Updated 31 Oct 1999
Transcribed from Francis G Tucky's "The City and County of Cork Remembered", c.1830 which was posted to Rootsweb County Cork and Genexchange mailing lists
From Francis G Tucky's "The City and County of Cork Remembered", c.1830
Excerpts, notes in brackets.
Mostly this refers to events in and around Cork city. Tucky's spellings and punctuation are copied as they were printed.
Aug. - Benjamin Bonworth, the city gaoler, was fined £40, and ordered to be imprisioned until it was paid, for not having done his duty in burning one Timothy Bourke on the hand with a hot iron, as he was directed; it being a cold one he made use of.
This year consisted of but 355 days, the period from the 2nd to the 13th of November (both inclusive) not being reckoned, but omitted in order to make out year commence at the same time as that of other nations. This was what was termed "new style". Sept. - St Finbarry's bells were put up, as were also those of Shandon in this city.
April. - One Matthew Callaghane, upon receiving sentence of death in the city court, for the robbery of Captain Capel, leaped out of the dock with his bolts on, and made his escape out of court, but was re-taken the same day, and hanged at the corner of Broad Lane, on the 25th of April. The criminal was taken in Court Lane, and the informer who discovered on him was so illtreated by the mob, (having had one of his ears cut off), that his life was despaired of. Since this transaction, the dock in the court was made higher.
April 19. - One Francis Taylor was buried in St. Peter's Church-yard, and the next morning was found sitting up in the grave, one of his shoulders much mangled, one of his hands ful of clay, and blood runing from his eyes, a melancholy instance of the fatal consequence of a too precipate internment.
May I. - There was the greatest and longest shower of hail ever remembered in this city.
April 20. - William Sullivan was executed on the new stone gallows, which at that time faced the pound and the lough road, for running away with Miss Margaret Mullane.
May 4. - A party of soldiers under the command of lieutenant Appleton was sent in pursuit of Morty Oge O Sullivan, one of the murders of John Puxley, Esq. on the 4th. About 12 o clock at night, they arrived at Bearhaven, and in a short time after were discovered by the centinels belonging to Sullivan; but the party being too far advanced towards the house, the centinels had not time to warn the inmates of their approach, but made the best of the way to save themselves. The party immediately surrounded the house, but Sullivan and his party being alarmed by the barking of a dog which was in the house, took the alarm directly. Sullivan being in his shirt, came to the door and opned it with a blunderbuss in his hand; upon which he and his men fired several blunderbusses out of the house at the party, but finding them too strong, he thought of the stratagem of sending out men, one at a time, thinking that the party would have left the house to follow them, by which means he might escape, but he was prevented by the officer, who only fired at the men as they went off. At length Sullivan's wife with her child and nurse, came out and asked for quarter, which was granted; the officer asked her who was in the house; she answered, no one but her husband and some of his men; upon which he ordered the house to be set on fire, which they were a long time in doing, the men's arms being rendered quite uselesss from the heavy rains; but this being at last accomplished, they were obliged to come out. Sullivan and his men behaved with great bravery, he himself snapped his blunderbuss twice at the party, which missed fire; the officer's party also fired at him twice with as little success, but by the tird time shot him and some others dead, some more were wounded, but they only brought away the body of Sullivan and two prisonoers, John Sullivan and Daniel Connel; the king's boat at the same time went round and sunk the sloop belonging to Sullivan. Had it not been for the wetness of the night, the party would have been discovered sooner, but Sullivan had not his usual centinels out, not expecting any thing to disturb him. The two prisoners were put into the south gaol until the assizes, when they were hanged on the wooden gallows and their heads spiked on the south gaol; Sullivan's body was lodged in the barracks until further orders; he was afterwards taken to the county court, his head spiked on the south gaol, and his remains interred on the battery in the new barrack. (Murty Òg O Sullivan of Eyeries, Beara, RC gentleman; charged with harbouring tories, robbers and rapparees 1738; escaped abroad and served in the Austrian army; fought at Fontenoy and at Culloden with Bonnie Prince Charlie 1746; returned to Beara; made his living from smuggling and recruiting for the French army; came into conflict with John Puxley who had accquired the ancestral seat of The O Sullivan Bear at Dunboy; shot Puxley dead and escaped to France; outlawed but still managed to pay frequent vists home to his family; betrayed on this final visit home,1754. A similar case to that of James Cotter, executed 1720 and Art O Laoire, outlawed and killed 1773.
See also: "Family Names of County Cork" - Diarmuid O Murchadha p.300-313 and "Cork, History & Society" - O Flanagan and Buttimer, ed. p.535-584)
July 23. - About 400 journeymen, weavers and combers, walked in procession to the gallows with a fleece all ragged and decayed carried before them; some poor artists in mourning appeared in the cavalcade, they hanged and afterwards burnt at the gallows, an effigy dressed up in chintz and foreign cotton. Aug. 18. - Samuel Levy, A Jew, was baptised in Peter's church (Church of Ireland, North Main St.) by the bishop of Cork.
March. - Extract of a letter from Peake, in the parish of Aghabullogue (pronounced: aha-bol-ug) and county Cork written by the Rev. Marmaduke Cox, in this month. "Last Thursday as some labourers were making a ditch to enclose a potatoe garden, one of them dropt his spade into a deep hole, which obliged him to open the earth to get out the spade, when he found a passage into fifteen, some say seventeen, very large subterraneous rooms or caverns, in one of which by estimation were above 500 skeletons, and in another five skeletons, all entire and laid at a distance of about a foot from each other, I examined one of the skulls, and found it more perfect and clena than any boiling or chirurgical art could prepare it, the teeth very regular and distinct, but upon being exposed to the air it opned and mouldered to pieces. The bones were of a pale reddish or brick colour, some others of them appeared as if they had been burned. The country people flocked in so fast, on hearing of this antiquw place, that they trod the bones into powder, they being quiet destitute of oil or subsstance; for they were indeed as shadows of bones. Pulvis et umbra sumus. "Tis imagined, there must be another passage to these subterraneous chambers from a Danish fort, about one hundred and fifty yards from the present entrance, this being very narrow. The rooms are about five feet high; there are other chambers that are not got into; the entrance being defended by very large stones, laid in the doors which cannot easily be removed. Whether they were the habitations of the Aborigines Irish, or contrived by the Danes, about the year 800 or 900, the curious may judge. There was a beautiful carved wood comb and comb case found in one of the rooms; but the air mouldered them into dust. "Tis supposed, if an entrance can be made into these chambers defended by these stones, that some curiosities will be found that will give further light into this affair; for one part of these caverns was their dwelling, and the other the depository of their dead.
May 29. - War was declared in this city against France.
July 5. - General Folliot's regiment, commonly called the Royal Irish, encamped at Ballyphehane, (southern outskirts of the city) and did not break up until the 17th October following. The city militia did duty in their absence.
July 21. - The new theatre in George's Street was opened. Nov. 4. - George III was proclaimed King in Cork. The Royal Scotch, Handsyde's and Bagshaw's regiments lined the streets, whilst the mayor, corporation, and city regalia attended by lieutenant governor Molesworth, paraded the town.
Dec. 25.- One of the galleries of the South Chapel (RC St Finbarr's South, Dunbar St) fell down, by which three persons had their legs broken.
Jan.19. - War was declared in Cork against Spain. June 6. - There was a dreadful fire in Cat-Lane, which consumed 150 houses. June 20. - Prayers were offered up in all the churches. This was a remarkably dry summer, there not being a drop of rain for 13 weeks previous to this day.
April 4.- Peace was proclaimed in Cork between England, France, Spain and Portugal. The night concluded with ringing of bells, bonfires, illuminations, &c.
