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'Emulous'

New Zealand Bound

Wellington Independent of December 10, 1868: page 2 col. a
We are informed by Captain Scott, the inward pilot, that the brigantine which has been for the last three of four days anchored at the Heads has proceeded to Otago. Her name is the Emulous, Captain Cumminger [sic], from Halifax, Nova Scotia. There are fifty-three passengers on board, and the vessel is owned by the captain and eleven others, all on board, with their wives and families, come out to settle in New Zealand. They informed the pilot, who was detained on board three days by the strong N.W. gales, that when they left home they were not bound to any particular port in New Zealand, and on the voyage decided in favor of Wellington; but, after lying so long at the Heads, they altered their minds, and sailed for Otago at 9 p.m. on Thursday. They had a very fair passage of 103 days to the Heads.

Otago Daily Times 15 December 1868, Page 2
Arrival. Emulous, brigantine, 156 tons, Cummings from Halifax, Nova Scotia. Master, agent. Passengers  [ ]

EMULOUS CREW & PASSENGERS
There were on board 53 souls, of whom 15 formed the crew, and 12 were children.

Captain & Shareholder: 		Ebenezer Cumminger
Medical Superintendent: 	Duncan Campbell
Chief Mate: 			G. Anderson
Second Mate & Shareholder: 	Richard G. Bishop
Cook: 				Hugh Grant (for 4 weeks and then demoted to able seaman)
Cook: 				Mr. Smith
Steward: 			George Marshall
Carpenter & Shareholder: 	Jacob R. Foley (according to the court case)
Cabin boy: 			Sandy
Sailor: 			Bill
Sailor: 			Dick
Sailor: 			Jim
Sailor: 			Harry
Sailor: 			Jack

Passengers & Shareholders:

Mrs. Anderson and three daughters
Miss Rebecca Archibald
Mr. John Attwell
Mrs. Attwell and child
Mrs. Catherine Elizabeth (Richard) Bishop and son (age 7 years)
Mrs. Elizabeth Braddock and son
Mr. Belford Bulmer 			(we have also a young couple who have been only three weeks married by Rev. Thomas Todd)
Mrs. Sarah D. (Anderson) Bulmer 	(She is the youngest lady on board. Both of Sackville (West. Co.))
John Cameron
Mrs. Margaret A. Cumminger
Silas Dimock 				[Dymock] [Dinnock]
Charles F. Hall 			
Lachlen McKinnon 			[Lauchlan McKinnon]
William McQuag  			[sic: McQuahe]

Mr. George Nichol
Mrs. Mary (Archibald) Nichol
Wilbert Nichol 				age  9
George Washington Archibald Nichol 	age  2
Ella Nichol 				[child]

Reverend Albert F. Porter  		age 37
Rachel Amelia Porter 			age 33
Milton Emerson Porter 			age  9
Frederick Freeman Porter 		age  7
William Haliburton Porter 		age  3

George W. Ritchie
Mrs. Mary Ritchie and child
Mr. Walter L. Ritchie

Mr. Alonzo James Wisdom 		(according to the diary, he was the ship's carpenter)
Mrs. Abigail Ann (Ashmore) Wisdom
Florence May Wisdom age 1
William H. Wisdom 			(AJ's 72 year old father)
John A. Young

Sources:
Otago Witness, Jan 9, 1869
Otago Daily Times, Jan 8 & 13, 1869

Otago Witness Saturday 17 August 1872
Departure Port Chalmers - Aug. 14 - Emulous, 157 tons, Paterson, for Bluff Harbour. G.S. Brodrick, agent.

Otago Witness Saturday 19 October 1872
Departure Port Chalmers - Oct. 13 - Emulous, brigantine, 157 tons, Paterson, for Oamaru. G.S. Brodrick, agent.

Otago Witness Saturday December 21 1872 pg13 Arrivals
Dec. 16 - Emulous, brigantine, 157 tons, Paterson, from Kaipara, 8th inst. Guthrie and Asher, agents.

Otago Witness Saturday 27 January 1873 page 12
Port Chalmers - Arrivals - Jan. 21st - Emulous,  brigantine, 156 tons, Peterson, from Bluff Harbour.

Otago Witness  February 15 1873 pg 12
Departure - Feb. 13 - Emulous, brigantine, 157 tons, Paterson, for Auckland. G.S. Brodrick, agent.

Otago Witness April 19 1873
Arrival -April 11 - Emulous, brigantine, Paterson, from Auckland.

