Search billions of records on Ancestry.com
   

My Southern Family

King HAROLD II Godwinson of Wessex and England

ABT 1022 - 14 Oct 1066

ID Number: I61468

  • TITLE: King
  • OCCUPATION: Crowned King of England on the day of Edward's funeral. ruled from Jan 6 to Oct 14, 1066 last Saxon king
  • RESIDENCE: London, England
  • BIRTH: ABT 1022
  • DEATH: 14 Oct 1066, Battle of Hastings, Sussex, England
  • BURIAL: Bosham Abbey, Essex, England
  • RESOURCES: See: [S1994] [S2297] [S3388]
Father: GODWINE Earl of Kent and Wessex
Mother: GYTHA Thorgilsson av SVERIGE


Family 1 : ÆLDGYTH of Mercia
Family 2 : EALDGYTH (Edith) of Northumberland
Family 3 : EDITH "Swan Neck" (Ealdgyth)
  1.  GUNHILD
  2.  HAROLD III
  3.  EDMUND
  4.  GODWIN
  5.  ULF
  6. +GYTHA

Notes


" King Harold-II (Godwinson) was not buried at Waltham abbey. He is laid to rest with his daughter Gunhild in Bosham abbey. The body was taken off the beach by Edith Swanneck by consent of William and plea of Queen Edith (Harold's sister) and Gytha from the battle field to Bosham. His daughter, Gunhild, was interned in the same grave six months later. DNA tests on teeth (October 2003) have confirmed Harold lies there. Also, Harold died not from an arrow in his eye, but from being speared through the chest with a lance by Eustace of Boulogne. Robert Fitzerneis disembowelled him and Hugh-de-Montford cut off his head. Walter Giffard took off Harold's testicles. Let it be known that Harold died a warriors death as did his housecarls, to the last man." regards, Dr Bradbury (English professor of History)


"King Edward of England (called "The Confessor" because of his construction of Westminster Abbey) died on January 5, 1066, after a reign of 23 years. Leaving no heirs, Edward's passing ignited a three-way rivalry for the crown that culminated in the Battle of Hastings and the destruction of the Anglo-Saxon rule of England.


The leading pretender was Harold Godwinson, the second most powerful man in England and an advisor to Edward. Harold and Edward became brothers-in-law when the king married Harold's sister. Harold's powerful position, his relationship to Edward and his esteem among his peers made him a logical successor to the throne. His claim was strengthened when the dying Edward supposedly uttered "Into Harold's hands I commit my Kingdom." With this kingly endorsement, the Witan (the council of royal advisors) unanimously selected Harold as King. His coronation took place the same day as Edward's burial. With the placing of the crown on his head, Harold's troubles began.


Across the English Channel, William, Duke of Normandy, also laid claim to the English throne. William justified his claim through his blood relationship with Edward (they were distant cousins) and by stating that some years earlier, Edward had designated him as his successor. To compound the issue, William asserted that the message in which Edward anointed him as the next King of England had been carried to him in 1064 by none other than Harold himself. In addition, (according to William) Harold had sworn on the relics of a martyred saint that he would support William's right to the throne. From William's perspective, when Harold donned the Crown he not only defied the wishes of Edward but had violated a sacred oath. He immediately prepared to invade England and destroy the upstart Harold. Harold's violation of his sacred oath enabled William to secure the support of the Pope who promptly excommunicated Harold, consigning him and his supporters to an eternity in Hell.


The third rival for the throne was Harald Hardrada, King of Norway. His justification was even more tenuous than William's. Hardrada ruled Norway jointly with his nephew Mangus until 1047 when Mangus conveniently died. Earlier (1042), Mangus had cut a deal with Harthacut the Danish ruler of England. Since neither ruler had a male heir, both promised their kingdom to the other in the event of his death. Harthacut died but Mangus was unable to follow up on his claim to the English throne because he was too busy battling for the rule of Denmark. Edward became the Anglo-Saxon ruler of England. Now with Mangus and Edward dead, Hardrada asserted that he, as Mangus's heir, was the rightful ruler of England. When he heard of Harold's coronation, Hardrada immediately prepared to invade England and crush the upstart.


