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Will of John Matson

of Wingham, Kent


Source: Consistory Court of Canterbury PRC32/61/613
Submitted by Veronica Nops
In the name of God Amen I John Matson of the Parish of Wingham in the County of Kent being in good health and body and a sound and perfect mind and memory praised be Almighty God for the same I do make and declare this to be my last Will and Testament in writing in manner following that is to say first and principally I recommend my Soul into the hands of Almighty God my Creator hoping through the merits, Death and Passion of my Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ to have full and free pardon and forgiveness of all my sins and to inherit everlasting life and my body I commit to the earth to be decently buried in the Chancell of Sybertswould Church or in the grave of my Dear son James Matson deceased and at the discretion of my executors and trustees herein after mentioned and as for touching the disposition of all my Real and Temporal Estate that it hath pleased Almighty God to bestow upon me I do hereby give and dispose of them as follows.

First my will is that all my Debt and funeral charges be paid.
Also I give and bequeath unto my beloved son John Matson and his heirs forever my house and Orchard thereunto belonging and lying in the Parish of Sybertswould in the said County and now in the occupation of Peter White.
Also I give and bequeath unto him the sum of fifty pounds of lawfull money of Great Britain to be paid unto him by my Executor and Trustees as I shall hereafter order.
Also I give unto him the Silver Tankard that was my father Goldfinches.

Also I give and bequeath unto my beloved son Robert Matson and his heirs forever that four acres of land lying in the said parish and County and lying near Upton Wood between my Sister Merewether's piece of land called Cardrove and that piece of land formerly belonging to Mr. Burk of Dover and now in the occupation of James Dixon.
Also I give and bequeath unto him the sum of forty pounds of like money to be paid unto him by my Executor and Trustees as I shall hereinafter order.

Also I give and bequeath unto my beloved son Charles Matson and his heirs forever that four acres of land in the said Parish and County called Down Close towards Eithorn aside Sybertswould Down and between Sir Robert Furnesses Land, my Sister Merewether's Land and joining to Back Lane and now in the occupation of Richard Dixon by lease.
Also I give and bequeath unto him the sum of three hundred and sixty pounds of like money to paid unto him by my Executor and Trustees as I shall herein after order.

Also I give and bequeath unto my beloved son Thomas Matson the sum of four hundred pounds of like money to be paid unto him by my Executor and Trustees as I shall hereafter order.
Also I give and bequeath unto my beloved daughter Ann wife of James Smith the sum of fifty pounds of like money to be paid unto her by my Executor and Trustees as I shall hereinafter order.
Also I give and bequeath unto my beloved daughter Mary wife of Samuel Dell the sum of fifty pounds of like money to be paid unto her by my Executor and Trustees as I shall hereinafter order.
Also I give and bequeath to my beloved daughter Susanna Matson the sum of two hundred pounds of like money to be paid unto her by my Executor and Trustees.
Also I give and bequeath unto my beloved daughter Dorothy Matson the sum five hundred pounds of like money to be paid unto her by my Executor and Trustees as I shall hereinafter order.
Also I give unto my beloved wife Ann the sum of three hundred pounds of like money to be at her disposing.
Also I give unto the poor of the Parish of Wingham fifty shillings to be paid at my death.

All which said sums, I do hereby direct and appoint shall be respectively paid unto them by my Executor and Trustees as follows.

Those that are now married of my children and what I have here given them now in this my last Will shall be paid them at the discretion of my Executor and Trustees as money can be spared but not exceeding seven years to none of them after my decease but those that are unmarried of my children and have had nothing of this my last will shall be paid likewise at the discretion of my Executor and Trustees and as I have done to these that are married to a son three hundred pounds, to a daughter one hundred and fifty pounds whenever they marry or if not married my will is they shall have their portion at Eight and Twenty years of age. I no way doubt but they will all be paid to content and sooner than I have here directed if wanted and money can be spared and convenient and my further Will and meaning is for reasons I shall leave in a paper with this my Will that as I have here given in this my Will to a son as with more as to a daughter so if my Estate that it hath pleased my God to bless me with fall short of what I have here given to all my children then my Will and Order is that every son shall abate as much more as a daughter of what I have here given then and likewise if any Estate amount to more than I have here given away in this my Will then my Will and Order is that every son shall have as much more of that as a daughter.

