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Researching My Naughton Family Line in Ireland

By

Bill Naughton

Updated August, 2008

E-Mail Address: wmnaughton@netscape.net

I was fortunate in searching for my own Naughton family roots in Ireland. Although my grandfather, Bartly (Bartholomew) Naughton, did not talk much about his youth in Ireland before he died, his death certificate identified his parents as John Naughton and Bridget Brennan. And, fortunately, the LDS International Genealogical Index (IGI) contained references to the baptism of several of my grandfather's siblings in the 1860s--at the Catholic Church of Breedogue and Ballinameen, in Kilnamanagh Parish, County Roscommon. The LDS Family History Center had microfilmed those church records, and I was able to check the original sources.

Local Church Records

The local church records gave me the baptism record of my grandfather, as well as of most of his nine siblings. (His birth/baptism record is shown below.)

I also discovered the family of Bartholomew Naughton and Mary Kenny, living nearby in the same parish, as well as those of other Naughtons. Unfortunately, the church's records did not start until 1859, which prevented me from finding earlier Naughton marriage records. I tried contacting the local priest and searching nearby parishes, but with no success. Nevertheless, the baptism records provided a wealth of information, including the following Naughton families living in the Catholic parish of Breedogue and Ballinameen in the 1860s:

-- My great-grandfather John (married to Bridget Brennan)
-- Bartholomew or Bartly (married to Mary Kenny)
-- A Patrick (married to Eleonor Roddy)
-- A Patrick (married to Honoria Cunningham)
-- A Michael married to Bridget Cunningham)
-- A Bridget Naughton, who married Patrick Harrington in 1865
-- A Bridget Naughton (Cunningham), who married John Lowe in 1878.

These Naughton families had 26 children baptized in the 1860s--four named John, three Thomas, three Bartholomew or Bartly/Bartley, three Michael, three Patrick, five Catherine, two Sabina, one Bridget, one Bernard and one Carol (Charles?).

From those records I tentatively concluded that my great-grandfather John may have had at least three brothers (Bartholomew, Michael and Patrick) and three sisters (Catherine, Bridget and Sabina). These names keep appearing in the family over the years.

Griffith's Valuation of 1857

I turned next to Griffith's Valuation of property throughout Ireland, a survey which was used to establish a tax to support the local poor. The valuation identified both the landowner and the "householder"--the head of the family leasing the property. Since Penal Laws prevented Catholics from owning property, most had to live as tenants of a Protestant landowner, leasing land for farming. For this particular area, Griffith's Valuation was taken in 1857. (The LDS Family History Center had both the valuation and the Index of householders, which helped me identify other Naughton families in the general area.)

In Griffith's, I found my great-grandfather, John Naughton, living in the 126-acre townland of Runnaroddan, which borders on Kingsland in the Civil Parish of Kilnamanagh and the Catholic Parish of Breedogue and Ballinameen. Based on his death record, he had probably been born about 1811 and would have been 46 at the time of the valuation. He was renting a house with an office (outbuilding) next door from John Conmee, who himself was leasing 116 acres of land from Viscount Lorton (Robert Edward King), the local major landowner who gave "Kingsland" its name. John Naughton, in turn, is shown leasing the Kingsland National School to the National Board of Education. (See below.)

"Kingsland: Its People Present and Past"

Through the kindness of Brian Costello, a descendant of John Conmee, and also of my own distant cousin in the area, Hubert Flanagan, I received information from a publication, "Kingsland: Its People Present and Past," which identified my great-grandfather John Naughton as having founded and served for 29 years--from 1848 until 1878--as teacher and Principal of the Kingsland National School. As education expanded in western Ireland, national schools were established in the 1830s and 1840s. Within the parish of Breedogue, the parish priest, Fr. Michael Dillon, led the initiative, and Viscount Lorton supported the effort and selected a good building for the school on property he owned: on the very land where John Naughton was living. This must have been arranged with the prior understanding that my great-grandfather would became the teacher and Principal of the school.

According to the history, John Naughton, as a tenant of Viscount Lorton, had authority to sublease the building, which he did to the Board of Education, but only after it was fitted out as a school. Viscount Lorton--who had played an important role during the famine years in relieving local distress, reducing rents and creating employment--was also generous in outfitting and funding the new school. The school was built of stone and in good condition, with a thatched roof. It consisted of one room measuring 36 feet by 12 feet, with five windows and six benches and many seats. The school was considered adequate for 90 pupils. It opened in 1848 and was approved and registered by the Board of Education on July 5, 1849, thus making it eligible to receive books--on arithmetic, English grammar and spelling--for 100 children and grants to pay the teacher--John Naughton.

