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Bessie Mae ALBRITTON


!LIVING

INDEX

Archbishop SAINT THOMAS BECKETT of Canterbury

21 Dec 1118 - 29 Dec 1170

ID Number: I91378

  • TITLE: Archbishop
  • OCCUPATION: June 2, 1162, made Archbishop of Canterbury by Henry II. canonized 1173
  • RESIDENCE: Normandy and London, and Canterbury, England
  • BIRTH: 21 Dec 1118, Normandy
  • DEATH: 29 Dec 1170, Murdered at the Altar of Canterbury by 4 of Henry's Knights
  • RESOURCES: See: [S3390]
Father: GILBERT a' BECKETT
Mother: MATILDA of Caen


Notes


The Murder of Thomas Becket, 1170


A sword's crushing blow extinguished the life of Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, on a cold December evening as he struggled on the steps of his altar. The brutal event sent a tremor through Medieval Europe. Public opinion of the time and subsequent history have laid the blame for the murder at the feet of Becket's former close personal friend, King Henry II.


Becket was born in 1118, in Normandy the son of an English merchant. His family was well off, his father a former Sheriff of London. Becket benefited from his family's status first by being sent to Paris for his education and from there to England where he joined the household of Theobold, the then Archbishop of Canterbury. Becket's administrative skills, his charm, intelligence and diplomacy propelled him forward. The archbishop sent him to Paris to study law and upon his return to England made him Archdeacon of Canterbury.


Becket's big break came in 1154, when Theobold introduced him to the newly crowned King, Henry II. The two hit it off immediately, their similar personal chemistries forming a strong bond between them. Henry named Becket his Chancellor. Archbishop Theobold died in 1161, and Henry immediately saw the opportunity to increase his influence over the Church by naming his loyal advisor to the highest ecclesiastical post in the land. Henry petitioned the Pope who agreed. There was only one slight hindrance. Becket, busy at court, had never been ordained. No problem, Becket was first invested as a priest. The next day he was ordained a Bishop, and that afternoon, June 2, 1162, made Archbishop of Canterbury.


If King Henry believed that by having "his man" in the top post of the Church, he could easily impose his will upon this powerful religious institution, he was sadly mistaken. Becket's allegiance shifted from the court to the Church inspiring him to take a stand against his king. In those days, the Church reserved the right to try felonious clerics in their own religious courts of justice and not those of the crown. Henry was determined to increase control of his realm by eliminating this custom. In 1163, a Canon accused of murder was acquitted by a church court. The public outcry demanded justice and the Canon was brought before a court of the king. Becket's protest halted this attempt but the action spurred King Henry to change the laws to extend his courts' jurisdiction over the clergy. Becket vacillated in his support of the king, finally refusing to agree to changes in the law. His stand prompted a royal summons to Henry's court at Northampton and the king's demand to know what Becket had done with the large sums of money that had passed through his hands as Chancellor.


Seeing the writing on the wall, Becket fled to France where he remained in exile for six years. The two former friends appeared to resolve their dispute in 1170 when King Henry and Becket met in Normandy. On November 30, Becket crossed the Channel returning to his post at Canterbury. Earlier, while in France, Becket had excomunicated the Bishops of London and Salisbury for their support of the king. Now, Becket remained steadfast in his refusal to absolve the bishops. This news threw King Henry (still in France) into a rage in which he was purported to shout: "What sluggards, what cowards have I brought up in my court, who care nothing for their allegiance to their lord. Who will rid me of this meddlesome priest."


The king's exact words have been lost to history but his outrage inspired four knights (Richard Brito, Hugh de Moreville, Reginald FitzUrse, and William de Tracy) to sail to England to rid the realm of this annoying prelate. They arrived at Canterbury during the afternoon of December 29 and immediately searched for the Archbishop. Becket fled to the Cathedral where a service was in progress. The knights found him at the altar, drew their swords and began hacking at their victim finally splitting his skull.


The death of Becket unnerved the king. The knights who did the deed to curry the king's favor, fell into disgrace. Several miracles were said to occur at the tomb of the martyr and he was soon canonized. Hordes of pilgrims transformed Canterbury Cathedral into a shrine. Four years later, in an act of penance, the king donned a sack-cloth walking barefoot through the streets of Canterbury while eighty monks flogged him with branches. Henry capped his atonement by spending the night in the martyr's crypt. St. Thomas continued as a popular cultist figure for the remainder of the Middle Ages.


Observations of a Monk


Edward Grim, a monk, observed the attack from the safety of a hiding place near the altar. He wrote his account some time after the event. Acceptance of his description must be qualified by the influence that Becket's sainthood had on Grim's perspective. However, the fundamentals of his narrative are no doubt true. We pick up the story after the knights have stormed into the cathedral.


