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Pen Portraits

Autobiography Of State Officers, Legislators,

Prominent Business And Professional Men Of

The Capital Of the State Of California;

Also, Of Newspaper Proprietors,

Editors, And Members Of The

Corps Reportorial


Compiled by

R. R. Parkinson,


In Sacramento City, during the Session of the Legislature of 1877-8.



Officers Of The Senate.


Pages 14-44.




Lieutenant-Governor James A. Johnson, of San Francisco... Age 48 [See Biography]


President Pro. Tem.


B. J. Lewis, of Tehama...Age 45 [See Biography]




Rufus Shoemaker, of Nevada County... Age 48 [See Biography]


Assistant Secretary.


P. H. Dunn, San Luis Obispo County...Age 25


Assistant Secretary.


George Leckel, of San Francisco...Age 53 [See Biography]




Colonel William H. Bell, of San Francisco...Age 48 [See Biography]


Assistant Sergeant-At-Arms.


S. S. Ford, of Lassen County...Age 53 [See Biography]


Minute Clerk.


Newton Benedict, of Alameda...Age 52 [See Biography]


Assistant Minute Clerk.


L. C. Branch, of Stanislaus County...Age 24


Journal Clerk.


George B. Crosby, of San Francisco...Age 47


Enrolling Clerk.


George W. Green, Jr., of San Francisco...Age 30


Engrossing Clerk.


Michael Mitchell, of Tulare County...Age 23




A. L. Edwards, Jr., of San Francisco...Age 18




Hon. W. C. Angney (Deceased).




[Santa Clara County]


The gentlemen we give this short biography of, and who now is far away from political troubles and free from life's misery, was a native of the State of Pennsylvania, and at the time of his death was 56 years of age.  Deceased came to California in 1850, from New Mexico, and settled in Santa Clara County and became a large landowner in that section.  He was selected to the State Senate in 1875, and at the time of his death was serving out his second term.  It was a pleasure to write of such a man for the reason that, although he was a Democrat in politics, his Republican friends were his warmest during life, and are the most earnest in speaking his praise after his passing away.  He is gone, and cannot read what we say of him, but it is a pleasure to the biographer to be able to say of the gentlemen deceased that he was a man among men, and that his record will live after him.  Those who knew Mr. Angney best say that he was a man of great natural genius; a man who had acquired a fund of general information; a bright scholar and a lawyer of more than ordinary ability.  He was a retiring man and one who required strong incentives and even opposition to bring him out; that he was always sound, always honest and always a leader when right was against might.  A Republican friend says of the deceased, that he was as good a man as ever entered the Legislative halls of California; and far too honorable a gentleman, in these degenerate days, for death to snatch from the Senate of the Golden State.  It is with much pride that owning to alphabetical rules, we're enabled to start our pen portraits with so good a man's character.




Hon. James Beazell.


[Alameda County]


Senator from Alameda County, is serving his second term as Senator.  He is a very large and fine looking gentlemen, as blacksmith by trade, and an old as well as a respected citizen of his County.  Mr. B.  is a man of few words, and as his looks indicate, a worker rather than a talker.  No parlor knight is he, but one of those plain blunt men that strangers take to, for he has an honest look, and like one of those knock down argument would be rather severe to the recipient.  Senator Beazell is a Democrat, but as he says, does not hurt him, for that in his opinion a man's a man, no matter what his politics may be.  Senator Beazell was born in Pennsylvania, and is 47 years of age.  He is a married man, and considered well-to-do in this world's goods.  Senator Beazell  is a member of the Committee on State Prison Buildings and on State Prison.




Hon. John W. Bones.


[San Francisco & Alameda Cos. ]


This gentlemen, who by the decease of Senator Nathan Porter, was elected to the Senate of the State of California, is a native of Pennsylvania, and first saw light near Valley Forge (that place of great memory for Americans) in September, 1818, and is consequently, in his 60th year.  In his native State of his early days, like those of Cincinnatus, were spent at the plow, and in agricultural pursuits.  In 1850 Mr. B. came to California, and settled in the then infant city of San Francisco, where he followed the occupation of carpenter.  In 1868 he removed to Alameda County, and permanently settled in the town of the same name, where he followed the occupation of carpenter and builder, and for some years past has devoted his attention to the business of architect.  He has made for himself a comfortable home, and is considered a well-to-do man, and is much respected for his sobriety and honesty.  Senator Bones was a strong advocate of the Local Option law, and is still a great temperance man.  In politics Mr. Bones is a Republican, but strongly in favor of liberal views.  Knowing which, and believing him to be a man of the people, and for the people, the Workingmen's party of San Francisco and Alameda County selected him as their representative to succeed the lamented Nathan Porter in the Senate.  The newest Senator recognizes nothing but the duty he owes to his County and State, and refuses to be led or hoodwinked by any party or clique, and so has been made the subject of some ridicule by those who imagined they had a tool to play with.  In person Mr. Bones is tall and angular, and although not combative in appearance, looks as though his three score years would not prevent him from taking his own part if necessary.




Hon. J. S. Boyston,



[San Francisco County]


Who represents one portion of the Eleventh Senatorial District, located in San Francisco.  The Senator, has yet, had but thirty-three years to worry with the pleasures and misfortunes of life.  Enjoying for the first time, legislative honors, he has become remarkably modest, and enjoys the toga in such a manner as to ensure that he will be a valuable representative, and will do full justice to the people who elected him.  Mr. Boyston is a Democrat, and, like all other members of that party, receives all political matters as dictated by carcass--and abides by such decision.  His course, so far, excites the respect of his colleagues, and as is supposed, he will so continue, he will be a valuable acquisition to the party that honored him, and proportionately respected by his constituents.  As a debater, Mr. Boyston has not made much of a record this session, but he votes consistently, and is looked upon as an honest representative.  He is a married man, resides in San Francisco, and carries on the business of a liquor dealer.  He is a native of Ireland.  Senator Boyston is a member of the Committee on in Engrossment, of Committee on Internal Improvements, and Chairman of Committee on Military Affairs.




Hon. Wm. H. Brown,



[El Dorado & Alpine Cos]


Senator, representing the Twenty-third District, comprising the Counties of El Dorado and Alpine, is a native of Marietta, Ohio, aged 43 years.  Mr. Brown is largely engaged in the wholesale grain and flour business, and is one of the leading merchants of his county.  He served two years as Senator of El Dorado County, to the entire satisfaction of all citizens, without regard to political opinion.  The Senator is a staunch Republican; and so great was the confidence of the people in his integrity, that in the strongest Democratic districts he received majorities, and this was known from actual observation.  The subject of this sketch is a married man, and, though his head has become somewhat denuded of the black hair that once adorned it, his hat on, he looks a younger man than he is.  Senator Brown is serving his first term, having been elected in 1877.  He is no debater, and seldom takes part therein, but he is a close observer; is always in his seat, and watches every measure very closely, and votes according to his own unbiased judgment.  He is one of that class of legislators who attend the sessions of the body to which he belongs for the purpose of advocating the interest of his constituents, and the State at large.  Such men as he command respect and influence.  Senator Brown is a member of the Committees on Corporations, on Finance, and Irrigation.



Hon. F. M. Brown.



[ San Joaquin & Amador Cos.]


This young gentleman represents San Joaquin and Amador Counties.  He is a native of Maine, 32 years of age and married.  Senator Brown is a Republican, and a very gentlemanly person.  He is a shrewd businessman, and if we mistake not, will prove equally as able on the floor of the Senate as in his office.  Mr. Brown is general business manager of the Amador Canal Mining Company, and is interested in water property of considerable value.  The Senator takes an active part in educational matters, which he is quite au fait. He is a member of the Committee on Education, of Mining and of Irrigation and Water Rights.  As we stated above, we predict for the young Senator, for there is a light in his eye, and a determination expressed on his countenance, that goes to prove him to be no man's plaything.  Of course, young Senators when on the minority side of the house have not the facility for exhibiting their power, yet we think the subject of this portrait will make himself heard before the close of the session, especially if his corns should be trod on.



Hon. W. H. Crane.