Hardrada of Norway struck first. In mid September, Hardrada's invasion force landed on the Northern English coast, sacked a few coastal villages and headed towards the city of York. Hardrada was joined in his effort by Tostig, King Harold's nere-do-well brother. The Viking army overwhelmed an English force blocking the York road and captured the city. In London, news of the invasion sent King Harold hurriedly north at the head of his army picking up reinforcements along the way. The speed of Harold's forced march allowed him to surprise Hardrada's army on September 25, as it camped at Stamford Bridge outside York. A fierce battle followed. Hand to hand combat ebbed and flowed across the bridge. Finally the Norsemen's line broke and the real slaughter began. Hardrada fell and then the King's brother, Tostig. What remained of the Viking army fled to their ships. So devastating was the Viking defeat that only 24 of the invasion force's original 240 ships made the trip back home. Resting after his victory, Harold received word of William's landing near Hastings.


Construction of the Norman invasion fleet had been completed in July and all was ready for the Channel crossing. Unfortunately, William's ships could not penetrate an uncooperative north wind and for six weeks he languished on the Norman shore. Finally, on September 27, after parading the relics of St. Valery at the water's edge, the winds shifted to the south and the fleet set sail. The Normans made landfall on the English coast near Pevensey and marched to Hastings.


Harold rushed his army south and planted his battle standards atop a knoll some five miles from Hastings. During the early morning of the next day, October 14, Harold's army watched as a long column of Norman warriors marched to the base of the hill and formed a battle line. Separated by a few hundred yards, the lines of the two armies traded taunts and insults. At a signal, the Norman archers took their position at the front of the line. The English at the top of the hill responded by raising their shields above their heads forming a shield-wall to protect them from the rain of arrows. The battle was joined.


The English fought defensively while the Normans infantry and cavalry repeatedly charged their shield-wall. As the combat slogged on for the better part of the day, the battle's outcome was in question. Finally, as evening approached, the English line gave way and the Normans rushed their enemy with a vengeance. King Harold fell as did the majority of the Saxon aristocracy. William's victory was complete. On Christmas day 1066, William was crowned King of England in Westminster Abbey."


From: http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/bayeux.htm


The Tapestry describes Harold's return to England after swearing his oath to William and his report to King Edward. The story then advances forward two years to 1066 and the death of Edward.



References: Bernstein, David, The Mystery of the Bayeux Tapestry (1987); Howarth, David, 1066 the Year of the Conquest (1978); Ingram, James (translator), The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (1823); Wood, Michael, In Search of the Dark Ages (1987).


How To Cite This Article: "Invasion of England, 1066," EyeWitness to History, www.eyewitnesstohistory.com (1997).



[S3388]


                                                                  _AETHELMAER "The Great"_________+
                                                                 | (0950 - 1017)                  
                                   _WULFNOTH of Wessex___________|
                                  | (0970 - ....)                |
                                  |                              |_AETHELTHRITH___________________
                                  |                                (0950 - ....)                  
 _GODWINE Earl of Kent and Wessex_|
| (0992 - 1053) m 1019            |
|                                 |                               ________________________________
|                                 |                              |                                
|                                 |______________________________|
|                                                                |
|                                                                |________________________________
|                                                                                                 
|
|--HAROLD II Godwinson of Wessex and England
|  (1022 - 1066)
|                                                                 _STYRBJORN SVERIGE _____________+
|                                                                | (0940 - ....)                  
|                                  _THORKILS Sprakalegg SVERIGE _|
|                                 | (0970 - ....)                |
|                                 |                              |_THYRA Haraldsdottir of Danmark_+
|                                 |                                (0950 - ....)                  
|_GYTHA Thorgilsson av SVERIGE ___|
  (1000 - 1069) m 1019            |
                                  |                               ________________________________
                                  |                              |                                
                                  |______________________________|
                                                                 |
                                                                 |________________________________
                                                                                                  

Sources

[S1994]

[S2297]

[S3388]

[S3388]


INDEX

HOMEBack to My Southern Family Home Page



EMAIL

© 1995, 1997, 1998, 2000. Josephine Lindsay Bass and Becky Bonner.   All rights reserved.

HTML created by GED2HTML v3.6-WIN95 (Jan 18 2000) on 05/29/2005 09:03:10 PM Central Standard Time.