Journal kept on board the brig Emulus from Halifax, Nova Scotia to New Zealand 
by Rachel Amelia (Eaton) Porter. The original diary of Mrs. Porter's is with descendants in Auckland, who kindly provided Keith Berry with the text. Very few or the crew and passenger names were mentioned in the journal. 

-Mrs Albert Frederick PORTER (nee Eaton), husband and three children. (Milton, Fred and Willie)
-Captain Cummings and his wife 
- young Doctor
-Mrs Anderson (poor sick wife of the mate)
-the second mate has his wife and little boy seven years of age on board. 
-there is also an English family a man and his wife and one little girl. 
-another family consists of a man, his wife, three children and a maiden sister of the lady.
-a young married man his wife and babe, and the man's Father of seventy two years comprise another family. This young man is the ship's carpenter and when not employed about the ship works at sash making for the New Zealand Company
- a young man, his wife, and brother make up another family. 
- a widow and her son make up another family. She has two sisters in N.Z. 
-we have also a young couple who have been only three weeks married. She is fair as the lily with checks like blushing roses. She is the youngest lady on board.
-we have beside some six or eight young men most of whom are mechanics
-an one ugly old bachelor who is noted for his profanity.
-our two cooks Smith and Grant are good natured 
- We have two stewards one stewardess
-a cabin boy who we call Sandy. 
-the sailors. There is Bill and Dick and Jim and Harry and Jack.
-we lost three of our passengers Saturday night, two cats and one small dog. 
(Mrs Gatherall)

There are 12 woman and 12 children. The youngest is a babe of 4 months. The next youngest are two little girls, twin children, of Anderson the Mate. There is a little boy three years of age. The ages of the other children range from 5 to 10 years.


Ebenezer Cumminger

Masters Cert.#	18432
Born: 		Sept 1835 in Shelburne County, Nova Scotia
Died: 		21 Nov 1911 in Halifax, aged 76.
Occupation: 	Shipbuilder and merchant, lived Melvern Square, Annapolis Co. NS
Buried:		Church Grove Cemetery, Melvern Square, Annapolis County, Nova Scotia
Parents: 	Capt. Henry Cumminger and Sarah McCurdy Archibald
Married: 	Margaret A. died 5 May 1900, aged 57, buried in Church Grove Cem., Melvern Sq., Annapolis Co.

Capt Cumminger's mother was Sarah Mccurdy Archibald b: Sep 7, 1793, Onslow, N.S. She was a widow of James Archibald and had two young sons, James and David Archibald. Ebenezer two brothers were also Master Mariners.


From Dan Johnson's papers:
Date March 18 1886
County Westmorland
Place Sackville
Newspaper Chignecto Post
Daniel F. Johnson : Volume 66 Number 1561
Extracts from a letter from P.J. PALMER received at Dorchester (West. Co.) dated Levuka, Fiji, Oct. 29, 1885 .."I left here in August and went to Sydney, Australia with the brig ... thence we went to Napier, New Zealand. In stopped four hours in Napier. Then I took across the country in search of Bedford BULMER son of Geo. N. BULMER ... Now I am at the Whymate Plains, very level without any forest, the garden of New Zealand. I stopped here overnight and took the stage coach the next morning and drove nine miles to Nioma; then I walked two miles with some thirty school children, but here is Bulmer's house, so his little daughter who is among the school children informs me, and we go in. Mr. Bulmer has six children, four boys and two girls. The eldest daughter is 19 years old.... (see original)

Hawke's Bay Herald, 30 March 1878, Page 2
BULMER. At Napier, on the 13th March, Maude, infant daughter of Bedford and Sarah Bulmer.

