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National Archives Resources

Revised: May  09, 1996
Revised: Jan. 29, 1996
Revised: Aug. 18, 1995
Created: Jul. 04, 1993
By: Paul R. Sarrett, Jr.



Tracing your family history can be especially difficult if you are trying to locate Native American Indian ancestors. There are several types of records at the National Archives -- Pacific Southwest Region which might be applicable to your research. Most records in the National Archives about Native American Indians are in the Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) Record Group 75.


1. A Native American Indian ancestor is like any other beginning search for your ancestors. However, these additional Guides are helpful. Use 10 year periods starting with the Federal Census 1920 and working back in time.

1.a 1920 Census; T-625, 8,585 rolls, Native American Indians may be identified as Black, Indian, Other, or white.
1.b 1910 Census; T-624, 1,784 rolls, Indian Schedules are at the end of the identified Enumeration District ED (Use the Federal Census Index Books for ED of County of Residence.)
1.c 1900 Census; T-623, 1,854 rolls, Same as 1910; in addition a separate Indian Territory Schedule is at the end of the Soundex Index (T-1082). Use Soundex Code. This lists members of the Five Civilized Tribes as well as Whites and Blacks living in the Indian Territory. (See Vol. II KAY KIRKMAN gives Tribe, State, County and Sheet number for this 1900 Census.)
1.d 1880 Census; T-9, 1,454 rolls, Check Federal Territorial Census rolls using the names and locations found in the Indian Rolls. (Note the 1880 Indian Schedules for this Federal Census were destroyed.)


2. Was your Native American Indian ancestor officially enrolled as a member of one of the tribes known as the Five Civilized Tribes (CHEROKEE, CHICKASWA, CHOCTAW, CREEK, or SEMINOLE)

The following Census Rolls may be of use to you as these publications have Census information for Cherokees and their direct descendants who settled in Southern MISSOURI, between the ARKANSAS and the White Rivers, or just East of the Mississippi River prior to the Treaty of New Echota, Dec. 29, 1835

NARS Microfilm Publication: Record Group 75. T-496 Census Roll of Cherokee Indians East of the Mississippi - 1835 & Index to the Roll.

Also called the (THE HENDERSON ROLL) This 1835 Census list some 1,959 persons of the Cherokee Nation in North Carolina, Tennessee, Alabama, and Georgia; With 68 pages, it request information of: head of families (Indian, half-breeds, quadroons, and whites); residence (State, county, and watercourse); males (under eighteen and over eighteen); females (under sixteen and over sixteen); slaves (male, female, and total slaves); total Cherokees, wives connected by marriage; farms; acres in cultivation; housing; bushels of wheat raised; bushels of corn raised; bushels of wheat sold; for how much; bushels of corn sold; for how much; bushels of corn bought; for how much; mills; ferryboats; farmers over eighteen; merchants over eighteen; readers of English; readers of Cherokee; half-breeds; quadroons; full-blooded; mixed Catawbas; mixed Spaniards; mixed Negroes; weavers; spinsters (operators of spinning wheels; reserves; descendants of reserves; and remarks.

The Index is alphabetized, but the actual schedules are very faint. The ink is so faded that it is best read using the Zoom lens the Magnifier type Reader. Even printed copies do not help even when a yellow underliner pen is used. Note that at the top of each schedule page is the County, State and beside each name entry is the township or watercourse in which the tribe member resides.

NARS Microfilm Publication: T-985 1851 Old Settler Census Roll of 1895 & Index to Payment Roll, 1896 (2 Reels) This Census is based on Cherokee who had migrated to the Western Indian Territory Prior to the New Echota Treaty of 1835 This Payroll is based on the 1851 Old Settler Roll and is a major genealogical importance. The names of those still living in 1896 in the Western Indian Territory are listed first, followed by those who had died and their heirs, and each heir's relationship. The Payroll list each Payee's 1851 roll number, name agency pay number, age, sex, amount received, and post office address.

