The Cornwall, 580 ton barque left London/Gravesend 15 August 1851 and arrived at Port Cooper (Lyttelton) 10 December 1851 and continued on 2 January for Wellington and Nelson. List of Persons whom the Canterbury Association have authorized to embark for Canterbury, New Zealand.
Shipping Office, Canterbury Association, 74, Cornhill. August 12, 1851
William Dawson, Commander, Dr. Phillips, Surgeon-Superintendant, Frederick Young, Manger of Shipping
Luke, T.E. for Nelson
Mason (?Maser), Thomas for Wellington
Philips, Dr. John Roy Surgeon
Twigger, J. Rev'd.
Worsley, Harvey, H.
22 = 26 souls
Second CabinAdnam Mr. 42 M Borris J.D. 20 M for Nelson Borris Joseph 20 M for Nelson Canning Charles 23 M for Wellington Canning John D. 30 M for Wellington Edwards Charles 35 M Y 6 Edwards Charles 2 M Edwards Edward 7 M Edwards Emma 5 F Edwards Henry 9 M Edwards James inf M Edwards Sarah 34 F Y 6 Edwards William 11 M Green Harriett 10 F for Nelson Green Mrs. H. 40 F for Nelson Green Naomi W. 28 F for Nelson Harris John 40 M Y Harris Mrs. 40 F Y Iliff William 26 M for Wellington Innes David 25 M Mallock J.W. 23 M Meller J. 28 M Perkins Margaret 28 F for Wellington Peugh Edward 19 M for Wellington Ross M. Elizabeth inf F for Wellington Ross Mary 30 F Y 1 Ross Richard 31 M Y 1 for Wellington Squire Charles inf M Squire John 18mon M died on voyage Squire Louisa Eliza 4 F Squire Mary Ann Sarah2 F Squire Mr. 28 M Y 4 for Nelson Squire Mrs. 26 M Y 4 Tyler C.A. 20 M for Wellington Welsh Miss. 22 F for Wellington Whiteman Alice 32 F Worsley's nurse Woolgrove Thomas 24 M
Wagg, David 43 Tailor for Nelson
Wagg, Eleanor 43
Steerage free & assistedBennett Harriett 17 F Domestic Servant Boag William 23 M Shepherd Brown John 27 M Ag. Laborer Clegg John 16 M Cummings Harriet 32 F Y 1 Cummings William 8 M Cummings William 34 M Y 1 Laborer Dillon Alfred 3 M Dillon Arethusa 6 F Dillon Ellen 33 F Y 4 Dillon Ellen 11 F Dillon Thomas 34 M Y 4 Stock Keeper This man work his way out. Dillon Thomas 9 M Flavell Eliza 3 F Flavell Elizabeth 27 F Y 3 Flavell Harriett 5 F Flavell Henry 27 M Y 3 Tailor Flavell Sarah inf F Gregory Ann 25 F Domestic Servant Lewis Arthur 2 M Ag. Laborer Lonely Catherine 18 F Mawson Ann 3 F Mawson Eleanor 33 F Y 5 Mawson Eleanor 9 F Mawson Hannah 7 F Mawson Isaac 33 M Y 5 Shepherd Mawson Jane 11 F Mawson John 1 M Meddings Alice inf F Died on the voyage Meddings George 29 M Y 2 Wheelwright Meddings Hannah 27 F Y 2 Meddings John 4 M Milverston W. Jacobs 12 M Papprill Joseph William 20 M Laborer Popplewell Cedelia inf F Popplewell J.J. 23 M Y 2 Laborer Popplewell Joseph 2 M Popplewell Susannah 26 F Y 2 Preston Elizabeth 26 F Y Preston Thomas 32 M Y Groom Price Agnes inf F Price Jean 30 F Y 2 Price Peter 2 M Price Peter 24 M Y 2 Tailor Russell Cordelia unk F Domestic Servant Seager W.E. 23 M Blind Maker Stevens Selina 19 F Y Stevens Solomon 20 M Y Ag. Laborer
Y = spouse
# = children
Summary Chief Cabin 22 26 Second 29� 37 Steerage 2 2 Steerage (free & assisted) 36 49 Total 89� 114 souls 2 dead 112 souls landed
Reference: Canterbury Association Shipping Office (London, England) Lyttelton Shipping List Published: Salt Lake City, Utah : Genealogical Society of Salt Lake City, 1973. Copy of passenger lists of some Canterbury Association emigrant ships held in the Canterbury Museum. Available on microfilm at Family History Centres worldwide through their loan programme. Item #1066515
GENT family Chas, James, Edward, William, Edward, Sarah appear in Passenger Lists of the Canterbury Association Ships, published 1900 but not on the above list.
Dillon: Information courtesy of Peter Dillon. All six DILLONs on the 'Cornwall' passenger list are the same family. Arethusa was really called Frederick and was male, not female. I have never been able to discover why the name Arethusa is there in the passenger list, maybe the clerk writing it down got it wrong. Maybe it was a nickname, but there is no other record of Frederick being called Arethusa, which is a female name derived from a nymph in Greek mythology. It has commonly been used as a name for British ships, especially warships, and some have been famous, including the 'saucy Arethusa' which was involved in a battle with the French in 1778. There was even an Arethusa which brought passengers to New Zealand. There is now an Arethusa class of British war vessel.
The barrack arrangements for the 'Cornwall' show Frederick's name properly,
Barrack Arrangements: Cornwall Papers # 454
Canterbury Museum Archives Christchurch
Cabin A4 : W1 Wm CUMMINGS Laborer 34
Maria CUMMINGS 32
Wm CUMMINGS 8
W2 Hy FLAVELL Tailor 27
Elizabeth FLAVELL 27
Harriet FLAVELL 5
Eliza FLAVELL 3
Sarah FLAVELL infant
(W3?) D. WAGG Tailor 43 [his name was David]
Eleanor WAGG 43
W4 Ths DILLON Butcher 34
Eleanor DILLON 33
Ellen DILLON 11
Thomas DILLON 9
Frederick DILLON 7
Alfred DILLON 3
Frederick and his brothers Thomas & Alfred were baptised during the voyage of the 'Cornwall' by the Rev. TWIGGER (Cornwall Papers, Canterbury Museum Archives). Frederick was baptised as Frederick. The Rev. TWIGGER was somewhat disreputable: he caused problems during the voyage when in the grip of delirium tremens. Letitia Wilbee, a chief cabin passenger was the housekeeper to Rev. Twigger and had a child together had a child together (Elizabeth Ann Twigger WILBEE). Rev. TWIGGER met his end by drowning in the Avon River after drinking at the nearby White Hart Hotel. John Twigger
Chaplain's Report: Cornwall Papers # 444,
Form A : Register of Baptisms performed on board the ship :
Baptisms for October 5th 1851:
8� years Thomas Harford DILLON
7 years Frederick Nelson DILLON
3� years Alfred Wellington DILLON
Parents Thomas & Eleanor DILLON, father's profession, a butcher.
