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DIAMOND JUBILEE
1863 - 1938
ST. AUGUSTINE CHURCH
Pittsburgh, PA


St. Augustine's Church is now (2011) known as Our Lady of the Angels. It is located on 37th Street, Lawrenceville, PA



(Contributed March, 2011 by Nancy J. Smith, nangelbuddy@com-nospam-cast.net)


(Continued)



  1863-1938                                                                 ST. AUGUSTINE'S  PARISH HISTORY                                                                      Page 105
      


HISTORY OF SAINT AUGUSTINE'S PARISH

St. Augustine's Parochial School
Its Administration and Personnel

By SISTER CLARISSA POPP, O.S.F.



  In the foregoing pages of the history of St. Augustine's parish the phases of the external development of the school were sketched in various chapters. However, the development of the internal phases as to administration and personnel was barely touched upon. The present school developed from a small school taught by one teacher. Even in this primitive school four grades were formed from the very beginning, as is evidenced by the course of studies outlined by teacher John Kraus in 1862 for his eighty pupils. Naturally this plan was a copy of the course of studies of a country school in the Fatherland with some adaptations to American conditions; to find room for English spelling and reading, the study of natural science had to be curtailed. The school was a German school and all the branches were taught in German. The course of studies outlined by teacher Kraus in November, 1862, is a historical document of no mean value and for this reason it deserves to be reproduced here in its entirety. See annexed tables I and II(1). Yet despite the rudimentary education some of the pupils of Teacher John Kraus and his successors attained eminent stations in later life. William Hoeveler, William Alex. Heyl and Theodore Heyl became prominent business men and the girls Catherine Heyl, Rose Frauenheim and Mary Kloman moved in later life in the best society of the city of Pittsburgh. The enrolment of the school of St. Augustine's, Lawrenceville, increased rapidly. By the year 1864 the number of eighty had been raised to about 207 pupils. This increase in the number of pupils required an increase in the teaching staff. In the first days of January, 1864, Mr. Joseph Nigel was engaged as a second teacher and in July, 1864, a third teacher was hired in the person of Mr. Koenigshoefer. When he left about three weeks later, Miss Elizabeth Fillinger filled his place in August, 1864. In October, 1864, teacher John Kraus left after completing three years of faithful and efficient service and was succeeded by teacher Mr. Karl Spiro on October 1, 1864. In 1865 the enrolment had somewhat dropped to about 183 with the teaching faculty of the Messrs. Karl Spiro, Jos. Zimmermann, and Miss Eliz. Fillinger. Mr. Spiro left towards the end of February, 1865, and Mr. Henry Fillinger substituted for a few days till Mr. Leopold Nigel, brother of the former teacher, Joseph Nigel, began his work of teacher in May, 1865. At the end of April, 1865, teacher Zimmermann left and Mr. Leopold Nigel and Miss Fillinger were left alone in charge of the school for the remainder of the year 1865 and the year 1866. The enrolment in 1866 had reached the 250 mark, surely a heavy task for two teachers. Up to April, 1867, Mr. Leopold Nigel and Miss Fillinger continued to manage St. Augustine's School until they received an assistant in the person of Mr. Jos. Boegle, about the middle of April, 1867. In the beginning of June, 1867, teacher Leopold Nigel left and at the end of September, 1867, teacher Jos. Boegle left also, so that Miss Fillinger was the sole teacher for about two weeks, when by the middle of October, 1867, Mr. Stephen Schmidt was hired as second teacher. The attendance of the school in 1867 was again about 250, and rose in 1868 to exactly 265, too much for two teachers. In 1869 Miss Fillinger retired and in 1870 we find at St. Augustine's School the teachers Miss Blanche Weisshaar, Mr. Heilig and Mr. Stephen Schmidt. In 1871 Mr. Stephen Schmidt retired and was succeeded by Mr.


-----
(1) Record of St. Augustine's School. MS, pp. 1-2.  See St. Augustinus, February, 1922, pp. 6, 10-13, March, 1922, p. 3. 


  Page 106                                                                   ST. AUGUSTINE'S  PARISH HISTORY                                                                    1863-1938



TABLE I

COURSE OF STUDIES OUTLINED BY TEACHER JOHN KRAUSE FOR ST. AUGUSTINE'S SCHOOL IN NOVEMBER 1862
COURSE OF STUDIES FOR THE I AND II CLASS


----------------------------       
MONDAY
----------------------------
8:30-9

Class I - II Religion
by the Teacher
----------------------------
9 - 10

I. Class Object lesson and
articulation of correct
pronunciation

II. Class Orthography
Exercises
----------------------------
10 - 11

I. Class. Reading of the
written exercises for 15
minutes

II. Class. Quiet Occupation
----------------------------
1 - 2

I. Class. Reading

II. Class. Preparation for
the next class exercise


----------------------------
2 - 3

I. Class. Writing of the
Lesson of the slate board

II. Class/ Reading

----------------------------
3 - 4

I. Class. Exercises in
writing numbers.
II. Class. Written exercises
in arithmetic
----------------------------
TUESDAY
----------------------------
8:30 - 9

Class I - II. Religion
by the Teacher
----------------------------
9 - 10

I and II Class. Quiet
occupation in writing
exercises.


----------------------------
10 - 11

I. Class. Continues in
writing exercises

II. Class. Enumeration of
objects.
----------------------------
1 - 2

I and II. Class. Reading
and writing on the slate
board in rotation.


----------------------------
2 - 3

I - II. Class. Exercises in
preparation to the next
following subject.

----------------------------
3 - 4

II. Class. Addition of
numbers. Naming of numbers
by looking at them.
No I Class. 
----------------------------
WEDNESDAY
----------------------------
8:30 - 9

Class I - II Religion
by the Teacher
----------------------------
9 - 10

Class I - II. Religion by
the Priest.



----------------------------
10 - 11

Class I - II. Reciting and
object lessons.


----------------------------
1 - 2

Class I. Reading from the
Black Board.
Class II. Writing


----------------------------
2 - 3

Class I. Quiet occupation

Class II. Arithmetical
Exercises without Teacher's
supervision.
----------------------------
3 - 4
Class I - II. Quiet occupation
with the last exercises.
II Class. Counting numbers
----------------------------
THURSDAY
----------------------------
8:30 - 9

Class I - II. Religion by
the Teacher.
----------------------------
9 - 10

Class I - II. Quiet
Occupation




----------------------------
10 - 11

Class I. Exercises in forming
two-syllable Words.
Class II. Preparation for
Reading Lessons.
----------------------------
1 - 2

Class I - II. Reading of the
Lesson and writing by turns.



----------------------------
2 - 3

Class I. Exercises in
counting.
Class II. Exercises in
writing numbers.
----------------------------
3 - 4

Class I - II. Quiet concen-
tration with the last
Exercises.
----------------------------
FRIDAY
----------------------------
8:30 - 9

Class I - II. Religion by
the Teacher.
----------------------------
9 - 10

Class I - II. Religion by
the Priest.



----------------------------
10 - 11

Class I. Exercises in
Writing.
Class II. Exercises in
Orthography.
----------------------------
1 - 2

Class I. Reading and after
finishing reading, writing
of the Read Lesson.
Class II. Reading and Writing
of the Read Lesson.
----------------------------
2 - 3

No Class I.
Class II. Ocular demonstra-
tion and naming of objects
shown.
----------------------------
3 - 4

Class I - II. Counting and
written Exercises about it.






1863-1938                                                                 ST. AUGUSTINE'S  PARISH HISTORY                                                                         Page 107       


TABLE II
COURSE OF STUDIES OUTLINED BY TEACHER JOHN KRAUSE FOR ST. AUGUSTINE'S SCHOOL IN NOVEMBER 1862
COURSE OF STUDIES FOR THE I AND II CLASS


----------------------------
MONDAY
----------------------------
8:30 - 9

Class III - IV. Quiet
occupation with Study
of Catechism.
----------------------------
9 - 10

Class III - IV. Religion
by the Priest.
----------------------------
10 - 11

Class III - IV. Reading
of Bible History.


----------------------------
1 - 2

Class III - IV. Calligraphy
of both classes together.

----------------------------
2 - 3

Class III. Written Exercises
in Arithmetic.
Class IV. Arithmetic.

----------------------------
3 - 4

Class III. Exercises in
Division of numbers.
(Singing)
----------------------------
TUESDAY
----------------------------
8:30 - 9

Class III - IV. Religion
by the Teacher

----------------------------
9 - 10

Class III - IV. Quiet
occupation with study of
Catechism.
----------------------------
10 - 11

Class III. Short Com-
positions.
Class IV. Writing of
Letters.
----------------------------
1 - 2

Class III - IV. Grammar.


----------------------------
2 - 3

Class III. English writing
by copying lessons from
the Reader.


----------------------------
3 - 4

Class III. Reading (English)

Class IV. Free Rendition of
the Lesson Read. (Engllish)

----------------------------
WEDNESDAY
----------------------------
8:30 - 9

Class III - IV. Preparation
for the next following
subject.
----------------------------
9 - 10

Class III - IV. Common
Instruction in Religion
by the Priest.
----------------------------
10 - 11

Class III - IV. Composition

Class IV. Formation of
Sentences with Parsing.
----------------------------
1 - 2

Class III - IV. Common
Exercises in Calligraphy
(English)

----------------------------
2 - 3

Class III - IV. Reading
English and Writing of the
Read Lessons by turns.


