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Eliza Margaret Cone1

b. 1 March 1852, d. 29 April 1929

Father Barton Cone2,3 b. 24 August 1824, d. 20 December 1887
Mother Julia Ann Walker2,3 b. 4 June 1826, d. 1912
Pop-up Pedigree

Family Dr. Thomas Melancthon Gaumer b. 2 February 1848, d. 30 September 1893
Marriage* 19 September 1875  Muskingum Co., OH, Principal=Dr. Thomas Melancthon Gaumer1 
Children  1. Charles Edmund Gaumer b. 28 Nov 1876, d. 30 Apr 1932
  2. Frank Cone Gaumer b. Dec 1879, d. 27 Sep 1924
  3. Bruce Barton Gaumer b. 9 Sep 1881, d. a 1932

Note*   Eliza's parents were Barton Cone and Elizabeth Walker of Monroe township, Muskingum Co., OH. 
Birth* 1 March 1852  Otsego, Muskingum Co., OH1 
Census 1860  1860 Federal Census, Ohio, Muskingum County, Monroe Township, Series: M653, Roll: 1019, Page: 451A, July 12
(enumerated with father, Barton Cone)
07, 190, 174, Cone, Margaret, 8, F, , , , , Ohio, , 1, ,4 
Married Name 19 September 1875  Gaumer1 
Marriage* 19 September 1875  Muskingum Co., OH, Principal=Dr. Thomas Melancthon Gaumer1 
Census* 1880  1880 Federal Census, Ohio Muskingum County, Salem Township, Adamsville, ED 170, Series: T9, Roll: 1054, Page: 282B, June 16
(enumerated with husband, T M Gaumer)
14, 145, 146, Gaumer, Lyda M, W, F, 28, , Wife, , 1, , , Keeping House, , , , , , , , , , Ohio, Ohio, Ohio5 
News/Obit* 4 June 1897  News Article,

    The following is an article appearing in a site calle "No Sanctuary" which can be found at . The sites emphasis is on the obscenities inflicted on those accused of crimes in the sake of justice, usually of the vigilant kind. It contains postcards and photographs along with text explaining the circumstances behind the picture. One photograph is of a black man named Charles Mitchell who had been accused of the crime of Rape against Ellen Gaumer, the wife of the late owner and publisher of the Zanesville Signal, Charles Gaumer. She is reffered in the article as Ellen and it was thought that her husband's sister-in-law Emma Kennedy was the focus of the article but David Wright who has been researching this story has corrected that information. Eliza is not the perpatrator of this action against Mr. Mitchell but did identify him as the one who committed the crime. Being a much respected and loved citizen of the community, the public outrage was stoked to a furor with the result being the lynching of Charles Mitchell. We do not condone the actions that were perpatrated upon Mr. Mitchell as he deserved the right to the sentence served upon him. It probably would have been better had he been removed to another community for trial that was more impartial but we at this time cannot tell whether the confession was coerced. The incident occurred June 4, 1897, in Urbana, Ohio, at the home of Mrs. Gaumer, at which point she was 45 years of age. David Wright has also pointed out other inconsistancies in the article and noted that the included photo might not be correct. Here then is the article in it's entirety:

    A widow, Ellen Gaumer, was a white Ohioan of social standing. Her husband had been a state senator and publisher of the Zanesville Signal. When she escalated her accusation against Charles Mitchell from robbery to rape, racial animosities doomed the twenty-three-year-old black hotel porter.

    Gaumer identified Mitchell as the man who had assaulted her in her home. Two days later, the prisoner waived the reading of the indictment, pled guilty, and was sentenced to the severest punishment provided under Ohio law, twenty years in the state penitentiary.

    The militia was unable to board the prisoner on a train to Columbus because the depot was under siege by a growing mob. It was apparent to the sheriff that "It would be grim work to protect the wretch who was cowering in his jail cell."

    When the mob tried to break in the rear door of the jailhouse, the sheriff ordered the militia to fire. Two men were killed instantly, two more died later, and another was paralyzed for life. The mob retreated with their dead to the front yard.

    The exhausted militiamen abandoned the vigil at 7 a.m., expecting the Springfield Company of the Ohio National Guard to arrive from the station. However, the mayor of Urbana intercepted the reinforcements and sent them back to the depot. The lynchers saw their chance and broke for the jail. They encountered no resistance, and the sheriff handed them the keys to Charles Mitchell's cell. Mitchell "received blows and kicks," and the noose was applied.

