from The Daily Southern Cross Tuesday 7 July, 1874 page 3
Port of Auckland
Arrived - July 5 - Port of Auckland. James Wishart, barque, 775 tons, Groundwater, from London (Gravesend, March 20).
Passengers:- Dr. and Mrs Warner; and immigrants (as per list below) - N.Z. Shipping Co., agents.
Arrival of the James Wishart
This fine iron barque arrived in harbour about 8 o'clock on Sunday morning from London, with immigrants, and anchored off the wharf. She was brought up to port by Captain Burgess, and was, shortly after coming to anchor, boarded by Dr. Philson, Health Officer, and Mr Ellis, Immigration Officer. The Health Officer having examined the passengers and made the usual inspection of the internal fittings and accommodation, passed the vessel. The immigrants seem to be of a superior class to that usually brought out, and we are pleased to state that there are no complaints against either the captain or the surgeon-superintendent of the vessel - Dr. W.E. Warner. The James Wishart is an iron vessel of 775 tons register, and was built at Leith, where she belongs, being owned by the firm Messrs. William Thompson and Co.. She has been mostly engaged in the China and Indian trade, and this is the first trip she has made to the colony having been chartered on this occasion by the New Zealand Shipping Company. The immigrants were landed on Monday from the vessel.
Captain Groundwater supplied our reporter with the following particulars of the passage, which he describes as fine throughout the voyage:- Left Gravesend on the 20th March, and Plymouth on the 25th, having been ordered in there in consequence of there being a case of measles on board. After leaving Plymouth southerly winds were met with, light trades; on the 23rd April crossed the Equator in long, 26.10, and had moderate S.E. trades with fine weather; the barque ran down her easting in about 47 and 48 S. lat, not reaching further south than 49; lost the trades on 7th May. Rounded the Cape of Good Hope on the 14th May. Was in the latitude of the south of Tasmanian on the 22nd ult. The barque made the land on Tuesday week, and rounded the North Cape on Thursday morning. The immigrants were remarkably healthily on the voyage and they behaved themselves well. The deaths on board between May 3 and June 22 were eight, including seven infants and a young woman named Ellen Wilks, aged 21; there were four births, on being still born. Several cases measles occurred on the March 17, but the disease was thoroughly eradicated. All told, there are now on board the vessel 278 souls, among then 219 adults. There is only one case of bronchitis on board beyond one or two trifling cases of sickness. We learn that after discharge of her cargo here, the James Wishart will sail for Portland, Oregon. Mr G.M. Reed, Provincial Treasurer, also visited the ship and the Queen of Nations. The following is the list of immigrants brought by her:-
James Wishart, barque, 775 tons, arrived Auckland July 5 1874. NZ Shipping Co. agents.
Passengers. Warner Dr W.E. Warner MrsImmigrants Bayliss Mr John Bayliss Mrs Harriet Bayliss children five Bayne Mr Walter Bayne Mrs Mary Bayne Theresa Bayne children two Beith Mr John F Beith Mrs Elizabeth Beith children three Best Mr Richard Best Mrs Bridget Best children six Blakeley Mr Robert Blakeley Mrs Harriet Blakeley children two Brown Mr Henry Brown Mrs Mary Brown child one Butler Mr Charles II Butler Mrs Mary A Butler child one Cannor Mr Henry Cannor Mrs Harriet Cannor children three Chapman Mr George Chapman Mrs Cordelia Chapman child one Chasney Mr Francis Chasney Mrs Rebecca Clews Mr