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King EDWARD "The Martyr" of England

0962 - 18 Mar 0978

ID Number: I29216

  • TITLE: King
  • OCCUPATION: Ruled: July 8, 975-March 18, 978; canonised in 1001
  • RESIDENCE: ENG
  • BIRTH: 0962, Wessex, England
  • DEATH: 18 Mar 0978, Murdered at Corfe Castle, Dorset, England [150301]
  • BURIAL: Brookwood Cementery, Dorset, England; Shaftesbury Abbey
  • RESOURCES: See: [S1128] [S3177]
Father: EDGAR "The Peaceful" of England


Notes


Edward the Martyr From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
St. Edward the Martyr
Rank: 14th
Ruled: July 8, 975-March 18, 978
Predecessor: Edgar
Date of Birth: 962
Place of Birth: Wessex, England
Wife: Never married
Buried: Brookwood Cementery
Date of Death: March 18, 978
Parents: Edgar and Ethelfleda


King Edward the Martyr (circa 962 - March 18, 978) succeeded his father Edgar as King of England in 975, but was murdered, hence the epithet, "the Martyr". While hunting one day, Edward was murdered. He had been calling his half-brother Ethelred the Unready and his step-mother Elfrida. Elfrida offered Edward wine and while he was drinking it, two servants stabbed him on the back. Ethelred was only ten years old then, so he clearly was not implicated in the murder. Edward was buried in Dorset, and was canonised in 1001.


Information submitted 17/11/03


King of England, son to Edgar the Peaceful, and uncle to St. Edward the Confessor; b. about 962; d. 18 March, 979. His accession to the throne on his father's death, in 975, was opposed by a party headed by his stepmother, Queen Elfrida, who was bent on securing the crown for her own son Ethelred, then aged seven, in which she eventually was successful. Edward's claim, however, was supported by St. Dunstan and the clergy and by most of the nobles; and having been acknowledged by the Witan, he was crowned by St. Dunstan. Though only thirteen, the young king had already given promise of high sanctity, and during his brief reign of three years and a half won the affection of his people by his many virtues. His stepmother, who still cherished her treacherous designs, contrived at the last to bring about his death. Whilst hunting in Dorsetshire he happened (18 March, 979) to call at Corfe Castle where she lived. There, whilst drinking on horseback a glass of mead offered him at the castle gate, he was stabbed by an assassin in the bowels. He rode away, but soon fell from his horse, and being dragged by the stirrup was flung into a deep morass, where his body was revealed by a pillar of light. He was buried first at Wareham, whence three years later, his body, having been found entire, was translated to Shaftesbury Abbey by St. Dunstan and Earl Alfere of Mercia, who in Edgar's lifetime had been one of his chief opponents. Many miracles are said to have been obtained through his intercession. Elfrida, struck with repentance for her crimes, built the two monasteries of Wherwell and Ambresbury, in the first of which she ended her days in penance. The violence of St. Edward's end, joined to the fact that the party opposed to him had been that of the irreligious, whilst he himself had ever acted as defender of the Church, obtained for him the title of Martyr, which is given to him in all the old English calendars on 18 March, also in the Roman Martyrology.


History of his relics
In 1001, his relics were removed from his grave and placed in an elaborate shrine in Shaftesbury Abbey. Witnesses at the time reported that the relics were fragrant. During the sixteenth century, under King Henry VIII, monasteries were dissolved and many holy places were demolished, but St. Edward's remains were hidden so as to avoid desecration. In 1931, the relics were recovered by Mr. Wilson-Claridge during an archaelogical excavation; their identity was confirmed by Dr. T.E.A. Stowell, an osteologist. In about 1982, Mr. Wilson-Claridge donated the relics to the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia, which placed them in a church in Brookwood Cemetery, in Woking, Surrey. The St. Edward Brotherhood of monks was organized there as well. The church is now named St. Edward the Martyr Orthodox Church.


"The reign of King Edward the Martyr (975-8): The reign of Edward the Martyr was characterized by a disputed succession in 975, the so-called 'anti-monastic reaction' thereafter, and his murder at Corfe Castle, in Dorset, on 18 March 978; and the question arises to what extent these matters are related.


The principal source for the disputed succession is Byrhtferth's 'Life' of St Oswald (B175), in EHD no. 236, p. 914; cf. EHD no. 123. The principal source for the 'anti-monastic reaction' is the ASC, s.a. 975; see also Libellus ’thelwoldi episcopi (B245). The principal sources for the murder of Edward are ASC, s.a. 978, and Byrhtferth's 'Life' of St Oswald (B175), in EHD no. 236, pp. 914-16.


[G270] D.J.V. Fisher, 'The Anti-Monastic Reaction in the Reign of Edward the Martyr', Cambridge Historical Journal 10 (1950-2), pp. 254-70 - interpreting the reaction in the context of the disputed succession


On the development of the cult of St Edward, see his Passio (Q400), and:


[G275] C.E. Fell, 'Edward King and Martyr and the Anglo-Saxon Hagiographic Tradition', Ethelred the Unready, ed. D. Hill, BAR, Brit. ser. 59 (1978), pp. 1-13


See also Ridyard on St Edith and St Edward (Q160, pp. 140-75); Keynes (F91)."


