Connecting the DRURY's to English and Scottish Royalty
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Generation No. 1
Eafa, of Wessex . He married the Kentish
Child of of Eafa and Eopa is:
+ 2 Ealhmund, Under-King of Kent was born Abt. 758; died 786. He reigned from 784 to 786 AD
Generation No. 2
Ealhmund, Under-King of Kent was born
Abt. 758, and died 786.
Child of Ealhmund, Under-King of Kent is:
+ 3 Egbert III, "The Great", (King of England(802-839), born Abt. 770 in Wessex, England; died February 4, 838/39 in Wessex, England.
Generation No. 3
|Egbert III, "The
Great", (King of England(802-839) was born Abt. 770
in Wessex, England, and died February 4, 838/39 in
Wessex, England. He married Raedburh.
Egbert served as King of WESSEX (802-39). He secured the submission of KENT, EAST ANGLIA, MERCIA, and NORTHUMBRIA. Historians later called him the first king of England, but there was no conception of a kingdom of England in his day.
Known as the first King of All England, he was forced into exile at the court of Charlemagne, by the powerful Offa, King of Mercia. Egbert returned to England in 802 and was recognized as king of Wessex. He defeated the rival Mercians at the battle of Ellendun in 825. In 829, the Northumbrians accepted his overlordship and he was proclaimed "Bretwalda" or sole ruler of Britain.
He Reigned from 802-839. In 800 at the
decease of King Brithric, Egbert was called by the voice of his
countrymen to assume the Government of Wessex, and he
subsequently succeeded in reducing all the Kingdoms of the
Heptarchy under his sway. His reign, a long and glorious one, is
memorable for the great victories he achieved over the Danes. See
Europäisch Stammtafeln Bund II tafel 58.
More About Egbert III, "The Great"(King of England(802-839):
Burial: Winchester Cathedral, London, England
Children of Egbert and Raedburh are:
+ 4. i. Aethelwulf, (King of England(839-856))4 born Abt. 806 in Wessex; died January 13, 857/58 in England.
+ 5. ii .Athelstan, (Under King of Kent) died Abt. 939.
Generation No. 4
4. Aethelwulf, (King of England(839-856)) was born Abt. 806 in Wessex, and died January 13, 857/58 in England. He married (1) Osburh Abt. 830. He married (2) (Princess of France) Judith October 1, 856 in Verberie sur Oise, France.
Notes for Aethelwulf, (King of
Ęthelwulf was the son of Egbert and a sub-king of Kent. He assumed the throne of Wessex upon his father's death in 839. His reign is characterized by the usual Viking invasions and repulsions common to all English rulers of the time, but the making of war was not his chief claim to fame. Ęthelwulf is remembered, however dimly, as a highly religious man who cared about the establishment and preservation of the church. He was also a wealthy man and controlled vast resources. Out of these resources, he gave generously, to Rome and to religious houses that were in need.
He was an only child, but had fathered five sons, by his first wife, Osburga. He recognized that there could be difficulties with contention over the succession. He devised a scheme which would guarantee (insofar as it was possible to do so) that each child would have his turn on the throne without having to worry about rival claims from his siblings. Ęthelwulf provided that the oldest living child would succeed to the throne and would control all the resources of the crown, without having them divided among the others, so that he would have adequate resources to rule. That he was able to provide for the continuation of his dynasty is a matter of record, but he was not able to guarantee familial harmony with his plan. This is proved by what we know of the foul plottings of his son, Ęthelbald, while Ęthelwulf was on pilgrimage to Rome in 855.
Ęthelwulf was a wise and capable ruler, whose vision made possible the beneficial reign of his youngest son, Alfred the Great.
Reigned 839-856 (abdicated). Under-king of Kent 825-839 and 856-858. Renown for his military prowess, he reputedly defeated 350 viking ships (851). He reduced taxation, endowed the Church, made lay lands inheritable, and provided systems of poor relief.
More About Aethelwulf, (King of England(839-856)):
Acceeded: February 4, 838/39, Kingston-upon-Thames, Surrey
Burial: Winchester Cathedral, London, England
Notes for Osburh:
Some sources show her dying in 955. She is often confused with St. Osburga who founded Coventry Abbey. The divorced was in 853
Children of Aethelwulf and Osburh are:
+ 6 i. Alfred, "The Great" (King Wessex(871-899)), born 849 in Wantage, Berkshire, England; died October 26, 899 in England.
+ 7 ii. Aethelred I, (King of ENGLAND(866-871), born Abt. 843; died April 15, 871 in Merton.
+ 8 iii. Aethelbald, (King of England(855-860)) born Abt. 834.
+ 9 iv. Aethelbert, (King of England(860-866)) born Abt. 836; died Abt. 616.
Generation No. 5
6. Alfred, "The Great" was born 849 in Wantage, Berkshire, England, and died October 26, 899 in England. He married of Mercia Ealhswith Abt. 868 in Windchester, England.
The Greatest of All Kings?
How Alfred became king of Wessex was more by circumstance than birth. Alfred has been acknowledged as having four elder brothers and one sister. All the brothers except Aethelstan, who died in about 850, reigned in turn from second to last born, following the death of their father Aethelwulf in 855. The only sister was named Aethelswith.
Aethelbald reigned from 855 - 860 .
Aethelbert reigned from 860 - 866 .
Aethelred reigned from 866 - 871 .
Aethelred, Alfred's only surviving elder brother had two sons. The eldest would have been declared king if primogeniture had been a common practice at the time. It was decided however that a strong and more mature ruler was required to defend Wessex. Wessex was the subject of almost constant attack from the Danes, or Vikings, as they are more commonly known Alfred was twenty two when he was declared king. He was semi illiterate but at the same time articulate. Illiteracy was not uncommon, even among the aristocracy. It is strange how little we know about this period as far as the Saxon rulers are concerned. So it is surprising that we know so much about Alfred. This is basically all down to one person. A Welshman and confidant of the king, by the name of Asser . It is the chronicles written by this man that give us a good insight into Alfred, his life and the torment he must have suffered. As constantly stated, Saxon chronicles have to be examined carefully to sift the underlying information, which is generally correct, if somewhat romantic, biased or jingoistic.