"I certify the above to be a true & correct account",
Jos. L. TWIGGER, Chaplain
The DILLONs had a previous go at NZ arriving 1842 at the new Nelson settlement on the 'Fifeshire'. They were no relation to the more well-known Constantine DILLON who also arrived at the new Nelson settlement a ship or two later. Thomas and Eleanor DILLON nee NOWELL and their infant daughter Ellen Jane DILLON were from Bath, England where Thomas came from a line of butchers, also called Thomas DILLON. Several DILLON relations & their descendants were also butchers in Bath. Eleanor's father, Joseph NOWELL, was also a butcher. Virtually all the DILLONs in Bath were connected. On the 'Fifeshire' to Nelson with the DILLONs was Maria NOWELL, a younger sister to Eleanor, but I have been unable to discover her subsequent history.
In Nelson Thomas was a butcher. Son Thomas Harford DILLON was born Dec 21 1841 in the Indian Ocean near the islands of St Paul & Amsterdam (according to an old family bible) during the voyage of the 'Fifeshire'. We assume that he was named for the captain of the vessel, Harford ARNOLD. The birth is recorded on a list of births & deaths re the voyage in the surgeon's papers for the 'Fifeshire' at National Archives. Frederick was Frederick Nelson DILLON born Nelson, NZ in 1844. Alfred Wellington DILLON was born at Wellington in 1847. Some time after 1847 the DILLONs went back to England. A child Francis Robert was born at Bristol. Francis Robert died in London in 1851 not long before the voyage on the 'Cornwall' to Lyttelton.
Regarding the passenger list of the CORNWALL:
The MacDonald Index card D288 says that one of the DILLON children on the ship CORNWALL was Arethusa. That name does appear in an original passenger list (CORNWALL PAPERS, Canterbury Museum) but I think it was a mistake by whoever made the passenger list in the first place, unless it was a nickname but I don’t think so. That child is actually Frederick Nelson DILLON who was born at Nelson in 1847. He appears as F. or F. N. or Frederick or Fred or Frederick Nelson in all other references to him in sources. For example the three brothers Tom, Fred and Alfred were baptised during the voyage of the CORNWALL to Canterbury in 1851 by Rev Josiah TWIGGER with Frederick baptised under his real name (CORNWALL PAPERS, Canterbury Museum). Fred is called Frederick in the 1851 census south of the Thames in the Blackfriars area of London not long before the voyage. it’s an interesting coincidence that the name of the parish in the census was Christ Church (the name of the local church) when of course the family was soon to head to Christchurch in NZ. The barrack arrangements for the ship CORNWALL in 1851 show Frederick’s name properly (CORNWALL PAPERS, Canterbury Museum). i.e. 30 Mar 1851 Census of England
@ 3 William Street, Christ Church, Southwark, London
Thomas DILLON Head Marr 34 Butcher b. Bath, Somerset
Ellen DILLON Wife Marr 33 Butchers Wife b. Bath, Somerset
Ellen DILLON Dau 11 Butchers Daur, Scholar b. Bath, Somerset
Thomas DILLON Son 09 Butcher’s Son, Scholar b. At Sea
Frederick DILLON Son 07 Butcher’s Son, Scholar b. Nelson, New Zealand
Alfred DILLON Son 03 Butcher’s Son, Scholar b. Wellington, New Zealand
Frank DILLON Son 6 mo Butcher’s Son b. Bristol, Glo’shire
- the 3 boys Thomas, Frederick and Alfred are bracketed together as being ‘British Subjects’. Thomas was born “at Sea” 12.30 pm Tuesday 21 Dec 1841 on the ship FIFESHIRE in the Indian Ocean near the islands of St Paul and Amsterdam on the way to the new Nelson settlement. I can be that specific because the details are in an old family bible. The report of the surgeon William SPENCE on the the ship FIFESHIRE confirms that Elenor DILLON had a male child born on that date (FIFESHIRE PAPERS, Archives NZ Wellington).
Frank is Francis Robert DILLON who was born at Bristol in 1850. He died a week after the census only 7 months old so did not make it to New Zealand. The youngest member of the family was Clara Thompson DILLON who wasn’t born until 25 Sep 1852 in Christchurch and was baptised at St Michaels in 1859.
Chaplain’s Report - Cornwall Papers # 444, Canterbury Museum Archives Christchurch
Form A : Register of Baptisms performed on board the ship :
Baptisms for October 5th 1851:
8½ years Thomas Harford DILLON
7 years Frederick Nelson DILLON
3½ years Alfred Wellington DILLON
parents Thomas & Eleanor DILLON, father’s profession, a butcher.
