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Will of Edward Leedes

of Benenden, Kent


Source: Archdeaconry Court of Canterbury PRC17/53/f227
Submitted by Everett Leeds
In the name of God Amen the nineteenth day of April in the second year of the reign of our most gracious sovereign Lord James by the grace of God King of England France Ireland defender of the Faith etc and of Scotland the 37th year of his most gracious and happy reign
I Edward Leedes of Benenden in the County of Kent yeoman being sick in body but of good and perfect remembrance thanks be given to Almighty God do make this my present testament and last will in manner following viz, First and principally I give and bequeath unto Almighty God creator and maker my soul that gave it me hoping and assuredly believing to be saved thereby and merits and blessings and death of our Lord and saviour Jesus Christ and my body to the earth.

Item I will and bequeath unto the poor people of the parish of Benenden twenty shillings of lawful English money to be distributed unto the said poor by my executor hereafter named at my burial.
Item I will and bequeath unto every of my godchildren 12d a year to be paid to each of them by my executor within one year next after my decease.

Item I give and bequeath unto Alse Welles the daughter of my daughter Joan now wife of Anthony Welles the sum of ten shillings to be paid unto the said Alse Welles by my executor within Five years next after my decease.

Item I give will and bequeath unto Elizabeth Leedes my daughter the sum of forty pounds of lawful money of England to be paid unto the said Elizabeth Leedes my daughter by my executor when my said daughter shall accomplish and be of the full years of one and twenty years of age and if it shall happen that my executor shall marry before my daughter Elizabeth happen to be of the age of one and twenty years then my very mind is that my executor shall pay over into the hands of Anthony Welles the said sum of forty pounds given to my daughter Elizabeth or else put in such sufficient bonds for the payment of the said forty pounds to my said daughter at her age of one and twenty years as the said Anthony Welles shall think to be sufficient.

All the residue of all my movable goods chattels and cattles whatsoever not before given nor bequeathed I do will and bequeath unto Margaret my wife for bringing up my children in good sort both with meat drink and apparel, whom I do make my sole and whole executrix of this my present testament and last will hoping she will accomplish this my present testament and last will and I have put the confidence in her to do.
And I do desire Anthony Welles my overseer to be aiding and assisting my wife to perform this my present testament and last will.

Concerning the disposing of all my lands tenements and heriditaments in the parish of Benenden in the said County of Kent or elsewhere whatsoever. This is my last will made the day and year aforesaid

First I will that Margaret my wife shall have to her proper use and behoof all that my messuage and lands with all profits and commodities whatsoever for and during the full term of five years next after my decease upon condition that she the said Margaret my wife do maintain all the said tenements and buildings well and sufficiently repaired with all needful reparations and do not commit any wilful or voluntary waste of the said lands or any of them

and after the said five years be expired my very mind and will it is that if Sara Leedes my daughter shall have hold possess and enjoy all that my said tenement messuage buildings and lands with all and singular their appurtanances whatsoever that I do now dwell in to her heirs forever to have hold possess and enjoy the said messuage and lands with all securities and commodities whatsoever to the said Sara Leedes my said daughter and to her heirs for ever in fee simple
provided always and my very mind and will is that if Sara my daughter shall happen to decease and leave this her mortal life before she accomplish the years of one and twenty years of age and without heirs of her body lawfully begotten then my very mind and will is that Joan Welles now the wife of the said Anthony Welles my said daughter shall hold possess and enjoy the said messuage lands and buildings with their apputanances to her the said Joan Welles and her heirs in fee simple forever.

And my very mind is that if the lands happen to come and descend to Joan my daughter then my very mind and will is that Joan Welles or Anthony Welles or either of them or their heirs executors administrators or assigns of either of them shall pay unto my daughter Elizabeth Leedes the sum of four score pounds of good and lawful money of England to be paid unto her within two years next after the death and decease of the said Sara Leedes and if Sara Leedes happen to die and leave this life then I will that the twenty pounds of the forty before given to Elizabeth Leedes shall not be paid to her but remain in the hands of my executrix and she to have but only twenty pounds of my stock.

Item I will and bequeath and I do give unto Joan Welles my said daughter the sum of twenty pounds of lawful English money to be paid unto her or heirs two years next after the death and decease of Margaret my wife by Sara Leedes my daughter and if Sara my daughter do refuse to pay the said twenty pounds then it shall be lawful to the said Joan Welles or her assigns to enter in all my said messuages and lands and to profit of the same until the said sum of twenty pounds be to her paid and satisfied.

Item I give will and bequeath unto Margaret my wife after the term of the said five years the sum of four pounds yearly and every year during the term of her natural life to be paid unto the said Margaret at four usual terms of the year out of my said messuage and lands that I now dwell in viz: at the feast of the announciation of the blessed Mary the Virgin Saint John the Baptist Saint Michael the Archangel and the Nativity of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ and if it should happen the said yearly rents or four parts or any part or parcel of the same to be behind and unpaid by the space of eight days after any of the said feasts it then and at all times after it shall be lawful to and for the said Margaret and to her assigns into my said messuage and tenements and lands and into every part and parcel of the same to enter and thereto distrain and the distress or distresses then and there so had and taken from these lawfully to take lend drive bear and carry away and the same to hold and keep until the said yearly rent of four pounds be unto her fully and wholly satisfied contented and paid together with all damages and expenses by the occasion had and sustained.

Further I do give will and bequeath unto Margaret my wife yearly and every year during the term of her natural life and the profit and fruit that shall come and grow of the four pipping trees and one rysminge tree being a red rysminge and the four other trees to be her choice.
Also I will that my wife shall have the use of the parlour and the chamber over the parlour and one little chamber at the end of the chimney and one small buttery under the stairs that leads to the parlour chamber with free liberty of ingress and regress to the said parlour buttery and chamber during her natural life without let molestation vexation or trouble of any person or persons who or whatever and to have free liberty to fetch water at the sermer to the house and there to wash and dry her linen or other necessaries and a place to lay wood in and to further to have the keeping of one cow yearly and every year during her natural life to be kept in the grounds pertaining to the messuage both summer and winter and she to have the profits of the said cow and to renew the said cow so ought as she shall think meat and corn unto

and finally my mind and will it is that if my wife depart and leave this her mortal life before the five years be expired that which she is to have the profit of my house and lands in this my very mind is that Elizabeth my daughter shall have the rents of my house and lands so many years as my wife shall happen to leave unexpired of the said five years of which my wife should have had if she had lived

and this I finish and end this my present testament and last will made the day and year aforesaid present at the reading and declaring thereof
Edward Marsden - John Sharpe - Edward Fowle


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Will of Edward Leedes
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