Aser tells us that Alfred suffered from mental and physical deformities. What these may have been are not really explained by him. It is a fact however, that his contribution to this countries heritage and culture are immense. He was a fair king but would not tolerate disobedience. He only too well understood the constant threat from the Danes on his kingdom and made reparations. It is surprising it took him so long as Wessex was always under constant threat. He indulged in a massive construction program. From fortifications to moving buildings stone by stone, especially those of religious or other importance.
To understand this you must return to his formative years. In 853 when Alfred was four years old, he was sent by his father to Rome to stay with Pope Leo IV who treated him like a son he could never have. For what purpose his father sent him there, and what relationship his father had with the Pope is also rather vague. It is a fact in most families that the youngest child is always treated differently to the others. Whatever the reason, it had a profound effect on Alfred. Two or three years later he visited Rome again with his father, who thought he was close death. After about a year, his father had still not died, so they returned to England. Alfred loved poetry and art and was a very pious person. He was unable to read but had a phenomenal memory. He could memorise whole manuscripts when read to him. It is very difficult to accept that Alfred was semi illiterate, as his time spent in Rome, prayers spoken and sung in Latin plus his exposure to Latin manuscripts including learned men, who could read, make Asser's words difficult to totally accept.
The first conflict we know Alfred engaged in was against the Danes in 868 when he fought beside his brother in Mercia. He would have been nineteen at the time. In those days a battle veteran. His brother died in 871 leaving Alfred in total control of Wessex in preference to Aethelred's sons, for the reasons described earlier. In 878 there came a turning point in Alfred's life. A large force of Danes invaded Wessex in the middle of winter. This almost totally defeated the west Saxon army giving the Vikings the upper hand. Unfortunately for them, they failed to capture Alfred who retreated underground, Robin Hood style. In the Easter time he moved to a place called Athelney in Somerset. Here he built a fortification. To take on the Danes he recruited his forces clandestinely in Somerset, Hampshire and Wiltshire. He had been using Guerrilla tactics for much of this time against the Danes. Alfred now felt confident and strong enough to take them on face to face.
During his time in exile, the following story has become a legend. Alfred was hiding in the home of a cowherd. The wife was baking some bread as Alfred was making some arrows for his bow. Unfortunately the bread started to burn, but Alfred was so engrossed in what he was doing, he let them burn, much to the anger of the wife, who castigated him for his stupidity and thoughtlessness, never knowing he was the king. This story possibly never happened but a distortion of other events by the 12th century chronicle of St Neot's. The more popular version of this story is of Alfred burning the cakes.
Alured learnt quite a lot from this defeat by the Danes. The first thing he did was fortify his own camp. A practice the Danes always adhered to. He rallied his men and did battle with the Danes at a place called Edington in Wiltshire. He inflicted a heavy defeat on the Danes and their leader. Euthrum the Viking, who had declared himself king previously, was forced to accept baptism. Not the usual course of events for people who were pagan and better known for rape and pillage. What Alfred did in Wessex after the battle of Edington was to organise in a methodical way so that everybody had a role and felt secure. His achievements were remarkable for those times. His first task was to set about protecting the whole of Wessex on a grander version of Athelney. His defences included fortresses or burh's built all over southern England. The word borough is used today which was derived from word burh. These places became populated and eventually turned into villages and towns that we know now today.
Not only did he introduce fortifications but managed to organise an army that was always ready at short notice to protect Wessex. It consisted of what we would call a regular army known as thegns and peasant militia or fyrd. This will be discussed more in other sections as this is important in the forces available to Harold II in the Battle of Hastings. Alfred was not only confident of taking on the Danes on land. He had many ships constructed so that he could engage them even before they reached English soil. The Danes continued to invade for almost the next hundred years, off and on. But the defences put up by Alfred made him almost untouchable. This system was admired throughout Europe, and was copied, especially by Henry the Saxon king of Germany 919-36.
Having secured the defence of his kingdom of Wessex. He started to yearn for the more intangible things in life. At the age of 38 in 887 he decided to learn to read latin. He had learned men at court, but literacy was never considered a pre-requisite so it must have been a problem as far as tutors were concerned. We can only assume that with his extremely good memory he picked up the language quite quickly. He had at least five major works translated into English. So he must have been able to read quite well as it is thought that he was one of the translators. Probably the most famous was Augustine's Soliloquies. Alfred was only fifty years old when he died in 899. English culture and way of life that we take for granted may have been very different if it was not for this man. He shaped and moulded Wessex so that the Saxon kings that followed, although not so well known, continued his work to eventually unite the whole of England.
In summary, Alfred, The Great Reigned from 871-899. He prevented the Danish conquest of England, defeating them at Edington(878) after a campaign of guerrila warfare. After his victory he allowed the Danes to keep their conquests in Mercia nd East Anglia provided that Guthrum, their King, was converted to Christianity. Alfred built a navy of Warships to defend the south coast against further Danish invasions (885-86;892-96) and protected Wessex with a chain of fortifications. He took London (886), this gaining control of all England except the Danish areas.
More About Alfred, "The Great" (King Wessex(871-899))
Acceeded: April 23, 871, Kingston-upon-Thames, Surrey
Burial: Hyde Abbey, Winchester London Cathedral
Child of "The Alfred and of
+ 10 i. Edward, "The Elder" (King of Wessex(899-924)), born Bet. 871 - 875 in Wessex, England; died July 17, 924 in Ferrington - Fardon-on-Dee.
Generation No. 6
(33rd Great Grandfather)
10. Edward, "The Elder" was born Bet. 871 - 875 in Wessex, England, and died July 17, 924 in Ferrington - Fardon-on-Dee. He married (1) of Kent Eadgifu, daughter of of Kent Sigehelm Earldorman. He married (2) Ecgwyn.
Notes for Edward, "The Elder" (King of Wessex(899-924)):
Edward the Elder, King of WESSEX (899-924). The son and successor of ALFRED, he fought with his father against the Danes and was apparently joint king with him. He gradually became ruler of all England S of the Humber. He reigned from 899-924. He defeated the Danes (918), taking East Anglia, and also conquered Mercia (918) and Northumbria (920).
