England to New Zealand 1908 by Steamer
Extracts from, New Zealand handbook, with map compiled by Walter B. Paton (b.1853. Walter Boldero), and issued by the Emigrants' Information Office, London HMSO (His Majesty's Stationery Office)1908 series no. 6.
The Voyage from England IV pp 20-23
By British Steamer the voyage out takes from 42 to 50 days. The main lines of steamers and sailing ships are as follows:- [including] Shaw, Savill & Albion Co., 34, Leadenhall Street, E.C.
The Merchant Shipping Acts, 1894 and 1906 require emigrant ships clearing from British ports to be seaworthy, to have proper accommodation, to furnish good and sufficient food, to provide medicines, and on large ships to carry a surgeon, and in other ways protect the interests of emigrants. If the ship improperly fails to start on the day contracted for, the emigrant, any Emigration officer on his or her behalf, may claim subsistence money till it does start. Short summaries of these regulations are posted up in every ship. Emigrants who find they are not being treated fairly should immediately complain. Passengers by companies whose vessels do not clear from English ports are not protected by these regulations.
(a.) Free passages, none.
(b.) Reduced passages may be granted to farmers, agricultural labourers, shepherds, woodcutters, and men able to milk cows and manage livestock possessing fixed incomes, or a capital of at least £25, who satisfy the High Commissioner for New Zealand that they will in other respects also be suitable settlers. The rates per head are £27 in the 2nd class, £12 for a berth in a 2-berth cabin in the 3rd class, and £10 for a berth in a 4-berth cabin in the 3rd class. Domestic servants, without capital, are also eligible for these reduced passages, if they will have £2 on landing. Application must be made to the High Commissioner at 13, Victoria Street, London, S.W., who will also forward particulars of fares for unassisted passages at ordinary rates. 3,712 persons were granted these reduced passages in the year ending March, 1907.
(c.) Ordinary fares from England.
By British steamer to Dunedin, Christchurch, Wellington or Auckland, and other ports.
3rd class, for males or females £16 to £21
2nd class £38 to £43
1st class £50 to £74 by direct boat; or from £66 to £88 by change at Melbourne or Sydney.
The passage money in all three cases covers food, bedding, knives, forks, medical attendance, &c. No sailing ships from England carry passengers now.
Children in steamers, from 3 to 12 years, traveling with their parents, half price; one child under 3 years, free (no berth provided); other children under 3 years, quarter fare.
Each third class passenger is allowed 15 cubic feet of luggage free, second class 20 cubic feet, and first class 40 cubic feet; and children in proportion to their age.
Emigrants have no chance of working their passages out on board ship, as the steamship companies do not engage members of the crew for the outward passage only.
No large outfit is necessary, nor need it be new. Settlers having knives, forks, spoons, bed and table linen, kitchen utensils, sewing machines, light tools and other small articles or ornaments, should take them, but not heavy furniture. Settlers should take all the clothes they have, whether old or new, but not less, if possible, than the following for the voyage and subsequent use. For men two pairs boots, one strong suit, two pairs white or light tweed trousers, and one jacket of similar material, one cloth cap, one braid-brimmed straw or felt hat, one pair slippers or canvas shoes, one overcoat, handkerchiefs, six articles of each kind of underclothing and strong canvas bag. For women, two pairs strong shoes, one warm and two cotton gowns, one broad-brimmed straw or felt hat, one close-fitting hat, one pair slippers, one cloak, or shawl, six articles of each kind of underclothing, handkerchiefs, towels, canvas bag, and sewing materials. For children, one warm cloak or great coat, four flannel waistcoats, two pair strong shoes, two warm suits, and six to nine articles of each kind of underclothing. Two or three flannel shirts for men, and an extra supply of flannel for women and children will be very useful, as warm clothing with be required. There are some opportunities for washing clothes on board. On sheep and cattle stations in New Zealand a man generally wears white moleskin trousers and a flannel shirt, coats being worn at times only.
Settlers are recommended to beware of strangers, and to apply for information to the Government Agents, where any. There are no immigration depots or other Government arrangements for the reception of immigrants on landing; but persons arriving in the colony can obtain information as to the rate of wages, land, &c., by applying at any Crown lands office to the Commissioner for Crown lands. Information can also be obtained from the Government Labour Bureau at Wellington, and its 200 branches at Christchurch, Dunedin, Invercargill and elsewhere. Emigrants to New Zealand having no employment in prospect would do well to write to one the above Bureaus, stating the particulars of the kind of work they require, and the ship they are coming in, and to apply to the Bureau on arrival; all those who have friend in New Zealand should also apply to them beforehand. The lodges of the Girls Friendly Society in Auckland, Wellington, and Christchurch will receive girl emigrants, and help them; girls pay about 10s. a week for board and lodgings.
Extracts edited by Helen Parsonage. Posted to RootsWeb GENANZ list 3 Aug 1998 and are here with Helen's permission.
The book is available the University of Canterbury Library, Christchurch, NZ
No. 8 published 1911 42 pp available at University of Waikato Library, NZ
Advice for Emigrants from a 1848 handbook.
Rrecommended labourers' wives should take 18 chemises, six petticoats,
three flannel petticoats and four flannel waistcoats, 24 pairs of cotton stockings, four pairs of shoes, two pairs of boots, four cotton dresses, two bonnets and a cloak, as well as bedding, toiletries and sewing materials.
A lady needed 48 chemises, 24 slips, 24 middle petticoats, three flannel petticoats, a horsehair petticoat (the forerunner of the hooped crinoline), 24 fine flannel petticoats, 24 pairs of cambric trousers, 52 pairs of stockings (cotton and silk), 21 dresses, three pairs of stays, eight pairs of shoes, a cloak, two bonnets, 73 pairs of gloves (kid, silk and lace) as
well as fancy aprons, handkerchiefs, capes collars and 36 nightdresses and caps as well as toiletries and haberdashery.
A labouring man was recommended to take 18 coloured shirts, two Guersney shirts, six pairs worsted stockings, 12 pairs cotton socks, 1 pair strong fustian (thick twilled cloth) trousers, 3 pairs strong canvas trousers, a fustian jacket and waistcoat, a pea jacket, a cloth coat, waistcoat and trousers, and a cloth cap, two pairs of strong shoes and two pairs of
light shoes, as well as bedding, soap and towels.
A gentleman required 72 calico shirts with dress fronts, 18 fine flannel waistcoats, six moderately warm flannel waistcoats, 60 pairs of fine cotton socks, 12 pairs worsted socks, 24 pairs calico drawers, 2 pairs flannel drawers, 20 assorted cravats, 28 pairs gloves (cotton and kid), four pairs of braces, 18 thin cotton night caps, two pairs bathing drawers, two
dressing gowns one cotton and one flannel, one India cloth jacket and trousers, 12 pairs of cotton trousers, two brown holland blouses, six pairs of fine linen trousers, 18 thin white jackets, 18 white waistcoats, one suit evening dress clothes, one suit for morning wear, one pilot cloth coat and trousers, one sou'wester, two pairs dress boots, two pairs strong walking
boots, two pairs dress shoes, two pairs strong walking shoes, a straw hat, a cloth cap and a good beaver hat, as well as toiletries, writing materials and so on.
1842 regulations Britons Abroad
'To sail or serve before the mast'
To sail as an ordinary seaman. Quarters for sailors were formerly located forward of the foremast in the forecastle.