Ancestors of Joseph and Sarah Steele Lutes
Lutz/Lutes and Lorance Ancestors of Joseph Lutes
It is a little difficult to keep the ancestors of Joseph Lutes straight. The earliest one we have is Hans Leonhard Lutz (1672-1729) Diefenbach, Wurtemberg Germany; then there are three Hans Georg Lutz in a row, with Johannes George Lutz III being the father of Joseph Lutes. Joseph Lutes was born 14 Sept 1803 in Lincoln County, North Carolina and died 16 August 1880 in Platte County, Missouri. He married Sarah Frances Steele, daughter of Abraham and Francis Taylor Steele about 1828 in North Carolina. Sarah’s ancestors are addressed below.
The Annals of Lincoln County, North Carolina (Ref 1) gave us hints on where to look for information on the Lutz ancestors. They tell us that two brothers, George and Jacob Lutz, who came to America on an English ship in 1752, first settled in Berks County, Pennsylvania, and in 1756 came to North Carolina. The Annals continue that George Lutz bought 200 acres of land on Jacob’s Fork…in what was later Tryon County, and later still, Lincoln County. Jacob Lutz bought a farm of 200 acres on Bett’s Branch, a tributary of Clark’s Creek. George Lutz came to North Carolina with five small sons, (1)Jacob; (2) Daniel; (3)George; (4) Ephraim; (5)David. This was written by W. A. Lutz in 1931 (grandson of George II’s son Jacob) and furnished to the writer of the Annals.
The father of this George and Jacob Lutz was Hans (Johannes} George Lutz, son of Hans Leonhard and Maria Apolina Lutz. Johannes George Lutz I married Maria Elizabeth Schone 23 November 1728 in Diefenback, Wurtemberg, Germany. This is the family that migrated to Pennsylvania from Wurtemberg, Germany.
Immigration to America
We examined the statement in the Annals that George and Jacob Lutz came to America in 1752 and settled In Berks County, Pennsylvania. Lutes/Lutz was a fairly common name in Germany and there are many many immigration records of that name. However, if we accept the 1752 date as close to the time of their migration, we find supporting records (Ref. 2). It appears that Johan Georg Lutz the first (Hans Georg above) may have come ahead of his family as we find on October 9, 1749, Palatines, persons from Wirtemberg, Durlach, and Zweibrucken, imported in the ship Lydia, Capt John Randolph, from Rotterdam, but last from Cowes, England, took the following persons to the Court House at Philadelphia for their qualifications by the Government: [151 people including Johan George Lutes. George seemed to be alone, however, women and minor children were not included on the ship’s lists at that time, but if he was coming early to examine the land, he would have come alone.] Then we find (Ref. 2): A List of Palatines Arriv here in the Ship Windsor, John Goad, Master, from Rotterdam and last from Cowes, Philadelphia 26th Sept 1753, including Jn George Lutes and Caspar Lutes. Johan Caspar was eldest son of Johan George I and Johan George II was the second son. The rest of the family consisted of females and sons Peter and Jacob, less than 10 years old, so they do not appear on the passenger list. These are the only instances of this family’s names around that time period so they may be correct - the second one of the ship Windsor most certainly is. As far as Berks County for the destination, most of the early family records are in Lancaster County but the two counties border on each other and Berks was set off from Lancaster County in 1751 so Berks may well be where they first settled and Lancaster may have still have been the repository for records, particularly if they lived close to the County line.
Map of Germany Locating Wurtemberg Note the lengthy journey on the Rhine River that had to be made to reach Rotterdam to board a ship. Map of a portion of Wurtemberg [from The Atlantic Bridge to Germany} showing Dieffenbach [Tiefenbach].