My great-grandfather was appointed teacher on the recommendation of Fr. Dillon, and he was the only teacher until 1850, when there were sufficient girls attending school to warrant the appointment of a female teacher. By 1850, Bridget Sharkey was appointed workmistress and, in September 1851, Pat Murrin was appointed monitor. In 1853, Bridget Drury replaced Bridget Sharkey. In later years, a Miss Murray apparently served as assistant teacher. These teaching assistants enabled John Naughton to assume more of the duties of Principal at the school, although he also continued as a teacher. (In addition to basic subjects, so the history tells us, the teachers were expected to instill in the students the importance of order, cleanliness, neatness, decency, honesty and respect for superiors and each other.)

As the history described the arrangement...
"John Naughton must have enjoyed considerable local standing at the time. A man of about 30 years of age, Fr. Dillon was able to vouch for his character and ability. He had no training as a teacher--nor had anybody else at the time--so it must have been very much a trial and error situation. The fact is, nevertheless, that John Naughton served for 29 years until 1878, when he retired due to ill health. He started at a salary of 10 pounds a year which had been raised to 30 pounds when he retired. His retiring gratuity amounted to roughly three years salary or 90 pounds. It is recorded that he had a family of five daughters and four sons [actually, he had six sons--see below] and was attended by Dr. Gillespie, Frenchpark, during his last illness. His teaching career was unblemished except for one minor reprimand [not further explained]."

Local reminiscences of the school give further detail aboout my great-grandfather:

One noted: "Some of the scholars came long distance to be taught. They got a good education and some of them got good jobs.... The teacher who taught in this school was called Master Naughton. He was a lame man. He carried a {walking} stick in school as well as outside. He was a good teacher." Another said: "The (school) had a good attendance of scholars, the Master had the name of being cross with them, but he was a good teacher." And yet another said: "Master Naughton turned out famous scholars and many of them took high positions in Ireland."

Another indication that John Naughton was held in high esteem is found in a report of the Kilnamanagh Famine Relief Committee, dated apparently December 17, 1869, which made recommendations to avert new famine conditions. The Committee was made up of "two or more landholders from every village in the parish--considered to be the most respectable and intelligent." The report identifies the Secretary of that Committee as Matthew Conmee (the son of John Conmee) and one of the two Assistant Secretaries as "Mr. John Naghten."

Living nearby, in the 217-square acre townland of "Tonroe or Feenagh," was Bartly Naughton. Bartly was most likely John's brother, Bartholomew. Based on death records, Bartly was born in 1818 and would have been 39 at the time of Griffith's Valuation. Bartly lived in a house with 19 acres of land, which he rented from Viscount Lorton, and he subleased a house with a garden to Catherine Sparks. Both Runnaroddan and Tonroe or Feenagh were adjacent to Kingsland. (See map, below.)

I found no reference to Patrick and Michael in Griffith's, even though church records showed that they were married and had families living in the local parish. It may be that they were not considered "heads of household" but rather were living with Bartly and his family--or with their father! For I did find another John Naughton, living nearby in the 385-acre townland of Carrowreagh, in Kilnamanagh Parish, a farming and grazing community adjacent to Frenchpark Desmense. He was leasing 41 acres of land from Lord John De Freyne, a major local landowner and descendant of the original French family for whom Frenchpark was named. (See below.) Could he have been the father of John, Bartly and the others--and my great-great-grandfather? I think he was.

The 1834 Tithe Applotment

The Tithe Applotment survey of all landholdings in the area in 1834 moved me back essentially one generation, to when John and Bartly's father would have been identified. On that list was "John Naghten," identified as residing on an original five of those same 41 acres of land in Carrowreagh owned by Lord John De Freyne, Since no other Naughtons were identified as householders nearby in the Tithe Applotment, I reached the conclusion that this John Naughton was most likely my great-great-grandfather.


The 1796 Spinning Wheel Survey

The 1796 Spinning Wheel Survey, which idenntified applicants for awards for growing hemp and flax, enabled me to go back yet another generation. Unfortunately, no Naughtons were listed from areas close to Kilnamanagh Parish. That does not mean that my ancestors were not living there, merely that they did not file applications for awards for growing hemp and flax.

The 1749 Elphin Diocese Survey

The 1749 Elphin Diocese Survey, however, did identify a "B. Naghten" living in the small townland of Toorymartin (also written Torymartin), in Killukin--later called Croghan--Catholic Parish just about four miles east of the Kingsland area. He was identified as a farmer, Catholic, and apparently not yet married. No other information has been found about him, but my assumption is that his name was Bartley and was an ancestor of John's. Toorymartin is just northwest of Killukin on the map below. Trying to learn more about him will be my next project. But, first, more on my great-grandparents: John Naughton and Bridget Brennan.

Below, left, is a map of a part of Kilnamanagh Parish in the mid-1850s; on the right is a modern map of the same general area, showing the location of Carrowreagh, Kingsland, Runnaroddan, Tonroe or Fenagh and Killukin.


