ANDREW JACKSON CALDWELL
††††† Among the real pioneers of the Sacramento Valley must be numbered the late Andrew J. Caldwell, who came to this state soon after the discovery of gold, became a permanent resident three years later and from that time until his death was one of the most industrious, substantial and respected citizens of the Shasta valley.† He was born in Lycoming County, Pennsylvania, on the 9th of October, 1832, a son of John and Mary (Baird) Caldwell, the father a farmer of that county.† In 1840 the family moved to Knox County, Illinois, and there Andrew J. was reared to manhood, working on his fatherís farm during the summer months and attending school in winter.† In 1847, when fifteen years of age, he went to Peoria, Illinois, where he learned the blacksmith trade.† After the completion of his apprenticeship he spent a year in Knoxville, and in the spring of 1850 crossed the plains to California, lured by the stories of the fortunes to be found in the newly discovered gold fields.† After a three month journey, he arrived in El Dorado County and at once engaged in mining on Weaver Creek, near Cold Springs.† A year later he returned to Illinois, by way of the Nicaragua route, intending to remain in that state.† However, he found it too quiet and in 1853 fitted out an ox-team and wagon and because he had previously crossed the plains, was employed by some parties to take them to Oregon.† They traveled by the northern route, reaching Oregon City in the fall.† Mr. Caldwell spent the winter there, engaged in blacksmithing, and then started for Yreka, where he arrived June 6, 1854.† He sold his oxen and engaged in mining on the Greenhorn, where he continued until 1856, when he came to the Shasta valley and bought the tract of land on which he established his home, residing thereon until his death.† In 1852 a blacksmith shop had been started on his land, and he also acquired that.† His original purchase was about one hundred and sixty acres, to which he added from time to time until he became the owner of about eight hundred acres, all under fence and well adapted to the raising of grain, hay and stock.† A comfortable residence was built in 1859.† Recently his sons sold this ranch and property to Peter B. Kyne, the author, and W. D. Duke, the cattle king of Siskiyou County.
††††† On January 1, 1867, Mr. Caldwell was united in marriage to Miss Leona Arbaugh, a daughter of George W. and Rebecca (Graves) Arbaugh.† The Arbaugh family has long been established in this county, its progenitor having been Francis Arbaugh, who came from Germany in colonial days and lived first in Maryland, and then in Virginia.† His son John, born in 1774, married May Davidson, a daughter of David Davidson, of eastern Tennessee, and they had three children, one of whom was George W., who was born at Decatur, Alabama, August 9, 1822.† In 1831 he accompanied his family to Arkansas and lived on a farm in Johnson County, that state, until 1846, when he enlisted for the Mexican War, serving at Fort Gibson, in the Cherokee nation.† In April, 1850, he came to California, by way of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, arriving at Los Angeles on August 9th.† He fought in the war against the Yuma Indians, and soon afterward went north to the gold fields, mining at Fine Gold Gulch, Shasta, Yreka, Scott Bar and Weaverville.† In 1853 he returned to Arkansas, but later in that year came west again with his wife and child, this time following the Oregon Trail.† Leaving his family in Oregon, he again entered the gold fields of the Sacramento valley and in 1855 brought his family here.† In 1857 he bought the farm which became his permanent home.† On February 3, 1848, he married Miss Rebecca Graves, who was born in Alabama on December 25, 1828, and was a daughter of Samuel and Rebecca Graves.† To that union were born nine children, Leona being the eldest.
††††††††††† To Andrew J. and Leona (Arbaugh) Caldwell were born six children, as follows:† John, born June 6, 1868, now deceased; William Anthony, born September 25, 1869; Andrew J. born September 4, 1871; Harry, born January 3, 1874; Mattie Ann, born February 3, 1876; and Edward Harrison, born June 9, 1878.† Andrew is a farmer and lives near Yreka.† Harry, who lives in Weed, is practically retired.† Mattie lives in Richmond, this state, and William A. and Edward H. live together near Edgewood.† They are represented elsewhere in this work.
Transcribed by Gerald Iaquinta.
Source: Wooldridge, J.W.Major History of Sacramento Valley California, Vol. 2 Pages 237-238. Pioneer Historical Publishing Co. Chicago 1931.
© 2010 Gerald Iaquinta.