Hawera & Normanby Star, 27 September 1904, Page 3
The following, referring to Mr and Mrs Bulmer, of Kaponga, appeared in the Tribune, Sackville, New Brunswick, of August 4:--"There was a great time at Bulmer's Pond last Thursday afternoon. People from Sackville, Amherst, Dorchecter, Westmorland Point, and surrounding country were there, and picnicked to their hearts content. The purpose of their coming together, however, was not alone to enjoy a day's outing, but the chief object was to meet Mr and Mrs Bedford Bulmer, who left Sackville just 36 years ago, and who had now returned for their first visit to their native place. Many changes are brought about in 36 years, and save for a few faces, which still had familiar lines not withstanding the ravages of years, Mr and Mrs Bulmer found themselves amidst a multitude of strangers. But this feeling of strangeness soon wore off and a general good time was enjoyed by all. Mr and Mrs Bulmer, after leaving Sackville, went to, Fiji, out owing to the lack of educational facilities in that island, they at length moved to Taranaki, New Zealand, where Mr Bulmer engaged in dairy farming, at which business he has been very successful. At Thursday's picnic the Sackville Cornet Band took up their position in front of Mr. and Mrs Seth Bulmer, and rendered splendid programme of music. Morice Bros.' gasoline launch was on hand, and great many availed themselves of the opportunity of having a sail. About six o'clock the lunch baskets were emptied of their contents and the happy company enjoyed their evening meal. In fact, everything passed off without a hitch, and Mr and Mrs Seth Bulmer, who brought about the celebration, are to be congratulated upon the complete success of a very pleasant affair.


Ship Information Database Canada

Official No.: 			57163 
Date Constructed: 		1866 
Date Registered: 		1866
City of Construction: 		Hantsport 
Province of Construction: 	Nova Scotia 
Country of Construction: 	Canada 
Registration City: 		Windsor
Vessel Rigging Style: 		Brigantine 
Tonnage Gross: 			156 
Construction Material for Hull: Wood 
Figurehead of Vessel: 		N 
Registry closed 		April 26, 1869

North Otago Times 
Tuesday May 5 1874 page 2 col. a   Stranding of the Emulous.
On Saturday afternoon heavy rollers began to come home. At about half-past eight it was observed that the Emulous was dragging. Being light in the water (having only 50 tons cargo aboard) the brigantine was driven higher up on the beach. The first rocket carried her a line and the whole crew (eight hands all told) were landed without accident, one only of them getting a ducking on the way from the ship's side to the beach. Captain Mathieson was the last to leave the vessel.

Ship "Emulous"
AJHR 1874 Section H22 page 18 Return of Wrecks
Date of Casualty :	 3 May 1874
Name of Master :	 Angus Mathieson
Age of Vessel :		 9 years
Rig :			 Brigantine
Register Tonnage :	 157
Number of Crew :	 8
Nature of Cargo :	 Flour, 48 tons
Nature of Casualty :	 Stranded; total loss
Place of Accident :	 Oamaru Beach
Wind Force :		 Calm

Finding of Court of Inquiry : Vessel lost from neglect of master in not paying out sufficient chain to ride with. Vessels of this class should be much better found. Cables of insufficient length. Master's certificate suspended for six months.

Otago Witness May 9 1874 pg18
Oamaru, May 3. The Brigantine Emulous and schooner Ocean Wave drifted ashore this morning at 1 o'clock. The former is a total wreck, but the latter may be got off. No lives were lost. The cargo off the Ocean Wave, from Lyttelton, is coal, and nearly all is saved. In the Emulous, 50 tons flour, per J.A. Anderson, were got out. The sea is still rough, with a heavy swell, but the weather on shore is fine.


Otago Witness Saturday 19th December 1868 page 3
transcribed from the 'Papers Past' - a NZ National Library website. NZ National Library website.

A Spirited Adventure
That the spirit of daring which compelled Raleigh, the Frobishers, and the men of Devon, to seek adventure when the cry of "Westward Ho!" was raised in Merrie England, is not dead in the breasts of their descendants, is proved by he introduction to Otago of the immigrants who arrived here on Monday by the brigantine Emulous, from Halifax, Nova Scotia. Viewed by our lights, there is a romance in the story of the adventure, from which Charles Kingsley could find material for the history of another Amyas Leigh. Let us premise that to Nova Scotians New Zealand, at the present day, is a terra incognita. That such a place exists, Young New Brunswick is no doubt taught when it goes to school; but it is warned of its dangers, and comes to regard it as a kind of "bogie," to which naughty little boys are sent for punishment. Let us premise, further, that Nova Scotia is in itself no inconsiderable gold-producing country, and that there, labor, while it is plentiful, is well paid. The necessaries of life, besides, are cheap, and the cost of living does not exceed, for a single man, two dollars a week. The consequence of a dull market and a plethora of population is necessarily - as we have frequently experienced here- emigration. 