The Naughton-Brennan Family

By 1860, John Naughton had married Bridget Brennan, and they were living in the house adjacent to the school. In the accompanying map of the area in the 1850s' time frame, we've located and highlighted the location of the school and the adjacent "Naughton homestead." The history of Kingsland also provided a photo of the original school of the 1850s taken by Seamus Ryan, and the descendant of John Conmee also informed me that the house built on my great-grandfather's property in the 1880s just after he died--along with the original school, since converted into a barn--was recently for sale. Photos of the house and the original school are shown below.

Various Brennan families leased and subleased a number of houses and considerable land for grazing and farming in the area. We find a Patrick, Francis and Cornack Brennan each renting houses in "Tonroe or Green," while Thomas and John Brennan lived in Kilnamanagh, and John Brennan rented land in nearby Derrycough.

In any case, great-grandfather John and Bridget had ten children born in Runnaroddan, with most of them registered as baptized in the Catholic Church of Breedogue and Ballinameen between 1860 and 1870. (At least three daughters--Margaret, Sabina and Bridget--were not included in the local church's list of baptisms.) Following is the list (I kept the official baptism spellings as written in Latin, including the various spellings of Naughton):

-- A John Naghten was born to them on February 12, 1860, with Bridget Cunningham and Patrick Naghten godparents. (This John must have died young since a second John Naghtan was born to the same parents in December, 1868. The tradition was to name the first son after the father's father.)

-- Margaret Naughton possibly a twin of John (based on death records), but she does not appear in the baptism records.

-- Patrick Naughtan, born on February 28, 1861, with Catherine Mulvy and Michael Naghtan godparents.

-- Bartholomew Naghtan, born on February 27, 1863, with Patrick McDermoth and Catherine Sharkey godparents.

-- Michael Naughton, baptized on July 26, 1864, with Mary Kenny and Thomas Connors godparents.

-- Sabina Naughton, born May 12, 1865 (based on her death certificate). She was not listed in the baptism records.

-- Catherine Naghtan, baptized on June 25, 1867.

-- Bridget Naughton, possibly born August 11, 1866, but not listed in the baptism records.

-- A second John Naghtan was baptized on December 3, 1868.

-- Thomas Naghten was born on September 3, 1870, with Sabina Naghten and Jacob Gara godparents.

Assuming that we have identified all of the children and that the family followed traditional Irish custom in naming their children (the first male after the father's father and the second after the mother's father, and the first female after the mother's mother and the second female after the father's mother) this would mean that John's parents were most likely named John and Sabina Naughton, and Bridget's parents were Patrick and Margaret Brennan.

The family apparently grew up in the house--later known as #6, Runnaroddan--next to the National School, where John Naughton continued to teach and serve as Principal. According to land records, the property, as of 1878, consisted of one acre. That was the same year that he retired. He died at the house on December 5, 1881, at the age of 70.

The Naughton Children Immigrate to the United States

From the 1900 U.S. Census, we learn that Michael, Sabina and Bridget emigrated to the United States in 1880, a year before their father died. They apparently settled in Paterson, New Jersey, that same year. They were followed by Bartholomew, in 1883, Catherine (Kate) in 1885, John in 1886, and Thomas in 1888. We don't know when Patrick arrived.

Local property records (Valuation lists or Cancellation Books, which traced ownership and occupancy of property from Grififth's Valuation to modern times) show great-grandmother Bridget Naughton as the "householder" until 1891, when it was turned it over to Matthew Drury and his family. But the records also show that during the ten years between 1881 and 1891, a new house was built on the site--the largest of eight nearby houses--with the old house becoming a separate "office" or outbuilding. (This is the house seen in the photograph.) The 1901 census shows only the Drury family with six children living in the house.

We find no further record of Bridget Naughton, including a death record, in Ireland. However, in tracing ships' manifests, I located my grandfather--I believe--aboard the S.S. "British Prince" that arrived in Philadelphia on April 30, 1883. His name was listed as Bartley Naughton from Ireland, age 18, occupation "laborer." And with him was "Bridget Naughton," 40, occupation "wife." If this was in fact my grandfather, we believe he in fact brought his mother over with him. (The fact that this Bridget was some 32 years younger than John Naughton initially raised questions as to whether we had in fact found her, but we discover, in the 1901 Census, that Bartly Naughton's wife, Mary Kenny, was 26 years younger than her husband. And a wife who gives her age as "40" may simply mean that she is somewhere "in her 40s." So we believe there was a very good chance that this Bridget Naughton was in fact my great-grandmother.

Intriguingly, in Paterson, in 1885, we find Bartley, Michael, Patrick, sister Bridget living in one house, while an "Etta Naughton (widow of John)" and a John Naughton lived nearby. Could "Etta" be "Bridgetta"--my great-grandmother, with her youngest son, who would have been 17 at the time? Very possibly. No such Etta and her husband John were listed living in Paterson in the 1880 census.