[Butte, Plumas & Lassen Cos.]


Representative in the Senate of Butte, Plumas and Lassen Cos., is a native of the Western New York, and although he does not look nearly so old, acknowledges to 39 years.  Senator Crane came to California in 1858 and has resided in Lassen County for 20 years.  He has been connected with United States Land Office for years, and has occupied the position of County Treasurer for six years.  Mr. Crane is a married man, well known in his own State and that part of Nevada adjoining it; is a Republican, and much respected by all who know him.  Senator Crane is considered one of the handsomest men in the Legislature.  Mr. Crane is a modest, retiring gentleman, and as yet has taken no part in debate., but he is one of that class of representatives who do good work in the Committee room, and in voting understandingly and correctly.  Mr. Crane is Chairman of the Committee on County and County Boundaries, member of Committee on Agriculture and of Swamp and Overflow Lands.



Hon. Joseph Craig.



[San Francisco, Nevada & Placer Cos.]


Below we give a portrait of a rather extraordinary man of his age.  Senator Craig was born in Clinton County, Missouri, August 14, 1849, and is, consequently, not yet 28 years of age, although he looks much older, this factor rising, probably, from a stern look he generally wears.  The young Senator came to California in 1852, and lived in Nevada County until December 1, 1869.  Up to 1867 he followed mining and distilling.  He then patented and commenced the introduction of the "Globe" and "Little Giant" hydraulic mining machines, which became a success in 1871, and have since gone into general use, entirely revolutionizing hydraulic mining, making millions of acres of gravel before useless, valuable for mining purposes, and resulting in great benefit to the State at large.  In 1873 the subject of these remarks commenced the study of law, and was admitted to practice two years later.  Patent law has been a specialty with the Senator, and he has been very successful.  He is now practicing in San Francisco city and now represents the county in the Senate.  Senator Craig is a very gentlemanly, tall and good-looking man, and takes a leading part in debate when ever the occasion calls for his participation.  He is clearheaded, firm and outspoken, and convinces his peers that he is a square man.  He is a conservative Democrat and lets the Senate know the fact.  He is a married man, and brother to E. S. Craig of Auburn and District Attorney of Placer County.  We believe Senator Craig will make a broad mark as a legislator, and that before the expiration of his term he will be at the top of the tree in the Senate.  Senator Craig is Chairman of Engrossing Committee, member of the Committee on Hospital, and of Judiciary Committee.




Hon. John C. Coleman.



[Nevada & Sierra Cos.]


This gentleman represents Nevada and Sierra counties in the Senate.  He is a native of England, age 51 years.  Senator Coleman is one of the pioneers of the Pacific Coast, having arrived in California in 1850 from St. Louis, Mo.  Where he had resided for many years.  The time and energies of Mr. Coleman have been devoted to the mining interests of his section of the State, and from what we here, he is considered one of the most prominent men in that business that Grass Valley and Nevada City boasts of.  Mr. Coleman is President of Colfax and Nevada City Narrow Gauge Railroad, and in what is one of the pioneer movers in carrying out that very necessary improvement.  He is also said to be a large stockholder in the corporation.  He is a married man, and has a family residence in Grass Valley.  Senator Coleman is a Democrat of the conservative type.  He is exceedingly diffident, and a difficult man to get data from, but his friends and constituents speak in the highest terms of his probity and general business capacity.  As a working member, Mr. Coleman would doubtless prove a success.  He is not one of the talking class, but is always in his seat, and seems to have an eye to business.  This is his first term in the Senate, and we understand, his first official position, and notwithstanding he has arrived beyond middle life, he seems perfectly willing to learn.  We look on him as a safe man to send to the Legislature, and feel confident that lobby members will find it a difficult job to control a vote of his.  Senator Coleman is Chairman of Committee on Mines and Mining, a position for which his practical knowledge in the business eminently qualifies him.  In person, the subject of these remarks is sparse, and looks of just about the age he lays claim to.



Hon. N. Greene Curtis


[Sacramento County]


This gentleman represents in part the County of Sacramento, in the State Senate.  He is recognized as one of California's best lawyers, and has made a broad mark in his profession.  Mr. Curtis is a native of Carolina, and old line Whig Democrat.  He is a man of over 50 years, large and portly, of remarkable and dignified appearance.  He has resided in Sacramento since 1850, and it is, of course, one of the pioneers, as well as the first legal gentleman, settling in his county.  Senator Curtis is a fine and influential speaker, a first-class special pleader, and one who carries great weight in the courts of justice in this State.  He was elected to the Senate last Fall by a handsome majority over the very estimable Republican candidate against whom he had to contend.  This is his third session in the Senate, and, as in the courts, so on the floor of the Upper House, he must always be looked upon with respect, and receive the deference of his compeers, being considered by all who know him as a strictly honorable gentleman, and one who has the interests of his city, county and State, at heart.  Senator Curtis served in the assembly of this State during the session of 1860-61.  His name has been frequently mentioned in connection with the United States Senatorship, and by all who know him best he is considered eminently fitted for that high and honorable position Mr. Curtis is a man of family, and a resident of Sacramento City.  He is Chairman of the Committee on State Library, and a member of the Committees on Judiciary, Finance, and Claims.




Hon. Peter Dean.


[San Francisco & Tulare Cos.]


Is a Senator representing the Tenth District of San Francisco, and politically a Republican.  He is an Englishman by birth, but came to the United States under one year of each.  He came to California in 1849 from Providence, R. I., and has been a continuous resident of San Francisco since 1869.  He was a candidate for the Legislature on the Republican Ticket for Tulare County in 1861, and candidate for School Director on Taxpayers' Ticket in San Francisco in 1873.  He was elected to the Senate in September, 1877, and his term expires December, 1881.  Mr. Dean is a medium-sized, portly gentleman, a man of family, 48 years of age, and at present not engaged in business.  He has long been engaged in the cattle trade, and has had a large and varied experience in California life, and is now President of the Society of California Pioneers.  He is not only a pioneer by virtue of the time he came here, but one by virtue of his pioneer life.  This is his first legislative experience, and he has proven himself an active and useful member of the Senate.  His official record, thus far, has been a consistent one, and shows him to be a representative of no particular faction or clique, but of the whole people, and a friend of the laboring classes.  He is a member of the Committees on Commerce and Navigation, Swamp, Overflowed, and Public Lands, Public Morals, and Retrenchment.




Hon. M. J. Donovan.




[San Francisco County]


This gentleman represents, in part, the Twelfth District, San Francisco.  Senator Donovan is a married man, a housepainter by trade, a Democrat in politics, and an Irishman by nationality.  This is the second term Mr. Donovan is serving in the Senate.  He came to California from Washington City in 1860.  Mr. Donovan has served as School Director in San Francisco, and still takes a very active part in all legislation on school matters.  He is a rather heavy-set man, very deliberate in his speech, so much so, in deed, as to lead the casual listener to suppose he was preaching, rather than debating in a legislative hall.  Senator Donovan does not impress us as being a very bright man, or a particularly well educated one, but we judge him to be a square, honorable person, and one who will always do his best to advance the interest of his constituents.  In fact he may be summed up as a plain, blunt man who aims to do right.  Senator Donovan is Chairman of the Committee on Public Buildings and member of Committee on Contingent Expenses, on Education, and Public Morals.




Hon. Geo. S. Evans.




[Tuolumne County & San Joaquin Cos.]


