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THE

The Lyttelton Times


Vol. 1.     No.1.   SATURDAY, JANUARY 11, 1851.  PRICE SIXPENCE.


VOYAGES OF THE FIRST FOUR SHIPS.
We have been favoured with the following accounts of the first ships, by passengers on board:
passenger list

THE "CRESSY"

On the morning of Sep. 4th, 1850 the barque,  "Cressy," 720 tons, J.D. Bell, master, left Gravesend, and was towed down the river.  She sailed down the Channel, was nearly becalmed off the Isle of Wight, and did not drop anchor in Plymouth Sound before 3 in the morning of Sept. 7.  At midnight she left Plymouth, and had an excellent run out of Channel.  On the 10th she was almost clear of the Bay of Biscay, the nearest land begin Corunna- the antipodes of Lyttelton- but far from her.  Five days of very light winds succeeded, and on the18th we made Maderia, and passed to the westward of it; on the 20th made Palma and Teneriffe; on the morning of the 26th made S. Antonio, passed to W. of all the islands, and ran as far as 26.26 W.  We had no N.E. trades; and on the 30th, after crossing the parallel of 10 N., met a breeze from the southward, were fifteen days beating against it, and at length crossed the line in about 25 W.  The S.E. trade came more and more from the eastward, and the extreme westing of the ship was 32.54 on the 24th October, in lat.20.51 S.  For five days we made a course nearly due S., then began to make some easting with strong and fair winds.  We passed above 60 degrees to the N. of Tristan d' Acuncha, sighting the snowy summit of the mountain over the clouds on November 6.  From the 3rd to the 8th made little way, and then commenced a good run.  From Nov. 9 to Dec. 5 ran down 100 degrees of longitude between the parallels of 37.30 and 40 S., passing about six miles to the southward of St. Paul's on Dec. 1.  After a good run, found ourselves in lat. 47.30 S., 162.43 E. on Dec. 21, and stood on between the Snares and Traps; had no sight on the 22nd or 23rd, but rough and bad weather.  Made land on the evening of the 23rd, and stood more to the N.  Made Cape Molyneux on the 24th, stood out for Bank's Peninsula, and at last anchored in Port Victoria before noon on the 27th of December, begin 110 days from Plymouth Sound.  The fore-top-mast having been sprung S. of the Cape will account in a great measure for the length of the passage; no confidence could be placed in it; the fore-topsail was reefed whenever the breeze  freshened.  The ship has now landed 200 emigrants; more than 90 children had embarked in her, but two who were brought aboard in a most state sickly did not survive many days.  One child was born as we entered the Pacific.  During the greater part of the passage it was necessary to watch one gentleman and keep him under constant restraint, his mind deranged, and he has been safely landed, as we would hope. in a better state of mind.

Such is a rough sketch of the "Cressy's" passage, and the melancholy event which cast a gloom over our little party.  The details of many incidents, which are faithfully recorded in the "Cressy Times," would have little interest for the general reader. We were dull at Gravesend; the dinner given to the emigrants was followed by too many partying scenes to allow any merriment, and it was with gloomy thoughts and low spirits that one passenger took possession of a comfortable cabin aboard the "Cressy".  But when the ship dropped anchor down the river, the feeling of being afloat had its usual exhilarating influence;  the ties of Old England were forgotten by the least sanguine, as they cherished the prospect of a better country;  and if a thought of home would occasionally return there was little time for these contending emotions.  One new feeling soon absorbed all others.  We rounded the N. Foreland, and sentiment gave way to sea-sickness.   What a spectacle does an emigrant-ship present on such occasions, and how particularly dismal was the "Cressy" with her youthful family of ninety!  But the distress was temporary.  In a few days after touching at Plymouth we were on the broad Atlantic, with the wonders of the ocean before us, and a few, if any, of our passengers viewed them with indifference.

