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 'Friedeburg'

New Zealand Bound

The bark Friedeburg, 784 tons, sailed 19 May, 1872 from Hamburg and arrived at Lyttelton 30 August 1872. Total landed 241 Statute Adults

Passenger List Families transcribed     pdf (139k)
                          Single Men & Women pdf (198k) 

Reference: Family Search browse Canterbury 1872 
                                                             Index pages 1-7 (images 2 &3)
                                                             Embarkation list - families and children pages 7 - 12 (images 4-9)
                                                             Single Men (image 15)
                                                             Single Women (image 21 & 22)
                                                             Promissory Notes (images 26 &27)
                                                             Summary - Births and death (image 28) 

Hamburg Passenger List - 1872
Photo of vessel
Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives, 1872 Session I, D-01b

Births (6)

Catherine Gwine 	1 daughter
Wilhelmina Lange 	1 son
Ernestine Rader 	2 daughters
Ragerhield Andersen 	1 son
Mariana Groskowski 	1 son

Death

Peter Markea Flyoberg 11 months  

http://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/cgi-bin/paperspast

Star 31 August 1872, Page 2
The ship Friedburg, signalled outside last night, entered the heads at 1 p.m. this day. At 10 a.m. the s.s. Gazelle proceeded to her, with Drs Donald and Rouse, Messrs March, Gibson, and Ruddenklau, and Dr Julius Haast. The steamer had not returned when our express left.

Star 2 September 1872, Page 2
THE FRIEDEBURG, FROM HAMBURG

This fine iron ship, commanded by Captain E. Kopper, arrived, and anchored off the Heads, on Friday afternoon. On Saturday morning, the s.s. Gazelle, having on board the Health Officer (Dr Donald), Mr R. J. S. Harman (Deputy-Superintendent), Captain Gibson, Dr Rouse, and Mr J. E. March, Commissioners, Dr Haast, Mr Ruddenklau, and Mr Monson — who went down as interpreters — left the wharf, and proceeded down to the vessel, which was then under weigh some three miles outside the Heads, and, on going alongside, the usual questions were asked, and, there having been no, sickness on board, the vessel was at once declared clear. On going on board, everything was found to be scrupulously clean, and the accommodation for the passengers excellent. The immigrants are mostly Scandinavian's and Poles, with about a dozen German families. They comprise 61 single women and 34 single men, the rest being married people and children. Six children were born on the passage ; one child (11 months old), died on July 13. The peculiar feature in this ship is her spacious 'tween decks, which measure 8ft 6in from floor to beam. The sleeping accommodation is very roomy. The cubic space thus set apart has ensured proper ventilation, and made the health of the passengers remarkably good, and as we have said, no serious cases of illness have occurred. The ship was built by Messrs Stephens and Son of Glasgow, and belongs to Messrs R. M. Sloman and Co. of Hamburg, the well-known ship-owners there, who for half a century have almost exclusively shipped immigrants from that port to America, and lately to Queensland. They have a fleet of 18 ships specially built for immigration purposes, of these the Friedeburg is a worthy specimen. The passengers looked very healthy, and are in good spirits. Dr J. D. L. Temple is the Surgeon Superintendent, and it is owing to his care and excellent management that the immigrants have come out so well. The usual inspection was made by the commissioners, and also by the Deputy Superintendent, and with the exception of a slight complaint about the water during a portion of the voyage, but which was remedied, there was nothing to complain about. A distilling apparatus would be a great advantage to vessels of this class. As soon as the immigrants are landed the Friedeburg will sail for Java thence to Hamburg, and will bring out more emigrants. The s.s. Gazelle took the ship in tow, and brought her up to an anchorage off the town. A large number of foreigners visited the ship yesterday. The following is Captain Kopper's report of the voyage :— The Friedeburg sailed from Hamburg on May 21st, passed the Lizards on June the 1st ; crossed the line on June 23rd, but was detained by calms at Fernando Norunha for three days ; got the S.E. trades from the 8. by E. ; had to stay several times on the coast of Brazil until past the Abruhas Shoals ; passed the longitude of the Cape on July 21st in 45deg. S. ; passed the Crozettes on July 30th, and Tasmania August 19th ; eastings were ran down in 48deg. to 50deg. ; then had light variable winds to sighting the Snares on Aug. 26th ; thence had variable winds, with rain and fog, until Aug. 30th at 9.am. on that day Banks Peninsula was made, Godley Heads same day, and at 4 p.m. dropped anchor, making the passage from the Lizards in 90 days.