Senator Evans is one of the oldest members in the California Legislature.  He is acknowledged to be the best parliamentarian in either House.  He is a genial, high-toned gentleman, and exceedingly commanding in appearance.  He is a staunch Republican, and although in the minority, has the profound respect of every member of the Senate.  He is a heavy set, soldierly looking gentleman; wearing his gray hair and beard with pride and is in all respects with the best class of pioneers of the Pacific Coast are, in few exceptions, found to be. Senator Evans was born in the little town of Tecumseh, in the then Territory of Michigan, on the 8th day of August, 1826.  Moved to Texas with his father in 1835, when it was a colony of Mexico; lived in Texas and New Orleans from that date until 1849.  Was in the Mexican war a member of Captain Ben McCullough's independent spy company of Texan rangers, under General Taylor.  After the war and the enthusiastic news of the discovery of gold, in connection with a Mr. John Haynie, he raised a company of some forty men and started from Austin, Texas, on the 17th of March, 1849, across by land, traveling up on the west side of the Colorado River, until he made with what he supposed was sufficient northing, and then struck out due west, traveling by pocket compass through an unknown country for California.  Arrived in California July 4th, 1849, crossing the Colorado River at the mouth of the Gila River, by swimming their animals and crossing their luggage on rafts made from the dead limbs of the cottonwood trees found on the river bank; suffered at times on the route to Texas before reaching the Rio Grande, both for food and water, lived on prairie dogs, wood rats, etc., for some days, and eventually killed one of the mules to eat, and had a feast on the nice parts of the animal, cut up and boiled into a soup, seasoned with red pepper and salt, and thickened with the washings of the sacks that had had flour in them; divided the balance of the meat among the men, who dried and is tied it on their saddles for future living.  Went direct to the mines, coming off the coast, traveling through Pacheco Pass, so-called, and going to Sonora Camp, in what afterwards became Tuolumne County.  Mined in Calaveras and Tuolumne until the heavy rains of November drove them out of this claim, after what was known as the Pine Log Crossing, on the South Fork of the Stanislaus River.  Then went into Sonora and hired out as the clerk in the store of Messrs. Green & Holden.  In 1850 he built the first frame house with glass windows that was erected in the county, the lumber costing 75 cents per foot, or $750 per thousand.  He lived in Sonora merchandising, mining, etc., until the war of the rebellion broke out; was a member of the Common Counsel of that city; was twice elected County Clerk, also served as Under Sheriff.  When the call for troops was made in 1861 he went into the army, was appointed Major of the Second Calvary, California Volunteers, by Governor Downey, was subsequently promoted to be Lieutenant-Colonel, then Colonel of his regiment, and breveted a Brigadier-General by the President.  He was on this coast during all his service, establishing Camp Drum in Los Angeles County, afterwards known as Drum Barracks; then moving into the Owens River country, Inyo County, established Camp Independence on the 4th of July, 1862.  He then marched to Visalia, Tulare County, and established Camp Babbit; then went to Camp Douglass, Utah Territory, which post he was in command of when he resigned, because of injuries received in the service.  He had a great deal of hard service in hunting and fighting Indians and protecting the overland travel, stage line, etc. Before going into the army had been Minute Clerk and Secretary of the Senate.  Upon leaving the military service Mr. Evans returned to Sonora, and was elected, in 1863, to the State Senate.  He drew the long-term, that session being the first under the amended Constitution, providing for biennial sessions, and the election of one-half of the Senators each two years.  Was afterwards appointed Adjutant-General by Governor Low; was removed by Governor Haight on account of politics, solely.  Removed to Stockton in 1868, and went into the business of merchandising.  He was elected, in 1869, a member of the Council, and was the next year promoted by being elected Mayor.  He was, the next year, elected to the Senate for four years, and afterwards re-elected, and is now serving his last term.  General Evans is a married man, and the father of six living children.  Should the Republican Party, come into power again, Senator Evans will doubtless be mentioned for some very prominent position.





Hon. Thomas Flint.



[Santa Cruz, Monterey & San Benito Cos.]


Is the Senator representing the Sixth Senatorial District, which comprises the counties of Santa Cruz, Monterey, and San Benito.  His term expires in December, 1879.  He is of medium height, gentlemanly bearing, entirely devoid of assumption; married; about 53 years of age; every inch of him Republican; a member of the Patrons of Husbandry; a Director of the Grangers' Business Association; and a physician and surgeon by profession, being a graduate of Jefferson Medical College, Pennsylvania.  He is a native of Somerset County, Maine, from which State he emigrated to California via Panama, when the Isthmus had to be crossed by very ancient methods of travel, arriving in July, 1851.  He shortly returned to the East, where he collected a large band of sheep, with which he crossed the plains, bringing them to California, and has since been continuously engaged in raising of sheep.  He is a member of the well-known firm of Flint, Bixby & Co., proprietors of the Southern Coast Stage Line, and extensive landowners, ranchers, stock sheep raisers, in almost every county on the coast.  Also, a member of the firm of B.P. Flint & Co., Wool Commission Merchants, of San Francisco, who rank among the most extensive Wool houses on the coast.  Also, of the firm of J. Bixby & Co., of Los Angeles, ranchers, stock raisers, and wool growers.  In addition to these enterprises, Mr. Flint is the President of the Farmers' Mutual Fire Insurance Company, of San Francisco, and one of the Directors of the Bank of Hollister.  It is needless, therefore, to state that his wealth and business enterprises are matters of common notoriety in the commercial world.  Politically, he has been willing to spend a portion of his time and influence in the interest of his constituents, when they have been sought, having served as Chairman of the Board of Supervisors, of both Monterey and San Benito Cos., for several years.  Also, as Chairman of the Republican County Central Committee, as well as of the Congressional District in which he resides; and also as a member of the Republican State Central Committee.  Always punctual and attentive to business, he makes a reliable and influential member of the Senate, and ought to be returned at the next election, if he so desires.  He resides near San Juan, San Benito County, on his extensive rancho; is highly esteemed by all who know him, for his many acts of sympathy with suffering humanity, and assistance rendered to worthy objects.  He is a member of the Committee on Agriculture, County, and County Boundaries, and Engrossed Bills.




Senator Thomas Fowler.



[Tulare, Fresno, Kern & Mono Cos.]


Best known to his friends as Tom Fowler, represents the Counties of Tulare, Fresno, Kern and Mono.  He is a native of County Down, Ireland, and is 49 years of age.  He came to California in 1852, and settled in the wild County of Tulare.  Mr. Fowler is an energetic man of business, and one of the largest cattle owners and landed proprietors in the State.  Some ten years ago Mr. Fowler carried on the cattle business in Nevada, and controlled the meat markets of Carson City, and elsewhere.  He now counts his cattle by the tens of thousands, and his acres by the thousands.  Mr. Fowler is a married man, and father of five children, the youngest an infant of a few months.  In features, the subject of this sketch is handsome and florid, and in accent could pass anywhere for a Scotchman, but he takes pride in announcing himself as an Irishman.  Mr. Fowler served in the Senate twice before, and six years ago was the champion of the "No Fence" law.  In the Senate, Mr. Fowler is an outspoken, fearless man, a little apt to get excited, but, on the whole a very good representative.  It is dangerous to tread on Senator Fowler's toes, for he is as quick to resent as to forgive an injury, and aims to do right to the State at large and his constituents.  He is a kind friend and his wealth seems to make no change in him.  Of course Senator Fowler is a Democrat.  He is prominent in all legislation concerning irrigating schemes, and is chairman of the committee appointed for that business.  It is said by some that Mr. F. is candidate for Governor of the State at the next election; but this is near rumor.  He is a hard man to fight against, for the reason that he has acres, cattle on a thousand plains and hills, and a pluck that will surmount any difficulty.  In conclusion, it may be said of Senator Tom Fowler, that he is more forcible than angelic in debate; that he has great regard for himself, his ability, his family and his friends.  He can talk as loud and tell as stiff a yarn as ever; and, as he used to say he in the years gone by, never lies, but only draws the long bow once in a while. 




Jesse O. Goodwin



[Sutter & Yuba Cos.]


Who represents Sutter and Yuba counties in the Senate.  Senator Goodwin was born in Rochester, New York, and is now 60 years of age.  He came to California in 1849 and located in the then infant town of Marysville, where he has resided ever since.  Mr. Goodwin studied and practiced law in his native city and has followed the profession during his residence in California.  He was for six years Judge of his district, and established for himself a record of which any man may be proud.  The Senator is an older brother of Judge Charles Goodwin, of the Virginia Enterprises, and just such a genial, whole-souled gentlemen.  The Senator is now the wearer of milk-white hair, and looks exceedingly well for a man of his years and studious habits.  He is a man who commands universal respect, and whenever he rises in the Senate, is paid marked attention.  Mr. Goodwin is a staunch Republican, and, of course, in the minority.  The present is his first term in the Senate.  Senator Goodwin is member of Committee on Public Buildings, on State Prison, and Irrigation and Water Rights.