----------------------------
3 - 4

Class III - IV.  Common
Exercises in Arithmetic
and Singing. 
----------------------------
THURSDAY
----------------------------
8:30 - 9

Class III - IV. Religion
by the Teacher

----------------------------
9 - 10

Class III - IV. Common
Exercises in Catechism.
----------------------------
10 - 11

Class III - IV. Exercises in
Calligraphy.


----------------------------
1 - 2

Class III - IV. Common
Exercises in Geography
(and written Exercises
about it.)
----------------------------
2 - 3

Class III. Exercises in
Writing down Lessons read.
Class IV. Reading English
and Translation (into
German.)
----------------------------
3 - 4

Class III - IV. Arithmetic
oral and written by turns.
----------------------------
FRIDAY
----------------------------
8:30 - 9

Class III - IV. Writing
Exercises.
----------------------------
9 - 10

Class III - IV. Religion
by the Priest.
----------------------------
10 - 11

Class III. Reading of the
Bible History.
Class IV. Reading in the
Reader.
----------------------------
1 - 2

Class III - IV. Common
Exercises in Calligraphy.

----------------------------
2 - 3

Class III. Spelling English.
Class IV. Spelling with
Translation (into German.)


----------------------------
3 - 4

Class III. Exercises in
writing arith. numbers on
the Black Board.
Class IV Arithmetical
Exercises on the Black
Board. 






""





1863-1938                                                                 ST. AUGUSTINE'S  PARISH HISTORY                                                                        Page 109       


Duwell. The latter remained only four months till August, 1871, and was replaced by Mr. Joseph Stuetzer. Finally on November 9, 1871, the Sisters of St. Francis took charge of St. Augustine's School. There were then three classes. The Sisters taught the two lower and the male teacher, Mr. Joseph Stuetzer, taught the third class composed of the larger boys. Mr. Stuetzer was replaced by Mr. John Trimberger some time later. This arrangement lasted till the fall term of 1874, when Mr. Trimberger was replaced by a Sister.(2)

  On August 18, 1873, it was announced in church that the three schoolrooms are overcrowded. Since no new room could be opened owing to the remissness of the parents to pay the school money, more than 40 children having not paid anything for some time, it became imperative to dismiss those defaulting pupils and to exclude children who attended the public schools or other Catholic schools or were very remiss in attending St. Augustine's School during the past year.(3) Yet those threats were not carried out. Three weeks later, on September 7, 1873, it was announced that the fourth school-room had been started but in case the school money is not paid promptly, the church will be compelled to close it again. On May 25, 1875, the church committee decided to provide for a fifth school-room.(4)


-----
(2) St. Augustinus, July, 1922, pp. 2-3, September, 1922, pp. 3-6.
(3) St. Augustinus, March. 1923, p. 33.
(4) St. Augustinus, June, 1923, p. 82.


OLDEST LIST OF NAMES OF PUPILS ATTENDING ST. AUGUSTINE'S SCHOOL
DURING THE YEARS 1862—1868

Albert. Joseph, '63-'68
Albert, Francis, '66-'68
Amrheim, Elizabeth, '65
Amrheim, Kath., '62-'66
Andrischek, Barbara, '66
Atzinger, Herman, '68
Atzinger, Wm., '68
Barth, Maria, '63-'67
Barth, Barbara, '66-61
Babinger, Maria, '66-'68        
Babinger, John, '66-"68
Bayer, Rosina, '66
Basler, Olivia, '66-'67
Basler, Joseph, '66
Basler, Herman, '67
Bauer, Anna, '67-'68
Baust, Catherine, '67
Baust, Michael, '67-'68
Beiter, Catherine, '64
Belter, Maria, '65
Bergcr, Anton, '64-'68
Berger, Joseph, '64-'67
Berger, Helen, '66
Berger, John, '67
Berger, Maria, '68
Berger, Rosa, '68
Bedel, Mark, '66-'68
Bedel, Mary, '66-'68
Beyer, Mary, '66-67
Beck, Catherine, '67-'68
Beck, Rosa, '68
Becker, Aloys., '68

Beiter, Joseph, '67
Behr, Mary, '67-'68
Behr, Anna, '68
Behr, Margaret, '68
Benitz, Cecilia, '68
Besterman, Maria, '68
Bischof, Anton, '62-'63
Bischof, Francis, '62
Bolinger, Theres., '62
Bocking, (2) '64
Boegerman, Cath., '66-'68
Boegerman, John, '67-'68
Boll, M., '68
Bollstaedter, Karl, '67-'68
Bollstaedter, Peter, '67-'68
Bodecker, Mary Eliz., '68
Brumbach, Margt., '65-'68
Buggben, Margaret, '62
Buckel, Margaret, '63
Buckel, Magdalen, '67-'68
Buhl, Pauline,  '67
Buhl, Wm., '67
Bullion, Geo., '62-67
Bullion, James, '63
Bullion, Josephina, '65-'68
Bullion, Joseph, '67-'68
Bullion, Mary, '68
Burns, A. M., (2) '64
Burkhart, Alphonse, '62-'63
Burghart, Joseph, '62-'67
Buttmeier, Theresa, '66
Camerhoes, Therron, '62

Conlon, John, '63
Connolly, John Thos., '63
Comonfort, Margt., '64
Conlon, Charles, '65
Conley, Catherine, '67
Conley, Elizabeth, '67
Drisch, Albert, '62-'63
Dethambel, Anton, '63
Dethambel, Mary, '63
Drisch, Albert, '62-'63
Dethambel, Eliz., '64
Dietz, Jacob, '66-'68
Diebold (Diepold), Ed., '68
Diebold, Albert, '68
Durler, John, '64
Durler, Wm., '64-'68
Durler, Anna, '64
Durler, Barbara, '65
Durler, Rose, '66-'68
Durler, Mary, '66-'68
Durler, Eliz., '67
Durler, Anna, '68
Ditterich, Margaret, '67-'68             
Ditterich, Rosina, '68
Ditterich, Magdal, '68
Dittman, Erasmus, '66-'68
Dittman, John, '67-'68
Drisch, John, '64
Eckel, Eliz., '63
Eckel, Mary, '63
Eckel, Jacob, '63
Elkel, Nicholas, '64-'67
Emmerich, Agnes, '66
 






Page 110                                                                  ST. AUGUSTINE'S  PARISH HISTORY                                                                   1863-1938



Emmerich, Johanna, '66-67
Engel, George, '66-69,
Engel, Anton, '66-67
Engel, Henry, '66-68
Engel, Nicholas, '67-68
Elsesser, John, '62-'63
Elsesser, Daniel, '62-61
Elsesser, Joseph, '62-'63
Elsesser, Anna, '62-'64
Elsesser, Rose, '62-6%
Elsesser, Conrad. '65-'68
Fellinger, John, '63
Feil, Mary, '65-'6S
Feil, Caroline, '66-'68
Feil, Barbara, '67
Feil, Catherine, '65
Feil, Anna, '66-'67
Feil, Philomena, '66
Faber, Mary, '67-'68
Faber, Adelaide, '68
Fackel, Caroline, '68
Fackel. George, '68
Fay, Cath., '68
Fay, Wm., '68
Fillinger, Louise, '68
Fischer, Mary Helen, '63
Fellinger, John, '63
Fischer, Helen, '64-'68
Fischer, Gco., '67
Fischer, Anna, '67
Fischer, Caroline, '67-68
Flaig, Joseph, '63
Flaig, Josephine, '63
Flaitz, Philomena, '6S-'68
Flaitz, Barbara, "6S-'67
Flaitz, Joseph, '66-67
Flaitz, Karl, '68
Flaitz, Josepha, '66-'68
Fleckenstein, '67
Fleckenstein, Joseph, '64
Fleckenstein, Jacob, '64
Frauenholz, John, '62-'68
Frauenholz, Mary, '67-68
Frauenheim,  Flor., '67-'68
Frauenheim, Rose, '67-'68
Frauenheim, Josephine, '68
Freund, Wm., '63
Freund, Anton, '63
Freund, Stanislas, '63
Fritsch, Mary, '68
Fritsch, August, '66-67
Fuehrer, Frank, '62-'63
Fuehrer, Mary, '62-63
Fuchs, Margaret, '63
Fuchs, Nicholas, '64
Fuhr, Jacob, '64-'67
Fuehrer, Philomena, '66
Fuehrer, Wm., '66-'68
Fuerle, Wm., '66-'67
Fuehrer, Joseph, '68
Garrohs, Cath.,  '66
Gassler, Elizabeth, '66-67
Gerhart, Caroline, '62
Gerste, Anna, '63
Gilbert, Karl, '62-'61
Gilbert, Anna, '67-'68

