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Endnotes

1. John Tilton pension R. 10,610; Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files, 1800-1900; M804 (Washington, DC: National Archives), roll 2391.
2. 1810 U.S. census, Cayuga County, New York, population schedule, National Archives micropublication M252, roll 31.
3. 1820 U.S. census, Seneca County, New York, National Archives micropublication M33, roll 75.
4. 1830 U.S. census, Seneca County, New York, National Archives micropublication M19, roll 109.
5. The E. E. Case manuscript paper gives William's place of birth as Farmersville, Cattaraugus County, New York. The county was probably an addition by Dr. Case. It is likely that Mary (Gifford) Fralick simply reported her father's place of birth as Farmersville, New York.
6. Dr. Erastus Ely Case, Case Family manuscript, ca. 1910; Connecticut Historical Society, Hartford, CT. Hereinafter cited as Case Family manuscript.
7. Bradford County, Pennsylvania, Deed Books, County Clerk's Office, Towanda, PA. Hereinafter cited as Bradford Co. Deeds.
8. Clement F. Heverly, Pioneer and Patriot Families of Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1800-1825 (Towanda, PA: Bradford Star Print, 1915).
9. William Bradford Gifford, 1st New York Light Artillery, Eunice Gifford Mother's Pension Certificate 8,815, Pension Application Files Based upon Service in the Civil War and Spanish American War, 1861-1934, Records of the Veterans Administration, RG 15, National Archives.
10. 1830 U.S. census, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, National Archives micropublication M19, roll 145.
11. 1840 U.S. census, Seneca County, New York, National Archives micropublication M704, roll 339.
12. All children living in 1880 or later give their father's birthplace as New York in the federal censuses.
13. Evidence of this movement is found in settlement patterns of families from both areas and in extant church records of the time period.
14. 1870 U.S. census, Tioga County, Pennsylvania, population schedule, National Archives micropublication M593, roll 1457.
15. 1880 U.S. census, Tioga County, Pennsylvania, population schedule, National Archives micropublication T9, roll 1198.
16. Prospect Cemetery, Mansfield, (Tioga County), Pennsylvania; transcribed by Susan Goss Johnston, visits of 5 Aug 1988 and 13 Jul 1990.
17. cause of death: paralytic stroke.
18. Tioga County, Pennsylvania, Probate Recordsunknown detail, County Recorder's Office, Wellsboro.
19. The Mansfield Advertiser, Mansfield, Pennsylvania. Hereinafter cited as Mansfield Advertiser.
20. 1850 U.S. census, Tioga County, Pennsylvania, population schedule, National Archives micropublication M432, roll 830.
21. 1850 U.S. census, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, population schedule, National Archives micropublication M432, roll 756.
22. unknown compiler, 1860 U.S. census, Tioga County, Pennsylvania, population schedule, Vol. 69 (n.p.: n.pub.), Census Folder C61E-I.
23. Tioga County, Pennsylvania, Deed Books, County Recorder's Office, Wellsboro, PA. Hereinafter cited as Tioga Co., PA, Deeds.
24. History of Tioga County, Pennsylvania (n.p.: R. C. Brown & Co., 1897). Hereinafter cited as Tioga Co., PA, History.
25. Tioga Co., PA, Index to Land Records, 1807-1874; 1874-1883; 1883-1903, County Recorder's Office, Wellsboro, PA.
26. "Mrs. Eunice Gifford died very suddenly last Wed. afternoon between 1:30 and 2 o'clock, at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Plinn Davis, in this boro, aged 84 years and 5 months. ... the paralytic stroke which resulted in her death coming on a little before noon. Mrs. Gifford's husband died at Farmersville, N.Y., thirty-seven years ago... member of the Mansfield First Baptist Church, having united herself with that denomination in her native village more than half a century ago. She leaves besides Mrs. Davis, one daughter at Medina, N.Y., and two sons, H.H. and B.S. Gifford at Roscommon, Mich."
27. cause of death: typhoid fever.
28. unknown detail, William B. Gifford, Co. F, 1st New York Light Artillery , Civil War Service Records, Records of the Veterans Administration, RG 15, National Archives.
