The clipper ship Crusader made 28 voyages to New Zealand (1871-1897), including thirteen to Lyttelton and averaged 91 days. This iron ship was built 1865 by Connell, of Glasgow and launched in March 1865. Her registered measurements being: net tonnage 1058; gross 1058; length 210ft; breadth 35.1ft; depth 21.4ft. When she first traded to New Zealand she was owned by the Albion Line, and was painted black, with a yellow streak; and when the company amalgamated in 1883 with the Shaw Savill company, she had painted port holes.
Departed Arrived Days Captain Comments 17/12/1870 13/03/1871 86 Kerr cabin passengers 22/12/1871 31/03/1872 99 Sutherland unable to find arrival in The Star 11/10/1872 05/01/1873 81 Sutherland list (offsite) McCully 03/11/1873 01/02/1874 90 Sutherland list (offsite) 26/09/1874 31/12/1874 96 Renaut list (offsite) 31/10/1875 08/02/1876 99 Renaut below 18/10/1876 13/01/1877 87 Llewellyn Davies no list in The Star 21/07/1877 21/10/1877 83 Llewellyn Davies no list in The Star 12/07/1878 11/10/1878 91 L Davies list 24/06/1879 24/09/1879 92 L. Davies Saloon passengers 04/07/1880 07/10/1880 95 Llewellyn Davies list 15/12/1882 23/03/1883 98 Llewellyn Davies list 11/05/1889 16/08/1889 97 Perriam unable to find arrival in The Star
The Star, Monday, March 13 1871
March 13 - Crusader, ship, Kerr, from London - off the heads. The s.s. Mullogh was engaged to tow her in. This fine clipper vessel, commanded by Captain Kerr, formerly of the ship Chariot of Fame, arrived and anchored yesterday afternoon off Rhodes' Bay, after a splendid passage of 82 days. She has powder on board, and therefore could not come up to an anchorage off the town. Messrs Cameron Bros. s.s. Mullogh was chartered to take down the health officers, and left the wharf at 3.30 pm. The ship was found to be free from sickness and was passed. The Crusader is a fine vessel, similar to the Zealandia, being a sister ship. She left the docks on the 17th December and the Downs on the 21st. Landed the pilot; and left Start Point on the 22nd; crossed the Equator on January 11; passed the meridian of the Cape on Feb. 4; sighted the Snares on March 8, and Dunedin on the 10th. In the passenger list we notice the names of several old colonists, amongst whom is Mr Hay of Pigeon Bay, who has brought out some valuable stock for himself and for Mr Boag, but we regret to state that during the voyage he lost a valuable Durham cow, and also some fine Leicester ewes.
The Star Tuesday March 14 1871
Arrived March 13 Crusader, ship, 1058 tons, Kerr, from London.
Passengers - Cabin: Bell Mr and Mrs C.L. Bell Beckett Mrs C.L. Cattlin Mr A Gardiner Mr F Ruddiford Miss Willis Miss Willis Mr W.J. and two children Second Cabin: Campbell Mr Campbell Miss Harrison Miss M Hay Messrs T and R Homey Mr Jones Mr and Mrs Leader Mr L Marshall Mr and Miss Mathews Miss Price Miss L Scanlan Mr Tribe Mr J.B.
Timaru Herald 1873
Port of Timaru. Arrived January 11 1873- Beautiful Star, s.s, 126 tons, Hart, from Lyttelton. Passengers - Mrs Wade and child, Mrs H. Guilbert, and 20 immigrants ex Crusader, a good number of whom were Germans.
