I have been attempting to identify the parents of my ancestor, Elias Conklin (c. 1808 - 1870), who worked as a shoemaker from around 1835 to the mid- to late-1850's in Newark, New Jersey. In the process of working on this project, I discovered that several Newark Conklins, who had been born in New Jersey in the late-eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, also used the "Coughlin" surname sometimes. The 1851/52 city directory for Newark provides some good examples, as follows:
Elias and Daniel came to Newark by way of Elizabeth, New Jersey. I suspect that my ancestor, as well as Daniel Conklin and a few other Conklins who were living in Newark in the first half of the 19th century, may be related to the Conklins who lived in the Pompton Plains vicinity in Morris County, New Jersey, at the end of the 18th century. Elias Conklin married Mary Ann Haulenbeck , whose parents were from Pompton, New Jersey. Mary Ann's father was Jacob Haulenbeck. Her mother was Catherine Vreeland. Daniel Conklin's family was related by marriage to the Fredericks family that also came from the Pompton Plains area. I suspect that Daniel may be the son of John "Koghelin" and Antje [Anne] Frederiks of Pompton Plains, born on 21 March 1794, and baptized at the Reformed Dutch Church of Pompton Plains. Daniel's eldest daughter, Ann, later married Nicholas Fredericks. Pompton Plains is in Morris County, New Jersey, where there are Conklins who also appear under the surname "Coughlin." My search for Conklins in Morris County and surrounding areas, such as Orange County and Rockland County, New York, has barely begun. I am beginning to suspect that the search for the parents of Elias Conklin of Newark may lead me to descendants of the "Westchester Conklins."
Not knowing where Elias belonged in terms of the three pre-colonial Conklin family lines, I kept what records I picked up along the way in case they might relate to Elias. As part of the process of sorting out these records, I created a Conklins of Essex County Timeline; for Conklin/Coughlin family members who lived in Elizabeth[town], Westfield, Springfield, Newark, and Livingston, New Jersey, to try to get a better sense of who lived where at particular points in time. This timeline includes all of the sources that I used in compiling the information. I also created web pages for maps that show the location of various Conklins and Coughlins who were living in Newark, Essex County, New Jersey, based on the city directories for Newark for the years 1835, 1838, 1840, and 1851. To link to these maps, visit the Elias Conklin web page. I have been able to identify some of the Essex County, New Jersey Conklins as members of one of the three pre-colonial Conklin family lines. Others, such as Elias, remain a mystery. Many dots, but few connections!
I hope those of you who have hit your own Conklin/Coughlin brick walls as you seek your Essex County, New Jersey roots may find some clues to your puzzles here. Here are a few resources that I came to know and love while working on my projects:
DistantCousin.com - "Newark, NJ 1840-41 City Directory" (http://distantcousin.com/directories/nj/1840/newark/a.html)
FamilySearch.org - for indexes of vital records, digital images of documents (https://familysearch.org)
History and Genealogy of Westfield New Jersey and Vicinity (http://www.westfieldnjhistory.com)
Internet Archive - "Directory of Newark, for 1835-6: with an historical sketch" (http://www.archive.org/details/directoryofnewar18351836newa)
Internet Archive - "Directory of the city of Newark, for 1838-9, with an historical sketch" (http://www.archive.org/details/directoryofcityo00pier)
Internet Archive - "Directory of the City of Newark, for 1851-52" (http://www.archive.org/details/directoryofcityo00pieriala)
New England Historic Genealogical Society (http://www.americanancestors.org)
New Jersey Historical Society (http://www.jerseyhistory.org)
New Jersey State Archives (http://www.state.nj.us/state/darm/links/archives.html)
Old Newark - Various street names, maps, histories of houses of worship (http://www.oldnewark.com/mainindex.php)
Rutgers University, Special Collections - Digital image, "Map of the City of Newark"  (http://mapmaker.rutgers.edu/NEWARK/Newark_1853.gif)
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