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Will of Richard Denne

of Winchelsea, Sussex (ex Kent)


Source: Prerogative Court of Canterbury 1819
Transcribed by Brian Denn
This is the last Will and Testament of me Richard Denne of the ancient town of Winchelsea in the County of Sussex, Esquire made the twenty third day of December in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and eleven

I give to my dear wife Mary Denne the sum of five hundred pounds of lawful money of Great Britain to be paid to her as soon as conveniently may be after my decease to enable her thereby and therewith to provide suitable and proper manner(?) for herself and our children and for her other occasions and necessities.
I give and bequeath unto my said dear wife all her clothes and wearing apparel, jewels, watches, rings, trinkets and other ornaments of her person for her own use. Also I give and bequeath unto her my said dear wife all and singular my household goods and furniture plate plated goods linen china glass pictures prints and printed books of every sort and kind whatsoever and also all my stock of wines and other liquors provisions and fuel of every sort and kind which shall be in or about my dwelling house buildings and premises in Winchelsea aforesaid at the time of my decease and also my carriage and carriage horses and two of my best milk cows for her own absolute use benefit and disposal.
And I do hereby ratify and confirm the settlement made by me on the said Mary my wife for her life of a certain farm lands and marshlands called Newhouse Farm containing about two hundred and sixty acres and situate in Udimore, Hailsham Brede and Rye in the County of Sussex or in some or one of them.

I give and devise unto the said Mary my wife and unto my son William John Denne and to my brother David Denne of Lydd in the County of Kent, Esquire and to William Steer(?) of Pall Mall, London Esquire the brother of my said wife and their heirs all that the ? and Court Lodge of the Manor of Abury(?) and all the houses barns and other buildings together with a Close and Little Orchard and several pieces or parcels of land meadow pasture and marsh thereto belonging containing in the whole by admeasurement four hundred and ninety nine acres and thirty five patches(?) be the same more or less with their and every of their Rights Numbers and Appertuances situate lying and being in the Parishes of Old Romney and Midley in Romney Marsh in the County of Kent and now in my own occupation and all my estates and interest therein being part and parcel of the ? and Court Lodge of the said Manor of Abury and of the several houses barns buildings lands tenements and hereditaments thereunto belonging held by myself and my said brother David Denne under a lease thereof granted to us our heirs and assigns by the Dean and Chapter of the Cathedral and Metropolitical(?) Church of Christ Canterbury bearing date the thirtieth day of June in the forty ninth year of His present Majesties Reign for the lives of George John Basil Spencer Viscount Althorpe and Baron Spencer of Althorpe, The Right Honourable Frederick Earl of Besborough formerly Frederick Ponsonby Esquire then conveniently called Lord Viscount Duncannon and my son Richard Greenland Denne and for and during the term of the natural life of the longest lives of them subject to the rent and covenants in the said lease contained and which said ? and Court Lodge lands hereditaments and premises hereinbefore by me given and devised are and have been allotted to and are held by me in severalty and distinct from the residue of the said ? and Court Lodge lands hereditaments and premises by the said Indenture of Lease ? and ? which are and have been allotted unto and are held by my said brother David Denne in severalty and distinct from the said ? and Court Lodge lands hereditaments and premises hereinbefore by me given and devised as aforesaid subject nevertheless to the payment of the yearly rent or sum of thirty pounds part of the yearly rent by the said Indenture of Lease ? and to the covenants(?) conditions and agreements in the said Indenture of Lease contained so far as the same affect the said ? and Court Lodge lands tenements hereditaments and premises hereinbefore by me devised as aforesaid

