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Arrival of the JAMES WISHART 

New Zealand Bound

from The Daily Southern Cross Tuesday 7 July, 1874 page 3 �

 The image below is off the wonderful NZ National Libraries website  'Papers Past' - a NZ National Library website. 

Port of Auckland
Arrived - July 5 - Port of Auckland. James Wishart, barque, 775 tons, Groundwater, from London (Gravesend, March 20).
Passengers:- Dr. and Mrs Warner; and immigrants (as per list below) - N.Z. Shipping Co., agents.

Arrival of the James Wishart

This fine iron barque arrived in harbour about 8 o'clock on Sunday morning from London, with immigrants, and anchored off the wharf. She was brought up to port by Captain Burgess, and was, shortly after coming to anchor, boarded by Dr. Philson, Health Officer, and Mr Ellis, Immigration Officer. The Health Officer having examined the passengers and made the usual inspection of the internal fittings and accommodation, passed the vessel. The immigrants seem to be of a superior class to that usually brought out, and we are pleased to state that there are no complaints against either the captain or the surgeon-superintendent of the vessel - Dr. W.E. Warner. The James Wishart is an iron vessel of 775 tons register, and was built at Leith, where she belongs, being owned by the firm Messrs. William Thompson and Co.. She has been mostly engaged in the China and Indian trade, and this is the first trip she has made to the colony having been chartered on this occasion by the New Zealand Shipping Company. The immigrants were landed on Monday from the vessel. 

Voyage Account

Captain Groundwater supplied our reporter with the following particulars of the passage, which he describes as fine throughout the voyage:- Left Gravesend on the 20th March, and Plymouth on the 25th, having been ordered in there in consequence of there being a case of measles on board. After leaving Plymouth southerly winds were met with, light trades; on the 23rd April crossed the Equator in long, 26.10, and had moderate S.E. trades with fine weather; the barque ran down her easting in about 47 and 48 S. lat, not reaching further south than 49; lost the trades on 7th May. Rounded the Cape of Good Hope on the 14th May. Was in the latitude of the south of Tasmanian on the 22nd ult. The barque made the land on Tuesday week, and rounded the North Cape on Thursday morning. The immigrants were remarkably healthily on the voyage and they behaved themselves well. The deaths on board between May 3 and June 22 were eight, including seven infants and a young woman named Ellen Wilks, aged 21; there were four births, on being still born. Several cases measles occurred on the March 17, but the disease was thoroughly eradicated. All told, there are now on board the vessel 278 souls, among then 219 adults. There is only one case of bronchitis on board beyond one or two trifling cases of sickness. We learn that after discharge of her cargo here, the James Wishart will sail for Portland, Oregon. Mr G.M. Reed, Provincial Treasurer, also visited the ship and the Queen of Nations. The following is the list of immigrants brought by her:-

Passenger List
James Wishart, barque, 775 tons, arrived Auckland July 5 1874. NZ Shipping Co. agents.

