File: NARC_NA.TXT Revised: May 09, 1996 Revised: Jan. 29, 1996 Revised: Aug. 18, 1995 Created: Jul. 04, 1993 By: Paul R. Sarrett, Jr.
Tracing your family history can be especially difficult if you are trying to locate Native American Indian ancestors. There are several types of records at the National Archives -- Pacific Southwest Region which might be applicable to your research. Most records in the National Archives about Native American Indians are in the Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) Record Group 75.
1. A Native American Indian ancestor is like any other beginning search for your ancestors. However, these additional Guides are helpful. Use 10 year periods starting with the Federal Census 1920 and working back in time.
1.a 1920 Census; T-625, 8,585 rolls, Native American Indians may be identified
as Black, Indian, Other, or white.
1.b 1910 Census; T-624, 1,784 rolls, Indian Schedules are at the end of the identified Enumeration District ED (Use the Federal Census Index Books for ED of County of Residence.)
1.c 1900 Census; T-623, 1,854 rolls, Same as 1910; in addition a separate Indian Territory Schedule is at the end of the Soundex Index (T-1082). Use Soundex Code. This lists members of the Five Civilized Tribes as well as Whites and Blacks living in the Indian Territory. (See Vol. II KAY KIRKMAN gives Tribe, State, County and Sheet number for this 1900 Census.)
1.d 1880 Census; T-9, 1,454 rolls, Check Federal Territorial Census rolls using the names and locations found in the Indian Rolls. (Note the 1880 Indian Schedules for this Federal Census were destroyed.)
2. Was your Native American Indian ancestor officially enrolled as a member of one of the tribes known as the Five Civilized Tribes (CHEROKEE, CHICKASWA, CHOCTAW, CREEK, or SEMINOLE)
The following Census Rolls may be of use to you as these publications have Census information for Cherokees and their direct descendants who settled in Southern MISSOURI, between the ARKANSAS and the White Rivers, or just East of the Mississippi River prior to the Treaty of New Echota, Dec. 29, 1835
NARS Microfilm Publication: Record Group 75. T-496 Census Roll of Cherokee Indians East of the Mississippi - 1835 & Index to the Roll.
Also called the (THE HENDERSON ROLL) This 1835 Census list some 1,959 persons of the Cherokee Nation in North Carolina, Tennessee, Alabama, and Georgia; With 68 pages, it request information of: head of families (Indian, half-breeds, quadroons, and whites); residence (State, county, and watercourse); males (under eighteen and over eighteen); females (under sixteen and over sixteen); slaves (male, female, and total slaves); total Cherokees, wives connected by marriage; farms; acres in cultivation; housing; bushels of wheat raised; bushels of corn raised; bushels of wheat sold; for how much; bushels of corn sold; for how much; bushels of corn bought; for how much; mills; ferryboats; farmers over eighteen; merchants over eighteen; readers of English; readers of Cherokee; half-breeds; quadroons; full-blooded; mixed Catawbas; mixed Spaniards; mixed Negroes; weavers; spinsters (operators of spinning wheels; reserves; descendants of reserves; and remarks.
The Index is alphabetized, but the actual schedules are very faint. The ink is so faded that it is best read using the Zoom lens the Magnifier type Reader. Even printed copies do not help even when a yellow underliner pen is used. Note that at the top of each schedule page is the County, State and beside each name entry is the township or watercourse in which the tribe member resides.
NARS Microfilm Publication: T-985 1851 Old Settler Census Roll of 1895 & Index to Payment Roll, 1896 (2 Reels) This Census is based on Cherokee who had migrated to the Western Indian Territory Prior to the New Echota Treaty of 1835 This Payroll is based on the 1851 Old Settler Roll and is a major genealogical importance. The names of those still living in 1896 in the Western Indian Territory are listed first, followed by those who had died and their heirs, and each heir's relationship. The Payroll list each Payee's 1851 roll number, name agency pay number, age, sex, amount received, and post office address.