Gilbert, Margaret, '66-67
Geiselhart, Justina, '62
Gilmore, Fred, '64
Gipperich, John, '65-'67
Gipperich, Henry, '66-67
Glaab, Rosina, '62
Glaab, Margaret, '67-'68
Glaab, Barb., '68
Glaab, Kunibert, '68
Glur, Mary, '63-'68
Glur, Cath., '65
Grant, Bettie, '63
Grant, Mary, '66-'67
Gruen, Frances, '64
Green, Jacob, '68
Glur, Mich., '66
Glur, Geo., '66
Glur, Francis, '67-'68
Godron, Kunigunida, '65-'67
Godron, Nicholas, '66-'68
Green, Barb., '68
Green, Rosina, :68
Gruber, Eliz., '67-'68
Gruber, Magdal., '67
Gruber, Helen, '67
Gudenbur, Geo., '62-67
Gudenbur, Peter, '62-68
Gudenbur, Eliz., '67-'68
Gudenbur, Cath., '67
Haas, John B., '62
Haas, Karl, '64-'67
Haas, Louis, '64-'68
Haas, Mich.' Anth., '65-'67
Haas, Jacob, '66-'68
Haas, Carolina, '66-'68
Haas, Cath., '66-'68
Haas, Mich., '66-'67
Haas, Boniface, '66-'68
Haas, Anton, '68
Haas, Frances, '68
Happe, Lawrence, '62
Happe, Peter, '62-'68
Happe, Anton, '63
Happe, John, '63
Happe, Andrew, '67
Hagerty, Bertha, '66
Hagerty, Ann, '63
Hart, Joseph, '63-'67
Hagerty, Brigid, '66
Hart, John, '64
Hart, Carl, '64
Hartwig, Theres., '64
Hartman, Nich., '66-'68
Hartman, Wm., '67-'68
Hartman, Henry, '67
Hampel, Karl, '67
Hampel, Geo. Jos., '67
Hart, Louise, '67
Heuring, Wm., '62
Helbling, Jos., '62-'63
Helbling, Theresa, '62
Helbling, Mich., '62-'61
Helbling, Cath., '62
Helbling, Josephine, '62
Hein, John, '62
Hein, Mary, '62

Heibel, Barb., '62
Heim, Caroline, '62
Heim, Alfred, '62
Hegner, Philomena, '63
Heuring,  Henry, '63
Heil, Cath., '63
Heil, Wm., '63
Heil, Victor Theod., '63-'67          
Helbling, Wm., '64-'68
Heil, Anton, '64-67
Heim, Stephania, '64-'65
Heim, Herman, '65
Heim, Helen, '65
Heyl, Andreas, '65
Heil, Maria, '66
Helbling, John, '66
Helbling, Bernard, '66-'68
Hepert, Geo., '65-'66
Helbling, Philom., '68
Herscht, Philom., '68
Herscht, Helen, '68
Heyd, Wm., '68
Hegner, Jos., '66-'68
Heitz, Anna, '66-'68
Heitz, Mary, '66-'67
Heitz, Wm'., '68
Heitz, Magdalen, '68
Hoakens, Chas., '64
Hoeveler, Aristide, '66-67
Hoeveler, Wm., '62
Hoeveler, Stella. '64
Howley, Nellie, '64-'66
Howley, Mary, '64-'66
Hofmann, Ann, '68
Hofmann, Nicholas, '67
Hofmann, Eliz., '67-'68
Hofmann, John, '67-68
Hohman, Anton, '66-67
Hohman, Wendel, '67-'68
Hohman, Aug., '67
Huck, Amelia, '67
Hug, John, '68
Hug, Wm., '62-'67
Hunter, Aristide, '66
Hutman, John, '66-67
Hutman, Mich., '66-67
Jaeger, Barbara, '62
Jaeger, Catherine, '62
Jaeger, Jos., '65
Jaeger, Geo., '65
Jaeger, Conrad, '65
Jakwirth, Geo., '66-67
Jester, John, '65
Jester, Stephen, '65-'68
Jester, Valentine, '66-67
Jester, Jacob. '66-'68
Jester, Martin, '68
Jueden, Joseph, '62
Jueden, Mary, '62
Jueden, Herman, '62
Jueden, Margt., '63-'65
Kalchthaler, Philo., '62
Kalchthaler, Wm., '62-'68
Kalchthaler, Louise, '63
Kalchthaler, Francis, '63
Kalchthaler, Benj., '63-'68





1863-1938                                                                 ST. AUGUSTINE'S  PARISH HISTORY                                                                        Page 111       

Kalchthaler, Jos., '63-'68
Kalchthaler, Cath., '63-66
Kalchthaler, Karl. '63
Kalchthaler, Alb., '64-'68
Kalchthaler, Anna, '6S-'68
Kalchthaler, Fran., '66-'68
Kalchthaler, Louis, '66-'68
Kaibers, Peter, '68
Kastner, Mary, '68
Kastner, Anna, '68
Kehl, John, '64
Keller, Wm., '62
Kirk, James, '62
Klein, Nicholas, '62
Klein, Magdalen, '62
Klein, Philom., '62-'67
Klein, Marg., '62-'68
Klein, Mary, '62-68
Klein, Geo., '63-'68
Klein, Emma, '66
Klein, Cath., '68
Klein, Jacob, '68
Kloman, Anna M., '64
Kloman, John, '64
Kloman, Mary,  '66-'68
Kloman, Karl, '66-61
Kloman, Bertha, '66-67
Knapp, Henry, '66-'68
Koch, Joseph, '67-'68
Koebert, Adam, '62
Koebert, Mary, '62
Koebert, Eliz.,(2)  '63-'67
Koebert, Jacob, '64-'68
Koebert, John, '66-'68
Koebert, Anna, '66-'68
Koebert, Eliz., '66-'68
Koleman, Margaret, '63
Kraus, Edward, '62
Kraus, Herman, '62
Kraus, Mary, '62
Kraus, Jacob, '63
Kraus, Henry, '63
Krut, Christina, '68
Kress, Anna, '67-'68
Kress, Rosa, '67-'68
Kuehn (Kuhn), M., '62-'65
Kuehn, Anna, '62-66
Kuehn, Philom., '66-61
Kuerstin, Jos., '68
Kunz, Ludwig, '67-'68
Kunz, Louise, '66
Kurz, Geo., '67-'68
Kurz, Anna, '67-'68
Kwoczalla, Philom., '62
Kwoczalla, Frances, '63-'68
Kwoczalla, Francis, '65-'68
Lamkemeyer, H., '66-'68
Lamkemeyer, X., '66-'68
Lamkemeyer, Mary, '65-'68
Lauer, '66
Leis, Karl, '67-'68
Leis, George, '67-'68
Leis, Mary, '68
Leis, Albertina, '68
Leis, Wilhelmina, '68
Link, Marv, '66-'68

Link, Florian, '62
Lindenfelser, Wm., '62-'63
Lindenfelser, Ph., '62-'68
Lindenfelser, Christina, '62-61
Lindenfelser, S., '66-'68
Lindenfelser, Thomas, '68
Lindenfelser, Philom., '68
Loeffler, Karl, '63-68
Loeffler, Eliz., '63-'68
Loeffler, Joseph, '64
Loeffler, Bertha, '64
Loeffler, Mary, ''65-'68
Loeffler, Anna, '67-'68
Lorchen, Mich., '66
Lukas, Christian, '68
Lutz, John, '63
Lutz, Catherine, '63-'66
Lutz, Jacob, '63
Lutz, Henry, '64
Lutz, Bernard, '66-'68
Maidhof, J., '67-'68
Maloney, Timothy, '67
Markes, Philomena, '65-'68
Markes, Anna, '67-'68
Marschal, Mary, '68
Marschal, Magdalen, '68
Marschal, Peter, '68
Martin, A. Mary, '66
Maxler, Theresa, '67-'68
McConnell, Mary, '63
McBright (2), '64
Meinert, Elizabeth, '67
Metz, Cath., '68
Meyer (Mayer), Mich., '65
Meyer, Peter, '66-'68
Meyer, John, '66-'68
Meyer, Jacob, '66-'68
Meyer, M. Aug., '66-'67
Meyer, Philip, '67
Menke, Wm., '67-'68
Morton, Hanna, '64
Muehlhaeuser, A. M., '63
Muehl, Mary, '65
Muehl, Lowinia, '66-61
Muehl, Philip, '66
Mueller, Mary, '68
Mueller, John, '68
Mulby, Mag., '63
Mulvene, John,  '62
Neckermann, Adelaide, '62
Neff, Mary, '66-'68
Neuhaeuser, Rosina, '62-'66
Neuhaeuser,  Philom., '63-'68
Neuhaeuser, Mary, '64-'68
Neuhaeuser, Adam, '67-'68
Neumeyer, Theresa, '65
Niehaus, Eliza., '62-'64
Niehaus, Aug., '62-'66
Pauder, John, '67-'68
Pearson, Jacob, '64-'66
Pearson, Anna, '64-'66
Pleibel, Elizabeth, '65
Pottmeyer, Eliz., '65-'68
Rau, Amalia, '66
Rau, Anna, '64
Redel, Robert, '65-'68

Redel, Mary, '65-'68
Reed, Rosina, '68
Riot, Sophia, '66-'68
Riot, Andrew, '68
Ritscher, Joseph, '62
Rogner, Geo, '67-'68
Rogner, Bernard,  '67-'68
Rogner, Clement, '67-68
Rolf, Philomena, '67
Sauer, Nickolas, '66-61
Sauer, Mary, '66-61
Schaefer, Mary, '63
Schaefer, George, '66-'68
Schmidt, Matilda, '62
Schmidt, Oscar, '62-67
Schmidt, Amalia, '63-'66
Schmidt, Sara, '62
Schmidt, Catherine, '66-61
Schmidt, Christian, '62
Schmidt, Bertha, '64-'67
Schmidt, Louise, '64
Schmidt, Herman, '65-'66
Schmidt, August, '65
Schmidt, Ida, '66-'68
Schmidt, Agnes M., '66-'67
Schmidt, Clara, '66-'68
Schmitt, Paulina, '66-61
Schmitt, Philom., '67-'68
Schmitt, Elizabeth, '67
Schmitt, Mary, '67-'68
Scheidt, Jacob, '68
Scheidt, Kaspar, '68
Schillo, Elizabeth, '66-61   
Schillo, Margaret, '65-'66
Scherer, Cath., '68
Schleicher, Elizabeth. '68
Schleicher, Margaret, '68
Schleicher. Barbara. '68
Schano, Margaret, '68
Schiffauer, Rosina, '65-'68
Schiffauer, August, '68
Schneider, Fridolin. '67-'68
Schneider, Rosalia. '66-'68
Schneider. Mich.. '63
Schneider, Mary, '64
Schnabel, Gustave, '62
Schnabel, Mary, '65-'66
Scholl, Philip, '66-'68
Schoepf, John, '63-'67
Schrankel, Anna, '62
Schrankel, John, '63-'68
Schrankel, Mary, '65-'68
Schuler, F., '66
Schultes, Anna, '66-61
Schuermann, Francis, '68
Schuermann, Bernard,  '68
Schuermann, Henry, '65-'6S
Sommer, Cath., '63
Sperli, Crescentia, '63
Sperli, Philippina, '63-'66
Stoebe, Sabina, '62
Stein, Joseph, '67
Stein, Anna, '65-"66
Stein, Cath., '65-'66
Seibert, Peter, '66-61
Stolz, Alb., '66-'68