The Naughtons in Paterson, N.J.

The Naughton siblings worked mainly in the silk industry in Paterson. My grandfather Bartley married Ellen Walsh, who had immigrated with her family from Lisburn, County Antrim, about 1871. They had five children. Ellen died in 1925. Grandfather died in 1943.

As for Bartley's siblings:
--Margaret died of consumption in 1888.
--Michael died of pneumonia in 1902.
--John died of tuberculosis in 1903.
--Catherine (Mary Kate) married Michael O'Rourke and had four daughters, but both parents died, and, in 1910, we find two daughters, Mary and Monica, being raised by Bridget and Sabina Naughton, who never married--and the two other O'Rourke sisters were living with them as of 1920.
--Bridget died in 1931.
--Sabina died in 1937.
--Patrick's date of death is uncertain.
--Thomas lost an arm in a railraod accident in 1918, but it's uncertain when he died.

We have found no death or burial records for their mother, Bridget--nor for the "Etta Naughton" living in Paterson in 1885. It's possible, as her children became adults, that Bridget--still in her forties--might have remarried. More research is obviously needed.

More details on the Naughtons in Paterson, N.J. may be found in a companion narrative.

The Naughtons Remaining in Ireland

Great-Granduncle Bartly Naughton's Family

John's presumed brother, Bartly Naughton, had married Mary Kenny and had at least nine children:

--Patrick, baptized February 19, 1860, with a Michael Naughton godfather (birth date not given)

--Michael, born May 28, 1862 (and baptized the same day)

--Bartly, baptized January 31, 1865

--Thomas, baptized December 15, 1867

--Marie, baptized in 1869

--Charles, baptized October 23, 1870

--Sabina, baptized December 22, 1872

--Sarah, baptized in 1875, and

--Jacob (James), baptized April 14, 1876

The family continued living in "Tonroe or Feenagh." Once restrictions ended on Catholics owning property, Bartly was able to buy or lease additional farmland in both Tonroe or Feenagh and neighboring Tonroe or Creen. In Tonroe or Feenagh, he lived in a house with 28 acres at #11a, and possessed a house and 17 acres at #13a. He also acquired eight acres at #18, and seven acres at #24 in Tonroe or Creen.

In the 1901 Census, we find Bartly, age 80, living with Mary, 54, and three unmarried sons: Patrick, 36, Thomas, 30, and James, 25. Bartly died of "old age" on June 4, 1906, with his age given as 88. His son Thomas was at his side. From land records, Mary appears to have died the following year.

Following is a summary of what we know about the descendants of Bartly and Mary, as well as related families, based in good part on correspondence I've received from a number of descendants and others who have researched the family. For privacy purposes, I have left off details on descendants who are still alive. My particular thanks to Adrian Stevenson, Erin Sullivan, Jim Walsh, Sarah (Naughton) Kilkenny, Hubert Flanagan, Hilary Cavagnoli, Dennis Naughton, Brendan Naughton and William Coyle--without whose help I could not have provided the following details (The map on the right shows the location of many places mentioned):

Patrick Naughton Patrick, the eldest son, born in 1860, married Nora Beirne and had a son, Bartholomew (Batty), in 1904. This is almost certainly the same family listed in the 1911 Census in Tonroe or Feenagh: Patrick, 48, Norah, 29, and son "Battie," 4. The census indicated that they had been married five years and had had one child. When his father died, Patrick acquired #13a, Tonroe or Feenagh, and #24 in nearby Tonroe or Creen. Patrick died on 30 Dec 1946; Nora died on 11 Sep 1968. They are both buried in Killaraght Cemetery. Batty married Mary Beirne from Finisclin, Kingsland, and had a number of children, including Sarah (Sadie), who provided me valuable information. (Of particular importance, she confirmed that her grandfather, Patrick, was the son of Bartly and Mary Kenny--valuable information since, as shown below, there were other Patrick Naughtons in the immediate area.)

Michael Naughton

Michael, born in 1862, joined the Royal Irish Constabulary (RIC) in 1882 and was assigned to Waterford and subsequently to Wexford. There, in 1889, he married Elizabeth "Bessie" Anderson. Four children were born in Wexford: Mary ("Babs"), John, Michael and Isabella. Michael served as an enumerator in the 1901 Census. Following his retirement in 1907, the family emigrated to Ottawa, Canada, where he may have been employed by the Canadian police, which had been modeled after the RIC and set up by former RIC officers.

Michael and his family traveled back to Ireland a number of times, and Michael and Bessie eventually settled in nearby Boyle. Bessie died in 1948; Michael died in 1955. They are buried in Killaraght Cemetery, with Michael's brother, Patrick and his wife, Nora. A photograph of their headstone is shown below. (Again, it was Sarah who confirmed that this particular Michael was, in fact, her grandfather's brother.)

