New Zealand History
950 Kupe, the Polynesian chief and explorer, landed in "Long White Cloud" Aotearoa, at Te Whitianga-a-Kupe
1150 Te Toi migration from Hawaiki
1350 Te Toi migration peak. Hei was a chief who brought his family on the Awara Canoe
1550 Groups of Maoris began to migrate to the Nelson region from the North Island
1642 Abel TASMAN first European to discover New Zealand
1769 Captain James COOK, Royal Navy, sailed the Endeavour, into Poverty Bay October of 1769 and lands Portrait
1793 Extermination of seals in Southland for thirty years for their oil and skins
1814 Arrival of Samuel MARSDEN, the first missionary, introduced sheep, cattle and horses to New Zealand
1830s Whaling stations were established along the coasts
1840 Treaty of Waitangi signed. Maoris ceded sovereignty to Britain in exchange for protection and guaranteed possession of their lands, forests and fisheries
1840 Arrival of first settlers at Port Nicholson (Wellington)
1841 New Plymouth founded
1842 Nelson founded by Edward Gibbon WAKEFIELD 's New Zealand Company
1848 Otago settled. A Scottish settlement.
1850 Canterbury settled. Four ships Charlotte Jane, Sir George Seymour, Randolph and Cressy arrived.
1852 NZ Government established. (NZ Constitution Act 1852)
1855 First New Zealand postage stamp issued
1857 Gold was discovered in Collingwood
1859 Gold discovered at Buller
1860s Maori War's. Maoris objecting to European settlement
1861 Gold discovered in Otago
1864 Founding of Hamilton
1865 Gold in Hokitika area
1865 Wellington becomes the seat of government
1867 Lyttelton-Christchurch railroad tunnel opened
1867 Maori parliamentary seats established
1882 First frozen meat shipment left Port Chambers, Otago
1886 Mt Tarawera erupted
1890s Legislation aimed at breaking up the large runs
1892 Rail opened between Wellington and New Plymouth
1893 Women were given the right to vote
1898 Prime Minister Richard SEDDON introduced social security
1903 Richard PEARSE flew his monoplane at Waitohi, South Canterbury
1907 26 Sept. New Zealand becomes a self governing dominion of the British Commonwealth
1910 First passenger trains running to a timetable between Wellington and Auckland
1913 First motor car trip Wellington to Auckland
1914 Oil discovered in Taranaki
1915 April 25 first landing of British, Australian and New Zealand troops at Gallipoli
1918 New Zealand influenza epidemic, 6700 deaths
1918 Lord RUTHERFORD succeeded in splitting the atom.
1923 Otira rail tunnel through the Southern Alps completed.
1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake 255 lives loss
1936 Jack LOVELOCK sets a world record for the 1500m at the Olympic Games in Berlin
1947 NZ adopts Statute of Westminster
1950 Legislative Council (Upper House of Parliament) abolished.
1952 New Zealand's population reaches two million
1953 Sir Edmund HILLARY and sherpa Tenzing NORKAY climbed Mt Everest
1959 Opening of the Auckland Harbour Bridge
1962 Peter SNELL broke the world record for the mile, 3min. 54.4 secs.
1964 Lyttelton-Christchurch 2km road tunnel completed
1965 Haast Pass road opened
1967 New Zealand changed to decimal currency
1969 - Inungahua earthquake
1974 Commonwealth Games held at Christchurch
1975 John WALKER sets a new world record for the mile, 3 min. 49.4 secs.
1975 Assisted immigration ends
1979 Air NZ DC10 flight crashes into Mt Erebus, Antarctica, 257 deaths
1981 Population 3,163,000 people and 48,245,000 sheep
1983 Rod Dixon won the New York City Marathon
1985 Greenpeace boat "Rainbow Warrior" blown up in Auckland Harbour
1990 Commonwealth Games held in Auckland
1990 29 October, Prime Minister, James BOLGER
1993 NZ Adopts MMP by referendum
1995 "Black Magic" wins the America's Cup
1996 First MMP election
1996 Thirtieth New Zealand Census of population was held 5 March. Total 3,681,546
1996 Governor General - Sir Michael HARDIE BOYS
1997 Hon Jenny SHIPLEY is New Zealand's first female Prime Minister
1998 Population 3.8 million
1998 The Ngāi Tahu Claims Settlement Act officially recognises the original name, renaming the mountain Aoraki/Mt Cook
1999 Hon Helen CLARK first elected female Prime Minister. Labour.
2000 Team New Zealand retains the America's Cup
2000 Dame Sylvia Cartwright Governor General
2001 Census, March 6, year population 3,737,277
2002 July 27 Helen Clark, Labour, gained a second term as NZ's PM. Voter turnout was 78%. National suffered its worst ever defeat, winning only 21% of the vote.
2003 Alinghi defeated Team NZ (5-0) in Feb. and March taking the America's Cup to Europe.
2003 The 4 million mark was reached late April 2003. The population of NZ was 4,038,900 as at 31/12/2003.
2005 April. Citizenship Amendment Act 2005 - from 1 Jan. 2006 children born in NZ of non-permanent resident parents will no longer be able to claim citizenship and citizenship status.
2005 Sept. 17. Helen Clark, Labour, 55, has led NZ since 1999 and is heading for a third term by one seat. She opposed the U.S.-led war in Iraq , but sent troops to help reconstruction there and in Afghanistan while holding firm to New Zealand's 20-year-old anti-nuclear policies enacted in 1985.
2008 Nov. 8. "Let me say this, whether you voted for National or not, tonight you have my pledge," Mr John Key said in his victory address. "I will lead a government that serves the interest of all New Zealanders. And it will be a government that values individual achievement. And it will be a government that supports those who cannot support themselves. And it will be a government we can all be part of." More than 2.1 million votes were counted, delivering National 59 seats in a 122-seat Parliament. Labour finished with 43 seats. Miss Clark immediately tendered her resignation.
2011 March 31 the population was 4,403,000
2016 Dec 4, 2016 - John Key resigned, saying it felt like “the right time to go” and that he wanted to leave on his own terms. 'I have taken the knife to some other people and now I am taking the knife to myself. ' Key said he would remain in parliament long enough to avoid a byelection, but would step down as an MP before the next election. His resignation was effective from 12 December, when National MPs will meet to select a new leader. Bill English is New Zealand's 39th prime minister. Sworn in at Government House Dec. 12th 2016. Key resigned suddenly. “Sometimes you’ve got to make hard decisions to make right decisions.” “Over time others will judge whether I’ve done that. All I can say is I gave it everything I had. I have left nothing in the tank.”
New Zealand Ancient & Modern History
New Zealand Migration
"The path to success leads in many
different directions" said Captain Cook. He put New Zealand on the
James Cook was the man who "would add more territory to the British Empire than any other Royal Navy officer in history."
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