Immigration to North Carolina
The 1756 date of migration to North Carolina given in the Annals seems plausible since the elder Hans Georg Lutz died 8 November 1756 in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, per Trinity Lutheran Church Records in Lancaster County. The death of a prominent family member was often the trigger for a move in America where there was plenty of room for young men to seek their fortunes. It is unlikely that sons George and Jacob Lutes stood to inherit anything from their father and Hans Georg‘s land would by law go to eldest son Caspar. We find no evidence that Hans Georg was a naturalized citizen and as such he could not make a will to dispense his property.
Since the death occurred in November it may actually have been the spring of 1757 that the young men migrated (Jacob would have been only 11 years old). It is hard to say as the French and Indian War was in progress in this time period and travel would have been extremely dangerous. Attached is a map showing the long distance involved. Travel had long been done down the Shenandoah Valley from Pennsylvania to the Carolinas. Arriving in that time period they would not only have dealt with the ongoing French and Indian War but life in the Carolinas was risky and there were many scalpings and murders on both Indian and American sides from about 1756 on.
Now some problems about the Annals information that George came to North Carolina with five small sons. The marriage of Johan George Lutz (II) to Anna Catherina Schopf is given as 30 June 1761 in Trinity Lutheran Church Records in Lancaster County. Now it is entirely possible that George did go back to Pennsylvania for a bride, particularly because much of the family lore indicates that George and Jacob made at least part of their living from driving horses and other livestock back to Pennsylvania for sale from North Carolina. And if this is truly the case, then Anna and children may have remained in Pennsylvania for some time. The birthplaces typically given for the children indicate that children before 1770 were born in Pennsylvania and after 1770 they were born in North Carolina. This coincides with land purchases by George in 1770 where he finally had a place to bring a family. Sons David and Daniel were actually born in North Carolina. We do not have a son Ephraim listed for George and Anna Lutes but they did have a son John born in 1771 in North Carolina. Given that they probably followed the German custom of giving a saint’s name as first name to their sons, they were probably all named Johannes … and perhaps the John born in 1771 simply used the name John in later life and actually Ephraim was his second name. There were two grandsons of George and Anna that were named Ephraim (sons of Jacob and Daniel) so the name did run in the family.
Jacob Lutes also married in Pennsylvania and his record is listed in Ref. 7: Lutz, Jacob, Maria Catharine Schopf 26 May 1767. It was not until his second child was born in 1772 that we find them in North Carolina however. This adds additional support to the idea that George and Joseph traveled back and forth from North Carolina to Pennsylvania on a regular basis (keep in mind though that the immigration date of 1756 could simply be family myth!). Besides the stories of moving livestock to Pennsylvania for sale (supported by the fact that there was an old Indian Trail very near where the Lutz brothers lived in North Carolina that connected with a well traveled Indian and immigrant trail down through the Shenandoah Valley that led through Virginia directly to Pennsylvania.) We have a map of these trails but it is copyrighted so we cannot post it. If George and Jacob were indeed in North Carolina at the very early date they no doubt hunted and trapped for a living. There was a Lutes cousin in Pennsylvania who was a hatter and he could have been supplied with beaver pelts and deer hides from brothers George and Jacob. Joseph Lutes, son of George operated a tannery in Georgia at a later date and he no doubt learned his skills from their hunting and trapping operations.
In 1700 John Lawson explored the Carolinas and published his account in England in 1709 as “A New Voyage to Carolina.” He went as far as the lower reaches of the Catawbas and was well received by Indians and the few French Hugenot settlers. He was able to follow the Indian trading patch into Virginia even at this early date. His writings drew a new wave of immigrants to America and to the south. By 1755 a few fingers of some semblence of civilization reached up Indian Trading Paths and here and there trading posts had attracted primitive satellite settlements. There were white people in the interior but they mostly adopted the ways of the Indians. They killed deer, selling the hides. The only roads were buffalo trails and wolves were prevalent. This background indicates that George and Jacob may have been attracted to this land and had a ready way of making a living with their connections to the north. There were Journals of the Reverend Charles Woodmason who came in 1766 and married, baptized and preached up and down the Catawba region. He described the early settlers as a ragged lot dressing like Indians and the women in shifts. They had to be self sufficient for everything. Even an Englishman traveling some years later described the Carolina backwoodsmen: Their whole dress is very singular and not very materially different from that of the Indians. The women wore petticoats and bed gowns and went without shoes in summer. This could explain the reason George and Jacob did not bring their families until a later time. Typical Cabin and Male Dress.
