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ALPHONSE XI

____ - ____

ID Number: I104772

  • OCCUPATION: Moslem siege of Gibraltar
  • RESIDENCE: Castile
  • RESOURCES: See: notes

Family 1 : MARIA of Portugal
  1. +PEDRO "the Cruel" of Castile
Family 2 : LEONOR de GUZMAN
  1.  ENRIQUE de Trastamare
  2.  FADRIQUE

Notes


King Alfonso XI : Alphonse XI the Avenger (1311 - 1350, Gibraltar)


Pedro was The only legitimate son of Alfonso XI and his wife, Maria of Portugal, Pedro struggled for power during much of his rule with illegitimate siblings born through his father's long-lasting union with his mistress, Leonor de Guzman. In one important respect, Pedro's life mirrored that of his father: he, too, preferred the company of a mistress (Maria of Padilla) to that of his wife. But while Alfonso's relationship with his mistress did little, if any, harm to his kingly image (indeed, Leonor was seen positively as an influential and well-respected advisor; her presence on the battlefield with Alfonso during the siege of Gibraltar is of particular note), Pedro's neglect of his wife, Blanche of Bourbon, did him irreparable personal damage. Years of civil war, the depletion of the royal treasury, a series of unfavorable and ultimately useless pacts with foreigners (e.g., Edward, Prince of Wales [the Black Prince]), and the increasing success of his half brother, Enrique of Trastamara also contributed to Pedro's demise. His rule came to an end when he was killed by Enrique, who replaced him on the throne. The details of this final encounter, immortalized in ballad and chronicle, are riveting.


Clara Estow's account of Pedro I's reign captures the drama, suspense, and historical detail of the ruler's story. Moving from a carefully-researched description of Alfonso XI's final moments as he strove for victory against the Muslims in Gibraltar-a victory he had hoped would allow him to fulfill his reconquest dream of invading Morocco-to the early years of his far less formidable son's rule, Estow traces the events and conflicts that would ultimately lead to Pedro's overthrow by his illegitimate half-brother. During the course of her account of Pedro's middle and later years, she highlights a number of salient but not-so-dramatic issues-often given less attention than the king's more captivating personal dealings-painting a complex picture of the workings of Castile's economy and its important effect on the successes and failures of its rulers. Two excellent chapters (Royal Finances, The Mercenaries) are dedicated to exploring sources of royal revenue and the critical role of finance in carrying out military operations on the Peninsula.


Estow also gives particular weight to the involvement of women in Castilian politics and economics (Castile, 1351; Of Wives and Lovers). Throughout, she notes decisions and events affecting Castilian women's everyday lives (e.g., a petition sent to Alfonso XI in the wake of the Black Death asking him to grant widows permission to remarry without penalty before the prescribed year of obligatory mourning). Estow is especially concerned to broker differences among historians regarding Pedro's treatment of Jews (and, to a somewhat lesser extent, Muslims). In a separate chapter (Ennobler of Jews and Moors), she analyzes the king's involvement with members of this group both at Court (e.g., Pedro's treasurer, Samuel Halevi, who built the famous Toledan synagogue known as el Transito, and dedicated it to the king) and in various Castilian cities. As she points out, anti-Pedro propaganda insisted on the ruler's deep sympathy with this group (Froissart, building on the propaganda, reports in his chronicle that Enrique called Pedro a "Jewish son of a whore" before killing him).


Many historians agree that Pedro treated Jews more favorably than did other medieval Castilian rulers, but Estow thinks otherwise. Constructing her argument largely around Pedro's concern to keep the coffers of the royal treasury filled, she concludes that Jews' essential economic role in Castile and their utility to the Crown were the sole motivation for Pedro's refusal to agree to a number of anti-Jewish petitions that came before him. Yet Estow's own description of, for example, Pedro's brother Enrique's zeal for robbing Jewish quarters and killing or auctioning the inhabitants (e.g., the sack of Alcana so vividly detailed by the chronicler, Pedro L6pez de Ayala; the public auction of Toledan Jews and their property to pay his mercenary troops) suggests that there may be legitimate grounds on which to favorably contrast Pedro's behavior towards Jews with that of other rulers. (While it is true that Pedro eventually had his Jewish treasurer Halevi killed, it is not at all clear that this was an anti-Jewish act; Pedro, like other rulers surrounded by hostile groups, came to distrust-and as a result put to death-many of his advisors who were Christian).