Hon. William M. Gwin, Jr.


[Tuolumne & Calaveras Cos.]


Is a Senator representing the Seventeenth Senatorial District, which comprises the Counties of Tuolumne and Calaveras, and resides at the Gwin Mine, in the latter County.  He is a married man, 34 years of age, a thoroughbred Democrat, and by occupation and profession a quartz miner.  He is a native of Mississippi and came to California from Washington City, D.C., in 1853.  Mr. Gwin is a son of the notable "Duke Gwin," who has become so conspicuously identified with the political history of California.  This is his second term in the Senate, having been a member of the Eighteenth session.  He is now serving the first session of his present term, which will expire in December, 1881.  He is a young man of ability, culture and dignified bearing; rather tall, has a military appearance, is industrious and attentive to the business of the Senate.  Takes a great interest in any measure touching the interests of his constituents, and seems to realize that he holds his present honorable position, not for the attainment of his personal ends, but as their representative and servant.  His election to a second term in the Senate is an evidence of the confidence reposed in him by his district, and we regard him as one of the coming men of the State. He is a member of the Committee on Corporations, Finance, and Mines and Mining.  He seldom occupies the time of the Senate in speech-making.




Hon. Creed Haymond.



[Sacramento County]


Represents in part the County of Sacramento in the State Senate.  The subject of this memoir is a native of the Virginia, and has resided in California since his sixteenth year, being now 41 years of age.  This Senator is a difficult subject to take the portrait of, for he is of that class of young California men who have astonished the world with their genius and go-ahead habits.  The writer has known Mr. Haymond since his boyhood, and from the time when attention was first call to study of law.  In all he ever undertook his will power has made him successful, and he now stands as one of the rising lawyers and politicians of the day, and there is no telling to what heights his indomitable will and towering ambition may lead him.  Senator Haymond is Independent in politics, although he has for many years a foremost man in the Democratic ranks.  For shrewd for shrewdest argument, cutting sarcasm, and an apprehension so quick that he jumps at a point instantaneously, he is, to use the common saying, a difficult (legislative) horse for anyone to carry.  The slightest mistakes made by an adversary in debate, is seized upon by Mr. Haymond, and hurled back with such merciless force that an ordinary man will quail under the scathing remark.  Mr. Haymond is one of the most original speakers we ever listened to, for which ever way the tide of debate may turn, he is always on shore, and generally on the right side.  The very fearlessness of the man commands the respect of his opponents.  As a lawyer, Mr. Haymond is considered among the best, for he poses great industry, determination, and a large amount of forensic eloquence.  Such a man as Senator Haymond is of the best class that can be sent to legislate for a people, for the reason that they are always ready to spring a political mine, and so carry out new measures that will in insured to the benefit of their constituents. Mr. Haymond being an Independent, his power is really greater than that of any other member, for he has no party to control him, and is an at liberty to advocate the side of the question that is likely to be the most general benefit.  We predict for Mr. Haymond a brilliant political future, and should the labor movement prove a success, he will doubtless be selected by that party for the most prominent position in the gift of the people.




Hon. William McPherson Hill.


[Napa, Lake & Sonoma Cos.]


Is a Representative of 20th Senatorial District, including the Counties of Napa, Lake and Sonoma, and resides in at Sonoma in Sonoma Valley.  He is married, 55 years old, a Democrat to the backbone, and by occupation and profession a general farmer, with the culture of the grapevine as his specialty.  He is a native of Pennsylvania, and came to California in 1849, via Cape Horn, and was 202 days in making the voyage.  Mr. Hill is one of Sonoma's most prominent and honored citizens, has been one of its Supervisors for three years, and President of the Sonoma County Agricultural Society.  He has also filled the position of President of the San Pablo District Pioneer Society for two years.  Mr. Hill is now serving the second session of his term, which will expire December, 1879.  He is a dignified and social gentleman, and at the last session of the Legislature, by his consistent and manly course, gained the approbation and confidence of his constituents, and the esteem of his fellow-Senators.  His watchword is, "economy and retrenchment in the government of the State," and his votes of the present session stand a living monument to his credit, that his practices are consistent with his teachings.  He is an able Senator well posted on matters of legislation, and advocates what he concedes to be right, regardless of anybody or anything else.  He never bores the Senate with long speeches, but says that he means in a plain, comprehensive manner, and when he is done, and he quits.  Mr. Hill is chairman of Committee on Agriculture, and a member of Committee on Counties and County Boundaries, Roads and Highways, State Prison, and Fisheries and Game.




Hon. S. G. Hilborn.



[Solano County]


This gentleman represents the Nineteenth Senatorial District, Solano County, and is a native of Minott, Maine, age 42 years.  He came to this coast in 1861, and settled in Vallejo, where he is now engaged in the practice of law.  He is President of the Vallejo Land Improvement Company, is City Attorney, and was six years Alderman of the city.  Mr. Hilborn is a staunch Republican, he stands very high in Masonry, and is at present a prominent member of the Grand Lodge of his State.  Senator Hilborn is a clear-headed, pains-taking legislator, and never takes the floor in argument unless he has a clear case to quit before his brother Senators, and then he shines as a debater, for his clarion voice rings all through that spacious hall, the Senate Chamber.  He was elected in 1875, consequently, the present is his second term in the Senate.  Although in the minority, Senator Hilborn, like the rest of his brother Republicans, carries great weight in the argumentation of any question catching the general welfare of the Country, and is a very dangerous opponent to tackle.  Senator Hilborn is chairman of Committee on Fisheries and Game, and member of the Committee on Corporation and Federal Relations.




[Tuolumne & San Francisco Cos.]


Hon. Robert Howe.



Represents a portion of the Thirteenth Senatorial District, located in San Francisco, and is what is termed a '49er in all its phases, though he arrived in the State in the year 1853.  His energy, geniality and quick turn for business pursuits soon attracted attention, and the people of Tuolumne County delegated him to attend to their interest in the Assembly, and elected him by a large majority.  Again was he elected, and after removing to the City of San Francisco, the people of that city, ascertaining his good qualities, elected him to the Assembly of the twentieth session, and a majority of the members of that body, ascertaining his abilities and experience, though differing with him politically, elected him as Speaker pro tem.  The public, again recognizing his worth, elected him in 1875 to represent them in the Senate, and since his advent in that body he has assumed a prominent position.  His friends propose to place his name before the next Democratic convention as a candidate for Lieutenant-Governor, and there is no doubt his popularity will ensured his nomination.  Mr. Howe is 46 years of age, a native of New York City, a Democrat in politics, and what is termed a good fellow.  He is posted in parliamentary usages, is commanding in appearance, and is a good worker in committees.




Hon. John Lambert.



[Solano & Yolo Cos.]


Represents the Nineteenth District, comprising Solano and Yolo Counties.  His residence is at Woodland, Yolo County.  Senator Lambert was born in Richmond, Virginia, in 1829.  He studied law in his native state, and was admitted to practice there. In 1849 he joined a joint-stock company, destined for the goldfields of California.  The company consisted of 117 members, and was termed the Pacific Mining and Trading Company. They chartered the ship Marianna, and off Cape Horn, on July 4th, 1849, the subject of our sketch, then a very young man, was elected President of the Company.  Reaching San Francisco the company disbanded, and Mr. Lambert removed to Sacramento in October of the same year, and forming other associations, started a mining operation on Rase Bar, Yuba County.  From thence they went on a prospecting tour on the Middle Yuba; also mined at Rough and Ready and other places in Nevada County.  Wherever he mined, Mr. Lambert practiced law, a common practice with the pioneer gentleman of the Pacific Coast.  In 1857, Mr. L. was elected to the Legislature from Butte County, and began in 1859; and ten years later he received the same honor of the citizens of Plumas and Lassen Counties.  Since 1871 Senator Lambert has resided in Woodland and practiced his profession, and was elected joint Senator from Yolo and Solano Counties last Summer, and is consequently serving out his term in the upper house.  Mr. Lambert is a family man, a staunch Democrat, and is what we termed a good legislator, for the reason that he does not jump to his feet on every occasion, nor tire the members with long debate.  In appearance Mr. L. is gentlemanly; hair dark, and very little of the capillary ornament left.  He is Chairman of the Committee on Federal Relations, and Member of Committee on Judiciary. He is an attentive committeeman, and always in his seat in the Senate. 