    In the public square, a rope was hitched over a limb. Mitchell was jerked up and down until the executioners were confident his neck was broken. The corpse was placed in a coffin under the lynching tree for public exhibition, where it stayed until late in the day. Relic hunters stripped it,"even taking his stockings and shoes." No relatives came to claim the remains.

[The accompanying picture of the lynching can be found on the above site, identifed as photograph #61. It is not suitable for viewing by children]

The late Thomas M. Gaumer was born in Adamsville, Ohio, February 2, 1848, a son of Jonathan and Mahala (Barrett) Gaumer; a grandson of Daniel Gaumer and a great-grandson of Jacob Gaumer. The Gaumer family, which has numerous members in many parts of the United States, is of German origin ; however, the coming of the founder of the family to the New World was at so early a period that the date of that immigration is not known. The known history of the Gaumer family in the United States begins with Jacob Gaumer, Sr., whose family lived at various times in Virginia, Maryland, and in Lehigh and Somerset counties, Pennsylvania; in which latter state he was born about the middle of the eighteenth century. Some time after the "embattled farmers stood and fired the shot heard round the world" at Concord bridge, Jacob Gaumer left his farm and those dear to him to follow the martial fortunes of Washington, from Ft. Du Quesne to Yorktown, as drum major. In 1806 Jacob Gaumer and his family pushed out of Ohio from Somerset county, Pennsylvania, and settled on a tract in the unbroken wilderness, eight miles north of Zanesville, in Muskingum county. Later, however, he moved to another tract in the woods near Adamsville, in the same county. At the latter place his death occurred in 1820, and that of his wife in 1814. Jacob Gaumer's son, Daniel, and his family remained back in the Keystone state when his father came out to Ohio in 1806; but in 1809 he, too, found the lure of the West irresistible and followed his father to Ohio with his family and settled near Adamsville, in Muskingum county. His death occurred there in 1859, and that of his wife, Hannah (Baughman) Gaumer, in 1874. All four of these pioneers, as well as Dr. Thomas M. Gaumer and many others of the family, are buried in the New Hope Lutheran cemetery, near Adamsville, Ohio, the land for which was given by Jacob Gaumer from his farm soon after he located at that place. Daniel Gaumer, too, heard the call of his country in the time of its need and went forth to do or die in the War of 1812. He was the father of fourteen children, the eleventh of whom was Jonathan Gaumer, the father of Dr. Thomas M. Gaumer.

Jonathan Gaumer was born in Ohio, in 1822, and died in 1895. His wife, Mahala Barrett, the mother of Doctor Gaumer, was born in 1823 and died, November 9, 1915, in the ninety-second year of her age. The father of Doctor Gaumer devoted his whole life to agriculture, but he was often called to fill local offices. He was the father of nine children, and among them are the following: Dr. Thomas M., the eldest; Charles N., a prominent citizen and newspaper man of Mansfield, Ohio; Hannah J.; Rachel V.; Daniel H., who is deceased; Mary; Martha; and Cidna. The Gaumer family has been one of prominence and influence in Muskingum county. Two of Doctor Gaumer's brothers have been members of the Ohio Legislature, and Charles N. Gaumer, of Mansfield, was a member of the national House of Representatives from 1890 to 1894. Daniel H. Gaumer, of Zanesville, was a representative in 1888-89, and state senator in 1890-91, and was postmaster in Zanesville at the time of his death in 1898,

While still young in years, Thomas M. Gaumer removed with his parents to a farm in Muskingum county, which continued to be his home until 1876. He was educated in the public schools and at Denison University at Granville, and subsequently taught school for a number of years.

Having determined to devote his life to the practice of medicine, he entered the Ohio Medical College of Cincinnati, and was graduated therefrom in 1876. The year previous he married Eliza M., daughter of Barton and Julia (Walker) Cone, and thus became allied with a family as meritorious as his own. Barton Cone was born in Monroe township, Muskingum county, Ohio, August 23, 1824, and was a son of Jared Cone, a pioneer of Muskingum county. Jared Cone was the son of Jared, the son of Mathew, the son of Jared, the son of Daniel, who was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, in 1626, came to America with two brothers in 1660, and settled in Haddam,Connecticut, where he died in 1706.

