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OTTO III Holy Roman Emporer

0980 - 24 Jan 1002

ID Number: I57219

  • OCCUPATION: Holy Roman emperor (996–1002) and German king (983–1002)
  • RESIDENCE: Germany and Rome
  • BIRTH: 0980
  • DEATH: 24 Jan 1002, Paterno
  • RESOURCES: See: notes
Father: OTTO II Holy Roman Emporer
Mother: THEOPANO of Byzantine


Notes


"Otto III German king and Roman emperor, b. 980; d. at Paterno, 24 Jan., 1002. At the age of three he was elected king at Verona, in very restless times. Henry the Quarrelsome, the deposed Duke of Bavaria, claimed his guardianship. This nobleman wished for the imperial crown. To further his object he made an alliance with Lothair of France. Williger, Archbishop of Mainz, the leader of Otto's party, improved the situation. He induced Henry to release the imprisoned king, for which his Duchy of Bavaria was restored. Otto's mother, Theophano, now assumed the regency. She abandoned her husband's imperialistic policy and devoted herself entirely to furthering an alliance between Church and State. Her policy bore a broad national stamp. On her husband's death, this princess styled herself simply "Emperor" in Italy, though she was obliged for political reasons to acknowledge Crescentius as Patrician by her personal presence in Rome in 989.


In France Louis V had died without heirs, and Hugh Capet was elected. This was the work of the French episcopate. Theophano was not able to prevent France from speedily freeing herself from German influence. The regent endeavoured to watch over the national questions of the Empire in the East. One of the greatest achievements of this empress was her success in maintaining feudal supremacy over Bohemia.


After her death, the less capable Adelaide assumed the regency. Unlike her predecessor, hers was not a nature fitted to rule; the Slavs rose on the eastern border, and the Normans were with difficulty held in check. She died in 999. The influence of these two women upon the education of the young king (who assumed the government in 994) was not slight. But two men exercised even greater influence on him: Johannes Nonentula, a protégé of Theophano, and Bernward of Hildesheim. The austere Bernward awakened in him inclinations to fanciful enthusiasm which coloured his dreams of empire.


Supported by the spiritual princes of the Empire, he marched into Italy. Here he behaved as though the Roman see were a metropolitan bishopric under the Empire. He it was who presided at synods and dared to revoke papal decisions, and who selected the popes. Like Charlemagne, he was convinced of the spiritual character of his imperial dignity, and deduced from this the necessity of setting the empire over the papacy. He raised a German, Bruno, to the Chair of Peter under the name of Gregory V. The new pope crowned Otto emperor 21 May, 996, but he did not act counter to the ancient claims of the Curia, and he emphasized the duties and rights of the popes.


Otto returned to Germany in 996. It was of the greatest consequence that in Bruno the papal throne contained a man who encouraged the ideas of the reform party for purification and spiritualization within the Church, and a consequent exaltation of the papacy. Harmonizing with this reform party was the ascetic movement within the Church, whose principal exponent was a native of Southern Italy called Nilus. Among his pupils was the Bohemian, Adalbert, second Bishop of Prague, who was at that time in Rome devoting himself entirely to mystical and ascetic enthusiasm. In 996 Otto met this remarkable man whom he succeeded in sending back to his see. As he scrupled returning to Bohemia, he went as missionary to the Prussian country, where he was put to death in 999. The emperor was affected by the grotesque piety of this man, and it had aroused ascetic inclinations in him also. Still another person obtained great influence over him: the learned Frenchman, Gerbert, who came to the Imperial court in 997.


