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Walter and Ann Crow moved their family from Delaware to Augusta County, Virginia around 1763-64.  The first reference we find of Walter is in April 1764 when he is witness to a land sale.  In June of the same year Walter bought 343 acres on Linville Creek.  Samuel Newman, brother of Walter's mother, Martha Newman Crow, had previously settled in 1744 in the Smiths Creek area, about 15 miles from where Walter settled.  Walter and Ann had two children after moving to the county, Nancy on March 25, 1764 and Rachel on Feb. 19, 1767.

William is the first Crow found in Augusta County in 1759.  William was born circa 1726 in Ireland.  He married Margaret Lewis, daughter of John Lewis and aunt of Col. Andrew Lewis of the Battle of Pt. Pleasant fame.  Not sure how William is related to our Crows but he is listed in Walter's 1789 will as having a certain obligation with John Crow at William's Crows Ferry on the James River (we think the will incorrectly stated Lewis Ferry when it should have been Looney's Ferry).

About 1775 John and William, Walter's sons, settled in the Peter's Creek area of Yohogania County, just off the Monongahela River.  That part of Virginia was claimed by both Virginia and Pennsylvania and is now Washington County, Pennsylvania.   They were part of that county's militia before moving permanently to Kentucky.


Ann Miller

Ann Miller, wife of Walter Crow, has been a source of much debate.   It's generally accepted by some Crow researchers that Walter Crow and Anne Miller were married in 1740 in Middlesex County, although no records exist of this marriage (that we know of).   Ann is listed as Walter's wife in his 1789 will.  There's even a theory that Ann came from England with a family bible. John Finley Crow's memoirs name Mary Stuart as his grandmother, not Ann Miller.  After considering all available research, we submit that there were two Ann Millers born to John Miller of Middlesex County, of two different wives.  

1.  Ann Miller Barbee is listed in John's will of 1742: "I leave to my daughter, Ann Barbee and John, her husband, one shilling and the same sum to wit."   Ann was married to John Barbee on Christmas Day, 1708, in Christ Church Parish.  Ann was born in 1693 and her will was recorded as Ann Miller Barbee on Aug. 17, 1761 in Essex County.  There is no birth listing for this Ann in the parish register that we know of, but the register has five children listed for John and Michal beginning in 1695.  Ann was probably the eldest child of John and Michal.  

2.  Anne Miller Crow,  daughter of John and Sarah Hadley Miller, was born March 31st and baptized April 24th 1720.  Since the Christ Church Parish register lists Ann being born to John and Sarah in 1720 there's no doubt of this birth.

By the time of John's death in 1742, his children Patrick, Priscilla and John had died and none of them are listed in the will.  Only one Ann is mentioned though, Ann Barbee.  Ann Crow is not named.  She would have married Walter two years earlier and gone to Delaware.  All this still does not prove she's Walter's wife Ann!    


 

Marriages in Rockingham County
1778-1816

1782 William Crow married Hester Pettyjohn daughter of William Pettyjohn (not sure which William this is).

1784 Mary Crow daughter of John Crow married John Flack (note: this is Mary Hinds, who as an orphan was bound to John and Elizabeth in 1764.)

1787 Rachel Crow daughter of Walter Crow married Samuel Harned son of David Harned.

 

Revolutionary War Records

Both Benjamin and Jacob Crow enlisted in the 8th Virginia Regiment, which became the 4th VA Regiment and also the 12th Regiment.   

Benjamin enlisted in December 1776 in the 8th Virginia Regiment as part of Capt. David Stephenson's company, Col. Abraham Bowman commanding.

The following is the affidavit of David Rolstone.

Be it known that on the 23rd day of March 1837 David Rolstone of said County, a revolutionary pensioner of the United States aged between 76 and 77 personally appeared before a Justice of the Peace in and for said County, and made oath that he is a native of Rockingham County and acquainted with the late Peter Van Pelt, of said County from his early boyhood: that he lived a nigh neighbor to said Van Pelt up to the time of his death, that he always understood and believed that said Van Pelt served a tour of 18 months in the revolutionary war. He also states that said Van Pelt was married a few days before he marched on the tour aforesaid to the same woman who is now living as his widow.