So I desire that there may be four able men these to make an appraisement just as they can that my Executor and Trustees may cast up my accounts that my children may know what I were worth for all my Will and meaning that whatsoever it be more or less I will and give every son as much more as a daughter. At last my Daughter Smith (sic in Origli) I give their Mother part and my further will and meaning is that I shall leave in a paper with this my Will a true account of what I have given to any of my children so that account will be direct you what is paid and what is due to everyone to make up that sum I judge of four hundred pounds to every son and two hundred pounds to every daughter and over or under that sum you must do as afore directed and if I should let any of my sons or daughters that are married now or not married now have any money after the Date of this my Will as the paper will direct you or their Note or my Book show, it must be brought to their amount. So I hope you will know all my Meaning of this my Will and I think this to be my last Will and perpetual Will if my good God should spare my Life for many years to come and I shall here leave blanks for? Executors and Trustees if in case these dye before me or my mind after to scratch out these and put in others.

As for my farm and Marshland I cannot well determine how that shall be or have it knowing not what alterations maybe in my family after the Date of this my Will. This I must leave thrifly to my Executor and Trustees to order or as I shall advise in my said paper but this my will and order is that if my son Charles Matson or my son Thomas Matson marry foolishly and without the consent of my Executor and Trustees that they shall not have and enjoy or use the whole or any part of my farm or Marshland neither if they do not please their mother to have no share in it and grow bad

and I do here nominate these and appoint to be my Executor Ann my beloved wife and my brother William Wood and my son Michael Wood Trustees and Overseers of this my last will and testament to direct, order and assist my Executor that all my Will and Testament maybe justly fulfilled.
In Witness whereof I the said John Matson to this my last Will and Testament have here to set my hand and seal this 6th day of June 1729. John Matson Signed and Sealed in the presence of
Sarah Meriwether, Mary Pettit, David Campreden

Whereas in my will dated 6th day of June 1729 I have given unto my beloved daughter Ann wife of James Smith fifty pounds or according to my Will be it more or less as it is therein expressed and she being dead I do hereby revoke that and I do here give and bequeath that fifty pounds be it more or less and as it expressed in my will unto my six grandaughters of my said daughter, Mary Smith, Elizabeth Smith, Ann Smith, Susanna Smith, Hester Smith and Sarah Smith or they of them that are living at my death to be equally divided among them my said daughters and further whereas all my children that are now living John Matson Robert Matson Charles Matson, Thomas Matson, Mary wife of Samuel Dell, Elizabeth wife of Michael Wood, Susanna wife of Paul Kirby, Dorothy Matson these my four sons and four daughters and their husbands have made an agreement and promise everyone of them if they outlive our cousin Christopher Matson and him survive that whatsoever part or benefit that they shall gain or receive by their Sister Smith's Death of the Dover Estate according to our cousen Henry Matson's Will deceased that they will give that said benefit to her six daughters or they of them then living

and further all my said sons and daughters have likewise promised and agreed to that if it be God Almighty's Will that if any more of these my said sons and daughters should dye before my said cousen Christopher Matson and leave behind them any child or children that whatsoever part and benefit that they gain and receive by any such a one's death of the Dover Estate according to our cousin Henry Matson's will deceased that they will give that said benefit and gain unto their child or children so left behind of the deceased so as they do and have promised to do unto their Sister Smith's daughters. In short their meaning and promises is that they that live will be no gainer or looser by their Sister Smith's death, nor that if any other of my said children should so dye as aforesaid but to give their said Benefit and Gain to their child or children of the deceased so left behind as aforesaid.