More About Edward, "The
Elder" (King of Wessex(899-924)):
Acceeded: May 31, 900, Kingston-upon-Thames, Surrey
Burial: Winchester Cathedral, London, England
Reigned as King: Bet. 899 - 924, England
Children of Edward and Eadgifu are:
+ 11 i. Edmund I, "the Deed Doer"(King of England)(939-46), born 921; died May 26, 946 in Pucklechurch, Glos (stabbed by an outlaw).
+ 12 ii. Edred Edmund , (King of England)(946-955), born Aft. 920.
Child of Edward and Ecgwyn is:
+ 13 i. Athelstan, "The Glorious" (King of England(924-939) born Abt. 895, died October 27, 939 in Gloucester, England.
Notes for Athelstan, (King of
England(924-939) (BROTHER of EDMUND) :
Athelstan or Aethelstan, son of Edward the Elder and grandson of Alfred the great, (and brother of Edmund I) continued in the same fashion as his forebears. If Aethelfleda had not died when she did, she probably would have totally eliminated the Danish threat for ever. Had Alfred the Great continued squeezing the Danes, the children and grandchildren would not have had this problem. Forgiveness seemed to be endemic in this family. Following unrest in Yorkshire around 926, Athelstan with his forces marched north. Northumbria soon submitted. The king of the Scots, realising that he was probably the next conquest, also submitted. Athelstan was called to invade Scotland in 933 to quell a revolt.
In 937, a most unusual event occurred. Most of the rulers of Northern Britain joined forces to challenge a power of Athelstan. An unlikely alliance of Danes, Celts, Scots and probably other aggrieved parties. Under the leadership of Constantine, king of the Scots and Olaf, king of Dublin. Athelstan challenged the alliance to do battle. He was said to have been given the honour of deciding the time and the place. Two days of bloody fighting resulted in a English victory. The exact location of this battle is unclear, but is known as the battle of Brunanburgh. The defeated leaders retreated back to their kingdoms with their tails between their legs. Athelstan could now be considered the king of all England. This victory did not go unnoticed on the continent. He developed a reputation of being a great leader, and one to be feared. A message he would like the Scandinavian countries to heed.
Reigned 924-940. This renowned prince, who by the splendid victory of Brunanburgh crushed his enemies, and achieved the sovereignty of the whole island, had the glory of establishing what has ever since been called the kingdom of England. Stammtafeln says he was also Archbishop of Canterbury
More About Athelstan, (King of
Acceeded: September 4, 924, Kingston-upon-Thames, Surrey
Burial: Malmesburry Abbey, Wiltshire
Generation No. 7
(32nd Great Grandfather)
+ 11. Edmund I, "the Deed Doer"(King of England939-46) was born 921, and died May 26, 946 in Pucklechurch, Glos (stabbed by an outlaw). He married (Saint) Alfgifu.
Notes for Edmund I, "the
Deed Doer"(King of England939-46):
Very little is known about Edmund I. He became king after the death of his step brother Athelstan. In 944 he recaptured Danish Mercia and the following year invaded Strathclyde. Like Edgar who would continue his work, he was responsible for the monastic revival. He became friendly with a Wessex monk by the name of Dunstan. Dunstan was appointed as abbot of Glastonbury and in 960, Archbishop of Canterbury. Edmund was supposedly murdered during a brawl with an outlaw within in his own walls.
He Reigned 940-946. He murdered the Outlaw, Leolf, who stabbed him to death at a banquet to St.Augustine He expelled the Norse King Olaf from Northumbria in 944. He supported Dunstan in the reintroduction of the Monastic rule of St. Benedict.
More About Edmund I, "the Deed Doer"(King of England939-46):
Acceeded: November 29, 939, Kingston-upon-Thames, Surrey
Burial: Glastonbury Abbey, England
Children of Edmund and (Saint) Alfgifu are:
+ 14 i. Edgar, "The peaceful" (King of England(959-975)), born 944 in Wessex, England; died July 8, 975 in Winchester, England.
+ 15 ii. Edwy, "The Fair" (King of England(955-9)), born Abt. 940; died October 1, 959 in Gloucester, England. He married Aelfgifu in 955.
Notes for Edwy,"The Fair"
(King of England(955-9)):
Edwy succeeded his uncle Edred. Not popular, he was at odds with St Dunstan and exiled him. He managed to alienate the Mercians and Northumbrians leading to the withdrawal of their support for Edgar. This left him in power only south of the river Thames. So between 957 and 959 there were effectively two kings of England. Edwy reigned from 955-959. He lost Mercia and Northumbria. He forced St. Dunstan into exile. By his tyranical proceedings, the immorality of his private life, his connection with Elgiva alienated the affections of his subjects. Also rumored that Edwy's mistress was his wife's mother.
More About Edwy, "The Fair" (King of England(955-9)):
Acceeded: January 26, 955/56, Kingston-upon-Thames, Surrey
Burial: Winchester Cathedral, London, England
Generation No. 8
(31st Great Grandfather)
+ 14. Edgar,"The peaceful" (King of England(959-975)) was born 944 in Wessex, England, and died July 8, 975 in Winchester, England. He married (1) Aethelflaed, The Fair . He married (2) Aelfthryth 964.
Notes for "The peaceful"
(King of England(959-975)) Edgar:
King Edgar, The Peaceful (943-75), king of the English (957-75). His reign was one of orderly prosperity. He initiated widespread monastic reforms and granted practical autonomy to the Danes in England (see DANELAW) in return for their loyalty. His son was Aethelred II, the Unready King of England.
The blood line of Alfred continued with Edgar. He was the youngest son of Edmund I and brother of Edwy. His reign was one of relative peace. This respite from Nordic attacks, inspired a cultural renaissance in England. Edgar's coronation at Bath conducted for some reason in 973, was the one that is used to the present day. It consists of the recognition and oath, which is a form of contract sworn between the monarch and the people. The consecration by anointment.
The investiture and crowning followed by enthronement and homage. This ceremony would have been conducted in Latin and remained that way until translated and conducted in English for the coronation of James 1. The word patriotism, so long, unthinkable in a disrupted land was developing. A nation acting as one was admired throughout Europe. Edgar ensured a fairer system of taxes and local government and that every shire had a market town. Law and order for the first time seemed to work. England's prosperity grew. Edgar was responsible for continuing the resurgence of monastic society started by Edmund I. Dunstan was Archbishop of Canterbury. There are many stories about Edgar. The most famous was that his power was so great that he arranged for eight Scottish and Welsh vassal kings to row him along the river Dee. When Edgar died, England was a prosperous and admired country. This had not gone un-noticed by the Scandinavians.