Bartly Naughton

Bartly Jr. was baptized in January, 1865, but we have no further information on him.

Thomas Naughton

Thomas, born in 1867, became the owner of #11a, Tonroe or Feenagh upon his father's death. He married Mary Jane Beirne in Breedogue in 1912. They had three children:

--Mary Rose "May Rose" (1913-1993) who married John Thomas Dwyer in Breedogue. She was buried in Templeronan, County Roscommon.

--Bertie (1914-1993)

--Benigna (1916-2002)

--Nora "Norie" (1919-1994) married Thomas Dowd in June, 1959, in Breedogue. They had seven children, four of them still living. Thomas died in 2000, and both were buried in Tibohine, Castlerea, County Rosommon

Thomas Naughton died on 10 January, 1958, and is buried in Killaraght Cemetery, along with Mary Jane, who had died on August 19, 1953. Their son Bartholomew (Batty) is buried with them. A photo of their headstone is shown below. For more detailed information on this branch of the family, view the excellent Stevenson Family Tree, which Adrian Stevenson--a grandson of Mary Rose Naughton Dwyer--assembled and which contains detailed information on the descendants of Thomas and Mary Jane Naughton: http://home2.btconnect.com/notlimited/family/index.htm.

Charles Naughton

Charles, who had property in Runnaroddan, married Ellen Keaveney of a well-known local family. The 1911 Census for Runnaroddan identifies Ellen's mother, Ellen "Keveny," age 72, as a widow who had been married for 53 years and had 11 children, 10 of whom were still alive. With her was her daughter, Ellen Naughton, 29, a teacher (at Kingsland National School), and Charles and Ellen's daughter, Mary Imelda Naughton, age 1. (Charles was not mentioned in the census.) Also living there was Ellen's sister Hannagh Keveny, age 24, single and also a teacher at the National School. (Hannagh died about 1987.) Ellen (Keaveney) Naughton died March 25, 1969, and is buried in Killaraght Cemetery. Ellen's daughter, Imelda Naughton (Jones), died April 26, 1991, and is buried with her. Also buried there is a Hanna Naughton McGarry, who died May 31, 1969, and was said to be a sister-in-law of Ellen who married a McGarry.

One of Charles and Ellen's sons apparently moved to Ennis, County Clare, where his son, Brendan Naughton, was born. The last I heard, some years back, Brendan was living in The Netherlands.

Sabina Naughton

Sabina married Bartholomew Keaveney, one of Ellen's brothers. In the 1901 Census, we find them--with the name spelled Keaveny--living in nearby Cloonacarrow:

Bartly Keaveny (40), Farmer/married; Wife: Sabina (25); Children: Mary (3), Sabina (2) and Sarah (8 months).

Marie Naughton

Marie married John Healy. In the 1901 Census, we may have found them (although Marie is identified as Mary and is listed as four years older), living in nearby Ratallen, Kilcolagh Civil Parish: John Healy (36), Farmer/married; Wife Mary (36); Children: Peter (8) scholar, James (6) scholar, John (4), Mary (3) and Kate (1).

Sarah Naughton

Sarah married Michael Craig, but no further information is currently available.

James Naughton

James (Jacob), born in April, 1876, married Bridget Sharkey, who had inherited Callow on the premature death of her brother. They had six children:

--Mary Bridget (1911-1981), who married Pat Jordan, lived in Carrowkeel and had four children.

--John Patrick (1914-1948), who lived in London and later in Dublin. He was described as a man who made friends wherever he went. He died in Dublin of TB at the young age of 34. He was buried in Killaraght Cemetery.

--Sabina Naughton (1915-2003) married James Walsh in London in 1938 and had five children.

--James (1917-1994) who married Patricia Heswell and had one daughter.

--Nicholas (1919-1992) who married Sarah Barrett and took over the Callow homestead. He and Sarah had sixe children: Mary (who died in 1998), Theresa, John, Bernadette (who died in 1966, discussed below), Kevin and Brendan.

--Thomas(1921- ), who married Bridget Theresa Lowe and had five children. He continues to live in the immediate area and is the only surviving member of the Naughton generation.

James Naughton died in 1967. Jim Walsh, a descendant of James and Bridget Naughton through Sabina, has shared the extensive research he has done on this particular branch of the family. William Coyle also provided information on the burial of the families of James, Nicholas and Mary Bridget (Jordan) in Killaraght Cemetery. See below.