Warner 		Dr W.E.
Warner 		Mrs
Bayliss 	Mr John
Bayliss 	Mrs Harriet
Bayliss 	children five
Bayne 		Mr Walter
Bayne 		Mrs Mary
Bayne 		Theresa
Bayne 		children two
Beith 		Mr John F
Beith 		Mrs Elizabeth
Beith 		children three
Best 		Mr Richard
Best 		Mrs Bridget
Best 		children six
Blakeley 	Mr Robert
Blakeley 	Mrs Harriet
Blakeley 	children two
Brown 		Mr Henry 
Brown 		Mrs Mary
Brown 		child one
Butler 		Mr Charles II
Butler 		Mrs Mary A
Butler 		child one
Cannor 		Mr Henry
Cannor 		Mrs Harriet
Cannor 		children three
Chapman 	Mr George
Chapman 	Mrs Cordelia
Chapman 	child one
Chasney 	Mr Francis
Chasney 	Mrs Rebecca
Clews 		Mr Samuel
Clews 		Mrs Sarah A
Clews 		children three
Dempsey 	Mr James
Dempsey 	Mrs Mary
Dempsey 	child one
Drivsell 	Mr John
Drivsell 	Mrs Edith
Filstead 	Mr Henry
Forman 		Mr Thomas
Forman 		Mrs Mary Ann
Forman 		children two
Fox 		Mr Robert
Fox 		Mrs Sarah
Fox 		children five
Giles 		Mr Charles
Giles 		Mrs Sarah
Giles 		children three
Good 		Mr Thomas
Good 		Mrs Jane
Good 		children two
Griffin 	Mr Edward
Griffin 	Mrs Elizabeth
Griffin 	children two
Harding 	Mr Frederick
Harding 	Mrs Sarah
Harding 	Miss Wilhelmina R
Harding 	Miss Rachel O
Harding 	Miss Nora A
Harding 	Mansell J
Harding 	children two
Haynes 		Mr W H
Haynes 		Mrs Caroline
Haynes 		children two
Hayward 	Mr Josiah
Hayward 	Mrs Mary A
Herlick 	Mr William
Herlick 	Mrs Harriet
Herlick 	children two
Hill 		Mr Alfred J
Hill 		Mrs Francis M
Hill 		children two
Hoft 		Mr Joachin
Hoft 		Mrs Margaretta
Hoft 		children five
Hoft 		Henrich
Hoft 		Fritz
Houghan 	Mr Joseph
Houghan 	Mrs Martha
Hurle 		Mr Henry
Hurle 		Mrs Agnes
Hurle 		children three
Kessel 		Mr Josiah
Kessel 		Mrs Emma
Kessel 		child one
MacDonald 	Mr Henry
MacDonald 	Mrs Jane
MacDonald 	St Clair
MacDonald 	children three
March 		Mr Stephen
March 		Mrs Jane
March 		child one
Marchmount 	Mr James
Marchmount 	Mrs Sarah
Massey 		Mr Josiah
Massey 		Mrs Eliza
Massey		Miss Mary E
Massey 		Miss Louisa
Massey 		children two
McCall		Mr William
McCall		Margaret
McCarthy 	Mr Jeremiah
McCarthy 	Mrs Mary
McCarthy 	John
McCarthy 	Jeremiah
McCarthy 	children four
Middleton 	Mr William
Middleton 	Mrs Betsy
Middleton 	children two
Moriarty 	Mr Morris
Moriarty 	Mrs Ellen
Moriarty 	children three
Nixon 		Mr John F
Nixon 		Mrs Elizabeth
Nixon 		Alfred
Nixon 		children three
Ryan 		Mary
Sayers 		Mr William
Sayers 		Mrs Louisa
Sayers 		William J
Sayers 		children five
Simms 		Mr Robert
Simms 		Mrs Mary
Simms 		children two
Small 		Mr Charles F
Small 		Mrs Kate
Small 		children two
Smith 		Mr William
Smith 		Mrs Eliza
Smith 		children seven
Smith 		Mr Frederick
Smith 		Mrs Sophia
Smith 		children four
Taylor 		Mr Robert
Taylor 		Mrs Esther A
Taylor 		Samuel
Taylor 		Eliza
Taylor 		child one
Taylor 		Mr Frederick
Taylor 		Mrs Catherine
Taylor 		Mr Goddard
Taylor 		Mrs Martha
Taylor 		child one
Thomas 		Mr Jabez I
Thomas 		Mrs Eliza
Thomas 		Mr W A
Watts 		Mr John
Webster 	Mr Charles A
Webster 	Mrs Amy
Webster 	children three
Williams 	Mr Richard
Williams 	Mrs Miriam E
Williams 	Mr Stephen
Williams 	Mrs Sarah
Williams 	child one