This affiant was well acquainted with James Blain & Benjamin Crow, two men who served under the same 18 months draft with Van Pelt and returned from the army about the same time, having also served out their term of service, and continued to live in the same neighborhood for many years afterwards. This affiant served in the army with said Crow in North & South Carolina, he and said Crow being mess-mates the whole tour. David Rolstone Sworn to & subscribed this 25th day of September 1837 Abraham Smith

Jacob enlisted in November 1777, just in time for winter quarters at Valley Forge.

In June 1778 the 8th Regiment was reorganized and placed in the 4th Regiment.  Jacob was placed in Capt. William Croghan's Company, which was alternately commanded by Col. James Wood and Col. John Neville.  William Croghan was a British officer who sided with the colonists against the king.  Croghan would later marry a sister of Gen. George Rogers Clark and William Clark of Lewis and Clark fame.

Both Jacob and Benjamin were listed as sick at Valley Forge.   In June 1778 the 4th marched out of Valley Forge as part of Gen. Lafayette's 3rd Division.  On June 28, 1778, Jacob may have participated in the Battle of Monmouth, where Gen. Lafayette's troops formed the center of the American line and repulsed repeated British assaults.  Benjamin's pay vouchers stopped at June 1778 and picked up again in 1779; possibly he was still with the army but nothing is documented.

Jacob's enlistment documents end in July 1779. Click on the images below to see some of his pay and muster roll records, obtained from the National Archives.

 

 

James was in a Washington County, Virginia militia company at the Battle of Kings Mountain, South Carolina.   Kings Mountain is said to have been the pivotal battle of the Revolutionary War as American Patriot forces won the battle over American Loyalist troops.   Usually when you think of the Revolutionary War you would think that it was American forces fighting British forces, but in this instance Kings Mountain was fought entirely by Americans, with the exception being Major Patrick Ferguson, a British army regular who was in charge of the American Loyalists, and a few other British officers.   After Ferguson was killed in battle the Loyalists surrendered.   

There is a Capt. John Crow listed as also having been at King's Mountain, but we're not sure which John this is.

See King's Mountain and Its Heroes: History of the Battle of King's Mountain, October 7th, 1780 by Lyman C. Draper.

Walter, although he did not fight in the militia or continental line as his sons did, contributed in other ways to the American Revolution.  In March 1775 he brought 2000 pounds of iron for merchant Felix Gilbert from Zanes Iron Works on Cedar Creek in Frederick County, a distance of approximately 40 miles from the Harrisonburg/Linville Creek area.  

In April 1779 Walter delivered 280 pounds of bacon to Albermarle Barracks near Charlottesville, approximately 65 miles from Linville Creek.   Albemarle Barracks was a prison camp where American forces held captured British soldiers.   

In May, 1782 the Rockingham Co. court ordered payment to Walter for service and supplies to the army for supplying beef, corn, oats and hay, in one instance for 22 days service and another for seven days service.


 

List of Battles: 

Regimental histories for the 4th, 8th and 12th Virginia Regiments can be found at: http://www.rootsource.com/virginia.htm.

 

Land Records

June 21, 1764.  George and William Skillern to Walter Crow, 343 acres patented to William Skillern, deceased, 30 Aug 1743, and devised by William that his sons, George and ____, should dispose of same on head of a draft of Linville's Creek on Harrison's road.  Teste: James Hughes, James Huston. Delivered: Walter Crow, Oct. 1766, acknowledged by George. 

March 3, 1766:  To Walter Crow, 25, 200 acres on South Fork Linville's Creek; corner Samuel Harrison's land.   Delivered: Walter Crow, October, 1766.  Click on the image above to see a map of the possible area of the Crow land grants.

December 7, 1774, 35 acres to John Crow, on the waters of Linville Creek next to Irish Road joining the land of John Wright and Thomas Gregg.  Click the thumbnail at left to view part of the original document from the Virginia Digital Library.  This document, along with other Crow land records, both in Virginia and Kentucky, can be viewed at: http://198.17.62.51/cgi-bin/drawer/disk19/CC150/0377/C0395?15.