29. New York State Legislature, Annual Report of the Adjutant-General of the State of New York for the year 1896: Registers of the First and Second Regiments of New York Artillery, in the War of the Rebellion (Albany and New York: Wynkoop Hallenbeck Crawford Co., 1897). Hereinafter cited as Adjutant-General, NY.
30. unknown detail, Stephen D. Gifford, Co. F, 1st New York Light Artillery , Civil War Service Records, Records of the Veterans Administration, RG 15, National Archives.
31. Glenwood Cemetery, Troy, (Bradford County), Pennsylvania; transcribed by Susan Goss Johnston, visits of 5 Aug 1988, 8 Jul 1990, Jul 1996.
32. 1860 U.S. census, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, population schedule, National Archives micropublication M653, roll 1081.
33. "Whitman's Drum Taps and Washington's Civil War Hospitals" By: Angel Price, <http://xroads.virginia.edu/~CAP/hospital/whitman.htm>, accessed October 2001.
34. The term 'phthisis' is interpreted now as tuberculosis. However, it appears to have been used for any disease of the lungs which was accompanied by wasting of the body.
35. 1870 U.S. census, Ingham County, Michigan, population schedule, National Archives micropublication M593, roll 675.
36. 1860 U.S. census, Seneca County, New York, population schedule, National Archives micropublication M653, roll 861.
37. Leslie Local Republican, Leslie, Michigan, 4 Jan 1895 - 3 May 1967. Hereinafter cited as Leslie Local Republican.
38. Benjamin S. Gifford, 1st New York Light Artillery, Invalid Pension Certificate 175,194, Julia B. Gifford Widow's Pension Certificate 462,024 , Pension Application Files Based upon Service in the Civil War and Spanish American War, 1861-1934, Records of the Veterans Administration, RG 15, National Archives.
39. 1880 U.S. census, Roscommon County, Michigan, population schedule, National Archives micropublication T9, roll 601.
40. 1900 U.S. census, Lucas County, Ohio, population schedule, National Archives micropublication T623, roll 1297.
41. Roscommon County, Michigan, Death Records, 1874-1949, County Clerk's Office, Roscommon; microfilm no. 965,661, Family History Library, Salt Lake City, UT. Hereinafter cited as Roscommon Co., MI, Deaths.
42. Vital Records of Ingham County, Michigan, unknown detail, Library of Michigan, 717 W Allegan, P.O. Box 30007, Lansing, Ingham, MI 48909, F572.I15 V5 1936a.
43. Woodlawn Cemetery, Leslie, (Ingham County), Michigan; transcribed by Arthur Gifford Goss, photograph of 21 Sep 1983.
44. Woodlawn Cemetery, Leslie, (Ingham County), Michigan; Record of Burials, ca. 1864-1975, Michigan State Library microfilm F574.L48 W65Z.
45. unknown detail, Benjamin S. Gifford, Co. F, 1st New York Light Artillery , Civil War Service Records, Records of the Veterans Administration, RG 15, National Archives.
46. (Under the original 1862 Homestead Act, a person was required to live on and develop the land for a period of five years. This act shortened that residency requirement for "honorably discharged soldiers and sailors, their widows and orphan children.") Technically, Gifford's 160 acres, located in section 20 in township 25 North range 2 West [E½ of SW¼ and W½ of SE¼] may have been in Crawford County. A notice written by Henry H. Woodruff, clerk of the county court of Roscommon County and of the circuit court, states that "said claimant Benjamin S. Gifford resides in Crawford county - was [sic?] county has no organization as a county - and is adjoining to the county of Roscommon." However, Benjamin Gifford consistently states his residence as Roscommon.
47. Homestead Entry Case File Records of the Bureau of Land Management; Record Group 49, National Archives, unknown repository address.
48. 1884 state census, Roscommon County, Michigan, Schedule 1: Inhabitants; Library of Michigan microfilm HA447.R6 1884.