Single Men (49)
Allison 	George
Allison 	Joseph
Baldwin 	Arthur
Bantes 		John 
Bedwell 	Thomas
Blum 		Robert
Britschon 	Carl
Burnham 	Thomas
Campbell 	John
Clarke 		William
Clews 		John
Collett 	William
Curry 		Charles
Curry 		Edwin
Curtis 		William
Daurent 	Emile
Doyle 		Patrick
Everton 	William
Fieldsend 	Albert
Fowler 		George
Hall 		Frederick
Hancock 	George
Hassell 	Thomas D
Heron 		Thomas
Herbert 	H A
Maggs 		William C
Mankleton 	William J
Mankleton 	Stephen J
Mill 		John
Moll 		Arthur
Murray 		Richard
Otto 		F. Fraig
Pyne 		Jeremiah
Redsull 	H E
Rurapietro 	Fav
Rushbridge 	George
Steed 		William
Sullivan 	Josiah
Taglioni 	Giovanni
Thomas 		J E
Tron 		R
Tron 		W
Walff 		Heinrich
Watts 		William
White 		William
Willks 		Albert
Willard 	George
Winter	 	Josiah
Wright 		Robert H

Single Women (10)
Derrick 	Mary
Hannefrau 	Kate
Howorth 	Elizabeth
Nailer 		Emma
Patteson 	Fanny
Peckham 	Martha
Pickering 	Eliza
Warren 		Eliza
Wilks 		Ellen age 21 [died on board]
Wilks 		Eliza

The Differences:

Where did the newspaper shipping journalist obtain his numbers??
This was not a disembarkation list as Ellen who died on board is listed.
308 souls are listed in the newspaper column transcribed above. Deduct 8 deaths, equals 300.
The Southern Cross newspaper article reads 278 onboard not 300. Why a difference of 22 passengers?
178 adults counted in the above list on this web page; the newspaper article quotes 219 adults. Again a difference of 41.
New Zealand Herald 6 July 1874 - With 48 married men, 48 married women, 60 single men,19 single women, 48 male children, 40 female children,15 infants.  Equals 216 adults. [Total 278 souls.] There were 196 English passengers, 47 Irish passengers, 12 Scottish, 18 from Germany, 4 from France and 1 from Guernsey. [Total 278 souls.] [Both newspapers agree with total souls but actually there are 22 more souls. Why?]

Auckland Library site Auckland inward passenger arrivals (1840-1886 from newspapers )
To obtain a full alphabetical listing just enter the name of the ship and the year.
James Wishart  1874
The source for the Auckland Library site listing was the New Zealand Herald 6 July 1874. There are fifteen surname and Christian spelling variations compared to the list above from the The Daily Southern Cross newspaper:

FORAM 		Mary 
HARDING 	Williamina R 
KESSEL 		Child Josiah, E 
MCCARTHY 	John Jeramiah 
NAILOR 		Emma 
OTTO 		F Craig 
TAGWONI 	Giovanni 

The two cabin passengers were not listed on the Auckland Library site and two other passenger names were missing:

Warner Dr W.E.
Warner Mrs
McCall Margaret
Sayers Mrs Louisa

The iron barque James Wishart was built in 1864 in Leith and owned by the firm Messrs. William Thompson and Co. was chartered for her first voyage to New Zealand in 1874 by the New Zealand Shipping Company from the Ben Line. She took 106 days from Gravesend. For her second voyage out she was chartered by Shaw Savill Company. She made four voyages out to New Zealand 1874-84 with immigrants. William Thomson, Sr. had married Sarah Wishart in 1836 whose father was a Leith merchant. The old respectable house of James Wishart and Sons had their offices and warehouses in Queen St, Leith, the outport for Edinburgh, Scotland. William started to build up the shipping line on his own. In 1860 William Thomson reached the age of fifty-four and his eldest son, William was offered and accepted a one third partnership in the business. Two years later his youngest son James Wishart Thomson was offered the same terms, he also accepted.


Frederick Hardinge was born in Dublin Ireland in 1815 to William Hardinge [HM Treasurer] and Sarah Maunsell. He enlisted into the army in 1839 at Maidstone and spent 16 years in India and in South Africa.  In 1856 he married Sarah Pope [b. 1833 in Cawnpore, India] in the Tower of London Chapel. After marriage he spent more time serving in the army at Prince Edward Island, Bermuda, and Nova Scotia. It was here that they lost six of their 15 children. Maybe this was the catalyst that made them decide to try there luck in New Zealand.