1874 Crusader, 1058 tons, Captain: Renaut
Surgeon Superintendent: Dr John Guthrie
b. Feb 1850 at Watlington, Oxfordshire married Emily
Harman born 12 Aug. 1852 in Pyrton, Oxfordshir. They immigrated to New
Zealand leaving Plymouth England 25 Sept. 1874 on the
"Crusader" and arrived in Lyttelton , NZ on 31 Dec. 1874
The Christchurch Press Wednesday 16 April 1924
Obituary - Mrs T.O. HAY of Pigeon Bay, Banks Peninsula -
Word was received in Christchurch yesterday by cable of the death of Mrs T.O. Hay in Bournemouth on the 14th inst. Mrs Hay was the only daughter of the late Rev. Dr John GUTHRIE, of Glasgow. She arrived in New Zealand by the Crusader in 1874 accompanied by her brother Dr John Guthrie. Another brother Dr T.O. Guthrie followed a year or two later. In 1875 she married the late T.O.Hay, Annandale, was her home in Pigeon Bay for over 30 years. ----- lots more
LANE, William Phillip, formerly Chief Cook at the Levels Station, was born at Maidstone, Kent, England in 1870 and accompanied his parents to Lyttelton in the ship "Crusader" in 1874. He was educated at Timaru, learned the business of a baker and pastry cook and worked at his trade till the maritime strike in 1890 when he was appointed chief cook at the Levels estate, and except for a year held the position continuously until the estate was sold to the Government in 1903. Mr. Lane resides on a nice little property in the Seadown district. He was married in July, 1896, to a daughter of Mr. S. Cain, of Seadown, and has one son and two daughters.
The Lysaght Family
Mary Grace Caroline Lysaght 1850?-1936, artist. Painted a beautiful watercolour of Mount Four Peaks from Albury [188-] Eldest child of James Richard and Frances Charlotte (nee Gardiner) Lysaght (1828-15 Sept. 1907 Mokoia). Born at Adbury, Hants. Left England with parents and nine brothers and sisters 1873, on the "Crusader", arriving Lyttelton, 1874. Father bought 500 acres of farm land and leased another 2000 acres at Mokaia, near Hawera, South Taranaki, in 1875, and farmed it till death in 1900. Francis was buried at the Hawera cemetery. As a memorial to her husband James, who had died in 1899, Frances had St James' Anglican Church at Mokoia built in 1905. This church was demolished in 1992, and much of the material and stained glass windows, are now incorporated in the extension of St Mary's Anglican Church, Hawera, creating a large foyer and offices. Annie Caroline Lysaght of Hawera made a camping trip to Mount Cook in 1877. Annie later married Thomas Henry Wigley.
Puschel family came with their parents, John Carl Christian, and Hansine
Nielsmine Hansen Puschel. These were Johanna, Augusta, Matilda Wilhelm and
Emil arrived at Lyttelton on the ship Crusader Nov 25, 1874.
SUMMERFIELD, Henry b 1841, Baulden England. His parents were William and Mary (nee Jennings). He married Rebecca Richardson in 1865 in Maulden, England. He came to NZ in 1874 on the "Crusader" then remarried to the above Mary Anne Forbes.
WRIGHT:- From Essex, England, came to Kaiapoi/Oxford, Christchurch, NZ,
1874, on the Crusader. James and Ann (Hannah Ann) had James (12),
Mary (8) and William (6) with them. James junior married Ann Grant (see
eventually settled in Taranaki.
Arrived - February 8, Crusader, ship, 1084 tons, Reuaut, from London. after a passage of ninety-nine days. Left the Start three hours after the Otaki, and arrived here just three hours after that vessel. It is very remarkable fact that two vessels, should after a voyage of 16,000 miles, arrive at the same time. Left Gravesend on October 31, 1875, with light southerly winds down the Channel. Landed the pilot off the Start Point on November 2, and took our departure from Bishop's Rock on November 3, with light westerly breeze. One birth occurred during the passage. The greater number of the saloon passengers will proceed to Wellington and Nelson by steamer. Passengers: [ ] from The Star Feb. 9th 1876
Saloon: Able A.V. Blakesley P. Bunhanan P.V. Forbes Miss J. Gurney J. Hollows B.T. McKenzie J.W. More W.M and F.E. [Moore] Munroe Dr. and Mrs. Misses Munroe (4), Masters Munroe (3) Olliver A.R., Miss Olliver C., Miss Olliver Reily G.N. [Edgar Miss] [Snowdon Mr and Mrs] [Thursby Colonel]
Second Cabin: Clephenson Miss Murphy Miss Roscoe Mrs, Misses Roscoe (2) Tennant Dr. and Mrs and three children Turner Mr and MrsSteerage: Adams J. Allerton Masters (3) Anstey J. [Austey] Ayr A. Bradley H. Collins G.G. Harvie Mr and Mrs and five children Heath W.M. Holdsworth W.G. [W.H.] Leggeth N. [Pymn G.] Robinson H. Singleton Mr and Mrs and infant White J. Wilson R.