NARS Microfilm Publication: Record Group 75 M-529 Final Rolls of Citizens and Freemen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory (as Approved by the Secretary of the Interior On or before 04 Mar. 1907, With Supplements Dated 25 Sep. 1914) (Cabinet #25, 3 Rolls)

This record is what is commonly referred to as the DAWES ROLLS. They are frequently used by researchers who are trying to provide acceptable Proof of Native American Indian ancestry from one of the Five Civilized Tribes. These rolls are arranged by Name of Tribe, thereunder by separate categories for citizens by Blood, Citizens by Marriage, and Freedmen. Most of these rolls give Name; Age; Sex; Degree of Blood; and the Roll and Census-Card number for each individual. In order to research your Indian ancestor requires scanning the entire roll for his or her Tribe, because the entries are arranged numerically order in which the citizen was entered.


An act of Congress approved Mar. 03, 1893 [27 Sta. 656], authorized the establishment of the Commission to negotiate agreements with the Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Creek, and Seminole tribes providing for the dissolution of the tribal governments and the allotment of land to each tribal member. Senator HENRY L. DAWES of Massachusetts was appointed Chairman of this Commission on Nov. 01, 1893, after which it has commonly been referred to as the DAWES COMMISSION.

The DAWES COMMISSION was authorized by an act of Congress approved Jun. 28, 1898 [30 Stat. 495] to prepare citizenship (tribal membership) rolls for each tribe. These final rolls were the basis for allotment. Under this act, subsequent acts, and resulting agreements negotiated with each tribe, the DAWES COMMISSION received applications for membership covering more than 250,000 people and enrolled more than 101,000. The tribal membership rolls were closed on Mar. 05, 1907, by act of Congress approved on Apr. 26, 1906 [34 Stat. 370], although an additional 312 persons were enrolled under an act approved Aug. 01, 1914.

The DAWES COMMISSION enrolled individuals as Citizens of a tribe under the following categories: Citizen by Blood; Citizen by Marriage; New Born Citizen by Blood (enrolled under act of Congress approved Mar. 03, 1905); Minor Citizens by Blood (enrolled under act of Congress approved Apr. 06, 1906); Freedmen (former black slaves of Indians, later freed and admitted to tribal citenship); New Born Freedmen; and Minor Freedmen; Delaware Indians adopted by the Cherokee tribe were enrolled as a seperate group within the Cherokee.

Within each enrollment category the generally DAWES COMMISSION maintained three (3) types of card: Straight cards for persons whose applications were Approved; D cards for persons whose applications were considered Doubtful, and subject to question; and R cards for persons whose applications were Rejected. Persons listed on D cards were subsequently transferred to either Straight or R cards depending on the DAWES COMMISSION decisions. All decisions of the DAWES COMMISSION were sent to the Secretary of the Interior for final approval.

An enrollment card, sometimes referred to by the DAWES COMMISSION as a census card, records the information provided by the individual applications submitted by members of the same family group or household and includes notation of the action taken. The information given for each applicant includes name; roll number (individual's number if enrolled); age; sex; degree of Indian blood; relationship to the head of family group; parents names; and references to enrollment on earlier rolls used by the DAWES COMMISSION for verification of eligibility.

Reel Description / Category   		Census Card Number
1    Index to Final Rolls
2    Cherokee By Blood                          0001-0805
3    Cherokee By Blood             		0806-1645
4    Cherokee By Blood             		1646-2461
5    Cherokee By Blood             		2462-3293
6    Cherokee By Blood             		3294-4027
7    Cherokee By Blood             		4028-4847
8    Cherokee By Blood             		4848-5661
9    Cherokee By Blood             		5662-6303
10   Cherokee By Blood             		6304-7140
11   Cherokee By Blood             		7141-7961
12   Cherokee By Blood             		7962-8794
13   Cherokee By Blood             		8795-9634
14   Cherokee By Blood             		9635-10461
15   Cherokee By Blood             		10462-11132
16   Cherokee Minors By Blood      	        001-824
17   Cherokee Minors By Blood      	        825-1582
18   Cherokee Minors By Blood      	        1583-2331
19   Cherokee Minors By Blood      	        2332-3034
20   Cherokee Minors               		3035-3684
21   Cherokee Minors               		3685-4005