Stephen BRISCOE

11 Sep 1800 - 3 Aug 1897

ID Number: I103513

  • RESIDENCE: Hardin Co. KY and Lewis Co. MO
  • BIRTH: 11 Sep 1800, Hardin Co. Kentucky
  • DEATH: 3 Aug 1897, Lewis Co. Missouri
  • RESOURCES: See: [S3317]
Father: Walter BRISCOE Jr.
Mother: Hester "Hettie" HENTON


Notes


Marriages:
Belinda Shobe (Wife) Marriage: 4 NOV 1847 in Lewis Co., MO
Children:
Sarah Ann Briscoe b. 20 SEP 1848 in Lewis County, MO
Walter David Briscoe b. 18 JUN 1850 in Durham, Lewis County, MO
Abigail Briscoe b. 9 MAY 1852 in Lewis County, MO
John Robert Briscoe b. 8 APR 1856 in Lewis County, MO
Isaac Newton Briscoe b. 4 JUL 1858 in Lewis County, MO
Amanda Catherine Briscoe b. 27 FEB 1861 in Lewis County, MO


Frances Knott (Wife) b. 4 AUG 1800 in Marion County, KY Marriage: 5 JAN 1826
Children:
Mary Jane Briscoe b. 18 MAR 1827 in Hardin County, KY
Hester Ann Briscoe b. 4 NOV 1828 in Hardin County, KY
Elizabeth Shackleford Briscoe b. 29 NOV 1830 in Hardin County, KY
Martha Briscoe b. 13 FEB 1833 in Lewis County, MO
Francis Lloyd Briscoe b. 31 JAN 1843 in Lewis County, MO


                                                        _Philip BRISCOE ___________+
                                                       | (1719 - ....)             
                           _Walter BRISCOE Sr._________|
                          | (1742 - 1785) m 1762       |
                          |                            |_Nancy FOSTER _____________
                          |                              (1716 - ....)             
 _Walter BRISCOE Jr.______|
| (1771 - 1855) m 1792    |
|                         |                             _Matthew COMPTON II________+
|                         |                            | (1709 - 1770) m 1733      
|                         |_Elizabeth COMPTON _________|
|                           (1742 - 1797) m 1762       |
|                                                      |_Rachel HOWARD ____________+
|                                                        (1714 - 1787) m 1733      
|
|--Stephen BRISCOE 
|  (1800 - 1897)
|                                                       _John HENTON ______________+
|                                                      | (1732 - 1791) m 1749      
|                          _David HENTON ______________|
|                         | (1755 - 1779) m 1773       |
|                         |                            |_Esther EVANS _____________
|                         |                              (1723 - ....) m 1749      
|_Hester "Hettie" HENTON _|
  (1775 - 1858) m 1792    |
                          |                             _Jacob Jansen van METER ___+
                          |                            | (1723 - 1798) m 1741      
                          |_Mary M. (Polly) van METER _|
                            (1757 - 1832) m 1773       |
                                                       |_Letitia STROUDE (STRODE) _+
                                                         (1725 - 1800) m 1741      

Sources

[S3317]


INDEX

HOMEBack to My Southern Family Home Page



EMAIL

© 1995, 1997, 1998, 2000. Josephine Lindsay Bass and Becky Bonner.   All rights reserved.

HTML created by GED2HTML v3.6-WIN95 (Jan 18 2000) on 05/29/2005 09:03:10 PM Central Standard Time.


Aubrey CLEMMONS (CLEMENTS)

ABT 1870 - ____

ID Number: I2874

  • RESIDENCE: MS
  • BIRTH: ABT 1870
  • RESOURCES: See: [S11] [S1166]

Family 1 : Purl "Gypsy" CONEY
  1.  Dixie CLEMMONS (CLEMENTS)

Notes


Said to be a cousin of Mark Twain.

Sources

[S11]

[S1166]


INDEX

HOMEBack to My Southern Family Home Page



EMAIL

© 1995, 1997, 1998, 2000. Josephine Lindsay Bass and Becky Bonner.   All rights reserved.

HTML created by GED2HTML v3.6-WIN95 (Jan 18 2000) on 05/29/2005 09:03:10 PM Central Standard Time.


Tamerlane Whiting DAVIES

ABT 1786 - ____

ID Number: I84243

  • RESIDENCE: of Amherst Co. VA
  • BIRTH: ABT 1786
  • RESOURCES: See: [S3129]
Father: Henry Landon DAVIES of "Pebbleton"
Mother: Anne CLAYTON


Notes


vii Tamerlane Whiting Davies married Jane Smith Payne.