NARS Microfilm Publication: Record Group 75 M-529 Final Rolls of Citizens and Freemen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory (as Approved by the Secretary of the Interior On or before 04 Mar. 1907, With Supplements Dated 25 Sep. 1914) (Cabinet #25, 3 Rolls)
This record is what is commonly referred to as the DAWES ROLLS. They are frequently used by researchers who are trying to provide acceptable Proof of Native American Indian ancestry from one of the Five Civilized Tribes. These rolls are arranged by Name of Tribe, thereunder by separate categories for citizens by Blood, Citizens by Marriage, and Freedmen. Most of these rolls give Name; Age; Sex; Degree of Blood; and the Roll and Census-Card number for each individual. In order to research your Indian ancestor requires scanning the entire roll for his or her Tribe, because the entries are arranged numerically order in which the citizen was entered.
An act of Congress approved Mar. 03, 1893 [27 Sta. 656], authorized the establishment of the Commission to negotiate agreements with the Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Creek, and Seminole tribes providing for the dissolution of the tribal governments and the allotment of land to each tribal member. Senator HENRY L. DAWES of Massachusetts was appointed Chairman of this Commission on Nov. 01, 1893, after which it has commonly been referred to as the DAWES COMMISSION.
The DAWES COMMISSION was authorized by an act of Congress approved Jun. 28, 1898 [30 Stat. 495] to prepare citizenship (tribal membership) rolls for each tribe. These final rolls were the basis for allotment. Under this act, subsequent acts, and resulting agreements negotiated with each tribe, the DAWES COMMISSION received applications for membership covering more than 250,000 people and enrolled more than 101,000. The tribal membership rolls were closed on Mar. 05, 1907, by act of Congress approved on Apr. 26, 1906 [34 Stat. 370], although an additional 312 persons were enrolled under an act approved Aug. 01, 1914.
The DAWES COMMISSION enrolled individuals as Citizens of a tribe under the following categories: Citizen by Blood; Citizen by Marriage; New Born Citizen by Blood (enrolled under act of Congress approved Mar. 03, 1905); Minor Citizens by Blood (enrolled under act of Congress approved Apr. 06, 1906); Freedmen (former black slaves of Indians, later freed and admitted to tribal citenship); New Born Freedmen; and Minor Freedmen; Delaware Indians adopted by the Cherokee tribe were enrolled as a seperate group within the Cherokee.
Within each enrollment category the generally DAWES COMMISSION maintained three (3) types of card: Straight cards for persons whose applications were Approved; D cards for persons whose applications were considered Doubtful, and subject to question; and R cards for persons whose applications were Rejected. Persons listed on D cards were subsequently transferred to either Straight or R cards depending on the DAWES COMMISSION decisions. All decisions of the DAWES COMMISSION were sent to the Secretary of the Interior for final approval.
An enrollment card, sometimes referred to by the DAWES COMMISSION as a census card, records the information provided by the individual applications submitted by members of the same family group or household and includes notation of the action taken. The information given for each applicant includes name; roll number (individual's number if enrolled); age; sex; degree of Indian blood; relationship to the head of family group; parents names; and references to enrollment on earlier rolls used by the DAWES COMMISSION for verification of eligibility.