Hon. E. J. Lewis.



[Colusa & Tehama Cos.]


Was born in 1832, in Middletown, Ct., and, consequently, is now about 45 years of age, and hale, hearty, and vigorous.  At the age as 17, and in the year ' 49, after having the advantages of a common school education, he left his native hearts with the many brave Argonauts of that day, and arrived in Colusa County with a small, but brave band of friends, on the first day of July of that year.


After six years of trial and hard manual labor and close attention to the cultivation of his intellectual faculties, the citizens of that County, recognizing his ability, sobriety, and close attention to business, selected his him as their are Representative in the Legislature of 1855.  Notwithstanding that the Know Nothing feeling in this year ran high in that, as well as in almost every other district in the State, Mr. Lewis was elected by a large majority as the Democratic nominee.  Though a young man at the time, his record in that body is one that he may justly feel proud of, when we consider the able men he had to contend against.


In 1857 he was re-elected to the Democratic Legislature, and was at once recognized as one of the brightest lights of the body.  During all those years, Mr. Lewis devoted most of his time in perfecting his legal studies, and being early admitted to the bar, soon rose to distinction in the that section of the State.  When the Legislature of 1857 adjourned, he embraced his profession with greater avidity than ever, and soon became the head of his profession in that portion of the State.  Naturally eloquent, and from long experience a close observer of human nature, he readily surpassed his colleagues in criminal law.  Many cases, in which life was involved, terminated successfully for his clients.  This he continued until, in 1864, he was he selected as a McClellan Presidential Elector on the Democratic ticket.  He retired for a while again, giving all his energy to his profession until 1867.  When the people placed him in nomination, and he was elected to the State Senate by an overwhelming majority (Democratic) to represent the counties of Colusa and Tehama in that body.  Having made a good reputation as a debater and parliamentarian, he was honored in 1869 with an election to the honorable position of President pro tem of that body.  He discharged the functions of that office with great ability and to impartiality; in fact, growing so popular among his colleagues, and the people at large, that he was nominated for Lieutenant-Governor on the ticket with Governor Haight, in 1871.


The next time he figured conspicuously in the politics of California was in 1875, when he was re-elected to the Senate without much opposition.  His past services to party, his honest, straightforward, manly and impartial conduct while President pro tem in 1869 were not forgotten by many of his old colleagues, as he was once more chosen in 1877 to preside over deliberations of that body.  The President of the Senate, Lieutenant-Governor Johnson, seldom vacates the chair, but whenever he does, the Senator from Tehama fills his place.


Senator Lewis is 45 years of age, is married, and father of eight children.  He is a man of fine physique, and one of the best dressers in the Senate.  He is a forcible debater, and possessed with a copious flow of words.  He is courteous to all; a gentleman in his habits, and stands very high with his compeers.  The Senator is said to have good gubernatorial aspirations, and, indeed, to a man in the prime of life and possessing his record, there is no knowing what he may obtain.  Senator Lewis is chairman of Committee on Education, and a member of Committee on Judiciary.




Senator Timothy McCarthy.



[San Francisco County]


Representing the Ninth Senatorial District in part, is supposed, by many who are not personally acquainted with him, to have reached the age of 50 years.  The laborious duties performed by him in his youth, in contesting in New York City, in the years 1856 and 1857, with such, then, political giants as William M. Tweed, and his arduous work in upholding the Hon. Fernando Wood, it in the memorable Mozart Hall vs. Tammany contest, has cast lines upon his countenance that the sun of forty years has not yet effaced.  Seeing the life of day in the year 1838, the Senator's age can easily be ascertained.  Senator McCarthy, since 1859, has been an honored citizen of San Francisco, and has repeatedly enjoyed the suffrages of the citizens of that city.  Twice was elected to represent his district in the Board of Supervisors; and in recognition of his services, his constituents, three years since, elected him to the State Senate.  His course in that body has been consistently Democratic, and has met the wishes of those, who, by their suffrages, placed him in his present position.  The Senator is genial in his conversation, and has a host of friends in both parties.  His open statements, and the fact that he never shirks a vote, makes him a particularly valuable member; and his retention on the Committee of Corporations, ensures that all of interests of the people, in reference to freights and fares, will be carefully looked after.  The colleagues from the Ninth District, of Senator McCarthy, is.  [That is where they left it.]




Hon. Robert McGarvey.



[Mendocino, Humboldt & Del Norte Cos.]


The subject of the following remarks represents Mendocino, Humboldt and Del Norte Counties in the Senate.  He was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, in the year 1826, and came to California and 1849.  Mr. McGarvey is a practicing lawyer of note, and resides at Ukiah City, Mendocino County.  This is the Senator's second term in the Senate.  He is a clear-headed man, a good debater, and carries much weight among his brother Senators.  He is a man of middle height, neither handsome nor distinguished looking, but there is a merry twinkle in his eye, and an appearance of determination pervading the man's countenance, that most men would hesitate before offering him an insult.  Senator McGarvey is a consistent and persistent Democratic, and a warm defender of the tenets of his party, as well as tenacious of anything in opposition to the same.  He is quick in motion, and apt in argument and generally carries any point he advocates.  He is a married man, and does not look over 45 years of age.  He holds the very responsible and honorable position of Chairman of the Judiciary Committee, and was an active member of the same two years ago.




Hon. John M. Montgomery.



[Merced, Mariposa & Stanislaus Cos.]


Senator, for representing Merced, Mariposa and Stanislaus Counties, is one of the true metal that composed the early pioneers of the State of California.  He is not of the fuss and feather kind, but a blunt, plain, and, we judge, an honest man.  Senator Montgomery was born in the State of Kentucky, and emigrated to California as early as 1847.  He is a large farmer and stock raiser, and is considered to be a wealthy man.  He reminds us of those old boys who used to lead the emigrants the plains across, in early days.  A man of few words, but one whose very contenance exhibits the iron will within the man.  His dress, of modest gray, is never changed, and he courts no admiration; that is steadily at work at his desk all the time.  He is for retrenchment and reform, and seems to consider that his mission in the Senate is to make for the Democratic Party, of which he is an old and faithful member, a record of which it need not be ashamed.  When necessary, the Senator's voice is plainly heard, and all who listen to him recognize the fact that no flowery orator, but a plain, blunt farmer is talking just what he means.  Senator Montgomery is one of the oldest members, being over 61 years of age.  He is now serving out his term in the State Senate.  The subject of this memoir is neither handsome, nor distinguished looking, but merely one of those old, solid pioneers, who, knowing themselves to be right, push straight ahead, regardless of public opinion.  Senator Montgomery is Chairman of the Committee on Public Morals (a very proper appointment), also member of Committee on Agriculture, and special Committee on Public Expenditures.  He is a married man.




Hon. P. W. Murphy.



[Ventura, Santa Barbara & San Luis Obispo Cos.]


 Senator, representing the Third District, compromising the Counties of Ventura, Santa Barbara and San Luis Obispo, is brother to Senator B. Murphy; is 37 years of age and a widower.  He was born in Canada, and came to the Coast with the remainder of his family in 1844.  Mr. M. is one of the greatest cattle owners in the State of California, and a very wealthy man.  He served in the State Senate in 1865-6, and again in 1868-9, and was Supervisor of San Luis County.  He is like his brother, is a Democrat, and a man of considerable ability, although not much of a talker on the floor of the Senate.  Senator Murphy is Chairman of Committee on Roads and Highways, and member of Committees on Claims and Public Printing.




Hon. Bernard D. Murphy.



