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The vessel comes into harbour, alow and aloft, neat and trim, not even having broken a single spar or rope yarn during the passage. She will load at this port as the first wool ship leaving of the season.

Otago Witness Saturday 29 October 1870 page 12
Port Chalmers, N.Z. Arrival
Oct. 26 - James Nicol Fleming, ship, 992 tons, Logan, from Glasgow, Scotland. Cargills and McLean, agents.

Burnside 	Mr R.A.
Cargill 	Misses (2)
Carrick 	Mr W
Duff 		Mr W
Griffiths 	Mr and Mrs and family (9)
Hallssell 	Mr J
Holden 		Mr R
Mander 		Mrs
Mander 		Misses (4)
Robertson 	Miss
Robertson 	Mr R
Robertson 	Mr G. S.
Smith 		Misses (2)
Strang 		Mr A.
Woodside 	Mr R
and 193 in the steerage

After a smart passage of 83 days from Greenock, with passengers, emigrants and cargo the James Nicol Fleming still under command of the well known and esteemed pioneer Messrs Patrick Henderson and Co.'s fleet to this port, Captain Logan. The health of all was good, and well looked after by Dr M. Kenzie, her surgeon. He wished them "God speed" in their adopted land. The Geelong towed the vessel up to a convenient anchorage shortly before 6 a.m. yesterday and her passengers and luggage were conveyed to Dunedin by a twelve o'clock trip of the p.s. Golden Age. The Fleming brings 222 passengers in all equal to 195 statute adults. On the 3rd day out, August 6th, a steerage passenger, James Abernathy, died of pleuro-pneumonia, leaving a widow and eleven children to mourn his loss. On October the 7th, Augustus Watter of heart disease. On the 11th October, however, Mrs Alexander McPherson, a steerage passenger, gave birth to a male child and who will probably be named "The Fleming McPherson."
From the ship's log: The ship weighed anchor from Tail of the Bank off Greenock at 2 p.m. on the 3rd August, and was taken in tow. At 6.30 am on the 4th, after passing Rathlin, the tug and pilot left her with alight E.N.E. breeze. Took final departure on the following day from Annareore Lighthouse. Had fine light weather and calms to the N E Trades - caught in lat. 31.20 N., on the 19th and parted with on the 27th in lat. 13 42 N. and long. 26. 40 W. ... The Equator was crossed on the 5th of September, in long 26 45 W. and the Trades parted with in lat. 24 28 S. The meridian of Greenwich was crossed on the 24th, and the at of the Cape on the 27th. She rounded the Snares on Sunday, the 23rd inst. at 6 a m., and was off the Nuggets at 8 p.m. same day. She was inspected, previous to clearing inwards. Summary of the inspector's report... The ship came into harbour in a very clean and creditable condition. ...  On the passengers leaving the ship they gave three hearty cheers to the crew, which were heartily responded to by the tars.

The 'James Nicol Fleming' sailed from Glasgow, Scotland on 3rd August 1870 and arrived Dunedin, New Zealand October 26, 1870, 83 days port to port under the command of Capt. Peter Logan.  Otago Provincial Government Gazette.[Partial passenger listing, 59 names, out of 193, passengers.]

Surname Name Address Occupation
Allan Lexy Langside Glasgow Domestic Servant
Angus James Green of Udny Aberdeenshire Farm Servant
Mrs Jane
Beattie James Patrick Glasgow Farm Servant
Benjamin Carolina 14 West Port Edinburgh Domestic Servant
Bruce John 3 Trafalgar Square Leith Plumber
Carson Alexander Donaghadee Co. Down Labourer
Mrs Sarah
Crowley Ann Rathconnell Mullingar Domestic Servant
Ferguson Mary 18 Thistle St. Aberdeen Domestic Servant
Gardner Andrew Artizan Court Dumbarton Farm Labourer
Gardner Mrs Sarah
Garry Margaret Mullingar Westmeath Domestic Servant
Gibson Isabella Schoolhouse, Lonmay, Aberdeen Domestic Servant
Hay Ann c/o Mr Baikie Kirkwall Domestic Servant
Jardine John Heck by Locherbie Porter
Kearney Patrick Downs Mullingar Farm Servant
Kelman James Ewan Place Banchory Blacksmith
Mrs Mary
Lawson Ann 3 Eton Terrace Edinburgh Domestic Servant
Lees James 11 East Market St. Glasgow Baker
McDermot Thomas Gortmore Ireland Farm Labourer
McGeoch Patrick 19 George St, Glasgow Fisherman
McGeoch Sarah 79 George St. Stranraer Domestic Servant
McMillan Elizabeth Co. Down, Ireland Domestic Servant
Agnes Domestic Servant
McPherson Alexander Braemore Dunbeath Shepherd
Mrs Alexander
McPherson Mrs, Baremore Dunbeath
Neil Shepherd
Marwick Hugh Rousay Kirkwall Carpenter
Mrs Lydia
Moore Margaret 6 Oxford Lane Glasgow Housekeeper
Morrison Willaim 37 Stirling Square Glasgow Farm Servant
Muir James Queensrig Orkney Farm Servant
Lucy Housekeeper
Paterson Isabella Langside Glasgow Domestic Servant
Porter William 5 Brewery Lane Dumbarton Farm Serveant
Smith James High St Dundee Bricklayer
Mrs Margaret