"The murderers followed him; 'Absolve', they cried, 'and restore to communion those whom you have excommunicated, and restore their powers to those whom you have suspended.'


"He answered, 'There has been no satisfaction, and I will not absolve them.'


'Then you shall die,' they cried, 'and receive what you deserve.'


'I am ready,' he replied, 'to die for my Lord, that in my blood the Church may obtain liberty and peace. But in the name of Almighty God, I forbid you to hurt my people whether clerk or lay.'


"Then they lay sacrilegious hands on him, pulling and dragging him that they may kill him outside the church, or carry him away a prisoner, as they afterwards confessed. But when he could not be forced away from the pillar, one of them pressed on him and clung to him more closely. Him he pushed off calling him 'pander', and saying, 'Touch me not, Reginald; you owe me fealty and subjection; you and your accomplices act like madmen.'


"The knight, fired with a terrible rage at this severe repulse, waved his sword over the sacred head. 'No faith', he cried, 'nor subjection do I owe you against my fealty to my lord the King.'


"Then the unconquered martyr seeing the hour at hand which should put an end to this miserable life and give him straightway the crown of immortality promised by the Lord, inclined his neck as one who prays and joining his hands he lifted them up, and commended his cause and that of the Church to God, to St. Mary, and to the blessed martry Denys. Scarce had he said the words than the wicked knight, fearing lest he should be rescued by the people and escape alive, leapt upon him suddenly and wounded this lamb who was sacrificed to God on the head, cutting off the top of the crown which the sacred unction of the chrism had dedicated to God; and by the same blow he wounded the arm of him who tells this. For he, when the others, both monks and clerks, fled, stuck close to the sainted Archbishop and held him in his arms till the one he interposed was almost severed.


"Then he received a second blow on the head but still stood firm. At the third blow he fell on his knees and elbows, offering himself a living victim, and saying in a low voice, 'For the Name of Jesus and the protection of the Church I am ready to embrace death.'


"Then the third knight inflicted a terrible wound as he lay, by which the sword was broken against the pavement, and the crown which was large was separated from the head. The fourth knight prevented any from interfering so that the others might freely perpetrate the murder.


"As to the fifth, no knight but that clerk who had entered with the knights, that a fifth blow might not be wanting to the martyr who was in other things like to Christ, he put his foot on the neck of the holy priest and precious martyr, and, horrible to say, scattered his brain and blood over the pavement, calling out to the others, 'Let us away, knights; he will rise no more.'


References:
Abbot, Edwin A., St. Thomas of Canterbury (1898); Compton, Piers, The Turbulent Priest (1964); Hollister, Warren C., Medieval Europe: a short history (1975)
Resources on the Web:
Henry II
Canterbury Cathedral


How To Cite This Article: "The Murder of Thomas Becket, 1170" EyeWitness to History, www.eyewitnesstohistory.com (1997).


The Saxon Church that originally stood on this site was completely destroyed by fire in 1067 and then the Choir of the reconstructed Cathedral was also destroyed in another fire in 1174. Fortunately, despite the bombing of Canterbury in the Second World War, the Cathedral did survive. I have seen a 1975 estimate that gave the cost of building a Cathedral of this size as 100million. Whatever the possible cost, nothing would replace the living history of this particular building notwithstanding its main purpose as a place of worship.
http://www.digiserve.com/peter/cath_p.htm



This effort at the Thomas Becket story is an amalgamation of information I have available to me together with details I have gathered from local historians with an interest in Canterbury. Like most tales that are 800 years old, there are bound to be variations depending upon the source. I only mention this in case there's some clever ------ out there who wants to berate me because my version doesn't match his or hers!




Thomas Becket (which for some reason seems to have been commonly shortened to Thomas Becket since I took History), was born on December 21, 1118, the son of Gilbert Becket,an English merchant and at one time Sheriff of London, and a French Mother, Matilda of Caen in Normandy. He was educated at Merton Priory in Surrey and was later sent to Paris to study. After five years in Paris, Thomas returned to England where he joined the staff of the then Archbishop of Canterbury, Theobald. However, he did not remain in England for long and the Archbishop sent him abroad again to study law.
Following his return to England, Thomas was made Archdeacon of Canterbury because of his skills at administration. After the death of King Stephen in 1154, it was Archbishop Theobald who recommended Thomas to the new King, Henry II (formerly Henry of Anjou) as Chancellor which was quite an increase in status. It is, of course, highly likely that Theobald was ensuring that he had a Church representative as close to the Throne as possible. Apparently, the two men, Henry and Thomas, took an instant liking to each other and this could well have been based on the fact that they were both forthright and hot tempered.