49. "Benjamin S Gifford was born at Troy, Penn, May 4th, 1829, and was married to Julia B Rappleye, Farmer Village, Seneca county, NY, July 23d, 1851. He leaves ... widow Mrs Julia B Gifford, two sons, Prof W W Gifford of Rochester, Mich, and Arthur H Gifford of Roscommon, Mich, and three daughters, Mrs Daniel Bennett of Detroit, Mrs M F Merrill of Roscommon and Mrs A T Southard of Toledo, Ohio. ... he had resided for the past 22 years at Roscommon... He enlisted in the Union army Oct 24th, 1861 ... bugler in Co F, 1st Regiment, NY Light Artillery. ...Services were held from his daughter's home at 58 Butternut St, Detroit ... and the remains brought to Leslie for interment. ... Master Mason ... Masonic burial service by Leslie Lodge No 212, F & A M ... formerly an honored member."
50. "Mr. Benjamin S. Gifford, of Roscommon, Mich., died at the home of his daughter, Mrs. D. Bennett, in Detroit, Mich., Tuesday morning, January 26, 1897. Mr. Gifford was a brother of Mrs. Plinn Davis, of Richmond, and Mrs. Charles M. Rumsey, of Sullivan. Up to 1875 Mr. Gifford was a resident of this boro, having run a photograph studio in a building standing where the bank block now stands. He served in the civil war in Co. F., First New York. ... The funeral service was conducted by the Masonic order of which he was a valued member."
51. 1850 U.S. census, Seneca County, New York, population schedule, National Archives micropublication M432, roll 597.
52. Office of Vital and Health Statistics, Lansing, MI.
53. 1910 U.S. census, Lucas County, Ohio, population schedule, National Archives micropublication T624, roll 1208.
54. Julia B. Gifford tombstone, Woodlawn Cemetery, Leslie (Ingham County), Michigan.
55. Obituary. Julia Basset Rappleye was born Nov. 30, 1831, near Farmerville, Covert township, Senneca [sic] county, N.Y. In 1851 she was united in marriage to Benjamin S. Gifford. To this union were born six children, four of whom survive her; also eight grand children, four great grandchildren, and one brother.
     She spent the early part of her life in Farmerville, coming to Michigan in the fall of 1854, and in the spring of 1855 located a short distance west of Teaspoon Corners. In the fall of the same year they bought the place now owned by Robert Scofield on South Main street. On account of ague,which was then prevalent in Michigan, they returned to Farmerville, but in July, 1867, they again made Leslie their home.
     She was an honored member of the Leslie Baptist church. During the last five years age weighted heavily upon her until the close, when she passed away Aug. 17, 1916. Her remains were brought to Leslie for burial and laid to rest. "Blessed are the dead who died in the Lord." Rev. H. A. McConnell conducted short services.
56. unknown repository, unknown repository address; visit of June 1983.
57. The tombstone is inscribed "Mariette// daughter of B.S. & Julia B. Gifford// died April 14, 1860// aged 2 years 4 mo's & 20 d's."
58. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Family History Resource File, 1880 U.S. census., CD-ROM (Salt Lake City, Utah: Family History Library). Hereinafter cited as FHL 1880 U.S. census.
59. Roscommon County, Michigan, Marriage Index, County Clerk's Office, Roscommon; microfilm no. 965,662, Family History Library, Salt Lake City, UT. Hereinafter cited as Roscommon Co., MI, Marriages.
60. Julia B. Gifford states in 1900 that she had 6 children, 4 of whom are still alive. William W., Arthur H., Mary Annette Bennett, and Cora Southard are known to be alive in 1900. Therefore, she must have died by this time.
61. Rhoda English Ladd, editor, Tioga County, Pennsylvania Records; Newspaper Files (n.p.: n.pub.). Hereinafter cited as Tioga Co., PA, Records.
62. cause of death: Bright's disease.
63. The Davis stone reads "Plinn Davis// born// Apr. 3, 1831// died// Feb. 5, 1890// Julia A. Davis// May 16, 1831// died// Apr. 1, 1906."
64. "Julia Ann Davis, widow of the late Pliny Davis, passed away at her home on Sunday last, in the 77th year of her age. Death was due to Bright's disease. ... She is survived by three children - Mrs. Frank Gillett, Miss Nettie Davis and Edward Davis. The funeral will be held at 2 o'clock this (Wednesday) afternoon from the Baptist church, the Rev. A.H. Simpson officiating."