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1863-1938                                                                 ST. AUGUSTINE'S  PARISH HISTORY                                                                        Page 113       

Stapf, Jos., '66
Stapf, '66
Stuetzer, Kath., '68
Stuetzer, Alois, '68
Streiter, Cath., '68
Streiter, Emma, '62
Streiter, Mary, '62
Streiter, Anna, '62-'66
Streiter, Philom., '63-'63
Streiter, Matilda, '65-'6S
Strehly, Mary, '65-'66
Stuermer, Wm., '63
Strothof, Diederich, '62-'63
Strothof, Henry, '62-'63
Sulvin, Mary, '65
Swords, John, '64
Sullivan, Brigid, '65-'66
Thalheimer, Karl, '63-'67
Thalheimer, John, '63
Thalheimer, Anton, '6S-'68
Thoma, Elizabeth, '66-'68
Thoma, Ferdinand, '66-'68
Tieman, Eliz., '66-'68
Tieman, Philip, '67-'68
Tieman, Henry, '68
Toerky, John, '65-'66
Tranor, Sara, '66-67
Tranry, Sara, '65
Tranry, Emma, '65
Trunzer, Mary, '62-'66
Trunzer, John, '63-'68
Trunzer, Joseph, '67-'68
Tragner, Sara, '68
Tuchscherer,  Henry,  '64-'65
Unverzagt, Wm., '62
Urban, Louis, '64-'66
Urban, Frank, '64-'67
Urban, Mary, '64-'67
Vetter, John, '66
Voelker, Oscar, '62
Voelker, John, '62-'66
Voelker, Fritz, '63-'66
Voelker, Ferdinand, '67-'68
Voelker, Frances, '67-'68
Voelker, August. '67-'68
Vogel, John, '62-'66
Vogel, Daniel, '62
Vogel, Joseph, '62-'66
Vogel, Louis, '62-67
Vogel, Carolina, '64
Vogel, Barbara, '64-'67
Vogel, Philomena, '65-'66
Vogel, Michael, '67-'68
Vogel, Barbara, '67-'68
Vogeler, Henry, '67-'68
Vogeler, Theres., '67-'68
Vogt, Eliz., '62
Vogt, Barb., '64
Vogt, Philip, '65-'68
Vogt, George, '67-'68
Wachter, Barb., '65
Wachter, John, '68
Wagner, Philom., '66-'68
Wagner, Edward, '66-'68
Wagner, Emma, '62-'68
Wald, Wm., '62
Wald, Barb, '64-'67
Wald, Philom, '65
Wald, Elizab., '66-'68
Walter, Rose, '66-'68
Walter, John, '67-'68
Wehner, Mary, '66-67
Weber, Anna, '68
Weber, Louise, '66-'68
Werner, Frances, '68
Werner, Josephine, '68
Werth, Philomena, '66
Weisser, August, '62
Weisser, Anton, '62
Weisser, Philomena, '63
Weiler, Magdalena, '64-'66
Weiler, Helena, '65-'68
Weisenberger, Peter, '66-'68
Weisenberger, Jos, '64-'68
Weisenberger, John, '68
Weisenberger, Anna, '68
Wilpert, Anton, '68
Winter, Adam, '64-'67
Winter, Catherine, '64-'68
Winter, Mary, '64-'68
Winkelman, '64
Winkelman, '64
Wirth, Theresia, '62-'64
Wirth, Mary, '62-'66
Wirth, Catherine, '62-'65
Wirth, Joseph Law, '62
Wirth, Margaret,  63-67
Wirth, Alexander, '63
Wirth, John, '63
Wirth, Jacob, '63-'67
Wirth, Lawrence,  '64
Wirth, George, '66-67
Wirth, Gottlieb, '68
Wirth, Emma, '66-67
Wirth, Philomena, '66-67
Wirth, Elizabeth, '68
Wolf, Henry, '68
Wolf, John, '68
Wurzel, Anton, '62
Wurzel, Joseph, '62-'68
Wurzel, George, '63-'68
Wurzel, Jacob, '65
Wurzel, Mary, '66-'68
Ziegler, Amalia, '63-'65
Zimmer, John, '67-'68
Zimmer, Peter, '67-'68
Zimmer, Herman, '67-'68
Zimmerman, Amalia, '65-'66
Zmimerman, Maria, '65-'68
Zimmerman, Jos., '65-'67
Zimmerman, Francis,  '66-67
Zimmerman, Philom, '66
Zimmerman, Xavier,  '68-'70
Zimmerman, Wm., '68-'70
Zimmerman, Louise, '68-'70



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(3) The foregoing list of names was compiled by Father Cyprian Gehrling from the Oldest School Record and it was published in the St Augustinus, July, 1922, pp. 4-7. The same Father compiled a list of names of the pupils of St. Augustine's School of the years 1870-1874 and published it in the St. Augustinus, September, 1922, pp. 4-6. This list, comprising 316 names, is, however, incomplete, apparently only recording the names of pupils who paid the school-money, 50 cents a month. 


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  The foregoing list comprises 617 names, among them 44 which are unmistakably English, 4 French (Bullion) and 3 Polish (Kwocalla). The latter family is still represented in the parish. The French, or rather Alsatian family, has disappeared from the church records. The Christian names are given in German in the original but the English names have the Christian names in the English form which helps to identify corrupted names like Toerky (i.e. Turkey), Hutman (i.e. Hotman), Pauder (i.e. Powder), Sulvin (i.e. Sullivan). A few other names might be English but they cannot be identified with certainty. The mother of the Hoeveler children was Irish and this might be the case with some other chidren of purely German names. Mr. John Kraus' study plan of a four-grades school was surely with slight alterations the standard up to the establishment of a fifth school room. Certainly when two or three teachers were actively engaged in St. Augustine's school some of the periods marked "Quiet occupation" were filled out by the teacher with instruction, yet hardly any new branches were incorporated into the schedule. The first Franciscan Sisters who taught at St. Augustine's were the Sisters Mary Angela Endres, a native of Koblenz, Germany, and Mary Bernard Kim, a native of Pittsburgh. They took charge of the two lower grades, while the teachers, Stuetzer and later Trimberger, taught the boys of the upper grade. This arrangement lasted from November 9, 1871, till the fall term of 1874, when a third Sister was employed to take over the upper grade. Unfortunately the name of this third Sister cannot be learned. Sister Mary Angela (Miss Helen Endres) was born January 18, 1849, at Koblenz, Germany. When yet a child, the family emigrated to this country settling at Buffalo, N. Y. At the age of seventeen, she entered the Community of Franciscan Sisters at Buffalo, N. Y., on August 15, 1866. As a Postulant she came to Pittsburgh, Pa., in December, 1866, to assist at St. Francis Hospital. The following year she returned to Buffalo, N. Y.. where she received the habit on October 4, 1867. After completion of the two-year novitiate she pronounced her vows on August 12, 1869. Early in 1871 she returned to Pittsburgh. She died October 31, 1927. Sister Mary Bernard (Miss Anna Kim) was born at Pittsburgh, Pa., on February 7, 1847. On February 2, 1866, she entered the Community, and was sent to Buffalo, N. Y., where she received the habit November 29, 1866. At the expiration of her novitiate, she was admitted to Profession on January 2, 1869, and returned to Pittsburgh, Pa., in 1871. She died on May 17, 1889. The first teachers at St. Augustine's School of the Franciscan Community lived at St. Francis Hospital and came down every day to teach in the school for five years. When in the fall term of 1875 a fifth school-room had been opened five Sisters had to walk down from the hospital every day to teach in the school. On April 15th, 1876, a house was bought to serve as a home for the teaching Sisters. It was a small dwelling standing on the present site of the Sisters' Convent on Thirty-seventh Street. On May 14, 1876, it was announced in church that "a house had been bought for the Sisters near the school-building. To obtain the necessary funds for furnishing it, a dramatic play will be staged in Klopfer's Hall." On May 31, 1876, the Sisters moved into this house which later was torn down to make room for the present Convent. Sister Mary Agnes Rose (now Mother Mary Agnes in her 88th year living at the Motherhouse) was appointed first Sister Superior. She did not teach in school but was employed in teaching music to pupils in the Convent. On August 13, 1876, it was announced in church that the Sisters would give private lessons in music.(4)

  The five Sisters who taught in school in the fall term of 1876 were the following: Sister Mary Francis Hechler (Hehsler), who died June 8, 1916. Sister Mary Ignatia Egler who died January 26, 1930. Sister Mary Regina Murphy who died April 14, 1915. Sister Mary Petronella Haas who died September 26, 1916, and Sister Mary Veronica Rheinhardt who is still living (85 years old).