Although Estow's book may not resolve this and several other similarly polarizing debates concerning Pedro the Cruel (e.g., whether or not he merited his epithet), it does provide an extremely useful and often gripping narrative of his reign. It also offers a highly-readable synthesis in English of primary and secondary historical materials. For those who study the fascinating literature produced during Pedro's reign (including of course the ballads of the Romancero del rey don Pedro), it offers an important context for critical analysis.


Copyright University of Pennsylvania, Romance Languages Department Autumn 1997
Provided by ProQuest Information and Learning Company. All rights Reserved.
http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3670/is_199710/ai_n87 66570


Alphonse XI le Justicier (1311-1350), roi de Castille et de León (1312-1350).

Sources


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Burt ALVIS

30 Jul 1907 - 17 Aug 1965

ID Number: I10008

  • RESIDENCE: Hawkins Co. TN & Ft Bliss, TX
  • BIRTH: 30 Jul 1907, Hw Co, TN
  • DEATH: 17 Aug 1965, Ft Bliss, TX
  • BURIAL: Ft Bliss Cem, Grave2085 Sec D, TX
  • RESOURCES: See: [S321] [S1164]
Father: Robert Blevens ALVIS
Mother: Evelyn L BREWER


Family 1 : Eula STILL
  1.  Helen ALVIS
  2.  Burt Leon ALVIS
  3.  Sherl U ALVIS

Notes


aka: Burton B.

                                                   _John M. ALVIS ______+
                                                  | (1814 - 1860) m 1835
                         _William N. ALVIS C.S.A._|
                        | (1844 - 1899) m 1865    |
                        |                         |_Naomi HART _________
                        |                           (1821 - 1900) m 1835
 _Robert Blevens ALVIS _|
| (1881 - 1945) m 1905  |
|                       |                          _____________________
|                       |                         |                     
|                       |_Mary Ann LIPE __________|
|                         (1845 - ....) m 1865    |
|                                                 |_____________________
|                                                                       
|
|--Burt ALVIS 
|  (1907 - 1965)
|                                                  _____________________
|                                                 |                     
|                        _________________________|
|                       |                         |
|                       |                         |_____________________
|                       |                                               
|_Evelyn L BREWER ______|
  (1880 - 1945) m 1905  |
                        |                          _____________________
                        |                         |                     
                        |_________________________|
                                                  |
                                                  |_____________________
                                                                        

Sources

[S321]

[S1164]


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Frank Keller CANULETTE JR


!LIVING

INDEX

John DIXON "the immigrant"

ABT 1700 - 1758

ID Number: I60357

  • RESIDENCE: ENG and Spotsylvania Co. VA
  • BIRTH: ABT 1700, of Bristol, England
  • DEATH: 1758, Virginia
  • RESOURCES: See: [S2170] [S2247] [S2659] [S2815]

Family 1 : Lucy READE
  1. +Roger DIXON
  2. +Mary Elizabeth DIXON

Notes


LVA: R. Bolling Batte Electronic Card Index; Page: Dillard, Card 60-61


John or Roger Dixon?