((i)) Edward 'the Martyr', King of England (d 979)


Ethelred succeeded to the throne aged 10 following the death of his father King Edgar and subsequent murder of his half-brother Edward the Martyr.


[S3389] [S1128] [S3177] [S3389]

[150301]
by his step-mother Elfrida.


                                                                           _EDWARD I "The Elder" of The Anglo Saxons_+
                                                                          | (0875 - 0924) m 0919                     
                                   _EDMUND I "The Magnificent" of England_|
                                  | (0920 - 0946)                         |
                                  |                                       |_EADGIFU__________________________________+
                                  |                                         (0890 - 0961) m 0919                     
 _EDGAR "The Peaceful" of England_|
| (0942 - 0975)                   |
|                                 |                                        __________________________________________
|                                 |                                       |                                          
|                                 |_AELFGIFU Queen of England_____________|
|                                   (0920 - ....)                         |
|                                                                         |__________________________________________
|                                                                                                                    
|
|--EDWARD "The Martyr" of England
|  (0962 - 0978)
|                                                                          __________________________________________
|                                                                         |                                          
|                                  _______________________________________|
|                                 |                                       |
|                                 |                                       |__________________________________________
|                                 |                                                                                  
|_________________________________|
                                  |
                                  |                                        __________________________________________
                                  |                                       |                                          
                                  |_______________________________________|
                                                                          |
                                                                          |__________________________________________
                                                                                                                     

Sources

[S1128]

[S3177]

[S3389]

[S1128]

[S3177]

[S3389]


INDEX

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© 1995, 1997, 1998, 2000. Josephine Lindsay Bass and Becky Bonner.   All rights reserved.

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Volena BURDINE


This person is presumed living.

INDEX

Micajah GOODWIN

1740 - ____

ID Number: I33132

  • RESIDENCE: Amherst Co. VA
  • BIRTH: 1740, Virginia
  • RESOURCES: See: LDS (AFN:N4RG-B0) [S1801] [S3694]
Father: John GOODWIN Jr.
Mother: Jane GRESSET


Family 1 : Elizabeth BURFORD
  1. +Nancy Ann GOODWIN
  2.  Cornelius GOODWIN
  3.  Henry B. GOODWIN

Notes


17 Aug 1773 Micajah Goodwin, 200 ac given to him by father Jno. Goodwin, on James R. between Joseph Goodwin & Nicholas Davis. Wit. John Ritchie.
Children:
Cornelious GOODWIN
James GOODWIN
Micajahgirl GOODWIN
Virginia GOODWIN
Nancy Ann GOODWIN
Thomas GOODWIN
John Lipscomb Lynch GOODWIN

                                             _(RESEARCH QUERY) GOODWIN _
                                            |                           
                       _John GOODWIN Sr.____|
                      | (1684 - ....) m 1705|
                      |                     |___________________________
                      |                                                 
 _John GOODWIN Jr.____|
| (1710 - ....) m 1728|
|                     |                      ___________________________
|                     |                     |                           
|                     |_Mary ELLIOTT _______|
|                       (1688 - ....) m 1705|
|                                           |___________________________
|                                                                       
|
|--Micajah GOODWIN 
|  (1740 - ....)
|                                            ___________________________
|                                           |                           
|                      _____________________|
|                     |                     |
|                     |                     |___________________________
|                     |                                                 
|_Jane GRESSET _______|
  (1714 - ....) m 1728|
                      |                      ___________________________
                      |                     |                           
                      |_____________________|
                                            |
                                            |___________________________
                                                                        

Sources

[S1801]

[S3694]


INDEX

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EMAIL

© 1995, 1997, 1998, 2000. Josephine Lindsay Bass and Becky Bonner.   All rights reserved.

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Winona Melba GRESSETT


!LIVING

INDEX

Infant Dau PAYTON

23 Jan 1904 - 25 Jan 1904

ID Number: I3063

  • BIRTH: 23 Jan 1904, Waldron, AR?
  • DEATH: 25 Jan 1904
  • BURIAL: Square Rock Meth Ch Cem, Waldron, Scott Co., AR
  • RESOURCES: See: [S139]
Father: John (James) G. (C.) PAYTON
Mother: "Maggie" HICKERSON



                                                            _______________________
                                                           |                       
                                ___________________________|
                               |                           |
                               |                           |_______________________
                               |                                                   
 _John (James) G. (C.) PAYTON _|
| (1880 - ....)                |
|                              |                            _______________________
|                              |                           |                       
|                              |___________________________|
|                                                          |
|                                                          |_______________________
|                                                                                  
|
|--Infant Dau PAYTON 
|  (1904 - 1904)
|                                                           _William A. HICKERSON _+
|                                                          | (1814 - 1884)         
|                               _Leander Vander HICKERSON _|
|                              | (1843 - ....) m 1866      |
|                              |                           |_Jane WAITE? __________
|                              |                             (1824 - 1859)         
|_"Maggie" HICKERSON __________|
  (1880 - ....)                |
                               |                            _______________________
                               |                           |                       
                               |_Cynthia J. HUGHES ________|
                                 (1847 - 1914) m 1866      |
                                                           |_______________________
                                                                                   

Sources

[S139]


INDEX

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© 1995, 1997, 1998, 2000. Josephine Lindsay Bass and Becky Bonner.   All rights reserved.