In Rome, meanwhile, Crescentius had set up an antipope named John XVI and forced Gregory V to flee. In 998 Otto went to Rome, where he pronounced severe judgment upon those who had rebelled against his decisions. Gregory died in 999, and the emperor raised his friend Gerbert to the papacy as Sylvester II. He too, followed the ancient path of the Curia, and advocated papal supremacy over all Christendom. How was this consistent and energetic policy of the Curia to affect the youthful emperor's dreams of a fusion of the ideal state with the ideal church in an Augustan Theocracy? The interference with Italian affairs was now to react bitterly upon Germany. In 1000 Otto made a pilgrimage to the tomb of his friend Adelbert at Gnesen, where he erected an archbishopric destined to promote the emancipation of the Eastern Slavonians. He practised mortifications at the tomb of an ascetic, and thrilled with the highest ideas of his imperial dignity, he afterwards caused the tomb of Charlemagne at Aix to be opened. Before long his dreams of empire faded away. Everywhere there was fermentation throughout Italy. Otto, lingering in Rome, found himself, with the pope, obliged to abandon the city. In Germany the princes united in a national opposition to the new imperialism of this capricious sovereign. He had few supporters in his plan to reconquer the Eternal City. Only by recourse to arms could his body be brought to Aix, where recently his tomb has been discovered in the cathedral.


WILMANS, Jahrbücher des Deutschen Reiches unter Ottos III (Berlin, 1840); BENTZINGER, Das Leben der Kaiserin Adelheid, Gemahlin Ottos I., während der Regierung Ottos III (Breslau Dissertation, 1883); OTTO, Papst Gregor V (Münster Dissertation, 1881); LUX, Papst Silvester II Einfluss auf die Politik Kaiser Ottos III (Breslau, 1898); VOIGT, Adalbert von Prag (Berlin, 1898); SCHULTTESS, Papst Silvester II als Lehrer und Staatsmann (Hamburg, 1891); ZHARSKI, Die Slavenkriege zur Zeit Ottos III und die Pilgerfahrt nach Gnesen (Lemberg, 1882)."


F. KAMPERS
Transcribed by Gerald Rossi


The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume XI
Copyright © 1911 by Robert Appleton Company



                                                                          _HENRY I "The Fowler" of Rome______________________________+
                                                                         | (0876 - 0936) m 0909                                      
                              _OTTO I "The Great" of Germany_____________|
                             | (0912 - 0973)                             |
                             |                                           |_MATILDA of Oldenburg de RINGELHEIM Countess of Ringelheim_+
                             |                                             (0880 - 0968) m 0909                                      
 _OTTO II Holy Roman Emporer_|
| (0955 - 0983) m 0972       |
|                            |                                            _RUDOLF II of Italy________________________________________+
|                            |                                           | (0888 - 0937) m 0922                                      
|                            |_ADELAIDE de BURGUNDY of Holy Roman Empire_|
|                              (0932 - 0999)                             |
|                                                                        |_BERTHA of Swabia__________________________________________+
|                                                                          (0907 - 0967) m 0922                                      
|
|--OTTO III Holy Roman Emporer
|  (0980 - 1002)
|                                                                         _CONSTANTINE VII of the East Roman Empire__________________+
|                                                                        | (0905 - 0959) m 0919                                      
|                             _ROMANUS II East Roman Empire______________|
|                            | (0939 - 0963)                             |
|                            |                                           |_HELENA____________________________________________________+
|                            |                                             (0900 - 0962) m 0919                                      
|_THEOPANO of Byzantine______|
  (0956 - 0991) m 0972       |
                             |                                            ___________________________________________________________
                             |                                           |                                                           
                             |_THEOPHANA of Byzantine____________________|
                               (0940 - ....)                             |
                                                                         |___________________________________________________________
                                                                                                                                     

Sources


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Laura CANTRELL


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INDEX

John FINKLEA

ABT 1740 - ____

ID Number: I19411

  • RESIDENCE: Darlington Dist.? SC
  • BIRTH: ABT 1740
  • RESOURCES: See: [S629]

Family 1 : Martha SMITH

Notes


SCMAR, Volume VII, Number 3, Summer, 1979, Darlington County Memorialized Records (Continued from Vol. 7, p.80) John Finklea to Lease & Release Novr 19th & Sixty pounds Stg. 100 acres So side