He Reigned from 959-975. The first King
of a united England. He allowed his Danish subjects to retain
Danish laws. Edgar promoted a monastic revival and encouraged
trade by reforming the currency. He improved defence by
organising coastal naval patrols and a system for manning
warships. Although he suceeded on 1st October 959, he was not
crowned until 973 because St Dunstan, the Archbishop of
Canterbury, disaproved of his way of life.
More About Edgar, "The peaceful" (King of England(959-975)):
Acceeded: May 11, 973, Bath Abbey
Burial: Glastonbury Abbey, Somerset
Child of "The Edgar and The Aethelflaed is:
16 i. Edward, "The Martyr" (King of England(975-8)) born 963; died March 28, 978 in Castle Corfet, Dorset.
Notes for Edward, "The
Martyr" (King of England(975-8)):
(Half 30th Great-Granduncle)
Following the death of Edgar, there followed a incident that shamed the monarchy. Edward followed his father to the throne. He was the eldest son. A dispute developed between himself and the supporters of Aethelred, who was his younger half brother. On a visit to him at Corfe castle, he was brutally murdered by a thegn of the queen mother's household. He would have been about 15 years old at the time. He was eventually known as Edward the Martyr. A chronicler at the time wrote. " A worse deed was never done among the English".
More About Edward, "The Martyr" (King of England(975-8)):
Acceeded: July 8, 975, Kingston-upon-Thames, Surrey
Burial: Wareham Abbey, Dorset
Reigned as King: Bet. 975 - 979, England
Child of Edgar, The Peaceful and Aelfthryth is:
+ 17 i. Aethelred II, "the Unready" (King of England), born Abt. 968; died April 23, 1016 in London.
Generation No. 9
(30th Great Grandfather)
17. Aethelred II, "The Unready" (King of England) was born Abt. 968, and died April 23, 1016 in London. He married (1) (Sister of the duke of Normandy) Emma. He married (2) (Aelfgifu) Elfreda Abt. 985.
Notes for Aethelred II, "the
Unready" (King of England):
Aethelred II, b. 965- d.1016, king of England (978-1016), called Ęthelred the Unready [Old Eng., (= (without counsel]. He was the son of EDGAR, and the half brother and successor of Edward the Martyr. A weak king, he reigned at the height of Danish power. Although he began paying tribute through the DANEGELD to the Danes in 991, they returned in 997 to plunder his realm, staying until 1000. In 1002 Ęthelred married Emma, sister of the duke of Normandy, possibly hoping to gain an ally. Although by 1009 a navy existed, the treason of its commanders rendered it useless. In 1013 the Danish king SWEYN returned to conquer; he was well received in the DANELAW and London capitulated. Ęthelred fled to Normandy but was restored in 1014 on Sweyn's death. In 1016 Ęthelred's son EDMUND IRONSIDE succeeded him, made a treaty with CANUTE, son of Sweyn, and died. Canute succeeded him and married Ęthelred's widow
He Reigned from 979-1013(deposed) and
1014-1016. In the face of Danish raids, he was forced to pay huge
tributes (Danegeld) to the enemy. He was driven into exile by
Sweyn but returned after his death. Died during Canutes invasion
of England. Burke says he died 1010. His tomb was lost when the
old St Pauls was destroyed in the great fire of London.
More About Aethelred II, "the Unready" (King of England):
Acceeded: April 4, 978, Kingston-upon-Thames, Surrey
Child of Aethelred and (Sister Emma is:
18 i. Edward, "The Confessor" (King of Eng 1042-66), born Abt. 1002 in Islip, Oxfordshire, England; died January 5, 1065/66 in Palace of Westminster. He married (Eadgyth) Edith March 23, 1044/45.
Edward, "The Confessor" (King of Eng 1042-66):
(Half 29th Great Granduncle)
The only surviving heir to the thrown was now Edward, brother of the murdered Alfred the Aetheling and son of Emma and Aethelred the Unready. As far as Godwin was concerned, this was the worst scenario. A king with Norman leanings would threaten his power. He already was the king of England in all but name. It was thought that he was responsible for the death of Alfred the Aetheling and now his brother at the age of 40 came to power. So affected was Edward by the way he had been treated by his mother, he removed her entitlement to her land and confiscated all her possessions. He had Stigand, the Archbishop of Canterbury removed but later re-instated. A deeply religious man, he promised to go on a pilgrimage to Rome but never did. As penance He was ordered by the Pope to build an church. This was called the Church of St Peter and was situated to the West of London. It is now known as Westminster Abbey. Edward was the only English monarch to be canonized. The rest of his life will be continued in another section because he was inextricably linked with affairs of the Godwin family.
He Reigned from 1042-1066. Named for his
piety and his foundation of a new Westminster Abbey (consecrated
in 1065). He lived in Normandy (1016-41) and his early reign was
dominated by rivalry between his Norman favourites and his father-in-Law.
After 1053, the Goodwins were in the ascendant. Edward's
childlessness led ultimately to the Norman conquest. He was
canonised in 1161. His feast day is 13th October. He was buried
in Westminster Abbey, England
Child of Aethelred and (Aelfgifu)
+ 19 i. Edmund II, "The Ironside" (King of England), born Bet. 983 - 989 in Wessex, England; died November 30, 1016 in Wessex, England (murdered).
Generation No. 10
(29th Great Grandfather)
19. Edmund II, "The Ironside" (King of England) was born Bet. 983 - 989 in Wessex, England, and died November 30, 1016 in Wessex, England (murdered). He married Algitha.
Notes for Edmund II, "The
Ironside" (King of England):
Edmund Ironside d. 1016, king of the English (1016), son of Aethelred II, the Unready King of England. He was prominent in the fighting against CANUTE. On Aethelred's death, Edmund was proclaimed king although Canute received the support of over half of England. After the battle of Assandun (Oct. 18, 1016), he and Canute came to terms and partitioned England, but Edmund died the next month. His courage earned him the name Ironside.