65. cause of death: dropsy of the heart.
66. "Gifford-Davis family," e-mail message from Jeanne (Morgan) Smith (jmsmith61@yahoo.com) to Susan Goss Johnston.
67. Plinn Davis died in Richmond twp. 5 February [1890] at the age of 59 years 8 months; cause of death was dropsy of the heart. He was born in South Londonderry, Vermont April 3, 1831 and came here in 1838. He married Miss Julia Gifford in 1853. They had five children: Fanny (deceased); Mrs. Frank Gillett of Canoe Camp; Nett E: Edwin W. and Fred M. at home. Burial in Hope Cemetery, Mansfield.
68. Information on the license: John A Leonard, age 34, railroad fireman, parents: Daniel Webster & Mary J. Leonard, married Nettie E. Davis, parents Plinn & Julia A Davis, age 48, 17 Oct 1907, Presbyterian Church, Wellsboro, PA; first marriage for both; license also dated 17 Oct 1907.
69. Applications for Marriage Licenses, County Recorder's Office, Wellsboro, PA. Hereinafter cited as Tioga Co., PA, Marriages.
70. This face of the Davis stone reads "Edward W. Davis// born// June 13, 1868// died Oct. 12, 1899// Nett E.// born// June 8, 1857// died// Aug. 20, 1929// wife of// John C. Leonard."
71. This face of the Davis stone reads "Fannie D. Harris// born// Mar. 29, 1863// died// July 22, 1885// Eunice Gifford// born// Nov. 7, 1805// died// Apr. 10, 1890// Mother."
72. Harris, Mrs. Fannie Davis died Wed. last at her grandmothers Mrs. Gifford, age 22. She had been married to W. H. Harris a few months.
73. Edward W. Davis died two miles west of Mansfield, Oct. 12th, typhoid, son of Mrs. Plinn Davis. Deceased had one brother, two sisters and a fiance.
74. 1900 U.S. census, Orleans County, New York, population schedule, National Archives micropublication T623, roll 1142.
75. cause of death: pneumonia.
76. Orleans County, New York, GenWeb, online <http://www.rootsweb.com/~nyorlean/>. Hereinafter cited as Orleans Co., NY, GenWeb.
77. 1900 U.S. census, Benzie County, Michigan, population schedule, National Archives micropublication T623, roll 702.
78. Mary Fralick - Mrs. Mary Fralick, formerly of Medina, died at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Oscar Snyder, Thompsonville, Mich., November 30th, after a few days illness with pneumonia. The burial was at Thompsonville Cemetery.
79. Rhoda English Ladd, editor, Tioga County, Pennsylvania, Cemetery Records (n.p.: n.pub.). Hereinafter cited as Tioga Co., PA, Cemetery Records.
80. Charles M. Rumsey, 7th Pennsylvania Cavalry, Invalid Pension Certificate 431,751, Angeline E. Rumsey Widow's Pension Certificate A-3-1-30, XC 2,626,620 , Pension Application Files Based upon Service in the Civil War and Spanish American War, 1861-1934, Records of the Veterans Administration, RG 15, National Archives.
81. The tombstone transcription is entered as "Matilda G. , wife of Charles M. Rumsey, d. May 31, 1884, age 43 y's 4 m's 8 d's."
82. Joyce M. Tice, Tri-Counties Genealogy & History Sites, online <http://www.rootsweb.com/~patioga/>. Hereinafter cited as Tri-Counties Genealogy.
83. cause of death: chronic nephritis; contributory cause, chronic myocarditis.
84. L.B. Shaw, undertakers.
85. The tombstone transcription is "Ralph, son of Charles Rumsey, died Mar. 1, 1874, age 1 y 25 d's."
86. His date of birth, as calculated from age at death, is 16 February 1847. The death certificate is a transcription of the original record, so it is possible that the age at death could have been misread. 24 days could have been 21 days in the original.
87. 1910 U.S. census, Grand Traverse County, Michigan, population schedule, National Archives micropublication T624, roll 648.