The Star Monday 15 January 1877 pg 2
The ship Crusader arrived from London on Saturday evening having made the passage from Gravesend in 87 days, and 80 days from Start Point to the Snares. A change in command of this ship has taken place this year, in consequence of Captain Renaut remaining at home to take charge of the latest addition to the fleet, the Hermione. The gentleman at present in command of the crusader is Captain Llewellyn Davies, who makes his first visit to our port, his previous New Zealand trip having been to Wellington last year in the Plediades. The Crusader brings 31 saloon, and 37 second cabin and steerage passengers, all have arrived in excellent health and spirits The tedium of the passage was enlivened by all sorts of fun and amusements, and a fancy bazaar was instituted, the proceeds being devoted to the Seaman's Orphan Asylum. The medical officer, Dr Wine, has fortunately not had a very onerous task to fulfill on the voyage, as good health prevailed all through. One fine blood mare, rising three years old, has come out in splendid condition, to the order of Mr Thomas Hassal; the charge of her on the passage having been entrusted to Mr F. Clark, one of the passengers, who, by his attention and care, has succeeded in bringing her out looking as well as is possible. The Crusader was towed out of the East Indian Docks on Oct. 17, and anchored at Gravesend and towing as far as Dungeness and the tug cast off. Landed the pilot the next day.
The Star Friday October 11 1878 pg 2
Lyttelton - Arrived
Oct. 11- Orari, ship, 1015 tons, Mosey, from Wellington
Oct. 11 - Crusader, ship, 1048 tons, L. Davies, from London.
Passengers: Saloon - Addison Mrs Brittain Mrs and infant Brittain Master Gordon Cambridge Miss Fox Mr J.H. Fox Mrs F Fox Miss E.M. Fox Miss Catherine Fox Miss Emily C. Fox Miss Margaret C. Fox Mr John Fox Masters Walter, Phillip and Ernest Izon Mr W.H. Keene Mr A.A. Lavers Mr and Mrs William Lavers Masters Thomas and William Lavers Misses Lillian and Elizabeth McKay Dr and Mrs Mitchell Miss Norton Mrs Pollock Mr A.E. Wilkinson Miss Second Cabin: Colbourn Mr H.J. Elliot Mr W Smith Mr and Mrs George Smith Miss Christina Smith Miss Algra Smith Masters William and Lionel Steerage: Clark Mr G.S. Dixon Mr W. Grove Mr J. Gurney Mr and Mrs Cecil Harley Mrs Johnson Mr E Jones Mr D Laurie Mr W.B. Lauyon Mr D Paschell Mr and Mrs John Paschell Misses Johanna, Augusta, Matilda and Emily Paschell Mr W.J. Piper Mr W Smith Mr and Mrs William and infant Smith Miss Jane Smith Masters William and John Trethway Mr J
This favourvite ship of Messrs Shaw, Saville and Co.'s fleet arrived from London this morning, after a good passage of 91 days from the Downs, or 82 days from land to land, the best passage for some time pass. Capt. L. Davies is still in command. The Crusader has 63 passengers - 29 of whom are saloon, 8 second, and 25 steerage - all whom have arrived in the very best of health. One death, that of an infant of Mr and Mrs W.N. Smith, occurred on July 30, death resulting from acute laryngitis. The Crusader as a very large cargo, and comes consigned to Messrs Edwards. Bennet and Co. Departed from London 11 July 1878
ARRIVAL OF THE CRUSADER
Lyttelton Times September 25, 1879
Sept 24 - Crusader, ship, 1058 tons, Davies, from London. Edwards, Bennett and Co. agents.
Passengers: Saloon -Brough William F. Hanmers Mrs. F. Howse Alice Irving Dr. James Jessie, Edith, Mary, Wm., John, Elizabeth, Charles, Henry, Phillip Pope Walter H. Miller S.B. Lee Edward Purchas Charles W. Elizabeth, Charles, Edward, Harold, Margaret, Duncan. Wm., Mary, Henry Russell Francis Scarcliffe Sarah Stoddart Mark P. Annie, Frances, Margaret, James, Agnes, Mary, John Tipping Coburg Annie E.12 second cabin, and 163 steerage.