Feb. 20. - A crowd of people began to dig for money near the new barrack.
April 15. - A great number of fellows were at this time in the habit of assembling in Hammond's fields near Blarney, every Sunday evening, many of them armed with swords, &c. in open contempt of magistry, where they divided themselves into two parties in order of battle, and generally maintained a running fight for several hours, in which some of both parties seldom failed of getting broken heads; from thence some of their leaders after thier evening's diversion, used to remove the scene of action to the city, and continue rioting the remainder of the night. Before the beginning of the previous war, when knocking down, street robberies and sometimes murder were so frequent here, that the inhabitants were afraid to stir outside their doors after night-fall, it was in these same fields that the ruffians assembled.
April 29. - The fellows who assembled this evening according to the sabbath-day custom in Hammond's fileds, taking advantage of the army being from town, diverted themselves by throwing the centinel's boxes about the streets and insulting every defenceless person they met. The magazine was broken open the same night.
May 1.- Two parties of fellows consisting chiefly of those that had been rioting on the 29th, had a battle around the May-bush, in which several of them were very much hurt, and one died of his wounds.
May 14. - Nineteen master barbers were convicted at the quarter sessions, of excercising the finctions of their trade on the Lord's day, and ordered to pay a crown for each offence. One of them was found guilty of shaving three persons at a half-penny each, for which he was fined three crowns. They were however excused from paying the fines, upon promising not to offend again in a similar manner.
June 1. - A dreadful fire broke out in Mallow, by which a great number of houses were consumed.
June 15. - About six o clock this morning, a corporal, eight private men, and a constable of the north quarter, who were escorting two prisoners into the city from Blackpool, (northern suburb of Cork, was and is a lively spot) where they had been apprehended, were desperately attacked by a number of fellows while passing through Mallow-lane, (present day Shandon St, also in the northern suburbs) who pelted them with stones, and attempted to rescue the prisoners. The soldiers after several ineffectual efforts to make them desist, were compelled at length for their own preservation to fire at them, by which two men were killed. This put an end to the affair, the rest having dispersed, and the soldiers conducted their prisoners safe to the main-guard, from which they were conveyed to the city gaol.
(Rioting or faction fighting on Sundays between the Blackpool and Fair Lane factions was a common occurence in the northern suburbs of the city at this time. It usually reached a peak around May Day when Maypoles were erected in celebration of the old pagan custom of Bealtaine. (pronounced: bwe-owl-ta-na))
An act was passed this year for re-builing the bridge over the Black-water at Cappoquin, towards defraying the expense of which, the lord lieutenant and council were empowered to raise any sum not exceeding £^00, out of the counties of Waterford, Cork, Kerry and Tipperary, and the counties of the cities of Waterford and Cork.
March. - Mary Burke, commonly called Sterling Molly, and Tobias Burke, her son, were sentenced to be executed for the murder of John Geary, by setting a mastif at him, who tore several parts of his flesh in pieces: the sentence was afterwards changed to transportation for life.
August 18. - There was a desperate battle this evening between the rioters of the north suburbs. August 31. - The Red Head Galley, commanded by captain Richard Neale, arrived with sixty French families on board. The celebrated Doctor Tuscano, who is mentioned in Mr. Fitz-Adam's World, vol. 3, No. 115, exhibited himself on a stage in the middle of the street, opposite the Excahnge of this city, where he dealt out his nostrums to such as stood in need of his asisstance.
Oct. 18. - A mob consisting of several hundreds of butchers, weavers, &c. armed with hatchets, cleavers, long knoves, and sticks, went through the city and visited several of the merchant's cellars, in search of meat and other provisions, which it had been reported were cellared up for exportation; they found little besides some empty hampers of which they made a bonfire on Mall isle (present day South Mall), supposing they were designed for transporting provisions in. They were put down by the military, headed by the city sheriffs, who apprehended seven of the most forward of them, and commited them to the city gaol, but soon afterwards liberated them.
Oct. 20. - Several linen and cotton gowns were burnt on the backs of the wearers, by being sprinkled with aqua-fortis (nitric acid), with the mischievous intention of preventing the increase of the linen manufacture. (apparently by the woollen weavers)
Oct. 23. - In consequence of the scarcity of provisions, the mayor gave notice that if any should be shipped in this city or harbour for exportation, he would case the same to be unladen, and sold in the public market.
There was a great scarcity of half-pence at this time.
Feb 6. - A man employed by archdeacon Browne at upper Glanmire to watch tithe potatoes, was abused in a most inhuman manner, the following night his house was set on fire.
The rivers, loughs and canals being frozen, there was much skating.
Feb 8.- The frost began to thaw.
Feb 24.- A company of the 26th regiment marched to Cloyne, where it was reported the white boys had committed some outrages, a company of the royal Scotch were also ordered from Kinsale.
A gentleman walked for a wager from Cork to Youghal and back in sixteen hours and a half.
May 1. - This day passed off without any disturbance around the May bush; a rare circumstance and much to the credit of the people for refraining from such scandalous practices.
May 5. - The corporation voted an address of thanks to the lord lieutenant, for a quantity of wheat imported from England, and sold at alow rate to the poor, (at the loss of government) in consequence of the distresses of the poor of this city, made by John Hely Hutchinson MP for Cork; thanks were at the same time voted to Mr. Hutchinson.
May 18. - Some boys paddling in a pool near Parliament bridge, discovered the body of a new born infant.
June 4.- Being the King's birthday, the morning was ushered in by ringing of bells; at noon the 63rd regiment fired three volleys on the mall. In the evening the Exchange and steeple of St. Anne's Shandon were illuminated, and the night concluded with bonfires, and other demonstrations of joy.
A number of silver coins were found on the lands of Ballymartle near Kinsale, with inscriptions resembling eastern characters.
June 11.- A fire destroyed 14 thatched cabins in Rathcormac.
June 13. - Lieutenant-general Boscawen reviewed in a field near the Lough, the 26th, 44th and 63rd regiments of foot.
June 16. - Bartholomew Leary was convicted of cutting down, and stealing grass out of a field, for which he was sentenced to be whipt from north gate to Lavitt's buildings, and afterwards from south gate to the gallows, and round same, with a bundle of grass hanging under his neck.
June 23. - The corportation granted fifty pounds, toward furthering the improvement of the Red house walk.
[Note: The Red House Walk or Mardyke had been built in 1719, largely through the undertakings of Edmund Webber, A Dutchman, who was at one time High Sherriff of Cork and who later became a freeman of the City in 1728. The Mardyke Walk reached as far as the Tea House, which Webber had also built, which was known as the Red House (correctly the Dyke House) and situated where the Sacred Heart Church is today. In 1830, part of the Mardyke Walk was lost when the former Wellington Bridge, (now Thomas Davis Bridge) was constructed linking the Western Road to Sunday's Well. Previous to this, the only access from the city to Sunday's Well was via North Gate Bridge.]
[From: Anita Frstkid57@aol.com
re:The Mardyke, you mentioned the Thomas Davis bridge. Thomas Osborne Davis was a Mallow son, born there in 1814. He was one of the leaders of the Young Ireland Party abt.1842, but unfortunately died young in 1845. But I mention this because Mallow has it's own Pipe Band, and they are named after Thomas Davis.
The Thomas Davis Pipe Band has been in existence for 75 years, celebrating their 75th anniversary this year. In the 1998 issue of the Mallow Field Club Journal there is a great article about the Pipe Band, it's history, and many names are mentioned in connection with the band. If you are researching your family history in the Mallow, North Cork area, you might want to consider subscribing to this Journal, as it is chock full of interesting articles and essays about the people, the area and its history Mallow Archaeological & Historical Society
Some of the names associated with the Thomas Davis Pipe Band over the years: William, John and James O'Sullivan (of Geraldville)
Henry O'Mahony (of Buttevant)
Jimmy and Paddy Bohan
The Healy's (of Quatertown)
There are many more, but I can't copy all of them. Anyway, consider this Journal if you're reserching in this area, and Jean, thanks again for a look into the past.]
