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Will of Hammerden Major

of Folkestone, Kent


Source: Prerogative Court of Canterbury 1820
Submitted by Rosie Ansell
This is the last will and testament of me Hammerden Major of the town of Folkestone in the County of Kent gentleman. I do hereby revoke all former and other wills by me at time heretofore made. I direct all my just debts to be paid and to be interred at the discretion of my executors hereinafter named.

I do give and bequeath unto my son Thomas Major the sum of fifty pounds of lawful money of Great Britain.
Also I do give and bequeath unto my son David Major the sum three hundred and fifty pounds of like money.
Also I do give and bequeath unto my son Hammerden Major the sum of three hundred pounds of like money.
Also I do give and bequeath unto my daughter Ann Harvey Major the sum of fifty pounds of like money.
Also I do give and bequeath unto my son John Major the sum of fifty pounds of like money
all which said several legacies I direct to be paid by my executors hereinafter named within twelve calendar months next after my decease.

Also I do give and bequeath unto my daughter Mary the wife of James Major the sum of three hundred and fifty pounds of like money.
Also do give and bequeath unto my daughter Elizabeth Major the sum of one hundred and fifty pounds of like money
which said two last mentioned legacies I direct to be paid by my executors to them the said Mary Major and Elizabeth Major respectively within one month next after the decease of my present wife Mary.

Also I do give and bequeath all and singular my household furniture, plate, linen, woollen, china, books and other household effects unto my dear wife Mary to hold the same unto my said wife her executors administrators and assigns to and for her and their own use and benefit

and as to all the rest residue and remainder of my monies, securities for money, wearing apparel, goods, chattels and effects not hereinbefore by me otherwise disposed of I do give and bequeath unto my said wife and her assigns for and during the term of her natural life and from and immediately after her decease I do give and bequeath the same unto and to the use of my said sons and daughters hereinbefore named equally to be divided between and amongst them share and share alike and to their respective executors administrators and assigns.

Also I do give and devise unto my said wife all that my messuage and tenement wherein I now dwell with the garden yard and cartside to the same belonging situate and being in Dover Road in the liberty of Folkestone aforesaid to hold the same unto my said wife her heirs and assigns for ever.

Also I do give and devise unto my said wife and her assigns for and during the term of her natural life all that my messuage or tenement with their appurtenances situate and being in Sea Gate Street in Folkestone aforesaid now in the occupation of my son Thomas Major together with the great yard as now fenced off subject to a four foot way or passage across the said yard leading to the privy there together with the free use of the said privy to and for my said daughter Ann Harvey Major her heirs and assigns and her or their tenants or occupiers of the adjoining messuage or tenement in the occupation of Edward Edwards and hereinafter devised to my said daughter Ann Harvey Major.

And also all that my messuage or tenement with the appurtenances situate and being in Port Street in Folkestone aforesaid now in the occupation of the widow Robinson and also all that my building formerly a stable and now used as a salt house with its park buildings and appurtenances to the same belonging lying and being in Sea Gate Street in Folkestone aforesaid now in the occupation of Stephen Rowe which said two last mentioned messuages Salt House Yard and premises I purchased of and from the heirs of Richard Pay to hold the same unto my said wife and her assigns for and during the term of her natural [life] she and they committing no spoil or waste and keeping the same in tenantable repair
and from and immediately after the decease of my said wife I do give and devise the same two last mentioned messuages subject to the said four foot way and use of the privy aforesaid Salt House Yard and premises unto and to the use of my said daughter Elizabeth Major and to her heirs and assigns for ever.

Also I do give and devise unto my said daughter Mary the wife of the said James Major all that my coach house and arable land and ground to the same belonging situate lying and being (and adjoining the turnpike road leading to Dover) in the liberty of the said town of Folkestone abutting to the said road west and to the premises of Thomas Elgar south and east now in the occupation of Richard Pay to hold the same unto and to the use of my said daughter Mary the wife of the said James Major and to her heirs and assigns for ever.