Land Records in North Carolina
We get a better picture of their land purchases from looking at the actual land records:
(1) On 19 May 1770 George Heffner of Tryon County and wife Anna to George Lutes, for 85 pounds…land adj. John Alexander, Frederick Markle, 400 A. granted 27 Dec 1768 to sd. Heffner…George Heffner (seal), Anna Heffner (X)(Seal), Wit: John Sickman?, John Blackburn, Proven July term 1770.
(2) On 4 June 1770, John Alexander and wife Elizabeth to George Lutes and Jacob Lutes all of Tryon Co., for 150 lb proc. money…land on a branch of Clarks Creek, called Pinch Gut, 400 A granted to Samuel Young 31 Mar 1755, and by Young conveyed to Alexander 12 Apr 1755...John Alexander (Seal), Elisabeth Alexander (A)(Seal), wit: Robert Blackburn, Joseph Scott. Rec. July Term 1770.
(3) On 29 Jan 1772, John Lusk of Tryon Co., farmer to Jacob Lutes of same, yeoman, for 20 lb lawful proc. Money…186 A on w side Pinch Gut creek adj. Simon Hoises, Alexander, Hefner granted to John Lusk and William Barnet 5 May 1769, and conveyed to Thomas Warren by deed and then to John Lusk…John Lusk (Seal), Wit: Mathew Willson, Robert Blackburn, Jurate: Rec. Jan. term 1772.
Maps of North Carolina County Boundaries in 1775 and 1780
Lincoln County, to the left on the 1780 map was set off from Tryon in 1778
The actual land records tell us that George Lutes bought 400 acres in May 1770; that George and Jacob shared another 400 acre parcel in June 1770; and that Jacob bought an additional 186 acres in Jan 1772; all parcels along Pinch Gut Creek. We have some detail maps of the area but need to get into them with a magnifying glass to see if we can find Pinch Gut Creek. The sales also tell us that land was for sale at the time George and Jacob came in 1756 so they likely didn’t have money to buy until 14 years later, reinforcing the thought that they had no significant inheritance from their father.
Children of Johannes George Lutz II
Family history (Ref. 5 & 6) includes a wife Barbara Latsch of Johannes George Lutes II married about 1759 and had one son Johannes George Lutz III, born 13 July 1760, baptized 13 Nov 1760, Lancaster Co, Pa, and apparently did not survive for long. Johannes George Lutz II then married 30 Jun 1761 in Lancaster Co, Pa to Anna Catherina Schopf and their children were (Ref 3 & 5):
Anna Catherina Lutz Arney
Born 11 Apr 1762 bp 30 May 1762, Lancaster Co, Pa, died 20 April 1862 Caldwell Co, NC, married Lawrence/Lorance Arney. We were unable to identify an Arney widow anywhere in North Carolina in 1850 or 1860 that fit this profile. There were a couple of Arny families that were younger in Burke County in 1860 (next to Caldwell County) that might have been related. Lorance Arney died before Oct 1802 in Burke County (Ref. 5) and Catherine Lutz died 20 April 1862 age 100 yr 7 da, Caldwell Co, NC (Ref. 5). Ref. 5 also gives a suit in Lincoln County, NC where Lorance Arney and wife sued for their legacy of 50 lbs and 7 lbs 14 shillings, being one tenth part of the estate of George Lutes, deceased. Lorance Arney also bought land in Burke County, NC. Catherine Arney, widow of Lourance Arney, decd ordered letters of administration issued in October 1802 in Burke County, so we know Lorance Arney died without a will. The estate inventory was submitted in Jan 1803. We wonder if perhaps Catharine did die in Burke County and was buried in a cemetery across the line in Caldwell County, as the death information sounds as though it comes from a tombstone.
