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Will of John Denne

of Chilham, Kent


Source: Archdeaconry Court of Canterbury 1750
Transcribed by Brian Denn
In the name of God Amen, I John Denne the Elder of Chilham in the County of Kent, Gentleman being aged and infirm in Body but of sound and perfect mind and understanding (praised be Almighty God therefore) and therefore considering the uncertainty of this mortal life do make publish and declare this my last Will and Testament in manner and form following (that is to say) first and principally I resign my Soul to Almighty God my Creator in hope of attaining remission of all my sins and a joyful and happy resurrection to life eternal through the above(?) merits and mediation of my Blessed Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ and my body I commit to the earth to be decently interred in Christian Burial in my family vault at Bishopsbourne in the said county at the discretion of my beloved sons William Denne and John Denne who I do hereby make nominate and appoint Joint Executors of this my last Will and Testament and as my worldly estate wherewith it has pleased God to bless me I give devise and dispose thereof in manner following.
Also my will and mind is that all my just debts shall be with all convenient speed after my decease fully paid and satisfied by said Executors.

Also I give devise and bequeath unto my said beloved son William Denne all that my manor of Bursted with the just rents rights numbers and appertuances thereunto belonging and also all that my Court lodge or manor house barns stables buildings lands woodlands hereditaments and premises thereto belonging containing in the whole by estimation one hundred and sixty acres (more or less) with the appertuances situate lying and being in the several parishes of Bishopsbourne Bridge and Upper Hardres in the said County of Kent and now in my own occupation and also all those my two other messuages or tenements with the barns stables buildings lands and premises to them severally belonging and also one piece or parcel of meadow land with their appertuances containing together in the whole by estimation twenty five acres more or less situate lying and being in the Parish of Herne in the said County of Kent and now or late in the several tenures or occupations of John Bing, Thomas Staines(?) and Richard Knight their assigns or undertenants. And also all that my other messuage or tenement with the barns stables buildings lands and premises thereunto belonging commonly called or known by the name of Dane Farm containing in the whole by estimation fifty five acres more or less with their appertuances situate lying and being in the Parish of Upper Hardres aforesaid and late in the tenure or occupation of the widow Admans or her assigns. And also all that my one other messuage or tenement with the barn stable lands and premises thereto belonging containing by estimation nine acres more or less with their appertuances situate lying and being in the Parish of Waltham in the said County of Kent and now or late in the tenure or occupation of William Hawkins or his assigns and also all that my undivided moiety or half part of and in all that messuage or tenement barn stable buildings lands and premises thereto belonging commonly called or known by the name of Northleigh containing in the whole by estimation five and twenty acres more or less with their appertuances situate lying and being in the several parishes of Elmsted and Lyminge in the said County of Kent and now or late in the tenure or occupation of William Horton or his assigns to hold the said manor several messuages or tenements barns stables buildings lands woodlands hereditaments moiety and premises hereinbefore mentioned and every part thereof with their appertuances unto my said son William Denne his heirs and assigns for ever.

Also I give devise and bequeath unto my said son John Denne all those my two several messuages or tenements with the barns stables buildings lands and premises thereto belonging containing together in the whole by estimation one hundred and eighty acres (more or less) with their appertuances situate lying and being in the Parish of Molash in the said County of Kent and now in the tenure or occupation of Thomas Rogers or his assigns and whereof one of the said messuages is called Pontus. And also all that my one other messuage or tenement with the barn stable buildings lands and premises thereto belonging commonly called or known by the name of Howletts containing in the whole by estimation sixty acres more or less with the appertuances situate lying and being in the several parishes of Chilham aforesaid and Selling in the said County of Kent and now in my own occupation. And also my two other messuages or tenements with the barn stables lands and premises thereto belonging containing by estimation eleven acres more or less with the appertuances situate lying and being in the Parish of Chilham aforesaid and now in the occupation of myself and Thomas Miles and also all those my two several pieces or parcels of marshland called High Gates with their appertuances lying and being in the Parish of Newchurch in the said County of Kent and now or late in the tenure or occupation of William Kennett subject to the annuity of eight pounds hereafter charged on the same marshlands to hold the said several messuages or tenements and marshlands and premises hereinbefore mentioned and directed to my said son John Denne (subject to the annuity aforesaid) unto my said son John Denne his heirs and assigns for ever.

