D.A. De Maus - Pt. Chalmers ship photographer
Of specialist ship photographers, D.A. De Maus was one of the best-known, and his collection is one of the largest!
David Alexander De Maus (1847-1925)
D. A. De Maus came to Dunedin, NZ in 1867 in the Caribou at the age of 20. He was a brother of James De Maus, baptised 1835, Canongate parish, Edinburgh, a photographer in Dunedin, 1866-1868 and maybe as early as 1864. David was born in Edinburgh in 1847. Toured the West Coast goldfields with humorous songs and sketches. He wrote songs and composed music. He arrived in Port Chalmers and started a photography business. 'Photographer and fine art publisher, Port Chalmers.' The studio was located at 62 George Street, "High class photographic copies of religious, secular, classical and mythological painting." He became known for his photographs of ships at Port Chalmers. These are prized by maritime institutes. 1875-1899 known dates of activity as a photographer. He married Miss Bachan in 1878. He became active in the local sports clubs and town council. Served as councillor (1877-78, 1884-1888) and was mayor four times 1899-1901, 1903-06, 1909-1910 and 1912-13. He died on 17th July 1925, aged 77 and is buried at the new Port Chalmers Cemetery.
The D.A. De Maus collection was divided on his death; the shipping photos being taken to England by his daughter, Mrs D Grayston, another group being held in Outram by another daughter, Mrs O J Armour, and a third group being left in the studio, which had passed in 1932 to Miss Catherine Euphemia Matheson. She worked as a photographer from that address. The first two groups came to the AT Library on 17/12/51, the third group were presented to the Hocken Library by Miss Matheson's brother, and returned to the Alexander Turnbull Library* on 4/11/59. Timeframes*
Several thousand shipping photographs are held in the Hocken collections, and the Gordon Black Shipping Index provides a substantial card index to most of these holdings, including illustrations in the Otago Witness and shipping items in general albums.
Docked at Port Chalmers
Why a white band on the hull of many emigrant vessels?
In the days when the tea clippers sailed to China, and indeed anywhere, there were pirates about and, because of this, some danger for unarmed ships. To ward off potential attacks and to give the impression they could look after themselves, ships were painted with fake gunports and, in some cases were painted to look like ships of the line or naval ships. The Wild Deer (1863 - 1883) carried 10 small cannon whilst she was a tea clipper and had real rather than painted gun ports. Once she started to ply the immigration trade these guns were broken down and stored in the forepeak but she continued to carry muskets, pistols and swords in the saloon cabin. I have no record of them being used. Merchant ships like the The Opawa and the Caroline Agnes were painted in this fashion thinking it would scare off pirates. More photos
Timeframes has a wonderful collection of DeMaus' photographs.
American brig in floating dock, Pt. Chalmers
* The RMS "Aorangi" was a steamer of 4268 tons. She was built in 1883
by Messrs. John Elder & Company Ltd, Glasgow, Scotland, for the New Zealand
Shipping Company Ltd, and was used to provide a passenger service between Great
Britain and New Zealand. She was sold to the shipping firm of James Huddart in
1896 and them to the Union Steam Ship Company in 1910. She was then sold to
Admirality and scuttled at Orkney Islands in 1915.
Auckland * 1883
H.M.A.S. Australia *
Blenheim * Shaw Savill ship
Canterbury * painting
Caroline * built in Glasgow in 1854, owned by N Ellis Landen and chartered by Shaw Savill.
Chance, aground at Bluff, 1902
Christian McAusland * built in 1869. She was an iron craft of 962 tons. Made 6 voyages to Port Chalmers, Dunedin, between 1870 and 1874
of Dunedin* -crew painting*
City of Lahore *- Photograph of a painting of the ship
Coptic * built in 1881, and was sold to the Pacific Mail Line in 1906, and to Toyo Kisen Kaisha in 1916, and renamed the Persia.
ss Delphic (large boat at rear) and Nile and the ship Thomas-Henry * The SS Delphic was built in 1897 by Messrs. Harland & Wolff, Belfast, Ireland, for the White Star Line. She was jointly owned by the White Star and Shaw, Savill & Albion lines. During the Boer war she carried troops and horses from England to South Africa. On August 1917, she was torpedoed 135 miles off Bishop Rock, and went down with the loss of five lives.
