JOHN AND JOHANNA CRONIN.
Nos. 4701 and 5128--Dec. 31, 1879.
DISTRIBUTION, WHERE HEIR OR DEVISEE DIES PENDING
ADMINISTRATION; AND THE ESTATE OF SUCH HEIR OR DEVISEE IS
UNSETTLED AT THE TIME OF
DISTRIBUTION.--An executor or administrator is not a proper person to receive
title and transmit the same. His duty
and connection with estate lies simply in its administration for the payment of
the debts. He cannot, therefore,
properly be made a distributee of another
estate. The true course should be to
administer the estate of the heir or devisee, and distribute the interest which
such decedent may have in the former estate to the proper parties, who may,
when thus armed with their decree, apply for the share to which they may
thereby be entitled in the estate of the first decedent as representing an heir
or devisee thereof.
sections, C. C. P., 1665-6-7.
WILL.--DISTRIBUTION.--SURVIVOR.--DEVISE to two
beneficiaries and to the survivor in case either died before distribution.
Testatrix devised all her estate to her
two daughters, share and share alike, with the provision that in case of the
death of either before distribution, the survivor should take the whole
estate. One daughter made a conveyance
of her estate to a stranger and died before distribution.
HELD, that the surviving daughter took the entire
estate to the exclusion of grantee of deceased daughter.
section, C. C., 1345.
W. A. Plunkett, for executors of both
J. M. Burnett, for devisees of Johanna
John Cronin died testate April 1,
1872, seized of real estate, and administration is now pending. A portion of the estate was devised to his
wife, Johanna Cronin, who has since died testate, and administration of her
estate is also pending. Both estates are
ready for distribution. The direction of
the Court is asked as to the proper mode of distribution; that is, whether the
interest of the estate of Johanna Cronin in the estate of John Cronin, acquired
by her through the will of her husband, should be distributed, in the
distribution of the estate of John Cronin, to the executor of the will of
Johanna Cronin, or to the devisees named in the will of Johanna Cronin.
COURT: It is not the province of an
executor or administrator to take title on distribution; he administers upon
the title of the testate or intestate, and the object of his administration is
to pay the debts and ascertain who is entitled to the surplus. The proper course to pursue in these cases
is, to close the estate of Johanna Cronin, by having distribution of her
estate, including her interest in the estate of John Cronin, to her devisees,
and then let those devisees go with the decree of distribution to the estate of
John Cronin, and apply to have the interest of Johanna Cronin in the estate of
John Cronin distributed to them as successors in interest of Johanna Cronin as
found in the decree of distribution of her estate.*
The same principles would apply,
as well to the estates of intestates as of testates.
Wm. A. Plunkett, for Mary Cronin.
John M. Burnett and C. F. McC. Delaney,
for Mary H. Daley, grantee of devisee.
Cronin, by his will devised and bequeathed all of his property, real and
personal, to his wife, Johanna Cronin, for her sole use and benefit while she
remained unmarried; but in the event of her marriage, the estate was to go to
his wife, Johanna Cronin, and his daughters, Julia and Mary Cronin,
equally---one-third to each; and in case of the death of either of said
daughters, while his wife remained unmarried, the share of the daughter so
dying was to be equally divided between his wife and the surviving daughter;
but if the death of the daughter should occur after his wife’s marriage, then
the share of the daughter dying was to go to the surviving daughter.
Cronin died on the second day of October, A.D. 1872, leaving her surviving her
two daughters, Julia and Mary Cronin. By
her will, she devised and bequeathed all of her property to her two daughters,
Julia and Mary Cronin, share and share alike.
And in the case of the death of either daughter before the distribution
of the estate, the share of the daughter so dying was to go to the surviving
Cronin died before the distribution of the estate. Previous to her death, to wit: on the
twenty-second day of November, A.D. 1876, she made what was intended by her as
a conveyance of all of her interest in the estate to one Mary L. Daly.
surviving daughter, Mary Cronin, then made application for the distribution of
the whole estate to her as the only person entitled to the same under the
will. This application was contested by
Mary Daly, grantee of deceased daughter, who claimed that she was entitled, under
the conveyance above mentioned, to the share of said Julia Cronin, deceased.
COURT: The deceased daughter having died before distribution, the surviving
daughter took all of the estate of both John and Johanna, under the will, to
the exclusion of the grantee of deceased daughter.
*This course was pursued, and thus both estates were
© 2008 Sue Wood.
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