The Star Thursday September 25th 1879 page 2 - tenth voyage
Messrs Shaw, Savill and Co.'s favourite ship the Crusader, Captain Llewellyn Davies, arrived from London, yesterday morning after a passage of 92 days from the Downs and 85 from the Channel, 83 days from Ushant to the Snares. This trip she brings 214 passengers, all told, of which 38 are saloon. One birth took place on August 4, when Mrs Rogers, a steerage passenger, was delivered of a son. Mr James Irving was the medical officer. Mr Richards still occupies the post of chief officer; while Mr Seabourne, who was third last voyage, has received a promotion, and now occupies the post of second; several others of the crew, steward, carpenter and boatswain, who have been in the vessel for some years, are still on board. Left East Indian Docks on June 21 and towed down to Greenhithe, where the compasses were adjusted, the emigration surveyor being onboard. Towed to Gravesend, where the remainder of the passengers embarked, and after being cleared by the medical officer, slipped from the bouys at 8 p.m. and towed as far as the Nore, bringing up at 11 p.m. Towed to the Downs next day and anchored at 5 30 p.m.. At 7 a.m. on Monday, June 23, weighed anchor and proceeded to work down the Channel under sail. Passed Beechy Head at noon next day, The Needles at noon June 25, and handed the pilot off the Start on June 26, at noon. Sighted the Lizard on June 27 and 28, Wolf Rock Light at 7.30 p.m. June 29, three miles north-west and Ushant Light that night. Sighted Cape Prior July 3....Sighted Akaroa Head at 5 p.m. on Sept. 22, and sailed around the Peninsula, but thick weather prevented anything being seen. Anchored at midnight in McIntosh Bay, in 16 fathoms of water. Got under weigh again next morning when the cable parted, and one side of the windlass smashed. Took the pilot aboard at 2 a.m. yesterday and was taken in tow by the p.s. Lyttelton at 7.30 a.m., arriving at the breakwater at 8.30 am.
Diary by Oliver Walton at the Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington
Crew Agreement etc. London 24-6-1879 to Lyttelton - London 10 May 1880 - Mitchell Library, Sydney, Box. Y 4491
The Star Wednesday, February 1880, page 2
Crusader ship 1084 tons, Llewellyn Davies, for London, Dalgety & Co. agents.
Passenger saloon - Mr and Mrs Charteris, Mr Pope
Second Cabin - Miss Stark
Steerage - Mr & Mrs Dawber and child, Mr & Mrs W.R. Prouse, Misses Fluke, Faville, Gould, Mr P. Escott.
The Star Thursday October 7 1880
Oct. 7 - Crusader, ship, Llewellyn Davies, from London. Edwards, Bennett and Co., agents.
Passengers - Saloon: Chilton Dr Norris Miss Perry Charles C Pillans W.S. Pillans Mrs Pillans W.S. Welch W.P. Welch Mrs Ann Welch Francis J Welch Charles
Second Cabin Davies Benjamin Ewart Samuel Gould Annie McKay A.M. Pearse Walter Scales Joseph Scales Ann Scales Mary Scales Edward Scales Ellen Scales Alfred Scales Annie Smith William Henry Smith Amelia Smith Ernest Smith Herbert F Smith Mary Ann Steel Bessie Topliss J.C. Trewin Samuel Watson Thomas W Watson Jane Watson Fanny Watson Charles Watson Robert J Watson Frank Watson Anthony Watson Vernon Watson Mabel Watson Lizzie
Steerage - Alexander Robert Armstrong William Bigmore J Bigmore Elizabeth Bigmore E Cooke Thomas Cooke Jane Crakford John Crawford John Davis John Davis Andrew Ealham William Farr Edward L Ford A. Gallagher Mary Gallagher Eliza Heymann Alfred Hollo?ay Kate Ives W.C.H.B. Ives Grace Ives Charles Ives William Ives Frederick Kave Hugh McClure Eliza Jane McClure Francis McCullum Daniel McCullum Robert McDonald Catherine McIntyre D McPhee George McPhee John Newton R Newton Mrs S Nixon James Pearce George W Philpot Alice Philpot George Plummer Benjamin Stem John P. Talbot J Tracey Susan W??xworth H.G. Weatherbourn William Weatherbourn Christina Youngmam H.H.