Star 2 September 1872, Page 3
IMMIGRANTS BY THE FRIEDEBURG

The first shipment of immigrants direct from Germany arrived in Port Lyttelton on Saturday last. The fine iron ship Friedeburg, Captain Kopper, made the passage from Hamburg in 102 days, and it is very satisfactory to , report that the immigrants have arrived at their destination in excellent health and spirits. The ship was signalled outside the heads on Friday afternoon, but the name of the vessel could not be ascertained until the following day. This fact suggests the urgent necessity that exists for the establishment of telegraphic communication between the Godley Head lighthouse, the signal station, and the telegraph office in Lyttelton. The expense would not be very great, in fact it would appear as trifling contrasted which the utility of the work. The lighthouse-keeper could soon be instructed in the art, so that the names of vessels could be telegraphed to Lyttelton and Christchurch immediately upon the signals being made out. His Honor the Deputy-Superintendent, Mr J. E. March (Chief Immigration Officer), Dr Haast, Mr Ruddenklau, and Mr Monson left Christchurch for Lyttelton by the half-past eight o'clock train. Messrs Ruddenklau and Monson proceeded to port in the capacity of interpreters — the former as between the Government officials and the German immigrants, and the latter as interpreter between the officials and the Danes and Norwegians. The party was joined in Lyttelton by Drs Donald and Rouse and Captain Gibson, who, together with Mr March, are the Immigration Commissioners for the province. The s.s. Gazelle, Capt McLellan, was chartered to take the party to the vessel. The Gazelle started about 10 o'clock, taking the Ben Moro in tow, but some delay was occasioned through the barque getting fast on a bank, which has formed a short distance from the wharf. As soon as she was got off, she was towed to the middle of the stream and left there, and the Gazelle proceeded to the ship, which was lying at anchor two miles outside the North Head. On approaching the vessel, the flag flying at the stern bespoke her country, and there was no longer any doubt as to her being the Freideburg. Drawing nearer the immigrants were mounted on the bulwarks of the ship anxiously awaiting our arrival, and the chorus of a cluster of single women on the poop settled the point as to their nationality. Seen from the deck of the Gazelle, the large group of immigrants presented a somewhat novel spectacle. Three or four nations were there represented — the Germanic, the Germanic Polish, the Norwegian, and the Danish, all chattering away in the language and dialects of their respective countries. Dr Donald, as Health Officer, was the first to go on board, and as all was well, the whole party followed shortly afterwards. The immigrants were in the very best of spirits, and spoke hopefully of the future in their adopted home. Unfortunately, not one of them could speak English, and they expressed a considerable amount of anxiety in consequence, but they were in a great measure consoled when told that there were several of their countrymen in the province, and that they would soon be able to pick up the language in a country where English was universally spoken. Among the immigrants there are some who have won decorations for services in the field. One has been in the Holstein, Austrian, and Franco-German wars, and another in the two latter campaigns. The usual official inspection by the Immigration Commissioners was commenced shortly after going on board. Beginning with the single women's compartment, the muster roll was called over, and the girls were asked (through the interpreters) whether they had any complaints to make. Their general reply was that they had been well treated during the voyage. In the married couples' compartment, every, head of a family was asked separately if he had anything to complain of. In the majority of cases the reply was a negative one, but there were a few who complained of the quality of the water and the insufficiency of diet served out to them. Dr Temple was asked to express his opinion with reference to the dietary scale, and he said ho thought the quantities of some of the items were too small. Amongst the married couples, one immigrant was pointed out as having walked from the Russian frontier to Hamburg (a distance of about 800 miles) with his wife and five or six children, sleeping at farm houses and often times in the open air on their way to join the ship. It was a curious fact, that while those on one side of the vessel (Polish-Germans) complained about the insufficiency of food ; those on the opposite side (Norwegians and Danes) expressed entire satisfaction. The former were asked how they could account for this, and their reply was that the latter were richer than themselves, and besides bringing more comforts with them, had money enough to enable them to procure what they wanted. The same thing, however, was noticeable in the single men's compartment ; here the Danes and Norwegians were perfectly satisfied with their treatment on board, while a few of the Germans and Polish-Germans complained of the quality of the water and the insufficiency of the dietary scale. The captain and doctor speak very highly of the conduct of the Norwegians and Danes and most of his own countrymen during the voyage from Hamburg. We were pleased to observe the cleanliness of the ship in every part, and if is doubtless owing to the care taken in this respect that the health of the passengers has been so successfully maintained. Speaking of the immigrants as a whole, they are undoubtedly a very good selection, and if they follow the excellent advice given to them by the two interpreters, they will have no reason to regret coming to New Zealand. Their ignorance of English will doubtless be a considerable disadvantage to them for some time, but they will not be long in acquiring a sufficient knowledge of the language to enable them to get along comfortably with those by whom they may be employed. It is probable that many of them will find employment from their own countrymen. The Friedeburg sailed from Hamburg on the 18th of May, having on board 292 persons, representing 241 adults. On the voyage out, there was one death — a child 11 months old — and six births, thus increasing the number of souls to 297. Of this number 200 are above 12 years old, 82 are between 1 and 12 years, and 15 under 1 year. There are 61 single women, 33 single men, 53 married couples, and 97 children and infants, including the six born on the passage. Which regard to nationalities, the numbers are as follows : — Germans (including Polish), 102 persons above 12 years, 68 children and 5 infants ; Norwegians, 51 persons above 12 years, 5 children, and 3 infants ; Danes, 47 persons above 12 years, 9 children, and 2 infants. This total of 10 infants does not include those born since the sailing of the ship. The ship is admirably adapted for the conveyance of immigrants, and is superior in many respects to the vessels that come from London. The height between decks is 8ft and 6ft in, the ventilation is good, but there is an insufficiency of light in all the compartments. Captain Kopper has made one trip to Queensland in the Friedeburg with 300 immigrants, and he is highly spoken of by those who have now readied Canterbury under his charge. The surgeon-superintendent, Dr D L. Temple, who speaks German very fluently and Danish moderately well, deserves to be complimented upon the healthy condition in which so many persons have reached their destination. The immigrants will disembark at noon today, and will be conveyed by special train to Addington. The Barracks will be open to employers on Thursday. We are informed that at the Immigration Barracks no fewer than 90 applications for domestic servants! have been received. Mr March has remained on board the ship since Saturday, and will not leave until the disembarkation is completed. Messrs Ruddenklau and Monson will act as interpreters during the stay of the immigrants at the Barracks.