88. cause of death: chronic interstitial nephritis; age 72 years 5 months 24 days, born in New York, parents listed as unknown.
89. Grand Traverse County Courthouse, Traverse City, MI.
90. 1880 U.S. census, Crawford County, Michigan, population schedule, National Archives micropublication T9, roll 577.
91. unknown detail Hiram H. Gifford, 26th Pennsylvania Emergency Militia, Invalid Pension Application 1,097,445, Pension Application Files Based upon Service in the Civil War and Spanish American War, 1861-1934, Records of the Veterans Administration, RG 15, National Archives.
92. Clement F. Heverly, Our Boys in Blue (Towanda: n.pub., 1908).
93. The Civil War Archive, Union Regimental Histories, online <http://www.civilwararchive.com/Unreghst/>. Hereinafter cited as Civil War Archive.
94. Scott L. Mingus, Military History Online, "Action at the Witmer Farm," online <http://www.militaryhistoryonline.com/gettysburg/articles/witmerfarm.asp>, downloaded October 2001. Hereinafter cited as Action at Witmer Farm.
95. cause of death: apoplexy; age 71 years 5 months 9 days, born in England, parents listed as unknown.
96. 1920 U.S. census, Grand Traverse County, Michigan, population schedule, National Archives micropublication T625, roll 767.
97. 1880 U.S. census, Ingham County, Michigan, population schedule, National Archives micropublication T9, roll 583.
98. 1900 U.S. census, Washtenaw County, Michigan, population schedule, National Archives micropublication T623, roll 746.
99. Daily Tribune, Royal Oak, Michigan. Hereinafter cited as Daily Tribune.
100. 1884 state census, Ingham County, Michigan, Schedule 1: Townships & Villages; Library of Michigan microfilm HA447.I5 1884, roll 1.
101. 1920 U.S. census, Wayne County, Michigan, population schedule, National Archives micropublication T625, roll 801.
102. (745) Funeral at Sparks Funeral Home, Rev. Eugene Miles Moore... (1247) d. Royal Oak, age 85, undertaker: Sparks, sexton: Lake.
103. Mrs. Mellisa E. Gifford, age 85, died in her home, 913 South Main St., Friday after an illness of six weeks. Born Oct. 16, 1856 in Leslie, she was married to the late William W. Gifford there 65 years ago. She had lived in Royal Oak for the last 18 years coming from Richester & Chelsea where her husband was superintendent of schools.
      She leaves a son, Lloyd A., with whom she lived.
      Funeral service at 11 a.m., Tuesday . . . Rev. Eugene Miles Moore . . . Sparks Funeral Home, 333 E. First St. Burial - Woodlawn Cemetery, Leslie.
104. cause of death: bronchopneumonia.
105. (973) d. age 70, Royal Oak, MI; undertaker: Sullivan & Sons; sexton: Stevens, cause of death: bronchopneumonia.
106. 1900 U.S. census, Wayne County, Michigan, population schedule, National Archives micropublication T623, roll 749.
107. 1920 U.S. census, Wayne County, Michigan, population schedule, unknown repository micropublication T625, roll 806.
108. Roscommon News, Roscommon, Michigan, 19 Jun 1885 - Dec 1911. Hereinafter cited as Roscommon News.
109. ; Veterans Administration Pension Payment Cards, 1907-1933; microfilm M1850 (Washington: National Archives and Records Administration).
110. Roscommon County Historical Committee, Roscommon County Centennial, 1875-1975 (Roscommon, Michigan: Graphic Arts Press, circa 1975). Hereinafter cited as Roscommon County Centennial.
111. Roscommon-1885, Roscommon, Michigan, July Issue, 1981. Hereinafter cited as Roscommon-1885.
112. cause of death: typhoid pneumonia.
113. Died: Bennett: At the residence of the bereaved parents in this village, at 5 o'clock a.m. Sunday, Jan 9, 1887, Alfred G, only son of Mr and Mrs Daniel Bennett, of typhoid pneumonia, aged 1 year and 6 months. ... funeral services held Tuesday at 10:30 am at the residence and were conducted by the Rev G C Dalgliesh, of the Congregational Church."