Other Nearby Naughton Relatives

Patrick Naughton of Carrowreagh

A Patrick Naughton, born about 1830, was clearly a key relative of the earliest known John Naughton of Carrowreagh of the 1820s--possibly a son and therefore a brother of Bartly and my own great-grandfather, John Naughton. He married Honoria Cunningham. They had the following children's baptisms recorded in the Church of Breedogue and Ballinameen:

--Maria Naughton, born on April 29, 1863 (and baptized May 4, with Bridget Naughton godmother)

--Honoria Naughton, born on December 1, 1864 (and baptized on December 3, with Bartholomew Naughton godfather)

--Bridget Naughton, born in 1865 or 1966

--Catherine Naughton, born on August 27, 1868 (and baptized on August 31, with Bridget Naughton godmother)

--Sabina Naughton, born on July 18, 1869

--Patrick Naughton, born on January 3, 1873 (and baptized the next day), reportedly died about 1973

--John Naughton, born on July 19, 1874.

The only member of this family we have been able to follow is Bridget, who married Luke Hester. Apparently as part of Bridget's dowry, Luke became the new "householder" of some 22 of the original 41 acres leased by John Naughton and which passed to Patrick on his death. Bridget and Luke had at least seven children, and some of their descendants continue to live in the area.

We find them in the 1901 Census living in Carrowreagh: Luke Hester (35) Farmer/married; Wife: Bridget (35); Children: Patrick (11), Winifred (9), Edward (7), Hanoria (5), Mary (3) and Thomas (4 months).

The 1911 Census gives the following information: Luke Hester (46) Farmer; Wife: Bridget (44); Children: Pat (20), Edward (16), Honorah (14), Molly (12), Thomas (10). They were 22 years married, had 6 children and all were alive.

According to the book "Gurteen Co. Sligo - Its People And Its Past," Luke Hester of Carrowreagh died on July 29, 1941; Bridget died May 3, 1964--according to descendants at the age of 99. Their son, Edward Hester, of Mantua(r), died May 3, 1933, and (presumably his wife) Kathleen Hester of Mantua, died July 9, 1917. Their other son, Thomas Hester, of Lurgan, died May 21, 1980. All are buried in Killaraght Cemetery.

Honorah (Nora) Hester married Hubert Brennan and had four daughters, one of whom-- Philomena--was the mother of Hubert Flanagan, who continues to live in the immediate area and has provided invaluable information on the Naughton family. Luke Hester's descendant and namesake, Luke Hester, who lives in the United States, has periodically taken his own family to visit relatives in the immediate area, has also provided very valuable information on this branch of the extended Naughton family in the area.

Michael Naughton of Carrowreagh

Michael Naughton--another possible brother of Bartly--was born about 1830, married Bridget Cunningham, possibly a sister of Honoria. Based on local church records, they had the following children:

--John Naughton, born November 25, 1861 (and baptized the following day, with Bartholomew as godfather)

--Michael Naughton, born in September, 1863

--Thomas Naughton, born in 1865

--Marianne Naughton, born probably in early November, 1867

--Catherine Naughton, born on August 27, 1868 and baptized on the 31st, with a Bridget Naughton as godmother.

No one in this family is readily identifiable in the 1901 Census. Michael reportedly died about 1890. Bridget Cunningham Naughton is said to have died about 1930.

John Naughton of Carrowreagh

We find the family of John Naughton, 35, a farmer, living in Carrowreagh, Kilmanagh Parish, in the 1901 Census. That would make his birth year about 1866. Jim Walsh identifies a John Naughton, born in 1867, as a son of Bartly and Mary Kenny, but gives no further information. There certainly was a time period between Bartly Jr. and Thomas when a son John might have been born. But the fact that this John lived in Carrowreagh suggests that he was more likely the son of another son of John--possibly Michael above, primarily because this John named his first son Michael, but we show Michael having a son John in 1861, thereby requiring that the earlier John had died before 1867.

In any event, in 1901 John was living with his wife Mary (32) and seven children: Michael (14), Mary (13), Ellen (10), Bridget (8), John (4) and Agnes (1).

And, with some variation in the parents' ages (not at all uncommon but giving John a birth year of about 1863), we find the same family living in Carrowreagh in 1911:

John Naughton 48 Farmer

Mary 46 wife

Ellie Kate 20 daughter

Bridget Teresa 18 daughter

John 14 son

Maggie (Agnes?) 11 daughter

They were identified as 25 years married (about 1886) and having had 9 children, of whom 5 were alive. (Michael, who would have been about 24, was not shown living with them.)

Headstones in Killaraght Cemetery list a John and Mary Naughton of Carrowreagh buried there--John died on March 21, 1947 and Mary on April 10, 1945--along with a son John, who died February 20, 1971, and a daughter Agnes, who died December 17, 1959. This is clearly the same family. (Hubert Flanagan informs me that the John who died in 1947 was a first cousin to his grandmother, Bridget Naughton Hester, and they lived next door to each other; and that Mary was a Keaveney and that their son, John, was a teacher at a private school in Boyle.) This Carrowreagh John is certainly part of our Naughton family, but his direct connection is not yet clear.

