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 Ralls County
Organized November 16, 1820, (effective January 1, 1821) from Pike County and named for Daniel Ralls, Missouri legislator.

County Seat: New London

Address:

Ralls County
P.O. Box 444
New London, MO 63459

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History
The first courthouse for Ralls County, completed in 1822 and located west of the present courthouse site, was a two-story, log structure, 24 by 18 feet. The first floor contained the jail and a dungeon; the courtroom occupied the second floor.

For the second seat of justice the court moved to the present site because it had better drainage and roads. The second courthouse was built in 1835 by Samuel Mayhall and Richard S. Howard with funds from private subscription. The courtroom, with brick floor, occupied the first floor of the two-story, 50-foot-square courthouse. Offices were on the second floor.

As the third and present courthouse went up in 1858, the court ordered the former courthouse sold. Mayhall bought the structure for $175 and received instructions to move it within eight months.

In March 1857 Ralls County judges appointed a building committee and requested a plan, cost estimate and list of suggested material for the new courthouse. The county attorney, Henry C. Wellman, drew the plans and specifications; Nathan S. Dimmitt shared responsibility for the specifications. Two handbooks were consulted: Thomas Tredgold, Modern Builders Guide, 1833. [Mrs. Oliver Howard, Ralls county, Missouri (Privately printed, 1958), p. 2. This work contains the most complete history of Ralls County courthouses.] Both authors wrote several books that contained practical reference material designed to assist builders in basic skills.

The court first appropriated $8,000. Final costs amounted to about $18,000. The court awarded the building contract for $16,400 to Francis Kidwell, who then subcontracted. Three building superintendents were appointed; one resigned, and the court dismissed another. The court accepted the building in 1859 from contractor Kidwell, although interior finishing continued for several months.

Walls of the courthouse are made from locally quarried limestone; the columns are plastered, and the pediment and cornice are of wood. Interior woodwork is hand-crafted. The courtroom, noted for its acoustical quality, is on the second floor. Because of relatively few alterations the interior maintains the integrity of the original design.

To accommodate needs of the growing county, Arthur Hogg designed an addition in 1935, funded in part by the federal Public Works Administration project. The two-story addition, 104 by 42 feet, was made of stone that had come from the abutments and middle pier of an old toll bridge over the Salt River. Total cost of the project was about $25,000; federal funds amounted to $15,490.

In 1938 James P. Jamieson and George Spearl, St. Louis architects, re-created the facade of the courthouse for the entrance of the Missouri buildings at the New York World's Fair and the Golden Gate International Exposition in San Francisco, both in 1939. According to one commentator, it was the only exhibition of states' buildings at the New York fair that challenged the imagination without great expenditure or extensive grounds.

Ralls County's courthouse, now listed on the National Register of Historic Places, is one of two 19th century Missouri temple-type courthouses still in use as the official county building. The other, in Lafayette County, dates from 1847.

Copyright 2002 University of Missouri. Published by University Extension, University of Missouri-Columbia.

Additional History
Ralls County Courthouse and Jail-Sheriff's House *** (added 1972 - Building - #72000728)
Courthouse Sq., New London
Historic Significance: Event, Architecture/Engineering
Architect, builder, or engineer: Unknown
Architectural Style: Greek Revival
Area of Significance: Law, Architecture
Period of Significance: 1850-1874
Owner: Local Gov't
Ralls County Courthouse - Article in Hannibal Courier Post Newspaper
Records at Courthouse

Recorder of Deeds: Index to deeds, 1821-1891; Deed records, 1821-1895; Quitclaim deeds, 1872-1889; Deeds of trust, 1877-1881; Plat book, 1800; Index to marriage records, 1821-1919; Marriage records, 1821-1924; Marriage contracts, 1818-1893.

Clerk of the County Court: Register of births and stillbirths, 1883-1893; Register of deaths, 1883-1886.

Clerk of the Circuit Court: Circuit court records, 1821-1887.

Clerk of the Probate Court: Probate records, 1821-1889; Administra≠torís/executorís letters, bonds and records, 1850-1906; Inventories, appraisements and sale bills, 1855-1864 and 1872-1889; Settlement record, 1832-1888; Probate docket, 1869-1887; Record of descendents and heirs, 1900-1914; Will records, 1821-1918.
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