The ferry boat, plying on the river Blackwater, near Castle Hyde, was overset with seven persons on board, five of whom were drowned. The others saved themselves by holding a cable which extended across the river.
30. - £100 in addition to his salary was voted by the Court of D'oyer hundred to the mayor for his eminent services.
April.- Jeremiah Twomey was executed at Gallows Green for robbing the dwelling house of Johanna Norton, at Crosses Green. Her husband was so ill-treated the night of the robbery that he died in some time after. Twomey was convicted of the robbery alone. The general opinion was that he died innocent, in consequence of which the mob brought him from the gallows, in his coffin to the prosecutor's door, where they bled him, took the rope off his neck, threw it into the windo, besmeared the door and window shuts with his blood, whist showers of stones were pelted at the windows from every quarter; during this time Mrs. Norton resolutely defended her house, threw the rope into the south river, and fired several shots at the mob, no person was however hurt; a party of soldiers soon came to her assistance, some of whom were left as a guard all night at the house. On the following day, as the executioner was passing through the Main-street, he was attacked by the populace, who follwed him a mile out of town, pelting him with sticks and stones by which he was desperately wounded; he was brought on a car by the sheriffs to the South Infirmary. What more particulary exasperated the mob against him, was his having stripped Twomey's shoes off while the body was hanging, claiming them as a perquisite of his reputable profession.
May 3. - A complaint was made in one of the Cork Newspapers, of fifty French vessels fishing for mackerel on the coast near Bantry-Bay without interupption from the revenue-cruziers.
Subscribers were served at their houses with the Cork Chronicle newspaper ,which was published twice a week, at 5s.5d. ( 5 shillings and 5 pence) per annum, or by the single paper at one half-penny each, in addition to which, a Mercury was given every Saturday when the English mails arrived.
May 11.- The applotment of the lamp tax was concluded.
May 13. - A schooner was upset in the river opposite merchant's quay.
Aug.- The new mayoralty-house was finished; it was projected by Davis Dukart, and executed by Charles Sweeney, carpenter, and Edmond Flaherty, mason. James Chatterton, Esq, was the first mayor who inhabited the Mansion House (now the Mercy Hospital). The foundation stone was laid on the 17th day of June, 1764.
Sept. 19.- Phelix M'Carthy, baker, was fined £50 and imprisoned for three months for offering a bribe to Samuel Maylor, the mayor of Cork; he was convicted before Prime Sergeant Hely Hutchinson in the city court.
April 23.- The fishermen of Kinsale, with many others, assembled and broke open a cellar in this town, which contained 250 bags of wheat for transportation, and by the vigilant conduct of the magistrates, it was carried to the public granary, to be disposed of for the public.
At a late hour, two officers of the 53rd regiment, on being repeatedly refused admission into the house now which they were billeted in Mallow-lane (now Shandon St.), attempted to make good their quarters, and broke some of the windows: while thus engaged, a number of fellows, unconcerned in the affair, assaulted them most violently, and desperately wounded one of them by a stroke with some sharp-edged instrument, by which his skull was severly cut, but not fractured. The other officer, having been several times knocked down, escaped without a wound. While the wounded man was lying on the ground, he perceived a person coming towards him, of whom he requested assistance; but the fellow, after viewing him attentively, gave him three or four kicks and went off.
April 28. - For some weeks a great number of idle vagabonds had annoyed the city by assembling in different parts of the suburbs on the sabbath day for the purpose of cutting and hacking, not only one another, but any of the inhabitants who might fall in their way. Several pitched battles were appointed to be fought by these gentry about the May-pole. (Seems to refer to "faction fighting", a popular pastime and spectator sport up to the latter half of the nineteenth century)
May 12. - A house was taken in Paul street for a bank which was then about to be established by independent gentlemen of this county, whose united fortunes amounted to £500,000. This was Tonson's bank.
May 19. - The friends of St. John Jeffreys esq. met at the town of Blarney, to testify their satisfaction at his being appointed governor of the city of Cork, an honour long enjoyed by his ancestors, and which they filled with "great dignity and applause."
May 23. - Rioting had arrived to such a height in the city, that it was supposed that if proper steps were not speedily taken, it would be unsafe for the inhabitants to walk the streets, as the lawless vagabonds who engaged in such riots were most abandoned wretches, who scrupled not to commit any villainy. A number of these gentry assembled in a most riotous manner in Shandon church-yard (St. Ann Shandon, COI) this evening, but were dispersed upon one of them being shot dead, whether by one of the rioters or by one of the annoyed inhabitants, it was uncertain. There were likewise rioting and unlawful assemblies in other parts of the city, on this and the following day in which several of the rioters were wounded, and innocent people insulted and abused.
June 27.- The new road from this city to Blarney, part of the Kanturk Turnpike, was opned and made passable for acrriages: in three miles this road was nearly three quarters of a mile shorter than the former one.
July 1.- Being the anniversary of the battle of the Boyne, "about a dozen fellows, to use the language of a Cork Newspaper, paraded the city with white lillies in their hats to exhibit their dislike of the above memorable event, but were soon dispersed by some gentlemen who gave them a good canning. An ignornant little fribble, who exhibited himself in Paul-street and Brown-street, with his bosom thus decorated, narrowly escaped a severe discipline, from which nothing but his insignificancy could have protected him."
July 4.- The freedom of the city was presented in a silver box to Captain Lucius O Brien, of his majesty's ship Solbay.
July 13.- A number of tradesmen of this city, the number of letters in whose christian names amounted to forty-five, met at a publichouse two miles and one hundred and forty-five yards from thence, where they spent forty-five pence each, and each drank exactly forty-five glasses of punch, which produced forty-five toasts and sentiments, including the glorious memory and a prayer against despotic rulers. (Sounds like some sort of a code, Masonic maybe? Anybody any ideas?)
July 14.- A number of seamen, belonging to the merchant ships in the harbour, having turned out for an advance of wages, paraded round the streets and quays with music playing, and a flag flying before them.
22.- This day the town clerk waited on the honorable Richard Barry, the honorable Arthur Barry, and the honorable John Smith Barry, and presented each of them with the freedom of this city in an elegant chased silver box. (Interesting the "American" spelling of "honorable" used here.)
July 24.- Prayers for fair weather were offered up in all the churches. August 1.- Tonson's bank was opened.
15.- The corporation presented the right honorable colonel Isaac Barre, one of the vice treasurers of Ireland, with his freedom of the city of Cork in a silver box.
Sept. 8.- Hennessy's salt house on Cold Harbour (now Parnell Place) was accidentally blown up with powder: his son and maid servant unfortunately lost their lives.
Feb. 11.- There was a dreadful fire on the Coal quay adjoining the Custom house.
March 5.- Sunday, there was a desperate battle at Parkmore ( location ?,Irish "big field") between the rabble of Fair Lane (obsolete, once stretched from the end of Fair Hill to Shandon St) and Blackpool.(North city suburb, former industrial area)
April 9. - There was a remarkably high tide with the wind south east; the water rose so high, as to overflow several houses in different parts of the city.
June 3.- George, lord viscount Townsend, lord lieutenant of Ireland, arrived in this city, and dined with the corporation at the mayoralty house on the 4th.
