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I invite you to utilise the guest book above or  submit queries and Maritime Provinces names that you are researching for the surname registry and queries column.  Please email me with names (maiden names in brackets), origin, departure port, NZ arrival port and year, vessel, and locale (area in New Zealand where your ancestor settled) for the registry. Your query must have a New Zealand - Canada connection.  Maybe a pattern will emerge that will assist others in identifying their descendant's route and arrival vessel.

The Star. April 9, 1897.
British North America in 1864 consisted of the Island of New Foundland, the three provinces of Prince Edward's Island, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick (commonly known as the Maritime Provinces) ; and the west of these and nearly severed from them by a projecting tooth of United States territory, two provinces which constituted Old Canada ; west again 1500 miles of rich wilderness inhabited by Indians and controlled by the Hudson Bay Company ; and west of all along the Pacific slope of the Rockies was a mountainous territory British Columbia, into which a handful of people were energetically introducing the arts of civilisation. These sections, as the writer points out in detail, were as ill-assorted as could well be imagined. Upper and Lower Canada had been bound together in a Legislative Union, but as one province was peopled by Protestant English, and the other by Catholic French sectional strife soon arose and was embittered by becoming one of race and religion. Of the British colonies, Prince Edward's Island may be said to approximate more to New- Zealand, on account of the climate, nature of the country, the capabilities and resources being like New Zealand, chiefly agricultural and pastoral, as well as its coasts and contiguity to the Continent rendering smuggling easy and customs' regulations difficult to enforce. It coven an area of about 3,000 square miles, and has, from its form, about 350 miles of coast. The population in 1836 was about 30,000 souls.

Name:
Maritime province origin:
Departure port:
NZ Arrival:
Vessel & date:
Immigrant's Locale in NZ:
Researcher:
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Name (maiden name in brackets) Origin Departure Port NZ Arrival Port  Vessel & Year Locale in NZ where settled Researcher
COSSABOOM, Leslie, b. abt 1872 Sandy Cove, Digby, Nova Scotia Unknown, unknown
after 1880
Aratapu, New Zealand Ed Hastings
DARRACH John & family  Prince Edward Island Charlottetown
PEI,12-23-1863 
Auckland, New Zealand Brig PAKEHA, 5-26-1864 Matakana & Mahurangi, Northland, N.I. D Saunders
DAVIS. Clara Ann Elizabeth  b. in 'Canada' 10 Jan 1871. Her father was Herbert Bowen DAVIS,  a blacksmith,  mother Sarah Unknown. m. Alan HULLETT in Christchurch  9 Oct.1892 the corner of Hanmer &  Armagh St, CHCH Dafanie Goldsmith
Foley, John (or James)  Nova Scotia Halifax Dunedin Em Lores 1868 Dunedin Stephen Gillespie
McPHEE, William Brown  b. Barneys River, NS, 1839 Believed to have ran away to sea, from Maitland, NS or St Johns, NB 1856 possibly Flying Mist, Bluff, 1862 Catlins District, South Otago.
Boatbuilder
Mike McPhee
MACHON, Thomas 
 
left Prince Edward Island, Canada, 23 December 1863 Charlottetown, PEI arrived in Auckland 26 May 1864 Pakeha settled in and around Dunedin Anne Brooks
O'CONNOR, Mary Alexandra New Brunswick DOB 1861 unknown ?Lyttelton unknown 1877 Christchurch Olwyn
PARKER, David Henry b. c. 1840
Halifax, NS
? He must have gone to Otago. That's where his 11 children were born. Leela Copping
PORTER, Rachel (Eaton) Nova Scotia Halifax Wellington Emulus 1868 Auckland Keith Berry
WADE, Herbert Bertram  Nova Scotia
DOB 1859
unknown ?Auckland unknown between 1877 - 1888 Warkworth Michael Wade

Queries

"Try as I may I cannot find any trace of how she got to New Zealand from the maritime provinces, nor when they were married."


Brian Ahern March 17 2006
Grandfather Robert Bunting McMillan born Prince Edward Island left San Francisco, CA on a clipper ship about 1900 for Christchurch with a stallion and three brood mares. Started harness racing there at his farm Santa Rosa near Christchurch.

Olwyn  March 30 2004
John FAIRCHILD was the son of a Devonshire farmer, but was born in Prince Edward Island about 1834. There he and some mates built a brig and sailed her to Australia. They sold her there, and Captain John Fairchild, master mariner, left to try his luck in New Zealand, landing at the Manukau (situated on the west coast of Auckland) about 1863. What was the name of the ship from P.E.I. to Australia?

Karen Corbo Australia. Nov. 7 2002
After information on JAMES HILET. Name spelt Hylit /Hillett /ILLOT /Haylett /Illett /Islett. Married in Sydney in 1841. Born Berkshire 1841. Swam to Australia. Maybe stopped in New Zealand ?

DD  CAN 27 Feb 2001
VALANCE - MCMILLAN: Seeking information on Mary MCMILLAN and William Wiley VALANCE, and his daughter. Mary was probably born in US or Canada c 1850. In my mother's possession are two photographs, one of Mary and William Wiley Valance and the other  his/their daughter, name unknown.  The photograph is stamped W.E. Sorrell, The Palace Atelier, 179 Colombo St., Christchurch, NZ. I have information on her family to exchange. Her parents emigrated from Scotland probably 1842 and settled in Lambton Co., Ontario, Canada. One son emigrated from there to New York State c1867 and a daughter to Delaware State in the US after her marriage.  I suspect they went to New Zealand after their marriage but have no data concerning their emigration. My only real documentation is the photograph(s) 

Heather Chan 8 Sept. 2000
SPENCER: My Great-Grandfather Captain George Spencer was born in Nova Scotia about 1833. He came to New Zealand about 1867 and married Esther Dyer in Pakiri 24 April 1875 ( or 1878?) in Pakiri, Northland, New Zealand. He was responsible for building the first scow in New Zealand, "The Lake Erie", based on designs he had seen on the Great Lakes in Canada. I have been told that he came out to the goldfields first and that the family originated in Boston, before going to Nova Scotia. I have as yet been unable to trace him in Nova Scotia, although there are a number of Spencers there, especially in the Cape Breton area, and have not been able to find his point of entry in New Zealand. The Lake Erie was ship-wrecked in 1897 at Bream Tail, the crew was saved & family stories say George's hair went white overnight because of this shipwreck. On his death on 16 Dec 1914 he was listed as a farmer. I have been trying to trace his Nova Scotian links for some time and haven't anything definitely traceable to my George Spencer. Can anyone throw any light on this?

Sandra Hume   CAN   6 April  2000
WHITE
: Clarinda White married James Gilligan  in Charlottetown, PEI. Left PEI after the birth of second child in Sept, 1853 as their third child was born in Dunnolly, Victoria in 1856. Clarinda died in Mt. Ararat in 1858. Would be interested to find out the ship they left on!

Ed Hastings   20 Feb 2000
COSSABOOM
, Leslie: Name might have been changed in New Zealand to Cosseboom. Left Nova Scotia at a very young age. According to a newspaper (Digby Courier) he visited his mother in December 1905.

Verona Leslie  CAN    18 Feb 2000
CROWELL: I have a relative that was ship wrecked in the Pacific, and when he managed to get to civilization (NZ) he swore he would never get on another ship again.  Charles Christopher Crowell b. April 21, 1840 in Lawrencetown, NS, married Lucy Lavinia Levy who was born in Melbourne Australia.  I believe that the spelling of Crowell changed somewhat in NZ.  Probably to reflect the pronunciation by Charles.  I don't think this family knew how to read or write.  Up until 40 years ago, a relative here in Nova Scotia was still corresponding with one of Charles descendants, but this ended with the death of the relative in NS.

Arthur Owen     18 Feb 2000
OWEN: I am researching the Owen family from PEI and this includes George William Owen who emigrated to New Zealand with his wife Annabelle Davies and who later married Annie Dewar, both of whom were also from PEI. I have a fair bit on information on the descendants of George William Owen by both wives on my website. I have been in touch (but not via e-mail) and obtained a lot of data from two descendants who live in New Zealand.

June Hamilton    NZL  18 Feb. 2000
EDGCOMBE: I am searching for a family of George and Isabella Edgcombe with 3 children, that were in PEI c 1881-1883, which I think must have sailed from PEI to NZ, but so far I have been unable to find any information regarding their coming to NZ.


"When the Australian gold rush was on there was lots of traffic to Australia from the maritime provinces even lost Nova Scotia sailing vessels in Australian waters."


Nova Scotia to New Zealand

Sebim, Ellen Lewis, Breadalbane, Spray, Gertrude, Highland Lass, Margaret (1852-1860) lists paintings

The Waipu Scots
 Denise's & Peter's Auckland Stuff  
Nova Scotia Historical Vital Statistics

A portion of New Zealand's Scottish population can trace there roots to St Ann's, Nova Scotia, Canada the departure point for a steady migration of about nine hundred residents. The "Normanites" exodus, which lasted eight years began in 1851 when Rev. Norman MacLeod, a Presbyterian minister, and 130 residents sailed from St Ann's Harbour for Australia.  Disappointed with conditions (heavy drinking) in Australia, the party moved in 1854 to Waipu, New Zealand.  St. Ann's-Baddeck/Waipu Twinning Society, a society to link the Cape Breton emigrants to New Zealand with those who remained.   Scottish Settlement at Waipu  The Waipu House Of Memories was established in 1953 as a memorial to the Scottish Nova Scotia pioneers. 

Between 1851 and 1860, a total of six ships made the journey
1.The barque Margaret, 236 tons, sailed in Oct.1851 and arrived in Adelaide five months later - built by Rev. Norman McLeod of Pictou, Nova Scotia. list
2. The brig Highland Lass, 179 tons, was built in Baddock, NS in 1851 and arrived in Adelaide in 1852. "The McKenzie Bros. (I think) bought the Gazelle in Australia to take the Highland Lass (that vessel had been sold in Australia) passengers to NZ."   Source: Anne Picketts.
3. The brig Gertrude, 217 tons, arrived 1856, Alex. Rose, master, sailed from St. Ann's, Cape Breton, NS June 25, 1856 via Cape of Good Hope and Sydney, arrived Auckland with 190 passengers, a woman and child died on voyage, some scurvy on board, emigrants met by relatives who arrived before them, owner of ship and his family were on board.   She was purchased by the Circular Saw Line.
4. Spray, 103 tons, 77-foot, brigantine was built at Guyaborough, N.S. in 1851. Carried 66 passengers and four were born onboard on its five-month voyage. 
5. The barquentine, Breadalbane, constructed of wood, 214 tons, was built at Baddeck, Cape Breton, Canada in 1854. Length in m 31.9 (101'), beam in m 7.6, draft in m 4.  She was wrecked 1 October 1864 ashore, 2.5 miles north of Bellambi when her anchors dragged, she was in ballast and the master at the time was Capt. Saabye. Source: Australian National Shipwreck database
6. Ellen Lewis, 336 tons, constructed in 1855 at Lunenburg, NS.

Timeframes has drawings of the Gertrude, Ellen Lewis, and Breadalbane.

Passenger lists were printed in the Nova Scotia newspaper, "The Acadian Recorder" on the 12th Feb. 1927.
MARGARET ~ St. Ann's 28 October, 1851 ~ to Adelaide 10 April, 1852
HIGHLAND LASS ~ Big Brasdor 17 May, 1852 ~ to Adelaide 23 October, 1852
GERTRUDE ~ St. Ann's 24 June, 1856 ~ to Auckland 25 December, 1856
SPRAY ~ Big Brasdor 13 January, 1857 ~ to Auckland 25 June, 1857
BREADALBANE ~ Big Brasdor 26 December, 1857 ~ to Auckland 23 May, 1858
ELLEN LEWIS ~ St. Ann's 7 December, 1859 ~ to Auckland 14 May, 1860

Daily Southern Cross, 26 June 1857, Page 2
Shipping Intelligence. PORT OF AUCKLAND.
ENTERED INWARDS. June 25� Spray, brigantine, 107 tons, A. Duncan, from Cape Breton via the Capo of Good Hope, in ballast. Passengers� (cabin)� Mrs J Duncan, Mrs J. Matheson and two children, William McMillan and Donald McMillan. (steerage)� Hugh McKenzie, Mrs. McKenzie and three children, Alex. McKenzie, Mrs. McKenzie and three children, John McKenzie, James Stuart, Mrs. Stuart and eight children, Mrs,. Christina Finlayson, Margaret, Alex., and Archibald Finlayson, Kenneth Campbell, Farquhar McLennan, John Urquhart, Mrs Isabella Mattheson, Christina Mattheson, Robert McNab, Mrs McNab, Alexander Stuart, Mrs Stuart and one child, Miss M. Matthieson, Margaret, Ann, Johanna, and Catherine Matthieson, Neil Campbell, Donald McKenzie, Arch. Stuart, Mrs. Stuart and five children, Mrs. Annabell McKenzie, Roderick McKenzie, Murdoch McKenzie, Christina McKenzie, Alexander Cameron, Miss Cameron and four children, Miss Jane McLeod, Hugh McLean, Margaret Mathieson; Alexander McKenzie, Mrs. McKenzie and three children, Mrs. Margaret McKenzie and four children, Alexander McKenzie, Miss McKenzie and four children, Ann Munro.� G. Duke, agent.

The Spray, brigantine, from Nova Scotia, the arrival of which at the Bay of Islands we noted a few days ago, came in at an early hour yesterday morning. She left Cape Breton on the 9th January � just in time to avoid being frozen in. The passage to the Cape of Good Hope was a tedious one, occupying 73 days. The vessel called at Cape Town for water and provisions, remaining there 10 days, and leaving on the 2nd of April. Her passage thence was also a tedious one, much easterly wind having been experienced. On the 56th day from the Cape, the schooner put into Twofold Bay, and remained there to take on board water and fresh provisions. She had a good run of eight days from the New South Wales to the New Zealand coast, and made the Bay on the eleventh. The prevalence of easterly winds detained I her there eight days, she having not left till the evening of Tuesday last. The Spray, although a good large roomy vessel, would strike one as being scarcely adequate to the conveyance, for such a distance, of so many passengers � ninety-six in all, but the whole have arrived in good health. There were two births on board ; no deaths no sickness. No vessel was laid on to follow I the Spray, but many persons are represented as being anxious to emigrate, should they receive encouragement. The Spray is a Nova Scotia built vessel, hailing from Halifax.

Breadalbane, a village, is located in Queens County in the central portion of Prince Edward Island.

Ship Building of River John, N.S. link broken

Kempt Family Genealogy  Isabella had arrived in NZ from Nova Scotia on the `Ellen Lewis' in May 1860 with her parents - Duncan and Mary nee Morrison

McKenzie, N.R.  1867-1946 (Norman Roderick) The Gael Fares Forth:1935. Wellington Whitcombe & Tombs, 2nd ed 1942. The romantic story of Waipu and her sister settlements; with an introduction by the Rt. Hon. Peter Fraser, Prime Minister of New Zealand.  Account of emigration by six small vessels 1852- 1860 from Nova Scotia to New Zealand. Index. Bibliography 320pp

McLeod, Samuel Edward Idyll of the shipbuilders : being a brief account of the life and migrations of the families from the highlands of Scotland that finally settled at Waipu, North Auckland. Auckland : Clark & Matheson, 1922? 36pp

McPherson, Flora. Watchman Against the World: The Remarkable Journey of Norman McLeod & his People from Scotland to Cape Breton to New Zealand : Breton Books, Wreck Cove, NS  ISBN: 1-895415-20-9  Wellington : Whitcombe & Tombs, [1962]
"More than the story of one man, Watchman is the story of the desperation, vigour, devotion and achievement of the Scottish exiles".  A detailed picture of the Reverend Norman McLeod (1778?-1866) and his relationship with his followers. 192 pages, 25 photos, 4 maps.

Robinson, Neil. To the Ends of the Earth: Auckland [NZ] : Harper Collins Publishers, 1997 260p. ill., maps. Includes bibliographical references and index.  Covers the migration to Nova Scotia and New Zealand by Norman McLeod and his followers.  $NZ39.95. If anyone would like a copy, please contact Anne Pickets, Waipu Museum and Information Centre. 

Robinson, Neil 1916- Lion of Scotland: Hodder and Stoughton, Auckland, New Zealand 1974 2d ed; in Canada for C.&G. MacLeod Ltd., Sydney, NS, 1952, 1974 ISBN: 0-340-19509-6
The romantic story of the migration led by Norman McLeod from Scotland to Nova Scotia and then to New Zealand. Comprises, in addition to the historical account, sketches of the immigrants lives in New Zealand. The appendices contain a list of vessels from Nova Scotia, names of heads of families, the number in each family, and the places from which they hailed; and a list of marriages of the migrants, both before and after arrival in New Zealand and contains the passenger lists for the Ellen Lewis, Margaret, Highland Lass, Spray, Breadalbane and Gertrude. This edition includes appended genealogical material reprinted from The Gael Fares Forth, by N.R. McKenzie.

The Outlook  September 23, 1929. 
I believe that "The Outlook" was the publication for the Presbyterian Church, in Epsom. Item courtesy of Christine. Her gg-Uncle, Rev. William MacDonald was the minister there from 1913 to 1932.

THE REV. NORMAN McLEOD
FOUNDER OF THE WAIPU CHARGE

by Rev. G. W. Blair, in the Northern Advocate.

It is not often we hear of a roving church that carried its own minister with it. Yet such a novelty is responsible for the founding of the Presbyterian Church at Waipu. To get some insight into the events that led up to this, we have to go back nearly 150 years. The history of the Church of Waipu is so bound up with that of the founder of both church and settlement- the Rev. Norman McLeod- that it may not be out of place to say a little about him.
Norman McLeod was born at Point of Stoir, Assynt, Sutherland, Scotland, on September 17, 1780. He was a bright, adventurous lad, who attended parish school, and there acquired a good common school education. But his thirst for knowledge led him further afield. He went to Aberdeen, entered the university there, and, in the year 1812, became a graduate in arts. It was about this time that he married a young woman of his native village, Miss Mary McLeod. After graduating, he studied theology in the University of Edinburgh for a couple of years, but as the rules laid down for licentiates included conditions he could not accept, he felt that he could not accept a licence to preach the Gospel from any Presbytery of the Church of Scotland. Having made up his mind on this point, he turned aside to the teaching profession and spent the next two years as domine in a school in Roxshire. Here is a word picture of the man at the age of 36. Six feet high, erect, spare, but powerfully built, strong beyond his fellows. Roman features with eagle eyes, and long sinewy arms. Later in life he was described as independent, self-reliant, and autocratic, and would not suffer any interference or restraint from any human source. If any men attempted to dictate to him he flung defience in their faces and followed his own course. His word was law in church and state. No one dared contradict him. Owning to some misunderstanding with the perish minister of Lochbroom at the end of his second year, Mr. McLeod gave up teaching and spent the next two years in the occupation of fishing. It was while engaged in this occupation that he made up his mind to leave his native land with a number of his friends and seek more congenial conditions in Nova Scotia. Mr. McLeod had been converted as a young man, and he immediately began to preach, but as his preaching was not along the orthodox lines, he was opposed to the parish minister, as numbers were drawn away from the parish church and became followers of Norman McLeod. His power as a preacher was such that he never failed to make a deep impression.

THE EXODUS
In Assynt and elsewhere, Mr. McLeod succeeded in drawing a number of people after him who strongly sympathised with him in his views regarding the relation of the Church to the State and the evils that flourished from that connection. A number of these people attached themselves to him. These were the people who sailed with him from Lochbroom in the month of July, 1817, in the barque Frances Ann, bound for Pictou, in Nova Scotia. The voyage was long and dangerous, the barque springing a leak in mid-Atlantic. Finally they reached Pictou in safety after a voyage....[the rest of the article is lost]

Montreal Gazette, July 31, 1852 
EMIGRATION FROM NOVA SCOTIA - Another band of emigrants left our shores, on board the brig Sebim, last Tuesday, for Australia. The number of passengers by the Sebim, was 42, comprising 31 men, 6 women and 5 children. They belonged in different proportions to Halifax, Barrington, Liverpool, Amherst, Shubenacadie, Chester, Windsor, Cumberland, Stewiacke and Dartmouth. Advertisements of vessels about sailing from New York and Boston for Australia are in circulation through the Province, offering fresh opportunities to those who may be discontented with the heritage that is given them in this country to quit it, and take up their abode in a distant land.

Daily Southern Cross, 19 March 1866, Page 4
DEATH OF THE REV. NORMAN McLEOD.
The steamer which arrived from Wangarei on Saturday evening brought the melancholy news of the death of the Rev. Norman McLeod, Presbyterian minister, of Waipu and Wangarei Heads. Mr. McLeod, who had reached a patriarchal age, has been for some time past in such weak health, that his death cannot be said to have taken his friends by surprise ; but we are sure that every one who knew the good old gentleman will grieve sincerely for his loss. Mr. McLeod was in many respects so remarkable a man that we will, in some future number, give a biographical sketch of his life. We may say here, however, that he was one of the older generation of Highland divines, now nearly extinct even in the north of Scotland, who were of such stern stuff as martyrs are made of, and no one who knew Norman McLeod could have helped thinking that he would have cheerfully gone to the stake for the very jots and tittles of his creed. He left Scotland with the people of whom he was pastor at the time of the Highland clearances, settled with them in Nova Scotia, and again crossed the ocean with them, or their children, for New Zealand. Mr. McLeod was an excellent scholar, and possessed great natural ability, with thorough honesty and generosity of disposition.

Wallace, Frederick William. Wooden Ships and Iron Men:1937 Charles E. Lauriat Co. Boston, pp 80-81 and the appendix mentions Norman McLeod vessels. Quotes a newspaper, The Carleton Sentinel of June, 1856 (St. John, New Brunswick paper) "For New Zealand, should sufficient inducement offer, a vessel will be laid on berth for the above islands to sail in August next. For terms of freight and passage apply to Stewart and McLean, Ship-brokers, St. John."  

Archives NZ Probates etc
CAMPBELL 	Duncan 		- County Pictou Nova Scotia - Medical Doctor 	1927 Akld 
DARE 		Robert 		- Wanganui ex Nova Scotia - Sailor 		1860 Akld 
INGRAM 		Thomas Rolf/Ralph - Halifax, Nova Scotia - Mariner 		1946 Akld 
McLEOD 		Thomas 		- New Zealand ex Harris and Nova Scotia 	1862 Akld 
PATERSON 	Nova Scotia 	- Timaru 					1970 Chch 

30 December 1835 - Captain R Fitzroy, HMS "Beagle" (ship) at Bay of Islands - Forwards letter to Busby, as he is the person to whom the writers should look for advice and assistance. Is unable to remain much longer in New Zealand. (writes from crew of "Rose" (ship), of Halifax, Nova Scotia)

Evening Post, 5 November 1904, Page 4
Auckland papers state that news has been received from Melbourne announcing the death of Captain George Davies, of the barque Hirotha. Captain Davies was well known in shipping circles, and during his career had command of a number of vessels in the coastal and Intercolonial trade. He brought the well-known barque Kathleen Hilda out to Auckland from Nova, Scotia in 1891.

Auckland Star, 15 August 1914, Page 4
Mr. Norman Mclnness, who died at his residence in Kelinarna-Avenue on Thursday, aged 87, arrived in New Zealand by the ship Breadalbane in 1858.


Daily Southern Cross, 12 June 1855, Page 3 MARRIED
 By the Rev. Norman McLeod, at the house of Mr. Miller, Queen-street, Mr. Robert Shedden, late from Greenock, to Miss Mary M'Kenzie, late from Nova Scotia.

Daily Southern Cross, Auckland, 30 June 1857, Page 3 DIED
On the 27th inst. at the Pah, Onehunga, Mr. Hugh Ross, late of Halifax, Nova Scotia. The interment will take place, in the Presbyterian burying ground, This Day, at noon.

Daily Southern Cross, 31 March 1865, Page 3
On March 2, by the Rev. D. Bruce; at the residence of his father, Kyber Pass Road, Mr. J. L. Longbottom to Barbara, youngest daughter of Alexander McKenzie, of the Waipu.
On March 28, at the residence of Mr. D. McInnes, Freeman's Bay, by the Rev. David Bruce, Mr. J. Mackay, formerly of Colchester Co.; Nova Scotia, to Miss Johauna, youngest daughter of Mr. Kenneth Mathewson, of Waipu.

Daily Southern Cross, 2 September 1867, Page 8
On August 4 drowned is the harbour of Mercury Bay by the capsizing of a boat. Mr Donald Campbell, of Cape Breton, Nova Scotia. Aged 30 years.

Daily Southern Cross, 23 November 1869, Page 3 DEATH.
On November 11. at her residence, Waipu, New Zealand, Ann, the beloved wife of Mr. Murdoch McLeod. Aged 29 years. � Nova Scotia papers please copy.

Daily Southern Cross, 28 June 1870, Page 3
On June 27, at his residence, Whau, John S. McKay, eldest son of John McKay, Earltown, Colchester, Nova Scotia. Aged 33. The funeral will leave his late residence, Whau Store, on Wednesday, 29th inst., at 12 o'clock. Friends are respectfully invited to attend.

Tuapeka Times, 23 January 1873, Page 5
MARRIAGE. Mackenzie � Blade.� At Teviot, on the 19th ult., by the Rev. R. Telford, Alexander Colin Mackenzie, late of Nova Scotia, to Margaret Blade, of Natal, South Africa.

Evening Post, 24 August 1880, Page 2 MARRIAGE
Miller � Baker: On the 19th August, at the residence of the bridegroom, Webb-street, John M'Laren Miller, of Montrose, Scotland, to Florence Maud Baker, of Halifax, Nova Scotia. No cards.

Hawera & Normanby Star, 15 September 1882, Page 2 MARRIAGE
McLean - Rae: On the 13th September, at the residence of the bride's father, by the Rev. T. F. Jones, John David McLean, of Picton, Nova Scotia, to Elizabeth Gardner Rae, of Lanark, Scotland.

North Otago Times, 9 June 1883, Page 2
Mr Alpheus Hayes has received advices of the sailing from Nova Scotia for Timaru, via Port Chalmers, of the Lady Madel, a vessel built to his order there. It is understood she is the first of several ordered for the Timaru trade.

Hawera & Normanby Star, 14 July 1885, Page 2 MARRIAGE.
WEST � IRVINE: At Stratford, on the 8th July, at the residence of the bride's father, by the Rev. Handley Brown, Charles Henry West, farmer, Ngaire, eldest son of William Henry West, Nova Scotia, to Janet, eldest daughter of John Irvine, builder, late of Edinburgh, Scotland.

Evening Post, 11 February 1889, Page 3
Auckland, This Day. The body of William McPherson was found drowned in the harbour this morning. Deceased was a native of Nova Scotia, and was lately employed in the coal mines at Kawakawa. He was aged 42 years, and came to town last Friday. It is not known how he got into the water. In his pockets wore a silver watch, a gold chain, two empty purses, and a bank book showing a balance of ninepence to credit. Several pieces of road metal in the coat pocket suggest suicide.

Observer, 9 February 1889, Page 12 A NEW ZEALAND COLONIST WITH STANLEY.
Now that the attention of the whole civilised world is centred on the movements of Stanley on the Dark Continent, it may be of interest to our readers to know that a New Zealand colonist accompanies the great explorer. Lieut. W. E. Stairs was born in Halifax, Nova Scotia, about twenty-six years ago. After successfully completing his studies at Dalhousie College he entered the Royal Canadian Military College at Kingston, Ontario, passing his examination with high honours, and was entitled to a commission in the highest branch of the Imperial Service, viz., the Royal Engineers. While waiting for his appointment he came to New Zealand, and subsequently spent three years with Mr Walter Hallett's survey party in Hawke's Bay. He proceeded to Wellington to pass his examination as a Civil Engineer, and when there received a cable message announcing his appointment, and requesting him to proceed to Chatham. When the African expedition was being formed, the War Office allowed Stanley to select two officers to accompany him. Major Bartelott was the senior. For the position of junior there were over 250 applicants, but the subject of our sketch, was chosen. No doubt his experience of three years in the New Zealand bush was not least among his many qualifications. Major Bartelott being dead, Lieut. Stairs is now in command of the expedition. Lieut. Stairs, being possessed of a splendid physique and a most genial manner, has no doubt been of special assistance to Stanley. He was an old school chum of Mr D. H. Boss, of this city.

Nelson Evening Mail, 16 April 1895, Page 2 Death of Mr Henry Dobson.
It in with great regret that we announce the death this morning at seven o'clock of Mr Henry Dodson, senior partner of the well-known firm of J.R. Dodson and Son, brewers. The deceased was the son of the late Mr J.R. Dodson, the first Mayor of Nelson, and a highly respected citizen of the place. He was born in Nova Scotia where the family was settled for a time. As a child Mr Henry Dodson came to New Zealand with his parents. His father entered into business as a brewer in Nelson in partnership with the late Mr Hooper, and the business is still carried on. After a residence here for months the family went to England, remaining there for some time and returning to Nelson.

Taranaki Herald, 7 July 1904, Page 5
Wellington, July 6. An inquest was held to-day concerning the death of David McLean, a carpenter, which was caused by a wire falling upon him at Ngahauranga yesterday. A verdict of accidental death was returned. The police believe deceased was formerly a resident of Wanganui, and possessed property there. He was about 55 years of age, and is said to have been a native of Nova Scotia.

Evening Post, 8 August 1916, Page 8
Pte. William S. Gilpln, whose death from wounds was announced in, yesterday's casualty list, was second officer of the Kauri when he went into camp, and previous to that was chief officer of the Koromiko. He had been in the Union Company's service for a number of years, and was looked upon as a very promising officer The late Private Gilpin was about 35 years of age, and was born at Nova Scotia (Canada), where his people reside. Private Gilpin's experiences in the Chinese river service and whilst trading round the South Sea Islands in tiny copra schooners were fall of interest. He was unmarried, and was a most popular officer.

Wairarapa Daily Times, 3 October 1919, Page 5
Mr John Bunyan McKenzie, an old identity in the Pahiatua and Manawatu districts for the past forty years, died suddenly at his residence in Palmerston on Wednesday afternoon. The deceased, who leaves a grown-up family, was born in Nova Scotia in 1852, and came to New Zealand five years later, residing first in Auckland and later in, the Manawatu district.


Emulous to Otago from Halifax 1868


The George Henderson sailed from Pugwash, Nova Scotia 4 December 1859 arrived  Sydney  26 February 1860. Captained by George Eaton who settled in New Zealand. This portion the Eaton family have found their way to some prominence in New Zealand as judges and magistrates. The information on this line is not complete, however there is a meager explanation for their departure. Interesting that  Captain John James, Captain of the Breadablane to Auckland May 21 1858 also arrived in Auckland, April 1860, from Nova Scotia with the George Henderson

Breadablane, barque, 224 tons.
Captain's name: John James 
Port of departure: Nova Scotia 
Date of arrival: May 21, 1858 Auckland

1901 CENSUS of NOVA SCOTIA:
McInnis, George
Birth Date: 23 Aug 1883
Birth Place: New Zealand
Census Year: 1901
Location: Halifax City Ward 3
Film #: T-6451 Division #: 3
Page #: 18 Entry #: 41
Family #: 158 
Immigration: 1884
Relationship to Head of Household: son

The Star Friday 20 August 1897 page 1
The funeral of the late Mr Westcote McNab Lyttleton, of Rokey, took place at the South Rakaia Cemetery yesterday afternoon and was very largely attended. The body was borne to the grave by present and former employed on the Rokeby Estate, and the pall-bearers were members of the Rakaia Road Board, on which Mr Lyttelton had occupied a seat for many years. The service was read by the Rev. J. Holland, and a full Masonic service was conducted. Amongst those present were.... Mr  Lyttleton, who was the second son of the late Captain Lyttleton, was born in November, 1847, at McNab's Island, Nova Scotia, and was educated privately with Sir Charles Tupper, formerly Premier of Canada. He arrived in 1863 in Tasmania, whither he returned after three years spent in Queensland, and undertook the management of the Clydevale Estate, where he resided for twelve years. While there he married Emily, second daughter of the late Mr Louis Wood, of Woodleigh, Snakebanks. He came to New Zealand in 1879, and settled at Rokeby, where he resided till the time of his death. Mr Lyttleton, who leaves a widow, two sons, and two daughters, was universally respected, and his death will be regretted by a very large circle of friends.
[McNab's Island is located at the mouth of Halifax Harbour in Nova Scotia.]

Timaru Herald, 6 January 1883, Page 2
The following vessels, which may shortly be expected from New York and Nova Scotia, have been purchased by Captain D. H. McKenzie of this city, for the inter-colonial and New York trades:�From Nova Scotia, the barque Wanona, 343 tons, is now on her way; and from New York, the Rio, a three masted schooner of 60 tons, which sailed on the 25th October for here via Wellington, with a full cargo. The Stanley and the Ransom are also on the berth for this port via some other New Zealand ports, and are of similar tonnage to the Rio. Four vessels are loading here for New York with kauri gum, their total tonnage being over 2000 tons.

Auckland Star, 14 October 1887, Page 8
VALUABLE SHIPPING PROPERTY FOR SALE BY PUBLIC AUCTION, AS UNDER ASSIGNED ESTATE OF D. H. McKENZIE. Gabriel Lewis has received instructions from the Trustees in the above Estate to sell, at his Mart, Queen street, at 12 o'clock, on the above date, THE UNDERMENTIONED VESSELS:
� WENONA, Barque, 20-64th Shares. This Barque was built in Nova Scotia in 1882; is 511 tons register ; length, 149 feet; beam, 34.5; depth, 13.2 ; is in first-class order; and carries 660 tons dead weight on a medium draught.
�  EILLAN DONAN ~Brigantine, 24-64 th, shares. This Vessel was built at Port Clyde, U.S., in 1883; 270 tons register; length, 135.8: beam, 26.8; depth, 12.8; is a first-class dead-weight carrier, and, stores timber well.
�  STANLEY, Brigantine, 32-64th Shares. Built in Nova Scotia in 1882: 335 tons register; length, 135.8; beam, 30.7; depth, 12.9; is a choice vessel for carrying timber or grain; calls fast on medium draught.

Timaru Herald Wednesday 2 November 1887 Auckland
The whole interest in the Auckland built, three-masted schooner Handa Isle was sold to Captain D.H. McKenzie for 2310. The same purchaser bought the 24th-64th part of the brigantine Eilan Donan for the sum of 765. The 20-64th of the barque Wenona was knocked down to Mr E.R. Cardno for 870. The other lot was the 32-94th of the brigantine Stanley, which found purchasers in Messrs Stewart and Garlick at 900 pounds.

Otago Daily Times 30 December 1893, Page 1
The Eileen Donan, which has been' lost at Noumea, was a wooden brigantine of 247 tons net register, built at Port Clyde, Nova Scotia, by T. Coffin and Son, in 1883.

Otago Daily Times 21 March 1891, Page 1
The barque Rose M., which is supposed to have been lost while on her passage from Kaipara to Melbourne, was a vessel of 368 tons gross and 291 ton net. She was a wooden vessel, and built in 1865 by Mr A. Campbell, of Tatamagouche, Nova Scotia. She was owned by Mr J. O. Ellis, of Newcastle, New South Wales, and was well known in this port, having a few years back been a constant trader here under the command of Captain Balle.

Otago Daily Times 14 July 1883, Page 2
Stanley, brigantine, 348 tons, Gould, from New York April 7. Neill and Co (Limited), agents. The brigantine reported off Otago Heads at 6 p.m. on the 12tn inst. proved to be the Stanley, from New York, but as the tug Koputai did not proceed down the harbour to tender her after she cast off the barque Cooleen at 6 p.m., the Stanley stood on and off during the night, and was towed across the bar shortly after 8 am. yesterday, and taken to Dunedin direct. The Stanley is a wholesome-looking wooden brigantine, built in Halifax, in Nova Scotia, she brings some 500 tons of American notions, and is consigned, to i Messrs Neil and Co. She rounded Cape of Good Hope on June 14.


Prince Edward Island
P.E.I. ships plying New Zealand waters

Otago Witness Saturday 18th June 1859  
    Emigration to New Zealand. We take the following from the Australian and New Zealand Gazette. of Feb. 12: "A considerable emigration movement is springing up in Prince Edward's Island for New Zealand. We learn that no less than four vessels are building at Charlottetown, all of which have been purchased by persons who intend to change their quarters to New Zealand, on a kind of Joint Stock Emigration scheme, with the intention of re-selling the vessels on their arrival out. Their destination is Auckland, and they expect to sail next autumn."

New Zealand Herald, Auckland 18 Aug 1870 Death
BAGNALL - At Grahamstown, of typhoid fever on August 17, George, third son of Mr. J. Bagnall, formerly of Prince Edward's Island.

New Zealand Herald, Auckland 6 June 1870 Death
STEWART - Daniel Benjamin Stewart, late of Bracklow Point Road, Prince Edward Island, North America. Washed overboard from the schooner Coquette, during a gale on the night of the 7th April, while on the voyage between Auckland and the Fiji Islands. Prince Edward Island papers please copy.

Timaru Herald published 13 August 1879 Marriage:
ANDERSON - COLLINS - On August 8th, at St. Saviour's Church, by the Rev. G. F. Clinton, Mr Duncan Anderson, of Auckland, late of New London, Prince Edward's Island to Louise Elizabeth Collins late of Christchurch, and youngest daughter of the late Robert Collins, of New Cross, England.

Off to a New Land!  From Dave Hunter's The Island Register site, Prince Edward Island.  In the mid 1800's, farmland on P.E.I. was getting hard to obtain, due to the huge acreage held by the tenant landlords. 

The PRINCE EDWARD, brigantine, 174  tons, Captain E. Nowlan, arrived in Auckland May 13, 1859, via Cape of Good Hope from Prince Edward Is. Ref. Southern Cross 17/05/1859 

Passengers of the "Prince Edward" Many families, including the Owen, Haszard and Darrach families, began looking for a life elsewhere so an offer of free land in New Zealand lured them.  The "Prince Edward" sailed from Prince Edward Island to Auckland, New Zealand in 1859.  Prince Edward, a brig, of 174 tons was built at Summerside, Prince Edward Island, Canada in 1858 by Robert Ceaswell and foundered about 70 miles from West Cape, South Island when inward bound from Newcastle to to Timaru on 30th July 1869. Master: J. Pallant. 

Diary of Angus Stewart's Voyage aboard the Prince Edward to New Zealand

Daily Southern Cross
, 17 May 1859, Page 2
Shipping Intelligence. PORT OF AUCKLAND.
ENTERED INWARDS. May 13 � Prince Edward, 174 tons, G. Nowlan. from Prince Edward Island, via Cape of Good Hope. Passengers - H. D., Mary C., W. J, J. 8., Matilda, G. R , Catherine, H., H. D , and T. S. Morpeth ; Robert, Moore H , and C. A. Hazzard ; Henry, Anne, Henry, John, Anne, Margaret, Catherine, and Isaac Smith ; James, Budget, Anne, Elizabeth, James, Augustus, and Henry Milner ; Kate Pendagrass ; George, Annabella, T. C, and Charles S. Owen ; Mrs. C, Emma Jane, Jane, Smith ; John Welsh ; Roderick McGregor ; William, Louisa, Harriet, Amelia, Alex. Elizabeth, William, Sarah, Anna, and Sydney Hazzard ; J. P., Elizabeth, John, Dan., Frances, Charlotte, George, Mary, Anne, and Margaret Oxley; Thomas, Caroline, Charles, Eliza, and Edward Mann ; Louisa, Jas. J., John R.. Louisa , J., Gregory B. and Evelyn Rigg ; Jonathan and Elizabeth Ryder ; Joseph Sneeston ; John McLeod ; Alexander McGregor ; Joseph Webster ; Donald Stewart; H. Auld ; Neil McLean ; James McDermot ; Neil McFagden ; John Paul ; Robt. Fennel ; Angus and Margaret Stewart ; Mary, Anne, Bridget, Margaret, and Mary Nowlan, and a female servant.� Combes and Daldy, agents.

IMPORTS � Foreign. Per Prince Edward, from Prince Edward Island� 4 cases, H. Smith ; 3 cases luggage, 1 case 1 trunk books, 4 cases, 1 box stationery, G. W. Owen ; 8 bags bolts, 1 steam engine and boiler, 7000 bricks, 2 waggons, I cart, 1 package axes, 9 bags nails and spikes, Jas. Millner , 58 bedsteads, 30 panel doors, 11 tables, I lot chain, 1 circular saw, Hazzard.

The Prince Edward, Captain Nowlan, whose arrival at the North Head on Thursday evening arrival mentioned in our last issue, anchored in the harbour the following morning. She is 162 days out from Prince Edwards's Island, and has reached us via Pernambuco and Simon's Town, Cape of Good Hope, having stopped 5 days at the former and twenty four days at the latter place. The Prince Edward is a fine roomy brig of 174 tons, and has just completed her first voyage. She brings, besides a cargo of personal luggage, agricultural implements, steam machinery, house fittings, and furniture, about 100 immigrants from Prince Edward's Island.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 25 August 1869, Page 2
Timaru Herald, 14 August 1869, Page 2
From the Otago Daily Times. The Prince Edward was a brig of 194 tons register, belonging to Messrs. Pigott Brothers, of Melbourne, and commanded by Captain Pallant. She was built at Prince Edward's Island, in 1858. On this her last voyage, she sailed from Newcastle on the 13th July, for Timaru, with a cargo of coal. .....

The Journey and Passengers of the "Pakeha"  The "Pakeha" left Prince Edward Island 12 December 1863 for New Zealand. Dorothy C. Bagnall's (45 Beulah Ave,  Rothesay Bay, Auckland 10. ph 9 479 2625) book "The Bagnalls of Turua 1864-1984" printed 1984, pp. 152.  Indexed. Contains Martha Bagnall's voyage account out to New Zealand and settling in NZ.  The Pakeha was a brig of 173 tons, built at New Glasgow, P.E.I. in 1863, by Robert Orr. The vessel was totally wrecked off Lake Ellesmere, N.Z. 11 June, 1881.  Source: "New Zealand Registered Ships 1840-1950" Watts


"Lady Grey"  Gershom Curtis b. 1811, m. 25 Feb 1847, Elizabeth Jane Molyneaux. Gershom died 1876. Emigrated to New Zealand in 1855. They travelled aboard the "Lady Grey" which was built at Saint Mary's Bay on PEI in 1854 by William and John Hicken Reg # 56/1854. It was a fore-and-aft clipper built schooner of 64 tons and was launched on August 7th, 1854. The ship had one deck and two masts.  She was 61.5 feet in length and sixteen and three tenths feet at beam.  She was owned by three men at commissioning: William Brent held 34 shares, Gersham Curtis owned 15 shares and John Lock held 15 shares .In November 1854 Lady Grey left PEI for Boston, Massachusetts carrying a cargo of timber.  In Boston the ship was provisioned for the voyage to New Zealand.  She returned to PEI and then set sail for NZ on December 1, 1854 with Captain Wilkie as her Master.  She arrived in Nelson, NZ on July 22, 1855.  In 1857 the Lady Grey was sold to George Henry Luxford, a merchant, of Wellington, NZ.  She was then sold on July 2, 1859 to the French Government to carry mail to New Caledonia. 

The newspaper "Nelson Examiner" of the 25th of July 1855 announced the arrival of the "Lady Grey" in the shipping news as follows: On the 22nd of July 1855 the schooner "Lady Grey" 65 tons, Saunders, master, from Adelaide. Passengers Mrs Brent and four children, Mrs Curtis and four children. The schooner, "Lady Grey", which arrived here on Sunday is from Prince Edward Island in British America and has brought three families, numbering, we believe, 21 souls to settle in this colony. This is the first direct immigration we are acquainted with from British America to New Zealand and we hope the expectations of the enterprising immigrants in coming here will be fully realized.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 25 July 1855, Page 2
The schooner Lady Grey, which arrived here on Sunday, is from Prince Edward's Island, in British America, and has brought three families, numbering, we believe, 21 souls, to settle in this colony. This is the first direct immigration we are acquainted with from British America to New Zealand, and we hope the expectations of the enterprising immigrants, in coming here, will be fully realized. The vessel was purchased from the stocks for the purpose of the voyage by the parties who were wishing to come here, and, having reached her destination, she is now to be sold. The Lady Grey has called at Adelaide and Portland Bay, and this has necessarily lengthened her passage.

The Brent and Lock families appear to have made Nelson their home. William Brent died in Nelson on the 1st of July 1888 after 33ys in New Zealand and his wife Elizabeth died on the 24 of January 1893, after 38ys in New Zealand. John Lock died in Nelson on the 23 July 1895 40ys after arriving from Prince Edward Island.

The CURTIS family settled in Nelson for a few years. In the Census Returns for 1857-1858, which are held at the Nelson Provincial Museum, Gersham Curtis, his wife Elizabeth Jane, and children, Mary, William and Henry are listed as living at Brook Street, Nelson. Gersham was a householder and his occupation was millwright. In 1857 Gersham was a lay preacher in Nelson.
From 1856-1859 Gersham was on the Jury List in Nelson and his occupation was miller. Gersham and John Lock were also involved in cutting the first track over the Takaka Hills but the date of this undertaking is unknown.

Gersham's name appears in the Nelson Directory for 1859 as the proprietor of the Aorere Hotel in Collingwood, a storekeeper and on the School Committee in Collingwood. The Aorere gold rush in Collingwood area had started in 1857. It seems that the CURTIS family lived in Nelson until late 1858 or early 1859 and then moved to the Collingwood area. A son, Alfred Samuel Curtis was born at Collingwood on the 9th of July 1859. 
Courtesy of Paul Curtis  The Island Register - Curtis File

"Press" Christchurch Saturday 24 June 1922
Obituary - CURTIS
Mr Henry Curtis, who with his parents landed in NZ in 1854, from Prince Edward Island, Canada by a yacht owned and sailed by his father, died at Westport on Wednesday. Deceased was 68 years of age. He lived for a few years in Collingwood, before coming to the Coast, where he followed gold mining in the Buller & Grey districts and also his trade as a carpenter. He leaves a widow and family of 6 daughters. One son died at the the war and another during an influenza epidemic.


Watt, Morris N. (ed.) Index to the New Zealand Section of the Register of all British ships 1840-1952.  ISBN 0-908797-36-2 (also indexed by owners and masters) Wellington, NZ Ship and Marine Society, 1963. Alexander Turnbull Library has this on microfiche and in bound volumes. Available on fiche from MacBeth Genealogical Service
Lists many vessels including at least twenty seven vessels built in Prince Edward Island. Extracts: Prince Edward Island built ships in the Watts Index
NORTHERN STAR, 73072 Barque, 337-73//327.43 tons
        120 x 27.7 x 14.9 ft,; Built at Port Hill, Prince Edward Island, in 1875 by James Yeo.
        Registered No. 34/1875  Prince Edward Island (IR)
                                   4/1876   Port of Liverpool
                               155/1881   Port of London
                                 19/1884   Port of Sydney, NSW
                                   3/1889   Port of New Castle, NSW
                                 20/1891   (5/x1/91), Port of Auckland
Master: James Hill
Min. Cas. 18/x/1891, Leak, off Hen & Chickens, Gregory Seymour Norris
Vessel lost between Hokiangs and Cape Egmont between 20th Feb. and 16th March, 1893; presumably in collision with the Gowanburn; all hands (8) lost. Master: John McKenzie
Ownership: Pt.2, pp. 25, 43,105, 107, 137

Evening Post, Volume XLV, Issue 64, 17 March 1893, Page 2
Auckland, 16th March. It is surmised that the wreckage found fit Kaipara Heads is that of the barque Northern Star, which left Hokianga for Wellington with timber, and is now considerably overdue, having been 23 days out. The vessel would have experienced all the force of the recent gales. The crew of the Northern Star were : � John M'Kenzie, captain, late of the Presto, M. Case, first mate ; D. Stuart, second mate ; H. Reilly, cook and steward ; A. Pearson, J. Barry, James Gibson, O. M. Hegglan, A.B.'s; W. M'Manus, ordinary seaman. M'Manus is a native of Auckland. Reilly was formerly on board H.M.S. Ringarooma. Stuart was born at Whangarei. The Star is owned by Mr. George Nicol, of Auckland, and is now 26 days out. Her cargo is insured for �5OO. According to Lloyd's Register, the Northern Star is a wooden barque, built in 1875 by J. Yeo at Prince Edward's Island. Her length is 120 ft, her breadth 27ft 7in, and her depth 14ft 9in ; gross tonnage, 338 ; under deck, 311 tons ; net. 327 tons.


Daily Southern Cross, 21 September 1858, Page 3
The Union.� It will no doubt be interesting to our readers to know that the brigantine Union, recently arrived in this harbour, is the identical vessel that was built at Prince Edward's Island by John Miklejohn and his three sons, and afterwards navigated by them round the world. The circumstance was noticed in the colonial press some time ago, and will doubtless be in the recollection of many persons. � Ibid.

Daily Southern Cross, 18 November 1862, Page 3
On the 17th instant, Ann, wife of Henry Smith, architect, late of Prince Edward Island, aged 60 years. The funeral will leave her late residence, Wellesley -street, to-morrow (Wednesday) half-past 2 o'clock.

Daily Southern Cross, 30 April 1864, Page 10
On March 20th, from exhaustion, whilst clinging to the wreck of the schooner Rapid, Neil Murray, second son of Mr. Angus McFadgen, Charlotte Town, Prince Edward's Island.

Daily Southern Cross, 15 November 1866, Page 4
On November 14, at his residence, Symonds-street, Mr Philip Richards, late of Prince Edwards Island, in the 50th year of his age.

Daily Southern Cross, 13 November 1867, Page 3 PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT GAZETTE.
By virtue of the authority vested in the Superintendent by the Auckland Waste Lands Act, 1867, he has appointed the undermentioned gentlemen to be emigration agents for the province of Auckland :� Messrs. Ridgway and Son, London ; Hugh Pollen, 15, Eden Quay, Dublin ; John Dyer, Queen's Square, Belfast; Charles M. Hepburn, Glasgow; F. W. Errington Glanworth, County Middlesex, Canada W. ; Alexander A. Smith, Bosanquet, Canada West ; W. H. Mare, St. John's, Newfoundland ; John McKinnon, County of Sydney, Nova Scotia ; R. Cheeseman, Lowth, England ; W. Meicklejohn, Prince Edward's Island ; F. J. Mullens, Bergedorf, Hamburg ; Robert Gilfillan, Macquarie Place, Sydney, N.S.W. ; Messrs. Gordon and Crotch, Melbourne, Victoria ; Henry Best, Hobart Town, Tasmania.

Daily Southern Cross, 6 February 1871, Page 3
On January 25, at Newcastle, Waikato, in childbirth of twins (both dead) Amelia Jemima, wife of Mr. Charles Bell, formerly of Prince Edward Island, British North America.

Waikato Times, 30 May 1876, Page 2 Death.
BELL. � On April 3, at Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada, Mrs Mary Bell, the beloved wife of Sir Robert Bell, and the mother of Charles Bell, of Churchill, Waikato.

Daily Southern Cross, 23 September 1876, Page 3
On September 12, at the residence of the bride's father, by the Rev. J. T. Hunton, Samuel Thomas, eldest son of A. Whitehouse, Esq. of Matakohe, to Elizabeth Cantelo, eldest daughter of George Bagnall, Esq., of the Thames, and formerly of Prince Edward Island.

North Otago Times, 4 September 1878, Page 2
THE LATE WRECKS AT TIMARU. The Lapwing was built at Prince Edward's Island in November IS7G, and was brought over to Auckland by her present Captain. She is owned by Mr. G. B. Owen, of Auckland, and her hull, worth about L3500, was, fully insured in the New Zealand Insurance Company.

Te Aroha News, 10 January 1885, Page 6
Particulars of the Disaster. She Went Ashore in Full Sail. Helensville, 1.20 p.m.
The Annabell is n total wreck. The crew are all saved. Mr Scott, lighthouse-keeper, has just arrived here in the tug-boat, and reports that Captain McDonald and crew landed at the lighthouse at 10 o'clock last night. The mate was injured in landing. The boat and every thing was lost, including the chronometer and men's clothes. They did not leave until the water was up to the combings of the hatch. Some had to swim to the boat. The vessel went on a shoal at 7.30, in fine weather, with all sails, including the royals set. No break { ! was then visible on the shoal. The masts fell two hours afterwards, when the hands took to the boat. All were very much confused on landing. i They stayed all night at the lighthouse and remain there yet. The vessel is owned in Sydney. The captain is part owner. She is insured in Sydney. The cargo consisted of one hundred tons of coal consigned signed to Mr Dargaville ; The Annabell was a large brig, registering 348 tons. She came here from Prince Edwards Island a comparatively new vessel about five years ago, and was purchased by Messrs G. W. Owen and Co. Whom that firm was formed into the Auckland Agricultural and Mercantile Company, the Annabell passed into possession of the company, and after trading under its flag for some time, she was sold to Mr J. P. Walker, of Sydney, whose agents in Auckland are Messrs Stone Brothers. Her value then was about �2,500, which was somewhere about the price paid for her by Mr Walker. It is believed that the insurances upon the vessel were transferred from Auckland to Sydney offices. The Annabell was a comparatively new vessel, having only been built at Prince Edward's Island in 1878.

Te Aroha News, 19 June 1886, Page 6
The Late Mr Hazard. Have been kindly furnished with the following particulars concerning the late Mr Charles Albert Hazard, whose melancholy death, in consequence of the volcanic eruption in the Lake country, we have had to record : The deceased gentleman had been a resident in this province for 27 years, having emigrated here from Prince Edward Island in 1859. Mr Hazard was born in that island in 18lO, and consequently was 46 years of age when killed by the eruption of Mount Tarawera. Mr Hazard's ancestors wore among the early settlers of America, having emigrated to Rhode Island in the 17th century. At the time of the American revolutionary "wars his paternal great grandfather and family were staunch loyalist, and at the termination of the war left their estate in Rhode Island and settled on Prince Edward Island, a country at that time sparsely populated, covered by a dense forest, and recently taken from the French. Mr Hazard's family for 100 years have led a prominent part in the history of Prince Edward Inland, and few men, for over 40 years, were better known than Colonel Hazard, the father of the gentleman so unfortunately killed.

Evening Post, 13 November 1890, Page 2
Dunedin, 12th November. At the inquest on the body of John McRae, who was run over and killed yesterday, the evidence showed that the deceased was a native of Prince Edward Island, about 60 years of age. He had been a digger, but of late was a bushman. The only relative known is a nephew, supposed to be in Auckland. A verdict of Accidental Death was returned.

Evening Post, 25 June 1907, Page 5
An old colonist, Mrs. George Bagnall, died at the ago of eighty-three at Auckland on Sunday. Deceased came to Auckland with her husband and family in May, 1864, from Prince Edward Island, Canada. Her husband, the late Hon. George Bagnall, predeceased her by sixteen years.

Evening Post, 8 January 1910, Page 5
Mr. Albert Bagnall, who had been identified with the timber trade in the Auckland district for a great many years, is dead. The deceased was born on Prince Edward Island, Dominion of Canada, where his father, the late Hon. Geo. Bagnall, was in business as a shipbuilder. In 1864 the family removed to New Zealand, and carried on ship-building at Mahurangi, Auckland, until the Thames goldfield was opened to Europeans. The Hon. Mr. Bagnall and family then settled at the Thames, and since 1869 the sons have carried on a very large timber business at Turua and Auckland.

Evening Post, 28 April 1910, Page 7
Mr. Lemuel John Bagnall, Mayor-elect of Auckland, was born on Prince Edward Island, Canada, where his father, the Hon. George Bagnall, carried on a big business until 1864. In that year the whole family came out to New Zealand. In 1868 Mr. L. J. Bagnall went to the Thames and entered the timber business, in which he is still engaged. He has always taken a prominent part in public affairs. In 1873 he was elected to represent the Thames on the Auckland Provincial Council, and he was also chairman of the Thames County Council. For some years past he has been a member of the Auckland City Council and Auckland Land Board.

Evening Post, 1 June 1914, Page 7
HASTINGS, This Day.
Mr. J. J. Craig, who leaves here for Auckland to-day, received a cable yesterday stating that Mrs. J. J. Craig, Mr. J. C. Craig, and Miss Craig were at Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island. They were by the Niagara on her last trip, and they were due to leave Canada about now. Mr. Craig is greatly relieved to know they were not on the ill-fated Empress of Ireland.


New Brunswick

The brig AUSTRALIA from New Brunswick to Australia 1852 and the Brunswick, New Zealand connection. In the passenger list of the brig "Australia" there is a reference to Mary T. Mailman who may have continued on to New Zealand. Keith Berry has recently been in touch with descendants of Mary Paulina Mailman in Otago. Posted 3 Sept. 2000.

Tamberlane Joseph (the Campbell who sailed to NZ via Australia on the brig Australia but ended up in Brunswick, New Zealand which is on the lower west coast of the North Island near Wanganui) was the second son of John and John was the first son of the senior Tamberlane of Carlton County, New Brunswick. 

Newspaper article from the Wanganui Herald 25 May 1953. With photo of Tamberlane Joseph Campbell, who opened up the Brunswick district just 100 years ago.

CANADIAN CUSTOMS INFLUENCED THE EARLY LIFE OF BRUNSWICK
"Dinkum" Canadian doughnuts, buckwheat cakes and a carefree childhood spent in roaming the unspoilt countryside will be among things talked over by Brunswick old-timers when they meet at the district's 100th jubilee celebrations next weekend. At any rate those are some of the subjects that Mr W.E. Campbell, a grandson of Nova Scotian Tamberlane Joseph Campbell, who was Brunswick's first settler, can discuss with animation..... Mr Campbell told the "Herald" how his grandfather, Mr T.J. Campbell, hacked his way from Wanganui to Brunswick through tutu and fern, cutting the road for his bullock wagon as he went. But the story of the Campbell family's pioneering goes back another couple of centuries.

During the London plague a certain Mr Campbell took fright and caught the first ship to Nova Scotia. He settled up the St. John River and for seven generations his ancestors lived there and thrived in the local timber and the local shipbuilding, timber and fishing industries. Then in the early 1850's a small adventurous group captained by Tamberlane Joseph Campbell built their own ship and set sail for Melbourne. The name of the ship has been forgotten, but a list of the majority of the crew members who were also part owners, is intact. They were: Walter Abram, Lorenza Abram, Mrs Bradock, Walter Bradock, Mr F. Baker, Mr D.D. Cunnabell and his son A.D. Cunnabell, Mrs Cunnabell, Mr and Mrs A.G. Hurley and their son Frank Hurley, Lemen Seperall, Frank and George Jackson, George Perry, Alfred Perry, and Mr Campbell and family. They arrived in Melbourne late in 1852. Some of the party were dropped in Australia while the rest sailed on for New Zealand. What happened to the ship is apparently unknown, but some of her part owners settled in various parts of this country, while the rest returned to Australia. Mr Campbell arrived in Wanganui in March 1853, after an arduous journey by bullock wagon up the coast. He had to carve his own track through virgin bush over the hills behind Paekakariki as his was the first wheeled vehicle to come up from Wellington. His wife (originally Miss Elizabeth Cunnabell) and four children, Allan, George, Eliza and Elizabeth travelled with him. After arriving at Brunswick which he named after his old home in Nova Scotia, Mr Campbell built a house of manuka timber and mud. He farmed the land for 16 years until he was killed while ploughing. His two sons, Allen and George, carried on the farm. The Cunnabells and the Hurleys were the only members of the original party from Canada who later settled in Brunswick......"


Brunswick, NZ, is near Wanganui river (8km from the river). There is a cemetery
in Wanganui which covers that vicinity as Brunswick is a small town. It is at 39�
51'lat. and 175� 2' longitude. Place names of New Zealand. (A.W. Reed, 1973), page 56, it mentions that, "Two early settlers came from New Brunswick in Canada. Their names were Joseph Tamberlaine Campbell and James Cunnell. They settled on the land they had purchased in 1853. It is said that they gave the name because it reminded them of New Brunswick. 

Resources

Maritime History Archive
Memorial University of Newfoundland
Tel:  709-737-8429
Fax:  709-737-3123

Evening Post, Wellington NZ 4 April 1866, Page 2 DEATH.
On the 28th inst., at the Hospital, Picton, Marlborough, N.Z,, Mr. A. M'Grotte, compositor, late of the Press office, Picton, and formerly of the Spectator office, Wellington. He was a native of St. John's, New Brunswick, Canada. [Australian and Canada papers please copy.]

Daily Southern Cross, 10 February 1869, Page 2 Star 19 Jan. 1869
THE BRIGANTINE DAYSPRING. The missionary brigantine Dayspring, Captain Fraser, arrived in harbour yesterday from Wellington, which port she left on the 3rd instant;. The Dayspring is a smart-looking vessel of 115 ton register, and was built in Nova Scotia in 1863, under the personal supervision of her present commander, and is specially fitted for passenger accommodation. During her stay in Wellington she has been visited by the Sunday-school teachers and scholars of the Presbyterian denomination, and the Sunday before leaving the sum of �2 3s. was subscribed by the Sunday-school children of the above church towards the tailing expanses of the vessel. When on board the little people were shown by Captain Frazer number of photographs of the several mission stations in the New Hebrides, a quantity of curious shells which had been picked up from the shores of those islands, and also a number of war implements, articles of dress, and other things used by the natives.


Hawera & Normanby Star, 8 March 1905, Page 2 MARRIAGE.
MANN - ANDERSON. - On Wednesday, February 22, at the residence of the bride's mother, Palmer road, by the Rev. C. E. Godbehear, Sydney A., son of the late J. Mann, of Crediton, Devonshire, England, to Calister B., second daughter of the late Captain Anderson, of Sackville, New Brunswick, Canada.

Evening Post, 12 August 1915, Page 8
DEATH of Mr  GEORGE SMITH
Private advice has been received in Wellington of the death in Nova Scotia of Mr. George F. Smith, who was for seventeen years assistant secretary of the Wellington Harbour Board. Born at New Brunswick in 1851, Mr. Smith was a son of Mr. William Smith, Deputy Minister of Marine for the Dominion. On leaving school he joined the training ship Britannia and rose in the Royal Navy to the rank of lieutenant. Retiring from the Navy in 1878, he came out to New Zealand with a view to farming, and for six years was engaged in surveying, sheep farming, and wheat growing in the Canterbury district. In 1885 he obtained employment as draughtsman in the Public Works and Marine Departments in Wellington, undertaking special work, including a marine survey of the Kaipara Harbour and a chart showing the lighthouses of New Zealand. Mr. Smith joined the Wellington Harbour Board on 1st June, 1890, as assistant secretary, and continued as such until 1907, when he voluntarily retired. During Mr. William Ferguson's absence in Europe Mr. Smith acted as secretary. Subsequently he went to Canada to carry on apple farming. As a mark of respect the flag over the Harbour Board's offices was flown at half-mast to-day.
 

Daniel F Johnson's New Brunswick Newspaper Vital Statistics
New Brunswick Courier November 2 1861
d. Christchurch, Canterbury, New Zealand, 15th June, Mary Ann ASPORT w/o Herbert E. ASPORT, Esq. and niece of Major General Sir W.F. WILLIAMS, K.C.B.

New Brunswick Courier October 19 1861
d. New Zealand, 15th June, Mary Ann ALPORT w/o Herbert E. ALPORT and d/o Thomas SMITH, Esq., Sussex Vale (Kings Co.), age 41.

New Brunswick Courier August 15 1863
m. Auckland, New Zealand, 25th April, by Rev. David Jones, Martin JONES s/o High Sheriff of Charlotte Co. / Sarah eldest d/o Capt. TUNKS, late of 68th Regt.December 19 1863

New Brunswick Courier December 19 1863
The P.E.I. "Monitor" notices the sailing from Charlottetown of the brig "Pakeha" with 34 passengers emigrating from the Island to New Zealand. Among the number was Hon. John BAGNALL, several years member of Legislative Council. May 4 1863

Morning News, Saint John May 4 1863
d. 7th Feb., Arthur JEKYLL, Lt., H.M.S. "Orpheus" second s/o Edward JEKYLL, Esq. of Bramley House, Surrey, age 21. He perished in the wreck of that vessel on the West Coast of New Zealand while in the execution of his duty.

October 2 1865 Saint John Globe, Saint John
A late Wellington, New Zealand paper furnishes us with the death of Captain JOHNSTON of this port. Capt. J. was in the employ of Messrs. Gibbs, Bright & Co. of Liverpool. He left here last year and took home the ship "Proteus" for that firm. His wife and children reside in the vicinity of Golden Grove. 'The S.S. "Lady Darling" arrived at Port Chalmers yesterday from Hokitika which port she left 27th inst. On her passage to Lyttleton, when off Cape Campbell, an accident occurred on board to her commander, Capt. JOHNSTON. On Thursday night about half past 10 o'clock during a heavy gale of winds from the S.W., Capt. J. was standing on the quarter deck near the man at the wheel. A heavy sea struck the ship which nearly wrenched the wheel from the man's grasp. He called out to the Capt. to send assistance as the helm was becoming unmanageable. The Capt., without answering him, laid hold of the wheel himself; when another sea struck the vessel right astern, causing the wheel to whirl violently round and over powering them both. The man was thrown across the spindle and the Capt. received blow on the back of the head with the spoke of the wheel which killed him almost instantly. The ship put about for the nearest port and by 10 o'clock next morn. she arrived at Wellington Harbour. The Purser went ashore and communicated the sad News to the authorities who ordered an inquest to be held on the body the next day when a verdict of accidental death was returned. Respect was paid to the deceased by the ships in the harbor and the mercantile houses on shore by hoisting their flags half mast The funeral took place last Saturday and was attended by the officers of the ship and the whole of the crew and firemen, deceased's friends on shore and Captains of the ships in the Harbour. Capt J. leaves a wife, six children. (see original)

October 2 1865 Saint John Globe, Saint John
d. At sea, off Cape Campbell, New Zealand, June 29, Thomas JOHNSTON, age 41, native of Drummond, Norway.

Saint John Globe, Saint John,
On Monday last T.J. CAMPBELL of Brunswick was ploughing with a young horse which he was leading and the son holding the plough. The horse reared up, struck him on the forehead with its knee and knocked him down. The horse then started and the ploughshare struck Mr. C. a violent blow on the back of the head, breaking the skull. Temerlane Joseph CAMPBELL was born at Woodstock (Carleton Co.) N.B. about 160 miles above Saint John on 13th Oct. 1811 and was therefore two months within 56 years of age. On 12th Aug. 1852 he sailed from St. John, N.B. for Melbourne (Australia) with 105 fellow passengers, who with himself, had purchased a vessel for that purpose. They arrived at Melbourne on 29th Dec. 1852, but finding no fair prospect of settlement, there they sold their ship and some of the party determined to seek their future homes in New Zealand. Mr. CAMPBELL was one of them. They took passage by the bark "Creole", Capt. Enton and arrived in Wellington in February 1853. There they purchased land script and on the following month came on to Wanganui to select their land. They did so and called the name of the settlement Brunswick; thus the name Brunswick was given to the district in which they selected their land and in which Mr. CAMPBELL has died. We have reason to believe that Brunswick near Melbourne was settled upon by some of the same party. We may close these remarks by stating that Mr. CUNNABELL, one of Mr. C's fellow adventurers, went on a flying visit to his old native land, New Brunswick, some months ago. On his return he brought with him a considerable quantity of various kinds of seeds which he hoped would grow well in these districts. It was whilst ploughing ground in which to sow some of these seeds, that Mr. C. received the injuries which resulted in is untimely death. Being an old and highly respected member of the Masonic craft, his remains will be followed to their resting place today by a number of Masonic brethren of this town and district. - Wanganui (New Zealand) Times, 13th Aug.

August 15 1866 The Head Quarters Fredericton County York
m. Wednesday 8th Aug., All Saints Church, Cross Roads, Douglas (York Co.) by Rev. Theodore E. Dowling, Darius BREWER, Jr. / Miss Lydia RYAN both of New Zealand, Douglas.

Saint John Globe, Saint John, November 20 1867
m. Maryleone Presbyterian Church, by Rev. Wm Chalmers, D.D., Charles BUIST, Esq., Valetta, Canterbury, New Zealand / Jessie Jane youngest d/o George Sinclair BROME, Esq., 27 Pembridge Square.

The Morning Freeman, Saint John, July 18 1868
We are requested to state that the friends of Mr. A. McGROTTE, Printer, who died in New Zealand can obtain further information on application to Alfred T. CARD, Picton, New Zealand.

Christian Visitor, Saint John, July 23 1868
d. Marlborough, New Zealand, 28th March, A. McGROTTY, Printer native of St. John, N.B.

The Morning Freeman, Saint John, June 6 1868
The 'Globe' commenting on the recent departure of Mr. MAXWELL and others for New Zealand (see original)

Morning Telegraph, Saint John, August 27 1868
Rev. William ALVES and family have arrived in safety in Dunedin, New Zealand and he has been assigned a temporary field of labour. Mr. ALVES and family arrived 26th June, having travelled by six different steamers. (see original)

October 29 1868 The Morning Freeman Saint John
George BAKER of Lancaster (St. John) who, with his family, went to New Zealand in the summer, returned by the American steamer yesterday. - Globe

November 21 1868 Morning Telegraph, Saint John
d. 5th Sept., George St., Dunedin, New Zealand, Matilda Vernor youngest d/o Rev. Wm ALVES, age 5 years 7 mos.

Christian Visitor, Saint John, September 24 1868 & The Daily Telegraph May 26 1870 Saint John
m. 26th May, Oamaru, Otago, New Zealand, by Rev. J.A. Taylor Jessie Lee second d/o late Charles G. SWIFT, Esq., Geelong, Victoria / William Francis s/o late Hon. W.B. KINNEAR.

Morning Telegraph, Saint John October 29 1868
Today we have a note that Mr. BAKER, lately of the firm Baker & Barnhill, saw mill owners, returned on Tuesday from New Zealand to which place he sailed last spring with the intention of settling there permanently. Mr. BAKER discovered on his arrival that the country was not what he expected to find and returned with his family to St. John immediately. (see original)

Morning Telegraph, Saint John, December 24 1868
James MAXWELL, Charles P. BAKER and their families have returned from New Zealand to which place they emigrated in the spring. Only 2 of the 15 or 20 persons composing the party who went to New Zealand with the BAKERS and MAXWELLS have not returned, namely, Henry MAXWELL and Mr. STEVENS.

The Morning Freeman, Saint John, January 28 1869
Further details on the Milltown, St. Stephen murder by Stephen INNESS. In a letter by his mother, Mrs. Marcia H. INNESS wrote Dec. 14th, to the Doctor (Doctor WADDLE, Lunatic Asylum, St. John) ... At the age of 16 he (Stephen) left home to go to sea, and was absent seven years. Two of those years he was on board a British man-of-war, three he spent in the mines of New Zealand... (see original)

The Daily Telegraph, Saint John, July 19 1869
Born Broughton Hall, Auckland, New Zealand, 25th Feb., the wife of Capt. W.A. FRASER of the Mission Ship "Dayspring", of a son.

Morning News Saint John August 30 1869
We understand that by last mail from New Zealand to Great Britain word was received of the murder by the Moaries of Mr. LAWSON, formerly of Halifax, N.S. and brother to Dr. LAWSON of this place. - Windsor Mail

The Daily Telegraph Saint John January 28 1870
Rev. Dr. STEEL of Sydney, Australia writes under date No. 6th, 1869 to Rev. P.G. McGREGOR of Halifax, N.S. announcing the death of Rev. Donald MORRISON one of the Missionaries of the Presbyterian Church of the Lower Provinces at Onehunga, near Auckland, New Zealand on 23rd Oct. 1869. Mr. MORRISON, we believe, was a native of Scotland, but reared from childhood from Island of Cape Breton. He was educated in Free Church College, Halifax. He married Miss Christina ROSS, native of Earltown, N.S. (see original)

February 10 1870
Saint Croix Courier, Saint Stephen, County Charlotte
Owen JONES, Esq. and his bride will visit Mr. and Mrs. TILLEY in Ottawa and then proceed to their distant home in New Zealand.

The Daily Telegraph, Saint John, February 10 1870
m. 9th inst., at residence of bride's father, by Rev. R.E. Smith, Rector of St. George, Owen JONES, Esq., Wellington, New Zealand / Florence second d/o Z. CHIPMAN, Esq., St. Stephen.

New Brunswick Reporter and Fredericton Advertiser, Fredericton, February 11 1870
m. 9th inst., at residence of bride's father, by Rev. R.E. Smith, Rector, St. George, Owen JONES, Esq., Wellington, New Zealand / Florence second d/o Z. CHIPMAN, Esq., St. Stephen (Charlotte Co.)

Daily Morning News, Saint John, August 18 1870
Intelligence has just reached us from Hokitika, New Zealand that on 27th May last, David W. TURNER, brother of J.S. TURNER and J.D. TURNER of (St. John) city was drowned on the Kaiapoi Bar near Christchurch, Province of Canterbury, New Zealand. We clip from the Canterbury 'Times' of May 31st the following account of Mr. TURNER's death. The Masonic body of Kaiapoi of which Mr. TURNER was a member, charged itself with interment of his remains. (see original)

The Daily Telegraph, Saint John August 18 1870
J.S. TURNER has received the sad intelligence of the death of his brother David W. TURNER, formerly Agent of the Eastern Express Co. in this city. He was drowned at New Zealand, 27th May, by the upsetting of a collier, of which he was master, while endeavouring to make shore. He was buried by the Masonic Order.

The Daily Telegraph, Saint John May 26 1870
m. Boat Harbor, Otago, New Zealand, 27th ult., by Rev. Wm ALVES, A.M., brother-in-law of the bride, Thomas James MARTIN, Esq., Union Bank, Dunedia / Sarah Falconer TAYLOR second d/o late Lt. Col. John TAYLOR, H.M. E.I.C.S., Bengal.

Daily Morning News August 18 1870 Saint John
Intelligence has just reached us from Hokitika, New Zealand that on 27th May last, David W. TURNER, brother of J.S. TURNER and J.D. TURNER of (St. John) city was drowned on the Kalapoi Bar near Christ Church, Province of Canterbury, New Zealand. We clip from the Canterbury 'Times' of May 31st the following account of Mr. TURNER's death. The Masonic body of Kalapoi of which Mr. TURNER was a member, charged itself with interment of his remains. (see original)

The Daily Telegraph, Saint John, February 21 1871
d. At sea, on the voyage from London to Canterbury, New Zealand, Eugene MacSHANE, M.D., Assistant Staff Surgeon to the Forces and late H.M. 58th Regt. The deceased was the only brother of Major MacSHANE of (St. John) city.

The Daily Telegraph, Saint John April 10 1871
The Brigt. "New Zealand" which arrived in this Port a few days ago has been quite unfortunate since the commencement of her voyage hence for Ponse, P.R. On return trip, 31st ult., when off the Georges, one of the seamen named James REDMOND, a resident of (St. John) city, was lost overboard. Since his departure from our port, three of his children have been carried off by small pox. His widow is said to be in a very destitute condition. (see original)

The Daily Telegraph, Saint John May 10 1871
m. St. Andrew's Episcopal Church, Glasgow, Scotland, 4th April 1871, by Rev. Dr. Gordon, Charles W. MARTER, Surgeon Dentist of Saint John, N.B. / Mary MACKAY only d/o late Robert MACKAY, Esq., Surgeon, Glasgow and widow of Dr. WRIGLEY of H.M. Troops, Taranaki, New Zealand.

Daily News Saint John November 22 1872
The 'Evening Herald' published at Wanganui, New Zealand reports that Mr. HEALES has done invaluable service in discovering a route from the New gold fields of Tubua recently discovered, to that city. Mr. HEALES formerly belonged to the town of Portland (St. John) N.B. and his relatives reside in Cornwallis, N.S.