March 1, 1781, 216 acres, Walter Crow, on the head of a draft on Linville Creek on the east side of the land he lives on.

Washington Co. Survey Records:  Page 281 - Joshua Roman...300 ac...on both sides of Hunger Mother, branch of the Middle of Holstein River.   Commissioners Certificate.  Beginning on Hays line on a spur of the Brushey Mountain on the west side of the creek - March 26, 1785 - Andrew Evans, assignee of John Crow.  300 ac. on both sides of Hungers Mother, includes improvements, 210 ac. surveyed on February 25, 1775...actual settlement made in 1775...August 25, 1781.

Click on the map at left, which is from the records of the James River Canal Co., that shows Crow's Ferry on the James River (at the top of the image).  This ferry was originally called Looney's Ferry and was bought from Robert Looney by William Crow in 1766.  For more maps and information go to an excellent site about the Looney Family at: http://www.looneybook.com/id31.htm.

 


Family Groups in Augusta
and Rockingham Counties

Trying to unravel the relationships of the Crow family in the Shenandoah Valley in the late 18th century is practically impossible, but just for kicks we tried... here goes.

Walter and Ann Miller settled on Linville Creek
Children: James, John, William, Benjamin, Jacob, Nancy and Rachel.  James was the only son to settle in Virginia.  Mary married and moved to western Pennsylvania then Kentucky.  John, William and Jacob also moved to Kentucky.  Benjamin moved to Tennessee then Arkansas, and Nancy and Rachel married and moved to Tennessee.
William and Margaret Lewis William was a storekeeper, settled in Staunton, was a captain in the Augusta Co. militia.  Bought ferry from Robert Looney on James River.  Children:  William Jr., Andrew Lewis Crow (moved to Kentucky, was a storekeeper in Danville)

James and Eleanor

 

James was a weaver.   Came to colony in 1762 from Donaghmore, Ireland.   Children:  Thomas, Elizabeth and Frances (Fanny).  Frances married William Mathews.  A church certificate from Ireland reads: "James Crowe, Ellinor, his wife, with their two daughters, Elizabeth and Frances, has lived in this congregation since their infancy--are descended of an ancient reputable Protestant family. Their exemplary conduct has always justly merited the unfeigned esteem of their Christian neighbours and are recommended as worthy the regard and notice of any society where divine providence may appoint.  Is certifyed at Donaghmore this 20th day of June 1762 by Benjamin Holmes."
John and Elizabeth On the 1794 Botetourt Co. tax list
Child:  Mary Hinds (orphan bound to Elizabeth)
Thomas

Settled on Craig's Creek
Child:  Thomas Jr., married Nancy Donnally

Robert A surveyor
Edward Had land next to Robert
Charles The only thing we know about him is that he moved out of the county to South Carolina in 1766.

 

Walter Crow's Will

From original court records of Augusta County 1745-1800, Order book # XXIV.  Fee 70 cents, paid in the office by W. Roalston, J.H. Gambrill

I, Walter Crow, of Rockingham County.  To wife, Ann.   To eight children, viz: Mary Harnsberry, James, John, William, Benjamin, Jacob Crow, Nancy Gregg, Rachel Harnett.  Executors, wife Ann, and William Crow, third son of testator.  "A certain obligation which John Crow obtained from William Crow at Lewis Ferry, on James River, which John assigned to his father, Walter Crow, amounting to 20 pounds principle, interest from August, 1784, if John shall pay some to Anne, etc.," otherwise the amount is to be deducted from John's share.  Signed, sealed, etc., 6th August, 1789.  Test:  William Dunlap, Hannah (mark) Roadecap and lie for, etc.  (Signed) William Ewen, C. R. C.  proved in Clerk, 28th September, 1789, Rockingham County.  Proved by Hannah Roadecap and lie for, etc. Signed William Ewen, C.R.C. Proved in Rockingham, 26th October, 1789, by Elizabeth Roadecap.  Administration granted widow, Anne; other executor failed to appear.   By the Court.  (Signed) William Ewen, C.R.C.  A copy.  Test:   H.J. Gambill, D.C. R. C.