Sept. 1.- A meeting of the Atlantic society, took place at the castle of Hahine in the mouth of Castlehaven. (Castletownsend area)
Sept. 5.- The recorder, on the part of the corporation, having read an address to the lord lieutenant upon his arrival in Cork, expressive of their confidence in his administration, his excellency was pleased to asnwer, that the general welfare of Ireland, and the duty he owed his majesty, of course directed his utmost attention to this important and interesting seat of commerce.
Sept. 10.- Being Sunday, the lord lieutenant went to Christ church: (COI, South Main St, now the Cork Archives) he sat in the bishop's throne, and the bishop sat at the communion table.
Sep.17.- His excellency went down the river, took a view of the harbour, and afterwards dined with the lord bishop of Cork and Ross. His excellency gave a benefaction of £50 to each of the infirmaries of this city.
Oct 23. - A linen weaver of the name of Stafford, was shot dead by one of the soldiers who was conducting him to gaol; (pronounced "jail") he was charged with felony under a committal from the chief magistrate, when he fled from justice and leaped across the Mardyke river. The army pursued him, but there being no possibility of overtaking him, he was shot at the opposite side of the river.
Oct. 23. - The anniversary of the Irish rebellion was observed in the usual manner.
Oct. 25.- The anniversary of the accesion of out gracious sovereign to the throne was observed with every demonstration of joy.
Nov. 1- There was a concert and a ball at the assembly rooms, the profits of which were disposed of towards planting the Red-house walk.
Nov. 4 & 5.- The anniversaries of the birth of king William the III, and the deliverance from the gunpowder plot were observed with the usual demonstration of joy.
Nov. 13.- Hugh Milerd, one of the aldermen of the city, waited on the right honorable Sir George Macartney, at his appartment in the castle of Dublin, with the freedom of this city in a silver box, and an address from the mayor, sheriff, and common council of Cork.
Dec 31. -Rioting had become so common in this city, that it was not safe for any person to stand at his door without some weapon of defence, a most glaring instance of which appeared this evening: four peaceable persons near the Exchange, two of whom were women, were insulted, cut and beaten by one Mat Reily, a journeyman saddler, a most notorious offender who came up to them severally, armed with a knife, hammer, and stick, and used them as above, for no other reason than bidding him go about his business. Informations were immediately lodged against him, and a parish constable took him prisoner: he afterwards rescued himself, and nearly murdered the constable, but he was subsequently retaken.
Jan 18.- Being the queen's birthday, the regiments in garrison fired three volleys on the Mall;and the evening concluded with bonfires and illuminations, and every other demonstration of joy.
Jan 22.- The lord lieutenant ordered by proclaimation, that no horned cattle, or hides of horned cattle, either raw or salted, be landed in any port in this kingdom, and that all hay and straw imported in packages or otherwise, be burnt or destroyed, until further orders to the contrary.
Jan 26.- A young gentleman ran round the Lough of this city for a considerable wager, six times, in 30 minutes and a half, which is computed upwards of four English miles.
Feb 4.- This day, to the disgrace of christianity and breach of the Lord's day, a number of grown fellows assembled in different parts of this city, to partake of that cruel amusement of throwing at cocks, which it was expected would continue till Shrove-tide.
Feb 13.- A notorious highway robber, known by the name of Thunder, who had been the terror of this county for a considerable time past, was shot in endeavouring to escape, having been taken to a place within two miles of Mallow, where he was surrounded by a number of gentlemen; his body was brought to this city for public example.
Feb 17.-A great storm arose this evening, the wind at north west, which continued the whole night and the following day, by which several chimneys and signs were blown down, houses unroofed and greater damage done than had been known for many years.
March 5.- The lord lieutenant ordered the removal of the powder magazine from Skiddy's castle.
April 16.- The anniversary of the battle of Culloden was observed here by the ringing of bells, bonfired, illuminations and every demonstration of joy.(Battle of Culloden, Scotland, 1746, final defeat of the Jacobites under "Bonnie Prince Charlie")
April 23.-Two persons of the name of Poole and Hendley, who belonged to the 55th regiment, then quartered in Castle Island (Co. Kerry), applied to the Rev. Thomas Shughuerue the parish priest, to marry one of them to a girl in that town, which he peremptorily refused. Being provoked with a denial to so unreasonable a demand, the intended bridegrrom stabbed him in so unmerciful a manner as to leave no hopes of his recovery.
Lord Kingston directed by his will, that an alms-house should be built at Mitchelstown for twelve poor decayed gentlemen and twelve poor decayed gentlewomen, with appartments for a chaplain, and bequeathed a sum not exceeding £5000 to be laid out thereon, and in finishing the chapel, begun at the same place by his lordship.
May 7.- Colonel James Gisborne was appointed governor of his majesty's town of Kinsale and Charles-fort, in the room of the earl of Drogheda.
June 4.- The sovereign and corporation of Kinsale, according to their annual custom, rode through the franchises. The same day being the anniversary of his majesty's birth, the army fired three volleys. The town was brilliantly illuminated, and in several parts of it there were bonfires and other demonstrations of joy.
June 6.- Five carmen, on their way to Limerick, were stopped on the road near Whitechurch by fifty men or thereabouts, and one of the carts, being laden with English drapery, was immediately unpacked: a piece of rug was cut in small pieces, and the rest of the goods to a considerable amount, carried off.
June 7.- For two months past there were upwards of 300 sail of French fishing vessels, some of them of two hundred tons, on the western coasts of this kingdom, where they met with great success in the mackerel fishery, which it was thought was the cause of the great scarcity of fish which was then experienced, by the poor in particular.
June 11. - Some inhuman savages forcibly took a bull in the north suburbs, and after having driven him through the city with dogs, had him baited in the south suburbs for some hours, when the tormented creature ran from "their carnage" back into the city, which obliged the inhabitants to shut up their shops, and put an end to all business: the bull being unable to proceed father than Broad Lane (obsolete, was off North Main St.), was there and near the Exchange baited by dogs, and their brother brutes armed with sticks, for near five hours; and after having frightened four pregnant women into fits, tossed a horse nearly as high as a sign-post, threw a decrepid beggar and a standing of stockings into the kennel, gave up the remains of its tortured life in a narrow lane, much to the disappointment of his savage persecutors and to the loss of his owner. There was a simliar practice of baiting bulls thorugh the town of Dublin: In a newspaper of Nov.20,1749, we find the following paragraph, "Several persons were committted to Newgate for taking bulls from poor countrymen and driving them mad about the streets of Dublin, to the great detriment of their owners, and the hazard of the lives of the inhabitants of that city."
June 20.- There was a fire at Hammond's fields, by which six cabins were consumed.
July 1.- The anniversary of the battle of the Boyne was observed with the usual demonstrations of joy. (Battle of the Boyne 1690; river Boyne near Drogheda; final defeat of the Catholics, under the overthrown English king James II, by the Protestants under his Dutch son-in-law, William "of Orange" III king of England.)
July 26.- The sum of twenty guineas was given to the printers of the Hibernian chronicle, to be lent free of interest to poor tradesmen, at a guinea each, to be repaid at six pence halfpenny per week.
Aug. 12.- The birth day of the prince of Wales was observed here with every demonstration of joy.
Aug. 14.- Some goods, which were bringing to woollen drapers in this city from Dublin, were met in the suburbs by a mob who cut and destroyed two pieces. About 12 o' clock this night began one of the heaviest showers of rain ever remembered, which continued for three hours with such violence that a boat could float in some of the streets, there was likewise a great fall of rain on the 15th. It is remarkable that at the time of the shower on the proceeding night, there was not a drop of rain within two miles of this city on the north side.
Sep. 20.- There were at this time lurking in many parts of this city a set of nocturnal villians who were every night employed in breaking open stables.
Sep. 22.- The anniversary of his majesty's coronation, was ushered in with ringing of bells. At noon the regiments in garrison fired three volleys on the Mall.