“I certify the above to be a true & correct account”, Jos. L. TWIGGER , Chaplain
Barrack Arrangements: Cornwall Papers # 454
Canterbury Museum Archives Christchurch W4
Ths DILLON Butcher 34
Eleanor DILLON 33
Ellen DILLON 11
Thomas DILLON 9
Frederick DILLON 7
Alfred DILLON 3
Alfred Wellington DILLON went to the gold rush at the Wakamarina diggings and did well. He then worked for a Mr ISADORE driving stagecoaches. Then he and a partner MCARTNEY bought out ISADORE. They ran coaches between Picton, Blenheim and the Wairau. Then Alfred went bullock driving in the Pelorus Sounds, then he had a stint waggon driving in Canterbury, then he took charge of a sawmill at Manaroa at Clova Bay, which is in the Pelorus Sounds. In 1877 he took the Commercial Hotel in Grove rd Blenheim 1877-1880, then the Awatere Accommodation House 1880-1883, then he bought a farm at Waikari in North Canterbury. He lost money farming and sold up in 1886. He and his family returned from Canterbury to Marlborough by stagecoach, the first time it had been done, Alfred driving and the family living on board. Not long after Alfred took the Pelorus Hotel at Canvastown in 1886, the first of three stints there. He left to take charge of the Waikakaho Hotel which he had built (there was a gold rush there). Alfred returned to the Pelorus Hotel then left again to take the Grovetown Hotel. He left the Grovetown Hotel and in 1898 took over the Pelorus Hotel again. he had a new Pelorus Hotel built in 1903 which opened in 1904. It is now known as the Trout Hotel. In 1907 Alfred left the Pelorus Hotel for the last time. For a while he ran an express carriage service (people and deliveries) and in 1908 he and his wife took on the White Hart Hotel in Richmond. it bankrupted them in 1909. Alfred became a milkman at Blenheim. he sold his milk walk in 1919 and died 1921 age 74.
From 1877 we can find lots of newspaper reports for decades regarding Alfred and his horses’ exploits. Unfortunately their is a gap between 1868 and 1873 in the Marlborough Express at papers Past which is a shame because I reckon the odd article in the missing years might flesh out Alfred’s story more. When he married 1872 I know he had been resident at Picton for 6 years implying that he may have begun coach driving say about 1866. That would be about right because the early Wakamarina gold rush began 1864 and had pretty much done its dash by the end of 1865.
John Willoughby MALLOCK arrived on the ship CORNWALL to Lyttelton Dec 1851 same as the DILLON family. Therefore the DILLON family knew him before they even got to NZ. He stayed at the DILLON’s boarding house in George GOULD’s old house and shop in Armagh St next to the Golden Fleece Hotel. And it looks like Mrs DILLON’s son Fred DILLON was a top trainer and rider especially for J. W. MALLOCK. But it seems very likely from the circumstantial evidence. DILLON was not a common name that early in Chch. It still isn’t common.
The MacDonald Index card D288 at Canterbury Museum regarding the DILLON family refers to a number of people tied up with early horse racing in Canterbury including Henry Porcher LANCE (brother of James Dupre LANCE) and the MALLOCK’s who were the brothers John Willoughby MALLOCK and George Arden MALLOCK. i.e. D 288
“After George GOULD left his grocer’s shop and dwelling house in Armagh Street, the DILLONs took it and Mrs DILLON conducted it as a boarding house. It became a kind of sporting men’s club and many well known settlers, such as the MALLOCKs, Tom MCDONALD, the ENYS brothers and H.P.LANCE stayed there. Orbell Willoughby OAKES q.v. lived there. Sporting men such as LEACH, Tom MACDONALD and others gathered there when their training work was done for the day"
In the old days in the newspapers, and a fair way into the 20th century, the sporting columns were actually horse racing columns. What we would consider as sports today had their own columns. When MacDonald says that Mrs DILLON’s boarding house became “a kind of sporting men’s club” and that “sporting men.....gathered there when their training work was done for the day,” I’m confident that it is meant by sporting men is that they were horse racing men and that the training referred to was or the horse training variety.
J. W. MALLOCK was among the most prominent horse owners in early Canterbury racing, if not THE most prominent owner, as was LANCE. MALLOCK stabled race horses at the Golden Fleece where they were trained. LEACH and Tom MCDONALD were prominent horse trainers/riders. Orbell Willoughby OAKES had horses too. ENYS brothers is the only name of the boarders for whom I cannot find racing background. The ENYS brothers were John Davies ENYS and Charles ENYS. Orbell Willoughby Oakes was a solicitor. He certainly owned a race horse. "Orbell Willoughby Oakes, whose office was near the old Town Hall in High Street, was referred to as 'a pompous London cockney who went to Hokitika during the gold rush and made money, returning later to England and entering into business as a financial agent in London.' "
Alfred Wellington DILLON, the son of Mrs DILLON, had a heck of a lot to do with horses when he lived in Marlborough for many years. He was a steeplechase rider and huntsman in later years, and trained and owned and bred many racehorses over the years with lots of successful ones. The Encyclopedia of NZ of 1905 says, "He was educated at primary and secondary schools in Christchurch, for some years was employed as a jockey...." I know that his brother Frederick Nelson DILLON was a horse trainer and owner prior to 1900 at Napier (he went to the North Island later in life).
An reminiscence published in 1897 about early horse racing in Canterbury, apparently first published in the Canterbury Times twenty years before, says that Fred DILLON and T. MCDONALD rode Mr MALLOCK's horses in their work at the stables of the Golden Fleece Hotel on the corner of Colombo and Armagh in Chch. At that time the DILLON family lived immediately next door to the Golden Fleece in George GOULD's old house and shop which was said to be the oldest built house in Christchurch (prefabricated in Auckland and brought down to Chch early 1851). T. MCDONALD was probably Tom MCDONALD who inhabited the DILLONs' boarding house. The Golden Fleece next door to the DILLON’s was associated with racing activity in early Chch with race horses in the stables and was a venue for meetings regarding racing including the formation of the Canterbury Jockey Club in the same period. Henry Porcher LANCE was at the latter meeting. He owned and rode race horses, and became secretary and handicapper for the Canterbury Jockey Club for many years. He also played cricket for Canterbury.
Star, 15 July 1897, Page 4
RACING IN THE EARLY DAYS [By the Druid in Canterbury Times."][Further racing reminiscence articles in the series ‘RACING IN THE EARLY DAYS IN CANTERBURY’] June 10 1897 June 24 June 25 Aug. 19 Sept. 2nd1897 Sept. 7 Oct 1st Oct. 7 Oct. 27
The 1897 reminiscence has another trainer HODGSON living at Mrs DILLON's. Possibly he was
"Christopher George Hodgson, who married a daughter of John Shand, of Avon Lodge, Riccarton, practised as a solicitor in the fifties and was caricatured as "a rather handsome, ruddy, well-built Englishman, more of a sport than a lawyer - a racing enthusiast." Tom Hichens was his clerk, and among his sporting chums were Tom White, of Oxford, Holland, Jim Moorhouse, Tom Adams, John D. Brittan and other well known early colonists."