Chronicles of the Scots-Irish Listings
Selected listings of Augusta County Crows gleaned from various sources like Ancestry.Com and Rootsweb's www.rootsweb.com/~chalkley/

5/24/1762 Liquors rated. James Young, a juror impanneled, failed to answer when called; fined and suit continued. Alexr. McClenachan, Thos. Crow, Joseph Bell, George Francisco, disturbed the Court by playing at ball, and are fined.
7/5/1762 Robert Craven's estate, appraised by Mathew Thompson, Archd. Huston, Jno. Stewart. Bonds due by Ro. McGarry, John Crow, Wm. Cravens.
4/22/1763 James Crow came into Court and made oath that he, with his wife, Eleanor, and his children, Thomas, Elizabeth and Fanny, came to dwell in this Colony in the year 1762 etc. 50 acres each.
4/9/1764 Samuel Harrison to Daniel Smith, 100, 100 acres on South Branch of Linville's Creek, patented to Samuel, 5th September, 1749. Teste: Walter Crow, Peter ( ) Kinder, Felix Shelman (Sheltman), Joseph Rutherford. Delivered: Daniel Smith, November, 1765.
6/20/1764 Conrad Fudge, witness. Michael Earhart, witness from Culpeper. Mary Hinds, aged 3 years and 2 months, bound to Elizabeth Crow.   NOTE:  Elizabeth was married to John Crow.  Mary Hinds took the Crow name and married John Flack in 1784.
5/28/1765
Oct. 1765
William Woods vs. Andrew Crow, Jr.--Writ, 28th May, 1765.
Removed from County.
10/21/1765 William and Thomas Crow and three others added to tithables.
10/16/1765 Capt. Daniel Smith's settlement of estate of Robert Harrison allowed and recorded--Paid George Skilerton; paid Edmond Pendleton, Joseph Langdon, Jno. Stewart, Felix Ohlpman, Capt. Francis Thornton, Solomon Turpin, George Lindwad, Christian Groob, Christian Wilson, Henry Flesher, Doctor Caulval, Peter Watkins, John Crow, Jeremiah Ragen, William Grad, Wm. Minter, Jno. Phears. Isaac Johnston. Sale bill of above estate to, viz: Dennis Henry, Wm. Marks, Wm. McMullen, Toms Thomas, Capt. Waran, Arthur Trader, Neil Linch, Jno. Gum, Ezeriah Worden, Zebulon (Binenran) Harrison. To attendance and necessaries found for the deceased during the time he remained sick at my house, where he did from the 10th February to 25th May, 1761, being 3 months and 15 days.
10/15/1765 John Smith to William and Thomas Crow, 50, two  tracts of 195 acres and 213 acres on Craig's Creek patented to James Patton, 3d November, 1750, and conveyed by Patton to Smith, 195 acres.
3/22/1766 To Walter Crow, 25, 200 acres on South Fork Linville's Creek; corner Samuel Harrison's land Delivered: Walter Crow, October, 1766

3/22/1765
8/9/1766

Relinquishment by Abigail, wife of Alex. Herron, of dower in tract sold by Alexander to Walter Crow, 22d March, 1765
10/21/1766 Charles Crow is about to remove to South Carolina.
11/24/1766 Ann O'Brien, servant of James Crow, agrees to serve him two years in consideration of his agreeing to her marrying Tiadey Flinn.
11/28/1767
Nov. 1770
Walter Crow vs. John Stewart (Middle River).--Writ, 28th November, 1767
1768 James Crow, weaver.