Maria Elizabetha Lutz
Born 27 May 1763 bp 24 Jul 1763 Lancaster Co, Pa, confirmed 1778 on Catawba River.
Anna Maria Lutz
Born ca 1764 LANCASTER Co, Pa, confirmed 1779 at S. Fork. (we are a bit suspicious of this one since it combines the names of the first two daughters - it is possible however, as typically the first names in German families were saint’s names and the second name was a given name that was their own, thus three daughters Catherina, Elizabetha, and Maria.)
Johannes George Lutz III
Born 7 Jun 1768 bp 21 Jun 1768 Lancaster Co, Pa. Married 14 Feb 1791 in Lincoln County, North Carolina to Elizabeth Lorance (parentage not determined). Died January 1826, Lincoln County, North Carolina.
A number of people have searched long and hard for the parentage of Elizabeth Lorance. There were many, many Lorance/Lawrence/Lourance/Lorentz families in North Carolina and it would be a long hard slog to investigate every one of them and Elizabeth is a very common given name so it would be difficult. The marriage bond of George and Elizabeth is listed in Ref. 6: Lutes, George (Ger Georg Lutz); Lorance, Elisabeth; George Lorance; 14 Feb 1791 Joseph Steel. George Lorance probably signed as giving permission for Elisabeth to marry as she was underage (probably about 14), so we assume he was parent or some other guardian. It is interesting that Joseph Steel posted the bond and we do not know his connection.
There were several Lutz/Steel marriages so it must have been a close relationship.
Johannes George Lutz III and Elizabeth Lorance Lutz had children:
Mary Lutes, born about 1792, Linoln County, North Carolina. Married Daniel Clodfelter 29 Aug 1815 in Lincoln County. Went to Cape Girardeau, Missouri per Ref 5.
George Lutz, born about 1793 Lincoln County and died 1863 in Wayne County, Missouri. He married (1) Mary M. Brown 29 Aug 1815 in Lincoln County (Ref 6); he married (2) Mary Steele, about 1831 in Lumpkin County, Ga, possibly daughter of Abraham and Francis Taylor Steele, and sister of Sarah who married brother Joseph Luites. He married (3)Martha Smith (Ref 4)
David Lutes, born about 1798 and died after Aug 1879 Gordon County, George. He married Catharine Brandy 1 July 1820 in Lincoln County (Ref. 6)
Joseph Lutes, born 14 Sept 1803, Lincoln Co and died 16 Aug 1880, Platte Co, Mo. He married Sarah Frances Steele, daughter of Abraham and Francis Taylor Steele about 1828 in North Carolina (more about them on the Lutes/Lutz page linked under surnames above.)
Sarah Lutes, born about 1804, Lincoln Co. She married Absalom Warlick 28 August 1824 in Lincoln County.
Leah Lutes born 1808 Lincoln County, NC, died 4 Sept 1848, Murray County, Georgia. She married Robert Henry Campbell 10 August 1823.
Phillip Lutes born 14 April 1809 Lincoln Co, NC, died 18 March 1878 Platte County, Mo. He married Paulina Ann Wills 17 October 1833, daughter of Thomas and Martha Higgins Wills (Ref 4).
Elizabeth Lutes born 1811 Lincoln County, North Carolina, died before November 1845. She married John R. Lance 11 Aug 1836 in Lumpkin County, Georgia (Ref 4).
Susannah Lutes born 1814 Lincoln County, NC, died about 1860, St. Clair County, Alabama. She married Joshua Toliver Steele about 1832 in Lumpkin County, Georgia, son of Abraham and Francis Taylor Steele, and brother of Sarah who married Susannah’s brother Joseph.
Jacob S. Lutz
Born 22 December 1769 Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. Married 6 December 1792 in Lincoln County, North Carolina to Mary Lorance (possibly sister of Elizabeth?).