Archbishop Theobald died in 1161 and at that time, the King was the person to choose the successor. The decision took some time but Henry made up his mind that his friend, Thomas, would become the new Archbishop. As Thomas had been acting as Chancellor he had not risen in the Church as he might have and did not hold a particularly high 'rank'. Because of this, in 1162, on June 2nd he was firstly ordained as a priest and then ordained as a Bishop on the following morning. He was then made Archbishop later on the same day. The die, as it is said, was cast.


It was probable that Henry believed that with his friend in the highest office in the Church in England there would be an easy alliance between Church and State. However, when Henry amended laws to place the State in a position to take charge of cases involving the clergy, the trouble started. Thomas originally agreed to the changes but subsequently changed his mind and did penance to show that he had been wrong in his original decision. This act, in those days, was considered a considerable 'slap in the face' for Henry. As a result, Henry called Becket to Northampton and asked him to account for sums of money that had passed through his hands while he was chancellor and then later as the Archbishop of Canterbury. The conflict caused by these accusations was extreme and Thomas, already well liked by the general populace, was helped in October, 1164, to flee England for France.


Thomas remained in exile in France for six years, with the support of the King of France, first at Pontigny and then at Sens. In 1169, while still in France, he excommunicated the Bishops of London and Salisbury who had stood against him and supported the King. In 1170, while Henry was in France himself, Thomas returned to England and landed at the Port of Sandwich. He was cheered by the local people from the time he landed to his arrival back in Canterbury.


Meanwhile, back in France, the most ardent opponent of Thomas, who was Archbishop Roger of York had the ear of the King. Archbishop Roger, who, as Archbishop of York, would have been number two in the hierarchy of the Church in England, suggested to Henry that, 'while Thomas lives, you will have neither quiet times nor a tranquil kingdom'. This threw Henry into one of his rages and is supposed to have exclaimed one of the following:



"Who will rid me of this meddlesome priest"
"Who will rid me of this lowborn priest"
or, "Who will rid me of this turbulent priest"


Whichever words he used, they were overheard by four of his knights who decided that they could gain great favour by dealing with the problem and left immediately for England. The knights were; Richard Brito, Hugh de Moreville, Reginald FitzUrse, and William de Tracy. They made for Canterbury and arrived their in the late afternoon of December 29th, 1170 at the entrance that stood at that time, half way down Palace Street.


The knights arrival and their cries frightened the Monks and they persuaded Thomas to flee from his residence towards the Cathedral where they felt that he would be safe. They fled across what is now Green Court, down into the Dark Entry, turned left into the Cloisters and entered The Cathedral through the North West Transept. (There is now a belief that Thomas and the Monks actually fled from The Archbishop's Palace directly to the South Wing of The Great Cloisters. This is not the way the story was handed down to me although it does make a lot of sense given the layout of the buildings at the time). The service of Vespers was in progress when the knights burst into the Cathedral after following The Archbishop and the monks from the gates in Palace Street. Thomas shook off the Monks, now in a rage himself, and returned to the transept to face the four knights.



P.E. Blanche 1998
The Martyrdom
Click on this picture
for a larger version
The knights initially just grabbed at Thomas but he pushed them away and actually knocked FitzUrse to the floor. At this point, FitzUrse, who had been called 'a pimp' by Thomas in this shoving match drew his sword and threatened The Archbishop. De Tracey also drew his sword and called out, "strike! strike!" to the others and delivered the first blow. It took three more wounds before Thomas went down but then Brito delivered an almighty blow which actually severed the top of the cranium, spilling the brains of the priest on the floor. The tip of the sword came off with the strength of the impact.


It is said that there was a great storm within an hour of the death of the Archbishop and people flocked to the Cathedral to mourn for him. Three days after this there began a series of miracles which are depicted in 'the miracle windows' and were attributed to Thomas. In 1173, the Archbishop was canonized by Pope Alexander III.





Henry II doing penance
at the first Tomb of
St. Thomas in 1174.
P.E.Blanche 1998
On July 12, 1174 Henry II came to Canterbury to perform penance at the tomb of the Saint, probably more as a result of public pressure than anything else but it would be nice to thing that he was saddened by his part in the tragedy. It is said that he put on sack-cloth and ashes at Harbledown and walked barefoot into the City where he was beaten with birch twigs by eighty monks. He then did penance at the tomb of the martyr in the crypt, remaining there for the night and leaving the next morning. The picture of the stained glass window shown on this page gives one of the few representations of the probable original shape of the tomb.



Immediately after the murder the body of the Archbishop was prepared for burial and laid in state before the high altar before being taken into the East end of crypt where it was hastily buried behind the altar of the Chapel of Our Lady Undercroft.
The second site of the tomb of St. Thomas in
The Trinity Chapel
P.E.Blanche 1998
The remains of the Saint were kept in this location from 1170 to 1220 when they were moved to a new location in the Shrine which had been constructed in the Trinity Chapel. The Shrine was eventually destroyed by "Our 'Enery" (Henry VIII) in 1538.