Sources

[S2170]

[S2247]

[S2659]

[S2815]


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Nancy ETAL

ABT 1780 - ____

ID Number: I35153

  • RESIDENCE: Marion Co. MS
  • BIRTH: ABT 1780
  • RESOURCES: See: [S473]

Family 1 : Martin LEWIS
  1. +Levisa LEWIS

Sources

[S473]


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Alexandrea Louise GUERRANT


!LIVING

INDEX

Dr. John Milton JOHNSON

ABT 1810 - ____

ID Number: I79216

  • TITLE: Dr.
  • RESIDENCE: Paducah, KY and TX
  • BIRTH: ABT 1810
  • RESOURCES: See: [S3015]

Family 1 :
  1. +Antonia JOHNSON

Sources

[S3015]


INDEX

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Sarah MAGRUDER

ABT 1750 - ____

ID Number: I102402

  • RESIDENCE: Prince George Co. MD
  • BIRTH: ABT 1750
  • RESOURCES: See: [S3405]

Family 1 : William LYLES
  1.  Thomas C. LYLES

Notes


Marriage 2 Sarah MAGRUDER

Sources

[S3405]


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Sallie MCCROSKEY

ABT 1840 - ____

ID Number: I27916

  • RESIDENCE: TN
  • BIRTH: ABT 1840
  • RESOURCES: See: [S1042]
Father: (RESEARCH QUERY) MCCROSKEY


Family 1 : Edmond Samuel HODGES

                                  __
                                 |  
                               __|
                              |  |
                              |  |__
                              |     
 _(RESEARCH QUERY) MCCROSKEY _|
|                             |
|                             |   __
|                             |  |  
|                             |__|
|                                |
|                                |__
|                                   
|
|--Sallie MCCROSKEY 
|  (1840 - ....)
|                                 __
|                                |  
|                              __|
|                             |  |
|                             |  |__
|                             |     
|_____________________________|
                              |
                              |   __
                              |  |  
                              |__|
                                 |
                                 |__
                                    

Sources

[S1042]


INDEX

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Lucy PENDLETON

1800 - ____

ID Number: I12378

  • RESIDENCE: Amherst Co. VA
  • BIRTH: 1800
  • RESOURCES: See: [S123]
Father: Richard Spotts PENDLETON
Mother: Mary TINSLEY


Family 1 : Wesley E. CHRISTIAN

[523211]
(Virginia Marriage Index, 1740-1850)


                                                                       _John PENDLETON _____+
                                                                      | (1691 - 1775) m 1719
                             _William or John? or Richard? PENDLETON _|
                            | (1720 - 1779) m 1748                    |
                            |                                         |_Mary TINSLEY _______+
                            |                                           (1703 - ....) m 1719
 _Richard Spotts PENDLETON _|
| (1760 - 1829) m 1784      |
|                           |                                          _Edward TINSLEY Sr.__+
|                           |                                         | (1704 - 1782) m 1724
|                           |_Elizabeth TINSLEY ______________________|
|                             (1727 - 1783) m 1748                    |
|                                                                     |_Margaret TAYLOR ____+
|                                                                       (1705 - 1782) m 1724
|
|--Lucy PENDLETON 
|  (1800 - ....)
|                                                                      _Edward TINSLEY Sr.__+
|                                                                     | (1704 - 1782) m 1724
|                            _Edward TINSLEY Jr.______________________|
|                           | (1730 - 1798) m 1760                    |
|                           |                                         |_Margaret TAYLOR ____+
|                           |                                           (1705 - 1782) m 1724
|_Mary TINSLEY _____________|
  (1762 - 1844) m 1784      |
                            |                                          _John BUFORD ________+
                            |                                         | (1707 - 1787) m 1735
                            |_Elizabeth BUFORD _______________________|
                              (1740 - 1803) m 1760                    |
                                                                      |_Judith EARLY _______+
                                                                        (1710 - 1781) m 1735

Sources

[S123]


INDEX

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James RUCKS

1751 - ____

ID Number: I68982

  • RESIDENCE: Chesterfield Co. VA
  • BIRTH: 1751
  • RESOURCES: See: [S2631] [S2632]
Father: William RUCKS
Mother: Elizabeth PAYNE?


Family 1 : Sarah MOSELEY
  1.  Patience Moseley RUCKS
  2.  Jabez RUCKS

Notes


CONFLICT on spouses and mother of children: 2 James Rucks 1st wife unknown, mother of Patience.