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William PUCKETT

ABT 1676 - 1739

ID Number: I81111

  • RESIDENCE: Henrico Co. VA
  • BIRTH: ABT 1676
  • DEATH: 1739
  • RESOURCES: See: [S2957]
Father: William PUCKETT
Mother: Anna WOMACK


Notes


2 William PUCKETT b: ABT 1676 d: 1739 + Mary WOMACK b: ABT 1678

                                                        __
                                                       |  
                       ________________________________|
                      |                                |
                      |                                |__
                      |                                   
 _William PUCKETT ____|
| (1654 - 1723) m 1674|
|                     |                                 __
|                     |                                |  
|                     |________________________________|
|                                                      |
|                                                      |__
|                                                         
|
|--William PUCKETT 
|  (1676 - 1739)
|                                                       __
|                                                      |  
|                      _William WOMACK "the Immigrant"_|
|                     | (1607 - 1697) m 1640           |
|                     |                                |__
|                     |                                   
|_Anna WOMACK ________|
  (1657 - 1694) m 1674|
                      |                                 __
                      |                                |  
                      |_Mary Jane ALLEN _______________|
                        (1620 - 1685) m 1640           |
                                                       |__
                                                          

Sources

[S2957]


INDEX

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EMAIL

© 1995, 1997, 1998, 2000. Josephine Lindsay Bass and Becky Bonner.   All rights reserved.

HTML created by GED2HTML v3.6-WIN95 (Jan 18 2000) on 05/29/2005 09:03:10 PM Central Standard Time.


Elizabeth REYNOLDS

1689 - ____

ID Number: I79565

  • RESIDENCE: Norfolk, VA
  • BIRTH: 1689, Norfolk, Virginia
  • RESOURCES: See: [S1615]
Father: Robert REYNOLDS



                                             _Richard REYNOLDS "the Immigrant"_+
                                            | (1567 - 1641) m 1605             
                       _Nicholas REYNOLDS __|
                      | (1612 - ....)       |
                      |                     |_Ann HARRISON ____________________+
                      |                       (1575 - ....) m 1605             
 _Robert REYNOLDS ____|
| (1642 - 1702)       |
|                     |                      _(RESEARCH QUERY) GREGORY ________
|                     |                     |                                  
|                     |_Alice GREGORY ______|
|                       (1625 - ....)       |
|                                           |__________________________________
|                                                                              
|
|--Elizabeth REYNOLDS 
|  (1689 - ....)
|                                            __________________________________
|                                           |                                  
|                      _____________________|
|                     |                     |
|                     |                     |__________________________________
|                     |                                                        
|_____________________|
                      |
                      |                      __________________________________
                      |                     |                                  
                      |_____________________|
                                            |
                                            |__________________________________
                                                                               

Sources

[S1615]


INDEX

HOMEBack to My Southern Family Home Page



EMAIL

© 1995, 1997, 1998, 2000. Josephine Lindsay Bass and Becky Bonner.   All rights reserved.

HTML created by GED2HTML v3.6-WIN95 (Jan 18 2000) on 05/29/2005 09:03:10 PM Central Standard Time.


Nehemiah STORKE

1656 - 1692

ID Number: I66961

  • RESIDENCE: Westmoreland Co. VA
  • BIRTH: 1656, Westmoreland Co. Virginia
  • DEATH: 1692, Westmoreland Co. Virginia
  • RESOURCES: See: LDS (AFN: NNXM-XD)
Father: William STORKE "the Immigrant"


Family 1 : Bethethland GILSON
  1. +Elizabeth STORKE
  2. +William STORKE I

                                     __
                                    |  
                                  __|
                                 |  |
                                 |  |__
                                 |     
 _William STORKE "the Immigrant"_|
| (1621 - 1676)                  |
|                                |   __
|                                |  |  
|                                |__|
|                                   |
|                                   |__
|                                      
|
|--Nehemiah STORKE 
|  (1656 - 1692)
|                                    __
|                                   |  
|                                 __|
|                                |  |
|                                |  |__
|                                |     
|________________________________|
                                 |
                                 |   __
                                 |  |  
                                 |__|
                                    |
                                    |__
                                       

Sources


INDEX

HOMEBack to My Southern Family Home Page



EMAIL

© 1995, 1997, 1998, 2000. Josephine Lindsay Bass and Becky Bonner.   All rights reserved.

HTML created by GED2HTML v3.6-WIN95 (Jan 18 2000) on 05/29/2005 09:03:10 PM Central Standard Time.