13 Jun 2010
14 June 2010
A naval biographical dictionary:
Volume 1 By William R. O'Byrne - Published 1849 - in London
HIGGINS. (lieutenant, 1814. F-p., 7; H-p., 33.) Thomas Higgins
entered the Navy, 16 May, 1807, as Sec-cl. Vol., on board the Caesar
80, Capt. Chas. Richardson, successive flag-ship of Rear-Admirals
Sir Rich. John Strachan, Hon. Robt. Stopford, and Wm. Albany Otway.
In the course of 1809, previously to which he had made a voyage to
the Mediterranean, we find him assisting in the destruction of three
heavy French frigates under the batteries of Sable d'Olonne, also of
the shipping in Basque Roads, and in the expedition to Flushing. In
April, 1810, he removed with Capt. Richardson to the Semiramis
frigate, and was for upwards of two years employed in that ship on
the Lisbon and Channel stations. During the rest of the war he
served, on the const of North America, in the Ardent 64, Capt. Bell,
and St. Domingo 74, bearing the flag of Sir John Borlase Warren. He
obtained his commission 3 June, 1814; but has not been since,
19 Jul 2009
Source: Worthies of Buckinghamshire
and men of note of that county By Robert Gibbs - 1888
Charles Higgins was son of John Higgins, owner of Clifton
Reynes ; he was educated in the profession of arms; appointed a
cadet in 1799, ensign 1800, in the service of the Honourable Company
of Merchants trading to the East Indies. He was promoted to a
lieutenancy in 1801, and joined the European army in the same year.
He assisted at the capture of the town and fort of Gualior, and,
having been afterwards removed to the 22nd regiment of foot, was in
active service in the Dooaub. In April, 1805, he was on the staff of
Major Thomas Harriott. In June he received some severe wounds in an
unsuccessful attempt upon the fort Toorkaponah, which incapacitated
him for two years, and deprived him of the use of his right arm. He
was present in several subsequent engagements until 1813, when he
was nominated on the judicial line, at the residency at Cheribon. In
November, 1817, he accomplished a forced march to Nagpore, in which
he suffered inexpressible hardships. In December he was Brigadier
Major to the commander of the cavalry at a victory over the enemy in
a very sanguinary battle, in which eighty-seven pieces of cannon
fell into the hands of the Company's troops. Having attained the
rank of Lieutenant-Colonel on the Bengal establishment, this brave
officer revisited his native country, and died at Ashburton, Devon,
in 1828, being succeeded in the Clifton Reynes estate by Thomas
Charles Higgins, Esq., of the same family.
HIGGINS, THEOPHILUS, was born at Chilton ; was son of
Robert Higgins; educated at Thame Grammar School, under Mr.
Harris, its first master, up to the year 1592, when he became a
student of Christ Church. He took his M.A. degree in 1600. Was
appointed chaplain to Dr. Thomas Ravis, Bishop of Gloucester (1605)
and afterwards Bishop of London (1607), but subsequently joined the
Catholic Church, and wrote a remarkable treatise entitled "Detectio
Falsitatis in Doctoribus quibusdam Protestantibus in Controversia de
Purgatorio et Oratione pro mortuis." This book, which is remarkable
as well for its sound learning as for the force of its arguments and
the pointed nature of its comments, created considerable interest
amongst the Oxfordshire clergy, and served to keep alive old
traditions with regard to the departed. Higgins was for a while at
St. Omer's and Rouen, but was afterwards induced to return to the
Church of England. He then became Rector of Hunton, near Maidstone ;
but during the great rebellion, his benefice being sequestered, he
suffered much, and died at Maidstone in 1659.
19 Jul 2009
Source: A new biographical dictionary,
of 3000 cotemporary public characters, British & Foreign, all ranks
and professions. London - 1825
WILLIAM HIGGINS, ESQ.
This gentleman was educated at Pembroke College, Oxford, and is a
member of the Royal Society and Royal Irish Academy, and professor
of chemistry and mineralogy at the Repository of The Dublin Society.