And to make and bind and all my sons and daughters and every of them to stand to the agreement and promise that they have made as above mentioned If they or any of them or any of the husbands of my said daughters will not stand to this agreement and promises that they have made as aforesaid then my Will is that I do hereby revoke and forbid my Executor and Trustees for ever to pay unto any such a one of my children that will not stand to the promises aforesaid fifty pounds short of what I had given them in my Will. Then my will is all the fifty pounds so stopt I do give and bequeath unto the children of my deceased children left behind as aforesaid. I have no doubt difference will arise about what I have here wrote and they are very good in so doing and much oblige me in it.

And further my will is if Cousen Christopher Matson should out last me and give the time or Age I have mentioned in my said Will of paying any money to any one of my said children and such a one should demand what I have given them in my Will and will not stand to their promises aforesaid then I do revoke that time of payment to any such a one and I do order my Executor and Trustees to stop the payment of fifty pounds to such a one till they fulfill their promises aforesaid unless such a one give Bond to my Executor and Trustees of one hundred pounds to bind themselves to fulfill the same.

And my Will is that as my daughter Susanna wife of Paul Kirby received by her husband one hundred and fifty pounds part of what I have given her in my Will as the paper I mentioned in my Will shows and likewise a Bond of fifty pounds payable at one year after my Death so I do hereby revoke and forbid my Executor and Trustees of paying that fifty pounds I mentioned in my Will more to my daughter Susanna Matson or my son Paul Kirby because that fifty pounds I have given them Bond as aforesaid that fifty pound Bond is now made a Debt at my Death. But according to my Will if there be more to be divided than what I have given them in my Will I desire and my will is my said daughter Susanna should have it and if their part be less than what I have given them in my said Will I do order my Wife to give my said daughter Susanna so much less of what she has to dispose of so that all my said daughters shall be made equal. And as I cannot stop the payment of the fifty pounds to my son Paul Kirby or Susanna his wife as I have done to all my said other children so I do hereby revoke fifty pounds short to my Wife of what I have given her in my first Will. And I do hereby order my said Wife to give my said daughter Susanna wife of Paul Kirby fifty pounds short of what I leave her to dispose of among my said Children unless they give Bond to my Wife and Trustees of one hundred pounds to bind them to fulfill the aforesaid promises and as the rest of my children have done.

And further if any children of my daughters' husbands should refuse and will not stand to what they have promised aforesaid then all the fifty pounds I have so revoked (if any) I give unto the children of my said children deceased. But if they all fulfill their promises aforesaid then I revoke nothing to my Wife nor to any of my said children of the fifty pounds I have heretofore mentioned except the fifty pounds I have given my daughter Ann wife of James Smith that I give and bequeath as aforesaid to her six daughters and except the fifty pounds I had given my Daughter Susanna wife of Paul Kirby that I revoke still because I have made it a Debt.

But upon a further consideration I give and bequeath here unto my son John Matson the sum of ten pounds more than what I had given him in my Will which is the same of what I had Desired my Wife to give him in my said paper. So when I have said and done all I can my will and meaning is that my four sons be made equal in their portion except for the ten pounds to my son John Matson as aforesaid and all my four daughters equal in their portion and my Daughter Ann's Daughters to have their mother's portion part equal with my other daughters. And if anymore of my children dye before me and leave child or children behind them my will is that they should have their father or mother's portion or part as if their mother or father had been alive and that a son shall have as much more as a daughter as my Will is so you may all see and know what my Will and Meaning is to have you all stand to the aforesaid promises you have made to me, to Ann's daughters and if anymore should dye and leave child or children before Couzen Christopher dyes. I know you would have all done it without binding you but only to show my carefullness and the Great Value I have for the children of the deceased.

IN WITNESS wherefore the said John Matson have hereto set my hand and seal as this being part of my last Will and Testament this 4th Day of June 1730


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Will of John Matson
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