In newspaper articles from 1859 we see a DILLON as a rider in many horse races especially for J. W. MALLOCK and for Mr LANCE, and by 1862 F. DILLON alternating with DILLON. In 1868 a Fred DILLON looked after MALLOCK's horses for a race meeting at Nelson, the horses having arrived from the Amuri. By 1870 an F.DILLON owned race horses as well as an F. DILLON riding them. After that the references to F. DILLON at Papers Past seem to dry up.
Here’s an interesting court case in which the accused, Francis William PRINS, used J. D. LANCE’s name to get money out of Mrs DILLON.
04 Apr 1860 Lyttelton Times, Page 4
RESIDENT MAGISTRATE'S COURT. Christchurch-Saturday, March 24th.
(Before W. J. Hamilton, Esq., R.M.) OBTAINING MONEY UNDER FALSE PRETENCES. REGINA BY ELEANOR DILLON V. FRANCIS WILLIAM PRINS.
The prisoner had applied for a remand until today in order that he might make his defence.
Ellen Jane DILLON being sworn deposed as follows:-I am the daughter of Eleanor DILLON, and reside in Christchurch. I know the prisoner. On Tuesday the 13th instant he came to my mother's house; he asked if my mother was in; he then asked who managed the house. I said I did. He then, told me he had come down with Mr LANCE's dray, and that he wished to put the bullocks in the stockyard; he told me he wanted £3, but that it did riot matter if it were 10s; he said that Mr LANCE had desired him to come to my mother to get some money. I gave him 3s on that day or the next day; he came the next day and saw my mother. I did not see him again. The money I gave him was my mother's, which had been left at home for the use of the house.
Eleanor DILLON being sworn deposed as follows: - I keep a board and lodging house in Christchurch. I know the prisoner. On the 14th instant he came to my house. I had just come home from Port Lyttelton. Prisoner said he had. been waiting for me these two days; that he had been working: for Mr LANCE, driving bullocks; that he had been lodging at Banks', and that he wanted some money to pay for his lodgings and for the expenses of the dray; he said he was to receive the money on Mr LANCE's account. I gave him 17s that day. Next morning he came to my house and brought a signed receipt for £2, asking me to let him have another pound as he had not enough to pay his expenses back to Mr LANCE's station. I then gave him a sovereign and accepted the receipt for £2. The same evening a man named "Alick" came to my house with another receipt for £3, signed by the prisoner, and asked for the £2 receipt; he said he wanted another pound for the prisoner, as he (the prisoner) said he could not go up without it. I said it was very strange for him to send for money in this way. I told my son Alfred to borrow a pound for me, and to be sure and see Alick give it to the prisoner. Alick gave me the receipt, which I now produce. The second receipt was given to Alick; I think by me. I have never before given money to a person coming to me without a signed order. I had never seen the prisoner before. I gave the money to the prisoner because I owed Mr LANCE some money, and prisoner spoke of Mr LANCE as if he had known him well.
Alexander Wentworth READING, being sworn, deposed as follows-I am a labourer and reside at the Royal Hotel, Christchurch. I know the prisoner; I saw him at the Royal last Thursday night. He told me he had some bullocks over at Mr LOWTHER's new house in the road. He asked me if I knew Mrs DILLON, and where she lived. I said I did. He then asked me if I would go over to her house with a £1 order, and a receipt for £3, and to bring a receipt for £2 back. I went to Mrs DILLON's. Mrs DILLON's son gave me a sovereign. I gave it to the prisoner, and he gave me 2s. 6d for going. I brought the £2 receipt back to the prisoner, and I saw him tear it up. The £3 receipt now produced is the one I saw prisoner write, and is the one he gave me to give to Mrs DILLON. The prisoner told me he was bullock driving for Mr LANCE.
By the Prisoner-l have never seen the £3 receipt from the time I gave it to Mrs DILLON until now.
James Dupre LANCE, on his oath deposed as follows.-I am a stock-owner residing at Heathstock Station. I am not aware of ever having seen the prisoner before; he has never been bullock driving for me since I have had charge of the station. I have never seen him in India to the best of my recollection. I have never employed him in any capacity whatever since I have been in New Zealand. I have never authorized him to use my name at Mrs DILLON's for procuring money. I never gave him an order on Mrs DILLON. Mrs DILLON informed me on Monday last, the 19th instant, that a man named PRINS had obtained money from her in my name, stating that he was a bullock driver of mine. I informed her that none of my drays were in Christchurch at the time.
The prisoner reserved his defence.
Mr Hamilton then said that he had no other course left open to him but to commit the prisoner to take his trial at the next sitting of the Supreme Court.
Colonist, 12 March 1909, Page 2
Mr E. W. Seager, who for the past 17 years has occupied the position of usher of the Christchurch Supreme Court, is to be retired at the end of the present month, his age exceeding the limit laid down by the Civil Service regulations. Mr Seager hag had a long and varied experience of Government service, dating back almost to the beginning of the Canterbury Province. He came out to New Zealand when a young man of 20 in the ship Cornwall, arriving in Lyttelton on December 15, 1851, a year after the arrival of the historic' first four ships. Mr Seager immediately joined the Armed Constabulary, and remained in that branch of the public service for some years, subsequently being appointed chief gaoler for Lyttelton and Timaru. He then entered into mental hospital work, and at the request of Sir George Grey and Sir Edward Stafford furnished reports on the reorganising of the asylums at Auckland and Nelson respectively. Later Mr Seager made a trip to the Old Country, and gathered much valuable information relating to asylums, more generally in the cities of England, Scotland, and Ireland. Some years ago Mr Seager was appointed the Canterbury Law Society's librarian, and it is understood that he will continue to hold that position.
Worsley - Grandson a master mariner.