It is said that the FitzUrse family was so ashamed for his part in this deed that they changed the family name to Bearham, based on the 'Urse' (or Ursa) part of the name. This eventually became Barham and the village about six miles South of Canterbury and once owned by the family still carries this name. (This is comment I have heard but have not actually seen in any book or record).
http://www.digiserve.com/peter/becket.htm


What Happened to Thomas Becket? (300 years after is death, mystery of his remains and Henry VIII -The Chapel of St. Mary Magdalen - two services are held in this Chapel twice every year, one on anniversary of the date of the original translation, July 7th, and the other on the date of the murder, December 29th.


http://www.digiserve.com/peter/becket2.htm


                          __
                         |  
                       __|
                      |  |
                      |  |__
                      |     
 _GILBERT a' BECKETT _|
|                     |
|                     |   __
|                     |  |  
|                     |__|
|                        |
|                        |__
|                           
|
|--SAINT THOMAS BECKETT of Canterbury
|  (1118 - 1170)
|                         __
|                        |  
|                      __|
|                     |  |
|                     |  |__
|                     |     
|_MATILDA of Caen_____|
                      |
                      |   __
                      |  |  
                      |__|
                         |
                         |__
                            

Sources

[S3390]


INDEX

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Agnes Ann BLACK

ABT 1750 - ____

ID Number: I41029


Family 1 : John MCNISH II
  1.  John MCNISH III
  2.  James MCNISH II

Notes


Agnes Ann Black (Shwartz)

[198932]
died in childbirth

Sources

[S1500]

[S2657]


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Col. Nehemiah BLACKISTONE

1636 - 11 Dec 1693

ID Number: I82095

  • TITLE: Col.
  • RESIDENCE: St. Mary's Co. MD
  • BIRTH: 1636
  • DEATH: 11 Dec 1693, St. Mary's Co. Maryland
  • RESOURCES: See: LDS [S2252]
Father: Marmaduke (John) BLACKISTONE "the Immigrant"
Mother: Susan CHAMBERS


Family 1 : Elizabeth GERARD
  1. +John BLACKISTONE
  2.  Rebecca BLACKISTONE
  3.  Elizabeth BLACKISTONE
  4.  Susanna BLACKISTONE
  5.  Ann BLACKISTONE

Notes


"She married Col. Nehemiah BLACKISTONE 6 May 1669 in 4th Dist., SMC. MD, son of Marmaduke (John) BLACKISTONE and Susan CHAMBERS. He was born 1636, and died 11 Dec 1693 in 4th Dist., SMC. MD." [S2252]

                                                   __
                                                  |  
                                                __|
                                               |  |
                                               |  |__
                                               |     
 _Marmaduke (John) BLACKISTONE "the Immigrant"_|
| (1570 - 1639)                                |
|                                              |   __
|                                              |  |  
|                                              |__|
|                                                 |
|                                                 |__
|                                                    
|
|--Nehemiah BLACKISTONE 
|  (1636 - 1693)
|                                                  __
|                                                 |  
|                                               __|
|                                              |  |
|                                              |  |__
|                                              |     
|_Susan CHAMBERS ______________________________|
  (1600 - ....)                                |
                                               |   __
                                               |  |  
                                               |__|
                                                  |
                                                  |__
                                                     

Sources

[S2252]

[S2252]


INDEX

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Elizabeth Wormley CARTER

ABT 1736 - ____

ID Number: I58937

  • OCCUPATION: Rev War Heroine
  • RESIDENCE: of Lancaster and Hanover Cos. VA
  • BIRTH: ABT 1736, "Sabine Hall", Richmond Co. Virginia
  • RESOURCES: See: [S2128] [S2170]
Father: Landon CARTER of Sabine Hall
Mother: Elizabeth WORMELEY of Rosegill


Family 1 : Nelson BERKELEY of Airwell
  1.  Mary Nelson BERKLEY
  2. +Carter Burwell BERKELEY

Notes


"5--2. Elizabeth Wormley, a Revolutionary heroine. She saved the Communion Silver of the Parish Church from capture by Tarleton and his men; m. 1756, Hon. Nelson Berkeley, of "Airwell," Hanover Co., Va., son of Col. Edmund and Mary (Nelson) Berkeley, of "Barn
Elms," and had issue." [S2128]