Naughtons From Nearby Tartan

The 1901 Census also lists the family of Patrick Naughton, age given as 54, living in the townland of Tartan in nearby Kilmacumsy Parish, just east of Mantua on the map and a few miles southeast of Kingsland. Clearly they are related to my own Kingsland/Carrowreagh Naughtons. Pat was listed as a farmer and married to Ellen, age 50, with three sons--John, 30, Patt, 21, and Matt, 18--as well as a daughter, Ellen, age 7, a "scholar."

We find them still in Tartan in the 1911 Census, with Patt Jr. missing and John and Matt identified as both single. The father is also identified as being 71, bringing the possible range of his birth to between 1840 and 1847. The census added that Patrick and Ellen were 44 years married, had 7 children and all 7 were alive.

Griffith's Valuation of 1857 showed a Winifred Naughton living in Tartan, indicating that she could have been Patrick's mother or aunt.

Recent separate correspondence with Hilary Cavagnoli of Liverpool and Dennis Naughton of Vermont--unacquainted with each other--has enabled me not only to learn more about this Naughton family but to introduce the two "distant" cousins to each other.

As it turns out, this is the family of Patrick Naughton and Ellen Roddy, whose records in the Church of Breedogue and Ballinameen showed at least four--most likely five--children baptized between 1860 and 1880, when the records ceased:

--John, baptized April 4, 1869

--Mary, born December 26, 1873

--Bernard, born July 10, 1876

--Patrick, born September 27, 1879

--Thomas Naughton, baptized January 8, 1871, was identified as the son of "Bartholomei Naughten and Eleonorae Roddy," but this was clearly a misidentification of Patrick as Bartholomew--possibly because Bartholomew was present as a witness.

Hilary confirmed that the family had at least seven children:

--Tom, who left Liverpool and went to Boston, Massachusetts, with his family,

--John, who was born blind and never left home,

--Bernard (her grandfather) who left Ireland for Liverpool at the age of fourteen and

--Pat, who followed his brother Pat--initially lodging with the Roddys who had already established themselves in Liverpool,

--Mary who married a man named Rouen (spelling?) and had three daughters,

--Matt, who never left Ireland and died in 1973, and

--Ellen (Nellie), who married John Joe Casserley.

Dennis added that the above-mentioned Tom was his grandfather, who had married Mary Dyer of Liverpool, had four children in England, and took his family to the United States in 1909, settling in Waltham. Dennis mentioned that some of his aunts had traveled to Liverpool on occasion to visit the family. And Hilary confirmed that she had in fact met one of them. Small world!

Dennis added that his grandparents had five children in all and that his grandfather died in Waltham in 1960. His death record confirmed that he was the son of Patrick Naughton and Eleanor (or Mary) Roddy of County Roscommon.

But how were they related to my Naughtons? Since we've already confirmed a different Patrick as brother to Bartly and one as either Bartly's uncle or cousin, my assumption has to be that this Patrick was another cousin or uncle of Bartly and of my own great-grandfather John Naughton. Since Griffith's Valuation identified only the "householder," any relatives living with them were not listed in the survey. This Patrick Naughton may have been too young and therefore living with a relative, and was not listed in the survey. But this family was clearly closely related to the other Naughton families in the immediate area.

Another Naughton Family in the Frenchpark Area

Anita Humpage queried a few years back about her own Naughton ancestors from Frenchpark from the early-to-late 1800s. I was totally intrigued, since many Frenchpark records, including church records, are not readily available. But Frenchpark is not only a specific village and estate of the Ffrench family--the Barons de Freyne--near Carrowreagh and Kingsland but also a Catholic Church parish and an extensive Barony within County Roscommon. Yet, you would expect that the various Naughton families in the more immediate area were all related.

Anita's search was for Malachy Joseph Naughton, born about 1820, who married Mary Casserly (Caveny) and had five children: Patrick Joseph (born about 1845?), John, Catherine, Margaret and Mary.

-- Patrick Joseph married Ann Smith and emigrated to the United States in 1860.

-- John married Anna Quinn.

-- Catherine married Patrick Butler.

-- Margaret married Patrick Kane.

-- Mary married Martin Kane and remained in Ireland.

Anita has details on the family in the United States but is searching for more information on the family in Frenchpark, especially Malachy Joseph.

Griffith's Valuation shows no Malachy Joseph Naughton, nor any other Naughtons in the nearby Frenchpark area other than my own ancestors. Nor does the 1901 Census show a Martin-Mary Kane family nor any of the others who may have remained in the area at the time. The closest is a Margaret Kane, widow, age 62, living in Caldragh, in Kilmacumsy Parish, Frenchpark Barony, with two children: Roseann (35) and Patrick (30). Caldragh is not far from Tartan, so there is some possibility of a family connection with the Tartan Naughtons mentioned above, as well as my Naughtons. More research is obviously needed.