22   Delaware Indians              		1-382
22   Delaware Indians              		D1-D50
22   Delaware Indians              		R1-R5
22   Cherokee By Marriage          	       1-188
23   Cherokee By Marriage          		189-288
23   Cherokee Freedmen             		1-382
24   Cherokee Freedmen             		383-814
25   Cherokee Freedmen             		815-1231
26   Cherokee Freedmen             		1232-1595
26   Cherokee Freedmen Minors      	        1-93
27   Cherokee Freedmen Minors      		94-542
27   Cherokee                      		D1-D267
28   Cherokee                      		D268-D1062
29   Cherokee                      		D1063-D1879
30   Cherokee                      		D1880-D2711
31   Cherokee                      		D2712-D3207
31   Cherokee                      		R1-R336
32   Cherokee                      		R337-R1168
33   Cherokee                      		R1169-R1231
33   Cherokee Freedmen             		D1-D388
34   Cherokee Freedmen             		D389-D811
35   Cherokee Freedmen             		D812-D1225
36   Cherokee Freedmen   			D1226-D1342
36   Cherokee Freedmen   			R1-R304
37   Cherokee Freedmen   			R305-R730
38   Cherokee Freedmen   			R731-R1276
39   Choctaw By Blood    			1-858
40   Choctaw By Blood    			859-1718
41   Choctaw By Blood    			1719-2575
42   Choctaw By Blood    			2576-3426
43   Choctaw By Blood    			3427-4287
44   Choctaw By Blood    			4288-5140
45   Choctaw By Blood    			5141-5994
46   Choctaw By Blood    			5995-6109
46   Choctaw New Born By Blood     		1-746
47   Choctaw New Born By Blood     		747-1538
47   Choctaw Minor By Blood   			1-73
48   Choctaw Minor By Blood   			74-914
49   Choctaw Minor By Blood   			915-1325
49   Choctaw Freedmen    			1-225
50   Choctaw Freedmen    			1226-659
51   Choctaw Freedmen    			660-1098
52   Choctaw Freedmen    			1099-1540
53   Choctaw Freedmen    			1541-1602
53   Choctaw Minor Freedmen   			1-521
53   Choctaw   					D1-D238
54   Choctaw   					D239-D1009
54   Choctaw   					R1-R105
55   Choctaw   					R106-R756
55   Choctaw Freedmen    			D1-D111
56   Choctaw Freedmen    			D112-D234
56   Choctaw Freedmen    			R1-R45
56   Mississippi Choctaw By Blood  		1-540
57   Mississippi Choctaw By Blood  		541-918
57   Mississippi Choctaw,Minor By Blood    	1-372
57   Mississippi Choctaw Identified     	1-11
57   Mississippi Choctaw Field Cards    	1-110
58   Mississippi Choctaw Field Cards    	111-564
58   Mississippi Choctaw      			D1-D74
58   Mississippi Choctaw      			R1-R351
59   Mississippi Choctaw      			R352-R1215
60   Mississippi Choctaw      			R1216-R2107
61   Mississippi Choctaw      			R2108-R3016
62   Mississippi Choctaw      			R3107-R3911
63   Mississippi Choctaw      			R3912-R4811
64   Mississippi Choctaw      			R4812-R5713
65   Mississippi Choctaw      			R5714-R6622
66   Mississippi Choctaw      			R6623-R7466
67   Chickasaw By Blood       			1-662
68   Chickasaw By Blood       			663-1424
69   Chickasaw By Blood       			1425-1850
69   Chickasaw New Born By Blood   		1-331
70   Chickasaw New Born By Blood   		332-553
70   Chickasaw Minor By Blood      		1-469
70   Chickasaw Freedmen       			1-35
71   Chickasaw Freedmen       			36-415
72   Chickasaw Freedmen       			416-799
73   Chickasaw Freedmen       			800-1178
74   Chickasaw Freedmen       			1179-1522
74   Chickasaw Freedmen, Minor     		1-84
75   Chickasaw Freedmen, Minor     		85-517
75   Chickasaw Freedmen       			D1-D130
75   Chickasaw Freedmen       			R1-R9
75   Chickasaw      				R1-R57
76   Chickasaw      				R58-R111
76   Chickasaw, Cancelled     			1-219
76   Chickasaw      				D1-D455
77   Creek By Blood      			1-662
78   Creek By Blood      			663-1398
79   Creek By Blood      			1399-2125
80   Creek By Blood      			2126-2867
81   Creek By Blood      			2868-3611
82   Creek By Blood      			3612-4059
82   Creek, New Born By Blood      		1-289
83   Creek, New Born By Blood      		290-1171
84   Creek, Minor By Blood    			1-668
85   Creek Freedmen      			1-358
86   Creek Freedmen      			359-740
87   Creek Freedmen      			741-1081
88   Creek Freedmen      			1082-1456
89   Creek Freedmen      			1457-1833
90   Creek Freedmen      			1834-1917
90   Creek Freedmen, New Born, By Blood      	1-468
91   Creek Freedmen, New Born, By Blood      	469-748
91   Creek Freedmen, Minor, By Blood    	1-435
92   Seminole By Blood 				1-607
92   Seminole Freedmen 				608-670
93   Seminole Freedmen 				671-855
93   Seminole, New Born, By Blood       	1-181
93   Seminole Freedmen 				1-R5
93   Seminole, New Born Freedmen 		1-91