Star 6 September 1872, Page 2
Scandinavian Immigrants

The customary three days from the time of landing having expired, the immigration barracks were thrown open yesterday for the engagement of the recent arrivals by the German ship Friedeburg. There was a large attendance of employers, and the barracks were a very busy aspect from the hour of opening to the close. The proceedings were also of a somewhat more animated character than usual, owing to the extra talking which had to be done in consequence of all business negotiations being conducted through interpreters. The gentlemen who acted in this capacity for the immigrants were Mr Ruddenklau (German) and Mr Monson (Norwegian and Danish). All the immigrants appeared very contented in disposition, and expressed themselves perfectly satisfied with the treatment they had received since landing, and the rate of wages offered. Of sixty-one single women, 42 met which engagements, the wages being— cooks, £30; general servants and housemaids, £20; nursemaids, £12 to £18. Eleven of the 42 were engaged ; to go to Timaru, and it may be stated that nearly all the 42 were engaged by English employers. Of 33 single men, 23 were engaged, the wages being — general farm servants, £30 to £40 ; labourers, £25 to £30 ; and one tailor, £52. There were 53 families, and four of these were engaged, the rates of pay being — blacksmith, £45 ; carpenter, £45 ; farm labourers, £40 to £45, with a bonus of £10 in each instance if those engaged remained 12 months in their situations. Of course it will be understood that in every instance given above the wages are exclusive of board and lodging. It is very probable that several of those immigrants remaining at the barracks will be engaged in a few days, and it should be stated that more of the single women would have been engaged yesterday had time permitted for the negotiations to be completed.