T-529 CONTENTS Reel Description / Category Census Card Number 1 Index to Final Rolls 2 Cherokee By Blood 0001-0805 3 Cherokee By Blood 0806-1645 4 Cherokee By Blood 1646-2461 5 Cherokee By Blood 2462-3293 6 Cherokee By Blood 3294-4027 7 Cherokee By Blood 4028-4847 8 Cherokee By Blood 4848-5661 9 Cherokee By Blood 5662-6303 10 Cherokee By Blood 6304-7140 11 Cherokee By Blood 7141-7961 12 Cherokee By Blood 7962-8794 13 Cherokee By Blood 8795-9634 14 Cherokee By Blood 9635-10461 15 Cherokee By Blood 10462-11132 16 Cherokee Minors By Blood 001-824 17 Cherokee Minors By Blood 825-1582 18 Cherokee Minors By Blood 1583-2331 19 Cherokee Minors By Blood 2332-3034 20 Cherokee Minors 3035-3684 21 Cherokee Minors 3685-4005 22 Delaware Indians 1-382 22 Delaware Indians D1-D50 22 Delaware Indians R1-R5
22 Cherokee By Marriage 1-188 23 Cherokee By Marriage 189-288 23 Cherokee Freedmen 1-382 24 Cherokee Freedmen 383-814 25 Cherokee Freedmen 815-1231 26 Cherokee Freedmen 1232-1595 26 Cherokee Freedmen Minors 1-93 27 Cherokee Freedmen Minors 94-542 27 Cherokee D1-D267 28 Cherokee D268-D1062 29 Cherokee D1063-D1879 30 Cherokee D1880-D2711 31 Cherokee D2712-D3207 31 Cherokee R1-R336 32 Cherokee R337-R1168 33 Cherokee R1169-R1231 33 Cherokee Freedmen D1-D388 34 Cherokee Freedmen D389-D811 35 Cherokee Freedmen D812-D1225 36 Cherokee Freedmen D1226-D1342 36 Cherokee Freedmen R1-R304 37 Cherokee Freedmen R305-R730 38 Cherokee Freedmen R731-R1276
39 Choctaw By Blood 1-858 40 Choctaw By Blood 859-1718 41 Choctaw By Blood 1719-2575 42 Choctaw By Blood 2576-3426 43 Choctaw By Blood 3427-4287 44 Choctaw By Blood 4288-5140 45 Choctaw By Blood 5141-5994 46 Choctaw By Blood 5995-6109 46 Choctaw New Born By Blood 1-746 47 Choctaw New Born By Blood 747-1538 47 Choctaw Minor By Blood 1-73 48 Choctaw Minor By Blood 74-914 49 Choctaw Minor By Blood 915-1325 49 Choctaw Freedmen 1-225 50 Choctaw Freedmen 1226-659 51 Choctaw Freedmen 660-1098 52 Choctaw Freedmen 1099-1540 53 Choctaw Freedmen 1541-1602 53 Choctaw Minor Freedmen 1-521 53 Choctaw D1-D238 54 Choctaw D239-D1009 54 Choctaw R1-R105 55 Choctaw R106-R756 55 Choctaw Freedmen D1-D111 56 Choctaw Freedmen D112-D234 56 Choctaw Freedmen R1-R45 56 Mississippi Choctaw By Blood 1-540 57 Mississippi Choctaw By Blood 541-918 57 Mississippi Choctaw,Minor By Blood 1-372 57 Mississippi Choctaw Identified 1-11 57 Mississippi Choctaw Field Cards 1-110 58 Mississippi Choctaw Field Cards 111-564 58 Mississippi Choctaw D1-D74 58 Mississippi Choctaw R1-R351 59 Mississippi Choctaw R352-R1215 60 Mississippi Choctaw R1216-R2107 61 Mississippi Choctaw R2108-R3016 62 Mississippi Choctaw R3107-R3911 63 Mississippi Choctaw R3912-R4811 64 Mississippi Choctaw R4812-R5713 65 Mississippi Choctaw R5714-R6622 66 Mississippi Choctaw R6623-R7466 67 Chickasaw By Blood 1-662 68 Chickasaw By Blood 663-1424 69 Chickasaw By Blood 1425-1850 69 Chickasaw New Born By Blood 1-331 70 Chickasaw New Born By Blood 332-553 70 Chickasaw Minor By Blood 1-469 70 Chickasaw Freedmen 1-35 71 Chickasaw Freedmen 36-415 72 Chickasaw Freedmen 416-799 73 Chickasaw Freedmen 800-1178 74 Chickasaw Freedmen 1179-1522 74 Chickasaw Freedmen, Minor 1-84 75 