It was Frank A. Worsely who navigated the James Caird through Drake's passage, 800 miles of the S. Atlantic Ocean April 1916 to South Georgia Is. One of the world's most incredible boat journey's. Frank was b. Akaroa in 1872 and schooled there was the second son of Henry Theophilus and Georgina Worsley. His Grandfather, had emigrated to Lyttelton, NZ, from Rugby, England in 1851. He wrote a diary of voyage of the Worsley family from London, England to Auckland, NZ on the sailing vessel "Dunloe" 28 August 1880-10 December 1880. At the age of fifteen, he joined the New Zealand Shipping Company as an apprentice midshipman. In 1888 he made his first voyage on the "Wairoa" a clipper, which sailed from N.Z. to London. England. He made many voyages in a number of ships owned by the NZSC and whilst learning his trade became interested in navigation. In 1895 he left the company with an excellent record of service. He joined the NZ Government Steamer Service as a second mate on the "Tutanekai" which sailed from New Zealand to a number of Pacific Island destinations. By 1900 he had risen to the rank of Chief Officer and sat and passed his master's certificate. His first command was the New Zealand Government's ship "The Countess of Ranfurly". He also worked on the "George Cochrane", "Kathleen Annie", "Anna V", "Tyrconnell". In 1906 he left N.Z. to seek work in England. Served as a reserve officer in the Royal Navy before becoming captain of the Endurance. He commanded two ships in World War I, for which he was decorated. On 26th September 1917 Worsley whilst in command of PQ61 sailing off the coast of Southern Ireland spotted a German U-Boat which had just torpedoed a convoy ship. He skilfully manoeuvred his ship and rammed and sank the U-Boat. Worsley was awarded the D.S.O. for his actions. Then a second DSO fighting the Bolshevik Army. He sailed with Shackleton again in 1921-1922. Frank was the hydrographer and sailing master on the "Quest", Shackleton's last expedition. He also participated in Spirit running into the United States during their Prohibition era, searched for gold off Costa Rica and treasure hunting on Cocos Islands. In 1925 he was the joint leader of the British Arctic Expedition. He died in 1943. Worsley has written several autobiographical books about his early family life in Canterbury, e.g. "First Voyage on a Square Rigged Ship". Died Claygate, Surrey, England. Died 1st February 1943. Surrey, England. St. John's Crematorium .Surrey.
The Star, Christchurch Wednesday 6 May 1891 page 3
Obituary - Solomon STEPHENS -
At half past 6o'clock this morning another of Canterbury's early settlers Mr Solomon Stephens, of Rangiora entered "the quiet haven" after a long illness. Mr Stephens was born in the village of Chittoe, Wiltshire, England, in the latter part of 1831. When he was between 19 and 20 years of age he married, and the newly wedded couple immediately set sail in the "Cornwall" which arrived in Lyttelton but a few months after the historical "first four ships dropped anchor. For the first 6 years after his arrival Mr Stephens lived in Christchurch and its neighbourhood, finding employment. In 1857 he moved his family to Rangiora, where he settled on land, acquired some time previously, which he occupied until his death. Not long after putting up his house he opened it as the "Plough Inn" ------------- He leaves a widow, and a family of three sons and eight daughters, of whom all but 3 are married. a very long column.
Hutt News, 12 July 1933, Page 5 OBITUARY.
[Cecila M. Popplewell m. John Rainbow Stansell in 1868]
MRS J. R. STANSELL
The death occurred at her residence on 26th June, after a brief illness of Mrs. C. M. Stansell, one of the early pioneers of this country. The late Mrs Stansell who was the widow of the late Mr John Rainbow Stansell, had resided in Lower Hutt for about eight years where she took a very keen interest in the life of St. James Church. The funeral service, which was attended by a large circle of friends, took place at St. James's Church on June 28th before proceeding to Karori Cemetery. The church service was conducted by the vicar, Rev H. E. K. Fry, Rev H. V. C. Reynolds, and the late vicar of the parish, Ven Archdeacon Hansell who, with Mr Reynolds conducted the service at the graveside. In a short address the vicar feelingly referred to the many fine qualities of the deceased lady whom he said had been for many years a diligent Church worker and was to be found in her place at Church every Sunday. She had been among the worshippers at St. James's within a few days of her passing over to the Church unseen. She had been ever anxious to work with her needle to provide clothing for those in need and would be much missed in the parish The late Mrs Stansell was born at Gravesend, England, in 1850, and arrived at Lyttelton with her parents the following year in the ship Cornwall. On arrival at Lyttelton, the women folk had to remain on board ship while the men went ashore and built huts for them. Her early life was spent at Temuka, and after marriage she took up her residence in South Canterbury. The early years of her married life were spent in pioneering work in the rugged MacKenzie Country, Mrs JE Stansell being one of the first women settlers. Subsequently she took up her residence in Timaru, where she was well, known and greatly respected. From Timaru the family moved to the North Island, and for many years resided in Foxton. During the past 20 years of her life Mrs Stansell lived at Lyall Bay and Lower Hutt. She was a member of the first Hunt Club formed in New Zealand, and followed the hounds. She was of a generous and kindly nature, and always kept open house. In church and charity matter she was a very earnest but quiet worker. Mrs Stansell is survived by seven children� Messrs W. F. Stansell (Palmerston North). A. C. Stansell (Swanson, Auckland), P. T. Stansell (Lower Hutt), and Mesdames W. G. Vickers (Levin), M. V. Reid (Lower Hutt), T. C. Lomas (Ngaio), and S. Raper (Featherston). She also leaves twenty-two grandchildren and seven great-grandchildren.
From Papers Past
Evening Post, 18 December 1893, page 2
Carterton, This Day. Another pioneer settler has passed away. Mr. Edmund JUPP, aged 79, died this morning. he came early in the fifties in the ship Cornwall, and was for many years a schoolteacher under the board.
Evening Post, 19 March 1901, Page 6
NAPIER, This Day. The death is announced of Captain TUKE, who took a prominent part in the Native war. He arrived in the ship Cornwall in 1851, and when the war broke out was appointed by Sir George GREY as second in command under Colonel J. FRASER. of the Military Settlers, and saw active service on the East Coast, for which he received the New Zealand war Medal. He was also for 18 months in charge of the native prisoners at the Chatham Islands, but was not there when they escaped. Deceased was in his 75th year.