Samuel Clews Mrs Sarah A Clews children three Dempsey Mr James Dempsey Mrs Mary Dempsey child one Drivsell Mr John Drivsell Mrs Edith Filstead Mr Henry Forman Mr Thomas Forman Mrs Mary Ann Forman children two Fox Mr Robert Fox Mrs Sarah Fox children five Giles Mr Charles Giles Mrs Sarah Giles children three Good Mr Thomas Good Mrs Jane Good children two Griffin Mr Edward Griffin Mrs Elizabeth Griffin children two Harding Mr Frederick Harding Mrs Sarah Harding Miss Wilhelmina R Harding Miss Rachel O Harding Miss Nora A Harding Mansell J Harding children two Haynes Mr W H Haynes Mrs Caroline Haynes children two Hayward Mr Josiah Hayward Mrs Mary A Herlick Mr William Herlick Mrs Harriet Herlick children two Hill Mr Alfred J Hill Mrs Francis M Hill children two Hoft Mr Joachin Hoft Mrs Margaretta Hoft children five Hoft Henrich Hoft Fritz Houghan Mr Joseph Houghan Mrs Martha Hurle Mr Henry Hurle Mrs Agnes Hurle children three Kessel Mr Josiah Kessel Mrs Emma Kessel child one MacDonald Mr Henry MacDonald Mrs Jane MacDonald St Clair MacDonald children three March Mr Stephen March Mrs Jane March child one Marchmount Mr James Marchmount Mrs Sarah Massey Mr Josiah Massey Mrs Eliza Massey Miss Mary E Massey Miss Louisa Massey children two McCall Mr William McCall Margaret McCarthy Mr Jeremiah McCarthy Mrs Mary McCarthy John McCarthy Jeremiah McCarthy children four Middleton Mr William Middleton Mrs Betsy Middleton children two Moriarty Mr Morris Moriarty Mrs Ellen Moriarty children three Nixon Mr John F Nixon Mrs Elizabeth Nixon Alfred Nixon children three Ryan Mary Sayers Mr William Sayers Mrs Louisa Sayers William J Sayers children five Simms Mr Robert Simms Mrs Mary Simms children two Small Mr Charles F Small Mrs Kate Small children two Smith Mr William Smith Mrs Eliza Smith children seven Smith Mr Frederick Smith Mrs Sophia Smith children four Taylor Mr Robert Taylor Mrs Esther A Taylor Samuel Taylor Eliza Taylor child one Taylor Mr Frederick Taylor Mrs Catherine Taylor Mr Goddard Taylor Mrs Martha Taylor child one Thomas Mr Jabez I Thomas Mrs Eliza Thomas Mr W A Watts Mr John Webster Mr Charles H Webster Mrs Amy Webster children three Williams Mr Richard Williams Mrs Miriam E Williams Mr Stephen Williams Mrs Sarah Williams child one Single Men (49) Allison George Allison Joseph Baldwin Arthur Bantes John Bedwell Thomas Blum Robert Britschon Carl Burnham Thomas Campbell John Clarke William Clews John Collett William Curry Charles Curry Edwin Curtis William Daurent Emile Doyle Patrick Everton William Fieldsend Albert Fowler George Hall Frederick Hancock George Hassell Thomas D Heron Thomas Herbert H A Maggs William C Mankleton William J Mankleton Stephen J Mill John Moll Arthur Murray Richard Otto F. Fraig Pyne Jeremiah Redsull H E Rurapietro Fav Rushbridge George Steed William Sullivan Josiah Taglioni Giovanni Thomas J E Tron R Tron W Walff Heinrich Watts William White William Willks Albert Willard George Winter Josiah Wright Robert H Single Women (10) Derrick Mary Hannefrau Kate Howorth Elizabeth Nailer Emma Patteson Fanny Peckham Martha Pickering Eliza Warren Eliza Wilks Ellen age 21 [died on board] Wilks Eliza
Where did the newspaper shipping journalist obtain his numbers??
This was not a disembarkation list as Ellen who died on board is listed.
308 souls are listed in the newspaper column transcribed above. Deduct 8 deaths, equals 300.
The Southern Cross newspaper article reads 278 onboard not 300. Why a difference of 22 passengers?
178 adults counted in the above list on this web page; the newspaper article quotes 219 adults. Again a difference of 41.