Mrs. Gaumer's paternal grandmother, Eliza (Schoff) Cone, was the daughter of Philip Schoff, one of the heroes of the Revolution, and Elizabeth (Ramsey) Schoff. Through these Mrs. Gaumer is descended from a long line of ancestors who were numbered among the founders of this great country, and who sprang from the ancient families of Europe, now celebrated in song and story. Philip Schoff, Sr., a pioneer of Guernsey county, Ohio, was a hero of three wars, and was probably the youngest soldier whose name appears upon the official records of the War of the American Revolution. When a lad of scarcely nine years, in 1778, he carried a gun in helping to defend a little frontier settlement in Pennsylvania (where he was born), from an attack by British and Indians. During the "Whiskey Insurrection'" in 1794, he, as a young man, made the memorable march over the mountains to western Pennsylvania where anarchy was quelled and peace and order restored. During the War of 1812 he served, from Guernsey county, in the Ohio militia.

In Indianapolis. Indiana, there is a patriotic organization, a chapter of the United States Daughters of the War of 1812, which has been named in honor of this hero of three wars, the Philip Schoff Chapter of Marion County. The Indiana state society, as well as the Marion county chapter of the United States Daughters of 1812, was organized by Philip Schoff's great-granddaughter, Mrs. Fanny R. W. Winchester; and both organizations have done much valuable patriotic and historical research work, recognized powers for all that is uplifting and beneficial in the life of the community. Philip Schoff's father was also a Revolutionary War patriot, and he laid down his life for the cause of American independence. He crossed the Delaware with General Washington and fought at Trenton and Princeton in that dark winter of 1776-77 when the patriot cause was at its lowest ebb.

The Schoffs of Ohio are descendants of one of the ancient families of German nobility. They were among the earliest crusaders to the Holy Land, and later the family took a lively part in the Protestant Reformation which followed Luther's nailing of the ninety-five theses to the door of the Wittenberg church. Mrs. Charles Peabody Wilder, a granddaughter of Philip Schoff, born in Muskingum county, Ohio, and who died in Indianapolis, Indiana, began the compilation of the Schoff family history. She died long before the necessary data had been gathered for the work, but her daughter, Mrs. Fanny R. W. Winchester, has resumed the work where her mother left off and will soon have ready for publication a valuable contribution to Ohio's genealogical lore.

Through Elizabeth Ramsey, the wife of Philip Schoff", Sr., Mrs. Eliza M. Gaumer is descended from one of the most ancient and illustrious families of Scotland, which dates from the time of David I, of Scotland, in 1140. Sir Walter Scott, who had a high regard for the Ramsey family, makes honorable mention of their valiant services in Scotland's cause in one of his historical novels, "Fortunes of Nigel." Fordoun, the historian, and many other writers have eulogized the members of this famous family of Scotland's nobility. Through her Schoff ancestry Mrs. Gaumer has three Revolutionary sires, for Elizabeth (Ramsey) Schoff's father was an officer in the patriot army. Moreover, Mrs. Gaumer's father served in the Civil War.

After his marriage and graduation, Thomas M. Gaumer located in Wyandot county, Ohio, and after practicing medicine for a time removed to Adamsville, which continued to be his home until 1882. In the meantime his aspirations had undergone a change, and he seems to have found less enjoyment in his profession than he expected. At any rate, after weighing the chances, he decided in favor of journalism, and thereafter medical science knew him only as an erstwhile practitioner. After purchasing the Champaign Democrat at Urbana, he edited and published the same for about a year, and then, in partnership with his brother, D. H. Gaumer, published the Zanesville Signal, a daily paper. After disposing of his interests in the Signal in 1887, he repurchased the Champaign Democrat, and from then until the time of his death, September 30, 1893, his energies were devoted to making this sheet a practical and interesting news dispenser. He was a stanch Democrat, a keen observer of men and events, and had the faculty of finding out what the public wanted to know. His editorials evinced a world of common sense, and an intelligent understanding of all sides of prevailing public conditions. He was a member of the Lutheran church, and was fraternally associated with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. His wife, who survives him, is the mother of three sons: Charles Edmund, Frank Cone, and Bruce Barton. Mrs. Gaumer is a member of the Independent Bible Students Association, of which the late Pastor Russell was president., Principal=Dr. Thomas Melancthon Gaumer6 
Biography 1922  From "A memorial of the one hundredth anniversary of the marriage of Philip Schoff" By Mrs. Eloise (Walker) Wilder, Mrs. Fanny Ramsay (Wilder) Winchester