Also I give and devise unto my said daughter Ann Harvey Major all that my messuage or tenement and premises situate and being in Sea Gate Street aforesaid in Folkestone aforesaid now in the occupation of the said Edward Edwards and which I purchased of and from Christopher Castle together with the said four foot way or passage through the yard belonging to the messuage devised to my said daughter Elizabeth Major leading to the privy there and also the joint use of the said privy and also all that piece or parcel of ground lying and being in Port Street aforesaid in the said Town of Folkestone now also in the occupation of the said Edward Edwards and which I purchased of and from the heirs at law of the said Richard Pay as the same is now fenced off from the yard belonging to the said messuage devised to my said daughter Elizabeth Major and containing sixteen feet and an half from east to west by admeasurement and seventeen feet from north to south next the street both same more or less and also all that one moiety or equal half part or share the whole into two equal parts or shares being considered as divided of and in all that building commonly called the Appollo Room with the boat shop to the same belonging situate lying and being in Radnor Street in Folkestone aforesaid now in the occupation of John Hodges to hold the same unto my said daughter Ann Harvey Major and to her heirs and assigns for ever.

Also I do give and devise unto my said son John Major all that my piece or parcel of meadow or pasture land part whereof is now converted into garden ground containing by estimation one acre and three quarters of an acre more or less with the stable thereon lying and being near Dover Road aforesaid in the liberty of the Town of Folkestone aforesaid now in the occupation of myself and tenants and which I purchased of and from the heirs of Stephen Marsh and also all that other moiety or equal half part thereof and in the said building called the Appollo Room situate in Radnor Street aforesaid to hold the same unto my said son John Major and to his heirs and assigns forever

provided nevertheless and I do hereby expressly declare my will to be and I do hereby direct that the said legacy of three hundred pounds and also the part or share of the residue of my said personal estate so given to my said son Hammerden Major shall be and the same is hereby given to him without prejudice to any sum or sums of money which he stands indebted to me upon any bond bill note or other security and that such bond bill note or other security shall stand and be as effectual against him as if I had not given him any legacy or share of my said personal estate or derived no benefit under this my will and I do hereby authorize direct and empower my executors hereinafter named to deduct and retain out of the said legacy and the said part or share of the residue of my said personal estate so bequeathed to my said son Hammerden as aforesaid all and every such sum and sums of money as he the said Hammerden Major be indebted to me at my decease upon any such security as aforesaid provided

also and I do hereby declare my will further to be that in case any or other of my said sons or daughters shall happen to depart this life in my lifetime or before their respective legacies shall become payable or entitled to the share of the residue of my said personal estate leaving issue of his her of their body or bodies lawfully begotten or to be begotten that I direct and bequeath that legacy or legacies share or shares of the residue of my said personal estate shall go and be paid unto and amongst the respective issue whether sons or daughters of him her or them so dying equally between them share and share alike and to their respective executors adm[inistrat]ors and assigns and that such issue shall … and be entitled to the legacy or legacies and share or shares of my said personal estate that his her or their father or mother or fathers or mothers who have been entitled unto if they were then living

and lastly I hereby do nominate constitute and appoint my said wife my said sons Thomas Major, David Major and John Major and my said daughters Mary the wife of the said James Major, Elizabeth Major and Ann Harvey Major joint executors and executrixes of this my will in witness whereof I the said Hammerden Major the testator have to this my said last will and testament contained in four sheets of paper set and put my hand and seal that is to say my hand to the three preceding sheets my hand and seal to this last sheet and my seal at the top where the said sheets are affixed together this thirtieth day of March in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixteen. Hammerden Major. Signed sealed published and declared by the said testator Hammerden Major as and for his last will and testament in the presence of us who in his presence at his request and in the presence of each other have subscribed our names as witnesses hereto
Edward Journey, atty Hythe, Charles Fagg, Clerk to Dr James Boxer, Folkestone yeoman.