NARS Microfilm Publication: M-1186.1 Index on Reel 1 for the Final Rolls of Citizens and Freemen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory (as Approved by the Secretary of the Interior On or before 04 Mar. 1907, With Supplements Dated 25 Sep. 1914) Use this name Index to find the Application number for the MILLER ROLLS.

NARS Microfilm Publication: M-685 Records Relating to Enrollment of Eastern Cherokees by Guion Miller 1908-1910 (Cabinet #25, 12 Reels, Index on Reel 1) These records deserve special attention. They are frequently referred to as the GUION MILLER ROLLS, after Guion Miller who, after 1906, was appointed by the U.S. Court of Claims to determine who was eligible to participate in a fund awarded to persons who were Eastern Cherokees at the time of the Treaties of 1835-36 and 1845 or to their descendants. There was a supplement report of 1910. They consist of 29 volumes with 10 volumes of transcripts of testimony, arranged chronologically; a report dated 05 Jan. 1910 concerning exceptions to findings; a printed copy of the completed roll with two 1910 supplements; copies of the DRENNEN & CHAPMAN report, with index; and the Old Settlers roll of 1851-52 with index. (See also U.S. Court of Claims, Record Group 123)
M-685, Reel 1. General Index to Eastern Cherokee Applications, Vol. 1 and 2.
Report Submitted by GUION MILLER, Special Commissioner, May 28, 1909

   Volume    Applications
M-685, Reel 2.      1 and 2 1 - 6,000
M-685, Reel 3.      3 and 4     6,001 - 16,000
M-685, Reel 4.      5 to  7    16,001 - 31,000
M-685, Reel 5.      8 to 10    31,001 - 45,857
M-685, Reel 6. Roll of Eastern Cherokee, May 28, 1909, 
and Report on Preparations, With Supplemental Roll, Jan. 05, 1910
Miscellaneous Testimony Taken Before Special Commissioners, Feb. 
1900 Mar. 1909
M-685, Reel 7.      Volume 1 and 2
M-685, Reel 8.      Volume 3 and 4
M-685, Reel 9.      Volume 5 and 6
M-685, Reel 10.     Volume 7 and 8
M-685, Reel 11.     Volume 9 and 10

M-685, Reel 12. Indexes and Rolls of Eastern Cherokee Indians, 
1850, 1854, and 1884
Includes Miscellaneous Notes and Drafts.
Item 1. Combined Index of Eastern Cherokee Rolls of 1851, 
        by CHAPMAN & DRENNEN, Vol. 1. A-L, Vol. 2. M-Z.
Item 2. THE CHAPMAN ROLL (1852), Listed by County, Name, 
        Age, Relationship of Family.
Item 3. THE DRENNEN ROLL, (1851) of Eastern Cherokee Indians 

Living West of the Mississippi River. Listed by County, Name, Age, Relationship of Family.


