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Will of George Denne

of Canterbury, Kent


Source: Prerogative Court of Canterbury 11/1616
Transcribed by Brian Denn
This is the last Will and Testament of me George Denne of the City of Canterbury Esquire being of sound mind and memory (God be praised)
whereby I give and bequeath unto my dear and loving wife Charlotte Denne all that my Mansion House lately erected and built upon part of the lands purchased from the heirs of William ? Esquire deceased together also with the cottage thereto belonging and all the outhouses buildings garden grounds and ? situate lying and being in the Parish of Saint Paul in the Borough of Longport near the said City and now in my own possession containing in the whole by estimation three acres more or less together with the use and occupation of all my household goods furniture plate linen and china to hold unto her the said Charlotte Denne and her assigns for and during the term of her natural life but no longer.

Also I give devise and bequeath unto my good friends Thomas Wood of Chislet in the County of Kent Esquire and Henry Oldman of Ospringe in the said County, Esquire (subject to the life estate of my said wife Charlotte as aforesaid and also subject and charged to and with the payment of my just debts legacies funeral and other expenses) all my freehold and leasehold messuages lands tenements hereditaments and parts ? and shares of messuages lands tenements hereditaments and real estate whatsoever and wheresoever situate lying or being and also all and singular my household goods household furniture plate linen and china monies and securities for money whether on parliamentary or private securities and all other my goods chattels and credit personal estate and effects whatsoever and of what nature and kind soever the same may consist and be at the time of my decease to hold all of the same (subject and charged as aforesaid) unto the said Thomas Wood and Henry Oldman their heirs executors administrators and assigns upon the several trusts and to and for the several ends intents and purposes hereinafter mentioned expressed and declared of and concerning the same that is to say upon trust
that they my said trustees and the survivor of them and the heirs executors and administrators of such survivor do and shall pay or cause to be paid unto my said wife Charlotte Denne and her assigns all the costs issues and profits dividends interest and proceeds arising by and from all my said freehold and leasehold estates monies and personal estate as aforesaid to and for her own proper use and benefit during so long time of the term of her natural life.
As the youngest of my children which I may happen to leave at my decease shall be under the age of twenty one years or otherwise permit and suffer her my said wife Charlotte Denne or her assigns to ? and take the same to her own use she my said wife thereby and therefrom providing for maintaining educating and bringing up all such my said children until the youngest shall accomplish that age and from and immediately upon the youngest of my said children attaining his or her age of twenty one years

then upon further trust that they my said trustees and the survivor of them their heirs executors administrators and assigns do stand possessed of the said trust estates, messuages and premises and every part and parcel thereof upon trust to sell and convert all such part of parts of my said real leasehold and personal estates as do not consist of money or securities for money into ready money and therewith together with all other my ready monies and securities for money pay the sum of twenty thousand pounds of lawful money ? in England in manner and in the shares and proportions following (that is to say) to my niece Mary Ann Wise spinster (daughter of my late deceased sister) the sum of eight thousand pounds part thereof to my niece Jane Wise spinster (another daughter of my said deceased sister) the sum of eight thousand pounds other part thereof and to my nephew John Wise (the son of my said deceased sister) the sum of four thousand pounds residue thereof to whom I do hereby give and bequeath the same accordingly and unto their several and respective executors administrators and assigns
provided nevertheless and my will and mind notwithstanding is that in case any or a few of my said nieces or nephew should happen to die under the age of twenty one years without leaving any issue of their his or her body or bodies lawfully begotten then I direct the part or share of him her or them so dying under age and without issue shall go and descend to the survivor or survivors of them (if more than one) equally between them and if but one then unto such only one then his or her executors and administrators (with benefit of survivorship) but in case all my said nieces and nephew should depart this life under that age and without issue as aforesaid then I do direct that the said sum of twenty thousand pounds shall sink into and become part of my residuary personal estate and go therewith accordingly

and upon further trust that they my said trustees and the survivor of them his executors or administrators do and shall pay all the rest residue and remainder of my said monies and personal estates monies arising by and from the sale or sales of my real leasehold and personal estates so directed to be sold as aforesaid (together also with the said sum of twenty thousand pounds if the same should happen to become a part thereof) unto and equally between all and every my children (as well daughters and sons) equally to be divided between them share and share alike and unto the several and respective executors administrators and assigns of such children (with benefit of survivorship) in case any of such children shall be then dead without leaving issue.