and also all that my messuage or tenements and farm called Rhode End Farm or howsoever otherwise called containing by estimation one hundred and thirty acres by the same more or less with the appertuances situate lying and being in the Parishes of Winchelsea Hailsham, Brede, Rye and Udimore or in some or all of them in the County of Sussex and also all that my other farm and lands called Spot Farm or howsoever otherwise called or known containing by estimation one hundred and twenty acres by the same more or less with the appertuances situate lying and being in the Parishes of Shadoxhurst and Warehome or in one or both of them in the said County of Kent and also all that my piece(?) of woodland containing by estimation about two acres situate in Udimore which I purchased of Mr Aubrey and also all that moiety or half part of a messuage and piece of land situate in Udimore aforesaid and now in the occupation of Mr James(?) Smith and also all and every other my messuages, farms, lands, woodlands, freshmarshlands, saltmarshlands, tenements and hereditaments and parts and shares of messuages, farms, lands, woodlands, freshmarshlands, saltmarshlands, tenements and hereditaments and my real estate whatsoever and wheresoever whereof I shall die seized possessed or entitled unto with their and every of their Rights, Numbers and Appertuances and all my estate and interest therein and thereto respectively to hold the same unto and to the use of them the said Mary Denne, William John Denne, David Denne and William Steer their heirs and assigns for ever according to the nature and quality of the said estates respectively upon trust that they the said Mary Denne, William John Denne, David Denne and William Steer or the survivors or survivor of them or the heirs or assigns of such survivor ? shall as soon as conveniently may be after my death sell and absolutely dispose of the same together or in parcels by public auction or private contract as to them her or him shall seem expedient for the best price or prices in money that can be reasonably had or obtained for the same respectively and ? to convey the same accordingly.

And I will and direct that the receipt or receipts of the said Mary Denne, William John Denne, David Denne and William Steer or the survivors or survivor of them or the heirs or assigns of such survivor for the money for which the same or any part or parts thereof respectively shall be so respectively sold shall from time to time be a sufficient discharge or sufficient discharges to the purchaser or purchasers of the said several premises hereinbefore made saleable by this my will or any part or parts thereof for his her or their purchase money or so much thereof as shall be therein acknowledged or expressed to have been received and that such purchaser or purchasers his her or their heirs executors administrators or assigns or any of them shall not afterwards be answerable or accountable for any loss misapplication or misapplications of such purchase moneys received or any part or parts thereof.
And my will further is that the monies which shall arise by or from such sale or sales as aforesaid shall be deemed to be part of my personal estate and that the ? yearly rents and profits of the said hereditaments and premises in the mean time until the same shall be sold or of so much thereof as shall be remaining unsold shall be deemed to be part of the annual income of my personal estate and that the same monies and rents and profits shall be subject to the dispositions hereinafter made concerning my personal estate and the annual income thereof respectively provided always that in the meantime and until any sale or sales shall be made of my said messuages, farms, lands, woodlands, freshmarshlands, saltmarshlands, tenements and hereditaments and parts and shares of messuages, farms, lands, woodlands, freshmarshlands, saltmarshlands, tenements and hereditaments as hereinbefore directed or authorised it shall and may be lawful and I do hereby fully authorise and empower my said Trustees or the survivors or survivor of them or the heirs executors or administrators of such survivor to carry on my business of a farmer and grazier in which I am at present engaged. And I direct that all payments which shall be made by my said Trustees on account of their continuing and carrying on my said businesses or relative thereto shall be allowed them in their accounts(?). And I do hereby indemnify them my said Trustees for what they shall do and pay in respect thereof respectively and the residue of the monies to be produced by the carrying on of my said businesses shall constitute part of the residue of my estate.