In the fall of 1867, a Baptist minister, the Rev. A.F. Porter, a gentleman who has friends at Wanganui, first called the attention of the people of Halifax to the advantages of New Zealand as a place of settlement. He proposed then to form a company, the objects of which can be best gleaned from the following prospectus, issued at Halifax in the commencement of the present year:-

Rules of the New Zealand Company
1. To form a Company with 16 shares of  �100 each.
2. To purchase a ship of not over 200 tons register, and fit her up to carry 60 passengers.
3. To allow one free passage for each share.
4. To charge passengers who are not shareholders �40, either to Australia or New Zealand; children under 12 and over 5 years of age, one half fare; and under 5 years, one-quarter fare.
5. All shareholders who go in the ship must go as passengers, and have no more control of the ship than other passengers.
6. To allow shareholders to take their families at the above rates, to the amount of the money they invest, and to pay the same out of their shares after we arrive in New Zealand.
7. To employ an experienced, temperate captain and mate, at regular wages, and to allow experienced seaman to work their passages, we paying them only nominal sum for the voyage.
8. To appoint three Directors to receive and bankfall moneys paid by the Company, and to deal out the same to the Company's agent as they shall be needed by him; and to take the general oversight of his labours, and give him such advice as he shall need from time to time: and if required to give security to the Company for the faithful disposition of all moneys placed in their hands, to the amount of �3,200.
9. To employ an agent to keep the accounts, receive and pay out all moneys required; to purchase the ship, superintend the fitting of her up for passengers, secure the hands to man her, buy provisions, secure the passengers, and to make full returns of all labours expended, and moneys used to the Directors whenever required to do so.
10. To leave Halifax on the 1st August next. To proceed direct to Melbourne, Australia; to remain there at least one week, and proceed thence to Wellington, or any other port of New Zealand that shall thereafter be determined on by a majority of the shareholders.
11. To sell the ship as soon as practicable after arriving in New Zealand, and also all the ship's stores and furniture that shall be left, and to divide all the proceeds among the shareholders, according to each man's share.
12. To lay down a deposit of �5 for each share when taken out, and to pay the balance to the Directors when required to do so.
13. To allow no one to take shares, or go as passenger, who does not sustain a good moral character.
14. To buy or build a ship in the name of two of the Company, who shall act as Presidents of the Company-who shall have the power of attorney to sell the ship in New Zealand, and divide the proceeds as above-named - who shall be required to give bonds to the Company, to faithfully perform the duties assigned to them.
15. To requires passengers to leave a deposit of 10dols, for which they shall receive a receipt and a ticket for a passage, and to pay the balance two weeks before the ship shall sail.
These rules may be amended by a two-thirds vote of the shareholders at any regular meeting of the Company.
Halifax, January 6th, 1868.
P.S. All communications to be addresses to Rev. A.F. Porter, agent of the Company.

