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Northeast Texas Genealogical Library Resources


 19th Century Northeast Texas Settlers' Records

An ancestor who arrived in Texas in the 19th Century overland or by the Red or Sabine rivers passed into or through three of the original counties of the Republic of Texas: Nacogdoches, Red River, or Shelby. The 23 counties of the Northeast Texas area were all formed from those original three.

Into this vast, fertile, and, as one moved southward, heavily-forested region, came the immigrants to what would become the state of Texas. Sometimes the area was the ultimate destination and sometimes just a pause in the journey farther south or west into Texas. These early transplanted Anglo-Americans included settlers, adventurers, and those hungry for free or inexpensive land or power. To the south the main entry was the settlement at Nacogdoches and to the north newcomers crossed the Red River, often at Jonesboro, into Texas. Two historic figures using that northern route were former Tennessee politicians Sam Houston and David Crockett.

The transition of the area from 19th Century homeland of Caddo and associated tribes and the Cherokee and associated tribes to Anglo settlements was complete by 1839 with the defeat of the Cherokee in the Battle of the Neches where Republic of Texas troops defeated an Indian force under Chief Bowl in Henderson and Van Zandt counties.

Because no single large metropolitan area has dominated Northeast Texas, records left by the settlers and their descendants do not reside in one large repository. Instead they are located in public libraries or genealogical and historical society research libraries and courthouses in each of the 23 counties.

As an aid to the researcher living a great distance from a specific county, this site features information on what published or collected records are available at each county's main genealogical library as well as links to online information and resources.

For more historical detail, click this link: The Handbook of Texas Online. Search on the keyword of interest. USE YOUR BROWSER BACK BUTTON to return to this page.

Other Helpful Sites:

(Northeast Texas county-specific library, library catalog, U.S. GenWeb, AHGP, and genealogical and historical society links can be accessed by clicking on the county name to the left.)

· Cyndi's List of Genealogy Sites on the Internet. When in doubt about what to do about genealogy, go to Cyndi's List. On the home page, go to the Texas link for general state links and Locality for specific counties.

· DistantCousin.com. You will find links here to University libraries special collections including some of East Texas. Click on the US States link at the top of the home page. Then select Texas Genealogy.

· Kindred Trails™ Worldwide Genealogy Resources - Linking the World Together with Roots. From the Resources drop-down menu, select locality and then Texas.

· "What's New in Genealogy...Today!" Select U. S. A. at the bottom of the home page and then Texas for general Texas links or to go to a specific county. Lower on the Texas general page are "Related Web Sites." "Links to Texas" has web sites not specific to a county.

· Access Genealogy. A number of Northeast Texas cemeteries are linked to from this site. Select United States Genealogy from the home page and Texas Genealogy from the next page. You will find general Texas record links and some specific links for Northeast Texas counties.

· Linkpendium. Select Texas. You will then have a choice of statewide resources or those of specific counties.

· Howdyyall.com. Links to current cities and towns and counties in the area. Click on upper right portion of the map of Texas to go to the Northeast Texas page.

· East Texas: Backroads, Highways and Byways. Although there are some genealogical links, this is not only a family history site. Much information is available about locations in Northeast Texas today.

· GenealogyWebDirectory.com -  A directory of genealogy resources and services. A large directory of genealogy resources and services covering a wide range of genealogical subjects..


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Email: netexas@gmail.com

This page was last updated on: 09/02/2006