With him seems undoubtedly to have originated that theory of
definite proportions which is usually attributed to Mr. Dalton,
which that gentleman certainly expanded and improved, and which is
now almost universally received by chemists. It was in his "
Comparative View of the Phlogistic and Antiphlogistic Theories, with
Inductions," published in 1789, that Mr. Higgins first brought
forward the doctrine of definite proportions. The attempt to deprive
him of the merit of the discovery has called forth many
animadversions from him, a specimen of which may he found in the "
Philosophical Magazine" for June 1819. Mr. Higgins is also the
author of " An Essay on the Theory and Practice of Bleaching,
wherein Snlphurst of Lime is recommended as a Substitute for
Pot-ash," 1799; and " Experiments and Observations on the Atomic
Theory and Electrical Phenomena," 1814; besides various papers in
the scientific journals.
07 Mar 2009
I would like to post the following on the Higgins Genealogy
I'm looking for some information on a
JOHN HIGGINS, born May 1889; soldier in
first world war
with the UK infantry; after war either worked in a factory
making belts or was a clerk (injury, 3 fingers on
left hand cut
off); WW 2 was either a clerk or factory worker. John died of
influenza at the age of 62. That would mean 1951. In 1951, there was
a big influenza outbreak in
I'm looking to verify these facts for a documentary, so if you have
any information regarding this man, that would be great.
Adam Wanderer adamwanderer AT
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
15 Apr 2008
REGISTER: REVIEW OF PUBLIC EVENTS AT HOME AND ABROAD, FOR THE YEAR
1871. LONDON 1872.
LIEUT-GENERAL HIGGINS. Lieutenant-General Thomas Gordon Higgins,
Colonel Commandant of the Royal Regiment of Artillery, died on June
20,(1871) aged 82.
The deceased officer, who entered the army in 1806, commanded the
Royal Artillery throughout the Syrian campaign, and the British
detachments of the expedition at the bombardment and capture of
Beyrout, on October 9, 1840. He also commanded the Royal Artillery
at the bombardment and capture of St. Jean
d'Acre, on November 3 of the same year. For his
distinguished services he was made brevet lieutenant-colonel in
1841, and had received the war medal with one clasp for Syria; the
Turkish gold medal; the diamond order, Nisham Iftihar, and sabre of
honour from the Sultan for his services in his cause.
He was appointed Colonel Commandant of the Royal Artillery on
September 20, 1865
UK parish registers
BURIAL registers 1679 to 1837
surname date who died also also
HIGGENS 24 Jun 1759 William Higgen
HIGGENS 27 May 1767 Hannah wife of James Higgens
HIGGINS 27 Aug 1837 John Higgins married man age 35
. . . . . .
F Higgins & Son Photographer Chard Somerset UK
Most Plausible match
Household: 1881 England
Name Relation Marital Status Gender Age Birthplace
Frederick HIGGINS Head M Male 36 Kingsey, Buckingham, England Photograph Artist
Matilda HIGGINS Wife M Female 31 Bristol,Somerset, England Teacher Of Music
Hilda HIGGINS Daur Female 2 Chard,Somerset, England
Maria FOLLETT Serv U Female 15 Whitstanton,Somerset, England General Servant
Edward GALLOP Lodger U Male 26 Somerset,Somerset, England Bankers Clerk
Dwelling 8 Hope Terrace Coombe Street Census Place Chard, Somerset, England
Family History Library Film 1341574 Public Records Office Reference RG11
Piece / Folio 2386 / 13 Page Number 22
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
03 Oct 2005 http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/nelson/gallery7/popup/casualty.htm
Nominal list of men serving in Nelson's fleet killed in action in the Battle of Trafalgar
Higgins James HMS Temeraire Landsman
. . . . . . . . . . . .