[Santa Clara County]


This gentleman represents in part, Santa Clara County, and is one of California' s own men.  He is one of the rich, pioneer family of California, of that name, that settled in 1844; coming from Missouri where the subject of our memoir was born.  Senator Murphy is now the 35 years of age, and per consequence, was but ten years old when he first saw this country.  He is a graduate of Santa Clara College, where he received high honors.  Although a young man, the citizens of his, almost, native city, elected him three times (6 years) to the position of Mayor.  To his credit, be it said, that he donated his annual salary, $600, during his six years of Mayoralty, to the Public Library fund of San Jose!  Mr. Murphy was elected to and served in the Assembly during the session of 1869-70; in fact, he has held official positions ever since he arrived at manhood's age.  In person, Senator Murphy is short, but exceedingly good-looking, and carries with him the air of an educated gentleman.  He is a wealthy man, and is respected by all who have the honor of his acquaintance.  Senator Murphy is a member of Committees on Engrossment, and on Internal Improvements.  This is his first term in the Senate, and, from his attention to legislative matters, and aptitude for business, we predict that he will be a very prominent member of the next session.  Mr. M. is a married man; a banker by occupation, and resides at the City of San Jose.




Hon. Frank McCoppin.



[San Francisco County]


Represents in part of the County of San Francisco, and were we taking a veritable portrait instead of a descriptive one, we could not select a better subject.  The Senator is a singularly handsome and distinguished gentleman; tall and straight as a popular, and although the 43 years of age, his hair is white as snow.  Senator McCarthy and is a native of Ireland, and came to the United States in 1852.  He is one of those high-toned Irish gentleman remind one of the Burkes and the Sheridans.  Well educated, and gentlemanly in all he does, his fine presence claims the respect of high and low.  Senator McCoppin served as a member of the Board of Supervisors of San Francisco City for eight years, and was also Mayor of the city.  He was elected to the State Senate from the 13th Senatorial District in 1875, and is now serving out his second term.  Senator McCoppin is a Democrat, and must always be a leader in that party.  He is a family man, and we presume wealthy.  In this connection, we may observe that the more of Senator McCoppin's class, and the less of the opposite, that immigrate to this country from the Green Isle, so much the better for the reputation of Irishmen in America, and the more fully will the people of this country realized the fact that a Irish gentleman is the peer of any man.  Senator McCoppin is chairman of Consolidated Committee on Finance and Claims, also of Committee of Commerce and Navigation, and of Joint Committee on the Constitutional Convention, and presided as chairman of the Democratic Senatorial caucus.




Hon. John C. Murphy.



[San Francisco County]


One of the youngest Senators in the present session representing a district.  Mr. Murphy is a native of Massachusetts, and arrived in California in the year 1851, at the age of 5 years.  His age can then be computed at 31 years, which rests lightly upon his shoulders.  The Senator represented in the lower house, two years ago, the Tenth Senatorial District in part, and there made a splendid record as chairman of the Committee on Commerce.  His occupation as coppersmith makes him a representative of the working-classes, and by his votes in the Senate has retained the confidence reposed in him by his constituents.  Mr. Murphy is a Democrat, and votes consistently with his party.  As a new member, he has the happy faculty to listen to the older Solons before he takes any active part in debate, but it has been noticed that whenever he asks the attention of the Senate, he was listen to with respect, and invariably carries the point made by him.




Hon. William C. Norton.



[Placer County]


Senator from the 22nd District, Placer County, California, was born in on the Western Reserve in Ohio, in the town of Madison, about two miles from Lake Erie, in Lake County, on the 20th day of December, 1828.  Lived in Ohio until he was 15 years of age, when, with his parents, he removed to the State of Wisconsin, completed his education at Beloit College, Wisconsin.  Studied law with John M. Kup, who was afterwards elected Circuit Judge of that Circuit.  Was admitted to the Supreme Court of Wisconsin in 1853.  Was admitted same year to the United States District Court held at the City of Milwaukee, as an attorney and counsellor at law, Judge Miller then presiding, and was appointed by said judge a Master in Chancery, which position was held by him until he left the State.  Went into partnership with R. R. Menzie, a celebrated criminal lawyer in Delaware, Wisconsin, and continue the practice of the legal profession until the Spring of 1861, when he left Wisconsin for California, coming across the plains.  Was a prominent and leading Democrat up to a short time before Lincolns first nomination; then he came a became a sterling and unyielding Republican, and continue to be so up to the time of the Independent movement, in this State, when he joined his political fortunes with that party, and was a delegate to its first State Convention, when he was selected as a member on Platforms and Resolutions, and he, together with Alexander Campbell, Jr., of San Francisco, was largely instrumental in framing the platform for that party.  Was elected as an Independent to the Assembly, and served in the session of 1873-4.  Was a warm friend and supporter of Newton Booth in his memorable contest for United States Senator.  Was a chairman of the Republican State Convention held in Sacramento April 26, 1876, beating for that place Leonidas Pratt of San Francisco, and L. B. Mizner of Solano.  Was chairman of the succeeding Republican State Convention held in San Francisco, same year, and by a resolution which passed that convention, was authorized and empowered to appoint an executive committee of fifteen members, which concluded the campaign for Hayes and Wheeler.  Stumped the State for Hayes and Wheeler in that memorable campaign.  We may here a state that Senator Norton stumped the State for Republican Party in the year 1867, when Gorham ran for Governor.  In 1868, he again stumped the State for Grant, for his first term.  Mr. Norton was elected by the citizens of Placer in 1877 to represent them in the Senate of the State.  Senator Norton is a man of fine presence, has a bright eye, and fearless looking countenance, and were it not for the grayness and sparseness of his hair, would not look his 49 years.  He is gifted with a clear, sonorous voice, and in debate he is a giant,.  Although in the minority, Mr. Norton occupies no second place in the Senate.  He is full of merriment, and can be as sarcastic as anyone breathing.  He is a power, and carries it in his very glance, and we predict that should the politics of this State take another change, he will be the next United States Senator.




Senator Edward Nunan.



[San Francisco County]


Represents a portion of the Eleventh Senatorial District, located in San Francisco.  Mr. Nunan is a native of Ireland, and is a self-made man in fortune.  His business is that of contractor and architect; is aged 51 years; has had experience in the Board of Supervisors of San Francisco, and is a good and industrious legislator.  His great interest is in the passage of a Bill, establishing for the City of San Francisco a Board of Public Works; a bill, if not unconstitutionally amended, will work great benefit to the people of the City.  Senator Nunan is essentially a modest man, so much so, as to object to having any account made of his antecedents, and it was with difficulty that we obtained from him the little that appears here.  He lived years in Australia, and, like all who have visited that beautiful country, speak favorably of the it. He is a much younger looking man then he is given age would indicate.




Hon. W. M. Pierson.



[San Francisco County]


Represents a portion of the Twelfth Senatorial District, San Francisco County, with Hon. M. J. Donovan.  Mr. P. is a native of Ohio, 35 years of age; a married man, and a lawyer by profession.  He was elected to the Senate in 1875, and is now serving out his second term.  Senator Pierson is a man of fine appearance, and is also a leading spirit of the Senate.  Dark-haired and black-eyed, he, with his broad chest and shaving chin, looks a very Napoleon among the older and less handsome members.  In argument, Mr. Pierson is clear, terse and powerful, and but few, in first hearing him speak, would need to inquire if he was a lawyer are not, for he has all the court and courtly graces of a young and prosperous attorney.  Senator Pierson is a very industrious member, and is considered a very able advocate of his constituents’ interests.  He is Chairman of the Committee on Swamp and Overflowed Lands, and member of the Committee on Judiciary and Claims.




Hon. Nathan Porter (Deceased).