Edmund II Ironside , the son of Aethelred the Unready. Finally the people had a king to save them. He was so unlike his father. Even before he became king he raised an army and planned campaigns that freed London. For over 3 years, and during the last two years of Aethelred's reign and against his fathers wishes he was the sole hope of England. He was a brilliant soldier and tactician who was in the mould of Alfred and Athelstan. Declared an outcast by his father, he died at the age of 22 after only a few short months on the throne. The peoples hopes must have been raised and then dashed horribly. He was buried in Glastonbury, England
Child of Edmund and Algitha is:
+ 20 i. Edward, "Atheling", "The Exile" of England, born 1016 in Wessex, England; died 1057 in Wessex, England.
Generation No. 11
(28th Great Grandfather)
20. Edward ,"Atheling" "the
exile" of England was born 1016 in Wessex, England, and died
1057 in Wessex, England. He married Agatha von Bayern.
Notes for Edward "The Outlaw" "The Exile"
Some say he married Agatha daughter of Stephen, and some say Agatha was the daughter of Henry II of Germany. Stephen is accepted as being incorrect, and other more complex relationships have been postulated. One has been shown here which is attributed to David Boles <firstname.lastname@example.org> Also called Edward the Exile. See also articles by Rene Jette NEHGR 150, 96 and Szabolcs de Vajay in Duquesne Review 7.
Child of Ewdward "Atheling" and Agatha von Bayern is:
+ 21 i. Saint Margaret , (Queen of Scotland), born Abt. 1045 in Hungary; died November 16, 1093 in Edinburgh Castle, Midlothian, Scotland.
Generation No. 12
+ 21. Saint Margaret , (Queen of Scotland) was born Abt. 1045 in Hungary, and died November 16, 1093 in Edinburgh Castle, Midlothian, Scotland. She married Malcolm III, Caennmor (King of Scotland) Abt. 1068 in Dunfermline Abbey, Scotland, son of Duncan and Sybilla Bamburg.
Notes forSaint Margaret , (Queen
Canonised 1250 and her feast day is 16th November. In 1057 she arrived at the English court of Edward the Confessor. Ten years later she was in exile after William defeated Harold at the Battle of Hastings. She fled to Scotland where she was married against her wishes to King Malcolm to whom she bore six sons and two daughters. Her unlerned and boorish husband grew daily more graceful and Christian under the queen's graceful influence. Her remains were removed to Escorial Spain and her head Douai, France. She was burried in Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland,
Notes for Malcolm III, Caennmor (King of Scotland):
Malcolm III, (Malcolm Canmore), d. 1093, king of Scotland (1057-93); son of Duncan I; successor to MACBETH. In aid of Edgar Atheling, pretender to the English throne, Malcolm waged wars against England that helped ensure Scottish independence and made possible church reorganization by his wife, Margaret of Scotland.
Children of Saint Margaret and Malcolm are:
+ 22 i Edgar, "King of Scottland" (1098-1106), born 1074; died January 8, 1106/07.
+ 23 ii. Alexander I, "The Fierce"(King of Scotland)(1106-1124), born 1078; died April 23, 1124. He married Sybil.
+ 23 iii. Matilda, of Scotland (Princess of Alba) born Abt. October 1079; died June 1, 1118.
+ 24 iv. Mary, of Scottland born Aft. 1080; died May 31, 1116. She married Eustace III, (Count of Boulogne).
+ 26 v. David I, "The Saint" (King of Scotland)(1124-1153), born Abt. 1084 in Scottland; died May 24, 1153 in Carlyle, Cumberland..
Generation No. 13
+ 26. David I, "The Saint" (King
of Scotland) was born Abt. 1084 in Scottland, and died May 24,
1153 in Carlyle, Cumberland. He married Maud (Matlida), (Queen of
Scotland) Maud, daughter of Walthoef and Judith Lens.
Notes for David I, "The Saint" (King of Scotland):
David, King of Scotland
kings of Scotland. David I, 1084-1153 (r.1124-53), fought without success for MATILDA, his niece, in the struggle for the English crown between STEPHEN and Matilda. He did realize his main aim, securing Northumberland. His rule of Scotland was felicitous. He reigned from 1124-1153. He was acceeded on Apr 23, 1124.
Earl of Huntingdon. United Alba with Strathclyde. Earl of Northampton. Popularly reputed as a Saint, His feast day is 24th May. David is Interred at Dunfermline Abbey, Fife, Scotland
Child of David and (Queen Maud is:
+ 27 i. Henry, (Prince of Scotland),( Earl of Huntington), born Abt. 1115; died June 12, 1152 in bur Kelso, Roxborough, Scottland.
Generation No. 14
27. Henry, (Prince of Scotland), (Earl
of Huntingdon), (Earl of Northumberland) was born Abt. 1115, and
died June 12, 1152 and buried in Kelso, Roxborough, Scottland. He
married Adelaide de Warenne in 1139, daughter of William de
Warenne and Elizabeth de Vermandois.
Children of Prince Henry and Ada de Warenne are:
+ 28 i. Malcolm IV, "The Maiden" (King of Scotland), born March 20, 1141/42; died December 9, 1165 in Jedburgh.
+ 29 ii. William, "The Lion" (King of the Scots), born 1143; died December 4, 1241 in Stirling, Scotland. He married Ermengarde.
+ 30 iii. David de Warenne ,(Earl of Huntingdon), born Abt. 1144; died June 17, 1219 in Yardley, Roxburghshire, Scotland. (AKA David De Huntingdon)
Notes for William, "The Lion"
(King of the Scots):
(24th Great Granduncle)
William the Lion, 1143-1214, king of Scotland (1165-1214). William aided the rebellion in England of HENRY II's sons, but was captured by Henry and forced to sign (1174) the treaty of Falaise, which made Scotland a feudal possession of England. In 1189 he bought an annulment of the treaty from RICHARD I. His alliance (1168) with LOUIS VII of France started the long French-Scottish friendship. He reigned as King from 1165 to 1214.
31 iv. Ada de Huntington, born 1146; died January 11, 1215/16. She married Florenz III, Count of Holland, West Sealand.
Generation No. 15
28. David de Warenne, was born Abt. 1144, and died June 17, 1219 in Yardley, Roxburghshire, Scotland. He married Maud Kevillioc , (Matilda), daughter of William le Marechal and Isabel de Clare.