Page 115-120

(see attached photo)
(Eliza Margaret Cone)

3. Eliza Margaret Cone, third child of Barton, and Julian (Walker) Cone. b. Monroe township Muskingum Co. O., March 1, 1852; m. Sept. 19, 1875, Thomas Melancthon Gaumer M. D., son of Jonathon and Mahala (Barrett) Gaumer, pioneer settlers of O. He was b. Adamsville, O., February 2, 1848; d. Urbana, O. September 30, 1893. Mrs. Gaumer at the age of 18, became a school teacher, which avocation she followed until her marriage, five years later, to Dr. Gaumer.

Like her parents, and a long line of pious forefathers, Mrs. Gaumer is a devout and humble follower of Jesus Christ ; her whole soul and mind, filled with that joy and peace, which the world can not give, she is a perfect tower of strength for fainter hearts to lean

Dr. Gaumer, like his wife, was a descendant of Penna., ancestors; his great-grandfather, Jacob Gaumer, served in the War of the American Revolution. Dr. Gaumer was educated at the public schools, and at Dennison University, Granville, O. He subsequently taught school for a number of years. Deciding to devote his life to the practice of medicine, he entered the Ohio Medical College of Cincinnati, graduating therefrom in 1876, a year after his marriage. He began the practice of medicine in Wyandotte Co., but soon removed to Adamsville, where he continued in his profession until 1882, when he purchased the "Champaign Democrat," which he edited and published about a year, at Urbana, O, when with his brother, D. H. Gaumer, he ran the Zanesville Signal, a daily paper.
Disposing of his interest in the "Signal," he repurchased the "Champaign Democrat," which he published until the time of his death. He was a staunch Democrat, and it has been said of him that "as a keen observer of men and events, he had the faculty of finding out what the public wanted to know. His editorials evinced a world of common sense, and an intelligent understanding of all sides of prevailing public conditions. "He was a member of the Lutheran church and of the I. O. O. F., a School Examiner for Muskingum Co., and a Trustee of the Ohio Asylum for Epileptics. An old friend of the family, thus writes of Dr. and Mrs. Gaumer :

"The more elderly portion of this community, can well remember when Dr. Thomas M. Gaumer, assumed the proprietorship of the Champaign Democrat, and
entered upon the seemingly forlorn task of resuscitating, and putting new life and vigor into a defunct enterprise, which had ever vibrated between life and death. Possessing wonderful powers as a journalist, aided by his sterling habits, rigid honesty and integrity, he entered into the work with an arm nerved to aid in every laudable enterprise for the betterment of political government, or for the moral uplifting of the general public. In those early struggles he had a valuable help-meet in his wife, who is eminently qualified to give aid, either in council, or active labor, in establishing the refined ideals which has placed the Champaign Democrat on a high plane in the field of journalism. At this juncture, when their faithful toilings began to bring in satisfactory results, the great dispenser of all human affairs, saw fit to call the head of the little family from his earthly labors, to the silent chamber of everlasting rest. Thus to the maternal cares and responsibilities already devolving upon the bereaved widow, was added the onerous duties connected with the editorial management of the paper. Being possessed of great moral courage, and relying on the sacred promises of the widow's friend, she successfully carried on the work, until her sons came to her aid, as they successively finished their education in the city schools. While her earthly partner who was honored and respected by all who had the pleasure of his acquaintance sleeps in his silent tomb, she can now look with satisfaction upon the monument erected by their united toil, viz : the most popular newspaper Champaign Co. has had, in more than one hundred years. As further returns for past labors, she can look with pride upon the three noble young men she has given to the world, familiarly known as Charley, Frank and Bruce.

"The respective towns of Middletown. Urbana, and Alarysville. will be made wiser and better, because of their presence and literary accomplishments. That they may live long to cheer and brighten the pathway of a devoted mother, is the prayer of an old friend."


1. Charles Edmund Gaumer ; 2. Frank Cone Gaumer ; 3. Bruce Barton Gaumer.

Charles Edmund Gaumer, eldest child of Dr. T. M. and Eliza Margaret (Cone) Gaumer, b. Marseilles, O. Nov. 28, 1876; m. Sept. 7, 1898, Effie Aletta Landis, only daughter of Mr. and Airs. S. M. Landis ; she was b. August 17, 1878, Urbana, O., graduated from High School there, class of 1897.