These 12 Reels of Microfilm (NAMP-M-685) are the reproduced reports and records of Special Commissioner GUION MILLER. In 1906 Mr. MILLER was appointed by the U.S. Court of Claims to determine who was eligible for funds under the treaties of 1835-36 and 1845 between the United States and the Eastern Cherokees. Mr. Miller submitted his report and roll on May 28, 1909, and submitted a supplementary report and roll on Jan. 05, 1910.

An Act of Congress approved Jul. 01, 1902 (32 Stat. 726), gave the Court of Claim jurisdiction over any claim arising under treaty stipulations that the Cherokee tribe, or any band thereof, might have against the United States and over any claims that the United States might have against any Cherokee tribe or band. Suit for such a claim was to be instituted within two (2) years after the act was approved. as a result, three suits where brought before the court concerning grievance existing out of the treaties. These suits were:

  (1) The Cherokee Nation vs. The United States, General Jurisdiction 
       Case No. 23199;
  (2) The Eastern and Emigrant Cherokee vs. The United States, 
       General Jurisdiction Case No. 23212;
  (3) The Eastern Cherokee vs. The United States, General 
       Jurisdiction Case No. 23214.

On May 18, 1905, the United States Supreme Court decided in favor of the Eastern Cherokees and instructed the Secretary of the Interior to ascertain and identify the persons entitled to participate in the distribution of more than 1 Million dollars appropriated by Congress on Jun. 30, 1906, for use in payment of the claims. The task of compiling a roll of eligible persons was begun by GUION MILLER, then Special Agent of the Interior Department. In a decree of Apr. 29, 1907, the U.S. Supreme Court renounce part of its earlier decision that gave the Secretary of the Interior responsibility for determining the eligibility of claimants and appointed Mr. MILLER as a Special Commissioner of the Court of Claims.

This Apr. 29, 1907 decree also provided that the 1 Million dollars fund was to be distributed to all Eastern and Western Cherokee Indians who were still alive on May 28, 1906, and who could establish the fact that at the time of the treaties (1835, some 70 years earlier? ..prs) they were members of the Eastern Cherokee Tribe of Indians or were descendants of such persons, and that they had NOT been affiliated with any tribe of Indians other than the Eastern Cherokee or the Cherokee Nation. The decree further provided that claimants should already have applications on file with the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, or should file such applications with the new Special Commissioner of the Court of Claims on or before Aug. 31, 1907 (Some 3 months timeline. ..prs) Also according to this revised Apr. 29, 1906 decree the U.S. Supreme Court determined that all applications for Minors and persons of unsound Minds were to be filed by their parents or persons having their care in custody, and for persons who have had died after May 28, 1906 were to be filed by their children or legal representatives.

(See the three page Application Form # 6-624)
No. _______
   For share of money appropriated for the Eastern Cherokee 

Indians by Act of Congress approved June 30, 1906, in accordance with the decrees of the Court of Claims of May 18, 1905, and May 28, 1906. 6-624

Commissioner of Indian Affairs,
Washington, D.C.

I hereby make application for such shares as may be due me of the fund appropriated by the Act of Congress approved June 30, 1906, in accordance with the decrees of the Court of Claims of May 18, 1905, and May 28, 1906, in favor of the Eastern Cherokees.