[S3129]


                                                            _____________________________________
                                                           |                                     
                                      _Nicholas DAVIES ____|
                                     | (1690 - 1793)       |
                                     |                     |_____________________________________
                                     |                                                           
 _Henry Landon DAVIES of "Pebbleton"_|
| (1745 - 1795) m 1767               |
|                                    |                      _Henry WHITING II____________________+
|                                    |                     | (1680 - ....) m 1700                
|                                    |_Catherine WHITING __|
|                                      (1700 - ....)       |
|                                                          |_Anne BEVERLEY ______________________+
|                                                            (1687 - 1744) m 1700                
|
|--Tamerlane Whiting DAVIES 
|  (1786 - ....)
|                                                           _John CLAYTON "the Immigrant"________+
|                                                          | (.... - 1773) m 1723                
|                                     _John CLAYTON _______|
|                                    | (1725 - 1826)       |
|                                    |                     |_Elizabeth WHITING __________________+
|                                    |                       (1700 - 1771) m 1723                
|_Anne CLAYTON ______________________|
  (1750 - 1786) m 1767               |
                                     |                      _Henry "Harry" WILLIS of Willis Hill_+
                                     |                     | (1690 - 1740) m 1726                
                                     |_Elizabeth WILLIS ___|
                                       (1729 - 1752)       |
                                                           |_Mildred LEWIS ______________________+
                                                             (1691 - 1733) m 1726                

Sources

[S3129]

[S3129]


INDEX

HOMEBack to My Southern Family Home Page



EMAIL

© 1995, 1997, 1998, 2000. Josephine Lindsay Bass and Becky Bonner.   All rights reserved.

HTML created by GED2HTML v3.6-WIN95 (Jan 18 2000) on 05/29/2005 09:03:10 PM Central Standard Time.


John Dolson HODGES

5 Apr 1875 - ____

ID Number: I32943

  • RESIDENCE: Marlboro & Horry Cos. SC
  • BIRTH: 5 Apr 1875
  • RESOURCES: See: [S1248] [S1185]
Father: George HODGES
Mother: Sallie HARTLEY



                                                          _George HODGES ______+
                                                         | (1769 - 1851) m 1796
                       _Robert George Washington HODGES _|
                      | (1808 - 1861) m 1830             |
                      |                                  |_Sarah CHERRY _______+
                      |                                    (1780 - ....) m 1796
 _George HODGES ______|
| (1831 - 1915)       |
|                     |                                   _William HALE Sr.____
|                     |                                  | (1764 - 1840) m 1791
|                     |_Elvira Waite HALE _______________|
|                       (1810 - ....) m 1830             |
|                                                        |_Sarah QUARLES ______+
|                                                          (1774 - 1852) m 1791
|
|--John Dolson HODGES 
|  (1875 - ....)
|                                                         _____________________
|                                                        |                     
|                      __________________________________|
|                     |                                  |
|                     |                                  |_____________________
|                     |                                                        
|_Sallie HARTLEY _____|
  (1855 - 1921)       |
                      |                                   _____________________
                      |                                  |                     
                      |__________________________________|
                                                         |
                                                         |_____________________
                                                                               

Sources

[S1248]

[S1185]


INDEX

HOMEBack to My Southern Family Home Page



EMAIL

© 1995, 1997, 1998, 2000. Josephine Lindsay Bass and Becky Bonner.   All rights reserved.

HTML created by GED2HTML v3.6-WIN95 (Jan 18 2000) on 05/29/2005 09:03:10 PM Central Standard Time.


Winifrred "Winney" LOCKETT

ABT 1787 - ____

ID Number: I36264

  • RESIDENCE: Chesterfield Co. VA
  • BIRTH: ABT 1787
  • RESOURCES: See: [S971]
Father: Gideon LOCKETT


Family 1 : Daniel CHEATWOOD

Notes


15 July 1808- Winney LOCKETT & Daniel Cheatwood. Winney 21 years of age, daughter of Gideon Lockett, deceased. Surety: Thomas Porter. Md. 21 July by Rev. Benjamin Watkins. [S971]

                                             _Thomas LOCKETT I____
                                            | (1645 - 1686) m 1667
                       _Thomas LOCKETT II___|
                      | (1673 - 1745)       |
                      |                     |_Margaret OSBORNE ___+
                      |                       (1649 - 1708) m 1667
 _Gideon LOCKETT _____|
| (1730 - 1808)       |
|                     |                      _Thomas OSBORNE III__+
|                     |                     | (1641 - 1692)       
|                     |_Martha OSBORNE _____|
|                       (1670 - ....)       |
|                                           |_Martha GOODE _______
|                                             (1645 - ....)       
|
|--Winifrred "Winney" LOCKETT 
|  (1787 - ....)
|                                            _____________________
|                                           |                     
|                      _____________________|
|                     |                     |
|                     |                     |_____________________
|                     |                                           
|_____________________|
                      |
                      |                      _____________________
                      |                     |                     
                      |_____________________|
                                            |
                                            |_____________________
                                                                  

Sources

[S971]

[S971]


INDEX

HOMEBack to My Southern Family Home Page



EMAIL

© 1995, 1997, 1998, 2000. Josephine Lindsay Bass and Becky Bonner.   All rights reserved.

