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Will of Richard Denn

of Ickham, Kent


Source: Consistory Court of Canterbury Vol.44 folio 191
Transcribed by Brian Denn
In the name of God Amen the ? year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord James of England France and Ireland, King Defender of the Faith I Richard Denn of Ickham in the County of Kent, husbandman being well and in perfect health thanks and praise be unto Almighty God do make and ordain this my last Will and Testament in manner and form following. First I will my Soul unto Almighty God trusting to have full remission and forgiveness of all my sins by the death and passion of my only Saviour and Redeemer Jesus Christ and my body to the Earth from whence it came. Item my will and meaning is that there shall be a sermon preached in Ickham Church upon the day of my burial. Also my will and meaning is that there shall be a sermon preached in Ickham Church the Sabbath Day before ? Day and the Sabbath Day before Christmas Day and to be begun about two of the clock in the afternoon of the same days and so to be continued for over those days and times.

Item I will and bequeath unto Margaret my wife my house and lands with the appertuances thereunto belonging beside Ickham Mill in the Parish of Ickham which was given unto me by my father. I give unto her for term of her life upon condition that she shall keep the house sufficiently repaired and the land sufficiently fenced and the fruit trees and other trees kept and maintained and to perform those two exercises of preaching on those days and times above written upon her charges during her natural life and after her decease I will that the house and lands with the appertuances thereunto belonging besides Ickham Mill in the Parish of Ickham I will and bequeath unto the eldest of my brothers and after them to the eldest of their children and so successfully to the eldest of my kindred for ever upon condition that they shall keep the house sufficiently repaired and the land sufficiently fenced and the fruit trees and other trees orderly kept and maintained and perform those two exercises of preaching the word of God on those days and times before written to be done in the Parish Church of Ickham aforesaid.

And my meaning is that the rest shall be there distributed at the end of every one of those sermons unto the poor of Ickham that shall then dwell in the parish for to be given by the help of the churchwardens then being. Item I will and bequeath unto the poor dwellers of Wingham of Littlebourne of Wickham of Stodmarsh to every of those parishes ten shillings apiece to be paid unto them within ten days after my burial by the help of the churchwardens of those several parishes.

Item I will and bequeath unto Margaret my wife three hundred pounds of good and lawful money of England for to be paid unto her or to her heirs executors administrators or assigns within twenty days after my decease.
Item I will unto Margaret my wife all the household stuff that was her own before our marriage was and it hath been her promise unto me that if she have paid out her three hundred pounds by my appointment that then she will do any ? that shall be thought convenient for to discharge her self fully and wholly from the rest of my goods.
Item I will and bequeath unto my brother William Denn twenty pounds of lawful money and unto every one of his children five pounds apiece the same to be paid unto as many of them as shall be live ten years after my death and shall themselves lawfully demand it.
Item I will and bequeath unto John Denn my brother twenty pounds of lawfully money the same to be paid unto him within ten years after my death if he be then alive and shall lawfully demand it.
Item I will unto Margery Denn his wife who was my servant seven years ten pounds of lawful money of England the same for to be paid unto her within ten years after my death if she so long shall live and shall lawfully demand.

Item I will and bequeath unto my brother John Denn his children ten pounds apiece to be paid unto as many of them as shall live ten years after my death and shall themselves lawfully demand it.
Item I will and bequeath unto my brother in law John Tibbeles ten shillings and unto his wife that now is twenty pounds of lawful money of England the same for to be paid unto them within six years after my death if they be then alive and shall lawfully demand it.
Item I will and bequeath unto my sister Margery her children five pounds apiece the same to be paid unto so many of them as shall live ten years after my death and shall themselves lawfully demand it.
Item I will and bequeath unto Thomas Wreake(?) the son of Margaret Wreake six pounds of lawful money of England the same for to be paid unto him within two years next after my death if he be then alive and shall lawfully demand it.
I give unto Katherine Neame my own sister twenty pounds of lawful money of England the same for to be paid unto them within ten years after my death if she so live and do lawfully demand it.

Item I will and bequeath unto William Denn the son of my brother Thomas Denn deceased ten pounds of lawful money of England the same for to be paid unto him when he shall attain unto the age of eighteen years if he so long shall live and shall lawfully demand it.
Item I will and bequeath unto my sister Mary Forstall daughters Margaret Bentley, Mary Forstall, ? Forstall, Elizabeth Forstall unto either of those four twenty pounds apiece of lawful money of England the same for to be paid unto them within four years next after my decease to them or their assigns.
Item I will and bequeath unto my cousin Mary Hodgben’s children twenty shillings apiece of lawful money of England the same for to be paid unto so many as them as shall live ten years after my death and shall themselves come and make lawful demand thereof.
Item I will and bequeath unto my uncle John Denne of Wye forty shillings and unto every one of his children twenty shillings apiece of lawful money of England the same for to be paid unto so many of them as shall live six years after my death and shall themselves lawfully demanded it.
Item I will and bequeath unto Andrew Harris of Wye the late husband of my cousin Margaret Denne deceased twenty shillings and unto every one of his children which he had by Margaret Denne twenty shillings the same to be paid unto so many of them as shall live three years after my death and shall make lawful demand thereof.