Oct. 3.- There was a very hot press* at Cove ( now spelt Cobh but pronounced "cove", and formerly known as Queenstown), when several able seamen belonging to the merchantmen there and at Passage (West) were impressed.
A stack of chimneys of enormous size fell through the printing office of the Hibernian Chronicle newspaper office, broke three floors, and very much injured the printing materials.
Oct. 25.- The anniversary of his majesty's accession to the throne, was observed here by the ringing of bells, &c.
Nov. 4. - Being the anniversary of the birth of king William (William III 1650-1702, see the Boyne, above)
Nov. 5.- A Newfoundland vessel laden with fish, bound for Waterford, was attempted to be boarded off our harbour by a press* boat, but the passengers and crew making resistence, they were fired upon by the press* gang, and five of them were wounded, one of whom afterwards died at Youghal: however the press* boat thought proper to sheer off, and the vessel landed her crew and a wounded man at Dungarvan.
*Press; Press Gang, where young men were literally kidnapped and forced to join the British Navy.
Nov. 22.- Since lamps had been given up in this city a number of persons were drowned, who in all probability might have been saved if that useful and well appointed mode of lighting the streets had been continued.
Dec. 3- In the newspaper of this day appeared the following paragraph, "The lovers of humanity and justice wish that some method may be taken to prevent the savage amusement of bull baiting, particulary in a city so much resorted to by foreigners who must look upon us as an uncivilised people, devoid of humanity. This morning a tormented beast was beaten through the Main street, Castle-street, quays, &c. for a considerable time, to the terror of the inhabitants; a man was thrown by the bull against a car, and narrowly escaped being killed. If some stop is not speedily put to this barbarous practice, the country people will be deterred from bringing their bulls to market, as they are generally forced from them, contrary to justice, by those wicked miscreants."
Dec. 18.- Two field pieces and four covered wagons laden with gunpowder, ammunition, and camp equipage, arrived in this city from Dublin.
Jan. 31.- Commodore Knight, in the Ramilies of 90 guns, with the defence of 74, Centaur 74, Ajax 74, Ripon 64, and Solebay of 28 guns, arrived in our harbour.
Feb. 6.- A man was severely whipt from Woodhill to Lota (along the present-day Lower Glanmire Road) for stealing trees.
March 7.- The rendezvous in this city were shut up, and the gangs dismissed.
July 21.- A dreadful fire broke out this night in the house of the earl of Barrymore, which consumed that elegant ediface with all the out offices. It was said to have cost near £40,000.
Aug. 20.- A large body of weavers assembled in Paul street in order to take a man from the employment of Mr. Sexton, in Paul's alley, to punish him for working contrary to their rules, and meeting with a cart-load of camblets belonging to Mr. Sexton, they were in the act of destroying them, when sheriff Lucas, accidentally passing by, dispersed them all to the number of 200, without doing much mischief. They however gave the sherriff gross language, and one of them took his sword from him, with which he made off, but was pursued by the sherriff, who soon seized him and committed him to gaol.
A great number of bad quarter guineas, and forged half-crowns were in circulation.
Sept. 24.- A man was discovered this night walking upon the tops of the houses opposite St. Peter's church, which greatly alarmed the whole neighbourhood, and though the most diligent search was made for his apprehension he got off undiscovered.
Sept. 26. - The public were cautioned in a Cork paper of this date, as the long nights were approaching, to be careful how they passed over the old drawbridge (now Drawbridge St.) after dusk, it being so old and out of repair as to be turned into its proper place.
Sept. 30.- The ancient custom of throwing bran was observed here with the greatest profusion upon the installation of the mayor and sherriffs. This custom originated as an emblem of plenty, and for the purpose of animating suceeding magistrates with zeal to the service of the citizens.
Oct. 7.- Orders were sent to Cork and Kinsale, immediately to provide quarters for six regiments of foot, to be quartered there for the greater convenience of embarkation.
Oct. 12. On this night and the following day there were violent storms and heavy rain, by which a tree was torn up on the Mardyke walk, and the weirs near
Nov. 6 - A party of mariners beat up for volunteers in this city.
Dec. 7 - There was a very high tide; all the houses on Dunscombe's marsh (obsolete), Tuckey's quay (now Grand Parade), Hammond's marsh (obsolete, now part of The Marsh area of the city adjoining Grattan St.), and many in the main street, had the lower parts filled with water; no material damage however occured thereby.(Cork's city centre is below sea-level. Cork was built on a series of marshy islands that were gradually reclaimed over the centuries to form the present-day single island, Morrison's, of the city centre.)
The same morning much injury was sustained in Youghal, boats were driven into the streets, a snow broke from her moorings, several houses were very much flooded with water, and in some instances it came into the person's beds.
Dec. 12. - The side of an uninhabited house, opposite the bandle-cloth market, fell into the river.
Dec. 20.- At a meeting of several respectable gentlemen of this city at the music hall in Tuckey street, it was resolved, that a free debating society should be held every evening at 7 o' clock at said room, every person paying a British sixpence; the profits arising therefrom to be disposed of in charity as the society should think fit; that ladies be admitted to the gallery only, on payment of the same sum. This was a distinct society from that above-mentioned.
The new springing bridge was erected where the old drawbridge was. An act passed, whereby, after reciting that it was impossible for the mayor and sherriffs of Cork to hold a court of record as regularly as same ought to be held for the benefit of the suitors therein, in consequence of their time being engaged with the other duties of their respective offices, the recorder or deputy-recorder of the city, provided he was a barrister, was empowered to hold said court of record in the absence of the mayor and sherriffs, and the mayor, sherriffs, recorder or deputy-recorder as they should happen respectively to be sitting, were empowered to adjourn the court from day to day, or to any day they pleased, for the dispatch of business, this court being held but once a week.
Jan. 11.- A number of men this evening with their faces blackened and armed with hangers, bludgeons, &c, entered the shop of a respectable citizen, a woollen draper, near North bridge, where they behaved in a most riotous and cruel manner, put out the candles, broke his shop windows in pieces, and cut, spolied and carried off large quantities of his goods. No reason could be assigned for this outrage but that he sold English and Dublin goods.
Jan. 13.- White's Munster academy was first opened.
Jan. 15.- Some carts on their way to this city with goods, were attacked near Dublin-hill by a number of misguided people, who by throwing great quantitites of stones, obliged several of the owners who were escorting them to fly and leave the goods to their examination, which, after opening a box or two, they suffered to pass.
Feb. 24.- About three o clock this morning, the house of Thomas Hungerford, esquire, and the king's stores at Glandore, were attacked by a great number of armed men, in order to rescue a cargo of tobacco; they were however beaten off by Mr.Hungerford, assisted by a party from the Thunderbolt cutter. Several of the persons who made the attack were wounded. The poor were reduced to the greatest indigence from the severity of the weather. William Hull, esquire, was appointed lieutenant-governor of Cork, with an additional salary of ten shillings per day, in room of St. John Jeffreys, esquire, who was appointed one of the commisioners of accounts.
March 7.- A man was killed in an affray this night at the height of Newgate, i.c. the upper part of Mallow-lane.
March 8.- One of the centinels at Southgate was knocked down by three desperadoes who, were it not for the noise of passengers approaching, would have thrown him over the bridge, but dread of apprehension made them run off. The evening of the same day, to use the words of the newspaper, was concluded in a most pious and devout manner by the warlike sons and daughters of Fair Lane and Blackpool, who met in a long field near Fair hill and fought with one another till night came on. The females were armed plentifully with stones, and the male combatants according to the Chewkee custom, with tomahawks of a new construction, which were about four feet long, and so dexterously contrived, having a hook and spear at the end, that any who missed grappling were sure to stab with the sharp end.