On March 16th 1874 Frederick and his family sailed from Tilbury Docks on the "James Wishart". After leaving Gravesend on 20th March, the ship put back to Portsmouth because of an out break of measles. After all the passengers were inoculated they finally sailed on the 25th March, the voyage 110 days, 97 days land to land. Frederick occupied himself as a school teacher to all the children on board. For this the shipping company paid him the sum of five pounds.

On the 27 June 1874 tragedy stuck this family again. Their daughter Josephine Marie died at 10 am and was buried at sea Latitude 47-20, Longitude 128-50 in the great Pacific Ocean. Sarah always blamed the inoculation for her death.  Sarah would not let the two children born in New Zealand have any vaccinations because of her fear.
    Things didn't go too well for Frederick in New Zealand either. He was never able to obtain suitable work. In a letter to Governor Grey he pleads for assistance as he was not able to do manual work because of the wound he sustained to his chest [shot] and the sabre wound to his head. They did have two more children in New Zealand and remained here. Frederick died 29th Sept. 1901 and is buried on Wilson's Farm at Tangiteroria and Sarah died 23rd Feb. 1889 and is buried in the grounds of the 'First Church' in Whangarei.

Information courtesy of Jeannette Sorensen. Posted 8 April 2006.


Charles Abraham Webster was born on 21 August 1841 at Clerkenwell, England. He was the son of Charles John Webster, a goldsmith and jeweller. Based on information in his obituary, Charles Abraham had an adventurous life. He was a seafarer who had been twice shipwrecked once in the UK off Flamborough Head in the UK loosing everything. On another occasion he and two others rowed a boat 600 miles down the coast off Chile before they were rescued. He then worked for the Great Northern Railway Company. About June 1865 he married Amy Dickins in London. Amy was born in Skirbeck Quarter, Boston, Lincolnshire. They had 5 children in England, but two of these died within a year of birth. In 1874 Charles and Amy, both 37 years of age, emigrated from the UK with three children Charles John 7, Cecilia 5, and Martha 1 on the James Wishart, bound for Auckland, New Zealand. Their passage was paid for and the cost to the NZ government was 50 pounds 15 shillings. On 2 June 1874, the eldest child Charles John died and was buried at sea. According to the inspectors report his death was most likely cause by diarrhoea. So Charles and Amy arrived in New Zealand with two daughters. Cecilia married Edward John Wakefield in 1891. They lived at St. George's Bay, Auckland. She died in 1932 aged 63. Martha was a nurse and midwife and delivered many, many babies in the Auckland area. Shortly after Charles and Amy arrived in New Zealand another son, Charles John Webster, was born, named after the one who had died. He became a jeweller.  Interestingly, two other sons Thomas George Webster and Ernest Benjamin Webster were also jewellers, seemingly following in the footsteps of their English grandfather. It is not known what Charles Abraham did for the first four years in New Zealand. The immigration record lists his trade and a fitter and an English census list his occupation as a gas fitter. In 1874 he entered the New Zealand Railways Service as a signal man. He was a foundation member of the Amalgamated Society of Railway Servants which was founded in 1886. Another son, Henry, also worked for the NZ Railways. Their 5th son, born in New Zealand, William Edward Webster, was an accountant and partner in the Auckland Customs and Fowarding Agency W E Anderson Ltd. Ernest Benjamin, known as Babs, was a renowned sailor on the Auckland harbour. He purchased the 28 ft Keeler "Maybelle", originally built by Logan Brothers in 1890, in 1915. Babs and the Maybelle dominated the E class keeler events for so many years that he and his yacht became perhaps one of the best known partnerships in NZ Yachting. Babs sailed Maybelle up until the time of his death in 1970.

Information courtesy of Darryl Fallow. Posted 11 October 2014

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