Item I will unto my cousin Phillip Denne his widow five shillings and to ? son or daughter that she had by Phillip Denne ten shillings of lawful money of England.
Item I will and bequeath unto my daughter every one of my servants that shall serve meat the time of my death forty shillings apiece for to be paid unto so many as shall continue in their places until the next Michaelmas after my death and shall themselves lawfully demand it.
Item I will unto my overseers of this my will forty shillings apiece for to be paid unto them within one month after my death.

The residue of all other my moveable goods chattels money and debts whatsoever and wheresoever it be not before by me given willed and bequeathed I will give and bequeath them wholly and solely unto William Denne my sister Marjorie’s son and unto William Forstall and to Russell Forstall and to Henry Forstall my sister Mary’s three sons and unto Michael Denn my brother Thomas John’s son these five I do make my sole and only Executors of this my last Will and Testament upon condition that they all five shall be bound as severally in six hundred pounds in five several bonds unto the overseers of this my will the conditions of these bonds shall be for to pay my debts and legacies the which I have given as they shall come to be due unto them and that they shall be ordered by those my overseers or else by the greatest number of them in all their businesses concerning their dealings together with my goods and that these bonds should be so made that they shall pay my debts equally every one alike my goods being praised by my overseers within ten days after my death and then my debts and legacies by them for to be cast(?) and summed and then within ten days after that these five shall happen for to die in the time of their dealings together with my goods then my will and meaning is that his goods which shall there remain in that business shall be praised by my overseers or by the greatest number of them and that those being by them so praised they shall confirm their appraisement under their hands and seals and then within six months after that sum which they have deposed in these goods shall be paid according unto the direction of that ? deceased so that thereby they may maintain the peace of the rest that shall live after him in that business and that these my Executors shall have these five bonds before named for to be made and sealed and so to be delivered into those hands of the eldest of my brothers or if they be dead my meaning is that these bonds shall remain in the hands of the eldest of my overseers and that my Executors shall pay for the making of these bonds and that they shall be ? and confirmed and delivered according as so is before written and that three hundred pounds paid the which I have given unto my wife before that this shall prove this my Will and Testament and my hope(?) is that in whose hands soever these ? shall remain will not fail for to show the rest of them these bonds and to have them ? again so(?) the overseer that thereby he may be kept from molesting the peace of the rest.

Item my will and meaning is that if any of these Executors aforenamed shall think good to refuse the Executorship of my goods then my will is that the rest of them shall be bound insufficient bonds for to pay unto him his one hundred pounds of lawful money within three months after my death. Item my will and meaning is that those which shall then stand for to be my Executors shall not fail for to be bound so to pay my wife three hundred pounds within twenty days after my death which if they do not perform then my will is that Margaret my wife shall be my sole and only Executrix of this my last Will and Testament and that she shall enjoy and have all my goods, chattels money and implements of husbandry and all other things whatsoever and wheresoever upon condition that she shall pay unto every one of these the before named Executors one hundred pounds apiece within six months after my death unto them their heirs or assigns.

Item my will and meaning is that if the Executorship do come(?) unto my wife that she shall be bound under these men before named that the other should have been bound unto in the sum of two thousand pounds for to pay all my debts and legacies that I have given in this my will within two years next after my death unto the many of them as shall be then living and shall make lawful demand therefor. Item my will and meaning is that if my wife shall happen for to be my Executor and to perform these conditions before written then my will and meaning is that William Denn and John Denn my two brothers shall be my Executors of this my last Will and Testament and have all my moveable goods debts and chattels whatsoever and that they shall perform all those conditions that my wife or herself should have done if that she or they shall have taken the Executorship.

Item my will and meaning is that whosoever of my kindred shall have my harvest and land before named in possession shall give a ? of the ? unto the minister and churchwardens of Ickham for to remain in the chest in the chancel for them always to behold and that they shall give knowledge unto the minister and churchwardens of Ickham one month before every year one of those whom they have appointed to preach at those days above written which if they do neglect and not give warning accordingly then my will and meaning is that the minister and churchwardens shall then provide some sufficient learned man for to preach that day which shall be so by them bequeathed and for his pains that they obtain to preach it shall be lawful for the minister and churchwardens so to strain upon that land or in that house and that stresse(?) so taken for to drive or carry away and to withhold until that money which they have strained for with the costs and charges that may arise by their straining be fully paid and satisfied so that it be not above the value of ten shillings in any one sermon.

Probatum in Latin 1616


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Will of Richard Denn
Created by Maureen Rawson