The Cecil Higgins Museum, Bedford
This museum is the result of one man�s love and labour. The Higgins family owned a successful brewery, now the Bedford
Museum, and the Higgins Museum is housed in the handsome Victorian house close by, which was built by his grandfather, and
left by Cecil Higgins, with his collection, to the citizens of Bedford
The museum has an exceptional collection of British watercolours. As these are fragile and are never displayed for long, the
exhibitions change every six months. They are beautifully hung in a purpose-built gallery, with useful information and
magnifying-glasses available. It is very exciting to be able to look at Turner, Blake, Rowlandson and Gilray for as long and as
closely as you like.
The main part of the house has been furnished as the home of a well-to-do Victorian family There are clothes, boots, toys,
buttonhooks, alarmingly lethal chemical fire-extinguishers, a delightful nursery and a varied selection of grand contemporary and
earlier furniture and pictures � a convincing mixture of inherited and newly acquired possessions. William Burgess was an
architect of the high Victorian Gothic style and his bedroom has been reconstructed here. The ceiling is dark green scattered
with golden stars, the catafalque of a bed and huge cupboards alive with mediaeval figures and lively animals on a gold and red
Bedford was a busy lacemaking centre and much fine lace is on display, both British and European with explanations of their
history and design.
Cecil Higgins had a special love for glass and china and bought pieces of outstanding quality. The displays are breathtaking �
Chelsea, Stafford, Meissen, Art Nouveau, William de Morgan china, mediaeval slipware, and glass � engraved glass, painted
glass, coloured glass, slender Jacobite wine glasses with spun twists in their stems, early glass from the pioneering Ravenscroft
works, lovely innovative glass from Whitefriars who were making exquisite pieces at the turn of this century. It is a treasure
trove of beautiful things and a place to learn more about them.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
29 May 2005
Cognitive scientist with a flair for chemistry
Thursday June 10, 2004 The Guardian
Christopher Longuet-Higgins, who has died aged 80, was
not only a brilliant scientist in two distinct areas -
theoretical chemistry and cognitive science - but also a gifted amateur musician, keen to advance the
scientific understanding of the art.
Born in the vicarage in Lenham, Kent, he was the
second of the parish priest's three children. He
joined The Pilgrim's school, Winchester, in 1932 and became a senior chorister at the cathedral. Three
years later, he won the top entrance scholarship to Winchester College, where his precocious talents in
mathematics and music flourished.
In 1941, he won a scholarship to Balliol College,
Oxford, to read chemistry, but at the end of his first
year also took part one of the music tripos, and was appointed Balliol organ scholar. In his second year,
Christopher performed what Dr John Jones has described as "probably the greatest intellectual feat by a
Balliol undergraduate ever": he proposed, with
convincing arguments, the correct structure of the chemical compound diborane (B2H6) - a compound that
defied contemporary chemical valency principles. Christopher's solution - pace the eminent Linus
Pauling, who favoured a different structure - used a novel kind of chemical bond, and in 1943, before the
end of his second undergraduate year, he published
with his tutor RP Bell in the Journal of the Chemical
Society what was to become a landmark paper in
Christopher went on to use mathematical analysis, and in particular statistical mechanics, to predict a wide
variety of chemical structures and phenomena. One particular triumph was his use of molecular orbital
theory to predict that the aromatic compound cyclobutadiene, which was too unstable to synthesize,
should be stable when linked to a transition metal.
Three years later, a compound was indeed synthesised in this way.
By the age of 29, Christopher was professor of
theoretical physics at King's College London, and in
1954 became professor of theoretical chemistry at Cambridge, and a fellow of Corpus Christi College.
In 1967, as a result of a growing interest in the brain and the new field of artificial intelligence,
Christopher made a dramatic change in direction and moved to Edinburgh to co-found the department of
machine intelligence and perception, together with Richard Gregory and Donald Michie. It was Christopher
who, in 1973, was the first to name this field more
broadly as "cognitive science".
In this new field, his approach to problems was essentially analytic, as it had been in his chemical
work. The computer, equipped with the powerful new symbolic programming language POP, he saw as an
indispensable tool for testing the algorithms which he would derive from fundamental analyses of the problems
at hand. He excelled at posing fruitful questions, and
his and his students' work on such diverse topics as language production, the perception of musical
structure, the derivation of 3-D information from binocular images, and the way memories are stored in
neural networks has had a lasting impact on cognitive science.