Doric *The ship in the right foreground is the Ringarooma
Dunedin * sailing ship, built 1874 - 1250 tons. Went missing 1890
Earl of Zetland * 1875
Elginshire -wreck near Timaru. Eight years later.
* She was later wrecked at Three Kings, Sunday, November 9, 1902
Euterpe * at Port Chalmers, Dunedin. Shaw Savill & Albion Co's export store is on the wharf alongside
Gladbrook * barque. Formerly known as the `Countess of Anglesea', at Port Chalmers. The `Dunedin is partially visible in the foreground. This photograph was probably taken as the `Gladbrook' was leaving for San Francisco, on the 15th of Jan. 1919
Granada- America steamship
ss Haupiri *
Helen Denny *
Himalaya * at Lyttelton
Hurunui * b 1875, New Castle, 1012 tons gross, N Z Shipping Co 1878-95, G A Lindblan (Finnish) 1895-1910, R Mattson (Finnish) 1910-15, Torpedoed off Isle of Wight 6.5.1915, Fleet of five sister ships, Waipa, Ruri, Maki. Reproduced in `The Sailing Ships of the NZSC' by Alan Bott (Lond. 1972), pl 54. p 83"
* Wreck at Waitarere Beach
Invercargill * photographed, probably in the 1890s. The Shaw, Savill & Albion Co sailing ship. under tow*
Inverurie * under tow
Jane s.s. * Carey Bay
ss Kent *
Jocelyn * a
Built in 1852by Mare of London as an auxiliary steamer originally for the East
India trade. Later purchased by Shaw Savill & Co. for Australasian trade,
with engines removed. Made two voyages to Port Chalmers, arriving on November 6
1873 and April 15 1888. This photograph can be dated to the latter voyage, from
the funnel of the refrigeration plant with which she was fitted in the 1880s.
She weighed 2138 tons. She was later bought by the Shaw, Savill Company and made several voyages to Auckland,
Wellington, Lyttelton and Port Chalmers.
Up to the year 1878 she was the biggest immigrant ship trading to New Zealand. She was also the first immigrant ship to arrive in Tauranga.
Loch Dee *(outer vessel) and Hurunui (on right) docked at Port Chalmers. Loch Dee
Lyttelton * built in 1879 but was wrecked at Timaru on June 12, 1886
Maitai* The wreck of the ship Maitai *at Rarotonga on 25 December 1916
Margaret Galbraith* a figurehead* In the background is a building with the sign `Shaw Savill Albion Co. Limited Export Store' printed on its roof. Sailed under the Shaw Savill flag, and made 21 voyages to the several ports of New Zealand between 1873-1900. She came to grief in 1905. She sailed from the River Plate for England with a cargo of grain, and on leaving port she stranded and became a total loss on 27 March 1905. (Source: `White Wings, Vol. I')
ss Mamari *
* and Sir Henry, alongside Joseph Sparrow's ironworks, Port Chalmers. Topsail
schooner `Marmion' (left) and the ship `Sir Henry' at Post Chalmers. They are
berthed alongside Joseph Sparrow's ironworks. The `Marmion' was built at Mahurangi in 1874. She went missing in 1899. (Information from `A Maritime Heritage; The Lore of Sail in New Zealand' by Clifford W Hawkins, 1978, page 55)
s.s. Mataroa * and Port Pirie
dock*. Built in 1868, and was formerly known as the 'Dunfellan'. Purchased by
the NZSCo. in 1874. Fitted with Harkin's Patent Freezing Machinery and took the
second cargo of frozen meat from New Zealand in 1882. She was later sold and
renamed the 'Alida'.
ss Morayshire * 1899 Identical photograph, with accompanying information, in `Ships with New Zealand Association' by Rex Hardy, Vol 10, 89
Nelson Iron ship built 1874 by Robert Duncan. Owned first by Patrick Henderson, then by Shaw Savill & Co. Sailed to Port Chalmers 14 times between December 1874 and August 1889.
a figurehead*, in
Opawa * built in 1876 and weighed 1076 tons gross. She was operated by the New Zealand Shipping Company between 1876 and 1899. She was torpedoed in the North Sea 14 March 1917
Otago * at Chaslands Mistake, 4 December 1874
A figurehead is also visible. Built as Greenock in 1869. Prior to coming to New
Zealand she traded between the Clyde and India. She first arrived in NZ on May 6
from Gravesend with 5 saloon passengers and 98 immigrants, landing at Auckland.