I give and bequeath unto the said Mary Denne, William John Denne, David Denne and William Steer their executors and administrators the sum of five thousand pounds of lawful money of Great Britain to be paid to or retained by them within twelve calendar months next after my decease upon trust that they my said Trustees do and shall lay out and invest the same in some or one of the public stocks or funds or in or upon Government or Real Securities at interest in their names with full power and authority nevertheless to alter vary and change such stocks funds and securities from time to time for others of the same or the like nature as often as shall be thought expedient and do and shall stand and be possessed of the stocks funds and securities in or upon which the said sum of five thousand pounds shall be placed out or invested upon the trusts and for the intents and purposes following (that is to say)
upon trust to pay the dividends interest and annual produce thereof as the same shall arise and become due unto my said dear wife Mary Denne or her assigns or permit and suffer her and them to receive and take the same to and for her and their own use and benefit during her natural life and from and after her decease upon trust to pay transfer assign and make over the said sum of five thousand pounds or the stocks funds or securities in or upon which the same shall be then placed out or invested unto and among my said sons William John Denne, Richard Greenland Denne, Ann Maria Denne, Frances Denne and Mary Jane Denne in such parts shares and proportions or dispositions at such ages or times and in such manner and form in all respects as she my said wife Mary Denne shall at any time during her life whether ? or sole by her last Will and Testament in writing or any codicil thereto or any writing purporting to be her last Will and Testament or codicil to be by her signed and published in the presence of and attested by two or more credible witnesses direct or appoint and for want or in default of such direction or appointment they my said Trustees shall stand and be possessed of the said sum of five thousand pounds or the stocks funds and securities in or upon which the same shall be so placed out or invested as aforesaid or so much thereof as shall remain unappointed by her my said wife in trust for such of them my said sons and daughters William John Denne, Richard Greenland Denne, Ann Maria Denne, Frances Denne and Mary Jane Denne as shall be living at the time of the decease of my said wife and the issue of which shall be then living of such of them my said sons and daughters as may be then ? in equal shares and proportions but so that the issue of every such deceased son and daughter shall take(?) equally amongst them if more than one only the share which the parent of such respective issue would have been entitled to if then living and to transfer and make over the same accordingly. Also I will and direct that my said Executors and Trustees shall and by and out of my estate pay unto the said Mary my wife interest for the said sum of five thousand pounds so to be placed out for her benefit for her life as aforesaid at and after the rate of five pounds per centum per annum such interest to commence and be computed from the day of my death and to be paid half yearly until the said sum of five thousand pounds shall be actually invested put or placed out on the securities hereinbefore mentioned.

Also I give and bequeath unto my said daughter Ann Maria Denne the sum of five thousand pounds of lawful money of Great Britain to be paid to her at the end of two years to be computed from the day of my decease and in the mean time until the said sum of five thousand pounds shall become payable and be paid I direct that interest at and after the rate of five pounds per centum per annum to be computed from the time of my decease shall be allowed and paid by my Executors out of my estate for and in respect of the said sum of five thousand pounds unto my said daughter Ann Maria Denne and that the same shall be paid by my said Executors unto her my said daughter half yearly and that the first half yearly payment of such interest shall begin and be made at the end of six calendar months to be computed from the day of my decease.

I give and bequeath unto each of them my said other daughters Frances Denne and Mary Jane Denne the like sum of five thousand pounds apiece to be paid to them my said daughters Frances Denne and Mary Jane Denne respectively at the end of two years to be computed from the day of my decease if they my said daughters shall then severally have attained their several and respective ages of twenty one years but if they shall respectively be then under the age of twenty one years then I do hereby direct that the said legacy or sum of five thousand pounds hereby intended for each of them my said daughters Frances Denne and Mary Jane Denne shall be paid to them respectively on their attaining their several and respective ages of twenty one years or day and respective days of marriage which shall first happen next after the end of two years to be computed from the day of my decease as aforesaid and in the mean time until the said last mentioned legacies or sums of five thousand pounds and five thousand pounds shall become payable and be paid I direct that interest at and after the rate of five pounds per centum per annum to be computed from the day of my decease shall be allowed and paid by my Executors out of my personal estate for and in respect of the said last mentioned legacies or sums of five thousand pounds said five thousand pounds respectively and that the same shall be paid by my said Executors unto my said daughters Frances Denne and Mary Jane Denne respectively if they respectively shall then have attained their said age of twenty one years but if they or either of them shall be under the age of twenty one years and unmarried at the time of my decease I direct that the interest of the said legacies or sums of five thousand pounds and five thousand pounds shall be by my said Executors applied for or towards the maintenance of my said daughters Frances Denne and Mary Jane Denne until they shall severally attain their age of twenty one years or shall be married. Also I give and bequeath unto each and every of them my said three daughters Ann Maria Denne, Frances Denne and Mary Jane Denne the further sum of two thousand pounds apiece of like money to be paid unto them by my said Executors and Trustees at the end of one year next after the death of the said Mary my wife and not before.