Notes for David de Warenne ,(Earl
ALSO has the following titles.... Earl of Northumberland, Earl of Lennox, Earl of Carlise, Earl of Doncaster,Earl of Garioch, Earl of Cambridge.
Burial: Sawtrey Abbey, Hunts
Child of David de Warenne and Maud Kevillioc is:
+ 32 i. Ada De Warenne, born January 1, 1199/00; died Aft. 1241.
Generation No. 16
32. Ada De Warenne was born January 1, 1199/00, and died Aft. 1241. She married Henry I, (Sir; Lord of Harstings) Bef. June 7, 1237.
More About Ada De Warenne:
AKA: Ada De Huntingdon
Child of Ada De Warenne and Henry is:
+ 33 i. Henry de Hastings II, (Sir; Lord of Hastings), born Abt. 1235 in Ashill, Norfolk, England; died March 5, 1268/69.
Generation No. 17
33. Henry de Hastings II, (Sir; Lord of Hastings) was born Abt. 1235 in Ashill, Norfolk, England, and died March 5, 1268/69. He married Joan de Cantilupe.
More About Henry de Hastings II,
(Sir; Lord of Hastings):
AKA: Henry d'eu
Children of Henry de Hastings and Joan de Cantilupe are:
+ 34 i. Lora Hastings.
+ 35 ii. Robert De Hastings.
+ 36 iii. John De Hastings , (Baron of Abergavny), born May 6, 1262; died Abt. 1313.
Generation No. 18
34. Lora Hastings . She married Thomas
le Latimer , (Baron of Latimer).
Child of Lora Hastings and Thomas le Latimer is:
+ 37 i. Warin de Latimer , (Baron of Latimer).
Generation No. 19
37. Warin de Latimer, (Baron of Latimer)
He married Catherine de la Warre, daughter of Baron de la Warre
and Joan de Grelle.
Child of Warin de Latimer and Catherine
de la Warre is:
+ 38 i. Elizabeth de Latimer.
Generation No. 20
38. Elizabeth de Latimer . She married
Sir Thomas Griffin.
Child of Elizabeth de Latimer and Sir Griffin is:
+ 39 i. Richard Griffin.
Generation No. 21
39. Richard Griffin. He married Anna
Child of Richard Griffin and Anna
+ 40 i. Nicholas Griffin I.
Generation No. 22
40. Nicholas Griffin I . He married
Child of Nicholas Griffin and Margaret
+ 41 i. Nicholas Griffin II.
Generation No. 23
41. Nicholas Griffin II . He married
Child of Nicholas Griffin and Catherine
+ 42 i. Isabelle24 Griffin.
Generation No. 24
42. Isabelle Griffin. She married Thomas
Child of Isabelle Griffin and Thomas
+ 43 i. Thomas25 Neville.
Generation No. 25
43. Thomas Neville. He married Alice
Child of Thomas Neville and Alice Wauton
+ 44 i. Ann Neville, born Abt. 1540 in Cotterstock, Northamptionshire England.
Generation No. 26
44. Ann Neville was born Abt. 1540 in
Cotterstock, Northamptionshire England. She married Sir St. John.
Child of Ann Neville and Sir St. John is:
+ 45 i. Cressida St. John, born Abt. 1570.
Generation No. 27
45. Cressida St. John was born Abt. 1570. She married John Butler, son of George Boteler and Mary Thorgmorton.
More About Cressida St. John:
Children of Cressida St. John and John
+ 46 i. John Boteler.
+ 47 ii. Oliver Boteler.
Generation No. 28
46. John Boteler
Child of John Boteler is:
+ 48 i. Thomas Butler, born 1602 in Thobie,Little Bursted, Essex, England; died Bef. 1642 in Kent Island, Maryland.
Generation No. 29
48. Thomas Butler was born 1602 in
Thobie,Little Bursted, Essex, England, and died Bef. 1642 in Kent
Island, Maryland. He married Joan Unknown.
Children of Thomas Butler and Joan Unknown are:
+ 49 i. Thomasine Butler, born Abt. 1626 in Westmoreland Co., Va; died Abt. 1702 in Maryland.
+ 50 ii. Thomas Butler, born Abt. 1626.
+ 51 iii. John Butler, born Abt. 1632 in Kent Island, Maryland.
+ 52 iv. Nathaniel Butler, born Abt. 1635 in Kent Island, Maryland.
+ 53 v. William Butler, born Abt. 1638.
+ 54 vi. Christopher Butler, born Abt. 1641.
Generation No. 30
49. Thomasine Butler was born Abt. 1626 in Westmoreland Co., Va, and died Abt. 1702 in Maryland. She married Francis Hayden, son of Edward Hayden and Eleanor Whitehead.
Notes for Francis Hayden:
THE HAYDEN FAMILY
FRANCIS HAYDEN was the progenitor of the Hayden family of St.Mary's County, Maryland and the Catholic Hayden pioneers of Kentucky. Francis Hayden was a native of England. his birth is registered in the parish church of St. Mary's in Watford,Hertfordshire, England (about 20 miles from London ) on 8/14/1628 the son of Edward Heydon and Ellenor Whitehead Francis Haydon emigrated to America in the 1660's a man of some means.
He is first found in Deeds & Wills
for Westmoreland County Virginia on3/6/1665/6 Francis Haydon of
Virginia, planter, unto John Samways for valuable consideration
500 acres being one half of 1000 acres for bought of Mr. Wilkes
Maunders of Yeocomoco in Westmoreland County as by patent to John
Smith, copper and carpenter, and myself (this was signed by
Francis Hayden) Westmoreland County,Virginia Patent Book dated 10/22/1666,
Goerge Dawson &Francis Hayden recieved 1000 arces for
transporting 20 persons into the province of Virginia. Patent
book dated 11/20/1668 John Smith & Francis Hayden 1000 arces
Potomac freshes extending to the mouth of the 2nd creek above Puscalna granted to Francis Carpenter 6/5/1658 assigned to Wilkes Maunders and sold to the above.
More About Francis Hayden:
Residence: Immigrated from England to Westmoreland Co.,Va. to St. Mary's Co., Md.
Historical fact: First Hayden in Maryland. Arrived before 1674/5.
