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Will of Thomas Alchin

of West Malling, Kent


Source: Prerogative Court of Canterbury, PROB 11/561, 1717
Transcribed by Steve Green
More about Thomas Allchin
In the name of God Amen I Thomas Alchin the Elder of West Malling in the County of Kent Yeoman being in good health and of sound and perfect mind memory and understanding (praised be Almighty God) therefore I do this present fourteenth day of April in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and seventeen make ordain and declare this my last Will and Testament in manner and form following (that is to say)

Imprimis I give and devise all and every my messuage lands tenements and hereditaments with their appurtenances situate lying and being in West Malling aforesaid and East Malling in the said County of Kent unto my two sons Nicholas and John Alchin by my now wife Dorothy and unto such after born son or sons of my body on her the said Dorothy begotten (if any) equally to be divided between them and their heirs lawfully issuing at their respective age and ages of one and twenty years and for default of such heirs of the bodies of my said sons Nicholas and John Alchin respectively and of such after born son or sons (if any) I give and devise all and every my said messuage lands tenements and hereditaments with their appurtenances unto my two daughters Dorothy and Ann Alchin by my now wife Dorothy and unto such after born daughter or daughters of my body on her the said Dorothy begotten (if any) equally to be divided between them and their heirs provided always nevertheless and my mind and will is that my said messuage lands tenements and hereditaments shall be charged with and liable unto the several annuities or yearly and other rent charge or payments legacies and sums of money hereinafter by me given bequeathed and devised out of and charged upon the same in manner hereinafter mentioned

Item I give and devise unto my daughter Elizabeth Tong wife of William Tong for and during the natural life of her mother in law Ann Tong one annuity or yearly rent charge of five pounds and four shillings of lawful money of Great Britain to be issuing going forth payable and paid out of all and every my said messuage lands tenements and hereditaments tax free by quarterly payments (viz) at Michaelmas Christmas Lady Day and Midsummer the first payment thereof to begin and be made at the first of the said feasts or days of payment which shall next happen after my decease And I do hereby appoint my son Thomas Alchin and my friend Edward Sedgwick and their heirs to receive and take the said annuity or yearly rent charge of five pounds and four shillings upon trust and confident and to the intent and purposes that my said son Thomas and the said Edward Sedgwick and their heirs shall and may during the natural life of her said mother in law Ann Tong pay out and dispose of the same and every part thereof not unto the said William Tong the husband of my said daughter Elizabeth to his Executors Administrators or Assigns or to any other person or persons for his use or by his order or appointment but unto the proper hands of my said daughter Elizabeth or for her separate use or benefit as they the said Trustees or the survivor of them his heirs and assigns shall in their or his discretion from time to time think fitting or most for the benefit and good of my said daughter Elizabeth by weekly payments only of two shillings per week and not otherwise and so as and provided always that the same annuity or yearly rent charge or any part thereof may not be subject or liable to the control (?) debts forfeitures assignments or encumbrances of my said son in law William Tong And of the said annuity or yearly rent charge of five pounds and four shillings or any part thereof shall be behind or unpaid by the space of one and twenty days next after any of the said days of payment on which the same ought to be paid as aforesaid it shall and may be lawful to and for my said son Thomas and the said Edward Sedgwick and the survivor of them his heirs and assigns to enter and distrain upon the said messuage lands tenements and hereditaments or any part thereof so as aforesaid charges with the same and the distress or distresses then and there found to take drive carry away impound detain and keep until the said annuity and all arrears thereof and all costs and charges by reason or means of such distress or distresses shall be fully satisfied and paid

Item I give and bequeath unto my said two daughters Dorothy and Ann the sum of fifty pounds apiece to be paid unto them severally at their respective ages of one and twenty years if they shall so long live but not otherwise provided further and my mind and will is that if there shall happen to be any other daughter or daughters of my body on the body of my said wife Dorothy begotten which shall attain to her or their respective age or ages of one and twenty years That then and in such case I do hereby give unto such after born daughter the sum of fifty pounds if more the sum of fifty pounds apiece provided further also and if it shall happen that if either of my said daughters Dorothy and Ann or such after born daughter or daughters (if any) shall happen to die before she or they shall attain to her or their respective age or ages of one and twenty years that then and in such case I do hereby will order and appoint that the said portion or sum of fifty pounds of her that shall so die shall go to the other of them then living (if one) if more equally to be divided between them And my mind and will is that my said messuage lands tenements and hereditaments shall stand and be charged with and liable unto the payment of such legacies or portions into and for such daughters in case the same shall not or cannot be raised and paid by and out of my personal estate or the ways and means hereinafter directed and appointed

Item I do hereby give and bequeath unto my said wife Dorothy and do will order and appoint that she shall have receive and take the rents issues and profits of all and every my said messuage lands tenements and hereditaments until my said sons Nicholas and John shall respectively attain his or their respective age or ages of one and twenty years or until they would have respectively attained such age if they had lived in case they and such after born son or sons (if any) shall all die before they or any of them shall attain such age or ages for and towards the maintenance of herself and my said sons and daughters Nicholas John Dorothy and Ann and of such after born child or children (if any) and for and towards payment of the interest money or debt due and to be due upon a mortgage by me made of the said messuage lands tenements and hereditaments subject nevertheless to the said annuity or rent charge before by me given and devised out of and charged upon the same provided that she my said wife Dorothy shall so long live and continue my widow but if she die or marry again Then and from thenceforth in either of those cases I do hereby give and bequeath unto my said friend Edward Sedgwick and John Miller of Addington in the said County of Kent Yeoman and do will order and appoint that they shall have receive and take the rents issues and profits of all and every my said messuage lands tenements and hereditaments until my said sons Nicholas and John and such after born son or sons (if any) shall respectively attain his or their respective age or ages of one and twenty years or until my said sons Nicholas and John and such after born son or sons (if any) shall all die before they or any of them respectively shall attain such age or ages in Trust for and towards maintenance of my said sons and daughters Nicholas John Dorothy and Ann and of such after born child or children (if any) and for and towards payment of the interest money or debt due or to be due upon the mortgage by me made of the said messuage lands tenements and hereditaments (subject nevertheless to the said annuity or rent charge by me given and devised out of and charges upon the same) And the overplus of such rents issues and profits (if any) to be applied for and towards raising my said daughters portions and for and towards payment of the principal money due and owing upon the said mortgage provided also always and my mind will and meaning is that if my said wife Dorothy shall live and continue my widow until my said sons Nicholas and John and such after born son or sons (if any) shall respectively attain his age or their age or ages of one and twenty years or until my said sons Nicholas and John would have attained such age or ages (in case they and such after born son or sons (if any) shall all die before they or any of them shall attain such age or ages) then and in such case my said wife shall have and receive And I do hereby give and devise unto her from thenceforth one annuity or yearly rent charge of ten pounds of lawful money of Great Britain to be issuing going forth and payable and paid out of all and every my said messuage or tenements lands and hereditaments unto her my said wife Dorothy yearly and every year for and during the term of her natural life (if she continue my widow but not otherwise) by quarterly payments tax free (viz) at Michaelmas Christmas Lady Day and Midsummer the first payment thereof to begin and be made at the first of the said days of payment which shall next happen after my decease provided further also and if it shall happen that my said sons Nicholas and John and such after born son or sons (if any) shall all happen to die before they shall attain their respective age or ages of one and twenty years That then and in such case I do hereby give and devise unto her my said wife Dorothy one other annuity or yearly rent charge of ten pounds of lawful money of Great Britain by quarterly payments tax free And if it shall happen the said annuity or annuities or yearly rent charge of ten pounds and ten pounds or any part thereof shall be behind or unpaid by the space of one and twenty days next after any of the said days of payment on which the same ought to be paid as aforesaid It shall and may be lawful to and for the said Dorothy my wife or her assigns at any time during such her widowhood to enter and distrain upon the said messuage lands tenements and hereditaments or any part thereof and the distress and distresses then and there found to take lead drive carry away impound detain and keep until the said annuity or annuities or yearly rent charge and all arrears thereof and all costs and charges by reason or means of such distress or distresses shall be fully satisfied contented and paid

Item I give and bequeath unto my said wife Dorothy all my goods household stuff plate and linen whatsoever to be by her given and disposed of to and amongst my said children of her body as she in her discretion shall think most fitting (except what shall be convenient for her own use which I desire she may have to her own use during her natural life)

Item I give and bequeath unto my said son Thomas Alchin and my son Henry Alchin and my said daughter Elizabeth Tong one guinea apiece to buy them rings

Item I give and bequeath unto my said wife Dorothy and unto the said Edward Sedgwick and John Miller their Executors Administrators and Assigns all the residue and remainder of the term which shall be to come and unexpired after my decease of and in my hop grounds in the parish of Leybourne which I have now in lease upon Trust and Confidence and to the intent and purpose that they or the survivors or survivor of them his or her Executors Administrators or Assigns shall and may pay and apply the proceed and profit of or from the said hop grounds arising for and towards payment and discharge of the said money or debt which is or then shall be owing (after all necessary charges or expenses are deducted) upon the said mortgage by me made of my said messuage lands tenements and hereditaments in West Malling and East Malling aforesaid and the overplus of such proceeds and profit (if any) after the said money or debt owing on mortgage as aforesaid shall be paid off and discharged to be paid and applied for and towards the better support and maintenance of my said wife and her said children and at the end of the said term all and every the stock of hop poles of or upon the said hop grounds to be sold and applied for and towards the purposes aforesaid and also all the rest and residue of my chattels stock cattle and personal estate whatsoever I give and bequeath unto my said wife Dorothy and unto the said Edward Sedgwick and John Miller upon trust to be sold and the moneys thereby arising to be paid and applied for and towards payment in the first place of all and every my debts which I shall owe at the time of my decease 9other than and except the said debt due on mortgage as aforesaid) and my funeral charges and the overplus thereof (if any) after my said other debts and funeral charges are paid and discharged to be paid and applied for and towards payment of the said debt due and owing upon the said mortgage as aforesaid

Item I do hereby make ordain and appoint my said wife Dorothythe said Edward Sedgwick and John Miller Executrix and Executors of this my last Will and Testament and desire them to see the same performed and fulfilled and I do hereby give and bequeath unto them the said Edward Sedgwick and John Miller twenty shillings apiece to buy them rings to wear in remembrance of me and I do appoint that they and every of them shall and may deduct unto themselves and be indemnified by and out of the goods and premises aforesaid all costs charges and expenses which they or any of them shall lay out sustain or be put unto for or by reason or on acount of the Trusts or Executorship before mentioned or otherwise concerning the premises provided always and further my mind and will is that if my said wife Dorothy shall hereafter marry again that then and from thenceforth the Trust power and Executorship before herein given to or vested in her shall cease and determine as to her and that then and in such case she shall be no longer a Trustee or Executrix to or for any the purposes aforesaid nor shall take or receive any benefit or advantage by from or by virtue of the said Trusts or Executorship or any of them And I do hereby revoke all former wills by me heretofore made and I do declare this present writing contained in these six sheets of paper to be my last Will and Testament in witness whereof I have hereunto and to each sheet thereof set my hand and seal the day and year in the first sheet first mentioned Thos Alchin Signed sealed oublished and declared by the said Thomas Alchin the Testator to be his last Will and Testament in the presence of us who subscribed our names as witnesses hereunto in the presence of him the said Thomas Alchin the Testator
Lydia Chapman Sarah Taylor Will Waldish(?)

Probate was granted to Dorothy Alchin Edward Sedgwick and Thomas Miller at London by the Prerogative Court of Canterbury on 13th December 1717 (in Latin)

{Inventory of personal property worth 568}


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Will of Thomas Alchin
Created by Maureen Rawson