Messrs Shaw, Saville and co., ship Crusader, Captain Llewellyn Davies, arrived from London this morning, with a large complement of passengers. The passage being a long one for the Crusader, very light winds being met with from the time the pilot left the ship off the Start to 36deg. South on August 26. One death occurred during the passage - that of Charles Edwin Ives, aged two years, from acute bronchitis. measles were very prevalent at the outset of the passage, no less than fourteen cases being under treatment by Dr Maurice Chilton, who ably filled the post of medical officer. A starling incident occurred on Oct. 5 at 6.30 p.m., when one of the steerage passengers J. Talbot, who had been under medical treatment for some time, and during a fit of temporary insanity made an attempt on his life by cutting his throat. He fortunately only divided the superficial vessel of the neck, though owing to his age and other circumstances his life is still in danger. The passengers have all been remarkably comfortable on board, and Captain Davies has as usual been exceedingly popular from his kind and courteous treatment of al on board. The Crusader left Gravesend on July 3, so has been 95 days on the passage.
Oct. 7 - Hieronymus, German barque, 425 tons, Ipland, from
Oct. 7 - Arawata, s.s., 623 tons, Sinclair, from Melbourne, via Hobart and South. Passengers - Miss Mercer and child, Miss Bathgate, Mrs Smith, Messrs Ford, Musgrave, Stavely, Beaver, Pattison, Damitessy
1883 - 14th Voyage
AUTON, Christopher. Born: 1852, Eavestone, Yorkshire, England. Son of William Auton and Hannah Ingleby. Married his second cousin Margaret Ann Auton. Emigrated to New Zealand in 1883 on the Ship "Crusader" and emigrated again to Queensland Australia around 1910. Occupation: Farmer. Children: Elizabeth Jane, Joseph William, Annie Louisa, Sarah, Christopher Albert, John Arthur. Resided at Lepper Rd, New Plymouth in New Zealand
Copy of Diary of Ann Sutherland
at the Canterbury Museum, Christchurch, N.Z.
Passenger contract ticket George Poole and family, 22 Sept. 1874 at the Canterbury Museum Archives, Christchurch,
Timaru Herald Saturday 25th July 1891
The Crusader,1038 tons, Perrian, is expected to get away for Callao to-morrow morning. 27th. She cleared Customs on Saturday and the winds suiting sails for Callao this morning. She was towed out. She had on board 850 tons of flour from Atlas, and 250 tons from the Belford mill, and 2075 sacks barley. This vessel has eclipsed all previous records in the loading of a ship at Timaru. She began last Monday morning to put out 300 tons of ballast and take in a full cargo of sacked stuff, and could have been a full ship on Friday night, but had to wait for the last lots till Saturday.