New Zealand Herald 6 July 1874 - With 48 married men, 48 married women, 60 single men,19 single women, 48 male children, 40 female children,15 infants. Equals 216 adults. [Total 278 souls.] There were 196 English passengers, 47 Irish passengers, 12 Scottish, 18 from Germany, 4 from France and 1 from Guernsey. [Total 278 souls.] [Both newspapers agree with total souls but actually there are 22 more souls. Why?]
Auckland Library site Auckland inward passenger arrivals (1840-1886 from newspapers )
To obtain a full alphabetical listing just enter the name of the ship and the year. James Wishart 1874
The source for the Auckland Library site listing was the New Zealand Herald 6 July 1874. There are fifteen surname and Christian spelling variations compared to the list above from the The Daily Southern Cross newspaper:
BANTER BLAKELY CANNON DEMPSEY Marie FORAM Mary GRIFFIN Eliza HARDING Fred K HARDING Williamina R KESSEL Child Josiah, E LAURENT Emile MARCHMONT MCCARTHY John Jeramiah NAILOR Emma OTTO F Craig TAGWONI Giovanni
The two cabin passengers were not listed on the Auckland Library site and two other passenger names were missing:
Warner Dr W.E. Warner Mrs McCall Margaret Sayers Mrs Louisa
The iron barque James Wishart was built in 1864 in Leith and owned by the firm Messrs. William Thompson and Co. was chartered for her first voyage to New Zealand in 1874 by the New Zealand Shipping Company from the Ben Line. She took 106 days from Gravesend. For her second voyage out she was chartered by Shaw Savill Company. She made four voyages out to New Zealand 1874-84 with immigrants. William Thomson, Sr. had married Sarah Wishart in 1836 whose father was a Leith merchant. The old respectable house of James Wishart and Sons had their offices and warehouses in Queen St, Leith, the outport for Edinburgh, Scotland. William started to build up the shipping line on his own. In 1860 William Thomson reached the age of fifty-four and his eldest son, William was offered and accepted a one third partnership in the business. Two years later his youngest son James Wishart Thomson was offered the same terms, he also accepted.
Frederick Hardinge was born in Dublin Ireland in 1815 to William Hardinge [HM Treasurer] and Sarah Maunsell. He enlisted into the army in 1839 at Maidstone and spent 16 years in India and in South Africa. In 1856 he married Sarah Pope [b. 1833 in Cawnpore, India] in the Tower of London Chapel. After marriage he spent more time serving in the army at Prince Edward Island, Bermuda, and Nova Scotia. It was here that they lost six of their 15 children. Maybe this was the catalyst that made them decide to try there luck in New Zealand.
On March 16th 1874 Frederick and his family sailed from Tilbury Docks on the "James Wishart". After leaving Gravesend on 20th March, the ship put back to Portsmouth because of an out break of measles. After all the passengers were inoculated they finally sailed on the 25th March, the voyage 110 days, 97 days land to land. Frederick occupied himself as a school teacher to all the children on board. For this the shipping company paid him the sum of five pounds.
On the 27 June 1874 tragedy stuck this family again. Their daughter Josephine Marie died at 10 am and was buried at sea Latitude 47-20, Longitude 128-50 in the great Pacific Ocean. Sarah always blamed the inoculation for her death. Sarah would not let the two children born in New Zealand have any vaccinations because of her fear.
Things didn't go too well for Frederick in New Zealand either. He was never able to obtain suitable work. In a letter to Governor Grey he pleads for assistance as he was not able to do manual work because of the wound he sustained to his chest [shot] and the sabre wound to his head. They did have two more children in New Zealand and remained here. Frederick died 29th Sept. 1901 and is buried on Wilson's Farm at Tangiteroria and Sarah died 23rd Feb. 1889 and is buried in the grounds of the 'First Church' in Whangarei.
Information courtesy of Jeannette Sorensen. Posted 8 April 2006.
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