Chickasaw Freedmen, Minor 85-517 75 Chickasaw Freedmen D1-D130 75 Chickasaw Freedmen R1-R9 75 Chickasaw R1-R57 76 Chickasaw R58-R111 76 Chickasaw, Cancelled 1-219 76 Chickasaw D1-D455 77 Creek By Blood 1-662 78 Creek By Blood 663-1398 79 Creek By Blood 1399-2125 80 Creek By Blood 2126-2867 81 Creek By Blood 2868-3611 82 Creek By Blood 3612-4059 82 Creek, New Born By Blood 1-289 83 Creek, New Born By Blood 290-1171 84 Creek, Minor By Blood 1-668 85 Creek Freedmen 1-358 86 Creek Freedmen 359-740 87 Creek Freedmen 741-1081 88 Creek Freedmen 1082-1456 89 Creek Freedmen 1457-1833 90 Creek Freedmen 1834-1917 90 Creek Freedmen, New Born, By Blood 1-468 91 Creek Freedmen, New Born, By Blood 469-748 91 Creek Freedmen, Minor, By Blood 1-435 92 Seminole By Blood 1-607 92 Seminole Freedmen 608-670 93 Seminole Freedmen 671-855 93 Seminole, New Born, By Blood 1-181 93 Seminole Freedmen 1-R5 93 Seminole, New Born Freedmen 1-91
NARS Microfilm Publication: M-1186.1 Index on Reel 1 for the Final Rolls of Citizens and Freemen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory (as Approved by the Secretary of the Interior On or before 04 Mar. 1907, With Supplements Dated 25 Sep. 1914) Use this name Index to find the Application number for the MILLER ROLLS.
NARS Microfilm Publication: M-685 Records Relating to Enrollment of Eastern
Cherokees by Guion Miller 1908-1910 (Cabinet #25, 12 Reels, Index on Reel
1) These records deserve special attention. They are frequently referred
to as the GUION MILLER ROLLS, after Guion Miller who, after 1906, was appointed
by the U.S. Court of Claims to determine who was eligible to participate
in a fund awarded to persons who were Eastern Cherokees at the time of the
Treaties of 1835-36 and 1845 or to their descendants. There was a supplement
report of 1910. They consist of 29 volumes with 10 volumes of transcripts
of testimony, arranged chronologically; a report dated 05 Jan. 1910 concerning
exceptions to findings; a printed copy of the completed roll with two 1910
supplements; copies of the DRENNEN & CHAPMAN report, with index; and
the Old Settlers roll of 1851-52 with index. (See also U.S. Court of Claims,
Record Group 123)
M-685, Reel 1. General Index to Eastern Cherokee Applications, Vol. 1 and 2.
Report Submitted by GUION MILLER, Special Commissioner, May 28, 1909
Volume Applications M-685, Reel 2. 1 and 2 1 - 6,000 M-685, Reel 3. 3 and 4 6,001 - 16,000 M-685, Reel 4. 5 to 7 16,001 - 31,000 M-685, Reel 5. 8 to 10 31,001 - 45,857 M-685, Reel 6. Roll of Eastern Cherokee, May 28, 1909, and Report on Preparations, With Supplemental Roll, Jan. 05, 1910 Miscellaneous Testimony Taken Before Special Commissioners, Feb. 1900 Mar. 1909 M-685, Reel 7. Volume 1 and 2 M-685, Reel 8. Volume 3 and 4 M-685, Reel 9. Volume 5 and 6 M-685, Reel 10. Volume 7 and 8 M-685, Reel 11. Volume 9 and 10 M-685, Reel 12. Indexes and Rolls of Eastern Cherokee Indians, 1850, 1854, and 1884 Includes Miscellaneous Notes and Drafts. Item 1. Combined Index of Eastern Cherokee Rolls of 1851, by CHAPMAN & DRENNEN, Vol. 1. A-L, Vol. 2. M-Z. Item 2. THE CHAPMAN ROLL (1852), Listed by County, Name, Age, Relationship of Family.