New Zealander, 3 January 1852, Page 2
The barque Cornwall, 452 tons, Captain Dawson, arrived at Lyttelton on the 10th instant, from London, with 105 passengers, sent out by the Canterbury Association. This fine vessel, the property of Messrs. Wigrams, of Blackwall, is commanded by Captain Dawson, formerly of the Slains Castle, whose services during the disturbances in the North in 1845, will long be remembered by our old colonists, many of whom will, we have no doubt, be glad to learn of his safe arrival in the colony again, although his death was reported some time ago in the columns of our contemporary the Southern Cross.
The Star (Christchurch), Saturday July 4 1903, Page 4,
Written by Edward William SEAGAR who was the first Superintendent of Sunnyside Hospital in Christchurch, a mental hospital. One can generally find his 1903 articles in The Star (Christchurch) at Papers Past by checking out page 4 of the Saturday editions. June and July articles are at the top middle of the pages.
A PIONEER'S STORY
From London to Lyttelton.
Life on board an emigrant ship.
(By a Pioneer of the Fifties.)
In response to the request of a large number of correspondents, "A Pioneer of the Fifties" has consented to retrace his steps and furnish the following account of his voyage to New Zealand:-
The good ship Cornwall left the West India Docks on August 12, 1851, bound for Port Lyttelton, with a miscellaneous cargo and a passenger list comprising fifty-three first and second saloon and forty-nine steerage passengers. All were emigrants, who had left the Mother Country resolved to try their luck in a country which was then practically terra incognita, and which had been painted in lively colours by touting agents as a veritable El Dorado.
After the bustle and tearful parting inseparable from the departure of a deep-waterman in those days had been gone through, the passengers turned their attention towards finding their quarters and stowing away their belongings. I found myself berthed in with the single men, of whom there were twelve, right down in the bows, below the sailors' quarters in the forecastle. The place was about 18ft in length by 8ft in width, and the twelve bunks were ranged along each side, each being 6ft by 2ft 4in. In the head of the ship was placed a board, which served the purpose of a table. These quarters, besides being dark and ill-ventilated, possessed the uncomfortable disadvantage of being built on the curve of the bows, and the result was that in the less-favoured bunks there was a most pronounced twist, which compelled the occupants to seek repose in a posture somewhat resembling the shape of the new moon. At first this occasioned great discomfort, and the proprietors of the circular bunks developed undesirable shifting proclivities in their slumbers, which frequently brough their toes within close proximity of the features of their more fortunately situated messmates. However, use at length made them more accustomed to their unnatural posture, and b the time the voyage was well under way they had managed to contain themselves within their allotted space, to the satisfaction of everybody. Right aft was the single women's quarters, in a sort of cage enclosure. The married couples had for their sleeping berths what may be described as a hut with the side facing amidships open.
THE FIRST NIGHT.
We started on our voyage from Gravesend on August 14. I shall never forget our first meal on board. A large junk of roast beef, several loaves of new bread, and tea, constituted the spread, and, standing room in the berth being at a discount, several had perforce to climb into their bunks to eat their food. This style of "pigging it" rather made us gasp, but we consoled ourselves with the reflection that things would improve when we settled down. That night the night air below being insufferable, several of our mess remained on deck all night, and in the morning we partook of a similar ration to that which had been served on the previous night. Already I had begun to wish for the shore again.
INSTRUCTION AND AMUSEMENT.
There were a number of young children on board, and the second day out I received an appointment as ship's schoolmaster, which carried with it an authority to obtain from the ship steward medical comforts in the shape of fresh bread, three bottles stout weekly, fresh meat from the saloon, and, in addition to other perquisites, �25 on the completion of the voyage upon the good report of the chaplain. I thus became a person of substance, and the Prince Fortunatus of the steerage. The Canterbury Association, which had sent us out, had equipped the ship in every necessary. There was a chaplain, a doctor and his assistant, with a good supply of medical comforts, a schoolmaster, two constables, an excellent library, toys for the children, hymn-books and Bibles.
Down Channel we had a smooth passage, but one night, when crossing the Bay of Biscay, a storm sprang up. The lively motion of our little vessel was a revelation to us, and amid a general avalanche of the family plate, I was shot out of bunk, with two others on top of me. Regaining my feet with some difficulty, I slipped on some clothes and made my way through to the married couples' compartment. Here I beheld a scene which
I SHALL NEVER FORGET.
Intermingled with the rattle and crash of the tin crockery and other moveables, which were being dashed hither and thither, were the screams of terrified women and children. Distracted husbands stood over their bunks making noble efforts to prevent their summary ejection, but the crazy motion of the ship made their efforts all but futile, their strength being required to maintain their own equilibrium.
Suddenly I heard a terrific shriek, and nest moment was struck and knocked down by what appeared to be a flying bundle of bedding. I rolled about the deck, backwards and forwards, with the bundle clutching on to me for dear life, and I hanging on to it. Other bundles, in rapid transit, attached themselves to us, and my first partner, who turned out to be a young married woman, implored me to tell her if the ship was sinking. I assured her that she was quite safe ; and at last we came to a halt, and disentangled ourselves. I found out her name, and calling aloud for her husband, presently brought him to the rescue, and he pulled us both from beneath the table.
The ordinary rations consisted of salt pork, salt beef, biscuits, treacle, soup and boulli, with pickles every third day. These pickles were kept in a jar on a shelf in our berth. A few days out the pickles began to disappear mysteriously., and so serious at last became the depredations that a consultation was held as to the best means of detecting the thief. We were quite satisfied that none of the Twelve Apostles, for that was what we called ourselves, got more than his rightful share, and I was appointed a detective to discover the depredator. That very night I made my preparations, and in the middle watch, while everyone was fast asleep, the 'tween decks resounded with an unearthly shriek, followed by a volley of frightful oaths. I jumped up, and , getting a lighted lamp from the married people's quarters, I discovered one of the ship's apprentices with his hand held hard and fast in the pickle jar. His bellowings had in the meantime aroused many of the passengers, who, with the officer of the watch, were standing around him, wide-eyed with astonishment. The youngster was quite unable to extricate his hand, so the jar was broken, bringing relief to the prisoner at the same moment that it disclosed the cause of his dicomfiture. Among the pickles had been placed a round piece of cork studded with needles to resemble a prickly burr, and the thief, thrusting his hand into the neck of the jar, had closed his fingers upon the needles, which he was powerless to let go. No more pickles were lost.
