This is the last will of me, Thomas Amherst of Pembury in the shire of Kent, made and openly declared there the 10th day of October and the 7th year of King Harry VII upon the disposition of all my lands and tenements with all their appurtenances that I have the day of the making of the present [document], lying and being in the parishes of Pembury aforesaid or elsewhere out in the shire of Kent.
First, I will that, immediately after my death, my feoffees shall suffer my wife and her assigns to have reasonable issues and profit, above all charges and reprises and without waste, of all my said lands and tenements with all their appurtenances till Thomas my son comes to his full age of 21 years. And at the said full age of 21 years of the said Thomas my son, I will that my said feoffees, their heirs, or their assigns shall commit to the said Thomas my son, of and in all my said lands and tenements with all their appurtenances lying and being in the parish of Pembury aforesaid, to hand to the said Thomas my son, to his heirs and to his assigns forever under the condition that the said Thomas my son shall send a sufficient surety to my said feoffees to pay to Alson my daughter, when she comes to her marriage, 20s. That is to say, as soon as the said Thomas my son has occupied his lands aforesaid a whole year after he has the commitment of my said feoffees in manner and form aforesaid.
Item: The residue of all my said ___ lands and tenements with all their appurtenances before not assigned unto the foresaid Thomas my son, that is, all my lands and tenements lying in Tudeley with all their appurtenances, called Judds, I will that my said wife shall have the issues and profits above all charges till William Amherst my son comes to his full age of 21 years. And at his full age of 21 years, all the said lands and tenements with all their appurtenances called Judds I will that my feoffees, their heirs, and their assigns shall commit there unto William my son, to hand to him and to his heirs and to his assigns in fee simple under like condition as is before recited unto Thomas his brother; that is to say, to pay to the said Alson his sister, when she comes to her marriage, another 20s provided by my said feoffees other than that remittance of my said grants unto my said sons in manner and [form] before written..
I will that my said feoffees shall let and grant unto the said Issabell my wife and her assigns an annual rent or annuity of 8s a year during all the rest of her life, going yearly out of all my said lands and tenements, 4 times of the year, to be paid with clause of distress. And it shall be lawful for the said Issabell my wife to charge none of my sons with her annuity except him whose lands are of the most value, his lands to be charged thereafter, and each of my said sons to be charged after ____. Moreover, if it happens that any of Thomas and William, my said sons, die before their full age of 21 years without heirs of the body lawfully begotten, his part who so dies is to remain to whichever of my said sons who so lives. If both my said sons die before their full age of 21 years without heirs of the body lawfully begotten, then all my said lands and tenements with all their appurtenances shall be delivered unto the said Alson my daughter at her full age of 21 years in fee simple, my wife having her annuity in manner and form before written.
Item: If it happens that both my said sons and my said daughter die before the said full age of 21 years without heirs of their bodies lawfully begotten, then I will that all my said lands and tenements lying in Tudeley, called Judds, be sold by my said feoffees for the best price and the money thereof owing be paid unto the hands of my said feoffees and be distributed thereof, to Agnes my sister 20s, and to each of my other sisters 6s 8d, the residue to be disposed to the church works of Pembury and other good deeds of charity by the good discretion of my feoffees; and I will also that the said Isabell my wife and her assigns shall have then during all her life all my lands and tenements in Pembury and at her death to be sold by my feoffees for the best price; and the money thereof owing to be paid unto the hands of my said feoffees and 14s thereof to the works most necessary of the church of Pembury, and 40s to the church works of Tudeley; the residue of the said money to be disposed in deeds of charity by the good discretion of my feoffees for the health of my soul and all my parents' souls.
These witnessing: John Byne, Richard Rayne, John Schenefeld, and others.