Item 3. THE DRENNEN ROLL, (1851) of Eastern Cherokee Indians
Living West of the Mississippi River. Listed by County, Name, Age, Relationship of Family.
These 12 Reels of Microfilm (NAMP-M-685) are the reproduced reports and records of Special Commissioner GUION MILLER. In 1906 Mr. MILLER was appointed by the U.S. Court of Claims to determine who was eligible for funds under the treaties of 1835-36 and 1845 between the United States and the Eastern Cherokees. Mr. Miller submitted his report and roll on May 28, 1909, and submitted a supplementary report and roll on Jan. 05, 1910.
An Act of Congress approved Jul. 01, 1902 (32 Stat. 726), gave the Court of Claim jurisdiction over any claim arising under treaty stipulations that the Cherokee tribe, or any band thereof, might have against the United States and over any claims that the United States might have against any Cherokee tribe or band. Suit for such a claim was to be instituted within two (2) years after the act was approved. as a result, three suits where brought before the court concerning grievance existing out of the treaties. These suits were:
(1) The Cherokee Nation vs. The United States, General Jurisdiction Case No. 23199; (2) The Eastern and Emigrant Cherokee vs. The United States, General Jurisdiction Case No. 23212; (3) The Eastern Cherokee vs. The United States, General Jurisdiction Case No. 23214.
On May 18, 1905, the United States Supreme Court decided in favor of the Eastern Cherokees and instructed the Secretary of the Interior to ascertain and identify the persons entitled to participate in the distribution of more than 1 Million dollars appropriated by Congress on Jun. 30, 1906, for use in payment of the claims. The task of compiling a roll of eligible persons was begun by GUION MILLER, then Special Agent of the Interior Department. In a decree of Apr. 29, 1907, the U.S. Supreme Court renounce part of its earlier decision that gave the Secretary of the Interior responsibility for determining the eligibility of claimants and appointed Mr. MILLER as a Special Commissioner of the Court of Claims.
This Apr. 29, 1907 decree also provided that the 1 Million dollars fund was to be distributed to all Eastern and Western Cherokee Indians who were still alive on May 28, 1906, and who could establish the fact that at the time of the treaties (1835, some 70 years earlier? ..prs) they were members of the Eastern Cherokee Tribe of Indians or were descendants of such persons, and that they had NOT been affiliated with any tribe of Indians other than the Eastern Cherokee or the Cherokee Nation. The decree further provided that claimants should already have applications on file with the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, or should file such applications with the new Special Commissioner of the Court of Claims on or before Aug. 31, 1907 (Some 3 months timeline. ..prs) Also according to this revised Apr. 29, 1906 decree the U.S. Supreme Court determined that all applications for Minors and persons of unsound Minds were to be filed by their parents or persons having their care in custody, and for persons who have had died after May 28, 1906 were to be filed by their children or legal representatives.
(See the three page Application Form # 6-624) No. _______ EASTERN CHEROKEES APPLICATION OF ______________________________________________________ For share of money appropriated for the Eastern Cherokee
Indians by Act of Congress approved June 30, 1906, in accordance with the decrees of the Court of Claims of May 18, 1905, and May 28, 1906. 6-624
Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Washington, D.C. Sir:
I hereby make application for such shares as may be due me of the fund appropriated by the Act of Congress approved June 30, 1906, in accordance with the decrees of the Court of Claims of May 18, 1905, and May 28, 1906, in favor of the Eastern Cherokees.