                                                                            _John CARTER of Corotoman_____+
                                                                           | (1613 - 1669)                
                                  _Robert "King" CARTER Colony of Virginia_|
                                 | (1663 - 1732) m 1701                    |
                                 |                                         |_Sarah LUDLOW of Dinton_______+
                                 |                                           (1635 - 1668)                
 _Landon CARTER of Sabine Hall___|
| (1713 - 1778) m 1734           |
|                                |                                          _Thomas LANDON Esq.___________
|                                |                                         | (1650 - ....)                
|                                |_Elizabeth "Betty" LANDON _______________|
|                                  (1674 - 1720) m 1701                    |
|                                                                          |_Mary de LAVAL _______________
|                                                                            (1650 - ....)                
|
|--Elizabeth Wormley CARTER 
|  (1736 - ....)
|                                                                           _Ralph WORMELEY of "Rosegill"_+
|                                                                          | (1650 - 1703) m 1687         
|                                 _John WORMELEY of Rosegill_______________|
|                                | (1689 - 1726) m 1712                    |
|                                |                                         |_Elizabeth ARMISTEAD _________+
|                                |                                           (1667 - 1716) m 1687         
|_Elizabeth WORMELEY of Rosegill_|
  (1714 - 1740) m 1734           |
                                 |                                          ______________________________
                                 |                                         |                              
                                 |_Elizabeth_______________________________|
                                   (1690 - ....) m 1712                    |
                                                                           |______________________________
                                                                                                          

Sources

[S2128]

[S2170]

[S2128]


INDEX

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Marion "Birdie" COBB

31 Jan 1860 - 7 Jun 1919

ID Number: I97633

  • RESIDENCE: Athens, GA
  • BIRTH: 31 Jan 1860
  • DEATH: 7 Jun 1919
  • RESOURCES: See: [S2387]
Father: Thomas Reade Rootes COBB C.S.A.
Mother: Marion McHenry LUMPKIN


Notes


vi. MARION "BIRDIE" COBB, b. January 31, 1860; d. June 07, 1919.

                                                                                    _John Addison COBBS Jr._+
                                                                                   | (1740 - 1803) m 1769   
                                   _John Addison COBB _____________________________|
                                  | (1783 - 1855) m 1812                           |
                                  |                                                |_Mildred LEWIS _________+
                                  |                                                  (1753 - 1791) m 1769   
 _Thomas Reade Rootes COBB C.S.A._|
| (1823 - 1862) m 1844            |
|                                 |                                                 _Thomas Reade ROOTES II_+
|                                 |                                                | (1763 - 1824) m 1783   
|                                 |_Sarah Robinson ROOTES _________________________|
|                                   (1792 - 1865) m 1812                           |
|                                                                                  |_Sarah Ryng BATTAILE ___+
|                                                                                    (1760 - 1811) m 1783   
|
|--Marion "Birdie" COBB 
|  (1860 - 1919)
|                                                                                   _John H. LUMPKIN _______+
|                                                                                  | (1760 - ....) m 1780   
|                                  _Joseph Henry LUMPKIN "The Great Chief Justice"_|
|                                 | (1799 - 1867) m 1821                           |
|                                 |                                                |_Lucy Elizabeth HOPSON _
|                                 |                                                  (1760 - ....) m 1780   
|_Marion McHenry LUMPKIN _________|
  (1822 - 1897) m 1844            |
                                  |                                                 ________________________
                                  |                                                |                        
                                  |_Callender C. GRIEVE ___________________________|
                                    (1803 - ....) m 1821                           |
                                                                                   |________________________
                                                                                                            

Sources

[S2387]


INDEX

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John DUDLEY

Abt 1743 or 1770 - ____

ID Number: I12504

  • RESIDENCE: Onslow Co. NC
  • BIRTH: Abt 1743 or 1770, Of Chowan, North Carolina
  • RESOURCES: See: LDS (AFN: 16TC-6TQ) [S393] [S828]
Father: Bishop DUDLEY
Mother: Rebecca WARD


Notes


Died without children

                                                _Christopher DUDLEY _+
                                               | (1650 - 1745) m 1709
                       _Christopher DUDLEY Jr._|
                      | (1680 - 1764) m 1704   |
                      |                        |_Ann CHURCH _________
                      |                          (1680 - 1745) m 1709
 _Bishop DUDLEY ______|
| (.... - 1787)       |
|                     |                         _George BISHOP Sr.___+
|                     |                        | (1690 - 1744)       
|                     |_Elizabeth BISHOP ______|
|                       (1710 - 1760) m 1704   |
|                                              |_Elizabeth___________
|                                                (1690 - 1748)       
|
|--John DUDLEY 
|  
|                                               _____________________
|                                              |                     
|                      ________________________|
|                     |                        |
|                     |                        |_____________________
|                     |                                              
|_Rebecca WARD _______|
  (.... - 1788)       |
                      |                         _____________________
                      |                        |                     
                      |________________________|
                                               |
                                               |_____________________
                                                                     