But in case any of my said children should happen to die leaving lawful issue then the part and share or parts and shares of them him or her so dying shall go and descend to such issue (if more than one) and if but one then unto such only one such issue taking only the part or share which their his or her parents or parent would have taken had they he or she be living provided also nevertheless and my will further is that in case I should happen to die without leaving any issue child or children or leaving such they should all happen to depart this life under the age of twenty one years without leaving any issue then in that event I give and bequeath all the said rest residue and remainder of my said monies and personal estate monies arising from and by the sale or sales of my real leasehold and personal estates aforesaid (together with the sum of twenty thousand pounds if the same should so happen to become a part thereof) unto my said wife Charlotte Denne and her assigns for and during the term of her natural life
and from and immediately after her decease upon further trust that they my said trustees and the survivor of them his executors administrators and assigns do and shall stand possessed of the same for the purposes hereinafter mentioned and declared of and concerning the said trust monies and premises (that is to say) in the first place to pay thereout the sum of ten thousand pounds of lawful English money part thereof unto Osbourn Snoulten the brother of my now wife Charlotte Denne his executors administrators and assigns to whom in the event aforesaid I give and bequeath the same accordingly

and in part further trust that they my said trustees or the survivor of them his executors administrators and assigns do and shall pay all the rest residue and remainder of the said trust monies securities for money personal estate and effects unto and equally between the said children of my late deceased sister (namely) the said Mary Ann Wise, Jane Wise and John Wise share and share alike and the issue of such of them as may be then dead leaving issue such issue lawfully only the part or share and parts or shares which them his or her parent or parents would have taken had they ? been living with the like benefit of survivorship
and in case all such children shall be then dead without leaving any issue surviving them and in that event I give and bequeath all the said rest residue and remainder of the said trust monies securities and personal estate unto George(?) Denne son of Thomas Denne of Reculver and George Denne son of Thomas Denne of Upstreet in Chislet and unto their several and respective executors administrators and assigns equally to be divided between them share and share alike discharged from all further trusts and for facilitating the sale or sales of my said real and leasehold estates.

I do hereby direct and my will is that the receipt and receipts of my said trustees or the survivor of them or the heirs executors and administrators of such survivor shall effectually discharge the purchaser or purchasers thereof or any part thereof for all the monies paid by them and as shall be expressed and acknowledged in such receipt or receipts to have been received for the same and that such purchaser and purchasers shall not afterwards be answerable for the application misapplication or misappropriation thereof or of any part thereof and I do hereby make constitute and appoint the said Thomas Wood and Henry Oldman Executors of this my last Will and Testament to each of whom I give one hundred guineas for their trouble and care therein and do also appoint them the said Thomas Wood and Henry Oldman together with my said wife Charlotte Guardians of all and every my children during their respective minorities and I will and direct that they my said Trustees and Executors shall be indemnified in the execution of the trusts hereby in them reposed and that they shall only be answerable for such monies and things as shall come to their respective hands by virtue of this my will and that they shall not be answerable for involuntary losses nor the one for the other of them and further that it shall be lawful for my said Executors and Trustees to deduct and retain to themselves respectively their reasonable costs and charges in and about the execution of this my will and the trusts hereby in them reposed

and lastly I revoke all former wills and testaments and of the Testamentary papers by me at any time heretobefore made and do hereby publish and declare these presents only to be and contain my last Will and Testament. In witness whereof I the said George Denne the Testator have to the first four sheets of this my last Will and Testament (in four sheets of paper together annexed contained) set my hand and to this fifth and last sheet thereof my hand and seal this twenty fourth day of October in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifteen. George Denne. Signed sealed published and declared by the said George Denne the Testator as and for his last Will and Testament in the presence of us who in his presence at his request and in the presence of each other have hereunto subscribed our names as witnesses. The words written on the seventh and twelfth and part of the thirteenth lines from the bottom of the fourth sheet being first written on ? and the word ‘Oldman’ being written our ? throughout.
Osborne Snoulten, William Cullen, Robert(?) Cullen.