Every Sunday the emigrants and ship's company assembled for divine service, which was held on the main deck in fine weather. The choir, which comprised Mr W. S. Moorhouse, Dr. B. Moorhouse, Mr D. Phillips, Mr I. Innes, myself and four children, was a capital combination, and took its station at the break of the poop. After the second service a suggestion was made to the chaplain, the Rev. Joseph Twigger, that refreshments should be provided for the choir, and this suggestion being approved, the practices, were at once extended to three a week. During the service, while the sermon was being delivered, the choir retired to the stern and consumed its allowance of two bottles of stout, biscuits, cheese and sandwiches.
A SUSPICIOUS DEATH.
The unaccountable demise of a hound belonging to one of the passengers gave rise to grave suspicion and concern. A consultation was held, and the doctors, with an eye to the medical comforts on board, arranged for a post mortem examination. After much learned wrangling, in which the medical comforts were brought largely into requisition, it was decided death had resulted from a species of fever, hitherto unknown to the faculty, and the body was solemnly interred in the deep.
RUNNING DOWN THE EASTING
We experienced heavy weather while running down the easting, and the ship was battened down for several days at a time. With close confinement, the air below became almost suffocating, and we were glad indeed when the weather had moderated sufficiently to allow of the battens being removed. By this time the water had got very bad, being thick and of a reddish colour and offensive smell. Strange to say, it righted itself and became sweet to drink before the voyage was ended.
What a cheer went up when the cry of "Land Ho!" revealed the dark cloud on the horizon which indicated Stewart's Island, and how eagerly the passengers scanned the dim outlines to gather some idea of the nature of the country which was to be their future home. Next day we passed Otago Heads, and, beating up the coast against a north-easter, we rounded Banks Peninsula, when Captain Greaves, acting harbour-master, boarded us outside the heads.
Running up the harbour, the tussocks on the hills which were then of immense size, attracted the attention of a passenger, and he shouted out, "Look at the sheep!" A Cockney could certainly be forgiven for the mistake, for, with the sunlight shining on their greyish tops, the tussocks bore the appearance of animals.
On coming to our anchorage, Mr Godley, Mr Fitzgerald and the Rev. B. Dudley came off to the ship. I was particularly struck with Mr Godley's manner to the emigrants. It was full of hope and encouragement.
Info re voyage of Cornwall:
Information from Shipping Log, & Journal of C.A. TYLEE :William DAWSON Commander Dr Joseph Roy PHILLIPS Surgeon Superintendent Frederick YOUNG Manager of Shipping John BRYAN First Mate William WITHAM Second Mate James GENTILE Third Mate Rev'd Joseph TWIGGER Clergyman Crew 20 Able Seaman & 3 Stewards
'Journal of a Voyage from England to New Zealand' by C.A. TYLEE on Board the Barque CORNWALL 1851' - Canterbury Museum Archives Christchurch
Charles Alexander TYLEE was a cabin passenger, age 20 (ship's log). Prayers 'as usual' were at 10am & 6pm. Temperatures in his cabin ranged between 48-86 degrees Fahrenheit. TYLEE's journal ended with various summaries - his descriptions of the Captain, Surgeon & the Clergyman ; what people should bring with them (and to have one's name marked indelibly on all property!) ; what the surgeon brought to treat sick passengers, etc. He thought the Captain was a 'superior gentleman' & the surgeon a good fellow. On Rev'd TWIGGER : 'he is a cheerful, lively companion, extensively informed & very obliging'.
Extracts :- Sat 16 Aug : About 2 o'clock am this morning, many of the passengers were alarmed by the clergyman who was attacked with a fit of 'Delirium Tremens' and rushed wildly up and down the deck declaiming that the 'captain & crew had conspired together to rob and murder him, but he was armed, and would defend his life to the last', at the same time drawing a dagger knife which was soon taken from him. The Captain behaved in the most gentlemanlike manner and offered to put him on shore. The surgeon however, having written a report of the transaction to the Canterbury Association, had a boat lowered and sent the boat to shore. The anchor was again weighed - then proceeded on our way.
Sun 17 Aug : ............. the Rev'd J. TWIGGER still in an unfit state to perform service.
Wed 20 Aug : Began writing letters home. I was asked today by one of the steerage passengers 'if my name was TYLEE'. The person who asked the question being DILLON, the butcher's brother at Bath.
Tue 26 Aug : ............ some cats which were on board being found to be very disagreeable, were today flung overboard.
Sat 30 Aug Wind and & weather still fair. Dancing on deck and singing in the evening. Two sheep died. Of course, I did not join in the light fantastic step.
Mon 01 Sept : ........... dancing on quarter-deck in the evening.
Tue 02 Sept : ........... this evening a pig jumped overboard.
Thu 04 Sept : ........... dancing in evening.
Tue 09 Sept : ........... dancing in the evening on deck.
Sat 13 Sept : Fine day. Nine vessels in sight, all outward bound.
Sun 14 Sept : Prayers in the morning and sacrament administered for the first time.
Tue 16 Sept : Sea still very calm. Dancing in the evening.
Thu 25 Sept : Prayers morning & evening. The evening was spent in dancing and singing on account of our crossing the line. Shaving was not allowed but the Captain ordered grog to be served out to all the male passengers and crew, and also regaled the ladies with wine. During the evening, Neptune (one of the sailors dressed up) hailed the ship. He then came on board and presented his Address to the Captain, after which he departed in this boat of fire (a tar tub set on fire and then set adrift). The Captain's health was then drunk with honours then the health of 'his wife and children', then 'the ladies' on board the Cornwall; after that, 'the surgeon', and last but not least the health of 'Her Majesty the Queen' with honours, after which all joined in singing 'God Save the Queen'. The Captain with Mrs Young, and Mr Innes with Mrs Harris during the evening danced a 'Scotch Reel', and some of the sailors an Hornpipe. The evening's amusements passed off very well - a subscription was raised among the passengers for the sailors, and all was still and quiet by half past twelve.