This ys the last Wyll of me Thomas Amherst of Pepynb'ry in the Schyre of Kente made & opynly declared there ye x day of octobyr And the vii yere of kyng harry the viith uppon the disposission of all my lands & Teneme'ts wth all their app'tnces that I have the day of ye makyng of ye p'sent lying And being in the p'issches of pepynbyrry Aforesayd or ellys where owt in the Schyre of Kente Fyrst I wyll that immediately aft' my deth that my feoffeys schall suffer my wyffe & her assigns to have resonabyll Issues and pfytt A bove All chargeys & reprises And with owt waste of all my sayd lands And tenem'ts wth all their app'tnces tyll yt Thomas my Son comyth to hys full Age of xxi yers And att ye sayd full Age of xxi yers of the sayd Thom's my son I wyll that my sayd feoffeis their heyres or their assigneys schall make foate un to ye sayd Thomas my son of And in all my sayd landes & Teneme'ts wth all their app'tnces lyeing & beyng in the p'issche of pepy'bry Aforesayd To hand to ye sayd Thomas my sone to hys heyrs And to hys assygneys for evr undr ye co'diton that the sayd Thom's my sone schall synde a Sufficient suerte To my sayd feoffeys to pay to Alson my dawghtr when she comyth to hyr mariage xxs That ys to say Anone Aftr that ye sayd Thomas my sone hath ocupyed hys landys Aforesayd an hole yere Aftr he hathe Afoate of my sayd feoffeys in man' & Forme Aforesayd Item The residew of all my sayd sp' lands & tenem'ts wth all their app'tnces by fore not assigneyd un to ye foresayd Thom's my Sone that ys All my landys & teneme'ts lyeing in Tudele wth all their app'tnces Callyd Juddes I wyll that my sayd wyfe schall have the Issues & pfittes A bove All chargeys tyll yt Will'm Amherst my sone comyth to hys full Age of xxi yers And att hys full Age of xxi yers All the sayde lands & teneme'ts wth all their app'tnces lying in Tudele Callyd Juddes I wyll that my feoffeys their heyrs & theyr assigns schall make foate yere unto Willia' my sone to hand to hym & to hys heyrs & to hys assignes in fee simple under lyke co'diton as ys A fore reherssyd un to Thomas hys broder that ys to say to pay to ye sayd Alson hys sister when sche comyth to her marryage othyr xxs p'vydyd be my sayd feoffeys o'r that remyt my sayd granntes un to my sayd sones in maner & be fore wryttyn I wyll that my sayd feoffeys schall lett & grawnt un to ye sayd Issabell my wyfe & her assignes An Annuell rent or Annuite of viiis A yere duryng All the rest of hyr lyfe goyng yerely owt of All my Sayd landes & tenements iiii timys of the yere to be payd wth clause of distresse And hyt schall be lesefull for the sayd Issabell my Wyfe to Charge none of my sones wyth her Annuite but he yt hys landes be most in valowre hys landes be chargyd yr Aftr And ewych of my sayd sones to be charged After ___ More over yf hyt happe Any of Thomas & Willia' my sayd sonnes to dye A fore their Full Age of xxi yers wth owt heyrs of her body lawfully begotten hys parte that so dyethe to remayne un to wiche of my sayd sonnes so ever lyvethe yf bothe my sayd sonnes dey A Fore the sayd Age of xxi yerys wth owt heyrs of her body lawfully be goten that yan that all my sayde landes And tenements Wyth all their app'tnces schall be delivryd un to the sayd Alson my dawghtr Att her Full Age of xxi yers in Fe sympyll my wyfe havyng here Annuite in maner And Forme A fore wryttyn Itm yf hytt happy' bothe my sayd sonnes & my sayd dawghtr to dey A fore the sayde full Age of xxi yers wth owt heyres of therer bodyes lawfully be goten That yen I wyll yt All my sayd landes & tenements lying in Tudele Callyd Judds be sold be my sayd feoffeys by the best pryse And the money ther of owyng to be payd un to the hands of my Sayd feoffeys And to be distributed ther of to Agnes my Systr xxs And to Ewych of my o'r sustres vis viiid The Resydew to be dysposyd to the chirche workys of Pepynb'ry And o'r good dedys of charyte be the goode discret'on of my sayd feoffeys And I wyll also that ye sayd Isabell my wyfe And her assignes Schall have than duryng All her lyfe All my landes & Tenem'ts lying in pepynb'ry And ate her deth to be sold by my feoffeys by the best pryse And the money ye of owyng to be payd un to the handys of my sayd feoffeys & xiiiis ther of to the werkys moste necessarry of the churche of pepynb'ry And xls to the chirche werkes of Tudele The Residue of the sayd money to be dysposyd in dedys of charyte by the gode discret'on of my sayd feoffeys for the helthe of my Sowle And all my parents Soules These witnessyng John Byne Richard Rayne John Schenefeld And oyer---
Will of Thomas Amherst