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(4) St. Augustinus, August, 1923, pp. 50, 117, 122-123, 130. Mr. Titus Berger bought, April 15, 1876. the property, three lots, and on May 20, 1876. deeded it over to the Bishop. See Deeds of May 20, 1876, printed in St. Augustinus, March, 1924, pp. 49-50.



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On July 30, 1876, it was announced in church: "Every one knows that a new school building is needed in a few more years and for this purpose lots have been bought which must be paid for. By means of a Fair this could be done." The lots were bought for $6,500 and the Fair netted $4,365.19.(5)

  The enrolment of the school continued to increase steadily. In 1875 the attendance was 350 and in 1876 it was 360. On June 23, 1878, it was announced that a sixth grade has to be added to the school and a new room accordingly has to be furnished. Attendance, 370 pupils. The next year, however, additional space was provided on the upper floor of the Parish Hall. On August 10, 1879, it was announced in church that the lots bought three years before would be utilized by building a hall to hold the proposed Fair and to gain several much needed school-rooms. The school was becoming too small for the number of children (410) and the building of the hall would eliminate the necessity of building a new school. On November 5, 1879, the new hall and the new school-rooms were ready for service. The school was now kept in two different buildings on opposite sides of Thirty-seventh Street. In July, 1882, a new room was fitted up for school purposes (attendance, 462 pupils) and in July, 1883, two new schoolrooms were furnished with new desks. Attendance then was 542 pupils. On September 28, 1885, the ninth classroom was started in St. Augustine's School. Attendance was then 580 pupils. Two months later, November 29, 1885, it was announced in church that the great and ever increasing number of school children will make the erection of a new school building a necessity in the near future. In their meetings of March 14 and April 18, 1886, the Church Committee rejected the proposition of the pastor, Fr. Felix Maria, as to building a new school. Yet the donation of $10,000 by the late Mr. Michael McCollough opened the way to the realization of the plan of Fr. Felix Maria. On February 26, 1887, the pastor announced that he would take up a house collection for the purpose of erecting a new school building, since the late Michael McCollough had made a donation of $10,000 to that effect.(6)

  On March 3, 1889, the new school building was dedicated with great ceremonies. It was the best equipped school building of any parish of the city and could well rival with the stately public schools. On March 21, 1889, the children began to move into the new school, 607 in all. St. Augustine's ranked at the fourth place among the schools of the city of Pittsburgh at that time according to enrolment of pupils; St. Paul's Cathedral with 998, St. Michael's, South Side, with 950 and St. Mary's, Forty-sixth Street with 700 preceding her. On September 8, 1889, it was announced in church that "to accommodate those children who made their first Holy Communion (who were twelve years and above) a new class-room, the tenth, has been established, and all excuses advanced formerly to send the children to the public schools have now no foundation any more. There is hardly another school which can measure up to ours in external equipment, and our teaching staff is just as efficient, if not more, than that of other schools." On November 27, 1889, it was announced in church that the total cost of the new school with all furnishings amounted to $43,781.15. The upper story of the old hall (present Casino building) which had served as three or four class-rooms since November, 1879, was turned over to the Sisters as living quarters and the lower story continued to be used for stage purposes and meeting rooms for the societies till the present Casino was fitted up. The old school building on the opposite side of the street was torn down. In 1890 the enrolment of St. Augustine's School reached the 615 mark. The parish numbered 4,000 souls; it was steadily increasing from 2,500 souls in 1877.(7)

  St. Augustine's School enjoyed a great reputation in those days even among the Irish population. In a letter, dated September 1, 1938, Sr. Mary Hieronyma of the Or-



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(5) St. Augustinus, August, 1923, pp. 129, 131.
(6) St. Augustinus, 1923. pp. 82, 122, 129, 130, 131, 193, 197; 1924, pp. 36-38, 130, 167, 262, 270; 1925, pp. 13, 25, 34-65; 1926 pp. 120-121.
(7) St. Augustinus, 1925, pp. 75, 107, 115, 130-137, 150-152, 153, 165, 167, 172, 174, 175, 194; 926.  pp.  120-121.  Hoffman's  Catholic  Directory. Milwaukee,  1888,  p.  235,  and  Milwaukee, 1889, p. 357. 


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1863-1938                                                                 ST. AUGUSTINE'S  PARISH HISTORY                                                                        Page 117


 
der of Mercy Sisters of Pittsburgh, writes that she, Catherine Stella McCaffrey, was sent to the German St. Augustine's School like her brothers and sister, although both her parents were Irish; because in those days St. Augustine's School was the school in Lawrenceville. In September, 1886, she first went to that school. "I recall," she writes, "that a saintly Sister of St. Francis, a Sister Benedict, was my first teacher in, I believe, number 0 (naught), as the baby room was called in the little old frame school which stood where the present monastery garden now is located." On July 3, 1892, she received her first Holy Communion in the old St. Augustine's Church together with 38 boys and 71 girls. The best known of those boys in later life was Joseph G. Steedle, who began to practice medicine at McKees Rocks in 1904, served as burgess of McKees Rocks from 1909-1914, and as Representative in the House at Harrisburg, Pa., from 1912-1934, representing the Twelfth District. The best known of the girls in later life became Camilla Mary Frauenheim, who on November 24, 1903, married Mr. Eugene S. Reilly.(8) On September 4, 1892, an academy for girls was opened in St. Augustine's School and the number of pupils was raised to 625. The academy was planned to comprise a three years' course of studies. The school comprised twelve class rooms, each of which would seat conveniently sixty and more pupils. Actually, however, eleven rooms were occupied and eleven Sisters were teaching. The number of souls was given as 3,800. The pupils were divided into 300 boys and 325 girls. On September 3, 1894, a higher grade for the boys was started to raise the St. Augustine's School to the standard of the pubic schools and thereby to enable the boys to pass the High School examination or to equip them for training in other useful occupations, in case they do not wish to continue their studies. Only boys who had completed the fifth grade were to be admitted. On the same day the third year of the girls' academy was inaugurated and fancy work was included into the curriculum of studies. Thus since 1894 two class-rooms of the academy and ten class-rooms of the grades-school had been established in the twelve spacious rooms on the three floors. On July 2, 1895, the students of the Third Academic Class graduated. The boys' high school opened in September 1894 closed with an attendance of 27 and the attendance of the entire "parochial school during the scholastic terms of 1894-1895 fluctuated between 630 and 640. On September 5, 1899 a class of Kindergarten was opened for the first time. Children from 3 to 6 years were received and ten cents a week was charged for tuition. These babies could easily be kept in the rooms in the Hall. On September 5, 1899, the Kindergarten class was opened with 60 children and two days later as many as 90 children were received. On June 20, 1900, the Kindergarten class had their first commencement. It was reopened on September 3, 1900 but closed in June 1901 forever. The Three years' Boys and Girls Academy of High School was kept up regularly and had on the average an enrolment of from 55 to 66. In September, 1909, the name of Academy was dropped and the high school course was called "Commercial". When the Central High School was opened, the boys were sent to that institution (1931) and the Commercial School of St. Augustine's is exclusively composed of girls. The Academy or Commercial School was often overcrowded. In September, 1906, some pupils had to be refused admission and the following year an assistant teacher was installed. Then in 1911 the rule was made that only boys and girls who passed the eighth grade with 80 and above, would be admitted to the academy. Some years there were only two classes of the academy.(9)

  The attendance of St. Augustine's School kept  above  the  600  mark  since   1889.   In 1896 the school closed with 594 pupils, in
1897 it commenced with 667 pupils, in 1898




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(8) The names of the class of First Communicants of  1892 are printed in the St. Augustinus, September, 1926, pp. 196-197.
(9) St. Augustinus, November. 1899, p. 3; June, 1900, p. 4; July, 1900, p. 4; September, 1903, p. 1; July, 1905,  pp. 8-9;  September, 1905, p. 10;   July, 1906  p. 9;  November, 1906,  p. 10; September, 1907,  p. 8;  October, 1907,  p. 9;  September, 1909,  pp. 8-9;  May,  1911,  p. 8; June, 1923. p. 89; August, 1926, pp. 157-158, 223, 246; 1927, pp. 97, 140, 183, 206, 228, 229; 1928, pp. 35, 113, 214; 1929, pp. 16, 240; 1930, pp. 13, 116.