As time went on, tensions arose between the founding members of the department at Edinburgh - partly a
reflection of intellectual differences regarding the future direction of artificial intelligence - which
resulted in a contentious review of the field by
Christopher's old Wykehamist colleague Sir James Lighthill. At the instigation of Stuart Sutherland,
Christopher made the decision to move to the
experimental psychology department at Sussex
University. There, he continued his work in cognitive science and made major contributions in vision,
language production and music perception.
Christopher was unfailingly rigorous in his work,
taking nothing for granted, and expected of others the
standards he required uncompromisingly of himself. Although he was perhaps unfortunate not to receive the
Nobel prize for his work in theoretical chemistry, his
contributions to both chemistry and to cognitive science were recognised by the award of five honorary
degrees; he was made a fellow of both the Royal Society and the Royal Society of Arts, and a foreign
associate of the US National Academy of Sciences. He also served as a governor of the BBC from 1979 to 1984.
Music was a life-long love - he was a pianist, conductor and composer. After retirement in 1988, he
returned to a problem that was close to his heart: how to generate automatically from a score a performance
that would sound musical. Although impressive demonstrations of this work were frequently audible to
those passing his office, the work was never written
up, and awaits reconstruction from his meticulously
He is survived by his brother Michael, a distinguished
professor of fluid mechanics.
Hugh Christopher Longuet-Higgins, scientist, born
April 11 1923; died March 27 2004
. . . . . . . .
Bob Higgins, who has died aged 98, spent 32 years in
the Metropolitan Police, ending his career as a Chief
Detective Superintendent; between 1925 and 1957 he encountered some of the most ruthless, and
villains London had to offer.
For much of his time Higgins was in charge of CID at
Tottenham Court Road, where he dealt with everyone
from pickpockets to a serial killer.
Throughout it all, Higgins maintained a very British
dignity and sang-froid. On one occasion, in April 1945, he was called to the Lyons Corner House in
Oxford Street. A man called Jack Tratsart had invited five members of his family to afternoon tea, then
pulled out a revolver and shot three of them across the table, killing his father and one of his sisters,
and wounding his younger brother.
Arriving at this scene of carnage, Higgins did not
hesitate to approach the perpetrator: "I wanted to
make sure he was disarmed," he wrote later. "So I went over, introduced myself, and asked him gently for his gun."
When a French Resistance hero, who had followed his lover to London, attempted to murder her in
Piccadilly, Higgins commented: "It was obviously a crime passionel, the more explicable as it involved
Robert Mold Higgins, the seventh of 13 children, was born on July 22 1903 near
Oakham, in Rutland. His
father had been stud groom for Sir Charles
Fitzwilliam, Master of the Horse to George V. From an
early age Bob wanted to join the police; concerned that he would not reach the minimum height, he
performed exercises to elongate his frame.
His parents, however, were not keen on his ambition
and, after leaving school in Oakham, Bob began work at
the age of 15 at an auctioneers' office in the town.
Unable to join the police until he was 20, he instead signed up in the TA (Leicestershire Yeomanry); when he
was 19 he moved to Guildford, Surrey, to another auctioneering firm, then applied to Scotland Yard.
After a period as a probationary constable at Peel House Training School in Victoria, Higgins spent three
years on the beat as a Pc with S Division, which covered a large area of north London.
On New Year's Day 1926, while he was still a raw
recruit, he discovered the body of a strangled
17-year-old girl in the bedroom of a house at Camden Town. Despite his inexperience, he remembered to
disturb nothing at the scene of the crime.
Higgins was soon assigned to CID, and in 1934 joined
the Flying Squad. He was never again in uniform, and
over the years pitted his wits against criminals with sobriquets such as "Dodger", "Old Legs", "Blue-Eyed
Webbie", "The Bobbed Hair Bandit" and "Peter the
In his autobiography, In the Name of the Law, published in 1958, Higgins revealed himself as an
uncompromising enemy of the wrongdoer: "I had very little time for the pickpocket," he declared. "He was
usually a snivelling, treacherous specimen." A prostitute he found murdered near Broadcasting House
was "a person of low moral calibre".