Also I give and bequeath unto each of them the said David Denne and William Steer the sum of fifty pounds which I beg they will accept as a small token of my affection and esteem for them.
I give and bequeath unto my said Trustees the said Mary my wife, William John Denne, David Denne and William Steer their executors or administrators all and every my ready monies and securities for money, money in the public stocks or funds debts effects and personal estate whatsoever and wheresoever and of what nature kind or quality soever the same be not by me hereinbefore already otherwise disposed of whereof I shall die possessed or which shall be any ways due owing coming(?) or belonging unto me at the time of my decease and all my estate and interest therein to hold the same and every part thereof unto them the said Mary my wife, William John Denne, David Denne and William Steer their executors administrators and assigns upon trust that they my said Trustees or the survivors or survivor of them or the executors or administrators of such survivor do and shall when and as soon after my decease as they or he shall think proper and expedient put off my grazing and farming businesses and each or either of them and also upon trust that they my said Trustees or the survivors or survivor of them or the executors or administrators of such survivor shall and do as soon as conveniently may be after my decease sell and convert into ready money all such part or parts of my personal estate as shall not consist of monies or securities for money and shall and ? receive and get in all such part and parts thereof as consist of monies or securities for money or monies in the public stocks or funds and upon further trust that they my said Trustees or the survivors or survivor of them his executors or administrators shall and do in the first place by and out of the monies to arise by and from the sale or sales of my said messuages, farms, lands, woodlands, marshlands, freshmarshlands, saltmarshlands, tenements, hereditaments and real and personal estates and premises and so to be called received and got in as aforesaid and by the rents issues interest and profits thereof in the mean time and until such sale or sales pay all such just debts as I shall owe at the time of my decease together with interest of such of the said debts as shall carry interest my funeral expenses the said several legacies and sums of money hereinbefore by me given and bequeathed or ordered or directed to be paid the costs of proving this my will and my Trustees and Executors costs and charges and other incidental expenses and after all such payments as aforesaid

upon trust that they my said Trustees or the survivors or survivor of them or the executors or administrators of such survivor shall and do share and divide the same into two equal moieties parts or shares and one full equal moiety or half part thereof I give and bequeath unto my said son William John Denne his executors administrators and assigns to and for his and their own use and benefit and the remaining other full equal moiety or half part thereof I give and bequeath unto my son Richard Greenland Denne and I will and direct that the said moiety or half part of such the clear(?) residue of my estate hereby given and bequeathed unto my said son Richard Greenland Denne shall be paid assigned and transferred or made over to him my said son Richard Greenland Denne at his age of twenty one years and in the mean time and until my said son Richard Greenland Denne shall attain his age of twenty one years my will and desire is that my said Trustees or the survivors or survivor of them or the executors or administrators of such survivor shall and do from time to time invest put and place out at interest in their names or in the names or name of the survivors or survivor of them or the executors or administrators of such survivor the said last mentioned moiety of the residue of my estate upon real securities or in some or one of the Parliamentary Stocks or funds of this Kingdom with full power and authority from time to time to alter vary and change such stocks funds and securities for others of the same or the like nature as often as he she or they shall think it expedient and proper and in the mean time and until the said last mentioned moiety of and in the clear(?) residue of my estate or the stocks funds or securities in or upon which the same shall be placed out or invested shall become payable assignable or transferable. I will and direct that they my said Trustees shall and do pay and apply the dividends interest and annual proceed of such parts and shares respectively or so much thereof as my said Trustees or the survivors or survivor or them or the executors or administrators of such survivor shall in their or his discretion think fit and proper for or towards the maintenance (….ting) duration and bringing up of my said son Richard Greenland Denne in such way and manner as my said Trustees and Executors or the survivors or survivor of them or the executors or administrators of such survivor shall think fit and proper and my will and mind is that in case the dividends interest and yearly proceed of the said last mentioned moiety or half part of the residue of my estate shall be more than or sufficient properly to ? support maintain and bring up my said son Richard Greenland Denne then I direct such surplus or excess when it amounts to one hundred pounds to be made Principal and from time to time laid out and invested by my said Executors and Trustees or the survivors or survivor of them or the executors or administrators of such survivor in their her or his names or name at interest in some or one of the public stocks or funds or on real securities for the benefit of my said son Richard Greenland Denne and to be paid assigned or transferred to him at the same time as the principal of his said moiety or share of and in the said residue of my estate shall become payable assignable or transferable. And I do hereby authorise and empower my said Trustees for the time being when my said son Richard Greenland Denne shall arrive out a fit age to advance and pay out of the principal of the said last mentioned moiety of the residue of my estate or out of the interest dividends and yearly proceed and improvements thereof such sum or sums of money as they my said trustees or the survivors or survivor of them or the executors or administrators of such survivor shall in their or his discretion think proper for the instruction of my said son Richard Greenland Denne in any profession or for putting him out apprentice to any trade or business or for introducing(?) him into any Office, Place or Employment or for defraying his expenses at some or one of the Colleges in the Universities of Oxford or Cambridge or otherwise advancing him in life provided