Sources

[S629]


INDEX

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George HODGES

ABT 1846 - ____

ID Number: I59589

  • RESIDENCE: Marlboro Co. SC
  • BIRTH: ABT 1846
  • RESOURCES: See: 1847 Will of Geo Hodges
Father: John Alexander HODGES
Mother: Charlotte IRBY


Notes


1847 Will of Geo. Hodges;--- I give and bequeath unto my grandson George Hodges son of
John A. Hodge.

                                                _John HODGES Jr._____+
                                               | (1747 - 1790) m 1769
                          _George HODGES ______|
                         | (1769 - 1851) m 1796|
                         |                     |_Anna MAGEE _________+
                         |                       (1750 - ....) m 1769
 _John Alexander HODGES _|
| (1816 - 1866) m 1845   |
|                        |                      _George CHERRY ______+
|                        |                     | (1760 - ....)       
|                        |_Sarah CHERRY _______|
|                          (1780 - ....) m 1796|
|                                              |_ MAGEE _____________+
|                                                (1760 - ....)       
|
|--George HODGES 
|  (1846 - ....)
|                                               _____________________
|                                              |                     
|                         _____________________|
|                        |                     |
|                        |                     |_____________________
|                        |                                           
|_Charlotte IRBY ________|
  (1828 - 1896) m 1845   |
                         |                      _____________________
                         |                     |                     
                         |_____________________|
                                               |
                                               |_____________________
                                                                     

Sources


INDEX

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Grace MEESE

ABT 1640 - ____

ID Number: I44615

  • RESIDENCE: ENG and Stafford Co. VA
  • BIRTH: ABT 1640, London, London, England
  • DEATH: Virginia
  • RESOURCES: See: LDS (AFN: MW2H-85) [S1616]

Family 1 : John ASHTON
  1. +Priscilla ASHTON
  2. +Sarah ASHTON
  3. +Henry ASHTON
  4.  Charles ASHTON

Notes


or Grace Frizer. or Grace Muse.

Sources

[S1616]


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Rufus Montezuma MORGAN C.S.A.

ABT 1837 - 1862

ID Number: I98285

  • OCCUPATION: CSA Stan Waite's regiment of Cherokees
  • RESIDENCE: Monroe Co. TN and Indian Terr. OK
  • BIRTH: ABT 1837
  • DEATH: 1862, KIA near Fort Gibson, Oklahoma by Lincoln's union Army
  • RESOURCES: See: [S3225]
Father: Gideon MORGAN Jr.
Mother: Mary Margaret SEVIER


Notes


Mentezuma Morgan b. About. 1837; Mary Holt (Wife)
He returned from the Cherokee Nation to assist with some land disputes among the Eifferts, Morgans, and McElraths. He served in Stan Waite's regiment of Cherokees in the Confederate Army, and was killed near Ft. Gibson.
[Morgans, Wm andSons.FBK.FTW]






                                               _Samuel MORGAN ____________________+
                                              | (1728 - 1825)                     
                         _Gideon MORGAN Sr.___|
                        | (1751 - 1830) m 1772|
                        |                     |_Rachel KIBBE _____________________
                        |                       (1730 - 1804)                     
 _Gideon MORGAN Jr._____|
| (1778 - 1851) m 1813  |
|                       |                      ___________________________________
|                       |                     |                                   
|                       |_Patience COGSWELL __|
|                         (1754 - 1797) m 1772|
|                                             |___________________________________
|                                                                                 
|
|--Rufus Montezuma MORGAN C.S.A.
|  (1837 - 1862)
|                                              _John SEVIER 1st Gov. of Tennessee_+
|                                             | (1745 - 1815) m 1761              
|                        _Joseph SEVIER ______|
|                       | (1763 - 1826)       |
|                       |                     |_Sarah HAWKINS ____________________
|                       |                       (1745 - 1780) m 1761              
|_Mary Margaret SEVIER _|
  (1799 - 1862) m 1813  |
                        |                      _George LOWREY "the Immigrant"_____
                        |                     | (1740 - ....) m 1768              
                        |_Elizabeth LOWREY ___|
                          (1772 - ....)       |
                                              |_Nannie Oo-Lu-Tsa__________________+
                                                (1748 - ....) m 1768              

