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The Pioneer Steamer

 

CALIFORNIA

 

1848 – 1849

 

By VICTOR M. BERTHOLD, Ph.D.

 

With Illustrations

 

Boston and New York

HOUGHTON MIFFLIN COMPANY

MDCCCCXXXII

 

 

 

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

 

The author desires to express his sincere thanks for the generous and highly valuable coöperation extended to him in his research work by the following persons:

 

Mr. PHIL B. BEKEART, Member of Board of Directors of the Society of California Pioneers, San Francisco, Cal.

Mr. ROBERT E. COWAN, Librarian, Los Angeles, California.

Mr. H. L. VAN WINKLE, Secretary, Society of California Pioneers, San Francisco, California.

Mr. HENRY C. NEEDHAM, Lawyer and Historian, New York City.

Mr. L. H. FOX, New York Public Library, New York City.

Editor, San Francisco Chronicle, San Francisco, California.

Miss DOROTHY H. HUGGINS, Cor. Secretary, California Historical Society, San Francisco, California.

Miss SARAH LOUISE KIMBALL, Secretary, California Genealogical Society, Palo Alto, California.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CONTENTS

 

 

 

THE LOG OF THE CALIFORNIA (bottom of this page)

 

xiii

SHE SAILS

 

1

EASTERN NEWSPAPER COMMENTS

 

3

SOURCES OF INFORMATION

 

8

THE PACIFIC MAIL STEAMSHIP CO. & THE US MAIL STEAMSHIP CO.

 

11

THE GOLD FEVER

 

13

ERRORS AND MISTAKES

 

24

NEW YORK TO RIO DE JANEIOR: THE DIARY OF DR. STOUT

 

26

THROUGH THE STRAITS OF MAGELLAN

 

30

THROUGH THE PACIFIC TO VALPARAISO

 

32

SAILING TO CALLAO

 

34

PANAMA

 

36

ACAPULCO

 

43

ESTIMATED NUMBER OF PASSENGERS TAKEN ON AT PANAMA

 

44

TOTAL NUMBER OF PASSENGERS ON THE CALIFORNIA ON HER ARRIVAL AT SAN FRANCISCO

 

47

PASSENGER LIST OF THE CALIFORNIA

 

49

PANAMA TO SAN FRANCISCO

 

51

MUTINY ON BOARD

 

54

SAN BLAS AND MAZATLAN

 

57

THE CROSBY MANUSCRIPT

59

 

COASTWISE TRIPS OF THE CALIFORNIA, 1849 to 1852

 

 

65

THE ARRIVALS AT SAN FRANCISCO AS NOTED IN THE EASTERN NEWSPAPERS

 

66

ADVENTURES OF THE CALIFORNIA AFTER 1852

68

 

 

 

APPENDIX

 

A. REVISED DE LANCY PASSENGER LIST OF THE CALIFORNIA

 

75

B. PASSENGER LIST OF THE STEAMER FALCON ON LEAVING NEW YORK, DECEMBER 1, 1848

 

90

C. PASSENGER LIST OF THE STEAMER FALCON ON LEAVING NEW ORLEANS

 

91

D. PASSENGER LSIT OF THE STEAMER CRESCENT CITY

 

93

E. PROGRESS OF THE PASSENGERS OF THE CRESCENT CITY OVER THE ISTHMUS AT CHAGRES, JANUARY 2, 1849

 

94

F. PASSENGER LIST OF THE STEAMER ISTHMUS

 

97

G. COLONEL MASON'S REPORT ON THE CALIFORNIA GOLD DISCOVERIES

 

98

H. COMPLETE LIST OF VESSELS TO CHAGRES FROM DECEMBER 7, 1848, TO FEBRUARY 8, 1849

103

 

 

 

 

ILLUSTRATIONS

 

THE STEAMSHIP CALIFORNIA

   From a photograph taken in San Francisco Harbor by Bradley & Rulofson on the occasion of the festival of February   28, 1874, the twenty-fifth anniversary of her first arrival. The reproduction is from a photostat kindly furnished by the California State Library in Sacramento.

 

Frontispiece

MAP OF THE VOYAGE OF STEAMER CALIFORNIA FROM NEW YORK TO CALIFORNIA, 1848 to1849

 

1

ONLY KNOWN EXISTING LETTER CARRIED BY THE CALIFORNIA From the original envelope

 

4

NEWS OF THE CALIFORNIA From a clipping from the New Orleans Picayune for Feb. 23, 1849, Evening Edition

 

36

MAP OF THE ISTHMUS OF PANAMA ON A LETTER OF 1854

   From a letterhead of A. M. Hinckley & Co.'s Panama Transit Express

 

44

VIEW OF THE TOWN OF YERBA BUENA, OR SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA

   From a woodcut in a contemporary weekly

62

 

 

 

 

 

THE LOG OF THE CALIFORNIA

 

CAPTAIN CLEVELAND FORBES

 

Left New York

*October 6, 1848

at 6.50 P.M.

Near Bermuda

October 9, 1848

 

Crossed the Line

October 24, 1848

 

Passed Fernando de Noronha

October 25, 1848

 

Arrived at Rio de Janerio

November 2, 1848

at 4 P.M.

Left Rio de Janerio

*November 25, 1848

at 5 P.M.

Arrived at Valparaiso

December 16, 1848

at 9 A.M.

Left Valparaiso

December 22, 1848

at 5 P.M.

Anchored at Callao Roads

December 27, 1848

at 10 A.M.

Left Callao (Peru)

January 10, 1849

at 6.30 P.M.

Arrived at Paita (Peru)

*January 12, 1849

at 9 A.M.

Left Paita

January 14, 1849

at 12 noon

Arrived Panama

*January 17, 1849

at 12 noon

Left Panama

February 1, 1849

 

Arrived Acapulco (Mexico)

February 9, 1849

 

Left Acapulco

February 11, 1849

 

Arrived San Blas (Mexico)

February 13, 1849

 

Left San Blas

February 14, 1849

 

Arrived at Mazatlan (Mexico)

February 15, 1849

 

Left Mazatlan

February 15, 1849

 

Arrived at San Diego (Cal.)

February 20, 1849

 

Arrived at Monterey (Cal.)

February 23, 1849

at 11 A.M.

Left Monterey

February 27, 1849

at 7 P.M.

Arrived at San Francisco

February 28, 1849

at 10 A.M.

 

 

*In the Log, published in the New Orleans Daily Picayune of February 23, 1849 (Evening Edition), all dates are given in 'sea time', namely, October 7, 1848, November 26, 1848, January 18, 1849. Navigators begin their day at noon, because their latitude is determined by observation of the sun, while the longitude is also generally determined during the daytime. Thus the navigator's count of day is one day in advance of that of the astronomer's. For example, the navigator begins March 11 at noon on March 10. In the same manner the log of the California gives the date of the sailing of the California as October 7 instead of October 6, 1848.

 

 

 

 

 

Transcribed by: Jeanne Sturgis Taylor.


© 2010 Jeanne Sturgis Taylor.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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