and I do hereby expressly declare my will to be that the provision made by this my will and in the said marriage settlement to and in favour of the said Mary my wife is to be accepted by her in lieu and in full satisfaction and ? of all Dower Moiety or Thirds(?) of and in all or any part of my real estate.
And I do hereby order direct and confirm that she shall and do within three months after my decease release all my said real estate except the said Newhouse Farm of which she will be entitled for her life as aforesaid of and from all such Dower Moiety and thirds and in case my said wife shall refuse or decline so to do then and in such case I revoke and make void all the legacies and bequests hereinbefore by me made to and in her favour and declare that she shall have or take no benefit or advantage whatever under this my will

and I do hereby constitute and appoint the said Mary my wife my said son William John Denne the said David Denne and William Steer Executors of this my Will and Guardians of my said son Richard Greenland Denne and of my said daughters Frances Denne and Mary Jane Denne during their respective minorities and from and after my said son Richard Greenland Denne shall have attained his age of twenty one years I do hereby appoint my said son Richard Greenland Denne to be an Executor of this my will jointly with them my said wife Mary Denne and the said William John Denne, David Denne and William Steer
and in case it shall so happen that before the said leasehold ? Court Lodge lands, marshlands, hereditaments and premises are sold and disposed of all or either of them the said Earl Spencer, Earl Besborough and Richard Greenland Denne shall happen to die and depart this life then and in such case my will is and I do hereby desire and direct that such lease shall and may from time to time when and so often ? shall expire and that the same can be done on reasonable and reputable terms and my said Trustees and Executors or the survivor of them shall think fit and proper so to do but not otherwise be renewed and filled up in the names or name of my said Executors and Trustees or the survivor of them or in such other name or names as my said Executors and Trustees or the survivors or survivor of them or the executors or administrators of such survivor shall think fit and proper and that all my and other leases at any time or times hereafter to be had or obtained of the same premises shall at any time thereafter during the rent increase thereof remain continue and be upon the like trusts and under and subject to the like powers of sale and disposition as are hereinbefore expressed and directed or referred unto and concerning the said lease hereinbefore mentioned and now in being of and in the same premises or as near thereto as may be and I order direct and confirm that all the fines, fees and expenses attending the renewal of such lease from time to time if my said Executors and Trustees shall think proper so to renew shall be by my said Executors and Trustees or the survivors or survivor of them or the executors or administrators of such survivor taken and paid out of the said hereinbefore mentioned trust monies.