The evidence of identity is herewith subjoined.
   1. State full name ________________________________________
      English name: _________________________________________
      Indian name: __________________________________________
   2. Residence: ___________________________________________
   3. Town and Post Office: __________________________________
   4. County: ______________________________________________
   5. State: _______________________________________________
   6. Date and place of birth: _________________________________
   7. By what right do you claim to share? If you claim through  
      more than one relative lining in 1851, set forth each claim 
   8. Are you married? _________________________________________     
   9. Name and age of wife or husband: ___________________________          
   10. Give names of your father and mother's name before marriage:
   Father - English name: ________________________________________
     Indian name: _______________________________________________
   Mother - English name: ________________________________________
     Indian name: _______________________________________________
     Maiden name: ______________________________________________
   11. Where were they born?
     Father: ____________________________________________________
     Mother: ____________________________________________________
   12. Where did they reside in 1851, if living at that time?
     Father: _____________________________________________________
     Mother: _____________________________________________________
   13. Date of death of your father and mother -
     Father: ______________________________________________________
     Mother: ______________________________________________________
                                                     Page 1 (6-621)
   14. Were they ever enrolled for annuities, land, or 
      other benefits? If so, state when and where __________________
   15. Name all your brothers and sisters, giving 
       ages, and if not living, then the date of death:
        Name:           Born:      Died:
   (1.) __________      _____     _____
   (2.) __________      _____    _____
   (3.) __________      _____     _____
   (4.) __________     _____      _____
   (5.) __________     _____      _____
   (6.) __________     _____      _____
   16. State English and Indian names of your grandparents 
   on both father's and mother's side, if possible:
   Father's Side                    Mother's Side
   17. Where were they born? _______________________________________
   18. Where did they reside in 1851, if living at that time? _____
   19. Give names of all their children, and residence, 
       if living, if not living, give dates of deaths:
   (1) English name: _____________________________________________
     Indian name: ________________________________________________
     Residence: _________________________________________________
   (2) English name: _____________________________________________
     Indian name: _______________________________________________
     Residence: ________________________________________________
   (3) English name: ____________________________________________
     Indian name: _______________________________________________
     Residence: _________________________________________________
   (4) English name: _______________________________________________
     Indian name: __________________________________________________
     Residence: ___________________________________________________
   (5) English name: _______________________________________________
     Indian name: _________________________________________________
     Residence: __________________________________________________
   20. Have you ever been enrolled for annuities, land, 
       or other benefits? If so, state when and where:
                                                     Page 2 (6-621)
   21. To expedite identification, claimant should give 
       the full English and Indian names, if possible, of their 
       parental and maternal ancestors back to 1835:
   (Under this head the applicant may give any additional 
   information that he believes will assist in proving his claims.)
   NOTE: -- Answers should be brief but explicit; the 
   words "Yes," "No," "Unknown", etc. may be 
   used in cases where applicable. Read the Questions carefully.

   I solemnly swear that the forgoing statements made 
   by me are true to the best of my knowledge and belief.
   (Signature,) _________________________________________________

   Subscribed and sworn to before me this _____ day 
   of _____, 190_.
   My Commission expires
   Notary Public.

(The following affidavit must be sworn to by two or more witnesses who are well acquainted with the applicant.) Personally appeared before me ____________________ and ____________________, who, being duly sworn, on oath depose and say that they are well acquainted with ____________________, who makes the foregoing application and statements, and have known _____ for _____ years and _____ years, respectively, and know _____, to be the identical person _____ represents _____ to be, and the statements made by _____ are true, to the best of their knowledge and belief, and they have no interest whatever in _____ claim.

Witnesses to mark Signature of witnesses.
   _______________ ________________
   Subscribed and sworn to before me this _____ day 
   of _____, 190_.
   Subscribed and sworn to before me this _____ day 
   of _____, 190_.
   My Commission expires
   Notary Public.

NOTE. - Affidavits should be made, when ever practicable, before public, clerk of the court, or before a person having a seal. If sworn to before an Indian agent or disbursing agent of the Indian service, it need not be executed before a notary, etc.