Possibly Johannes Ephraim Lutz who used John as his given name? Born 31 July 1771 Lincoln County, North Carolina; died Jackson County Indiana in 1862. Married (1)? and (2) about 1808 in Lincoln County, North Carolina to Catherine Bowman, daughter of Daniel and Mary Bowman. We do believe there was a first marriage as we found several Lutes families near the John and Catherine Lutes family in Salt Creek, Jackson County, Indiana, that were older then the date of marriage of John and Catharine but young enough to be sons of John from a first marriage. They were born in North Carolina and had sons, John Lutes, that would likely have been named after John Lutz of North Carolina. John, age 78, born NC, and Catharine, age 79, born NC had a son Daniel, age 40, single, born North Carolina with them in 1850 in Salt Creek and he was no doubt the eldest son of John and Catharine.
Born about 1772 Lincoln County, North Carolina. No further information.
Born 24 September 1773 Lincoln County, North Carolina, died 22 Sept 1832 Clark County, Indiana; married about 1799 in Lincoln County to Catherine Gross. We did find: 1830 Charlestown, Clark Co, In
David Lutz, 1 male 50-60; 3 males 20-30; 1 male 15-20; 1 male 10-15; 1 female 40-50, 1 female 20-30; 2 females 15-20, 2 females 10-15; 2 females 5-10.
Born about 1775 Lincoln County, North Carolina, confirmed at S. Fork 13 May 1790. No further information.
Born 14 July 1776 Lincoln County, North Carolina. Married (1) 1792 Frances Elizabeth Fulbright, died 20 April 1842 age 66 yr 7 mo 25 da. Married (2) 10 Oct 1842 Susanna Catherine Bost. We find Daniel Lutz in Lincoln County, North Carolina in 1850: #715 Daniel Lutz, 74, farmer, born NC, Susan C. Lutz, 46, born NC; Frances C. Lutz, female, 6, born NC; Mayberry, 2, male, born NC.
More on Johannes George Lutz II
Reference 3 indicates that Johan George Lutz's will was probated in 1777 and it is mentioned that the will is still in the hands of descendants. Ref. 5 cites Burke County, North Carolina Wills: 25 Jan 1777 probated March 1777: Wife Caty, sons George, David, Daniel, Jacob, John and all the rest of my children. Ref. 5 provides a Burke County, North Carolina land entry on 11 December 1778 where George, David and Daniel Lutes, orphans of George Lutes, entered 381 acres on both sides of Pinch Gt Creek. Several Lutes/Lutz references indicate that George Lutz was killed at the Battle of Ramsour's Mill in Lincoln County, but that battle occurred in 1780 and it is abundantly clear that George Lutes/Lutz died before that time.
For the time being on this page we will follow our direct ancestor Johannes George Lutz III but we have taken some time to check census records on some of the other children in order to evaluate the quality of the research in Refs. 3 and 5 below and we find them to be very reliable.
Taylor and Steele Ancestors of Sarah Steele Lutes
Sarah Steele Lutes was the daughter of Abraham and Frances Taylor Steele. There is a wonderful document about the Steele Family (Ref. 8) which was prepared for the dedication of a special monument to the family in 1987. The author personally knew many members of the Steele family and had many contributors to the document as well as to the monument. It was the source of the photos of Joseph and Sarah Steele Lutes shown on the Lutes page.
Abraham Steele married Frances Taylor on 5 January 1801 in Rutherford County, North Carolina (Ref. 9). Daughter Sarah Frances Steele was born 18 March 1803 in Rutherford County, NC. She was second child and first daughter of Abraham and Frances Taylor Steele. Their first child was Joshua Toliver (b. 1802) married Susannah Lutes, sister of Joseph Lutes who would marry Sarah Frances Steele. The next daughter, Mary Steele, born about 1804 married George Lutz IV as second wife. George Lutes IV was brother of Joseph Lutes who married Sarah Frances Steele.