The 'James Nicol Fleming', 993 tons, made nine voyages from Glasgow to Dunedin, Otago, NZ and three from London to Dunedin and the average outward passages was 86� days between the years 1869-1881.  In 1873 she ran out to Dunedin from Glasgow in 71 days, anchorage to anchorage, or 69� days land to land.  This places her third on the list for the record passage to Dunedin, the Westland coming first, and the Scimitar (Rangatiki) second.  She was a composite clipper ship, top strake and bulwarks were iron, wooden bottom with pure copper sheathing, built in 1869 by Duncan of Glasgow for Patrick Henderson's Albion Shipping Company and was a sister ship to the 'Otago'.  In 1879 she was renamed the 'Napier'.  The change came because Fleming was a director of the City of Glasgow Bank which failed in September 1879.  He was imprisoned for a year and retired to Campbelltown.  The 'Margaret Galbraith' was possibly named after his wife's maiden name. References: White Wings Vol. 1 by Sir Henry Brett & The Colonial Clippers by Basil Lubbock

Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington has a photograph of the 'James Nicol Fleming' a three masted vessel at a wharf with a hill nearby.

McMillen, Elizabeth b. 1844 daughter of James McMillen and Elizabeth (nee Legge) farmer of Bangor, County Down, Ireland.  Rev. William Gillies married Eliza McMillen and William MacAndrew 1 December 1871 at the house of Mr. Carson (Gowie Cottage), West Taieri.  Note that there was a Alexander Carson and family from Donaghadee, Down, also on the passenger list.  Bangor is only 7km from Donaghadee.  Eliza had arrived in New Zealand on a health trip. Contact Olwyn if you are researching these two families.

MacAndrew. At the age of twenty William arrived at Port Chalmers, Otago on the 'Viola' March 12, 1868 along with his parents and siblings.  The 'Viola'  had sailed from Greenock, Scotland on the 14 December, 1867, under Captain Ross with 125 immigrants.  Bills outstanding. William MacAndrew was a schoolmaster teaching at several schools around the Otago area before becoming headmaster at Mataura School from 1887-1912.  He played draughts and outdoor bowls. They had five children.  I am descended from one of their sons James McMillen MacANDREW, 1882-1965.  Elizabeth died 5 Dec. 1928 at Dunedin and is buried in the Mataura Cemetery.  

Otago Witness, 14 January 1887, Page 17 Mataura
Our School � The committee met one night last week for the purpose of selecting a candidate out of the number of applicants for the post of head teacher of the school. The selection fell on Mr Macandrew, of Waitahuna, who has been resident teacher in that district for a number or years.

Otago Witness, 17 March 1892, Page 25 Death
Macandrew. On the 8th March 1892, at Mataura Schoolhouse, William, beloved son of William and Elizabeth Macandrew ; aged 13 years and 10 months. His end was peace.

Otago Witness, 13 July 1899, Page 29
One of, the oldest, if not the very oldest, of Southland's townships is Mataura, situated on the river of same name, about midway between Gore and Wyndham. In the early days Mataura was the chief Southland "port of call" on the Dunedin. Mr Macandrew is head teacher of the public school, which has an average attendance of over 200.

Otago Witness, 25 September 1901, Page 11
The monthly meeting of the Otago School Commissioners
It was resolved that the sympathy of the commissioners be conveyed to their secretary (Mr Macandrew) and his wife in their bereavement in the death of their daughter, and the same be recorded in the minutes.

Otago Witness,  9 April 1902, Page 30
Wyndham, April 7
Mr J. Bews, the local representative of the Gore branch of the National Mortgage and Agency Company, has also during last week joined the Benedicts. He was married at Mataura on Good Friday to Miss E. Macandrew eldest daughter of Mr Macandrew, school teacher, Mataura.

Carson, Alexander  from Donaghadee, Co Down, Labourer (served in the Crimea War)
Sarah Carson (nee McMillen)
William Carson (son)
Sarah was a McMillan?