The evidence of identity is herewith subjoined. 1. State full name ________________________________________ English name: _________________________________________ Indian name: __________________________________________ 2. Residence: ___________________________________________ 3. Town and Post Office: __________________________________ 4. County: ______________________________________________ 5. State: _______________________________________________ 6. Date and place of birth: _________________________________ 7. By what right do you claim to share? If you claim through more than one relative lining in 1851, set forth each claim separately: _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ 8. Are you married? _________________________________________ 9. Name and age of wife or husband: ___________________________ __________________________________________________________ 10. Give names of your father and mother's name before marriage: Father - English name: ________________________________________ Indian name: _______________________________________________ Mother - English name: ________________________________________ Indian name: _______________________________________________ Maiden name: ______________________________________________ 11. Where were they born? Father: ____________________________________________________ Mother: ____________________________________________________ 12. Where did they reside in 1851, if living at that time? Father: _____________________________________________________ Mother: _____________________________________________________ 13. Date of death of your father and mother - Father: ______________________________________________________ Mother: ______________________________________________________ Page 1 (6-621) 14. Were they ever enrolled for annuities, land, or other benefits? If so, state when and where __________________ ______________________________________________________________ 15. Name all your brothers and sisters, giving ages, and if not living, then the date of death: Name: Born: Died: (1.) __________ _____ _____ (2.) __________ _____ _____ (3.) __________ _____ _____ (4.) __________ _____ _____ (5.) __________ _____ _____ (6.) __________ _____ _____ 16. State English and Indian names of your grandparents on both father's and mother's side, if possible: Father's Side Mother's Side _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ 17. Where were they born? _______________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ 18. Where did they reside in 1851, if living at that time? _____ ______________________________________________________________ 19. Give names of all their children, and residence, if living, if not living, give dates of deaths: (1) English name: _____________________________________________ Indian name: ________________________________________________ Residence: _________________________________________________ (2) English name: _____________________________________________ Indian name: _______________________________________________ Residence: ________________________________________________ (3) English name: ____________________________________________ Indian name: _______________________________________________ Residence: _________________________________________________ (4) English name: _______________________________________________ Indian name: __________________________________________________ Residence: ___________________________________________________ (5) English name: _______________________________________________ Indian name: _________________________________________________ Residence: __________________________________________________ 20. Have you ever been enrolled for annuities, land, or other benefits? If so, state when and where: _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ Page 2 (6-621) 21. To expedite identification, claimant should give the full English and Indian names, if possible, of their parental and maternal ancestors back to 1835: ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ REMARKS. (Under this head the applicant may give any additional information that he believes will assist in proving his claims.) ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ NOTE: -- Answers should be brief but explicit; the words "Yes," "No," "Unknown", etc. may be used in cases where applicable. Read the Questions carefully. ------------------ I solemnly swear that the forgoing statements made by me are true to the best of my knowledge and belief. (Signature,) _________________________________________________ Subscribed and sworn to before me this _____ day of _____, 190_. My Commission expires _________________________________________________ Notary Public. ------------------
(The following affidavit must be sworn to by two or more witnesses who are well acquainted with the applicant.) Personally appeared before me ____________________ and ____________________, who, being duly sworn, on oath depose and say that they are well acquainted with ____________________, who makes the foregoing application and statements, and have known _____ for _____ years and _____ years, respectively, and know _____, to be the identical person _____ represents _____ to be, and the statements made by _____ are true, to the best of their knowledge and belief, and they have no interest whatever in _____ claim.
Witnesses to mark Signature of witnesses. _______________ ________________ Subscribed and sworn to before me this _____ day of _____, 190_. Subscribed and sworn to before me this _____ day of _____, 190_. My Commission expires _____ _____ Notary Public.
NOTE. - Affidavits should be made, when ever practicable, before public, clerk of the court, or before a person having a seal. If sworn to before an Indian agent or disbursing agent of the Indian service, it need not be executed before a notary, etc.