Sources

[S393]

[S828]


INDEX

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Henry George GRIMES

16 Mar 1837 - 8 Jan 1866

ID Number: I49654

  • OCCUPATION: C.S.A. 20th Brigade, Texas Militia
  • RESIDENCE: Lee Co. VA & TN & MO & TX
  • BIRTH: 16 Mar 1837, Cumberland Gap, Lee Co. VA
  • DEATH: 8 Jan 1866, Texas
  • BURIAL: Mt Gilead Cemetery, Keller, Texas
  • RESOURCES: See: [S1776]
Father: Thomas GRIMES
Mother: Lucinda HOSKINS



                          __
                         |  
                       __|
                      |  |
                      |  |__
                      |     
 _Thomas GRIMES ______|
| (1814 - 1876) m 1834|
|                     |   __
|                     |  |  
|                     |__|
|                        |
|                        |__
|                           
|
|--Henry George GRIMES 
|  (1837 - 1866)
|                         __
|                        |  
|                      __|
|                     |  |
|                     |  |__
|                     |     
|_Lucinda HOSKINS ____|
  (1813 - 1882) m 1834|
                      |   __
                      |  |  
                      |__|
                         |
                         |__
                            

Sources

[S1776]


INDEX

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© 1995, 1997, 1998, 2000. Josephine Lindsay Bass and Becky Bonner.   All rights reserved.

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Lovell HARRISON

ABT 1700 - ____

ID Number: I5210

  • RESIDENCE: of Stafford Co. VA
  • BIRTH: ABT 1700
  • RESOURCES: See: NOT PROVEN Father of Ann Harrison notes [S209] [S776]
Father: (RESEARCH QUERY) HARRISON


Family 1 :
  1. +Ann (Mary) HARRISON

Notes


The Kelly Family. Library of Congress # 72-86152, Published by Laura Kelly and Esther Kelly Watson, April, 1972. Call no. CS/71/K29/1972. Subtitled Thomas Kelly (1742-1812) His Descendants and Interrelated Families - states Lovell is father of Ann - no sources given.

                                 __
                                |  
                              __|
                             |  |
                             |  |__
                             |     
 _(RESEARCH QUERY) HARRISON _|
|                            |
|                            |   __
|                            |  |  
|                            |__|
|                               |
|                               |__
|                                  
|
|--Lovell HARRISON 
|  (1700 - ....)
|                                __
|                               |  
|                             __|
|                            |  |
|                            |  |__
|                            |     
|____________________________|
                             |
                             |   __
                             |  |  
                             |__|
                                |
                                |__
                                   

Sources

[S209]

[S776]


INDEX

HOMEBack to My Southern Family Home Page



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Baron THOMAS HOO 1st of Hoo Knt. K.G.

ABT 1396 - 13 Feb 1454

ID Number: I43399

  • TITLE: Baron
  • RESIDENCE: of Hoo in Luton co. Bedford, England
  • BIRTH: ABT 1396, Luton Hoo, Bedfordshire, England
  • DEATH: 13 Feb 1454
  • RESOURCES: See: [S1531] [S2292] [S2462] [S1877]
Father: WILLIAM de HOO
Mother: ALIX de ST OMER


Family 1 : ELIZABETH FELTON
Family 2 : ELIZABETH de ECHINGHAM of Hoo
  1. +ANNE (Hastings) de HOO
Family 3 : ELEANOR WELLES
  1. +ANNE HOO

                                                    _ROBERT de HOO ________________
                                                   | (1274 - 1340)                 
                       _THOMAS de HOO of Luton Hoo_|
                      | (1310 - 1380)              |
                      |                            |_______________________________
                      |                                                            
 _WILLIAM de HOO _____|
| (1340 - 1407)       |
|                     |                             _JOHN ST. LEGER Lord Of Offley_+
|                     |                            | (1300 - ....)                 
|                     |_ISABELLE de ST. LEGER _____|
|                       (1319 - 1393)              |
|                                                  |_ISABELLE______________________
|                                                    (1300 - ....)                 
|
|--THOMAS HOO 1st of Hoo Knt. K.G.
|  (1396 - 1454)
|                                                   _______________________________
|                                                  |                               
|                      ____________________________|
|                     |                            |
|                     |                            |_______________________________
|                     |                                                            
|_ALIX de ST OMER ____|
  (1345 - ....)       |
                      |                             _______________________________
                      |                            |                               
                      |____________________________|
                                                   |
                                                   |_______________________________
                                                                                   

Sources

[S1531]

[S2292]

[S2462]

[S1877]