Neptune's Address : 'To the right worthy Captain, Wm DAWSON, the Officers and Passengers on board the Barque 'CORNWALL', this comes greetings :
Whereas this, out trustworthy representative of the rights & privileges of my sons, has again occasion to wait on your good ship, to solicit the claims as due to them (in consideration of the uncouth practice of shaving being dispensed with) we beseech you so to dispose the minds of all passengers on board your ship to contribute their various proportions to the enjoyment of these my sons. Our wishes for a safe and speedy passage to your good ship, with health and happiness to all on board remain with you.'
Sun 05 Oct : Fine day after (am) service. Five children were christened.
Tue 07 Oct : Fine day. Prayers in the morning and evening. Vessel made since noon yesterday 175 miles (142 southing, the remainder eastward). Several Cape Pigeon, one of which was caught in the evening by a passenger by means of a hook and line. Fine night, the moon being at its full. Vessel making 8 knots per hour.
Fri 24 Oct : Had a very restless night owing to the rocking of the vessel .... (very stormy during the day) ..... the butcher also was sent from the hatchway into the hold beneath. a height of about 16 feet : he however escaped with a bruise or too. [weather continued rough from the 24th]
Tue 28 Oct : Little progress as mainyard being fixed and reset. 'Everyone on board seems dispirited owing to the slow progress we are making'.
Sun 09 Nov: Banns read for the first time between a Mr T.E. Tuke, a chief cabin passenger, & Kate Looney **...... in the evening there was dancing on the quarter-deck until about 1 am. [** marriage between Edmund LUKE & Catherine LONELY on 08 Dec at 11am]
Tue 09 Dec: Faint breeze, with thick misty weather about 11am. The mist suddenly cleared away and disclosed 'Akaroa Bay' ahead at a distance of about 8 miles. It was a most splendid sight and was exactly the same view as you would see were you looking against the 'Hampton Cliffs from Farleigh Hill. Banks Peninsula in sight at a distance of 14 miles.
Wed 10 Dec: This morning, the first mate called us about 4 o'clock .....
during the night, he had tacked ship and rounded 'Banks Peninsula' and in two or three more hours we should be safely anchored. This happily proved the case, and about 11 o'clock, I found myself safe on New Zealand ground.
page 153: The only other case of disease worthy of record is one which has already been mentioned in a former part of my journal, viz. that of the Rev'd J. TWIGGER. Regarding this, it is enough to say that further acquaintance only served to confirm the opinion already expressed regarding his disease, and its course. Since his recovery, his duties have, however, been faithfully performed by him, giving no reason to complain of his detention on board ship. .......... and I do not think I at all err in reporting the health of the passengers on the whole as being very good, especially when it is considered that upward of 100 persons have been cooped up in the small space of about two houses for 4 months.
In Christchurch, as in Bath, England, father Thomas DILLON was a butcher but he died only 41 years old in 1857. The DILLONs, according to the McDONALD Index at Canterbury Museum, took over George GOULD's old shop in Armagh St and ran it as a kind of accommodation house come sporting mens' club. Mrs DILLON applied for and was granted liquor licences in the late 1850s. She later married George ARBER in 1863 and was eventually matron at Picton Hospital. She and her daughter Clara, and Clara's husbands are buried together at Picton Cemetery. Alfred Wellington DILLON was a businessman & hotelier in Marlborough, and he finished up as a milkman at Blenheim. Ellen Jane DILLON married 3 times, her only child was to her last husband, William SPEARINK, a farmer at Featherston. Frederick Nelson DILLON occupations included horse dealer, stationhand, labourer, shepherd and drover. He married Edith Matilda WHEELER. Frederick died 1914 at Avondale Hospital in Auckland. Thomas Harford was at Hanmer as a horsebreaker on 10 acres of land in the late 1860s to mid 1870s. He was a farm manager at Tinui near Castlepoint in the Wairarapa, from about 1876 to about 1890, and then as a gold prospector/labourer/hotelier/etc in the Deek Creek & Mahikipawa areas in Marlborough from about 1890. It seems that a farming venture by Thomas Harford at Tinui made him bankrupt during the 1880s because his sheep were afflicted by the big outbreak of scab then.
The above information courtesy of Peter Dillon. Peter has extensive information re the DILLONs at Bath in England and in New Zealand and welcomes enquiries. Posted 29 April 2000 and updated 24 Jan. 2014.
Reference: Log of Logs by Ian Nicholson
- John Pugh's diary was published in Sea Breezes, No's 97-100, Vol.10, Dec 1927 - March 1928. Copy in the Wellington Maritime Museum
- Charles Alexander Tylee to Lyttelton and Wellington. Photocopy of original and Canterbury Association Shipping papers are at the Canterbury Museum Archives.
- Lyttelton Times 13 Dec. 1851
- Passenger Lists of the Canterbury Association Ships, published 1900
- Lyttelton Shipping List Canterbury Museum
- Canterbury Association Shipping Office Lyttelton Shipping List :Genealogical Society of Salt Lake City, 1973.
- Hocken, T. M. Contributions to the early history of New Zealand. Appendix F. 1849 arrival
- Rutherford, James, & Skinner, W. H. The Establishment of the New Plymouth Settlement in New Zealand, 1841-1843 Chapter 14, 1849 arrival
- Ward, L.E. Early Wellington page 160, 1852 arrival
The Cornwall under charter to the New Zealand Land Company made her first voyage to New Zealand, sailing from Deal, April 20, 1849, arriving at New Plymouth 18 August, 1849 and among the passengers were Mr and Mrs Chas. Batkin and Mr and Mrs Wells. After discharging cargo she proceeded to Nelson, arriving there on 25 August 1849 and then landed passengers at Wellington and arrived in Dunedin 23 Sept. with 70 passengers. She was under the command of Captain W. Dawson who had previous came out to New Zealand in command of the Amelia Thompson to New Plymouth March 25 1841. On August 13, 1853 she arrived in Wellington from London with 112 passengers then on to Nelson arriving 19 Sept. Reference: White Wings Vol. II by Sir Henry Brett.
Capt. W. Dawson 'crossed the bar' in Hong Kong (died)
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