The Daily Telegraph, Saint John, April 28 1873
From 'Scottish American Journal' - News reached us from Otago, New Zealand of the death of Rev. William ALVES, A.M., late of Calvin Church, St. John, N.B. which occurred on 1st February at Caversham near Dunedin. Mr. ALVES was a native of Aberdeenshire and a distinguished scholar of that county. Shortly after his arrival in New Brunswick he accepted a call, and the Calvin Church in St. John, which was lately burnt, was built for him. He ministered to that Congregation for about 12 years, when he resigned having accepted the appointment of missionary of the Free Church of Scotland to New Zealand. Arriving there, he became pastor of Kalkoral near Dunedin where he remained till last year when failing health obliged him to retire. While in St. John, he published 'St. Paul's Epistle to the Ephesians'. He is survived by a widow, the daughter of the late Lt. Col. TAYLOR of Bengal Army, and six children.

The Daily Telegraph, Saint John, May 14 1873
The 'Yarmouth Tribune' says that among the curiosities recently presented to the Yarmouth Museum is a New Zealand war club, the gift of Henry LOVITT, a native of Yarmouth, but at present residing at Liverpool, G.B.

Saint John Globe February 20 1882
Married 20th Dec., St. Paul's Cathedral, Wellington, New Zealand, by Bishop of Wellington, assisted by Rev. J. Lloyd KEATING, M.A., Incumbent of Palmerton North, brother of the bridegroom, William Forbes KEATING, M.D., L.R.C.P., (Edin.) of Patea, N.Z. / Jessie PHILLIPS, Moreton, Gloucestershire, England, youngest d/o late Richard PHILLIPS of Stoney Stratford, Buckinghamshire. (Dr. Keating is a native of Yarmouth, N.S. and a s/o W.H. KEATING, Esq., formerly of that town and now of Halifax.

The Daily Telegraph February 8 1890 Saint John
Married. At residence of bride's father, Shelly Beach Road, Ponsonby, Dec. 21st., by Pastor J.D. Gilmore, Rev. Hughes JONES eldest s/o late Rev. Dr. JONES, principal of North Wales Baptist College, Liangollen, Denbighshire, England / Mary Ethel OWEN third d/o G.W. OWEN, merchant of Auckland, New Zealand, formerly of Charlottetown, P.E.I.


The Ships and Seafarer's CD from the Memorial University of Newfoundland

151 surnames with voyage record counts for mariners born in New Zealand from the Ships & Seafarer's CD. The CD provides first name and/or initials, age, literacy, rank and other personal and voyage data such as dates, ports visited, shipmates, ship masters and owners and managing owners, as well as certificate numbers and residences for master mariners, and ship registry info for previous voyage.  The number following the surname indicates  how many voyage records there are on the CD for that surname with a New Zealand birthplace. Information courtesy of Sharon Sergent Boston States Migration coordinator. Posted 18 Feb. 2000. Surname index

ALBERT 1
ALLAN 2
AMONDSON 1
ANDERSON 1
ARNOLD 1
ARTHUR 1
ASHFORD 1
BADIN 1
BAKER 1
BASNETT 1
BAXTAR 1
BENJAMIN 1
BENTLEY 1
BLACKWELL 1
BOAG 2
BRAUS 1
BROWN 8
BRUCE 1
BUCKLEY 1
BUDLONG 1
BULLIVANT 1
BURKE 1
BURNS 2
BURROWS 1
CAFFREY 1
CAMPBELL 2
CARLSON 1
CARR 1
CELO 1
CELOS 1
CHESTER 1
CHRISP 1
COOPER 1
COUVILLE 1
CRANN 2
CREMER 1
CROOKS 1
CROSBIE 3
DARLING 2
DAVIES 1
DRISCOLL 1
EDELSTIN 1
EDWARDS 2
ELLIS 1
FISCHER 1
FLEMING 1
FRANCE 1
FRANCIS 1
FRASER 2
GILKES 1
GODFREY 1
GODWIN 1
GORDON 1
GRAINGE 1
GRANT 2
HARRINGTON 4
HARRISON 1
HARVEY 1
HENDERSON 1
HOLLAND 1
HOLT 1
HORNBY 2
HORTON 1
HOWELL 1
IGOE 1
JARMAN 1
JONES 7
KENNING 1
KNUDSON 1
LATHAM 1
LAVERACK 1
LEE 4
LEWIS 1
LINN 1
LYNN 1
LYON 1
MABIN 2
MANN 1
MARSDEN 1
MARTIN 1
MATHERS 1
MATHESON 1
MATSON 1
MCALPINE 4
MCDONALD 1
MCGUINESS 1
MCGUIRE 2
MCINDOE 1
MCKENZIE 2
MCNEIL 3
MCQUIN 1
MCRAE 2
MERRIMAC 1
MESSENGER 1
MEYER 1
MICKLE 1
MILLS 1
MONTGOMERY 1
MOORE 1
MUNDELL 10
MUNRO 1
NELSON 1
NIELSON 1
NILSON 1
OLSON 1
OREILLY 1
OZARD 1
PAYZILL 1
PITCHER 1
POMARE 1
POTTS 3
PRICE 7
PULLMAN 1
 
QUINTALL 1
RANDALL 1
RAY 1
RAYMOND 1
REISTERER 1
RICHARDS 2
RODGERS 1
RUDMAN 1
RYAN 1
SACHTLER 2
SAMUELS 1
SCHMIDT 1
SCOTT 3
SEALY 1
SHEPPARD 1
SINCLAIR 2
SMILEY 1
SMITH 18
STANHOPE 2
STENTEFORD 1
STEVENS 1
STEVES 1
STOREY 1
TIBBITS 1
TONGE 2
TUCKEY 3
TULLOCH 2
VICKERS 1
VUAN 1WALSH 1
WEARN 1
WHITE 3
WHITEHEAD 1
WILLIAMS 1
WILSON 2
WINCHESTER 3
WITHERHEAD 1
YOUNGMAN 2

voyage ID #E073576007
P D Gruchy, age 29, born in Jersey, literate, signed on with one crew member from last voyage of this ship, to be paid 5/0/0 sterling, he was paid in advance in sterling, balance 11/14/3 (The balance of wages owed at the end of the voyage. If the seaman was 'in debt', researchers wrote -0. If the value of 'in debt' was given, they used -x value. If there was no information, they left the space blank. If the agreement said 000, they wrote 000.) He joined ship at Dunedin, Otago Harbour, New Zealand on Monday Dec. 18, 1881 as a able-bodied seaman, he was discharged at the end of the voyage in London on Tues, 28, March, 1882


Frederick W. Wallace Marine Museum of the Great Lakes at Kingston, Canada
The Wallace list was compiled by the author and journalist Frederick William Wallace and published in a "Record of Canadian Shipping: 1786 - 1920".
In Mr. Wallace's words - "The list has been confined mainly to square-rigged vessels of 500 tons and over. In a few instances this limit has been waived, particularly in the case of vessels built prior to 1840. Up to that date, the details of regarding the largest square-rigged vessels built since 1786 have been entered, as but very few craft were constructed during that period to register more than 500 tons". The usual caution about dimensions and tonnage. There are many ways to measure tonnage and length and their recording was by no means consistent. Extracts:

Name			Tonnage		Year Built & Where		Remarks
OLIVER LANG 	  	1236 NM  1853 St. John, N.B. Canada	Wrecked 1859 Wellington, N.Z. 
BRITISH EMPIRE		1413  	 1863 Quebec, Quebec		Wrecked St. Thomas, West Indies
BROTHERS PRIDE	  	1213 	 1858 Sackvillie, N.B.		Scuttled by master 1880 
BULWARK			1332	 1862 St. John, N.B. Canada	N.Z. Packet; Shaw, Savill & Co., London. Foundered in N. Pacific, Feb 1882 
CARIBOU 		1160	 1864 Quebec, Quebec		Burnt 1869 at sea N.Z.  Packet 
CHARLOTTE GLADSTONE	1304	 1865 St. John, N.B. Canada	N.Z. Packet, 1870-73 Norwegian "ALFHILD," 1890. 
CLONTARE		1091	 1850 Quebec			Australian and N.Z. Packet 1856-1860 
EMPRESS		  	1267	 1857 Sackville, N.B. Canada	Sold Liverpool, N.Z.  Packet 
GOLDEN SEA	 	1418	 1864 Quebec			N.Z. Packet 
GREEN JACKET 		1040	 1860 St. John,  N.B. Canada	N.Z.  Packet, 1863. 1891, Norwegian " Festina Lente" ex " Tacazze." 
INDIAN EMPIRE	 	1351	 1860 Quebec			N.Z. Emigrant Packet Owned D. Law, Glasgow. 
JOHN DUNCAN	 	 970 	 1855 St. John, N.B. Canada 	London-N.Z.  Packet 
KATHLEEN HILDA	  	 552 	 1891 Maitland, Nova Scotia	1903, owned Auckland, N.Z. 1924, Hulk,  Alexander Craig,, of Auckland. 
LANCASHIRE WITCH 	1574	 1854 Quebec			N.Z. Packet. 1887 Hulk in Callao. 
NEW ZEALAND	 	1370	 1864 Miramichi, N.B. Canada
NEW ZEALAND	 	 593 	 1841 St.John,   N.B. Canada 
NIMROUD 		 943	 1853 Miramichi, N.B. Canada	Australian and N.Z.   Packet, London 
PLADDA			 982	 1857 Quebec	 		N.Z.  Packet, Albion Line, Glasgow
QUEEN OF INDIA	 	1044 	 1859 St. John, N.B. Canada	Condemned 1887 N.Z.  Packet Fernie Bros., Liverpool 
QUEEN OF THE DEEP	1257	 1863 St. John, N.B. Canada	N.Z. Packet. Liverpool owned. Original name "Our Pearl" 
QUEEN OF THE MERSEY 	1227	 1860 St. John, N.B. Canada	N.Z.  Packet. Fernie Bros., Liverpool. 1891, Norwegian "Johanne"
QUEEN OF THE NORTH 	1668	 1860 St. John, N.B. Canada 	Valued at 13,500. N.Z. Packet. Liverpool 
RHEA SYLVIA  		 881	 1852 Quebec			N.Z.  Packet, 1861. Wrecked 1867 Sable Island 
STAR OF ARCADIA		 947	 1861 St. John, N.B. Canada	N.Z.  Packet. Owned Glasgow
TINTERN ABBEY	  	1346	 1874 Quebec			New Zealand Packet. Owned H. Ellis, London 
WAR SPIRIT 	 	1317	 1854 Moncton, N.B. Canada	N.Z.  Packet 1878
WENONA		  	 511	 1882 Canning, N.S. Canada	Owned Auckland, N.Z. barque
WHITE ROSE 		1528	 1874 Pt. Levis, Quebec		N.Z.  Packet. Owned London. 1903, Norwegian 
ZEALANDIA	  	1032	 1857 St. John, N.B. Canada	N.Z. Packet, 1858-1865. London 

Lloyds Register
NEW ZEALAND
Rigging:  Ship; sheathed in felt and zinc in 1855
Master:  Captain H. Ramsay
Tonnage:  652 tons using old measurements and 729 tons using new measurements
Construction:  1842 in New Brunswick; new deck in 1850; new keelson in 1851; some repairs in 1851, 1854 & 1855
Owners: Thompson
Port of registry:  Shields
Port of survey:  Shields
Voyage:  Sailed for the Mediterranean Sea

QUEEN OF MERSEY - 1861 
Master: Captain Aitken 
Rigging: Ship; sheathed in yellow metal in 1861; partly fastened with iron bolts 
Tonnage: 1,227 tons 
Construction: 1860, McDonald in New Brunswick 
Owners: Fernie Bros. 
Port of registry: Liverpool 
Port of survey: Liverpool 
Voyage: sailed for Australia
OLIVER LANG - 1855-1858 
Master:  Captain W. Crawford (1855-57); Captain Joseph Mundle (1858) 
Rigging: Ship; sheathed in yellow metal and partly in felt in 1854; partly fastened with iron bolts 
Tonnage: 1,275 tons using old measurements and 1,236 tons using new measurements 
Builder: Messrs. Brown and Anderson. Reputed to be the first vessel built specifically for the immigrant trade and from blue prints rather than a half hull model.
Construction:  1853 in Saint John, N.B., using tamarack, pitch pine, birch & oak 
Launched: 2nd December 1853
Owners:  Baines & Co. 
Port of registry:  Liverpool 
Port of survey:  Liverpool 
Voyage: Sailed for Australia 
Collision: With the barque "Shan" in the south Atlantic at lat. 20S and long. 24W., south of the equator. They had stopped to transfer mail.
Beached: On September 25th 1858 blown ashore by a squall, at Kaiwarra beach, Wellington.
Condemned: Remained there until she broke up.

The "Oliver Lang" arrived in Wellington on the 17th ult, after a passage of 92 days.  Had left Gravesend on the 18th June. She brought out 60 cabin and 240 steerage passengers, 30 of whom were for Canterbury. In the S.E. trades she was slightly damaged by collision with a Hamburg barque, and in the parallel of Cape Lewin, she sprung a leak during a heavy gale. Since arriving in Wellington, it is said that she has been kept clear with much difficulty. 