She made three more trips to NZ, once in 1874, once in 1883, and again in 1891,
landing each time at Port Chalmers.
s.s. Penguin *
Peter Denny * Was a fast ship, near 1000 tons, built for the Albion Company in 1865 by Duthie of Aberdeen Scotland, for use as a vessel for immigration. During the first five voyages from 1865-1872, she brought out a total of 376 passengers. The Peter Denny was She made seven trips to Port Chalmers between 1865-1874. (Information from 'White Wings: fifty years of sail in the New Zealand trade 1850-1900', Volume I by Henry Brett, 1924).
Union Steam Ship Company of New Zealand steamship Poherua, 1179 tons, built 1890
ex- Croydon, 1890 purchased from W. Connor, London and renamed, 1921 laid
up, 1924 scuttled. Dismantled and scuttled off N.Z. coast, February 1924.
Port Auckland *
s.s. Port Pirie *
* being towed to Dunedin
Ranee * The iron barque Ranee under repair at Port Chalmers, at some time between 1881 and 1896, Shipbuilders are replacing bow plating damaged in a collision. Built in 1864 by Hart of Liverpool, as the ship Cowasjee Jehangeer. She was renamed Ranee ca 1869, and converted to a barque ca 1881. She last appeared in Lloyd's register in 1896.
Henderson * painting
s.s. Rotomahana *
s. s Ruapehu
Sam Mendel* b. 1861. 1034 tons. Owned by J Coupland of Liverpool but chartered to Shaw Savill & Albion
* at Dunedin wharf
Splendid * whaling ship
Tahiti *and her engineers, 1915. R S Smith, Neil McCaig, W F McIntyre, W Sommerville, P M Cairns, A A Douglas, D L Mowatt, J A Thomson, L A Calvert and C Buchan.
Tilikum * boat
Timaru * built in 1874 for the Albion Line. Sold in 1900, she was wrecked in 1907. docked*
ss Upolu *
Victoria * in Port Chalmers graving dock
* built in 1868. She was wrecked at Algoa Bay, South Africa in 1902.
* being towed a
Waikato in dry dock. Built by Blumer & Co. Sunderland in 1874 and later sold to the Germans who renamed it `Pfluger'. It was re-named `Coronado' by the Americans.
Wakatipu* b 1876. 1796 tons gross. U.S.S. Co 1878-1924. Broken up at Sydney. Sinks the Laira* at Dunedin Wharf on 2 April 1898
* Built in 1874. With Albion Co, then Shaw Savill and Albion Co, from 1874-1904.
Sold to Norwegian buyers 1904. Foundered 1906. Made 12 voyages to Port Chalmers,
between February 1875 and January 1900.
Deer * The prow of the ship & crew*
Wild Duck *
Chalmers* in the 1880s, with Dodsons Hotel on the left
Port Chalmers wharf
Spar Torpedo boat *
Garthsnaid at sea, circa 1920s*
Daily Southern Cross, 12 December 1868, Page 4
The Otago Daily Times says: The facilities for docking and undocking vessels of a medium tonnage at Port Chalmers should be widely known by those interested in shipping throughout New Zealand and elsewhere. An example of the dispatch which the Floating Dock Company can give was shown yesterday. Early in the morning the Panama Company's s.s Airedale was undocked, and the steamer Wainui taken in the same tide. The Airedale only arrived from Northern ports on Thursday last, dropping her anchor at 9 a.m. She docked at 1p m. the same day, and during her short stay she was thoroughly scraped, cleaned, and overhauled. Her hull which was coated with two coats of patent paints was found to be in a fine state of preservation, in fact it appeared as if she had not been many months launched. A small patch of a new patent composition, for the preservation of iron ships under water, invented by the proprietors of the dock, was placed on her run for an experiment, and should it prove of value it will, no doubt, be generally brought into use. The Airedale on being undocked, was immediately hauled alongside the Company's hulk, where she received her outward supply of coal, and sailed for Northern ports last evening. The dock was pumped out dry at midday, with the Wainui inside. Her bottom was found to be very foul, and portions of the copper knocked off, and loose on the keel. A day or two will put all to rights again. Captain Kennedy, of the Airedale, expressed himself highly pleaded with the dock arrangement, and has taken north with him several photographs, by Mr. Demaus, of his vessel in dock.