[Alameda County]


It is a pleasure, as well as a duty, to mention in our "Pen Sketches," the name of so noble a gentleman as the lamented Nathan Porter, of Alameda County.  He had served but a few weeks as Senator, and will be long lamented by all who knew him.  We cannot do better than to reprint in this little book the remarks on his death, published in the Record-Union, of January 7th: "He was one of those men whose lives are at once an example and encouragement to their generation.  Possessed of brilliant talents, generous sympathies, a cool judgment and much energy, he employed those faculties always and at all times for the furtherance of the noblest causes, and instinctively allied himself with all organized efforts to ennoble, to relieve, or improve the conditions of his fellow-men.  While he had long since attained a well-earned reputation at the bar, as a thoroughly sound and painstaking lawyer, and a forensic orator of no mean powers, he had attained as wide a notoriety through his connection with benevolent and fraternal associations, and for the cheerful alacrity with which he at all times responded to calls upon his versatile abilities.  He was emphatically a domestic man, and yet none shone more genially in society.  He was a man of much more than ordinary culture, and one of those exceptionally rare politicians who appreciate the blessings of a well-stocked library. A solid, well-balanced man, in fact, and one who could always be trusted to do his full duty, no matter what the part assigned him.  For some years past his health had been filling, though his indomitable energy carried him through the numerous attacks of illness.  All the week before his death he delivered a lecture on the Drama, in Oakland, for the benefit of the church, and this was done when he should have been recruiting himself against the exhausting labors of the coming session.  Nathan Porter was a Republican, we had almost said as a matter of course. His clear intelligent and evenly-adjusted judgment inevitably lead him to affiliate with the party of progress--just as his genuine morality and sturdy independence impelled him to revolt from the attempts of adventurers to control the Republican Party for sinister ends.  He was not, according to the modern standard, a rich man; but he had enough and to share.  He was enable to gratify his intellectual tastes; to exercise a congenial hospitality, and to the leave a suitable provision for his family.  His life was not merely blameless, it was eminently useful.  He set a healthy and beneficent example to his juniors.  He upheld a high standard of honor and dignity in his profession.  He was a valuable citizen, a sagacious legislator, a learned jurist, a loving husband and father, a faithful friend, an honest man.  He has died almost in the maturity of his powers and his usefulness, and he has left a gap in society which Time is more likely to conceal than to fill."




Hon. Daniel Ream, M.D.



[Siskiyou, Modoc, Trinity and Shasta Cos.]


Is a Senator representing the Twenty-eighth Senatorial District, comprising the Counties of Siskiyou, Modoc, Trinity and Shasta, and resides at Yreka.  He is a native of Maryland, and came to California from Iowa in 1852.  He is a married man, 47 years of age, a practicing physician and surgeon, and politically a Democrat, sound to the core.  During the Indian war of 1855 he served as Captain of the volunteer cavalry company.  This is his first legislative experience.  He was elected to his present honorable position in 1877, and his term will expire at December, 1881, leaving him to serve another session of the Legislature.  The doctor is very popular with his constituents and enjoys the respect of all who have made his acquaintance in his legislative capacities.  Gentlemanly and courteous to all, with becoming dignity, he cannot fail to make friends of all him with whom he may, come in contact.  He is careful and considerate in all matters of public trust, and is ever found on the people's side of any question.  The Doctor has filled various positions of trust in his county.  In 1861 he was elected Coroner in Siskiyou County, and was subsequently elected Sheriff, and filled the office nearly three years.  In 1867 he was elected Tax Collector, and was the Resident Physician of the County Hospital for eleven years.  He has also served as an Examining Surgeon for pensioners in Northern California, which office he resigned in 1877.  He was not a talking member of the Senate, but a worker.  He is Chairman of the Committee on Hospitals, and a member of Committees on Education, Engrossed Bills, and Mines and Mining.  Is a good stump speaker, when in health, and stumped the State during the late campaign, against one of the best orators and most influential lawyers in his county.




Hon. Geo. H. Rogers.



[Tuolumne, San Francisco & San Mateo Cos.]


Represents San Francisco and San Mateo Counties in the Senate.  Senator Rogers is a native of Connecticut, and 47 years of age.  Like most of the Senators, Mr. R. is a married man.  He was elected a member of the Assembly for Tuolumne County in 1856, and Senator for the same county in 1857.  He was elected to the Assembly from San Francisco County in 1859, at which session he was elected Speaker of the House.  Senator Rogers is filling his second term as Senator, and is recognized as an able and fearless representative of his constituents.  He is an excellent parliamentarian, and commands the respect of his brother Senators whenever he takes the floor in debate. We consider Senator Rogers an able and useful member, and one with whom the interests of people of his counties are perfectly safe.  He is a Democrat, but is considered a conservative and liberal man.  We have paid considerable attention to the subject of these remarks, and feel pleasure in giving our commendation to all his acts, considering him a safe legislator, and worthy of confidence of his constituents.  Senator Rogers is Chairman of the Committee on Contingent Expenses, and a member of Committees on Education.  Federal Relations and Enrolled in Bills.




Hon. John W. Satterwhite.



[San Diego & San Bernardino Cos.]


Represents the First Senatorial District, comprising the Counties of San Diego and San Bernardino, and resides at the town of San Bernardino, where he practices his profession as an attorney.  He is a married man, about 37 years of age, and politically, a dyed-in-the-wool Democrat.  He is a native of South Carolina; move to Texas with his parents, where he attended school until 1860, when, mounted on a Mustang, he drove the band of cattle across the Plains to California, and arriving in October of that year.  Previous to his election as the Senator, he served his county in the Assembly during the session of 1865-6 and 1869-70, and he then gained a reputation for integrity, ability and industry, which established him in the confidence and esteem of his constituents.  He has also served his county as District Attorney for four years, and filled the position of Deputy County Clerk for two years.  He was elected to his present term in the Senate in 1875, and is now serving his second session, his term ending in December, 1879.  Mr. Satterwhite's poor health has materially interfered with his proverbial diligence and activity.  Nevertheless, he is ever on the alert in the interests of his people, and is strenuous in his support of economy and retrenchment in matters touching the public pocket.  Mr. Satterwhite is a tall, respectable looking gentlemen, has an intelligent expression, and a pleasant face, bearing indications of the considerable force and energy, and is entirely free from arrogance and assumption.  He is a sensible and forcible speaker, and occasionally takes part in the discussions of the Senate, and is noted for speaking his mind in plain English.  He is chairman of the Committee on Irrigation and Water Rights, and a member of the Committee on the Federal Relations and Finance.




Hon. Niles Searles.



[Nevada, Plumas & Sierra Cos.]


This gentleman represents Nevada and Sierra Counties in the Senate of the State, and is almost too well-known in California to need much of an autobiography.  The Senator Searles is a native of the State of New York, married, and age 52 years.  He immigrated to California in 1849.  In 1855 he was elected Judge of the Fourteenth Judicial District, comprising the Counties of Nevada, Sierra and Plumas, and was quoted all over the State as an incorruptible judge, and able jurist, and impartial in every act of his official life.  He is an able lawyer, and has, perhaps, no superior in the State.  We take pride in referring to Senator Searles, for the reason that there are so many living witnesses to bear testimony to the truth of our assertions.  The pioneer lawyers and judges of the Pacific Coast are becoming scarce, and the record of many who have gone to their final judgment unfortunately will not bear too close scrutiny, but we have the first man to meet who has a word to say against the object of this short memoir.  Senator Searles was elected as a Democrat in a district largely Republican.  If we are brightly informed, Mr. Searles was an old line Democrat, but was elected by the Native American party in 1855 as judge.  He is married, and has a family consisting of a wife and two sons, aged respectively 23 and 17--the elder of whom graduated at the State University in the class off ' 76, and is now reading law at Nevada City with his father.


Senator Searles is chairman of the Committee on Corporations, and a member of the Judiciary, Mines and Mining, Federal Relations, and of Joint Committee on Constitutional Convention.  A more active or better member is not to be found in the Senate, and when he rises in debate, he is clear, said sonorous voice is heard all through the Senate Chamber, seemingly demanding the respect and ideas invariably receive.




Hon. George H. Smith.