6/29/1769
May, 1773

John Anderson vs. S. Mathews, Mathew and James Lockhart.--Chancery writ, 29th June, 1769. James Lockhart was Sampson Mathews's father-in-law, in 1765. Orator became joint security with Mathews on bond of James Lockhart and Randall Lockhart for collection of public levy in 1765; sometime after securities asked G. Jones and P. Hog to liquidate the account of the Lockharts, when a considerable defalcation was found. Patrick Lockhart was son to James. James Allen was son-in-law of John Anderson. Robert Bratton, aged 60 years, 20th May, 1772. Silas Hart, aged 50 years and upwards, 20th May, 1772. Randall Lockhart was son to James. William Crow, aged 30 years and upwards, 22d August, 1772. James Allen's deposition taken in Botetourt, 1771. Hugh Allen was James's brother.
3/4/1769 John Buchanan and Margret to Michael Dougherty (Docherty), 10, 84 acres in Forks of James, part of 170 acres purchased by John Buchanan from John Moffet; corner Michael Docherty's land; corner James McGavock's land. Teste: James Crow, James Gilmore, Jonathan Smith. Delivered, October, 1777
3/3/1769 John Buchanan, gent., and Margret to John Campbell, 340, 740 acres on a branch of the Indian or Holstone River, called the Middle Fork, said tract being known by the name of the Royal Oak. Teste: James Crow, John Mills, David Campbell, Arthur Campbell, John Howard, George Skillern. Delivered: David Campbell, May, 1771
1775 Wm. Crow, Botetourt
Jno. Crow, twice returned
11/20/1776 James Henderson and Sarah, of Botetourt County, to John Hunton, tract where James Formerly lived. Teste: David Henderson, James Crow.
3/22/1778 Mathew (mark) Lettimore's will--To James Tate all estate and executor. Teste: John and Wm. Tate. James Crow. Proved, 19th August, 1783, by J. and W. Tate. Executor is dead. Administration granted Sarah and John Tate.
5/21/1778 William Crow, no inhabitant.
1778 Christopher Acklin vs. Francis Walker--O. S. 17; N. S. 6--Bill filed 1802--Settlement of Wolf Hill tract in Washington County belonging to Thomas Walker, deceased, father of Francis. Other settlers were Saml. Biggs, James Craig, Saml. Evans, David Getgood, John Vance. John Vance deposes, 19th August, 1803, at house of John McCormick in Abingdon, that between 1773 and 1775 he and Christopher Acklin settled on the Wolf Hill tract, deponent having purchased a settlement of John Huston; Daniel Smith was Dr. Walker's agent. James Crow settled on the Wolf Hill tract in 1778; James Piper was also a settler. Francis Walker went to school to Daniel Smith, the agent. Josiah Gamble deposes in Blount County, Tennessee, 10th March, 1803, that he and Daniel Smith were the agents of Walker, and Acklin was the first settler on the land in dispute. Daniel Smith deposes at his own house in Sumner County, Tennessee, 12th March, 1804. Robert Doaek was Walker's agent before Smith, in years 1770-72. Alexander Brackenridge deposes in Bourbon County, 10th June, 1803: In 1769?1776 a certain Robert Doak said he was agent for Dr. Thos. Walker and induced Alexr. to take a part of the lands, and he, in November of same year, went there and built a cabin, and in September, 1770, he moved there. In 1772 Doak came and laid off the lands to the settlers. In 1773 settlers were advertised to meet at the house of Samuel Briggs.
1779 Delinquents, Augusta County Levy for 1779: James Crow, gone to Holstein