The Harrington Family in Nearby Ardkeenagh

Local church records had shown a Bridget Naughton marrying Patrick Harrington in 1865. The 1901 Census finds a Bridget Harrington, widow, age 50, living in nearby Ardkeenagh, Estersnow Parish, with the following children: Mary (28), Thomas (18), Maggie (16), scholar, and Jane (13) scholar. But it's uncertain that this Bridget was the same Bridget Naughton unless she "rounded" her age downward for the census--not an uncommon practice.

The Lowe Family in Carrowreagh

Local church records had shown a Bridget Naughton (Cunningham) marrying a John Lowe in 1878. The 1901 Census shows a Bridget Lowe, then age 69, living alone in Carrowreagh, as a cottier. Whether this is the same Bridget Naughton is uncertain.

Naughtons Buried in Killaraght Cemetery

Following, through the particular kindness of William Coyle and Hubert Flanagan, is a list of Naughton headstones from Killaraght Cemetery, just northwest of Runnaroddan but officially in County Sligo:

Thomas Naughton and Mary J. Beirne Naughton, and son Bartholomew

Headstone 1:

Mary J. Naughton, Tonroe, who died Aug. 19th, 1953, her husband, Thomas Naughton, died Jan. 10th, 1958, their son, Bartholomew, who died Nov. 24th, 1993. (As described above, Thomas was a son of Bartly Naughton and Mary Kenny, and his wife was Mary J. Beirne Naughton.)



Michael Naughton and Elizabeth Anderson Naughton

Patrick Naughton and Nora Beirne Naughton and son Batty and his wife Mary

Headstone 2:

Elizabeth Naughton, Boyle, who died Nov. 29th, 1948, her husband, Michael

Naughton, who died Jan. 15th, 1955. Patrick Naughton, Tonroe, who died Dec. 30th, 1946, his wife, Nora, who died Sept. 11th, 1968, their son, Batty, who died Nov. 27th, 1968, and Batty's wife, Mary, who died Dec. 2nd, 1998. The photograph of the headstone on the right was taken before Mary's death.

Batty and Mary's children recently published a memorial notice in honor of their parents. (Their daughter, Sarah (Naughton) Kilkenny, informed me that Mary's maiden name was Beirne and that she was from Finisclin, Kingsland, and that Patrick--her grandfather--was Bartly's son who was born in 1860, discussed earlier. (She further confirmed that Michael Naughton was her grandfather's brother.)



James Naughton and Bridget Sharkey Naughton and Family

Headstone 3:

James Naughton, who died June 1st, 1967, his wife, Bridget, who died Dec. 17th, 1927, their son, John, who died Aug. 12th, 1948, their grandaughter, Bernadette Naughton (who died in a bicycle accident in Frenchpark on Nov. 15th, 1966), and Margaret Josephine Naughton, not otherwise identified, who died in February 1957.

A plot adjoining Headstone 3 lists Nicholas Naughton from Callow, Frenchpark, who is obviously James and Bridget's son, who died Feb. 11th, 1992, also with a marking identifying his daughter, Bernadette, who died Nov. 15, 1966. (Nicholas died at the age of 72. The headstone was erected by Nicholas's wife, Sara. A smaller plaque at this site, erected by Nicholas's family, mentioned the names Mary, Teresa, John, Brendan and Kevin. Nicholas's sister, Mary Bridget Naughton, had married a man named Jordan and is buried in the adjacent Jordan Family Plot with her husband.)

John and Mary Keaveney Naughton of Carrowreagh

Separately is a gravestone for John Naughton, Carrowreagh (almost certainly the same John listed in the 1901 census), who died Mar. 21, 1947, his wife, Mary, who died April 10, 1945, their son, John, who died Feb. 20, 1971, and his wife, Agnes, who died Dec. 17, 1959. (Hubert Flanagan informs me that the John who died in 1947 was a first cousin to his grandmother, Bridget (Naughton) Hester, and they lived next to each other. Mary was a Keaveney, and their son, John, was a teacher at a private school in Boyle. John and Mary also had three more girls and another son.)

Ellen Keaveney Naughton of Kingsland

Another grave listing is for Ellen Naughton, who had married Charles Naughton and was the school teacher at Kingsland School. She died Mar. 25th, 1969. Also buried there was Ellen's daughter, Imelda (Naughton} Jones, April 26,1991, as well as Hanna (Naughton) McGarry, May 31, 1969, said to be a sister-in-law of Ellen who married a McGarry.


The above summarizes what information I've been able to discovered so far, with the help of many others, about my ancestors and their relatives in Ireland. This is a project that will continue to expand as new information becomes available. I would be delighted to receive comments and suggestions from readers, as well as leads which will help me in this endeavor. All contributions will be credited. Just e-mail me at wmnaughton@netscape.net.

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