Also I give and bequeath and devise unto my cousin Catherine Atwell of Elham in the said county, Spinster for and during the term of her natural life one annuity or yearly rent charge of eight pounds to be issuing and payable out of my said marshlands called High Gates and to be paid to her yearly by four quarterly payments on the four normal feasts or days of payment of rent in the year the first quarterly payment thereof to begin and be made at such of the said feast as shall next happen after my decease by my said son John Denne his heirs or assigns and my will and mind is that if the said annuity or rent of eight pounds or any part thereof shall happen to be unpaid by the space of thirty days next after any of the said quarter days on which the same aught to be paid demand thereof being first made that then and in such case it shall be lawful for the said Catherine Atwell or her assigns or her or their lawful agent or any of them to enter into and upon the said marshlands and premises to distrain for the same and the distress and distresses there from time to time found to take ? and carry away detain impound and keep until the said annuity of eight pounds and all arrears thereof together with the costs of taking and keeping such distress are fully paid and satisfied.

Also I give and devise unto my said two sons William Denne and John Denne and to their heirs and assigns forever all that my messuage or tenement with the shop backside or garden thereto belonging situate in Chilham aforesaid in the Street there and now in the occupation of Edward ? in trust nevertheless that they shall and do permit and suffer my son in law Thomas Wraith and my beloved daughter Elizabeth his wife and the longer lived of them to use occupy and enjoy the same messuage and premises and the rents issues and profits thereof during the term of their natural lives and the life of the longer lived of them and from and after both their deceases to the use and behalf of all such children of my said daughter Elizabeth Wraith as shall survive her and their said father Thomas Wraith equally to be divided between and their heirs and assigns forever as tenants in common.

Also I give and bequeath unto the said Thomas Wraith and said daughter Elizabeth his wife the sum of one hundred pounds to be paid them by my said Executors in manner following (that is to say) the sum of five pounds yearly and every year on that day that I shall happen to depart this life until the said sum of one hundred pounds be fully paid and satisfied the first payment thereof to be made in twelve months next after my decease and if the said Thomas Wraith and Elizabeth his said wife shall both happen to die before the said sum of one hundred pounds be in manner aforesaid fully paid my will is that my said Executors do forthwith after both their deceases pay the residue thereof unto such of their children as shall be then living in equal shares and also my will and mind is and I do hereby devise that in case the said Thomas Wraith shall and do within three months next after my decease execute a good conveyance or deed of all that piece of land planted with hops and of the oast thereon standing situate and being in Chilham aforesaid and now in the said Thomas Wraith’s occupation unto my said two sons William Denne and John Denne and their heirs in trust nevertheless to and for the use and behalf of the said Thomas Wraith for and during his natural life and after his decease to and for the use and behalf of his said wife Elizabeth for and during her natural life and after both their decease’s to and for the use and behalf of such children of theirs as shall survive them in equal shares and of the heirs and assigns of such children for ever then and in such case I do direct my said Executors to ? and deliver up to the said Thomas Wraith one Indenture of Assignment of a mortgage made to me by James Colebrook Esquire and the said Thomas Wraith for the year(?) security of sixty five pounds and nine shillings which said sum in such case I do hereby give and bequeath to the said Thomas Wraith and acquit him from the payment thereof.

Also I give devise and bequeath unto my said son William Denne all that my messuage or tenement called ? with the barn stable lands and premises thereto belonging containing by estimation six acres more or less with the appertuances lying and being in the Parish of Petham in the said County of Kent and now or late in the tenure or occupation of John Marsh or his assigns to hold the said last mentioned messuage lands hereditaments and premises with the appertuances unto my said son William Denne his heirs and assigns for ever.