                          __
                         |  
                       __|
                      |  |
                      |  |__
                      |     
 _William RUCKS ______|
| (1720 - 1777) m 1742|
|                     |   __
|                     |  |  
|                     |__|
|                        |
|                        |__
|                           
|
|--James RUCKS 
|  (1751 - ....)
|                         __
|                        |  
|                      __|
|                     |  |
|                     |  |__
|                     |     
|_Elizabeth PAYNE? ___|
  (1720 - ....) m 1742|
                      |   __
                      |  |  
                      |__|
                         |
                         |__
                            

Sources

[S2631]

[S2632]


INDEX

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© 1995, 1997, 1998, 2000. Josephine Lindsay Bass and Becky Bonner.   All rights reserved.

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James Madison W. TINSLEY

13 Mar 1831 - 1 Sep 1895

ID Number: I83132

  • RESIDENCE: Barren now Allen Co. KY and Hardin Co. IL
  • BIRTH: 13 Mar 1831
  • DEATH: 1 Sep 1895
  • RESOURCES: See: [S2652]
Father: John TINSLEY
Mother: Nancy BROOKS


Family 1 : Mary Jane YORK

Notes


ames Madison W. TINSLEY b: 13 MAR 1831 d: 1 SEP 1895 + Mary Jane York b: 0-___-1832 d: 0-___-1868 + Louisa b: 1820


Children:
John James Tinsley b. 13 Jul 1857 in Allen Co, KY
Nancy J.M. S.J. Tinsley b. 14 Sep 1858 in Allen Co, KY
Mary A.S. Tinsley b. 1862 in Hardin Co, IL
Eliza A. L. W. Tinsley b. Jan 1865 in Hardin Co, IL
Cassander C. Tinsley b. 1868 in Hardin Co, IL


                                             _Thomas TINSLEY _____+
                                            | (1730 - 1797)       
                       _Elijah TINSLEY _____|
                      | (1776 - ....) m 1802|
                      |                     |_____________________
                      |                                           
 _John TINSLEY _______|
| (1804 - 1866) m 1827|
|                     |                      _____________________
|                     |                     |                     
|                     |_Sarah HILL _________|
|                       (1786 - 1850) m 1802|
|                                           |_____________________
|                                                                 
|
|--James Madison W. TINSLEY 
|  (1831 - 1895)
|                                            _____________________
|                                           |                     
|                      _____________________|
|                     |                     |
|                     |                     |_____________________
|                     |                                           
|_Nancy BROOKS _______|
  (1807 - 1869) m 1827|
                      |                      _____________________
                      |                     |                     
                      |_____________________|
                                            |
                                            |_____________________
                                                                  

Sources

[S2652]


INDEX

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© 1995, 1997, 1998, 2000. Josephine Lindsay Bass and Becky Bonner.   All rights reserved.

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Mary WHIDON

BEF 1725 - ____

ID Number: I1763

  • RESIDENCE: VA
  • BIRTH: BEF 1725
  • RESOURCES: See: [S82]
Father: John WHIDON


Family 1 : Markham HERBERT

                          __
                         |  
                       __|
                      |  |
                      |  |__
                      |     
 _John WHIDON ________|
| (1700 - ....)       |
|                     |   __
|                     |  |  
|                     |__|
|                        |
|                        |__
|                           
|
|--Mary WHIDON 
|  (1725 - ....)
|                         __
|                        |  
|                      __|
|                     |  |
|                     |  |__
|                     |     
|_____________________|
                      |
                      |   __
                      |  |  
                      |__|
                         |
                         |__
                            

Sources

[S82]


INDEX

HOMEBack to My Southern Family Home Page



EMAIL

© 1995, 1997, 1998, 2000. Josephine Lindsay Bass and Becky Bonner.   All rights reserved.

HTML created by GED2HTML v3.6-WIN95 (Jan 18 2000) on 05/29/2005 09:03:10 PM Central Standard Time.