The idea was at first seized on eagerly, and applications for the shares were poured in upon the promoters with such rapidity that the Government and the Press were fain to take cognisance of the proposed adventure. The former exerted all its private influence to damn it; the latter wrote strongly, virulently, and ignorantly against New Zealand and all connected with it. Those who proposed to emigrate were told that the land painted to them as one of promise was a "a small island, without a market for its produce, and rampant with cannibal savages." Gloomy pictures were drawn of defenceless women and children butchered in cold blood, and of sturdy settlers eaten with gusto by our natives. In short, those who left Nova Scotia were promised nothing but a short shrift and a long rope. These denunciations had their effect, and the applicants who had been so eager for shares at first, cooled in their ardor. Numerous deposits had been paid, these were forfeited, the depositors finding excuses from their backsliding very similar to those of the guests bidden to the wedding. In March, the promoter of the Company, who had struck to his colours through evil and good repute, ably combating the claims of New Zealand as a place of settlement, had almost given up the consent in despair, and resolved on coming on to New Zealand himself by the Panama route. His persistence, however, had worked its fruits. There was shortly after a fresh application for shares, and this time by persons who were not to be deterred by the stupid cry which had been raised by interested parties against the colony. There were men of determination and resolve, who, cosmopolite in their capacity, are the best of colonists. Their experiences in Nova Scotia, its a colony, had inured them to what might expect in a newer colony than one they had helped to people, and they came to Mr Porter resolved to share his enterprise with him, at all risks and hazards to themselves. For the most part they were men of some substance - men who, in executing a resolve, had to give up some interest; to relinquish many ties. They were of the sort from whom great nations sometimes spring, and who cannot fail to do good wherever they set their foot. Unlike the pauper classes pouring into the colony of Victoria at the partial expense of the State, they were independent of the aid of the Government, and prepared to fight the battle of life out on vantage ground of their own choosing. Progress was now made rapidly, and by the end of July 16 shares had been taken, and several passengers had taken berths on board the Emulous, a brigantine of 160 tons register, bought for the voyage by the company; and the 'tween decks of which had before this been fitted up specially for passenger accommodation. Half the difficulties of the directors were not yet conquered, however. The Nova Scotian Government acknowledge and encouraged immigration to any extent; but they do not recognise emigration at all. As soon as it was known that the Emulous was full, the endeavours to prevent her departure were redoubled, and there was some talk about laying an embargo on her, and thus preventing her departure. When the day of sailing drew near, strenuous efforts were made to find an officer connected with the Government who would give a clearing certificate. In vain. Nobody knew anything about the matter, and nobody cared to know anything. Eventually, it was resolved to ignore the authorities, and on the 19th of August, a farewell was taken of the land, and the vessel proceeded on her voyage. There were on board 53 souls, of whom 15 formed the crew, and 12 were children. The balance was made up of mechanics, farmers, and their wives, who were resolved on making New Zealand their home. The directors, when they started, had decided on no port of destination. The tickets they issued to those of their passengers who were not shareholders guaranteed only to land them in New Zealand; and it seems that, at the last moment, a doubt was felt as whether the Northern Island should not be the resting-place. Mr Porter, as we have stated, had friends in Wanganui, and he wished, at first to make Wellington the port. Favourable winds wafted the Emulous to her destination quickly. The line was crossed on the 25th of September, and from thence a very rapid run was made, Cape Farewell being sighted on the 106th day. When the vessel got to Wellington, it was blowing a gale, and, the pilot giving an unfavourable account of the state of the country, it was resolved at once to proceed to Dunedin. Here, the party seem to have quickly a home. A number of them came ashore yesterday, and some found employment which suited them without difficulty. They all seen resolved to grapple with circumstances as they meet them, and there does not seem the slightest doubt that they will make the most useful colonists. It is hoped that their experience here will be of so pleasant a character they they will be enabled to send to their homes a favourable account of their adopted country. It is proposed by the shareholders to sell the Emulous in the best market, and we may mention of her, before closing this report, that she is two years old and carries 240 tons of cargo on a draught of 10ft.


Otago Daily Times 24 February 1869, Page 2
Departures: Tararua, s.s. 522 tons, Ferguson, for Melbourne via
Northern and West Coast Ports. Passengers:
Mr and Mrs Wilson
Mr and Mrs Percy Smith
Mrs Wilkinson and child
Rev. A. F. Porter, wife, and three children
Captain Renaut
Messrs T.S. Smith, H.S. Smith, W.H. Pitcairn, W.G. Magarey, T.D. Magarey, Mathews, Graves, Johnson, Martin, Mathison, Thomas Brown, Copeland; and 36 in the steerage.

Grey River Argus, 15 December 1871, Page 2
The Waipara returned to Hokitika from her Southern trip on Tuesday, haying taken down Mr Frew, the County Engineer. She experienced heavy weather throughout the trip, and found the inhabitants of James Town short of provisions, which the Waipara relieved. She visited all the various settlements on the Southern coast, and brought back Mr and Mrs Allan and two children, Rev. A. F. Porter, from Martin's Bay, and two miners from Hunt's Beach. Also upwards of 100zs of gold from Martin's Bay, Haast River, Big Bay, and the Peringa. We also learn that an indignation meeting was held among the settlers at Martin's Bay shortly before the departure of the Waipara for Hokitika, when they unanimously decided to petition the Provincial Council of Otago, either to find immediate employment for the inhabitants, that they might have the means of subsisting, or else send a steamer to take them away, as they were actually in a state of dependence. The expression of opinion was unanimous that the settlers had been shamefully treated and neglected by the Otago Government. Gold has been found, so a correspondent says, in considerable quantities at Little Martin's and several other localities south of Martin's Bay, which could no doubt be made payable if provisions could easily be obtained.

West Coast Times 23 December 1871, Page 3
Presbyterian Church. The Rev. A. F. PORTER will preach (D. V.) in the above Church on Sabbath First, 24th inst.

Wellington Independent, 16 January 1873, Page 2 Auckland.
The Rev A. F. Porter lectured last night on the sufferings of the Martin's Bay settlers

Maritime Provinces Canada to New Zealand