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 Northeast Texas County Formation


County

Organized

Parent County/Counties (immediate parent in bold) Some counties were formed from more than one parent county.

Anderson

1846

Houston 1837-1846, Nacogdoches 1836-1837

Bowie

1840

Red River 1837-1840

Camp

1874

Shelby 1837-1842, Harrison 1842-1846, Nacogdoches 1837-1846, Upshur 1846-1874

Cass

1846

Red River 1837-1840, Bowie 1840-1846

Cherokee

1846

Nacogdoches 1837-1846

Delta

1870

Red River 1837-1841, Lamar 1841-1870, Red River 1837-1841, Lamar 1841-1846, Nacogdoches 1837-1846, Hopkins 1846-1870

Franklin

1875

Red River 1837-1840, Bowie 1840-1846, Red River 1840-1846, Titus 1846-1875

Gregg

1873

Nacogdoches 1837-1843, Rusk 1843-1873, Shelby 1837-1842, Harrison 1842-1873, Nacogdoches 1837-1846, Upshur 1846-1873

Harrison

1842

Shelby 1837-1842

Henderson

1846

Nacogdoches 1837-1846, Houston 1837-1846

Hopkins

1846

Red River 1837-1841, Lamar 1841-1846, Nacogdoches 1837-1846

Lamar

1841

Red River 1837-1841

Marion

1860

Red River 1837-1840, Bowie 1840-1846, Cass 1846-1860

Morris

1875

Red River 1837-1840, Bowie 1840-1846, Red River 1837-1846, Titus 1846-1875

Nacogdoches

1837

Nacogdoches was one of the parent counties of Northeast Texas created in 1837 by the Republic of Texas. The larger parent county existed under the domain of Spain from the 1700s. After Mexican independence from Spain, Texas was the separate Mexican state of Texas from 1822 to1824 and then part of the state of Coahuila-Texas from 1824 to independence in 1836.

Panola

1846

Shelby 1837-1846, Harrison 1842-1846

Rains

1870

Red River 1837-1841, Lamar 1841-1846, Nacogdoches 1837-1846, Fannin 1838-1846, Henderson 1846-1848, Van Zandt 1848-1850, Hopkins 1846-1870, Hunt 1846-1870, Wood 1850-1870

Red River

1837

Red River was one of the parent counties of Northeast Texas created in 1837 by the Republic of Texas. There was some confusion on the national status of the part of Red River county just south of the Red River due to ambiguities about the treaty line between Spain and the United States. Settlers there in the early 1800s considered themselves residents of Miller County, Arkansas of the United States. For a brief period the capital of Miller County, Arkansas was at Pecan Point south of the Red River in what is now Texas. While jurisdiction was still not clear at the time of the Texas Revolution from Mexico in 1836, a force of men marched southward to aid the Texas army. The Republic of Texas declared its northern border with the United States to reach to the Red River.

Rusk

1843

Nacogdoches 1837-1843

Smith

1846

Nacogdoches 1837-1846

Titus

1846

Red River 1837-1846, Bowie 1840-1846

Upshur

1846

Shelby 1837-1842, Harrison 1842-1846, Nacogdoches 1837-1846

Van Zandt

1848

Nacogdoches 1837-1846, Henderson 1846-1848

Wood

1850

Nacogdoches 1837-1846, Henderson 1846-1848, Van Zandt 1848-1850

Source: Texas Almanac and State Industrial Guide 1980-1981, A. H. Belo Corporation, Dallas, Texas, 1979, Fred Pass, ed.

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