3/1/1781 McWilliams vs. Hollingshead--Certificate that patent issued to Wm. Skillern for 343 acres on draft of Linville's Creek, 30th August, 1743. Patent by Dinwiddie to Alexr. Herring, 10th September, 1755, 200 acres on So. Br. Linville's Creek, corner Saml. Harrison. Patent by Jefferson, 1st March, 1781, to Walter Crow, 216 acres by survey dated 15th April, 1780, in Rockingham on a draft of Linville's Creek, where he now lives, corner Leonard Herring, Jerry Raggins line. Ditto, February, 1781, to Leonard Herrin, 88 acres on drafts of So. Br. of Linville's Creek. Ditto Benj. Harrison, 3d April, 1784, to Jno. Currey, 350 acres by survey, 1771, in Augusta on Linville's Creek; 240 acres thereof was patented to Saml. Harrison, 16th August, 1756, and conveyed by him to Wm. Mintor, 19th October, 1762, and by Mintor to Jno. Currey by deed recorded in Amherst, Walter Crow's land. Original deed, 27th May, 1799, Abraham Peery and Joseph Hall, of Rockingham, to Gordon McWilliams' grantors, undivided share in 137-1/2 acres in Rockingham, patented to grantors and grantee, jointly, 21st May, 1799. Recorded Rockingham, July Court, 1802. Will of Walter Crow, dated 6th August, 1789, recorded in Rockingham, 4th September, 1789, and 26th October, 1789. Deposition Jeremiah Harrison at Woodford Courthouse, 14th July, 1801; was a processioner 27 or 28 years in Augusta; taken before Jno. Obannon, Henry Watkins, E. Wooldridge. Patent by Gooch, 30th August, 1743, to Wm. Skillern, 343 acres on Linvill's Creek on both sides the Irish Road, Daniel Harrison's path. Letter from James Crow, Washington County, Va., 3d August, 1802, acknowledges request to get the deposition of Jeremiah Ragin; he knew Ragin 35 years ago; Ragin and James' father lived near neighbors. Deposition of Nicholas Curry, Fayette County, Ky., 19th November, 1800; says his father settled in Augusta in the fall of 1767.
9/19/1780 Edward Erwin (Irvine) and Mary, to Benj. Crow. of Rockingham, part of 400 acres patented to Alex. Brownlee, 12th June, 1749. Teste: James Gauy (Guy), Francis Mara, Robert Gregg.
8/28/1782 Came into Court Walter Crow And Made oath that He Delivered 280 lbs. of Bacon To Mr. Tate Comg. at Albamarle Barricks in April 1779 for which he has never rd. any valy or satisfan. the Court Is therefore of ye oppinion that he be allowed 7 1/2 per lb. and ye same Is ord. To Be Cerd. Note: Albemarle Barracks was a prison camp that over two years' time held 2,000 captured British soldiers.  It was located south of the Linville Creek area near Charlottesville.
8/28/1782 Came into Court Benj Crow & made oath that there was a Rifel gun powder horn shot pouch and knife taken from Him When a continental soldier In the year 1777 and put Into the Magn. for which he Recd a certificate Which he Lodged with Walter Crow who also came into Court and Made oath that He Has Lost the sd. Cera. and never Recd any value for ye same the Court Is therefore of the oppinion that ye sd. Benj Crow Be allowed L7 10s for sd gun powder horn shot Pouch and knife and the Same Is ord. to Be Cert."
9/1782 Walter Crow made oath that upon this journey to Richmond, he was robbed of one bond of 10 Pounds Specie, Date November 6, 1773 to be paid the 6th May 1774, the bond upon Adam Walker and John North, securities, and one Bond of 15 pounds specie, upon Phillip Bleaten and Leddy Dickson, security, June 1776, to be paid in 1 October 1776, and one note of hand upon Joseph Pue of L 1.18.6 Specie.
1783 Insolvents and Delinquents, 1783: Benjamin Crow, gone to Holston
1783 Surveys in 1783 by Robert Crow, assistant to Saml. Hanway, S. M. C. for Henderson vs. Cresap heirs.
2/17/1784 Sheriff ordered to apply to Hannah Sawyers, widow of James Sawyers, deceased, for sundry articles taken from Benjamin Crow and Patrick Ferren.
3/13/1789 Thomas Crow, Jr., and Nancy Donally, daughter Charles Donally (consent), Mary Donally (consent); witnesses, Jno. Wayt, Stephen Smith; surety, Alexander Lewis. (marriage)
11/17/1790 Sampson Sawyers and Mary McCaslin, daughter of John McCaslin (consent); witness, James Crow; surety, James Crow, of Botetourt.
10/6/1790 William Teas to Robert Allen, Jr., 100, 100 acres more or less; corner of Beverley Manor line. Teste: George Elliott, Thomas Crow, Archibald Armstrong. Delivered: James Allen, October 6, 1790.
Click here to see the entire listing of Crows in the Chronicles of the Scots-Irish.