Fact 1: Left his plantation, called "Small Hopes", to his son William.
Fact 2: "Small Hopes" was located near St. Clements Bay.
Baptism (LDS): August 14, 1628
Immigration: 1669, to Maryland
Property: 1678, Recieved 200 acres in St. Mary's County
Children of Thomasine Butler and Francis
+ 55 i. William Hayden, born Abt. 1674 in St. Mary's County, MD; died Abt. 1733 in St. Mary's County, MD.
+ 56 ii. Penelope Hayden, born 1670. She married Thomas Allman Abt. 1696 in St. Mary's County, MD.
+ 57 iii. Mary Hayden, born Bef. 1671.
+ 58 iv. Reeder Hayden, born Abt. 1675.
Generation No. 31
55. William Hayden was born Abt. 1674 in
St. Mary's County, MD, and died Abt. 1733 in St. Mary's County,
MD. He married (1) Anna Snowden Roswell Abt. 1695. He married (2)
Elizabeth Thompson Abt. 1695. He married (3) Elizabeth Clements
Abt. 1695 in St. Mary's County, MD.
Children of William Hayden and Elizabeth
+ 59 i. Susannah Hayden, born Abt. 1711 in St. Mary's Co. MD; died Abt. 1777 in St. Mary's Co. MD.
+ 60 ii. Francis Hayden, born Abt. 1706 in St. Mary's Co. MD; died Abt. 1760 in St. Mary's Co. MD. He married Ann Drury
+ 61 iii. James Hayden, born Abt. 1713 in St. Mary's Co. MD; died Aft. 1761 in St. Mary's Co. MD. He married Elizabeth Thompson Bef. 1749.
+ 62 iv. John Hayden.
+ 63 v. Richard Hayden.
+ 64 vi. Elizabeth Hayden.
+ 65 vii. George Hayden, born Abt. 1715 in St. Mary's Co. MD; died Abt. 1754 in St. Mary's Co. MD. He married Charity Morgan 1736 in St. Mary's County, MD.
+ 66 viii. Clement Hayden.
Children of William Hayden and Elizabeth Clements are:
67 i. Charles Hayden.
68 ii. Thomasin Hayden, born Abt. 1699 in St. Mary's Co. MD. She married Luke Cissel Abt. 1732 in St. Mary's County, MD.
69 iii. Grace Hayden, born Abt. 1690.
70 iv. William Hayden, born Abt. 1704 in Overwharton Par, Stafford County, VA; died October 21, 1745 in Stafford County, VA.
Generation No. 32
59. Susannah Hayden was born Abt. 1711
in St. Mary's Co. MD, and died Abt. 1777 in St. Mary's Co. MD.
She married John Drury December 10, 1734 in Newton, St. Mary's
County Maryland, son of John Drury and Mary Ford.
Children of Susannah Hayden and John Drury are:
+71 i. Francis Drury, born Abt. 1735 in St. Mary's County, MD; died Bet. 1802 - 1803 in Perry Co. , MO. She married Joseph Tucker Bef. 1769 in Maryland.
+ 72 ii. William Drury, born Abt. 1736 in Maryland; died July 1801 in Prairie du Rocher, IL.
+ 73 iii. Monica Drury, born February 1750/51 in St. Mary's County, MD; died December 18, 1827 in Perry Co. , MO. She married Nicholas Moore Abt. 1779 in St. Mary's County, MD.
+ 74 iv. Frances Drury, born Abt. 1752; died Abt. 1803 in Ste. Genevieve, MO.
+ 75 v. Mary Drury, born Abt. 1739 in St. Mary's Co. MD; died Abt. 1817 in KY.
Generation No. 33
72. William Drury was born Abt. 1736 in
Maryland, and died July 1801 in Prairie du Rocher, IL. He married
Mary Ann Wooton.
Children of William Drury and Mary Wooton are:
+ 85 i. Clement Drury , Sr., born Abt. 1759; died September 1814.
+ 86 ii. Raphael Drury, born Abt. 1763 in Maryland; died January 25, 1835 in Prairie du Rocher, IL. He married Elizabeth McNabb.
Generation No. 34
100. Clement Drury , Sr. was born Abt.
1759, and died September 1814. He married Marie Josephte Provost.
Marie was born abt 1769 to Jean Baptist Provost and Agnes Louisel.
Marie died on July 4, 1833 in Prairie du Rocher, ILL
**He emigrated from Maryland to Cahokia, IL and eventually to Prairie Du Rocher (PDR), ILL where he opened a Horse Mill.
Children of Clement Drury and Marie Provost is:
+ 108 i. John Baptiste Clement Drury, born 1803; died in Ste. Genevieve, MO.
108 ii. Marie Drury died on Jan 1, 1842. She married Francois Tongue on Oct 11, 1808 in PDR,IL.
108 iii. Marie Suzanne Drury was born on Oct 11, 1787 in Cahokia, IL and died on March 13, 1813.
She married Etienne Langlois Feb 1, 1804.
108 iv. Anne Jeanette Drury was born May 31, 1798. She married Antoine Barbeau.
108 v. Elizabeth Drury was born Oct 16, 1789. She marrried Pierre Goder and Pierre Pillet.
108 vi. Therese Drury born May 2, 1791. She married Charles Thibout June 5, 1810 in PDR, IL.
108 vii. William Drury born 1796 in St. Phillipe, IL. He married Jeanne Vasseur
108 viii. Lucille Drury born May 10, 1805 in PDR, IL died Apr 21, 1853.
She married Michael Du Clos.
108 ix. Raphael Drury born July 6, 1808. He married Jeanne Blais and Marie Ann Du Clos.
Generation No. 35
108. John Baptiste Clement Drury was born 1803, and died in Ste. Genevieve, MO. He married Marie Olympe Placet February 11, 1820 in Ste. Genevieve, MO, daughter of Michel Placet and Marie Aubuchon.
More About John Baptiste Clement
Military service: Lieutenant in the Army, stationed at Vincennes
Children of John Drury and Marie Placet
+ 112 i. Clement Drury, born Apr 12, 1829 in Ste. Genevieve, MO.
113 ii. John Drury, born Bef. 1824 in kaskaskia, ILL.