We passed near Madeira in most lovely weather, and were equally fortunate off the Canaries, having a clear view of the distant peak.  On the 30th a boat from the H.M. brig, "Madeira". boarded us and took our letters home.   In a few days the Bank-agent, who had been the mostly lively guest at the cuddy-table shewed great excitement, and a fixed antipathy to one of the passengers.   On Oct. 9, it became necessary to secure him, and for some weeks was watched by his fellow passengers.  As he became less violent, his wife was able to stay with him, and under her control he has become quiet.  But one feeling of sympathy exists for the lady under so sudden and awful visitation.  We had little merriment to welcome Neptune when we crossed the line, but fair winds in the south latitudes soon put us in good humour with our vessel.  All became nautical, and the passenger who did not know the ship's longitude, and the distance run daily, was viewed with some contempt by his companions.  We had sights of the sun nearly every day until we neared our new country, but thick weather, when we most needed a clear sky, for two successive days, a bad specimen for of our future climate.  How wretched was the longest day! Then how variable the weather-reefed topsails at nine, the ship becalmed at noon! in short we took the English privilege of a 'good growl'. But we had reason to be most thankful for the escape of a midshipman, who fell overboard when a high sea was running.  A boat was lowered, and he was picked up a long way astern; we did not know that he had been saved, until we saw him nearly lifeless in the boat on its return.  We spent Christmas day most pleasantly at sea, and on the 27th came into Port Victoria with as good grace as the last in a race can hew to his competitors.

Two circumstances may have contributed to preserve the general health on board the "Cressy."  The ship was not becalmed in the tropics, and in the hottest part of the world the foul breeze which delayed her was too strong to allow any great heat to be felt on board.  Again, the captain deserves our thanks for consulting the health and comfort of his passengers in not running further southward, when a shorter passage might have been made in colder latitudes.

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Crew Members: The Cressy sailed from Port Lyttelton on May 22 1851 and arrived in Galle, Colombo 10 June 1851, Madras 16 June 1851 before returning to England. Onboard was Eugene Winston, 17 year old Londener Thomas Clibborn MONTANO and Thomas Knight WORTHINGTON a 13 year old apprentice. Thomas had joined the Cressy at London on 30 August 1850, his first voyage, and left it on 29 December 1851 at London. Register of Seaman's Tickets 1845-54 are at the PRO Kew includes DOB and address. Reference: Coopers & Customs Cutters by Janet R. Worthington. Published by Phillimore & Co. Ltd, West Sussex.1997

William HARE who had been a cuddy servant on the Cressy before deserting on arrival at Lyttelton. He married Caroline Orchard a Randolph passenger.

POLICE REPORT

Before John Robert Godley, Esq., Resident Magistrate

January 3 - Samuel BISHOP, merchant seaman, was brought up charged with larceny, in having unlawfully taken the ship's boat, and also with desertion from the barque "Cressy."  The charge with larceny not having been proceeded with, the prisoner was convicted of the minor offence, and sentenced to a fortnight's imprisonment.

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Glossary:
antipodes
: those living on the opposite side of the globe
Bay of Biscay: bay off the west coast of France
Corunna: La Coruna. seaport N.W. Spain
Madeira: Island, Atlantic Ocean, off Portugal N. of the Canary Is.
Palma: Seaport, Palma de Mallorca, is situated on the SW coast of Majorca
Teneriffe: Canary Island off the coast of Morocco in the N. Atlantic Ocean
S. Antonio: small coastal town, Angola, Africa
Tristan d' Acuncha: Tristan da Cunba, small group of islands in the south Atlantic Ocean
St. Paul's: volcanic islet in the Indian Ocean, uninhabited
stays: to put on the other tack; to go about
wear: to bring ship on the other tack by presenting stern to wind. Opposite - to tack.

Lloyd's Register CRESSY (1851)
Master:  Captain J. Bell
Rigging:  Bark; sheathed in felt and yellow metal in 1850
Tonnage:  634 tons using old measurements and 720 tons using new measurements
Construction:  1843 in Sunderland
Owners:  D. Dunbar
Port of registry:  London
Port of survey:  London
Voyage:  sailed for New Zealand

Passenger Lists of Canterbury Association Ships. 1900.
The Christchurch Museum Archives has the Canterbury Association Shipping Papers.
Jottings by an old Wesleyan Pilgrim
[broken link]
Bridal Path
Cressy Landing image image
Chokebore - cannot find him on the passenger list. Maybe he was a crew member?

"Charlotte Jane"
"Randolph"
"Sir George Seymour"
Lyttelton Times Extract
Nautical Terminology

New Zealand Bound