The ship the 'Queen of Beauty' that was to take them to Auckland. This fully rigged wooden Clipper Ship, without engines, was built in St Johns, New Brunswick, by Nevins in 1861 and was 189.9 feet in length and 38.6 feet broad with a depth of 22.9 feet. She weighed 1235 tons gross and 1035 net. (Lloyds Register of Shipping)

James Smith the ship builder of Saint John, N.B. built many fine softwood vessels.
The Marco Polo was built of oak and Canadian softwood in 1851 by James Smith at St. John, New Brunswick, Canada for export to Britain. In total, Smith built 52 ships, he was a prosperous man in the area until his yard suffered a series of setbacks including a terrible fire in 1855 and ship losses. Others ship he built include the Prudence in 1832, Courtenay in 1835, Margaret in 1858, Queen of the Seas, Alfred in 1853, Ben Nevis, Onward in 1850, Australia, Caledonia, New Zealand, Swan and the last was the Palm Tree in 1865. Many of the vessels were 'brokered' through Liverpool, and many sailed the UK - Australia route. James Smith was born in Guernsey in 1802 and was the son of an Irish soldier. After moving to Canada he worked in the forests of New Brunswick and later in the shipyards of Saint John. Mr. Smith began life as most famous builders have done by handling the broad axe in a shipyard, but having a natural aptitude for business, and especially for designing noble ships, he soon went into ship building of his own account. He was the first man who began to build at Courtenay Bay. When Mr. Smith lived in Liverpool some years ago, he found 8 or 9 of his ships in that port. Smith died on March 5th in 1876 in Woodstock, NB. He was 73 years of age. The immediate cause of his death was inflammation of the lungs, the first symptoms of which appeared on Wednesday ; nobody really noticed the passing of this remarkable builder of the "fastest ship in the world." Obituary 6 March 1876. The Daily Telegraph. St. John, N. B. The death was also carried in the Daily News (Saint John) and the Carleton Sentinel (Woodstock). 

Yarmouth County Museum & Archives
Ship Information Database Extracts:
'Oceola' sailed from Halifax, NS to Auckland 20 Nov. 1875 and arrived 22 May 1876.
'Bonito' sailed from New York to Wellington 11 May 1878.

Vessel Name: ARABIA
Official No.: 9001230
City of Construction: Granville
Province of Construction: Nova Scotia
Registration City: Halifax, Nova Scotia
Vessel Rigging Style: Brigantine
Tonnage Gross: 91
Re-registered at Auckland, New Zealand

Vessel Name: BUSTER
Official No.: 85626
City of Construction: Parrsboro
Province of Construction: Nova Scotia
Registration City: Halifax, Nova Scotia
Vessel Rigging Style: Brigantine
Tonnage Net: 253
Construction Material for Hull: Wood
Remarks: Sold at Auckland, New Zealand.

Vessel Name: CABARFEIDH
Registration City: Halifax
Registration Province: Nova Scotia
Vessel Rigging Style: Barque
Tonnage Net: 304
Construction Material for Hull: Wood
Transferred to Auckland, New Zealand

Vessel Name: EILLAN
Official No.: 88217
City of Construction: Port Clyde
Registration City: Halifax, Nova Scotia
Vessel Rigging Style: Brigantine
Tonnage Gross: 269
Tonnage Net: 241
Construction Material for Hull: Wood
Remarks: Transferred to Auckland, New Zealand

Vessel Name: GEORGE HENDERSON
Official No.: 36559
City of Construction: Pugwash
Registration City: Pugwash, Nova Scotia
Vessel Rigging Style: Brig
Tonnage Net: 171
Wrecked at New Zealand as per Annual List of 1860.

Vessel Name: KATHLEEN HILDA
Official No.: 100215
City of Construction: South Maitland
Registration City: Halifax, Nova Scotia
Vessel Rigging Style: Barque
Tonnage Gross: 552
Tonnage Net: 475
Construction Material for Hull: Wood
Sold at Auckland, New Zealand.

Vessel Name: LAKE ERIE
Official No.: 60397
Nationality: Canadian
City of Construction: Glasgow
Registration No.: 15
Country of Construction: Scotland
Registration City: Montreal, Quebec
Vessel Rigging Style: Barque
No. of Masts: 3
Tonnage Gross: 988
Number of Decks: 2
Tonnage Net: 938
Length Reg.: 202
Hull Build: Clinker
Registered Breadth of Vessel: 20
Type of Stern: Round
Construction Material for Hull: Iron
Vessel Mode of Propulsion: Sail
Figurehead of Vessel: Y
Figurehead Description: Demi Woman
Source Reference: Marine Museum of The Great Lakes at Kingston. Public Archives Transferred to Littleton, New Zealand. Registry closed September 18, 1891

Vessel Name: OCEOLA
Official No.: 69150
City of Construction: Canning
Registration City: Halifax, Nova Scotia
Vessel Rigging Style: Brigantine
Tonnage Gross: 244
Tonnage Net: 211
Construction Material for Hull: Wood

Vessel Name: PARNELL
Official No.: 77948
City of Construction: Alberton
Registration City: Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island
Vessel Rigging Style: Brigantine
Tonnage Gross: 367
Tonnage Net: 293
Construction Material for Hull: Wood
Transferred to the Port of Auckland, New Zealand on July 20, 1883.

Vessel Name: PEERLESS
Official No.: 69071
City of Construction: Ecum Secum
Registration City: Halifax, N.S.
Vessel Rigging Style: Brigantine
Tonnage Gross: 291
Tonnage Net: 232
Construction Material for Hull: Wood
Remarks: Re-registered at Auckland, New Zealand in 1879

Vessel Name: STAG
Official No.: 53572
Registration City: Halifax, N.S.
Vessel Rigging Style: Barque
Tonnage Gross: 334
Tonnage Net: 282
Construction Material for Hull: Wood
Re-registered at Auckland, New Zealand

Vessel Name: STANLEY
Official No.: 85376
City of Construction: Parrsboro, Nova Scotia
Registration City: Halifax, Nova Scotia
Vessel Rigging Style: Brigantine
Tonnage Gross: 350
Tonnage Net: 322
Construction Material for Hull: Wood
Remarks: Transferred to Auckland, New Zealand.

Vessel Name: WENONA
Official No.: 85374
City of Construction: Canning, Nova Scotia
Registration City: Halifax, Nova Scotia
Vessel Rigging Style: Barque
Tonnage Gross: 529
Tonnage Net: 459
Construction Material for Hull: Wood
Transferred to the Port of Auckland, New Zealand

TOP


"Alone, alone, all alone.
Alone on a wide, wide sea."

What route would a single 16 year old female take from New Brunswick, Canada to Lyttelton, NZ in 1877?

Some possibilities:
1. Across North America by train to a west coast port of embarkation, probably San Francisco, and onto a trans-Pacific vessel.  I don't know about Canadian transcontinental rail traffic, but in the US the first transcontinental track was completed about 1865.
2.  Down the Atlantic coast to Panama; across Panama before the completion of the Panama Canal in about 1905 by foot, mule, or canoe and then up the Pacific coast by coastal steamer to California (a common route to the California gold rush of 1848 and later);  and then across the pond, the Pacific, to Australia and across the ditch, Tasman Sea, to New Zealand.
3.  By sea all the way around the southern tip of South Africa and wait for a vessel to NZ.
4. A lot of people would go to Halifax and depart.  In the mid 1880s people from NB had strong roots in New England, many of us still do, coming from Loyalist stock so another possibility is that the young girl might travel to Boston and leave from there.  The port of Saint John was and is the largest port in New Brunswick.  Ships also made stops at St. Andrews upon leaving the Bay of Fundy.  But there is a large group of Irish descendants in the Mirimichi region of New Brunswick and many came through the port of Newcastle - another smaller port on the Northumberland Strait. If she lived in that area, she may have departed from Newcastle.
5. Maybe back to England and departed for NZ as a servant to a cabin passenger so not an assisted immigrant and this might explain why her name does not appear in any passenger list in New Zealand. She was born to Irish parents in New Brunswick, CAN.
6. The Burke family travelled from Ireland to New York to San Francisco, Sydney Australia, Kandavau, Fiji, Auckland, Napier to Wellington, New Zealand  June 1876

Mary Alexandra O'CONNOR b. 1861/1864 NB; d/o John O'CONNOR, an artist, b IRE and Elizabeth BLOOMFIELD.  Mary immigrated to New Zealand in 1877. Why couldn't her father, John O'Connor, have an unusual surname?


Waimate Advertiser March 11 1899
Obituary- Genuine regret was felt throughout Waimate on Tuesday when it was made known that by the Vancouver mail news arrived of the death of Mr Alpheus Hayes, of Centrewood. This sad event occurred on the 3rd Jan., the cause of death being typhoid fever, complicated towards the latter end with scurvy. Mr Hayes was taken ill about the beginning of November, 1898, and not getting any better he was on the 17th Dec. removed to St Mary's Hospital. Dawson City, under the charge of Mr. John R. Whitelaw, who formed one of the little crowd of New Zealanders who left this country for the Klondyke goldfields about 12 months ago and accompanied Mr Hayes throughout the journey, Mr Whitelaw appears on this sad occasion to have behaved with all the humanity and friendly care that could be exhibited. During his illness Mr Hayes was attended by Dr Macfarlane, an Edinburgh physician of high standing. Two house surgeons were also present at the end, and that it is certain that all possible was done, but without avail. The body was interred in the Methodist cemetery on Jan. 6th. Unfortunately Mr D. Henderson, who accompanied Mr Hayes from Waimate, was during this time living at Stewart 70 miles from Dawson, so that he had no actual friend with him at the last. Mr Hayes was born in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1847. He was educated in that city and afterwards went to Montreal to study for the ministry. Ill-health compelled him to leave Canada and he went to Glasgow, studying there and at Greenock for a year. In 1871 he came to New Zealand in the Wild Deer, and secured employment at the Rangitata bridge. His knowledge of timber soon obtaining him a good positioned.  He was often sent to Waimate Bush, and he went there at the end of 1871 and started sawmills.  He succeeded well till 1878 when the bush fire threw him back greatly. However, he kept the business going and also opened mills at Mabel Bush in Southland and branch businesses in Timaru and Ashburton. He kept a brigantine and a schooner running timber from the south. Later on he sold out of the timber business and took to farming, dividing his attention between his runs at Centrewood, Waimate, and Normanvale, Hakataramea. At the end of February, 1893, Mr Hayes left Waimate on a trip to Canada, intending to go from thence to Klondyke, and return in May, 1899, but providence ordered otherwise. Mr Hayes was a prominent figure in local Borough and County Councils, a member of the Waimate High School Board and other local bodies. He was also chairman of the Timaru Harbour Board at the time of his departure. He was a member of the Wesleyan Church, a Mason, and was an enthusiastic sportsman. He had twice unsuccessfully contested the Waimate seat at the General Election. The late Mr Hayes leaves a widow. two daughters, and five sons, and the greatest sympathy is felt for then in their great trouble. Confirmatory news of his death has been received through the Masonic Lodge from one of the fraternity belonging to a Manitoba Lodge, who was on the field.

Hayes, Myrtle Anna. From the Toss of a Coin : The Story of Alpheus Hayes & Normanvale (Station), South Canterbury. Christchurch : Pegasus, 1978. 159p

David Henderson and family departed Prince Edward Island and arrived in Waimate, South Canterbury 1879.

Dawson City Museum Pan for Gold Database Search keyword Zealand
Kiwi Canucks broken link wayback


American Lloyd's Register of American and Foreign Shipping 1859 -1883 & Record of American and Foreign Shipping 1883-1900
Canadian Immigration info.

1881 Canadian Census / Ontario [he was also on the 1871 census age 4]
Victor M. SMITH Household
Birth Year 1866
Birthplace New Zealand
Age 15
Ethnic Origin English
Head of Household James W. SMITH
Religion Baptist
Census Place St Patrick's Ward, Toronto, York, Ontario
Family History Library Film 1375883 NA Film Number C-13247
District 134 Sub-district H Division 3
Page Number 157 Household Number 798

Census of Ontario, 1871
Stray: Individual bears a different surname than the head of the family
Name Given Name Age Place of Birth District Sub-district
1. HOBBS, Maude age 6, b. New Zealand, YORK WEST York West Origin: IRISH Religion: COE
2. LABITZKY, Mary, age  39, born New Zealand, Toronto West, St. John's Ward, Teacher Origin: German,  RC
3. SMITH, Victor, age 4, b. New Zealand, Toronto East, St. James' Ward Religion: Baptist Origin: CANADIAN

Over the years we have treated the ocean like a pantry and a toilet.
Why is a bridal journey like a sea voyage? Because it is a marry-time excursion.

This page was updated on 15 January 2013