114 iii. Pelagie Zoe Drury, born January 10, 1825 in ste. Genevieve, MO.
115 iv. Clementine Drury, born June 13, 1826 in Ste. Genevieve, MO.
116 v. Felix Drury, born February 13, 1827 in Ste. Genevieve, MO.
117 vi. Sigroid Clement Drury, born April 12, 1829 in Ste. Genevieve, MO.
118 vii. Michael Valent Drury, born July 27, 1832 in Ste. Genevieve, MO.
119 viii. Marie Josette Drury, born April 6, 1834 in Ste. Genevieve, MO. She married Gabriel Carron.
120 ix. Marie Louise Philomena Drury, born November 17, 1838 in Ste. Genevieve, MO.
121 x. Marie Louise Olive Drury, born January 23, 1841.
122 xi. William Clement Drury, born July 28, 1843.
123 xii. Eulalie Drury, born February 12, 1845.
124 xiii. Marie Olympe Drury, born November 22, 1847 in Ste. Genevieve, MO.
Generation No. 36
112. Clement Drury was born Abt. 1823 in Ste. Genevieve, MO. He married Marie Cornelia Carron October 3, 1848 in Ste. Genevieve, MO.
More About Clement Drury:
Burial: St. Joseph's Cem. Prarie du Rocher, IL
Children of Clement Drury and Marie
+ 125 i. Julian Clement "Jules" Drury, born July 14, 1849 in Ste. Genevieve, Missouri.
126 ii. Marie Desiree Drury, born November 29, 1850.
127 iii. Joseph John Drury, born October 18, 1852. He married Clothilda Calliot April 20, 1874 in Bloomsdale, Ste. Genevieve, MO.
128 iv. Carl Henry Drury, born May 30, 1857.
129 v. Siricius (Cyrus) Celeste Drury, born January 19, 1859 (Pictured ==>)
130 vi. Mary Philomena Drury, born December 28, 1861.
131 vii. Mary Philomena Drury, born March 27, 1864.
132 viii. Mary Philomena Genevieve Drury, born August 7, 1864.
133 ix. P. Louis Tobias Drury, born September 6, 1866.
134 x. Mary Locadie Felicite Drury, born September 1, 1869.
Generation No. 37
125. Julian Clement "Jules"
Drury, was born July 14, 1849 in Ste. Genevieve,
Missouri. He married Mary Jane Hipes on August 2, 1870.
Child of Julian Drury and Mariam Hipes is:
+ 135 i. Amos L. Drury, born November 14, 1871 in St. Genevieve, MO; died August 17, 1950.
135 ii. Landry J. Drury born July 12, 1899 and died Jan 30, 1940. He married Dora Dannenmueller.
135 iii. Moses B Drury born Mar 25, 1880 and died Jan 10, 1935. He married Meaney Blattel.
135 iv. Bertha Drury born June 14, 1833. She married Frank Clarkson.
135 v. Pete Drury died as an infant.
135 vi. Mary E. Drury born Apr 19, 1874. She married Louis Dannenmueller.
135 vii. Eugene Drury born Feb 2, 1894 and died May 1922 of suicide during depression.
135 viii. Anna Drury married Charles Hunter
135 ix. Gussie Drury died July 8, 1964 in Hot Springs, ARK,
135 x. Genevieve "Jenny" Drury married Charles Fink
Generation No. 38
135. Amos L. Drury
was born November 14, 1871 in St. Genevieve, MO, and died August
17, 1950. He married Bertha Emma Heisserer. They are both buried
in Calvary Cemetery, St. Louis City.
Children of Amos Drury and Bertha Heisserer are:
+ 145 i. Benjamin Charles Drury, born Oct 9, 1897
146 ii. Estella Drury, born September 1, 1900; died March 5, 1902.
147 iii. Lambert Clemente Drury, born August 12, 1902; died April 2, 1977 in Cape Giraurdeau, MO. He married Lorraine Dohogne.
148 iv. Sadie Emma Drury, born January 25, 1904 died June 3, 1993. She married E. Breher.
149 v. Gregory Louis Drury, born November 9, 1905; died March 3, 1966.
150 vi. Enos Joseph Drury, born September 14, 1907; died March 15, 1944.
151 vii. Magdela Amelis "Lee" Drury, living
152 viii. Emmett Joseph Drury, born April 10, 1911 died Aug 9, 1949. . He married Delores Goetz 153 ix. Anna Mae "Toots" Drury, living
+ 154 x. Ellen Marie "El" Drury, born October 27, 1916 in Cape Giraurdeau, Mo; died August 12, 1999 in St. Louis, MO.
+ 155 xi. Evonne Dorothy Drury, born September 16, 1918; died December 24, 1989
156 xii. John Drury, living
Generation No. 39
154. Ellen Marie Drury was born October
27, 1916 in Cape Giraurdeau, Mo, and died August 12, 1999 in St.
Louis, MO. She married Albert Conrad Schroeder, son of Peter
Schroeder and Augusta Viehman.
More About Ellen Marie Drury:
Burial: Calvary Cemetery, St. Louis City
More About Albert Conrad
Burial: Calvary Cemetery, St. Louis City
Comment 1: Was asked to play for the Washington Senators, but mother would not let him play b/c baseball players did not make enough $$
Military service: World War 2
Children of Ellen Drury and Albert
+ 163 i. Ellen Mae Schroeder living
+ 164 ii. Dennis Schroeder. living
+ 165 iii. Geri Schroeder. living
Generation No. 40
163. Ellen Mae Schroeder living.
She married William Arnold Bartelt in St. Jerome's Church, St.
Louis, MO, son of Arnold Bartelt and Charlotte Kirchner.
Children of Ellen Schroeder and William Bartelt are:
171 i. Michael William Bartelt, living He married Jill Selina Merritt in Tifton, GA.
172 ii. Becky Ann Bartelt, living
164. Dennis Schroeder. He married Sandra Todd in St. Louis, MO.
Children of Dennis Schroeder and Sandra Todd are:
173 i. Scott Schroeder. living
174 ii. Jeff Schroeder. living
165. Geri Schroeder . She married Bob Goeltz in St. Louis, MO.
Children of Geri Schroeder and Bob Goeltz are:
175 i. Willie Goeltz, living
176 ii. Tanya Goeltz, living
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