And my will and mind further is that they the said Mary my wife, William John Denne, David Denne and William Steer my Executors and Trustees and also the said Richard Greenland Denne or any or either of them their or any or either of their heirs executors or administrators or any or either of them or those to be appointed in manner hereinafter mentioned or any or either of them shall not be charged or chargeable with or accountable for any more of the aforesaid trust estate, monies and premises than he she or they respectively shall actually receive or shall come to his her or their hands by virtue of this my will nor with or for any loss or losses which shall happen of the said trust monies and premises or any part thereof by carrying on my grazing business and stocking(?) and hoping my said farms and lands aforesaid or by any other ways or ? whatsoever so as such loss or losses happens or happen without his or their wilful default nor for the insufficiency or deficiency of any security or securities in or upon which the said trust monies and premises or any part thereof shall or may be lent laid out or invested nor the one further other or others of them or for the acts deeds receipts defaults or payments of the other or others of them but each of them for himself and herself only and for his and her own acts deeds receipts defaults and payments respectively and that it shall and may be lawful to and for my said Executors and Trustees and those to be hereafter appointed and each of them their and each of their heirs executors and administrators in the first place by and out of the aforesaid trust monies and premises or the interest and proceed thereof to deduct and reimburse himself herself and themselves respectively and to pay to each other all such losses costs charges damages and expenses as he she or they shall sustain expend or be put unto for or by reason or means of the trusts aforesaid or the mismanagement or execution thereof or any other thing relating thereunto together with a proper liberal and suitable compensation for consenting and managing the said trusts and of carrying on my said grazing and farming businesses as aforesaid and for their several ? loss of time attendances and trouble in and about the same and my will and mind further is that in case my said Executors and Trustees or any or either of them shall die before the accomplishment of the said several trusts hereinbefore mentioned or be desirous to quit and be discharged therefrom that then and in such case I will and direct that they my said Executors and Trustees or the survivors or survivor of them shall by writing under their his or her hands and seals or hand and seal with the consent and ? of the said Mary my wife if she shall then be my widow and if not then at the discretion of such surviving Executors to nominate and appoint one or more new Executor and Trustee or Executors or Trustees for the purposes aforesaid to keep up the number of four Executors and Trustees with the like power for the survivors or survivor of them from time to time in case any or either of my said Executors or Trustees shall die or be desirous to quit and be discharged of and from the said several trusts in order to fill and keep up the said number and that upon every such nomination and appointment the surviving Executor or Executors, Trustee or Trustees shall convey assign transfer and make over all and singular the said several trust estates monies and premises in such manner as that the surviving Trustee or Trustees and such person and persons so to be nominated and appointed as aforesaid shall from thenceforth be jointly and severally concerned and interested in the said several trust estates monies and premises hereinbefore expressed in the same or like manner and shall have the same or like power or authority to act in the aforesaid several trusts according to the true intent and meaning of this my will as such survivors or Trustee or Trustees so dying or desiring to quit and be discharged as aforesaid would have had and been if he or they had not died or been desirous to quit and be discharged as aforesaid and that as fully and amply to all intents and purposes as if such new or other Executor or Trustee has been actually named and appointed by me.

In witness whereof I the said Richard Denne the Testator have to this my last Will and Testament contained in this and the ten preceding sheets of paper set my hand and seal (to wit) my hand to the ten preceding sheets and my hand and seal to this last sheet the day and year first above written. Richard Denne. The writing contained in this and the ten preceding sheets of paper was signed and sealed by the above named Richard Denne the Testator and by him published and declared as and for his last Will and Testament in the presence of us who in his presence at his request and in the presence of each other have hereunto subscribed our names as witnesses to the legacy in the fourth and fifth sheet being first ? the sum of five thousand pounds and the ? ‘five’ being first wrote on ? at six different places in the said fourth and fifth sheets and the interlineations in the first fourth and ninth sheets being also first made.
David Taylor Clerk to Messrs Woollett and Dawes. Weedon Dawes, Rye. John Woollett, Rye.

