Updated 2 Nov 1999
Transcribed from public records by Anita and posted to Genexchange County Cork mailing list and used here with her kind permission.
In the county of Cork, formerly called Ballymartyr, and Leper's-town, is a small market town, one hundred and eighteen miles and a half south east of Dublin Castle, and is chiefly noted as being the residence of the Earl of Shannon, who has a noble seat here.
It was a borough previous to the union, and gave the title of Baron to the branch of the noble family of Boyle. Here is a charter school for forty children, liberally endowed by the Earl of Shannon, in 1749.
There is also a handsome church and almshouse: a spinning school has been established, for the encouragement of the linen manufacture. This place was formerly the residence of a branch of the Fitzgeralds; it was incorporated in the year 1663, through the influence of the first Earl of Orrery.
The market is held on Saturday; and fairs on the 2nd of October and the second of May.
**Post Office**- Post Master, Mr. James Taylor. The Mail from Dublin arrives via Waterford at seven in the evening, and is despatched at seven in the morning. The Mail from Cork arrives at seven in the morning and returns at seven in the evening.
**Nobility, Gentry and Clergy**
The Earl of Shannon
Courtney, George, esq. (Dromada)
Davis, Richard, esq. (Killeagh)
Davis, William, esq. (Killeagh)
Delacour, Robert, esq.
Fitzgerald, Colonel, R.U. (Lisquinlan)
Garde, Charles, esq. (Ballydinees)
Johnston, James B. esq. (Killeagh)
Kennagh, Henry, esq.
Kennagh, William, esq.
Lewis, John, esq., agen to the Earl of Shannon
Mackay, Edmund, esq.
Row, Captain James P.J.P.
Smith, Rev. George, Rector
Umiake, Crofton, esq. (Ballyare)
Umiake, Jas., senr, esq. (Castle-town)
Umiake, Jas., junr., esq (Castle-town)
**Merchants, Tradesmen &c.**
Aime, Thomas Lawton, physician
Garde, Henry, physician (Knockayne)
Leahy, Maurice, academy
Murphy, J. , academy
Barry, Michael, Three Tuns Inn
**Shopkeepers, Traders, &c.**
Abernathy, Misses, grocers & linen drapers
Barry, Jn., baker, grocer, & linen draper
Barry, Wm., tobacco & snuff maker
Cronan, Daniel, tallow chandler
Day, Fanny, grocer
Duggan, Mary, grocer
Griffen, James, grocer & oilman
Hannan, John, boot & shoe maker
Hudson, Henry, parish clerk
Kenah, Hy., iron & timber merchant
Taylor, James, nursery & seedsman
CORK, The Royal Mail every evening at seven from the Three Tuns Inn, through Middleton, and returns every morning at seven.
WATERFORD, the Royal Mail every morning at seven from the Three Tuns Inn, through Youghal, Tallagh, Lismore, Cappoquin, and Dungarvan, and returns every evening at seven.
CORK, the Diligence every Monday, Wednesday and Friday morning at half past eleven from the Three Tuns Inn, through Middleton, and returns on Sundays, Tuesdays and Thursdays at half past one in the afternoon.