This is a codicil to my last Will and Testament
I give to my two servants Peter Finch and Ann Moat(?) one hundred pounds each,
to Catherine Green five pounds per year during her life,
to Rebecca Roberts fifty pounds per year during her life,
to my servant Charles Culmer(?) the house in which his father resides and Elgars Marshland and the six acres which was Mr Colders(?) in the Parish of Stourmouth and Preston during his life and the life of his wife Jane or the survivor of either of him or her,
to Thomas Wood a silver urn,
to Mrs Cary(?) of Chislet the annuity which I have been accustomed to pay her during her life,
to Lester Wildish my servant ten pounds,
to the poor widows of the Parish of Chislet one pound apiece per annum during the life of my wife and child,
to Elizabeth Coombs the servant of the late Mrs Vandepeer ten pounds,
to Edward Hodges my gardener ten pounds,
to my coachman Samuel Laws ten pounds,
to William Wells ten pounds,
to Henry Oldman a silver urn,
to Mary Fox my servant twenty pounds,
to Ann Burton and to Susan White the two servants of Mr Snoulten one hundred pounds apiece on the day of their marriage,
to Gabriel ? my brothers old servant one hundred pounds and I forgive him all that he owes me,
to Joseph Collins of Chislet fifty pounds.

I desire my dear wife will purchase something at her own discretion for her father and brother in remembrance of me and I do in all respects in which my said will is not hereby altered ratify and confirm the same. George Denne. Signed sealed published and declared by the said George Denne as and for a codicil to his last Will and Testament in the presence of us who in his presence at his request and in the presence of each other have hereunto subscribed our names as witnesses this fourth day of March one thousand eight hundred and nineteen.
Osborn Snoulten, Charlotte Denne, Richard Adams.

I George Denne in addition to a former codicil made the fourth day of March one thousand eight hundred and nineteen do give as follows to my worthy friend William Fitch(?) the sum of one hundred pounds to Doctor ? one hundred pounds declared this twenty sixth day of March 1819 in the presence of me
Thomas Wood.

Appeared personally Thomas Wood of Chislet in the County of Kent Esquire, Peter Finch of the City of Canterbury, servant and Samuel Laws of the same City, servant and made oath that they knew and were well acquainted with George Denne late of the said City of Canterbury Esquire deceased that these deponents being in company with the said deceased at his house on the twenty sixth day of March late past he the said deceased expressed a wish and intention of making an additional codicil to his will that the deponent Thomas Wood thereupon in the presence of his fellow deponents the said Peter Finch and Samuel Laws from the verbal situation of the said deceased immediately drew and prepared the paper writing hereunto annexed purporting to be the second codicil to the last Will and Testament of the said deceased the said codicil being in the words following to wit ‘I George Denne in addition to a former codicil made the fourth day of March one thousand eight hundred and nineteen do give as follows to my worthy friend William Fitch the sum of one hundred pounds to Doctor ? one hundred pounds declared this twenty sixth day of March 1819 in the presence of me’ and after the deponent Thomas Wood had so prepared the said codicil he in the presence of the deponents Peter Finch and Samuel Laws was the same all over audibly and distinctly to the said deceased who expressed his entire approbation thereof that the said deceased being afflicted with a paralysis was unable to write or even to hold a pen and therefore was incapable of signing his name to the said codicil that this deponent Thomas Wood then set and subscribed his name thereto in manner as now appears thereon in the presence of the deceased and of his fellow deponents Peter Finch and Samuel Laws and the deponents lastly made oath that the said deceased was at and during all and singular the premises before deposed to of sound and disposing mind memory and understanding. Thomas Wood , Peter Finch, Samuel Laws. On the fourth day of May 1819 the said Thomas Wood, Peter Finch and Samuel Laws were duly sworn to the truth of this affidavit by virtue of the annexed commission before me. ? Francis Commings.

Proved at London with 2 codicils the 12th May 1819 before the Judge by the oaths of Thomas Wood and Henry Oldman Esquires the Executors to whom administration was granted being first sworn by commission duly to administer.


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Will of George Denne
Created by Maureen Rawson