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the attendance was 640, in 1899 it was 736, in 1901, it was 634, in 1903 it was 710, in 1904 it was 664, in 1907 it was 630, in 1909 it was 650, in 1910 again 650. In September 1910 the grades were marked so that the number of the rooms is also the number of the grades. During the 84 years of its existence 1854-1938 at least 5,000 children have received their complete course of instruction in St. Augustine's School.(10)

  A limited number of children from other parishes were always received at St. Augustine's School. Many a time applications from outsiders had to be refused. In August, 1923, Fr. Philip Knupfer wrote: "We want every child of St. Augustine's Parish in St. Augustine's School. Outsiders will be admitted only, if we can conveniently accommodate them. The fact that so many children from other parishes apply here, speaks volumes for our school."(11)

  Prior to the year 1900 the boys were separated from the girls in St. Augustine's School. But in September 1900 coeducation was introduced. "Since the boys' rooms were overcrowded", the pastor wrote, "while the girls' rooms were not sufficiently filled, it was decided to put the same grades of boys and girls together into one room respectively. This has been the practice in a number of Catholic schools these past years".(12)

  In the primary grades, however, coeducation had been the practice from the very beginning. Previous to the year 1893, the Parochial School was treated as a strictly parochial institution; each school was independent in its grading, method of teaching, and adoption of text-books. The management of the school was an exclusive affair of the pastor and his teachers. The so-called standardization of schools with its baneful influence on personal initiative was not yet born in the brains of our educators and the way was not yet opened to the stagnant byzantinism which would eliminate not only racial and tribal characters but even personal traits from the life of the pupils. Happily those new-fangled educational systems would not live long and in the rapid succession of new methods sometimes a cramped genius could take a new lease of life. School attendance -was not compulsory in the early days and the children who attended St. Augustine's School were sent there by their parents in compliance with the wish and command of the respective pastor, and later, also of the diocesan bishop. When the pupils had received their First Holy Communion, which before the decree of August 8, 1910, was not allowed to be received unless they were twelve years and above, the vast majority of the graduates were put to work by their parents, while a limited number could continue with their studies only in the public schools. To counteract this practice, St. Augustine's opened in the fall term of 1892 an Academic Class with a three years' course, introducing also shorthand and typewriting; two years later an Academic Class was inaugurated also for the boys and in 1895 the course of special work was begun. The High School Boys were taught from 1895 to 1904 by Sister M. Ambrosia Hottowitz, the best remembered of the teachers at St. Augustine's, from 1904 to 1910 by Sister M. Gertrude Peitz. The Academy Girls were taught from 1895 to 1901 by Sister M. Liguori Lawton, from 1901 to 1904 by Sister M. Claudia Hanlon, from 1904 to 1909 by Mother M. Gonzaga Niederberger, and from 1909 to 1910 by Sister M. Benigna Lattner. In 1910 co-education was introduced into the Academy and the boys and girls were taught united in a common class  by  Sister  M.  Loyola   Steggert,  from 1910 to 1913. At the sixth Diocesan Synod, held February 1893, in accordance with the decrees of the Third Plenary Council of Baltimore, a School Board and a Board of Examiners of teachers were constituted. This School Board, from time to time discussed the necessity of instituting a Superintendent of Schools. In 1896 the Rev. N. P. -----
(10) St. Augustinus, November, 1899, p. 5; September. 1901. p. 4; September. 1903, p. 1; December, 1903, p. 4; September, 1905, p. 8; September,  1908. p. 8; October, 1909 p. 10;  September 1910, p. 8; November. 1910, p. 8; 1928, pp. 13, 73, 154.
(11) St. Augustinus, August. 1923, p. 125.
(12) St. Augustinus. May, 1930, pp. 116-117. 

1863-1938                                                                 ST. AUGUSTINE'S  PARISH HISTORY                                                                        Page 119



McNellis was appointed Diocesan School-Superintendent but he resigned after a few months. The Office remained vacant until 1904, when the Rev. Thomas Devlin was appointed to that office by Bishop Canevin. At a meeting of the School Board June 14, 1907, a standardized Course of Studies was adopted for use in the Parish Schools of the Pittsburgh Diocese. This Course was the revised Edition (1906) of the Course of Study used in the Archdiocese of Philadelphia, supplemented by a Course in Physiology and Hygiene, and the teaching of Civics in connection with History. During this year, the Muscular movement System in Penmanship was taken up by the teachers and pupils with enthusiasm. General interest was also manifested in Singing and Church Music. Father Devlin had exercised his zeal in the field of education, being Secretary of the School Board from 1893 to 1904, when he was appointed Superintendent. He resigned in 1909, and was succeeded by Reverend Hugh C. Boyle (our present Bishop.) On the resignation of Father Devlin, Reverend M. Hegerich became Secretary, a position which he held for thirty years until his death December 4, 1936. Experience had taught that a greater advantage would be obtained by placing boys and girls together, and in 1911 in all the classes of the Diocesan Parochial Schools, the boys and girls were no longer separated. Pope Pius XI condemned this system of co-education in his Encyclical of December 31, 1929. In 1913 uniformity in text-books was adopted, and a schedule allotting a specified time for each subject. The problem of Commercial work thrust itself upon St. Augustine's School, and in 1909 the Academic Class was transformed into a two-year Commercial Course. This continued until 1932, when it merged into a four-year High School Course, which was accredited by the State February 1, 1935. In 1911, when the first Community Supervisor was appointed, in the person of Sister M. Clarissa Popp, the Sisters of St. Francis adopted a special School Register, in which not only the pupil's attendance was recorded, but also his monthly progress in his studies. Also a system of Record Cards, showing the pupil's age, health, grade, and position in class. These were kept on file in case the pupil was transferred to another school. In 1931, the Register was revised, giving a more complete and detailed account of the pupil's standing. While Supervisor, (1911-1922) a "Syllabus" was adopted for the use of the Diocesan Schools. The text-books in use at the time, were not at all in accord with the Syllabus, and the teachers were encumbered and retarded in their work. In order to facilitate the work and assist them, Sister M. Clarissa Popp compiled Note-Books in language and geography for the third, fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh, and eighth grades; in arithmetic for the third and fourth grades; in United States History for the fourth and fifth grades; History of Pennsylvania for the sixth, seventh, and eighth grades; Literature (the interpretation and explanation of twenty poems) for the fifth, sixth, seventh, and eighth grades; a catechism of music for the seventh, and eighth grades. These books are no longer in the hands of the pupils; but many of the teachers still use them in preparing their class work. Medical Inspection to which the Board of Health, in the city of Pittsburgh, subjected the schools and school children, was obtained for the Parochial Schools by Father Boyle, and was gratefully welcomed by the Pastors and people. In December, 1916, Father Boyle resigned and was succeeded by Reverend Ralph L. Hayes. In the year 1917, the Diocesan School authorities made one change in the curriculum of the schools. The Religion Book and the Catholic Readers were to be introduced the following year. The "Ward Method of Music" was introduced in 1918. The repeal of water-tax, the exemption allowing 2500 gallons of free water for every child in the school, was obtained in 1918. In 1919 Physical Culture was made a part of the curriculum, and free text-books were to be furnished where possible. St. Augustine's School was one of the first to follow the regulations. In 1920 the display of the United States Flag in every school was imposed, and the obligation of saluting it once a day. This







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1863-1938                                                                 ST. AUGUSTINE'S  PARISH HISTORY                                                                        Page 121



year a Law was passed forbidding children fourteen years of age to work. This proved a great advantage to the school: the parents had to stop causing trouble to both pastor and Sisters on account of keeping their children in school and preventing them from being put to work. (See St. Augustinus, July 1905, p. 14.)

    Elaborate graduating exercises were disapproved of in 1921, and their discontinuance strongly urged. Fire Drills were made obligatory to be conducted at least once a month. The Common Drinking Cup which was installed in September 1900 was abolished, and the schools supplied with Drinking Fountains. (See St. Augustinus, October, 1900, p. 4).   To insure progress, in 1922, three new text-books were introduced: "The Essentials in Spelling" by Pearson and Suzzalo, "The Catholic Citizen" by John A. Lapp, and 'Health and Happiness" by Reverend F. J. Dore, S.J. Algebra was eliminated, being no longer a requirement for High School. "Prangs Art Education" had been among the adoption of text-books in 1913, but as the work had not been satisfactory, a Course was begun in 1922 with encouraging success, and introduced gradually until the Eight Year Course was fully in the schools.   As the Course of Studies had been in use for twenty years, it was decided to make a change. Various branches of the curriculum were allotted to sub-committees composed of Supervisors and teachers. Their studies and reports were submitted and a mimeographed tentative Course, at the beginning of September, 1925, was placed in the hands of the teachers.  Reverend Father Hayes resigned June 1, 1926, and was succeeded by Reverend Paul E. Campbell. In 1927 schools having an enrollment of 500 or more children requested, where possible, to have a principal free from class work. St. Augustine's School was one of the first to comply with the requisite, and Sister M. Gertrude Peitz was the first free principal. This year also witnessed the introduction of the method of "Sight Reading" in the Primary Grades. The present Superintendent, .in 1932, introduced Departmental work; this is in use in the seventh and eighth grades. In 1934 an official Calendar was provided in which a  number of free days were allotted to the schools; this was done to secure uniformity in the schools regarding free days.   The following is a record of the school from 1911 to 1938 inclusive, giving the names of the teachers and the number of pupils in each grade.