Sources

[S3225]


INDEX

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Andrew MORTON

ABT 1650 - ____

ID Number: I69760

  • RESIDENCE: Northumberland Co. VA
  • BIRTH: ABT 1650
  • RESOURCES: See: [S2663]

Family 1 :
  1. +Mary MORTON

Notes


Spouse unknown.

Sources

[S2663]


INDEX

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Robert WALLER

16 Jul 1749 - ABT Oct 1749

ID Number: I94964

  • RESIDENCE: of Williamsburg, VA
  • BIRTH: 16 Jul 1749
  • DEATH: ABT Oct 1749
  • RESOURCES: See: [S3008]
Father: Benjamin WALLER Judge
Mother: Martha HALL


Notes


Robert Waller 1749-1749; 2 Robert Waller, died @ 4 months b: July 16, 1749


                                                                _John WALLER I_______+
                                                               | (1645 - 1723) m 1669
                         _John II WALLER Gent. "the immigrant"_|
                        | (1673 - 1753) m 1696                 |
                        |                                      |_Mary KEY ___________+
                        |                                        (1648 - 1735) m 1669
 _Benjamin WALLER Judge_|
| (1716 - 1786) m 1746  |
|                       |                                       _____________________
|                       |                                      |                     
|                       |_Dorothy (Dorothea) KING _____________|
|                         (1675 - 1759) m 1696                 |
|                                                              |_____________________
|                                                                                    
|
|--Robert WALLER 
|  (1749 - 1749)
|                                                               _____________________
|                                                              |                     
|                        _Robert HALL _________________________|
|                       | (1700 - ....)                        |
|                       |                                      |_____________________
|                       |                                                            
|_Martha HALL __________|
  (1728 - 1780) m 1746  |
                        |                                       _____________________
                        |                                      |                     
                        |_Mary TUCKER _________________________|
                          (1700 - ....)                        |
                                                               |_____________________
                                                                                     

Sources

[S3008]


INDEX

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Lillian May WILSON

8 Sep 1864 - Jan 1943

ID Number: I61135

  • RESIDENCE: GA & Midlothian, TX
  • BIRTH: 8 Sep 1864, Craneater, Georgia
  • DEATH: Jan 1943, Midlothian, Texas
  • RESOURCES: See: [S18] [S1166] [S2353]
Father: James Love WILSON
Mother: Mary Virginia FIELD


Family 1 : Robert Wilson DILLARD
  1. +Lillian Bernice DILLARD

                           __
                          |  
                        __|
                       |  |
                       |  |__
                       |     
 _James Love WILSON ___|
| (1840 - 1897) m 1863 |
|                      |   __
|                      |  |  
|                      |__|
|                         |
|                         |__
|                            
|
|--Lillian May WILSON 
|  (1864 - 1943)
|                          __
|                         |  
|                       __|
|                      |  |
|                      |  |__
|                      |     
|_Mary Virginia FIELD _|
  (1842 - 1928) m 1863 |
                       |   __
                       |  |  
                       |__|
                          |
                          |__
                             

Sources

[S18]

[S1166]

[S2353]


INDEX

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© 1995, 1997, 1998, 2000. Josephine Lindsay Bass and Becky Bonner.   All rights reserved.

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Lewis E. YINGST

ABT 1900 - ____

ID Number: I46985

  • BIRTH: ABT 1900
  • RESOURCES: See: [S1692]

Family 1 : Mae FENTRESS

Sources

[S1692]


INDEX

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© 1995, 1997, 1998, 2000. Josephine Lindsay Bass and Becky Bonner.   All rights reserved.

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