The Fenian Brotherhood
Welcome to a website dedicated to history and actions of the Fenian Brotherhood (1856-1880)
and the Clan na Gael (1867-Present) in the United States covering the period between 1856 and 1880
This is the Home Page of Fenians-L
A discussion group for the history of the Fenian Brotherhood and Irish American Nationalism in the nineteenth century
"Never Retreat From Clashing Spears"
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If you wish to join Fenians-L
Pictures of Gaven Duffy, Michael Doheny and William Smith-O´Brien
For a brief history of the Fenian Movement
Picture and Short Biography of
James W Fitzgerald, Cincinnati Fenian, Police Court Judge, and member of the Clan-na-Gael
The Death of John O'Mahony
Head Centre of the Fenian Brotherhood
transcribed from the Irish-American newspaper of February 17, 1877
The Funeral Cortege of John O'Mahony
transcribed from the Irish-American newpaper of Februay 24, 1877
for interesting and well-researched articles on John O'Mahony and the Fenian Movement one might read Brian Sayers' various publications listed in
~A Personal List of Sources ~ for which see below.
To Read about General John O'Neill's raid into Manitoba October 5, 1871
General O'Neill's Last Hurrah
by Michael Ruddy
General John O'Neill
Irish Rebel and Fenian Soldier
A New Perspective
by Tom Fox
Tom's original manuscript was posted here four years ago on this website.
Tom is now readying the book for publication and I have pulled the manuscript.
Tom's book will include revisions and new research.
When published it will be noted here.
The Obituary of P. J. Meehan
article from John Devoy's Gaelic American January 13, 1906
with insights into the Senate split.
To read the entire process of the
The 1870 Negotiations between the Senate Wing and the Savage Wing
In August of 1870 in Cincinnati, Ohio the Senate Wing of the Fenian Brotherhood and a group, the Irish National Brotherhood, probably the Clan Na Gael, held an Irish National Congress attempting to unite the two Fenian factions. The Congress called its new organization consisting of the Irish National Brotherhood, several breakaway Circles of the Savage Wing and the Senate Wing in total, except for General John O'Neill's small Senate breakaway group called the United Fenian Brotherhood. The negotiations went on for several days and came to naught when the Savage Wing would not accede to the demand of the Cincinnati Senate men that no man who had held an important position in any faction could be on the ruling council proposed for the unified directory. The Irish American Senate Wing newspaper in New York printed the entire process of proposals and responses which makes for fascinating reading for Fenian historians.
THE IRISH DIASPORA
IMMIGRANTS and EXILES
Irish immigration began in the early sixteen hundreds -- remember Patricia Mullins? Here is a short article on Immigration before the Revolution and the Exile period after Young Ireland and the Famine.
To read Mike Ruddy's
MUSINGS ON THE ORIGINS OF THE
Some members of the Clan na Gael from research documents
The Minutes of Camp D7
the "Wolfe Tone Club"
Covering the period 1920-1926
The hyperlink in the box below open a PDF file
Found among the papers of George Sweeny S.G.
WOLFE TONE CLUB
The D10 Camp minutes and the Ritual Book owe their existance here to Andy Sweeny whose great grandfather was at various times Senior Guardian, Recording Secretary and District Officer for Ohio out of Cincinnati Clan na Gael Camp D10 publically known as the Wolfe Tone Club. Andy graciously let me publish this information of both historical and genealogical interest.
Philip and Marie Fennell's interesting and eclectic website concerning the
Clan-na-Gael's "Catalpa" mission and its Myths
Alas, the gifted author and Catalpa Authority
passed away April 2008 and the website is no longer to be found.
Philip edited a well-footnoted edition of John Devoy's
Gaelic American articles on the Catalpa Rescue:
John Devoy's Catalpa Expedition
also see Philip's article in
New Hibernia Review
Volume 9, #1 Spring 2005, pp 77-94
History into Myth: The Catalpa's Long Voyage
For anyone interested in the Clan na Gael or the
Catalpa voyage these are essential resources.
~ For A Personal List of Sources ~
"HERE COMES THE DAMN GREEN FLAG AGAIN"*
Fenians and the American Civil War
by Michael Ruddy
*Posted with permission of the Civil War Times
The documents listed below are posted by permission of the Catholic University of America
and may not be reproduced in any form prior to acquiring their consent.
American Catholic History Research Center and University Archives
From Documents in Box 6 of
Brotherhood Records and Personal Papers of O'Donovan Rossa
For a list of the delegates to the September 4, 1877
United Brotherhood (Clan Na Gael) Convention
Held in Cleveland, Ohio
For a 1901 newspaper report of
Jeremiah O'Donovan-Rossa's speech in Chicago
The Minutes of
Jeremiah O'Donovan Rossa'S
The United Irishmen Convention
June- July 1880
For a history of Fenianism according to Jeremiah O'Donovan Rossa:
THE FENIAN MOVEMENT
An Account of its Origin, Progress
and Temporary Collapse.
By Jeremiah O'Donovan Rossa
THESE ARTICLES ARE A TRANSCRIPTION OF A SERIES OF ARTICLES IN THE BROOKLYN EAGLE
As presented online by the Brooklyn Public Library
Please see their website for restrictions on usage
For a Complete transcription of
The 1863 Fenian Convention in Chicago
Minutes, Resolutions, Constitution, and By Laws
(Caution for those on Dial-Up internet: This is a large document)
For pictures of....
A FENIAN DANCE CARD New Jersey 1866
A FENIAN COIN of 1866
CDV of JOHN O'MAHONY in 99th NYV Uniform c.1865
THE FENIANS DRIVEN BACK AT RICHARD'S FARM (A Tobacco Lid)
A FENIAN MEMBERSHIP CARD from the Alexandria, VA Circle
FENIAN HEROES AND MARTYRS
[Medallion struck by Fenian Brotherhood in 1866]
by John Savage
For a brief time President of the Fenian Brotherhood.
The Sections I am presenting below of Savage's Fenian Heroes and Martyrs were done with Optical Character Recognition (OCR) software from an old dissembled copy. This software exhibits varying degrees of errors (85-95% accurate in most cases) depending on what is scanned and read by the software (in my case, I use OmniPro 15) so caution must be used when quoting or copying what I have done for historical research purposes, since there may be typos or incorrect words.
Although I do perform checks to see if everything appears correct, it is probable there are some errors. If such are found I would be happy to correct them just notify me at firstname.lastname@example.org. Scholars should refer to the original text of the book or contact me and I will verify accuracy of the OCR text.
Not all chapters in the book have been transcribed, only those which I had a specific interest in transcribing. In reading the introduction if a chapter which is not transcribed interests you, contact me and I will include it here.
Click on Sections below: