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Thomas Rose of Wilberforce

Appendix 12a:
Biography of Thomas Rose of Wilberforce, “Bellona” and his family tree 

    ROSE, THOMAS (1749?-1833), farmer, was born at Blandford, Dorset, England. There he married Jane Topp, who bore him three sons and one daughter before 1792. In August that year, as the result of repeated requests by Governor Phillip for the dispatch of intelligent and experienced farmers, Thomas Rose and his family together with four other free settlers sailed in the Bellona for New South Wales. Rose and his companions were the first free and independent settlers to reach Australia. They arrived in Sydney on 16 th January 1793, when David Collins noted that Rose was 'the most respectable of these people, and apparently the best calculated for a bona-fide settler'. The new arrivals chose land about seven miles west of Sydney, which they called Liberty Plains, now the Strathfield-Homebush district, where Rose received first 80 and later 120 acres. Why they settled there is uncertain, for the soil was poor, and without manure was quickly exhausted, but possibly Lieut. Governor Francis Grose Paterson (q.v.) wanted to establish settlement between Sydney and Parramatta for the safety and convenience of the travelling public. Rose soon decided that they had made a hasty and

 bad choice of situation and according to family records they soon afterwards moved to Prospect, where, he was made an overseer in charge of the government farm and stock, and where his second daughter, Sarah, was born. He appears to have stayed at Prospect for some twelve years. He and his family then moved to more fertile lands along the Hawkersbrey River where they purchased the 30-acre grant of William Mackay near the later-named Wilberforce, which Grose began to settle in 1794. There he spent the rest of his life and became a well-known and highly respected figure, surrounded by a growing army of descendants. A son and a daughter had been born in the colony. He died on 15 November 1833 and was buried in the cemetery of St John's, Wilberforce. His wife, who predeceased him in 1827 was, according to the Sydney Gazette, the first woman to attain the status of great-grandmother in the colony since its establishment.  

Quiet, homely, unassuming and industrious, Thomas Rose belonged to that humble band of men, who in a rough and licentious age, helped to lay the foundations of ordered social life in a new country.

HRA (1), 2-6; D. Collins, An account of the English colony in New South Wales, 1-2 (Lond, 1798-1802); J. F. Campbell, 'The dawn of rural settlement in Australia;  IRAHS, 11 (1925); Windsor and Richmond Gazette, 21 Aug 1925; MS cat under T. Rose (mt).           

 ARTHUR McMARTIN - From the Australian Dictionary of Biography, General Editor - Douglas Pike

Thomas & Jane Rose from Dorset, The first family of free settlers in NSW:  

The first 3 generations: 

Thomas Rose b. 1749, Blandford, Dorset, bapt. 24.11.1754, Blandford, Dorset, (s/o Christopher Rose & Mary Belbin) occupation Farmer, m . Jane Topp,  3.4.1757, (daughter of Thomas & Mary Topp) d. 20.12.1827.  Thomas died 15.11.1833. 

·    Thomas Rose b. 1779, Dorset, England, m. (1) 24.5.1800, in Sydney, Jane Jones, b. 1779, (daughter of  Elizabeth Jones) d. 29.8.1849, buried: Wollongong, and 1812, Ann Crew, b. 23.3.1796,  10.4.1796, Sydney, (daughter of William Crew and Mary Cassidy) d. 1857,  de facto relationship with Thomas. 

1. Thomas Rose (son of Thomas Rose and Jane Jones) b. 1801.

2.   William Rose (son of Thomas Rose and Jane Jones) b. 2.5.1802, m. 13.1.1840, Bridget Neal, b. 12.1.1810.  William died 26.5.1845.

3.   Sarah Rose (daughter of Thomas Rose and Ann Crew) b. 11.7.1813, d. 15.12.1813.

4.   Mary Ann Rose (daughter of Thomas Rose and Ann Crew) b. 00.08.1815,  d. 23.10.1815.

5.  John Rose (son of Thomas Rose and Ann Crew) b. 26.9.1816, d. 28.2.1835.

6.   Elizabeth Mary Ann Rose (daughter of Thomas Rose and Ann Crew) b.22.11.1818,  St Matthews, Windsor, m. 5.5.1840, in Macquarie School William John Cobcroft, b. 9.4.1818, Wilberforce, (son of Richard William Cobcroft and Charlotte Smith) d. 1879, Wollombi.  Elizabeth died 19.12.1908, buried: Wollombi.

7.   George William Rose (son of Thomas Rose and Ann Crew) b. 9.9.1820, m. (1) Ann Holms/Randell, m. (2) 1856, Elizabeth  Palmer/Rodgers. George died 19.9.1901, Freemans Reach.

8.   Joseph Rose (son of Thomas Rose and Ann Crew) b. 1822, m. 1854, Alice Esther Graham, b. 9.9.1834, (daughter of Thomas Graham and Maria Hodgetts) d. 11.3.1893.  Joseph died 1861.

9.   Mary Ann Rose (daughter of Thomas Rose and Ann Crew) b. 1824, m. 1850, William Matthias Graham, b. 31.3.1825, (son of Thomas Graham and Maria Hodgetts) d. 29.7.1855.  Mary died 1907.

10. Richard Rose (son of Thomas Rose and Ann Crew) b. 12.8.1826, Wilberforce, m. 28.09.1848, in Wilberforce, Rosanna Richardson, b. 8.02.1814, Wilberforce, (daughter of Anthony Richardson and Susannah Cross) d. 21.10.1892, buried: St Johns Wilberforce.  Richard died  09.10.1901.

11. Keziah Jane Rose (daughter of Thomas Rose and Ann Crew) b. 14.12.1827, d. 10.10.1828.

12. James Lionel Rose (son of Thomas Rose and Ann Crew) b. 11.9.1829,  Wilberforce, m. 30.12.1856, in St Thomas's Church Sackville, Isabella Elizabeth Cross, b. 25.1.1838, Windsor, (daughter of Elizabeth Stallard). James died 24.3.1893, Wilberforce.

13. Maria Rose (daughter of Thomas Rose and Ann Crew) b. 18.12.1831, m.  28.2.1853, in St Johns Wilberforce, George Stewart, (son of Duncan Stewart and -) d. 15.3.1903,  of Typhoid.  Maria died 20.4.1916, buried: Tamworth Cemetery.

14. Charlotte Rose (daughter of Thomas Rose and Ann Crew) b. 28.11.1833, m. (1) 24.9.1856, James Flannery, b.1829, d. 3.2.1857, Windsor Catholic Cemetery,  ni, m. (2) 22.06.1858, Richard Carter, occupation Blacksmith. Charlotte died 13.1.1886, buried: Wilberforce.

15. Charles Rose (son of Thomas Rose and Ann Crew) b. 25.5.1836, Wilberforce, m. 18.1.1859, in Gunee Station, Reedy Creek, Mary Ann Green, b. 18.12.1837, Bingara, (daughter of William Green and Rosanna Richardson) d. 22.9.1912.  Charles died 28.5.1911, buried: St Johns  Wilberforce.

16. Catherine Rose (daughter of Thomas Rose and Ann Crew) b. 15.12.1838, d. 4.1.1839. 

·    Mary Rose b. 00.03.1782, Sturminster, Newton, England,  bap. 28.4.1782, m. (1) 15.2.1800, in St Phillips, Sydney,  Witness: Jane Rose, Richard Evans, William Green, b. 1774, Devon, England, occupation Miller, d. 22.3.1806, St James Wilberforce, m. (2) 9.12.1807, in St Johns, Parramatta, Henry Murray, d. 12.12.1812, Wilberforce, m. (3) 13.6.1814, in Rose Cottage, Wilberforce, James Singleton, b. 1777, London,England, (son of William Singleton and Hannah Parkinson) d. 29.3.1849, Lower Hawkesbury, buried: Laughtondale Cem, Wiseman's Ferry.  Mary died 25.1.1838, Wilberforce, buried: St Johns Wilberforce.

1.   Elizabeth Green (daughter of William Green and Mary Rose) b. 21.7.1801, Hawkesbury, m.11.5.1818, in St Matthews, Windsor, Richard Kelly, b. 30.3.1800, Parramatta, (son of James Kelly and Mary Langan) occupation Captain, d. 31.10.1878, Parramatta, buried: Waverley Cemetery.  Elizabeth died 20.7.1870, Macdonald River, buried: Laughtondale Cem, Wiseman's Ferry.

2.   Thomas Green (son of William Green and Mary Rose) b. 10.7.1803, Hawkesbury, occupation Farmer, m. 22.6.1829, Sarah Douglas, b.

22.8.1810, Hawkesbury, (daughter of William George Douglass and Mary Anne Cross) d. 23.2.1892, buried: Rookwood.  Thomas died 24.10.1880, Glebe, Campbell Street, buried:Rookwood.

3.   William Green (son of William Green and Mary Rose) b. 8.5.1805, Hawkesbury, m. 1828, inSackville, Rosanna Richardson, b. 8.2.1814,

Wilberforce, (daughter of Anthony Richardson and Susannah Cross) d. 21.10.1892, buried: St Johns Wilberforce.  William died 18.12.1846, Wilberforce, buried: Wilberforce.

4.   James Singleton (son of James Singleton and Mary Rose) b. 17.10.1814, Wilberforce, m. 12.5.1851, in Rose Cottage, Sarah Rose, b. 01.11.1825,

(daughter of Joshua Rose and Ann Hacket) d. 30.8.1908,  ni.  James died 3.11.1890, Balmain.

5.   Joseph Singleton (son of James Singleton and Mary Rose) b. 10.11.1816, Wilberforce, d. 17.8.1866, buried: Laughtondale  Cem.

6.   Henry Singleton (son of James Singleton and MaryRose) b. 1818, Wilberforce, m. 1853, Elizabeth Watkins, b. 15.7.1825, Sussex Street Sydney (daughter of Thomas Watkins and Sarah Lewis) d. 2.8.1919, buried: Greengrove, Mangrove Creek. Henry died 23.4.1892, buried: Laughtondale Cem.

7.   John Thomas Singleton (son of James Singleton and Mary Rose) b. 1.6.1822, Wilberforce, m. 1853, Mary Ann Douglass, b. 10.6.1836,

Hawkesbury River, (daughter of William Douglas and Jane Wright) d. 2.1.1926, Woy Woy, buried: Point Clare.  John died 4.9.1874, buried: Laughtondale Cem.

·    Joshua Rose b. 1783, Dorset England, bap. 1.02.1784, Parish Church, Lydlinch, Dorset, m. 29.10.1810, in St Matthews, Windsor, Ann Hacket, b. 12.7.1794,  24.8.1794, St Phillips, (daughter of John Hackett and Mary Ann Dunbar) d. 14.2.1862.  Joshua died 31.01.1862, 14 William St, Balmain, buried: St Stephens cem, Church St, Camperdown.

1.   Elizabeth Rose b. 1817, m. 1839, Henry Gardner, b. 1818, (son of Edward Gardner and Mary Boulton) d. 19.12.1868.  Elizabeth died 1898.

2.   Thomas Rose b. 1819, m. 9.8.1841, in Wisemans Ferry, Margaret Chaseling, b. 1823, (daughter of John Chaseling and Ann Everingham) d. 25.6.1903.Thomas died 1903, buried: Old Methodist Cem Rookwood.

3.   Mary Ann Rose b. 23.11.1821, Wilberforce, m. 9.8.1841, in C of E Lower Hawkesbury, John Chaseling, b. 9.7.1821, Portland Head, (son of John Chaseling and Ann Everingham) d. 16.10.1884, Grafton, buried: Grafton.  Mary died 7.11.1893, Grafton, buried: Grafton.

4.   Sarah Rose b. 1.11.1825, m. 12.5.1851, in Rose Cottage, James Singleton, b. 17.10.1814, Wilberforce, (son of James Singleton and Mary Rose) d. 3.11.1890, Balmain.  Sarah died 30.8.1908,  ni.

5.   William Henry Rose b. 1829, m. 27.12.1853, in Wiseman's Ferry, Jane Greentree, b. 8.5.1835, (daughter of George Greentree and Mary Ann Douglass) d. 8.5.1919, Stanmore.  William died 1906, Hercules St, Chatswood.

6.   Louisa Rose b. 4.4.1834, Wiseman's Ferry, m. 12.5.1851, in St Albans, Edward Gardner, b.26.9.1822, (son of Edward Gardner and Mary Boulton) d. 22.1.1878.  Louisa died 1.10.1922, buried: Rookwood.

·    John Rose b. 1.6.1788, England, d. England.

·    Richard Rose b. 1789, Lydlinch Dorset England, bap. 31.1.1790, Australia, m. 18.8.1817, in St Matthews C of E Windsor, Susannah Cross, b. 1792, Wilberforce, (daughter of Charles Cross and Rose Hannah Flood) d. 1872.  Richard died 29.10.1872, Scone.

1.   Elizabeth Rose b. 4.4.1817, Wilberforce, d.12.3.1826.

2.   Richard Rose b. 14.12.1817, Wilberforce,26.7.1817, St Matthews, Windsor, occupation Farmer, Goldminer, m. 4.2.1845, in Presbyterian Church, Hawkesbury, Jane Gardiner, (daughter of John Gardiner and Mary Hastings). Richard died 22.11.1887, Coburg Victoria,

3.   Thomas Rose b. 1.8.1820, Wilberforce, occupation Blacksmith, m. 18.8.1845, in St Mary Magdalene Church St Albans, Louise Perkins, b. 29.8.1830, Macdonald River,  26.9.1830, (daughter of William Perkins and Lucy Holland). Thomas died 18.8.1898, Lismore.

4.   Jane Rose b. 22.6.1823, Wilberforce, d. 28.6.1836, buried: St Johns Wilberforce.

5.   Sarah Rose b. 1824.

6.   Henry Christopher Rose b. 11.12.1825, Wilberforce, occupation Farmer, m. 26.1.1852, in Anglican Church St Albans, Sarah Lydia Jane Perkins, (daughter of William Perkins and Lucy Holland) d. 7.7.1904, Murwillumbah.  Henry died 24.10.1898, Murwillumbah.

7.   Mary Ann Rose b. 11.12.1825, Hawkesbury, d. 14.9.1828, buried: Laughtondale.

8.   Susannah Rose b. 22.7.1828, Hawkesbury, m. 18.4.1852, in St Albans, McDonald River, David Gardiner, b. 1832, Liverpool, (son of John Gardiner and Mary Hastings) occupation Gold Digger, d. 10.4.1919, Singleton.  Susannah died  4.8.1898, Darlinghurst NSW, buried: Rookwood.

9.   Joshua Rose b. 1829, Macdonald River, d. 1829, Laughtondale Cem.

10. James Rose b. 1831, Portland Head,  23.10.1831, Presbyterian Church Portland Head, m. 1855, Catherine Pintox, b. 1840, Mangrove Creek, (daughter of Emanuel Pintox and Elizabeth Butler) d. 21.7.1914, Tamworth.

11. Elizabeth Rosaline Rose b. 21.1.1834, Wilberforce, m. 21.1.1853, in St Albans, Macdonald River, Robert Gardiner, b.1833, Monckton Ayr Scotland, (son of John Gardiner and Mary Hastings) occupation Sawyer, d. 18.2.1913, Mudgee.  Elizabeth died 25.1.1909, Mudgee.

12. Jane Rose b. 2.7.1836.

13. Izetta Rose b. 12.2.1839, Wilberforce,  c. 3.3.1839, St Johns Wilberforce, m. 29.4.1861, in Singleton, Charles Henry McIntosh, b. 1840, Langs Farm, Williams River NSW, (son of Peter McIntosh and Margaret Johnston) occupation Sawyer, d. 26.6.1881, Cobar.  Izetta died 7.7.1903, Quirindi NSW.

John Rose b. 4.7.1793, Liberty Plains, m. 21.3.1825, in St Matthews Windsor, Mary Lyons, b. 1809, d. 31.1.1896, Bingara Cemetery.  John died 8.7.1848, Wilberforce.

1.   John Thomas Rose b. 1825, Wilberforce, d. 30.10.1825.

2.   Joshua John Rose b. 15.1.1826, Wilberforce, m. 3.3.1847, Elizabeth Winton, b. 2.5.1826, Wilberforce, (daughter of James Winton and Mary Ann Leeson). Joshua died 12.11.1896, Warialda.

3.   Eleanor Rose b. 15.4.1827, m. (1) 1850, George Hammond, m. (2) 1860, George Alexander Single, b. 10.1.1828, Castlereagh, (son of John Single)

4.   d. 17.10.1883, buried: Tamworth.  Eleanor died 8.2.1888, Tamworth.

5.   Rebecca Jane Rose b. 5.9.1829, d. 01.8.1919, Scone,  um.

6.   Jemima Rose b. 5.9.1831, m. 1856, John Skinner.  Jemima died 1935.

7.   Simon Rose b. 5.4.1833, Wilberforce, m. 1864, Kate Alice Kelso.  Simon died 25.5.1910, Bingara.

8.   Silas William Rose b. 17.6.1835, Wilberforce, m. 1863, Mary Ann Baker, daughter of William Baker and Mary Ann Raycraft). Silas died 1.2.1918, buried: Scone.

9.   Henry Rose b. 1.1.1838,  um.

10. Thomas Rose b. 10.5.1840, Wilberforce, m. 1872, Jane McTaggart. George White Rose b. 26.9.1841, Wilberforce, m. (1) 1865, Sophie Annie Carpenter, b. 1848, Wiltshire England.  George died 4.4.1912, Bingara, buried: Bingara.

11. Phoebe Mary Ann Rose b. 4.12.1843, Wilberforce, m. 1883, George Bennett.  Phoebe  ni.

12. Melba Prudence Rose b. 14.08.1845, m. 1871, Edward B Lumley.

13. Charles Arnold Rose b. 5.3.1848, Wilberforce, d. 21.9.1848, buried: Wilberforce.

·    Sarah Rose b. 24.7.1795, Sydney, m. 1813, Henry Buttsworth, b. 1791, occupation Butcher, d. 17.12.1853, Hawkesbury.  Sarah died 4.07.1869, Wilberforce.


1.   Susannah Buttsworth b. 13.9.1814, Wilberforce, m. 1836, John Bennett, b. 1804, Bath, Somerset, occupation Farmer, d. 18.7.1882, Ebenezer.

Susannah died 4.2.1894, Wilberforce.

2.   William Buttsworth b. 26.3.1816, Wilberforce, m. 9.05.1850, Margaret Ridge, b. 06.02.1829, (daughter of Richard Ridge and Margaret Forrester) d. 21.9.1906.  William died 25.6.1876, buried: Wilberforce.

3.   Elizabeth Jane Buttsworth b. 6.11.1819, m. 23.05.1837, Henry Richardson, b. 19.10.1815, (son of Henry Richardson and Elizabeth Nowland) occupation Blacksmith.

4.   Henry Buttsworth b. 24.1.1822, m. 1844, Matilda Cobcroft, b. 22.5.1826, Wilberforce, (daughterof Richard William Cobcroft and Charlotte Smith) d. 15.12.1885, buried: Wilberforce.  Henry died 5.1.1900.

5.   John Buttsworth b. 6.5.1824, m. 1847, Priscilla Anne Jones, b. 1827, (daughter of James Jones and Charlotte Jones) d. 19.4.1897.  John died 29.7.1876, buried: Wilberforce.

6.   Richard William Buttsworth b. 21.7.1826, m. 1855, Sophia Isabella Cavanough, b. 28.4.1833, (daughter of James Cavanough and Esther Huxley) d. 18.7.1894.  Richard died 30.7.1900, buried: Wilberforce.

7.   Sarah Ann Buttsworth b. 5.6.1828, m. 1.11.1854, in Wilberforce, James R Nixon, b. 1830, (son of Robert Nixon and Sarah Ann Ridley) d. 4.1.1883. Sarah died 20.6.1908, buried: Wallambah.

8.   George Thomas Buttsworth b. 31.1.1831, m. 1870, Ann Holland.  George died 1910.

9.   James Rose Buttsworth b. 30.10.1833, m. 1862, Maria Salter.  James died 2.4.1902, buried: Wilberforce.

10. Josiah Buttsworth b. 30.3.1836, m. (1) 1856, Ann Cavanough, b. 10.3.1839, (daughter of James Cavanough and Esther Huxley) d. 3.8.1866, m. (2) Mary Ann Wheeler.  Josiah died 12.11.1914, buried: Wilberforce.

11. Matthew Buttsworth b. 4.11.1838, d. 8.11.1838.

12. Mark Buttsworth b. 4.11.1838, d. 08.11.1838.

13. Mary Ann Buttsworth b. 11.8.1840, m. (1) 1861, Richard Henry Alway, d. 1881, m. (2) 14.4.1888, in Redfern, John Ruprecht.

 ·    Henry Rose b. 26.7.1797, Sydney, occupation Mounted Police, d. 24.12.1849, Warialda.

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