At the same time he was fair-minded, and could have a certain regard for some members of the criminal
fraternity. Of one London gang leader, who had said that he had developed "a high respect" for the police,
Higgins noted: "I could hardly describe myself as an admirer of this man, but it is comforting to know that
even the most hardened criminals sometimes have their
codes of honour and retain a healthy respect for the CID . . .
"Had the occasion arisen, I would have hounded him to
the ends of the country in the interests of justice.
Yet if I happened to meet him casually in a pub when the heat was off, I would cheerfully have stood him a
Anyone who believes that London, during the war years,
was relatively crime-free would be disabused by a look
at Higgins's career. Heroin was already enough of a problem by 1938 that the Flying Squad was asked to
launch a drive to eradicate it.
Posted to Tottenham Court Road as a detective
inspector in 1941 - his "patch" included part of Soho
- Higgins had constantly to deal with pickpockets in pubs who relieved American servicemen of their
wallets, and with burglars and other malefactors who took advantage of the cover of the black-out.
Another who took advantage of the black-out was Gordon Cummins, an RAF trainee, who revived memories of Jack
the Ripper when he brutally murdered four women in early 1942. Higgins led the investigation which,
through meticulous police work, caught and convicted Cummins; he was hanged.
Higgins viewed him as "by far the most vicious killer I encountered, or, in fact, ever heard about during
the whole of my police career".
In 1940 Higgins helped to recapture Ruby Sparks, the cracksman who had famously escaped from
Seven years later Higgins was in charge of the (ultimately unsuccessful) hunt for the killer of
"Black Rita", a dark-haired, 6 ft tall prostitute who operated from a room near Piccadilly Circus.
Also in 1947, he led the investigation into the murder of Alec de
Antiquis, a respectable 34-year-old motor
mechanic who was shot by fleeing jewellery thieves as he rode his motorcycle down a street in
and his team solved this case in only 20 days, thanks
to the manufacturer's stock label on a discarded Macintosh; two men were hanged for the crime.
Throughout his career Higgins worked punishing hours, at a time when overtime was unheard of, and rest days
non-existent. His experiences moved him to strong opinions. He believed that policemen should be better
paid, to prevent them succumbing to the temptations of
corruption; and he disapproved of early retirement, by which the force lost "leading officers at a time when
they have reached the peak of their efficiency".
Higgins himself retired in his mid-fifties. Opportunities for further promotion were limited,
since "the ruling posts are occupied almost exclusively by those who get them through distinction
or influence in other spheres". He also knew that he could command a well-paid job outside the police
force, and became head of security for the catering firm, J Lyons, a post he held for 10 years.
Despite a career in which he dealt with the worst
manifestations of human nature, Higgins never allowed
himself to become disillusioned or cynical. He was a keen golfer, playing until he was 90, and for many
years he served as secretary of the Medical Golfing Society; he also, in his younger days, played cricket
for the Metropolitan Police.
Bob Higgins died on June 29. He married, in 1928, Jean
Richmond. She and their three children survive him.
� Copyright of Telegraph Group Limited 2005
. . . . . .
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(31 DEC 1894 - 1917
(1878 - )
1890 - 2 JUL 1975 )
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1850 - 14 FEB 1887 )
1897 - 23 JAN 1979 )
1892 - 9 SEP 1948 )
( - )
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. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Kent's Directory -1794
Higgins Thomas, Grocer, 36, London wall
Higgins Henry, Haberdasher, 24, Aldgate within
Higgins James, Chymist & Druggist, 193, Strand
Higgins John, Hat Manufacturer, 393, Ditto
Higgins John, Linen draper, 14, Great Surry
Also On Site - England II
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- Old Bailey Proceedings
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. . . . . . . . . . . . .
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