This is a codicil to be added to and taken as part of the last will and testament of Hammerden Major of the town of Folkestone in the County of Kent gentleman bearing date the thirtieth day of March one thousand eight hundred and sixteen
wherein among other things I have given and devised unto my daughter Ann Harvey Major (now the wife of Richard Rouse) and to her heirs and assigns for ever all that one moiety or equal half part or share the whole in two equal parts or shares being considered as divided of and in all that building commonly called the Appollo Room with the boat shop to the same belonging situate lying and being in Radnor Street in Folkestone aforesaid in the occupation of John Hodges
now I do hereby revoke and make void the said gift and devise to my said daughter Ann Harvey Rouse as aforesaid and I do hereby give and devise the said moiety or half part of and in all that the said building called the Appollo Room with the boat shop to the same belonging situate and being in Radnor Street aforesaid unto my beloved wife Mary and to her heirs and assigns for ever

and whereas I have also in and by my said last will bequeathed unto my son Hammerden Major the sum of three hundred pounds now I do hereby also revoke and make void the aforesaid bequest of three hundred pounds unto my said son Hammerden Major and in lieu thereof do give and bequeath unto him the sum of fifty pounds

and whereas I have also in and by my said last will given and devised unto my said wife and her assigns for and during the term of her natural life with remainder as therein mentioned among certain messuages and hereditaments herein particularized a great yard in Sea Gate Street in Folkestone aforesaid as then fenced off subject to a four foot passageway or passage (…away) across the said yard leading to a privy there with the free use of the said privy as in my said will and testament lately occupied by my son Thomas now I do hereby absolutely revoke and make void this devise (so far as relates to the said Great Yard but not otherwise) as I intend the same shall go and be used with the three messuages hereinafter mentioned

and whereas I do hereby also revoke and make void the said devise in my said will made of the piece or parcel of ground lying and being in Port Street in Folkestone aforesaid then in the occupation of Edward Edwards and which I purchased of and from the heirs of Richard Pay containing sixteen feet and an half from east to west and seventeen feet from north to south and do hereby give and devise the same together with the new created messuage or tenement which I have lately created and built thereon now in the occupation of my son in law Richard Rouse and Ann Harvey his wife with the free and joint use of the said great yard and privy in common with the two adjoining messuages in the occupation of Edward Edwards his assigns or undertenants unto my son John Major and to his heirs and assigns for ever

and I do hereby also give and devise order and direct that at all times for ever hereafter the said great yard and privy shall go and be used with not only the said new created messuage hereinbefore mentioned but with the two other messuages or tenements in the occupation of the said Edward Edwards and such privileges to be considered as part and parcel of the said three tenements.

And whereas in and by my said last will and testament I have given unto my son John Major the sum of fifty pounds now in addition thereto I do hereby give and bequeath unto him the sum of three hundred and fifty pounds making together in the whole the sum of four hundred pounds

and whereas in my said writed will I have given unto my son David Major the sum of three hundred and fifty pounds now I do hereby revoke the said bequest and in lieu thereof I do hereby give and bequeath unto him my said son David the sum of two hundred and fifty pounds

and whereas in and by my said writed will I did nominate and appoint my said wife Mary and my sons Thomas Major and John Major, Elizabeth Major, Ann Harvey Major, David Major and Mary the wife of James Major joint executors and executrixes of the same now I do hereby revoke the nomination and appointment of the two last mentioned executor and executrix viz David Major and Mary wife of James Major and I do hereby nominate constitute and appoint my said wife Mary and my sons Thomas Major and John Major, Elizabeth Major and Ann the wife of Richard Rouse executors and executrixes thereof and of this my codicil to be added thereto

and I do hereby ratify and confirm my said will in all and every other respects in witness whereof I have to this codicil contained in two sheets of paper set my hand and seal (to wit) my hand to the preceding sheet hereof my hand and seal to this last sheet of paper and my seal at the top where the said sheets are affixed together this twentieth day of August in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and nineteen. Hammerden Major. Signed sealed published and declared by the said Hammerden Major the testator as a codicil to be added to and taken as part of his last will and testament in the presence of us who in his presence at his request and in the presence of each other have hereunto subscribed our names as witnesses
David Major snr of Folkestone gentleman Susanna Warman servant to Mr Hamn Major Geo Gravener solicitor Dover.

Proved at London with a codicil 29th April 1820 before the Judge by the oaths of Mary Major widow the relict, John Major the son and Elizabeth Major spr and Ann Harvey (in the codicil written Ann) Rouse (wife of Richard Rouse) the daughters the surviving executors named in the codicil to whom admon was granted having been first sworn by comm[issi]on duly to administer.


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Will of Hammerton Major
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