Mar. 12.- Orders were sent over to Ireland to make a draught of 20 men from each regiment in that kingdom, who were to march with all expedition for Kinsale, to embark for Quebec.
April 1.- Four men destroyed a sloop near the old drawbridge: she had a loom on board of a new construction which had been brought from Dublin. April 5.- The Fair lane and Blarney lane combatants met at Parkmore, according to weekly custom, and after an engagement of some hours, one Kelly received a stab from a tomahawk by which he was instantly killed, and many on both sides were wounded.
May 1.- Two men were killed in a riot between the same people, who renewed the fight after the internment of the deceased men on Sunday the 3d: on the following day they were going to hang a Blackpool man, when he was rescued by the army.
June 4.- Being the king's birthday, the morning was ushered in by the ringing of bells, at noon the army fired three volleys, and the night concluded with bonfires and illuminations.
Mr. James Adair, who had returned a short time before from the warlike English Chickesah nation, a tribe of Indians residing near the river Mississipi, arrived in this city. He was the only trader with that nation then alive, had been 36 years amongst the Indians, and had written essays on the origin, language, religion, &c. of the Indians in general, his business here was in consequence of the following circumstances; being in London a few weeks before he arrived here, he was persuaded by a sharper, who went by the name of captain Redmond Magra, to let him have his manuscripts to shew lord Camden, Mr. Burke, Mr. Wilkes and others, and promised faithfully to deliever them afterwards to a printer for publication; but instead of doing so, he eloped to Dublin and from thence to this city, whither he was pursued by the author, and secured on the 8th of June at his lodgings near the old drawbridge; and the production of many years laborious study was thus recovered by the owner.
June 10.- The 27th and 28th reigments were reviewed at Evergreen by lord Drogheda; on the following day he reviewed the 50th regiment in the same place.
June 27.- Two journeymen coopers were whipt from south to north gaol pursuant to an act passed the previous session of parliament, for refusing to work.
July 1.- The anniversary of the battle of the Boyne was observed here with the usual demonstrations of joy.
July 12.- John Connor, alias Jack the Bachelor, the notorious smuggler, for whose apprehension the government had offered a large reward, was this day seen by some soldiers at an ale house near the Exchange in this city, and would have been taken if the soldiers had been aided by a party of the main-guard, which they applied for, but could not procure without an order from a magistrate; in the meantime the fellow escaped.
Aug.1.- The army in garrison fired three volleys on the Mall, and the day was observed with other demonstrations of joy.
July 6.- A meeting of the citizens was called for the 17th Instant at the Red House walk, to consider of legal methods to free themselves from the payment of the new tax for lamp and watch money.
July 12.- Being the prince of Wales's birthday, the army in garrison fired three volleys on the Mall, and the day was observed with other public demonstrations of joy.
Sept. 29.- Being the anniversary of the surrender of Cork to king William, was observed as a day of rejoicing.
Oct. 5.- In a Cork newspaper of this date appears the following paragraph: - "Several of the inhabitants, who live near the Excahnge, present their most respectful compliments to the new sheriffs, and pray them to remove a most flagrant nuisance from before their doors, that of a breeches market held there every Wednesday and Saturday, to the great annoyance of passengers, and highly indiscreet, as overgrown fellows are frequently fitted with small clothes, in view of the females who pass by.
Oct. 17.- The assizes ended in this city, and proving a maiden one, the sheriffs presented the judge with an elegant pair of white gloves, curiously fringed with gold. The reason for the assizes taking place this month, instead of in August as was usual, was in consequence of the county court-house having been rebuilt during the Summer.
Oct. 23. - The anniversary of the Irish rebellion was observed here in the usual manner.
Oct. 30.- As one Lewis Leary, was returning about eight o clock to his lodgings opposite Shuttle-row, Hammond's-marsh, having missed the little bridge in consequence of the darkness of the night, he fell into the channel and was drowned.
Nov. 5.- The anniversary of the deliverance from the gunpowder plot was observed here with public demonstrations of joy.
Nov. 23. - About two o clock this day the sun was nearly eclipsed by a large cloud from the west, so as to cause nearly a total darkness for about two minutes: some persons in this city imagined they felt a slight shock of an earthquake at the same time.
At this time instances of persons being robbed on the roads adjacent to this city occurred nightly.
Jan. 14.- Five men who had been apprehended a few days before for highway robbery, murder, and other misdemeanors, and had been commited to Mallow bridewell, attempted to escape by taking off their bolts and endeavouring to force their way out; one of them wounded the turnkey with a knife, another struck the bridewell keeper's wife a violent blow with a bolt, yet, notwithstanding, the turnkey with great bravery soon compelled them to suffer themselves to be secured.
Jan. 18.- The prisoners who had endeavoured to escape from the Mallow Bridewell were conducted to this city under a strong escort, accompanied by several justices of the peace, who lodged them safely in the common gaol in this city.
The same day being the queen's birthday, the regiments in garrison fired three volleys on Morrison's island.
Jan. 18.- The prisoners in the city gaol attempted to make their escape by cutting a square out of one of the iron windows; but in striving which should get out first, they were heard by the gaoler and secured.
Jan. 22. - One Walsh, a dairyman, was set upon by five men near the Watercourse in the north suburbs of this city, who cut him and abused him grossly, and robbed him of eleven guineas and a half.
Jan. 29.- A child was found near Peter's church bridge.
Feb 4. - The corporation of the city of Dublin unanimously presented the freedom of their guild to Adam Newman, alderman of Cork, in a silver box, for his spirited conduct as magistrate in protecting the trade and manufactures of Ireland.
8.- Mr. Nixon, the keeper of a hardware shop in this city, having been frequently robbed of valuable articles, detected the thief by means of a gin rat-trap, which he placed under a glass case, with a pair of buckles as a bait. The thief paying him a visit as usual was caught fast by the fingers in the trap, on which he was secured, committed to gaol, and this day convicted of the crime, and sentenced to be whipped three market days.
23.- On this and the previous day there was a violent storm at S.W. which blew down some chimneys and damaged several houses. About one o clock at noon a great part of a wall 20 feet high, on the right hand side of the Sunday;s well road was blown down from the foundation, and with the force of the fall the opposite wall was broken.
28.- Some evil minded persons broke almost every lamp outside South gate. May 1.- The boat of a Norway vessel was overset by a squall of wind in lough Mahon (that part of Cork harbour below Blackrock), and two sailors were drowned.
An affray took place between a townsman and a soldier, when the former cut off the soldier's nose, and on being pursued the following day, threw himself out of a window, by which his leg and arm were broken.
June 2.- The 34th and 40th regiments of foot were reviewed in a large field near the lough, as also the 35th regiment of foot at the Red-house walk by general Pierson.
June 4.- Being the king's birthday, was observed here with the usual demonstrations of joy.
25.- John and James St. Clare of Blarney, factors, were committed to the county gaol by Robert Gordon, the one for embezzling twenty-one hanks of purged yarn, and the other for interrupting Mr. Gordon in the execution of his office, by heading a large party of weaver's boys, and a possee of idlers who were repeatedly desired to disperse, but in vain. James St. Clare presented a large musket heavily loaded with slugs at Mr. Gordon, who, though unarmed, very resolutely and judiciously found means to close on him and take him prisoner, and with the assistance of an old faithful soldier who was watchman of the bleach-green, he conveyed both the delinquents, amidst the clamorous uproar of hundreds, to Monard, from which place an escort of the military conveyed them to Cork.
June 26.- This night at about eleven o clock, the watchman in charge of the north square was attacked by several villains, armed with knives and sticks, who knocked him down and cut him desperately.