INDEX

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Robert HOUSTON

1760 - 1835

ID Number: I74858

  • OCCUPATION: Sheriff, Knox Co. TN
  • RESIDENCE: Rockbridge, VA and Knox Co. TN
  • BIRTH: 1760, Rockbridge, Virginia
  • DEATH: 1835, Knoxville, Knox, Tennessee
  • RESOURCES: See: notes LDS AF R18N-6G [S3464]
Father: Samuel Cunningham HOUSTON
Mother: Elizabeth MCCROSKEY


Family 1 : Martha BLACKBURN
  1.  Joseph Erasmus HOUSTON

Notes


Joseph Erasmus Houston (circa 1800-circa 1880?) was the sheriff of Monroe Co.and lived at Madisonville. He was the son of Robert Houston b.1760 and his second wife Eliza Lockhart (or Martha Blackburn?).


Children:
2 George Blackburn HOUSTON + Lamanda MONDAY
2 Joseph Erasmus HOUSTON d: aft 1878 + Eliza McDonald Clark HAIRE d: aft 1878
2 Lochard E. HOUSTON b: ABT. 1810 + Sue Maury PARRISH
2 Samuel Moore HOUSTON + Mary P. HENDON
2 Elizabeth L. HOUSTON + J. W. NORWOOD




                                                                _Samuel HOUSTON _____________+
                                                               | (1650 - 1730) m 1670        
                              _John HOUSTON II "the Immigrant"_|
                             | (1689 - 1754) m 1717            |
                             |                                 |_Margaret MCCLUNG ___________
                             |                                   (1650 - 1747) m 1670        
 _Samuel Cunningham HOUSTON _|
| (1728 - 1797) m 1753       |
|                            |                                  _____________________________
|                            |                                 |                             
|                            |_Margaret Mary CUNNINGHAM _______|
|                              (1696 - 1754) m 1717            |
|                                                              |_____________________________
|                                                                                            
|
|--Robert HOUSTON 
|  (1760 - 1835)
|                                                               _(RESEARCH QUERY) MCCROSKEY _
|                                                              |                             
|                             _John MCCROSKEY "the Immigrant"__|
|                            | (1680 - 1758) m 1711            |
|                            |                                 |_____________________________
|                            |                                                               
|_Elizabeth MCCROSKEY _______|
  (1728 - ....) m 1753       |
                             |                                  _____________________________
                             |                                 |                             
                             |_Elizabeth GAY __________________|
                               (1684 - ....) m 1711            |
                                                               |_____________________________
                                                                                             

Sources

[S3464]


INDEX

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Nannie P. MEADOWS

ABT 1870 - ____

ID Number: I147

  • RESIDENCE: Lauderdale Co., AL
  • BIRTH: ABT 1870
  • RESOURCES: See: [S33]
Father: Riley Brantley MEADOWS
Mother: Elizabeth A. LINDSAY



                                                       _____________________
                                                      |                     
                           ___________________________|
                          |                           |
                          |                           |_____________________
                          |                                                 
 _Riley Brantley MEADOWS _|
| (1842 - 1915) m 1866    |
|                         |                            _____________________
|                         |                           |                     
|                         |___________________________|
|                                                     |
|                                                     |_____________________
|                                                                           
|
|--Nannie P. MEADOWS 
|  (1870 - ....)
|                                                      _William H. LINDSAY _+
|                                                     | (1780 - 1815) m 1802
|                          _Zachariah "Zack" LINDSAY _|
|                         | (1814 - 1892) m 1835      |
|                         |                           |_Mary "Polly" ALVIS _+
|                         |                             (1780 - 1817) m 1802
|_Elizabeth A. LINDSAY ___|
  (1842 - 1906) m 1866    |
                          |                            _____________________
                          |                           |                     
                          |_Martha M. MONTGOMERY _____|
                            (1816 - 1849) m 1835      |
                                                      |_____________________
                                                                            

Sources

[S33]


INDEX

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Elizabeth PORTER

ABT 1750 - ____

ID Number: I101365

  • RESIDENCE: of Culpeper Co. VA
  • BIRTH: ABT 1750
  • RESOURCES: See: [S1615]

Family 1 : John GRIGSBY
  1. +Jane GRIGSBY

Sources

[S1615]


INDEX

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James SHIELDS III

27 Oct 1739 - ____

ID Number: I66174

  • RESIDENCE: York Co. VA
  • BIRTH: 27 Oct 1739
  • RESOURCES: See: LDS
Father: James SHIELDS II
Mother: Anne MAROT


Family 1 : Susannah PAGE

Notes


Children:
3 James SHIELDS
3 Mary Coleman SHIELDS
3 Susannah Allen SHIELDS
3 John Page SHIELDS
3 Page SHIELDS
3 Anne Taylor SHIELDS
3 Christiana Brown SHIELDS
3 David Minge SHIELDS
3 Henry SHIELDS
3 Judith Bray English SHIELDS b: 11 Oct 1785 + Thomas WALKER
3 Matthew Wyatt SHIELDS
Spouse 2:+ Rebecca LAWSON
3 Thomas Lawson SHIELDS