When he was ten years old, Charles Edmund Gaumer went with his parents to Urbana, O., to live ; he was educated there in the public schools. Mr. Gaumer's father having died a few months before the close of the school year, he, with his widowed mother, took charge of the "Champaign Democrat," and though compelled to divide his energies between his school work, and his late father's business affairs, he graduated with honor, from the Urbana High School, class of 1894. At the age of eighteen, Mr. Gaumer took upon his shoulders the cares and responsibilities which his father had laid down. He continued the management of the "Champaign Democrat," for five years, when turning it over to his younger brother Frank, upon his graduation from High School 1899, he purchased the "Bulletin", a weekly Democratic newspaper at Monticello, Ill. Under his wise management the "Bulletin" became a financial success, and a power in politics. In 1901, he bought the Middletown. O., "Daily Signal," which after bringing to a high standard he sold in 1908, and removed to Champaign, Ill., where he assisted in the publication of the "Champaign Daily News." In 1910, he returned with his wife and children to his old home in Urbana, O., and resumed his editorial work nn his late father's newspaper, the "Champaign Democrat," then under management of his brother Frank.

It has been said of Mr. Charles Edmund Gaumer, that as a writer, he is "forceful, genial, and fair; a memory well-stored with history, current literature, and political facts, adds strength io the pen of a polished writer."

Children : —

Lois Mahala Gaumer. b. Nov. 30. 1899, Monticello. Ill.; 2. Edmund Landis Gaumer. b. Jan. 29, 1901, Urbana, O. ; 3. Robbin Irene Gaumer, b. May 14, 1906, Middletown, O.

Frank Cone Gaumer, second child of Dr. T. M. and Eliza Margaret (Cone) Gaumer, b. Adamsville, O., Dec. 16, 1879. Upon his graduation from the Urbana High School, Class of 1899, he at once took over the management of the "Champaign Democrat," and, as has been said, "became one of the bright particular stars in the journalistic world, having had considerable experience in that field while still a high school boy, as, owing to the death of his father, he, with his mother and elder brother, managed the paper.

He is a member of the I. O. O. F., is unmarried, and lives with his widowed mother, to whom he is a tenderly devoted and dutiful son.

Bruce Barton Gaumer, youngest child of Dr. T. M. and Eliza Margaret (Cone) Gaumer, h. Adamsville, O., Sept. 9, 1881 ; m. Feb. 7, 1907, Mary Dennis Kirby, daughter of Mr. A. G. and Pheobe (Emboree) Kirby. He was educated in the public schools of Urbana, O., graduating from High School Class of 1899, September 1, 1901 he went to Terre Haute, Ind., as reporter on the "Terre Haute Gazette." Jan. 1, 1902, he took a position as newspaper reporter in Newark, O., where he remained until Aug. 1, 1904, when with his uncle Joseph Cone, he bought the "Marysville Journal" (Democratic ).

He is a successful, wide-a-wake newspaper man, respected and beloved by all who know him.
Children : —

Frank Thomas Gaumer, b. 1913; Mary Elizabeth Gaumer, b. 1916; David Daniel Gaumer, b. March 1, 1918; d. Sept. 25, 1919., Principal=Dr. Thomas Melancthon Gaumer7 
Burial* April 1929  New Hope Lutheran Church Cemetery, Salem Twp., Muskingum Co., OH, Inscription: Eliza Cone Gaumer Born Mar 1, 1852 Died Apr 29, 1929 Wife1 
Death* 29 April 1929  Muskingum Co., OH1 

Last Edited 8 May 2013


  1. [S43] New Hope Lutheran Cemetery, online
  2. [S105] Otsego Baptist Cemetery, online
  3. [S34] Gil Gaumer Personal Research, Gil Gaumer.
  4. [S46] 1860 U.S. Federal Census , 1860 U.S. Federal Census.
  5. [S100] 1880 U.S. Federal Census , 1880 U.S. Federal Census.
  6. [S1581] History of Champaign Co., OH, Evan P. Middleton.
  7. [S1582] Phillip Schoff Memorial History, Mrs. Fanny Ramsay (Wilder) Winchester Mrs. Eloise (Walker) Wilder.

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