1911-1912

Grade                                        Pupils
1. Sister M. Perpetua  Schleicher    80
2. Sister M. Theolinda Kiesling       69
3. Sister M. Petronella   Haas         67
4. Sister M. Ignatia Egler                62
4. Sister M. Severia Kircher           54
5. Sister M. Seraphine Holzer         50
5. Sister M. Kostka Kirsch             43
6. Sister M. Pauline Spiegel            38
6. Sister M. DeSales  Schwaab      37
7. Sister M. Herman Schoeppner   34
8. Sister M. Teresita Friedel           23
    Sister M. Loyola Steggert
     (Com. Class)                            25
                                            _______
                         Total                  580
1912-1913

Grade                                         Pupils
1. Sister M. Perpetua Schleicher       85
2  Sister M. Theolinda Kiesling         69
3. Sister M. Petronella Haas             66
4. Sister M. Ignatia Egler                  59
4. Sister M. Michael Neff                 59
5. Sister M. Celestine Ziefel              49
5. Sister M. Seraphine Holzer           50
6. Sister M. Kostka Kirsch               43
6. Sister M. Rose Schuler                 35
7. Sister M. Herman Schoeppner      31
8. Sister M. Luitgardis Baurnann       24
    Sister M. Loyola  Steggert
       (Com. Class)                             20
                                      ___________
                       Total                       590
1913-1914

Grade                                    Pupils
1. Sister M. Lawrence Burrey     86
2. Sister M. Theolinda Kiesling    67
3. Sister M. Cornelia Flotzinger   59
3. Sister M. Inez Straub               63
4. Sister M. DePazzi Reich          49
5. Sister M. Berenice Miller         44
5. Sister M. Francis Hehsler        49
6. Sister M. Celesta Bernarding   34
6. Sister M. Rose Schuler            32
7. Sister M. Herman Schoeppner  31
8. Sister M. Germaine Seibel        23
    Sister M. Liguori Lawton
       (Com. Class)                         27
                                  ___________
                      Total                    567
1914-1915

Grade                                Pupils
1. Sister M. Georgiana Raab     84
2. Sister M. Angeline Graner     68
3. Sister M. Leona Stumph       66
3. Sister M. Inez Straub            62
4. Sister M. DePazzi Reich        54
5. Sister M. Bertilla Hack          47
6. Sister M. Francis Hehsler      43
6. Sister M. Antoinella Snelsire  45
7. Sister M. Celesta Bernarding 41
8. Sister M. Alma Feineigle       32
    Sister M. Germaine Seibel
       (Jr. Com.)                          21
    Sister M. Liguori Lawton
      (Sr.  Com.)                        16
                            ____________
                                  Total    585






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1915 - 1916

Grade                               Pupils
1. Sister M. Georgiana Raab  83
2. Sister M. Angeline Graner  71
3. Sister M. Loena Stumph    67
4. Sister M. Edmund Jacob   60
4. Sister M. DePazzi Reich    59
5. Sister M. Paul Hauser        50
5. Sister M. Bertilla  Hack     52
7. Sr. M. Ambrosia Schmitt   26
8. Sister M. Lucille Doerr      34
    Sister M. Alma Feineigle   32
    Sister M. Germaine Seibel
      (Jr. Com.)                      21
    Sister M. Aurelia Arenth 
     (Sr. Com.)                      24
                        ____________
                        Total         579

1916-1917

Grade                                        Pupils
1. Sister M. Ottilia Fischer               78
2. Sister M. Bernardine Goodman    60
3. Sister M. Leona Stumph               63
3. Sr. M. Joseph Mary Hogenmiller  54
4. Sister M. DePazzi Reich               61
5. Sister M. Dolorita Ohrman           47
5. Sister M. DePaul Lattner              52
6. Sister M. Bertilla Hack                 43
7. Sister M. Lucille Doerr                 37
8. Sister M. Anita Froelich               33
    Sister M. Regis Glaesner
      (Jr. Com.)                                 13
    Sister M. Aurelia Arenth 
      (Sr. Com.)                                12
                                     ___________
                                         Total.  579

1917 - 1918

Grade                                       Pupils
1. Sister M. Mechtildis Evans         84
2. Sister M. Blanche Tewes            64
3. Sister M. Ottilia Fischer              65
3. Sister M. Carmelita Krah            59
4. Sister M. DePazzi Reich             60
5. Sister M. Agnella Rengers          46
5. Sr. Joseph Mary Hogenmiller      47
6. Sister M. DePaul Lattner            41
7. Sister M. Dolorita Ohrman         31
8. Sister M. Lucille Doerr               24
    Sister M. Teresita Friedel
      (Jr. Com.)                               26
    Sister M. Aurelia Arenth
      (Sr. Com.)                              10
                                  ____________
                                      Total      557

1918-1919

Grade                                      Pupils
1. Miss Mathilda Nort                  90
2. Sister M. Blanche Tewes         69
3. Sister M. Josephine Dold         71
4. Sister M. Ottilia Fischer           52
4. Sister M. Regina Kramer         61
5. Sr. Joseph Mary Hogenmiller   48
5. Sister M. Ludmilla Blockinger   41
6. Sister Francis  Marie Lang        43
7. Sister M. Dolorita Ohrman       38
8. Sister M. Herman Schoppner   28
    Sister M. Teresita Friedel 
      (Jr. Com)                               23
    Sister M. Callista Steggert
      (Sr. Com.).                            11
                                ____________
                                     Total    575   



1919-1920

Grade                                     Pupils
1. Sister Damian Blind                 90
2. Sister Theolinda Kiesling         74
3. Sister Teresa Rengers             60
3. Sister M. Josephine Dold        55
4. Sister M. Regina Kramer        53
5. Sr. Joseph Mary Hogenmiller  58
6. Sister M. Ludmilla  Blockinger 54
6. Sister Francis Marie Lang        34
7. Sister M. Dolorita Ohrman      38
8. Sister M. Lucina Appel           29
    Sister M. Germaine Seibel
      (Jr. Com.)                            23
    Sister M. Callista Steggert
      (Sr. Com.)                           16
                             ____________
                                   Total    586

1920 - 1921

Grade                                      Pupils
1. Sister M. Damian Blind            84
2. Sister M. Theolinda Kiesling    85
3. Sister M. Josephine Dold         73
4. Sister M. Teresa Rengers         63
4.. Sister M. Regina Kramer        53
5. Sister M. Ludmilla Blockinger  55
6. Sr. Joseph Mary Hogenmiller   47
6. Sister M. Paul Hauser              43
7. Sister M. Kostka Kirsch          40
8. Sister M. Lucina Appel            29
    Sister  M. Germaine Seibel
      (Jr. Com.)                             45
    Sister M. Callista Steggert
      (Sr. Com.)                            19
                                 ___________
                                       Total  636

1921 - 1922

Grade                                     Pupils
1. Sister M. Marcelline Laaks     74
2. Sister M. Damian Blind           81
3. Sister M. Leona Stumph         76
4. Sister M. Teresa Rengers        69
5. Sister M. Herman Friedman    62
6. Sister M. Pau1 Hauser            56
6. Sr. Joseph Mary Hogenmiller  50
7. Sister M. Regina Kramer         45
8. Sister M. Bertilla Hack            48
    Sister M. Germaine Seibel
       (Jr. Com.)                            60
 Sister M. Callista Steggert
      (Sr. Com.)                            40
 Sister M. Teresita Friedel
     (Typewriting Teacher)
                               ____________
                                     Total    661

1922 - 1923

Grade                                  Pupils
1. Sister M. Georgiana  Raab     92
2. Sister M. Damian  Blind         82
3. Sister M. Leona Stumph        76
4. Sister M. Teresa Rengers       71
5. Sister M. Herman Friedman   60
6. Sister M. DePaul Lattner        37
7. Sister M. Pau1 Hauser           52
7. Sister M  Rose Schuler          41
8. Sister M. Bertilla Hack          35
  Sister M. Gertrude Peitz
    (Jr. Com.)                             40
  Sister M. Germaine Seibel
    (Sr. Com.)                            40
  Sister M. Cailista Steggert
    (Sr. Com.)                            20
                               ___________
                                  Total     646
 






1863-1938                                                                 ST. AUGUSTINE'S  PARISH HISTORY                                                                        Page 123


1923-1924

Grade                                  Pupils
1. Sister M. Georgiana Raab     65
2. Sister M. Damian Blind         68
3. Sister M. Roberta Feldmeier 62
3. Sister M. Leona Stumph       61
4. Sister M. Eulalia Wank         57
5. Sister M. Herman Friedman  63
6. Sister M. DePaul Lattner      61
7. Sister M. Paul Hauser          45
7. Sister M. Cletus Wehrle       28
8. Sister M. Aquina Wacker     36
    Sister M. Gertrude Peitz
      (Jr. Com.)                          43
    Sister M. Aurelia Arenth
      (Sr. Com.)                         33
                           _____________
                                Total      622
1924-1925

Grade                                   Pupils
1. Sister M. Georgiana Raab      77
2. Sister M. Carmencita Einloth  73
3. Sister M. Julene Ganther        68
3. Sister M. Leona Stumph        60
4. Sister M. Celestine Ziefel       57
5. Sister M. Herman Friedman   64
6. Sister M. Constance Mahler  59
7. Sister M. Paul Hauser            45
8. Sister M. Liguori Strattmeier   31
8. Sister M. Aquina Wacker       35
    Sister M. Gertrude Peitz
      (Jr. Com.)                            41
   Sister M. Aurelia Arenth
     (Sr. Com.)                            40
                                ___________
                                   Total     650

1925 - 1926

Grade                                       Pupils
1. Sister M. Georgiana Raab         77
2. Sister M. Carmencita  Einloth    73
3. Sister M. Leona Stumph            68
4. Sister M. Celestine Ziefel           58
4. Sister M. Bertram Freund          64
5. Sister M. Herman  Friedman      57
6. Sister M. Constance Mahler       51
7. Sister M. Paul Hauser                45
8. Sister M. Aquina Wacker          34
  Sister M. Jeanne Voelker
     (Jr. Com.)
  Sister M. Gertrude Peitz
     (Sr. Com.)
  Sister M. Aurelia Arenth
     (Sr. Com.)
                          ________________
                                      Total     622