Also I give and bequeath unto my beloved daughter Catherine wife of William Loud of Throwleigh in the said County of Kent, Yeoman the sum of fifty pounds to be paid to her by my said Executors within six months next after my decease.
Also I give and bequeath unto my beloved daughter Mary Hills Widow, the sum of one hundred pounds to be paid to her also by my said Executors within six months next after my decease.

Also I give and bequeath unto my said two sons and Executors the sum of three hundred pounds in trust and upon condition that they place the same out at interest on Government or Land Security with all speed after my decease and from time to time receive and pay and apply the interest or proceed thereof unto and for the use and benefit of my beloved daughter Susannah Denne and also at any time call in the said principal sum of three hundred pounds or any part thereof and from time to time pay and apply the same together with the interest to and for her said use and benefit in such manner as to them my said Executors shall seem best. But in case my said daughter Susannah Denne shall happen to die before all the said sum of three hundred pounds and the interest or proceed thereof be fully paid her then and in such case I give and bequeath such residue and remainder of the said sum of three hundred pounds and interest unto my said daughters Elizabeth Wraith Catherine Loud and Mary Hills to be paid to them by my said Executors in equal shares and proportions immediately after the decease of my said daughter Susannah Denne.

Also I give and bequeath unto my granddaughter Sarah daughter of Edward Beesam the sum of one hundred pounds to be paid to her by my said Executors at her age of twenty years or day of marriage which shall next happen after my decease. But if the said Sarah Beesam shall happen to die unmarried and before she attains the said age of twenty years then I give and bequeath the said sum of one hundred pounds hereby given to and designed for her as aforesaid unto my said daughters Elizabeth Wraith Catherine Loud Mary Hills and Susannah Denne to be paid to them in equal shares and proportions by my said Executors forthwith after the decease of the said Sarah Beesam.

Also I give and bequeath unto my said son William Denne all and singular my stock and crop of corn cattle wagons carts ploughs harrows harnesses and all other utensils of husbandry and personal effects that at the time of my decease will be growing lying and being on in and upon or belonging to my said farm and lands called Bursted to be delivered to or taken by him immediately after my decease.
Also I give and bequeath to my said son John Denne all and singular my stock and crop of corn cattle swine wagons carts ploughs harrows harnesses and all other utensils in husbandry household goods plate linen and personal effects that at the time of my decease will be growing lying and being in and upon or belonging to the several farms and lands in my possession lying and being in and upon the several parishes of Chilham and Selling aforesaid (ready money and all manner of securities for money excepted) to be delivered to or taken by him forthwith after my decease.

Also all the rest residue and remainder of the personal estate and effects that I shall lie seized or possessed of interested in or entitled unto as ready money, money out at interest on any security whatsoever or due to me on any amount whatsoever my debts legacies funeral expenses and other incident charges in proving this my will or otherwise being first paid and discharged I give and bequeath unto my said two sons and Executors William Denne and John Denne equally to be divided between them part and share alike and I do hereby revoke and make void all former and other wills and testaments by me heretofore made and declare this only to be my last Will and Testament. In witness whereof I the said John Denne the Elder the Testator have to this my last Will and Testament contained in three sheets of paper to each of the said sheets set my hand and affixed my seal the twenty ninth day of December in the twenty fourth year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord George the Second by the grace of God of Great Britain, France and Ireland King Defender of the Faith and so forth and in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and fifty. John Denne. Signed sealed published and declared by the above named John Denne the Elder the Testator as and for his last Will and Testament in the presence of us who at his request and in his presence subscribed our names as witnesses hereunto.
Edward Cozens, George Wills, James Morgan.

The before registered will of John Denne deceased was proved the 23rd day of February in the year 1750 before the Rev William Broderick(?) Clerk Surrogate to the Worshipful Edward Simpson Doctor of Laws, Official General to the ? the Archdeacon of Canterbury lawfully constituted by the oath of William Denne and John Denne Executors named in the said will to whom being sworn duly to perform the same.


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Will of John Denne
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