HTML created by GED2HTML v3.6-WIN95 (Jan 18 2000) on 05/29/2005 09:03:10 PM Central Standard Time.


Betty MEADE


!LIVING

INDEX

Charles REEVES

ABT 1780 - ____

ID Number: I23660

  • RESIDENCE: SC
  • BIRTH: ABT 1780
  • RESOURCES: See: [S484]
Father: (RESEARCH QUERY) REEVES


Family 1 : Sarah HODGES

Notes


Aka: Reaves? Geo W Reaves, R, H, Reaves wit. to Samuel Hodges will in 1841, brother of Sarah.

                               __
                              |  
                            __|
                           |  |
                           |  |__
                           |     
 _(RESEARCH QUERY) REEVES _|
|                          |
|                          |   __
|                          |  |  
|                          |__|
|                             |
|                             |__
|                                
|
|--Charles REEVES 
|  (1780 - ....)
|                              __
|                             |  
|                           __|
|                          |  |
|                          |  |__
|                          |     
|__________________________|
                           |
                           |   __
                           |  |  
                           |__|
                              |
                              |__
                                 

Sources

[S484]


INDEX

HOMEBack to My Southern Family Home Page



EMAIL

© 1995, 1997, 1998, 2000. Josephine Lindsay Bass and Becky Bonner.   All rights reserved.

HTML created by GED2HTML v3.6-WIN95 (Jan 18 2000) on 05/29/2005 09:03:10 PM Central Standard Time.


James Benjamin SINGLETARY Sr.

19 Apr 1819 - 27 Oct 1878

ID Number: I6195

  • RESIDENCE: St. James Goose Creek and Orangeburg Co. SC
  • BIRTH: 19 Apr 1819, St. James Goose Creek, South Carolina
  • DEATH: 27 Oct 1878, South Carolina
  • RESOURCES: See: [S294] [S404] [S3692]
Father: Thomas SINGLETARY
Mother: Mary Susannah GILLANDEAU


Family 1 : Mary M. PARLER
  1. +James Benjamin SINGLETARY Jr.

Notes


Mary M. PARLER and James Benjamin SINGLETARY I had the following children:
i.Annie Elizabeth SINGLETARY was born on 23 Oct 1857. m. Thomas Leonard SMITH
ii.Aurelia C. SINGLETARY was born on 20 May 1859.
iii.James Benjamin SINGLETARY II.+ Birdie CONE b: ABT. 1877
iv.Alice SINGLETARY was born on 12 Apr 1863. Never MARRIED
v.Aldrich Leonidas SINGLETARY I. + Lucy TILL
vi.Carles F. SINGLETARY was born on 16 Aug 1867. Never MARRIED
vii.Julius Earle SINGLETARY. + Marie HARVEY
viii.Ellie SINGLETARY was born on 15 Feb 1872.
ix.Carrie SINGLETARY was born on 12 Dec 1874.
x.Arthur Judson SINGLETARY was born on 4 Apr 1876. Never MARRIED [S404]

                                                       _Joseph SINGLETARY __+
                                                      | (1692 - 1737)       
                             _Benjamin SINGLETARY Sr._|
                            | (1725 - 1807) m 1760    |
                            |                         |_____________________
                            |                                               
 _Thomas SINGLETARY ________|
| (1768 - 1819) m 1785      |
|                           |                          _____________________
|                           |                         |                     
|                           |_Elizabeth JINKS ________|
|                             (1740 - ....) m 1760    |
|                                                     |_____________________
|                                                                           
|
|--James Benjamin SINGLETARY Sr.
|  (1819 - 1878)
|                                                      _____________________
|                                                     |                     
|                            _________________________|
|                           |                         |
|                           |                         |_____________________
|                           |                                               
|_Mary Susannah GILLANDEAU _|
  (1770 - ....) m 1785      |
                            |                          _____________________
                            |                         |                     
                            |_________________________|
                                                      |
                                                      |_____________________
                                                                            

Sources

[S294]

[S404]

[S3692]

[S404]


INDEX

HOMEBack to My Southern Family Home Page



EMAIL

© 1995, 1997, 1998, 2000. Josephine Lindsay Bass and Becky Bonner.   All rights reserved.

HTML created by GED2HTML v3.6-WIN95 (Jan 18 2000) on 05/29/2005 09:03:10 PM Central Standard Time.