For those with ancestors on the Crusader , there is a bonus, a book
"The Clipper Ship Crusader" by Mark W. Woodfield in conjunction with the Clipper Ship Crusader Association. 163p, H/B, Dj, 21 cm. [Christchurch, N.Z. : Turners Ltd. on behalf of the Clipper Ship Crusader Association, 1928]. Memories & Records of over fifty Years Pioneering, with Special Reference to Voyages 1874-1879. Profusely illustrated with 5 plates and 32 other illustrations. Mostly personal reminiscences, some of Irish interest. Passengers on the 5th voyage (September - December 1874, to Lyttelton) formed the Crusader Association and held a reunion in 1925. Includes a description of the voyage, complete list of passengers, reports on the voyage and arrival in Lyttelton. Biographies of John Henry Timms, Captain C.H. Renaut, Richard Bickerton Dalley, Mr and Mrs Joshua Singleton and their son, Joshua; Mrs T.O. Hay (nee Guthrie). Obituaries for Timms, Peter Honeybone, John Horton, Mark Woodfield, H. Voice, Mrs S. White, George Quartermain, Sarah Connor (nee Ewing), Henry Hearn, Mary Ann Hearn (nee Clay), Mr and Mrs J. Lilley, Robert Ewing. Also includes the surgeon's log, Dr J. Irving, from 1879 voyage to Lyttelton, and a brief report from 1872-3 voyage. The Surgeon's Log of Dr J. Irving
The Star Saturday 27 October 1900 Deaths
Irving - Oct. 26, 1900, at his residence, Victoria Square, suddenly, James Irving, M.D., aged sixty-four. [James IRVING was born at Gosforth, Cumberland, in 1836. He studied medicine at Edinburgh, and was ship's doctor when the Crusader came to Lyttelton in 1879. A book, The Clipper Ship Crusader, contains his diary. Broken up 1910. Dr Irving had his own private hospital The Limes, where the Christchurch Town Hall now stands. Inside the Town Hall there is a conference room called The Limes Room. James is buried at Barbadoes Cemetery, Christchurch]
Christchurch Library cemetery database QUARTERMAIN, GEORGE
Date of death: Friday, 13 February 1903
Cemetery: Linwood Cemetery
Age: 69 years
Address: East Belt
Place of birth: England
Years in New Zealand: 27
Timms, John Henry
Date of death: Thursday, 6 June 1935
Cemetery: Bromley Cemetery
Age: 69 years
Address: 16 Matlock St, ChCh
Place of birth: England
Years in New Zealand: 60
Captain C.H. Renaut
Captain C.H. Renaut for commanded the Renaut for two voyages1874 and 1876 previously commanded the Celaeno, from 1864 until 1873. Upon leaving the Crusader he took command of the Pleione, and sailed for Wellington, arriving there on 31st March, 1877, and was later appointed London manager to the Wellington Gear Meat Company, a position which was later filled by one of his sons, Mr F.W. Renaut, after his father's death, which occurred in 1915. Mr C.H. Renaut's father, Captain William Renaut, arrived in Dunedin as far back as 1848 in he ship Blundell. This was the first ship to enter on the customs records at Port Chalmers, and was the first ship that came out in connection with the Otago Settlement scheme. Captain C.M. Renaut, another son of Captain C.. H. Renaut, served for eleven years in various vessels belonging to the Shaw, Savill and other companies. In 1897 he entered service of the Union S.S. company. Later he was appointed Government surveyor of ships to the New Zealand Marine Department, and was acting in this position in Auckland for several years. He was them senior surveyor at Lyttelton prior to his departure in April 1923. Reference: White Wings, Vol. 1 pg 36
The following "The Farthest Promised Land" by Professor Rollo Arnold of Victoria University, Wellington.
On 26 September Oxfordshire emigrants sailed from Plymouth in the Crusader, as members of a party led by George Allington, and several families from Ascott-under-Wychwood were among them. They included Frederick Pratley, a 31-year-old farm labourer, his wife Mary Ann aged 31, and their six children. This is almost certainly the Mary Pratley who was imprisoned with her ten-weeks-old child in May 1873. The child appears as Thomas, aged one, on the passenger list. Among the single women imprisoned was a Mary Smith, who also appears to have been in the Crusader's party, as the oldest of the family of eight travelling with Edwin Smith, 43-year-old farm labourer, and his wife Harriet. Mary was not at home the night of the 1871 census, but she is listed as an 18-year-old servant girl in the ship's passenger list. The secretary of the Ascott branch of the union, John Tymms, a 33-year-old farm labourer, accompanied by his wife and six children, also sailed with Allington. He had been a regular member of delegate meetings of the Oxford district.103 Two other small Ascott families were in the party, headed by younger farm labourers, Peter Honeybone, 30 and Eli Pratley, 28. Possibly all of these families had been represented at the meeting held in the Ascott Baptist chapel on Monday, 1 June 1874, to celebrate the first anniversary of the release of the imprisoned women. The National Union also sent further parties, including 200 by the Crusader in September, led by George Allington, a Warwickshire delegate of the union.
NZ 1990 80 cent stamp Heritage Ships Crusader
She was eventually sold to the Norwegians for £2950 and broken up 1910
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