                                                   Page 3 (6-621)

Some three years later Mr. G. MILLER in his May 28, 1909 reported that 45,847 separate applications had been filed, representing a total of some 90,000 individual claimants, of which 30,254 were enrolled as entitled to share in the 1 Million Dollar fund. Some 3,203 Cherokee's were residing in the East and 27,051 were residing West of the Mississippi River.

This writer does not understand Mr. G. MILLER's mathematics. Did he mean that out of 90,000 claimants, he received 45,847 applications and that 44,153 (90,000 less 45,847 = 44,153) were already on the Cherokee rolls? Was the 30,254 the result of the 45,847 applications which 15,593 were rejected? (34%) Was the result $30,254 per claimant or $7,44.07 per claimant?.

On Jun. 10, 1909, the U.S. supreme Court confirmed and approved Mr. G. MILLER's rolls of the Eastern Cherokees who were entitled to share in the distribution of the fund. The Court also decreed so much as shall be expected [excepted] to on or before Aug. 30, 1909.

On Jan. 05, 1910, some 6 months later Mr. G. MILLER investigated the exceptions and submitted a Supplemental Report and Roll. In this report he stated about 11,750 exceptions had been made; that some 620 persons, of which 238 resided in the East and 372 resided West of the Mississippi River.
From this writers calculations from the 90,000 original claimants only 30,820 (34.2%) were entitled.

On Mar. 15, 1910 the U.S. Supreme Court finally decreed that the Rolls be approved and that after certain deductions for expenditures, payments were to be made equally among the Eastern Cherokees who were enrolled. The Court also authorized the Secretary of the Treasury to issue a warrant in favor of each person.

In certifying the eligibility of the Cherokee Rolls, Mr. G. MILLER used earlier census list and rolls that had been made of the Cherokees by MASTERS, CHAPMAN, DRENNEN and others between 1835 and 1884. Copies of some of these rolls and the indexes to them are filed with the GUION MILLER records and are part of the M- 685 publication. Other enrollment records used by Mr. G. MILLER are among the classified files of the Indian Bureau and are designated as 33931-11-053 Cherokee Nation.

NARS Microfilm Publication: M-595 Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940 For Southern California and Arizona Only. (692 Reels) Pursuant to an act of 1884 (23 Stat. 98) each Indian agent began submitting annual census list of the Indians in his charge. These Indian Census Rolls constitute one record series from 1885 to 1940, perhaps the most useful single series for Indian Genealogy. These Indian Census Rolls are arranged alphabetically by name of Indian Agency, thereunder by Name of Tribe, and thereunder by Year. A tribe may have been successively under the jurisdiction of several different Indian Agencies, so it is important to find out which Agency had jurisdiction for a particular tribe during the life of the subject Indian ancestor of research.

The names of individual Indians on the rolls before about 1916 are Not arranged alphabetically; locating a particular name may require scanning all entries for the Tribe. After 1916 most agents alphabetized the names of individuals on the annual lists.

Records of the Arizona Superintendent of Indian Affairs, 
1863- 1873 (M734)
Letters Sent by Arizona Superintendent of Indian Affairs, 
1807- 1823 (M16)

Office of Indian Affairs

Register of Letters Received by Office of Indian Affairs, 1824- 1880 (M18)
Register of Letters Sent by Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881 (M21)
Letters Received by Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880 (M234)
Report Books of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1838-1885 (M348)
Special Files of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1807-1904 (M574)

U.S. Secretary of War

Letters Sent by the U.S. Secretary of War Relating to Indian Affairs, 1800-1824 (M15)
Letters Received by U.S. Secretary of War, Relating to Indian Affairs, 1800-1823 (M271)
Letters Sent to the Indian Division of the U.S. Department of the Interior, (M606)
Documents Relating to Negotiations of Indian Treaties (T494)
Ratified Indian Treaties, 1722-1869 (M668)

Mission Indian Agency, 1912-1955 (RG75)
Fort Apache Agency (263)
Fort Defiance Letterbooks (1339)

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