[Los Angeles County]


This gentleman represents Los Angeles County in the State Senate and is now serving his first term.  He was born in Philadelphia, February 2, 1834, and is now 44 years of age, although he does not appear as old.  His parents were natives of old Virginia, in which State Mr. Smith received his education, completing it at the Military Institute, Lexington, Virginia.  He taught school four years, and was admitted to the bar in 1854, and practiced in West Virginia until he left for this Coast in 1859.  In 1861, Mr. Smith returned, and entered the Confederate army as first lieutenant, and shortly after was promoted to a captancy, and finally made colonel of the Sixty-second Virginia Regiment.  He served until the close of the war, and went to Mexico in the Spring of 1866.  He landed in Vera Cruz, and finally settled at San Blas, and he engaged in the business of cotton planting.  In 1868 Mr. Smith came to California, and taught in public school at Rockwell, Solano County, for six months.  From thence he removed to Los Angeles, and is now a partner in the law firm of Chapman & Smith.  Of course Senator Smith is a Democrat.  He is a small sized, and very active man, married, and greatly interested in school matters.  He is chairman of Committee on Mileage, and member of Committee on Judiciary.




Hon. Paul Shirley.



[Contra Costa & Marin Cos.]


Senator from the Twelfth District, comprising the Counties of Contra Costa and Marin, is one of the solid men of the country.  Senator Shirley was born in Glasgow, Barren County, Kentucky, in 1827.  At the breaking out of the Mexican war, he joined General Price' s regiment and served through the war.  Returning to his home at the close of the war, his adventurous spirit was not long at rest, when the gold fevor broke out, he was found among the first to cross the plains to the golden shores of the Pacific.  Young, vigorous and bold, he found an ample field for his enterprise.  He was called by the people of Solano County to fill the position of Sheriff four consecutive terms.  In politics he is of the Jeffersonian school of Democrats, and was mainly instrumental in keeping the Democratic organization up during the war.  He is a man of large heart, and noble impulses, and possesses a high sense of honor, and is exceedingly courteous and polite to all.  He means to do right in all things, will not countenance anything that is not just right between man and man. Possessing remarkable good judgment, and being both brave and generous, he is very much esteemed by all who know him.  In personal appearance, he is of a medium height, rather stout, and has a full, a round, handsome face; hair silvery, and is slightly bald.  He is married, and has a family of one boy and two girls.  His wife is one of the most accomplished women in the State, and is greatly loved by all for her womanly graces.  It is safe to predict that Senator Shirley has a future before him in the politics of the State, if you should desire political preferment; and if ever he should be called upon to fill any position of trust and responsibility, the people may rest assured that they will find in him a conscientious and faithful official.  Mr. Shirley is Chairman of the Committee on State Prison, and a member of the Committee on Corporations and Swamps, and Overflowed and Public Lands.




Hon. A. P. Whitney.



[Sonoma County]


Represents the Twenty-first Senatorial District, comprising Sonoma County, and resides in Petaluma City, where he has been engaged in general merchandise and produce business for the past 17 years.  He is also a member of the wholesale house of Brigham, Whitney & Co., San Francisco.  Mr. Whitney is a native of Maine, a married man, of the age of 52 years, and came to Minnesota to California in 1859.  In the year previously he was a member of the Minnesota Legislature, representing the joint Counties of Meekey, Benton and Stearns.  This is the first session of his Senatorial term, which expires in December, 1881.  Mr. Whitney is a genuine, true-blue Republican, and his reputation as such is very extensively known.  He is reputed to be the first Republican Senator ever elected in Sonoma County, his popularity enabling him to overcome a Democratic majority of 450, with nearly 150 to spare. Mr. Whitney was a delegate to the Republican National Convention at Cincinnati, last year.  He was President of the Board of Trustees of Petaluma some years, and also of its Board of Education.  He is now Vice-President of the Sonoma and Marin Agricultural Society, a Director of the Petaluma Savings Bank, a stockholder of the First National Gold Bank, and Treasurer of the Sonoma and Marin Mutual Beneficial Association, of which latter he was one of the founders.  As a legislator Mr. Whitney's business capacity and experience particularly fits him for the position.  He is about the medium height, broad set, affable and unaffected in his manners, and gentlemanly and courteous to all.  He will make an honorable record.  He is a member of the Committees on Contingent Expenses, Mileage, Public Buildings and State Prison.




Speaker Of The House.



[Sutter, Solano & Yuba Cos.]


Hon. Campbell P. Berry, whose life history is here appended, is a painstaking legislator, and makes the very good and impartial presiding officer.  In all he does, he seems to exhibit a desire to perform his duty to his constituents and the State in general.  He is a man who grows into favor the longer a person is acquainted with him, and we judge that the members of the Assembly are pleased with their presiding officer.  Mr. Berry is tall and rugged looking, and evidently one used to the battles of life.  He admits to 44 years of age, but that does not look it.  Being what is termed a self-made man, we have gleaned from him his history, and given it as near as possible as he narrated it.  Mr. Berry was born in Jackson County, Alabama, November 7th, 1834.  In 1841, moved with his parents to Washington County, Arkansas, and settled near Cane Hill, on the border of the Indian Nation.  In 1844, moved from Washington to Carroll County, and there grew to manhood.  That was then the far west, there being but few settlers and civilization very rude.  The pioneers lived principally by the chase, and dressed entirely in buckskin clothing, or cloth manufactured by the hands of the women with cards, spinning wheel and handling.  In that out of the way place Mr. B. was married to Miss R. O. Davis in March, 1856, and in 1857 cross the plains with his wife, in an ox-wagon, and settled in Sutter County, California.  Commenced farming on a small scale.  In the Spring of 1862, being 28 years of age, Mr. Berry began to realize the necessity of more extended education, his advantages for acquiring knowledge having been limited, in consequence of his early days having been spent out of the reach of public schools.  With this laudable object in view, Mr. B. leased his farm, and with his family removed to Vacaville, Solano County, and attended the Methodist College, and that place, three years.  He completed the prescribed course at that institution, and returned to his farm in Sutter County.  In 1866 Mr. B. was elected Supervisor of his County and served in the capacity three years.  In 1869 he was elected member of the Assembly, and re-elected in 1871.  After the adjournment of that session, Mr. B. again leased his farm and moved to the County Seat, Yuba City, where he engaged in mercantile pursuits, but this not suiting him, returning to farming again.  In 1872 Mr. B. was nominated for joint Senator for Yuba and Sutter Counties, but in consequence of the Independence movement, was defeated.  In 1875, was again elected to the Assembly, at which session he introduced a memorial to Congress, accompanied by a series of resolutions, relative to hydraulic mining and debris washed from them into the rivers and the Bay of San Francisco, and the deposits made upon agricultural lands adjacent to the streams, which were regarded with a great deal of interest as the opening of a question that must assume grave importance in this State.  Mr. Berry was again elected last fall by a large majority, and at the organization of the Assembly was unanimously elected Speaker.  Mr. Berry is what may be rightly termed a self-made man.  He is a consistent Democrat, has the confidence of his current constituents, and it is generally respected by all who know him.





Hon. Samuel W. Boring [Berry?].




[Santa Clara, Nevada & San Francisco County]


Is the newly elected Senator of Santa Clara County, elected to fill the vacancy caused by the death of W. C. Angney, of Gilroy.  He is a native of Tennessee, and in early life moved with his parents to Illinois.  He came to California in 1849, and is a member of the California Pioneers.  He is also a member of the Mexican Veteran Association, of Santa Clara County.  Mr. Boring is a resident of San Jose, and is a real estate and insurance agent by profession; a Jeffersonian Democrat politically; married; and was born on the 22d of February, 1824, and is therefore about 54 years of age.  He was formally a prominent citizen of Nevada County, and filled the various public positions.  He was the first United States Sheriff of that county, serving in that capacity from 1852 to 1855, in which latter year he was elected as Assemblyman to represent that county.  In the following year he was elected Sheriff, and served three years.  In 1864 he became a resident of San Francisco, where, for two years, he was engaged in various business speculations, and then moved to San Jose, where he has since continuously resided.  In 1870 he was chosen under Sheriff of Santa Clara County, and served two years.  Mr. Berry is a popular citizen of his County, a gentleman of intellect and dignified bearing, affable and courteous, and will, no doubt, prov an honor to his constituents, and a very useful member of the Senate.




Source: Pen Portraits, In Sacramento City, during the Session of the Legislature of 1877-8, Compiled by R.R. Parkinson.  San Francisco, 1878.


Submitted by: Nancy Pratt Melton.