This a codicil to the last Will and Testament of me Richard Denne of Winchelsea in Sussex, Esquire, whereas I have lately purchased of Joseph Pitt and William Stanton Mills Esquires the messuage in which I now reside with the coach house, stable, garden and premises thereto belonging and a piece of ground lying opposite the said messuage and the same premises have been conveyed to me and whereas on or about the twenty ninth day of July one thousand eight hundred and twelve I purchased at public auction at the Auction Mart in London two lots of property of Mr Thomas Lloyd in and near Winchelsea and I then paid into the hands of Mr ? the auctioneer according to the conditions of the said sale a deposit of twenty pounds p cent thereon and signed a contract agreeing to pay the remainder of the purchase money according to the said conditions of having a good title to the said lots and a conveyance made thereof to me.
And whereas I have not hitherto been able to complete that purchase but by a ? made in a Suit instituted in the Court of Chancery wherein John Brooks, Esquire is the Plaintiff and the Right Honourable Charles ? Whitworth and myself and others are Defendants to the sale made by me of the said two lots is thereby confirmed and the purchase thereof directed to be completed. And whereas under the said ? the ? of the property of the said Thomas Lloyd were on the twelfth day of October last past put up to sale before William Alexander Esq the Master to whom the said cause is referred and at the said sale I become the purchaser of Lot 15 of the printed particulars then produced and I have since by orders of the Court been established the purchaser of that lot and whereas several of the biddings made at the said last mentioned sale were afterwards aquired by orders made in the said Cause and at the thirteenth day of this instant January those premises were again put up to sale before the said Master and I then by my agent bid for Lot 3 of the printed particulars produced at the said last mentioned sale and it is probable I may ultimately be established the purchaser of that lot.

Now I do hereby give and devise my said messuage and coach house stable garden and other hereditaments so purchased by me of the said Messrs Pitt and Mills unto my dear wife Mary Denne and her assigns for and during the term of her natural life and they keeping the same in good and (….table) repair and from and after her decease I give and devise the same hereditaments and premises unto my sons William John Denne and Richard Greenland Denne their heirs and assigns for ever as tenants in common and not as joint tenants. I do hereby direct my Executors by and out of my personal estate to complete the purchases so made by me of parts of the estate of the said Thomas Lloyd as before mentioned and to pay the purchase money for the said lots respectively and upon payment thereof and upon the title to the same lots respectively being approved I direct the said lands tenements and hereditaments of which I am or may be reported the purchaser as aforesaid shall be duly and effectually conveyed unto my said Executors their heirs and assigns to the use of my said wife Mary Denne and her assigns for and during the term of her natural life and from and after her decease to the use of my said sons William John Denne and Richard Greenland Denne their heirs and assigns for ever as tenants in common and not as joint tenants to whom I give and devise the same accordingly

and in all other respects I do hereby ratify and confirm my said will notwithstanding my daughter Mary Jane hath with(?) married with Robert William Newman Esq. In witness whereof I the said Richard Denne the Testator have to this writing contained in three sheets of paper and which I declare to be a codicil to my said will and direct the same to be accepted and taken as part thereof set my hand and seal (to wit) my hand to the two first sheets and my hand and seal to this last sheet this twenty fourth day of January in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and nineteen. Richard Denne. Signed sealed published and delivered by the said Richard Denne the Testator as and for a codicil to his last Will and Testament in the presence of us who in hid presence at his request and in the presence of each other have hereunto subscribed our names as witnesses.
Robert Montague Wilmot, MD Hawkhurst(?), Kent. Walter Fuller, Winchelsea Carpenter. Weeden Dawes Attorney at Law, Rye Sussex.

Proved at London with a codicil 21st April 1819 before the Worshipful Samuel Rush ? Doctor of Laws and Surrogate by the oaths of William John Denne Esquire and Richard Greenland Denne Esq he having attained his age of twenty one years the sons two of the surviving Executors to whom administration was granted having been first sworn duly to administer power reserved to Mary Denne widow the relict and William Steer Esq the other surviving Executors.
William Steer Esq one other of the Executors renounced 15th July 1819


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Will of Richard Denne
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