DINNER— Last night the German residents of Christchurch and its vicinity gave a complimentary dinner at Schmidt's Hotel to their countryman Captain Kopper, of the ship Friedeburg, in which the Scandinavian immigrants recently arrived. The room was decorated with national flags, conspicuous amongst which was a German banner presented by Captain Kopper to the Germans of this province. The dinner was served in very excellent style by Mr Schmidt, and the tables were ornamented by a number of pot plants (including a Norway spruce), lent for the occasion by Mr W. Wilson. Notwithstanding that no public notification had been made of the dinner upwards of fifty Germans assembled. The chair was occupied by Dr Haast, F.R.S., Ph. D., who was supported on the right by Captain Kopper, and on his left by Dr Temple, the surgeon superintendent of the Friedeburg on the passage out. The vice chairs were occupied by Mr Ruddenklau and Mr Fuhrmann. After the removal of the cloth, the list of toasts was proceeded with in the conventional manner. The chairman in an eloquent speech proposed " The Queen and the Royal Family, referring at length to their connection by blood with Germany, and stating that Germans ever received the most favourable consideration from English rulers. The toast was drank with great enthusiasm. "The Emperor of Germany" was next proposed by Dr Haast, who in the course of his remarks said that the unity of Germany had made it one of the greatest nations in the world. The toast was honoured with the most patriotic warmth. " The General and Provincial Governments of the colony were also toasted in a befitting manner, after which the chairman submitted the toast of the evening — "Capt. Kopper." This toast was drunk with demonstrative applause and Capt. Kopper ; in responding, thanked the Germans of the province for the warm reception he had met with on all hands since he landed. He commented briefly upon the immigrants he had brought out in the Friedeburg, and said the most useful of  the lot were the married couples of true German extraction, than whom better labourers were not to be found in the colonies. Dr Haast then sung "The Little Tambour,"- and acquitted himself which such consummate skill that an encore was persistently demanded. In, agreeing to comply with this wish of the guests, he said, however; that he must send round a plate to collect money for any necessitous countrymen just arrived, and would only sing again on the understanding that the appeal was received in a liberal spirit. He complied with the encore, and a plate was then sent round, when the sum of £5 8s 6d was collected. The health of Dr Temple was then drunk, and this gentleman, in replying, also expressed the high opinion he held of the true German married people whom he hoped would find a proper recognition of their worth in the colony. The chairman then proposed 'Success to the Immigrants,' which was responded to for the Germans by Mr H. Hiller, a passenger by the Friedeburg, who, it may be stated, has been through all three campaigns in which the German army has of late years been engaged, and for the Scandinavians, by Mr Monson. " The Chairman " was proposed by Mr Ruddenklau, and was drunk with enthusiasm. The chairman then proposed the health of Mr Ruddenklau, as the originator of the German Association in Christchurch, and this was also warmly received. " Success to Canterbury," proposed by Dr Temple, was responded to by Mr Ruddenklau, and several other toasts followed, the intervals being filled in with German songs, many of which, especially those sung by Dr Haast, were very ably rendered. Mr F. Weber presided at the pianoforte during the evening.

Otago Daily Times 9 September 1872, Page 2
September 7th. The Immigration Barracks have been opened for the engagement of. the Scandinavians. The following engagements were effected yesterday: 42 single women out of 61; 23 single men out of 33 ; 4 families out of 53. A dinner was given by German settlers to Captain Kopper, of the Friedeburg.