Steele Memorial, Steele, Al. The inscription on the Front Side: Abraham Steel - born 1774 in Amherst Co., Va, son of Augustine Steel born in Germany and died Amherst Co., VA 1790, married Frances Taylor January 5, 1801 in Rutherford Co, NC, da. Of Joshua and Hannah Holland Taylor. Both are buried in unmarked graves at Deerman’s Chapel Cemetery. Both lived to be over 90 years. Augustine Steel (Stahl) came to America on ship Duke Wirtenburg October 1752. The inscription on the Back Side: Abraham and Frances Steel’s known children are: Joshua Toliver Steele 1802-1892; Sarah Frances Steele Lutes 1803-1897; Nancy Steele Boaz 1806-1888; James Steele 1808-1863; Phalbeam Steel Phillips 1812-1902; Abraham K. Steele 1813-1884; George Steele 1815-ca.1865; Mary Steele Lutes died before 1850. George is buried Deerman’s Chapel, Sarah Frances Lutes in Mo, Nancy Boaz and Phalbeam Phillips in GA, James in MS, Abraham K. in TX, Joshua Toliver and wife Susannah Lutz, son Abraham and wife Sally Chandler Steel, das Mattie Steele Carrington and Sarah Steele Lutes are buried here. Mary Steele Lutes probably bur. Ga. (Ref 9).
Ref. 9 also includes proof of the Taylor ancestry. It includes a copy of the will of Joshua Taylor, written 8 March 1827, probated June Ct. 1830. Daughter Frances Steele is left 1 Negro Isbel and her child Jisee not to be subject to payment of Abraham Steele’s debt. A number of the other children of Joshua Taylor were willed slaves. The great grandfather of Sarah Steele Lutes is also identified by a will from Will Book A, Rutherford Co NC 1779-1791: Robert Taylor, 1 March 1806, probated Oct Ct 1807. Son, Joshua 2 negroes, all stock, working tools and implements of husbandry, beds and furniture, ½ growing crop the year I die the other half to grandson Jeremiah Taylor. Also to Jeremiah 1 negro. No other slaves were dispensed in the will. The two negros that Frances received from her father Joshua were sold to Elias King on February 29, 1836, while the Steele’s were living in Buncombe County, North Carolina.
We have an enormous collection of Lutes/Lutz family information thanks to the hard work of several cousins. On this page we trace only the direct ancestry of Joseph and Sarah Steele Lutes. We have included on the site a very messy and temporary page containing most of the Lutes/Lutz information that we have.
(1)Annals of Lincoln County, North Carolina, 1749-1937, by William L. Sherrill
(2)Pennsylvania German Pioneers, Ralph Beaver Strassburger, LL.D., Edited by William John Hinke, PH.D, D.D. Vol 1 1727-1775 (Genealogical Publishing Co, Inc. Baltimore, 1980)
(3)Johannes Georg Lutz 1706-1756 and His Descendants, Gateway Press, Inc., Baltimore by Margaret D. Lutes.
(4) Lutes Family Tree, by Ernestine Lutes, Printed by Lone Tree Printing, Central City, NE (n.d.)
(5) German Speaking People West of the Catawba River in North Carolina 1750-1800, compiler and editor Lorena Shell Eaker, 1994 (credits Ref 3 for Lutes/Lutz information )
(6)Marriage Bonds of Tryon and Lincoln Counties 1769-1867
(7)Marriages and Marriage Evidence in Pennsylvania German Churches, First Reformed Church, 1736-1806
(8)Dedication of Steele Monument Steele Cemetery Steele, Alabama, by Vivian Buffington Qualls, August 15, 1987
(9)CD 229 December 1994 Edition NC Marriages, Rutherford NC Marriages from 1779 to 1850
This page was created April 2007.
Return to My German Families Home Page
EMail for Contact - Email Web Master Nadine at About Us page on Woodward Site (Use the back button on your browser to return here.)