1926-1927

Grade                                         Pupils
1. Sister M. Georgiana Raab            75
2.  Sister M. Carmencita Einloth       79
3.  Sister M. Leona Stumph              71
4. Sister M. Barbara  Kuenzig          62
5. Miss Marie Greenewald               60
5. Sister M. Bertram  Freund           60
6. Sister M. Constance Mahler        52
7. Sister M. Honcra Garrity             46
8. Sister M. Bertilla Hack                39
   Sister M. De Chantal Staudt
      (Jr. Com)                                   44
   Sister M. Jeanne Voelker
     (Sr. Com.)                                  24
    Sister M. Jean Frances Henry
     (Sr. Com.)                                  35
    Sister M. Gertrude Peitz,
       Principal
                            ________________
                                        Total     645


1927 - 1928
 
Grade                                    Pupils
1. Sister M. Georgiana Raab       69
2. Sister M. Carmencita  Einloth  77
3. Sister M. Leocadia Schleicher 73
4. Sister M. Barbara Kuenzig      63
5. Miss Marie Greenewald          62
6. Sister M. Marita Gruber         58
6. Sister M. Berenice Miller        50
7. Sister M. Armella Lueber        45
8. Sister M. Edmond Jacob        38
    Sister M. De Chantal Staudt
      (Jr. Com.)                            42
    Sister M. Victorine Jacobs
      (Sr. Com.)                           40
                              ____________
                                   Total     617

1928 - 1929

Grade                                      Pupils
1. Sister M. Georgiana Raab         67
2. Sister M. Carmencita Einloth     78
3. Sister M. Leocadia  Schleicher  72
4. Sister M. Coletta Neuner          63
5. Miss Marie Greenewald            62
6. Sister M. Marita Gruber            60
7. Sister M. Celesta Bernarding     52
7. Sister M. Agneta Ganther          42
8. Sister M. Edmond Jacob           39
    Sister M. DeChantal Staudt
      (Jr. Com.)                               46
    Sister M. Victorine Jacobs
     (Sr. Com.)                               32
                                   ___________
                                      Total     613
1929-1930

Grade                                 Pupils
1. Sister M. Marion Schiffhaur   59
2. Miss Ruth Rock                    64
3. Sister M. Ottilia Schwaab     55
3. Sr. M. Leocadia  Schleicher  56
4. Sister M. Coletta Neuner      63
5. Sister M. Alberta Mason      64
6. Sister M. Marita Gruber       58
7. Sister M. Agneta Ganther     53
8. Sr. M. Celesta Bernarding    40
8. Sister M. Lucille Doerr         40
    Sister M. Eunice Herbst
      (Jr. Com.)                          30 
    Sister M. De Chantal Staudt
     (Sr. Com.)                          38
                             ____________
                                Total      620

1930-1931

Grade                                       Pupils
1. Sister M. Perpetua Schleicher    70
2. Sister M. Edna Bachman            67
3. Sister M. Coletta Neuner           73
4. Miss Ruth Rock                         61
4. Sister M. Clare Sedlmeier          65
5. Sister M. Clement Fey               64
6. Sister M. Esther Bosle               56
6-7. Sister M. Rose Ann  Gruber   45
7. Sister M. Agneta Ganther           44
8. Sister M. Celesta Bernarding      46
9. Sister M. Germaine Seibel         34
10. Sister M. De Chantal Staudt     23
Sister M. Antoinette Ruffenmach,
  Principal
                               _____________
                                       Total    648



       



""

Men's Choir
Top: Charles Moffiat, Anthony Mackiewicz, Louis Zinsmeister, Clarence N. Schmolder, Joseph Brei, George
Hinchcliff.  Middle: Frank Limpert, Louis Fuchs, Lester Morris, August Rattay, Adolph Jans, Bernard
Ceponis.  Bottom: Andrew Bieneman, Adolph Lutz, Rev. Ralph Graham, O.M.Cap., Leo Schakmar, John
Zawart.





1863-1938                                                                 ST. AUGUSTINE'S  PARISH HISTORY                                                                        Page 125


1931-1932

Grade                                 Pupils
 1. Sr.M. Perpetua Schleicher 87
 2. Sister M. Edna Bachman   81
 3. Sister M. Mathilda Zeus    74
 4. Miss Ruth Rock                72
 5. Sister M. Wilma Schuster  68
 5. Sister M. Clement Fey      64
 6. Sister M. Clare Sedlmeier 34
 6. Sister M. Claudia Freund  52
 7. Sister M. Floria Hack       52
 8. Sister M. Esther Bosle      43
 8. Sister M. Agneta Ganther  43
 9. Sister M. Edmond Jacob   12
10. Sr. M. Germaine Seibel    31
Sr. M. Antoinette Ruffenmach,
   Principal
                                 _________
                                  Total  713

1932 - 1933

Grade                                    Pupils
 1. Sister M. Perpetua Schleicher 66
 2. Sister M. Carol Mader           83
 3. Sister M. Mathilda Zeus         77
 4. Sister M. Georgine Zeuger     76
 5. Sister M. Clement Fey           70
 6. Sister M. Clare Sedlmeier      68
 6. Sister M. Claudia Freund       53
 7. Sister M. Joan Doney            42
 7. Sister M. Lavina Nort            41
 8. Sister M. Eulalia Wank          43
 9. Sr.M. Adelaide Feldmeier      21
10. Sister M. Edmond Jacob        8
11. Sister M. Germaine Seibel    21
Sr. M. Antoinette Ruffenmach,
   Principal
                                      ________
                                      Total  669

1933 - 1934

Grade                                        Pupils
 1. Sister M. Perpetua Schleicher    72
 2. Sister M. Mary Ann Schoppal   78
 3. Sister M. Alberta Mason           72
 4. Sister M. Florence Greiner         71
 4-5. Sr. M. De Lourdes McGrath  67
 5. Sister M. Clement Fey               57
 6. Sister M. Angelica Hahner         55
 7. Sister M. Roberta Feldmeier      52
 7. Sister M. Claretta Gardill           52
 8. Sister M. Eulalia Wank              53
 9. Sr. M. Mary Marg.Wiegand      18
10. Sister M. Benigna Lattner         21
11. Sister M. DeSales Schwaab       8
12. Sister M. Germaine Seibel        19
Sr. M. Antoinette Ruffenmach,
   Principal
                                             ________
                                             Total   695

1934 - 1935

Grade                                         Pupils
 1. Sister M. Cecilia Marie Fahrner  76
 2. Sister M. Mary Ann Schoppal    81
 3. Sister M. Walter Franko            85
 4. Sister M. Florence Greiner         78
 5. Sr. M. Marg. Mary Muehlbauer 76
 6. Sister M. Xavier Kroha              55
 6. Sister M. Angelica Hahner         53
 7. Sister M. Clara Marie Bliss        55
 8. Sister M. Bertilla Hack              45
 8. Sister M. Eulalia Wank              51
 9. Sister M. Judith Abel                 18
10. Sister M. Marilda Dusch           19
11. Sister M. Benigna Lattner          21
12. Sister M. Germaine Seibel           8
Sr. M. Victorine, Principal
                                           ________
                                           Total  721


1935 - 1936

Grade                                               Pupils
 1. Sister M. Perpetua Schleicher         78
 2. Sister M. Mary Ann Schoppal        65
 3. Sister M. Marie Antoinette Lindner 65
 4. Sister M. Lioba Bernarding             48
 4. Sister M. Florence Greiner              49
 5. Sister M. Praxedes Schmitt             40
 5. Sister Margaret Mary Muehlbauer   47
 6. Sister M. Angelica Hahner               59
 7. Sister M. Joan Doney                      48
 7. Sister M. Roseleen Lunzma             51
 8. Sister M. Bertilla Hack                    46
 9. Sister M. Leonilla Green                  21
10. Sister M. Judith Abel                      19
11. Sister M. Benigna Lattner               16
12. Sister M. DeSales Schwab             18
Sister M. Victorine, Principal
                                                 ________
                                                Total  670

1936 - 1937

Grade                                                Pupils
 1. Sister M. Amelia Koenig                  66
 2. Sister M. Clarence Orient                 82
 3. Sister M. Leona Stumph                   72
 4. Sister M. Florence Greiner                61
 5. Sister M. Alverna Quiring                  45
 5. Sister M. Praxedes Schmitt                48
 6. Sister M. Marie Celine Eichhorn        41
 6. Sister Margaret Mary Muehlbauer     41
 7. Sister M. Owen Amann                     47
 8. Sister M. Roseleen Kuzma                 39
 8. Sister M. Rose Marie Tresch             40
 9. Sister M. Leonilla Green                    31
10. Sister M. Maura Reilly                      16
11. Sister M. Benigna Lattner                  15
12. Sister M. Deo Cara Wehrheim          12
Sister M. Victorine Jacobs, Principal
                                                   ________
                                                   Total  659

1937 - 1938

Grade                                             Pupils
 1. Sister M. Amelia Koenig               65
 2. Sister M. Clarence Orient              76
 3. Sister M. Leona Stumph                72
 4. Sister M. Florence Greiner             68
 5. Sister M. Praxedes Schmitt            66
 6. Sister M. Cornelia Reiser               46
 6. Sister M. Norbertine Bauer            44
 7. Sister Margaret Mary Muehlbauer  40
 7. Sister M. Ambrosia Schmitt            40
 8. Sister M. Roseleen Kuzma             40
 9. Sister M. Judith Abel                      34
10. Sister M. Claver Zeuger                24
11. Sister M. Benigna Lattner              18
12. Sister M. Deo Cara Wehrheim      16
Sister M. Victorine Jacobs, Principal
                                                ________
                                               Total  649




(This section continues on page 177)



Next:  "Societies of St. Augustine's Church" . . .


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