                                                    _Willliam SHIELDS "the Immigrant"_+
                                                   | (1630 - 1699)                    
                       _James SHIELDS I____________|
                      | (1674 - 1727) m 1691       |
                      |                            |_Elizabeth BRAY __________________
                      |                              (1624 - ....)                    
 _James SHIELDS II____|
| (1700 - 1750) m 1738|
|                     |                             _Jean MAROT "the Immigrant"_______
|                     |                            | (1676 - 1717)                    
|                     |_Hannah MAROT ______________|
|                       (1680 - ....) m 1691       |
|                                                  |_Anne PASTEUR ____________________
|                                                    (1681 - 1742)                    
|
|--James SHIELDS III
|  (1739 - ....)
|                                                   __________________________________
|                                                  |                                  
|                      _Jean MAROT "the Immigrant"_|
|                     | (1676 - 1717)              |
|                     |                            |__________________________________
|                     |                                                               
|_Anne MAROT _________|
  (1703 - ....) m 1738|
                      |                             __________________________________
                      |                            |                                  
                      |_Anne PASTEUR ______________|
                        (1681 - 1742)              |
                                                   |__________________________________
                                                                                      

Sources


INDEX

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JOAN de STRICKLAND

ABT 1274 - ____

ID Number: I51200

Father: WILLIAM de STRICKLAND


Family 1 : ROBERT de WASHINGTON
  1. +ROBERT de WASHINGTON II of Carnforth

Notes


daughter of Sir William de Strickland and Unknown.
"REF: "George Washington's Family" (copied (I think) from Burke's Peerage of American Presidents): de Strickland, a north country family notable for supplying several Sheriffs of their county, a deputy lieutenant for their county, the bearer of the Banner of St. George at the Battle of Agincourt (1415) during the 100 Years War, & the leader of a Royalist infantry regiment at the Battle of Edgehill in the 17th century English civil war."


[S2174]


                             __
                            |  
                          __|
                         |  |
                         |  |__
                         |     
 _WILLIAM de STRICKLAND _|
| (1200 - ....)          |
|                        |   __
|                        |  |  
|                        |__|
|                           |
|                           |__
|                              
|
|--JOAN de STRICKLAND 
|  (1274 - ....)
|                            __
|                           |  
|                         __|
|                        |  |
|                        |  |__
|                        |     
|________________________|
                         |
                         |   __
                         |  |  
                         |__|
                            |
                            |__
                               

Sources

[S1827]

[S1994]

[S2174]

[S2174]


INDEX

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Robert W. WILLIAMS

ABT 1810 - ____

ID Number: I30795

  • RESIDENCE: Halifax & Pittsylvania Cos. VA
  • BIRTH: ABT 1810
  • RESOURCES: See: [S180] [S2488]

Family 1 : Frances Ann WATKINS
  1.  Benjamin Watkins WILLIAMS
  2.  Robert Martin WILLIAMS
  3.  Cornelia WILLIAMS
  4.  Sallie Jane WILLIAMS

Sources

[S180]

[S2488]


INDEX

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Elizabeth WILLIAMSON

ABT 1690 - ____

ID Number: I53570

  • RESIDENCE: Essex Co. VA
  • BIRTH: ABT 1690
  • RESOURCES: See: Notes of Henry ID 45953
Father: Henry WILLIAMSON Gent.
Mother: Catherine WEEKES


Family 1 : Thomas MERIWETHER

                                                _____________________
                                               |                     
                          _____________________|
                         |                     |
                         |                     |_____________________
                         |                                           
 _Henry WILLIAMSON Gent._|
| (1643 - 1699) m 1693   |
|                        |                      _____________________
|                        |                     |                     
|                        |_____________________|
|                                              |
|                                              |_____________________
|                                                                    
|
|--Elizabeth WILLIAMSON 
|  (1690 - ....)
|                                               _Francis WEEKES _____
|                                              | (1620 - 1689)       
|                         _Abraham WEEKES _____|
|                        | (1631 - 1692) m 1660|
|                        |                     |_____________________
|                        |                                           
|_Catherine WEEKES ______|
  (1660 - ....) m 1693   |
                         |                      _____________________
                         |                     |                     
                         |_Milicent____________|
                           (1630 - ....) m 1660|
                                               |_____________________
                                                                     

Sources


INDEX

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© 1995, 1997, 1998, 2000. Josephine Lindsay Bass and Becky Bonner.   All rights reserved.

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