Our Elizabeth McMillan and Sarah McMillan who married William Shanks are cousins.
James McMillan who married Elizabeth Legge and William McMillan who married Rachel Stone are brothers but I don't have their parents names.

Agnes McMILLEN married George John PINCKNEY 3 September 1875 at Maungatua, West Taieri, Otago. Agnes lived most of her life at Brooksdale, Tapanui and is where she died 17 September 1937 and is buried in the Tapanui Cemetery. Her obituary reads - Born at Ballyhay, County Down, Ireland in 1849, was third daughter of James (William) and Rachel (nee Stone) McMillen. Agnes McMillen did live in Brooksdale, Tapanui for most of her life � and she is buried at Tapanui Cemetery. We know Eliza and Agnes were cousins as it said in obituary that Agnes came out to NZ on James Nicol Flemming ship with her cousin Eliza.
Agnes McMILLAN 25y  married George John PINCKNEY age 30y 3 Sep 1875, West Taieri parish.
Agnes and George Pinckney had 4 children:
Charles McMillan Pinckney d. in Dunedin in January 1952
Agnes Caroline Pinckney
Emily Mary Pinckney - married Mark McAuley. Emily died 11th Feb 1915
Helen Excell Pinckney m. Mr Patrick James Madigan in 1912. Helen buried in Hamilton East, age 71, 1954

Otago Witness 7 May 1902
M'Auley - Pinckney - On the 2nd April, at the residence of the bride's parents, by the Rev. C. Oldham, Tapanui, Mark, third son of the late Alexander McAuley, Tullahora, to Emily Mary, second daughter of George Pinckney, Brooksdale.

Evening Post, 20 April 1937, Page 10 OBITUARY
Mr. John Mundell, whose residence in South Canterbury extended over more than 60 years, during which period he played an important part in the activities of the commercial community, died a few days ago. He was well known throughout Otago, and at one time owned the and Maritanga stations. Mr. Mundell was a native of Ballyglenulla, County Antrim, Ireland. He was born in 1850. In 1870 he arrived in Dunedin by the ship James Nicol Fleming, and soon afterwards he took up farming pursuits in South Canterbury. "When the railway was opened in the seventies, he started, in partnership with Mr. John Kennedy, of Temuka, a line of coaches between Orari and Woodbury, via Geraldine. He ultimately bought out Mr. Kennedy's interest in the business in Geraldine as a stock and station auctioneer. In 1877, and subsequently, he erected large and extensive sale yards at Temuka, and also started storekeeping at the former place. Latterly he resided at Timaru. At one time he was the owner of some of the best Clydesdale and thoroughbred sires in New Zealand. He was for years a member of the Geraldine and South Canterbury Jockey Clubs, and was also a member of the Agricultural and Pastoral Association. Mr. Mundell was married in Ireland in 1875, and is survived by his widow, two sons, and two daughters � Mr. John Mundell (Wellington), Mr. William Mundell (Sumner), Mrs. G. Anderson (Dunedin), and Mrs. M. Keith (Timaru). Another daughter, Miss Sarah Mundell, died some years ago.

Robertson George Stephen  Journal of Voyage Aboard "James Nicol Fleming"   03 Aug - 26 Oct 1870 / transcribed by Keith R Cowie   Reference Number : Misc-MS-1422 Hocken Library, Otago
"Daily jottings made... on the voyage from Glasgow, Scotland to Dunedin, New Zealand in the clipper ship "James Nicol Fleming" which sailed from the Tail of the Bank, Greenock 3rd August 1870 and arrived in Dunedin 26th October 1870". The transcript includes an abstract from the log of the James Nicol Fleming, programmes of concerts held on board, testimonials from the passengers to Captain Logan & Joseph McKenzie (ships surgeon), and a list of the descendants of George Stephen Robertson 1847-1881. McKenzie, Joseph mentioned. Copies also held at Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington & Otago Settlers Museum, Dunedin.

Please email me if you have further information on the passengers to share with the genealogical community.
1869 voyage account
other voyages

photos moored painting Artist: William Barnett Spencer (British, active 1860s-1880s)
Date: 1870s. Original 19th C. engraving on cotton rag paper, hand-watercolored

This page may be freely linked to but not duplicated in any fashion, wholly or in part, except for private study.

"darkness, cold, and wet are the worst parts of a storm to a sailor"
R. H. Dana

Otago Witness 6 January 1904, Page 45
The smartest passage from the United Kingdom to Port Chalmers was that of the James Nicol Fleming, from the Clyde, the vessel arriving on July 1, 1873, after a passage of 69 days 11 hours from land to land and 72 days from port to port.

The bulk of Irish migrants arrived over a period of about 40 years, they came from specific areas in Ireland and with a religious make-up was 60% Roman Catholic and 40% Protestant.