Page 3 (6-621)
Some three years later Mr. G. MILLER in his May 28, 1909 reported that 45,847 separate applications had been filed, representing a total of some 90,000 individual claimants, of which 30,254 were enrolled as entitled to share in the 1 Million Dollar fund. Some 3,203 Cherokee's were residing in the East and 27,051 were residing West of the Mississippi River.
This writer does not understand Mr. G. MILLER's mathematics. Did he mean that out of 90,000 claimants, he received 45,847 applications and that 44,153 (90,000 less 45,847 = 44,153) were already on the Cherokee rolls? Was the 30,254 the result of the 45,847 applications which 15,593 were rejected? (34%) Was the result $30,254 per claimant or $7,44.07 per claimant?.
On Jun. 10, 1909, the U.S. supreme Court confirmed and approved Mr. G. MILLER's rolls of the Eastern Cherokees who were entitled to share in the distribution of the fund. The Court also decreed so much as shall be expected [excepted] to on or before Aug. 30, 1909.
On Jan. 05, 1910, some 6 months later Mr. G. MILLER investigated the exceptions
and submitted a Supplemental Report and Roll. In this report he stated about
11,750 exceptions had been made; that some 620 persons, of which 238 resided
in the East and 372 resided West of the Mississippi River.
From this writers calculations from the 90,000 original claimants only 30,820 (34.2%) were entitled.
On Mar. 15, 1910 the U.S. Supreme Court finally decreed that the Rolls be approved and that after certain deductions for expenditures, payments were to be made equally among the Eastern Cherokees who were enrolled. The Court also authorized the Secretary of the Treasury to issue a warrant in favor of each person.
In certifying the eligibility of the Cherokee Rolls, Mr. G. MILLER used earlier census list and rolls that had been made of the Cherokees by MASTERS, CHAPMAN, DRENNEN and others between 1835 and 1884. Copies of some of these rolls and the indexes to them are filed with the GUION MILLER records and are part of the M- 685 publication. Other enrollment records used by Mr. G. MILLER are among the classified files of the Indian Bureau and are designated as 33931-11-053 Cherokee Nation.
NARS Microfilm Publication: M-595 Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940 For Southern California and Arizona Only. (692 Reels) Pursuant to an act of 1884 (23 Stat. 98) each Indian agent began submitting annual census list of the Indians in his charge. These Indian Census Rolls constitute one record series from 1885 to 1940, perhaps the most useful single series for Indian Genealogy. These Indian Census Rolls are arranged alphabetically by name of Indian Agency, thereunder by Name of Tribe, and thereunder by Year. A tribe may have been successively under the jurisdiction of several different Indian Agencies, so it is important to find out which Agency had jurisdiction for a particular tribe during the life of the subject Indian ancestor of research.
The names of individual Indians on the rolls before about 1916 are Not arranged alphabetically; locating a particular name may require scanning all entries for the Tribe. After 1916 most agents alphabetized the names of individuals on the annual lists.
Records of the Arizona Superintendent of Indian Affairs, 1863- 1873 (M734) Letters Sent by Arizona Superintendent of Indian Affairs, 1807- 1823 (M16)
Register of Letters Received by Office of Indian Affairs, 1824- 1880 (M18)
Register of Letters Sent by Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881 (M21)
Letters Received by Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880 (M234)
Report Books of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1838-1885 (M348)
Special Files of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1807-1904 (M574)
Letters Sent by the U.S. Secretary of War Relating to Indian Affairs, 1800-1824 (M15)
Letters Received by U.S. Secretary of War, Relating to Indian Affairs, 1800-1823 (M271)
Letters Sent to the Indian Division of the U.S. Department of the Interior, (M606)
Documents Relating to Negotiations of Indian Treaties (T494)
Ratified Indian Treaties, 1722-1869 (M668)
Mission Indian Agency, 1912-1955 (RG75) Fort Apache Agency (263) Fort Defiance Letterbooks (1339)