July 1.- In commemoration of this day, the Boyne society assembled at the Tholsel, attended by an elegant band of music, from which they proceeded in regular order to Christ church.
Aug. 14.- About one o clock this morning a fire broke out among some thatched houses on the Evergreen road, five of which were consumed. Sept. 30.- For several nights a strong party of the military did duty at the city gaol, in consequence of a report having been circulated that two women who had been sentenced to be hanged and burnt for the murder of a butcher in a Fair-lane riot, intended to make their escape, assisted by the Fair-lane mob, which it was said, intended to make an attack on the gaol for that purpose.
Dec. 16. - For the last two nights there were the highest tides known for several years, with heavy rain and high winds. The water was several feet high in most of the houses on the marshes, and some of the streets were impassable.
Feb. 12.- Early this morning Mr. Daniel M'Carthy, sub-sheriff of the county of Cork, and a party of the 28th regiment, commanded by Mr. King, attacked the fortification and entrenchments of Pratt and his forces at Kilrush, who were lodged in the county gaol on the 13th.
Feb. 26.- A party of gentlemen, among whom was the rev. Emanuel Moore, pursued a number of persons this night, who had forcibly carried off a young woman in the neighbourhood of Clonakilty. Several shots were fired on both sides, by which an old woman, who was in the house where the pursued had taken shelter, and the reverend Mr. Moore, were killed.
March 13.- About fifty lamps were broken this night in Blarney-lane, in consequence of their not having been lighted.
Simon Sullivan, a Roman Catholic, being convicted of carrying arms, was sentenced to be imprisoned for twelve months and fined £50.
May 7.- A chimney near Skiddy's castle (obsolete, then the city magazine, was sit. at northern end of the North Main St.) took fire, but providentially the flames were prevented from communicating to the magazine, otherwise the city might have been reduced to a heap of ruins.
May 23.- The 28th and 34th reigments were reviewed at the camp-field ( Camp Field, Old Youghal Road, close to the former Victoria, now Collins Barracks) by the right honorable lord Balyney. The day was very wet. May 30.- A deserter who was confined in the city gaol for burglary, broke out and made his escape.
June 17.- The society for the relief and discharge of persons confined for small debts, was founded by Henry Sheares, esq.
June 26.- A man was comitted to North gaol (obsolete, was over the North Gate Bridge, also known as the City Gaol. The Gaol at the other end of town, over the South Gate Bridge, was for the County), under the provisions of an act to prevent chalking, which had been passed but a few days before, for cutting a man in Fair-lane.
July 1.- Being the anniverary of the Boyne, in the morning the bells rang incessantly, and at noon the members of the Boyne society walked in their uniforms to Christ-church, from whence they returned to the council-chamber where an elegant entertainment was provided. The evening concluded with bonfires and other marks of festivity.
July 3.- During the interment of a corpse in St. Fin Barry's churchyard (St. Finbarr's COI Cathedral), a young woman, decently dressed, was detected picking a gentleman's pocket which he soon discovered, and on examining her, found no less than seven handkerchiefs upon her, which were restored to the owners. The populace afterwards set the culprit in the stocks, where they threw several things at her, till it was thought she received sufficient punishment for such practices.
July 31.- (Here, Tucky relates how one Dorney, an opulent farmer near Carriagaline, murdered his three young daughters. The details are too gruesome for a Sunday morning so I have decided to leave them out. Dorney died before he could be hung.)
Nov. 4.- Being the anniversary of the birth of King William the III, and the following day that of the gunpowder plot, both were observed with the usual demonstrations of joy.
Nov. 23.- One Daniel Carty, who had been confined in the city gaol for felony, contrived to escape through the north window over the arch, by cutting the window bars, and letting himself down by a rope. The centinel, in the hurry and confusion, seized an innocent person whom he took for the felon, and in in the mean time the other escaped.
Dec. 28.- (Another gruesome murder this morning. Tucky relates how one Richard Cashman, a butcher of Ballymacoda, near Castlemartyr, murdered his wife. Afterwards, Cashman killed himself.)
Jan. 21.- Between six and seven o clock this even as James St John Jeffreys of Blarney was riding in his post chaise on the South Mall, the horses, in consequence of some mismanagement of the postillion, and the parapet wall being in a ruinous condition, drove into the river at high water. The coachman, who rode after the carriage, observing the danger of his master, immediately jumped into the river, broke open the carriage window, took out Mr. Jeffreys, and swam safe with him to shore, and afterwards went to the assistance of the postillion, whom he was also instrumental in saving: the horse was however drowned.
June 25.- During a violent storm at SW which did considerable damage, a large breach was made in the road to Sunday's-well by part of the roack giving way. Providentially no persons were passing at the time, otherwise they would have been flung down an immense precipice and dashed to pieces.
Feb 26.- A soldier, one of the drafts lately arrived here, was set upon by some inhuman blood-thistry persons, who stabbed him in several parts of his body as he was passing quietly through the Main-street.
March 2.- The public was cautioned in a Cork paper, to be careful in passing at night from Broad-lane to Fishamble-lane through Cross-street, as the slip near the little bridge was quite out of repair, and several persons within the last few nights had fallen into the river, owing to its ruinous state.
Two puncheons of rum were seized by Mr. Cramer, jun. at Oyster-haven from smugglers, who at first beat him off with stones. He went however to the fort at Kinsale, where he obtained a party of the army, returned to the smugglers whom he surprised at the Old-head, and brought the rum to tthe custom house of Kinsale.
18 cwt of leaf tobacco was seized by Mr. Potter and his men near Enniskean, when a great mob arose and stoned him and his party in so violent a manner as obliged him in his own defence to fire upon them, by which two of the smugglers were killed and another was dangerously wounded; upon this the smugglers desisted, and the tobacco was brought off and lodged in the custom house of Kinsale.
May 20.- Between twelve and one o clock this night John and David Nagle, of Fair-lane, and the wife of the latter, attacked Daniel Sullivan, a butcher, who lived in the same house with them, and so barbarously cut and mangled him that he died on the spot.
A woman died near Clonakilty, aged 115 years, who, two days before her decease, spun 12 hanks of linen thread.
June 4.- Being the king's birth day, the same was observed by ringing of bells, and the following day the 11th and 62nd regiments of foot were drawn up on the Mall, when they fired three volleys in honor of the same, the former day having been Sunday.
June 4.- Prayers were offered in all the churches for rain.
June 6.- A fire broke out this night in a house on Fair-lane, which burnt with great violence for some hours, whereby between 20 and 30 cabins were consumed.
July 1.- Being the anniversary of the battle of the Boyne, the members of the Boyne Society walked in procession to Christ church, after which they returned to the council chamber, where a plentiful entertainment was provided for them.
Aug 12.- Being the anniversary of the Prince of Wales's birth-day, the regiments in garrison here were drawn out on the Mall and fired three volleys each, in honor of same.
Aug 21.- A soldier of the 11th regiment belonging to the main-guard, was found in coirt-lane with the sinews of his right leg cut, by which he was maimed in a manner shocking to humanity: it was found afterwards that he committed this horrid deed on himself with a razor, with a view to get out of the regiment, and be considered worthy of a pension.
Sept 26.- A great number of armed villains at Watergrasshill, burned a large quantity of blankets, which were intended for the troops about to go to America.
Oct. 23.- Being the anniversary of the Irish rebellion, the mayor, sheriffs, with the city regalia, went in their formalities to Christ church, The evening concluded with ringing of bells, bonfires, &c.
Oct. 25.- Being the anniversary of his majesty's accession to the throne, the army in garrison fired three volleys in honor of the day.
Nov.11.- A number of villains attacked the house of a Mr. Fowey at Glanmire, and forcibly entered the same. They then with the greatest barbarity put him and his wife on the fire to confess where their money lay, which happening to be but a few guineas, they bought a horse, which they had stolen, to the door, and yoked him to a car, which they loaded with beds, chairs, tables &c. and carried off in triumph.
Dec. - A second door was built to the South gaol, in order to seperate the debtors from the criminals.
Dec. 10. - Major general Robert Cunningham, arrived in town to succeed the late lord Blayney, as major general of this province, his lordship having died in this city on the 13th of November.
Dec. 16. - A woman fell over the quay at the end of Skiddy's castle lane, but by timely assistance was saved.
Dec. 22.- About seven o clock this night the marquis of Rockingham transport, from Portsmouth, with three companies of the 32d regiment and their baggage on board, besides women and children, was in a heavy gale of wind driven into Robert's cove, and at three the following morning was dashed to pieces on the rocks, and every soul on board perished, except three officers and about thirty privates and two of the crew.. The officers who perished were lieutenant Marsh and ensign Sandiman, besides the wives of lieutenant Marsh and Dr. Barker. The officers saved were captain Glover, lieutenants Booth and Carter, and the doctor's mate. 'Tis impossible to paint the distress of the officers and soldiers who were saved, the greatest part of whom being cast on the rocks had their flesh torn in a shocking manner, and instead of receiving the least assistance from the inhabitants, were attacked by a great number of the common people, who carried off every article that could be saved out of the wreck.
Jan. 6.- His majesty's ship Bristol, 5o guns, commanded by Sir Peter Parker, arrived in Cove, as a convoy to the troops bound to America, then under the command of lord Cornwallis
Jan. 18.- The house of Miss Mary Kennedy, in Mallow-lane, was broken into by four persons armed, who forcibly took her out of bed, and carried her off, with intent, as it was supposed, to marry her to one of the party.
Jan. 18.- A ship arrived in Kinsale from Boston, with the corps of officers of the 59th regiment, whose number had exceeded their rank and file, which latter were drafted into other regiments, and the officers were sent to recruit their full compliment in England.
Jan. 25.- A boat coming from one of the transport at Cove, was overset in a gale of wind, by which three soldiers, three women, and some boatmen were drowned.
Jan. 31.- The Dublin post which should have arrived the 20th, did not come in till one o clock this day, on account of the great fall of snow which rendered the road almost impassable.
Jan. 31.- All the vessels in this harbour of 150 tons and upwards that could be procured, were taken up as transports for the service of government.
In consequence of a practice of persons firing at sea-gulls on Sullivan's-quay and Morrison's-island, four persons walking on the South Mall were wounded, and many windows were broken.
May 4.- Nathaniel Whitmore, a soldier of the 11th regiment, was executed at Gallows-green (was sited at the city end of the Pouladuff Rd, opposite Green St, site of the present-day Lough Community Centre), pursuant to his sentence, for the murder of John Hawkins a corporal in said regiment, by stabbing him with his bayonet. His coffin, which was handsomely ornamented, was carried before him with napkins by four young men, and a number of the Blue Coat Hospital (St.Stephen's Charity School for Protestant Boys, SE city) boys attended, who sang as he went to execution. When he came to the fatal tree, he ascended the ladder with great serenity of mind, declared that he was so intoxicated with liquor when he had committed the murder, that he was insensible of his crime; he gave out several psalms, and joined in singing with a numerous concourse, who attended until it was time to make atonement for the blood he had shed. When he had hung thirty-five minutes he was cut down, and his head severed from his body, which were both delivered to his friends for internment. He was a young man of about 23 years old, of the middle size, and of remarkably good character.
June 4.- Being the king's birth-day, the 19th regiment fired three volleys on the Mall.
June 10.- A woman who had been on board an East Indiaman then in this harbour, refusing to be searched by the revenue officers, was carried on board the quarintine vessel that lay near them, where she was obliged to strip to her shift, inside which she had a piece of handkerchiefs, which were immediately seized, to the poor woman's mortification, it being her all. Decency caused some persons present to direct that she should be accomodated with a private place to put on her clothes, in consequence of which she was ordered into the cabin, in which was a locker, where the different seizures, consisting of muslins, silks, &c. of considerable value, had been deposited; the key having remained in the locker, she closed the door, and helped herself plentifully with the seizures, which she packed up in quantities, by way of reprisal, and left the ship.
July 27. - His excellency the lord lieutenant came by water from Drumanagh in the county of Waterford, the seat of lord Villiers, and landed at Youghal, from which he went to Castlemartyr, the seat of the earl of Shannon, where he dined on the 28th, and on the following day at Rostellan, the seat of the earl of Inchiquin. On the same day the mayor, sheriffs, and town clerk of this city waited on his excellency to invite him in the name of the corporation to this city, which his excellency politely declined.
Aug.- At this time the small pox was very fatal in Cork. Wandesford's bridge was begun to be built: Mr. Samuel Hobbs, master builder, superintended this work, and completely carried it into execution.
Sept 30.- This evening a child fell into the river from the waste ground, opposite the main-guard, but providentally was soon taken up.
Oct.28.- This night between 11 and 12 o clock, four malicious villains came into the Main street up Boland's lane, one of whom fired a musket loaded with shot, at the centinel on duty at the main-guard.
Nov. 4.- Being the anniversary of the birth of King William the III, the morning was ushered in with ringing of bells; at noon the 19th regiemnt was drawn out, and fired three volleys; and the evening concluded with every demonstration of joy.
Dec. 13.- The public fast, which had been ordered by government for the recovery of his majesty, was observed here. The mayor, sheriffs, recorder, and town clerk, in their fur gowns, attended by a great number of the army and a vast concourse of the most respectable citizens, walked in procession to Christ church, proceeded by the sword bearer, water bailiff, serjeants at mace, city constables, &c. The church was very much crowded, as were all the other churches in the city. The greatest good order and regularity was observed throughout the whole city, and the no shops were opened for the day, not labour carried on.
Jan. 1.- The house of Industry was opned, when 16 beggars were taken in, most of whom entered voluntarily.
Feb. 2.- Between three and four o clock this morning, a chimney took fire in Brown's lane, within nine houses of the magazine: it burned furiously for upwards of two hours; the blaze could be seen four feet above the chimney.
18.- Richard Townsend, John Townsend, Samuel Jervois and Daniel Callaghan, magistrates, with several gentlemen of the county and their servants, well mounted and armed, set out at two o clock in the morning to the mountains above Bantry, in the neighbourhood of Murdering glin and Glanunbannoul, where they apprehended several persons, charged with cutting off the ears of a horse. (Sounds like a reference to Whiteboys)
March 25.- This day was tried at the Guild-hall before a special jury, a record, on a writ of mandamus (have we a lawyer on the List?!) directed to the mayor, sheriffs, and common council of this city, to admit Richard Fitton, eldest son of Mr. Burgess Fitton, to the freedom of this city, he claiming to be entitled during the life of his father; when after a hearing of nine hours, the jury brought in a verdict for Fitton, with £5 damages and costs of suit, by which it was determined that every eldest son of a freeman is entitled to be admitted free of this city, upon his attaining the age of twenty one years. It was supposed if he had lived, he would have established a similar right in younger sons.
April.- Mr. Sergeant Carleton presided in the county court in the room of Baron Power, who was taken ill with the gout after his arrival in Cork.
May.- A great number of precious stones were dug up in a limestone quarry on the Blackrock road; some amethysts were likewise found. The populace resorted there in such numbers to profit by the discovery, that the proprietor was obliged to procure a military armed guard to prevent their depredations.
April 5. - This day one Connell was whipped for begging after having been discharged on bail.
June 1.- Being the King's birth-day, was kept in the usual manner.