114. Certification of Vital Records, State Department of Health, Sacramento, CA.
115. 1900 U.S. census, Larimer County, Colorado, population schedule, National Archives micropublication T623, roll 126.
116. 1910 U.S. census, Larimer County, Colorado, population schedule, National Archives micropublication T624, roll 121.
117. 1920 U.S. census, Los Angeles County, California, population schedule, National Archives micropublication T625, roll 106.
118. Lakeside Cemetery, Loveland, (Larimer County), Colorado.
119. Bill of Complaint states Arthur H Gifford guilty of several acts of non-support. Isabella A Gifford granted custody of Louise A Gifford, issue to said marriage.
120. Records of the Circuit Court for the County of Roscommon, State of Michigan, Roscommon County Courthouse, Roscommon, MI.
121. cause of death: cardiac decompensation of 6 wks duration due to senility; he died in Washington Hospital; resided 10507 Butterfield Rd, W Los Angeles; widowed; parents: Benjamin Gifford & Julia Rappleye; informant: stepdaughter Evelyn Goss; funeral director: Utter-McKinley Mortuaries, 8814 Sunset Blvd, Hollywood; burial: Loveland Cem, Loveland CO; birthdate: 13 Nov 1864, ae 81y 5m 8d; wife: Lena Gifford.
122. Larimer County, Colorado, Probate Records, Larimer County Courthouse, Fort Collins, CO.
123. Kendall Hammond, undertaker.
124. The Loveland (Colo.) Reporter Herald, Loveland, Colorado. Hereinafter cited as Loveland Reporter.
125.      Arthur H. Gifford, 80, a resident of Loveland for fifty years, died in the hospital at Culver City, California, Sunday morning, following an extended illness. The deceased went to Los Angeles late in 1944 after the death of his wife, Mrs. Lena Barnes Gifford in July.
     Mr. and Mrs. Gifford were married in Detroit, Michigan, in 1895, and came to Loveland to make their home. Mrs. Gifford had been to Detroit previously to visit Mr. Gifford's sister, Mrs. Bennett, a former resident of Loveland... [He] was a prominent member of the Methodist church, the Loveland Masonic lodge, and served on the City Council and acted as deputy assessor several terms. ...
     Survivors are a daughter, Mrs. Eva Goss, of Hollywood, California; two grandchildren, Mrs. F.S. Macknight and Jack O. Goss, of Hollywood, and two sisters living in the east. Mrs. Macknight, the former Daphne Goss, will accompany Mr. Gifford's body to Loveland. ...
     The funeral will be at the Loveland Methodist church at 2 p.m. Thursday.
126. I, Arthur H. Gifford, of Loveland, Larimer County, Colorado, do hereby make, publish and declare this my Last Will and Testament...
     Second: All the rest, residue and remainder of my estate, real, personal and mixed, wheresoever situate, of which I may die seized or possessed, or to which I may be entitled at the time of my decease, I give, devise and bequeath to Evelyn Goss of Los Angeles, California, to have and to hold to her and her heirs absolutely and forever; provided, however, that should Evelyn Goss predecease me, then and in that event I give, devise and bequeath the residue of my estate to my sister, Cora Southard, of Toledo, Ohio. . . .
     Fourth: I make this my Last Will and Testament with the full knowledge and recognition that I now have a natural daughter who was christened Louise A. Gifford who, according to my last information, resides in Detroit, Michigan, but with whom I have had no association or contact since her early childhood. . .
Wits: B.J. Oates and Geraldine Fenton
Exec: Hatfield Chilson.
127. Courier's Fort Collins & Larimer Co. Directory (n.p.: R. L. Polk Co., various dates). Hereinafter cited as Loveland (Colorado) City Directory.
128. March 27, 1868 "Amelia" [name written in over/under a wavy line running between the quotation marks] Carpenter, girl, Zilwaukee; parents: Charles Carpenter & Amelia Dupraw; residence & birthplace Zilwaukee; Occ: farmer.
129. Saginaw County, Michigan, Births, 1867-1875, County Clerk's Office, Saginaw; microfilm no. 0,967,179, Family History Library, Salt Lake City, UT. Hereinafter cited as Saginaw Co., MI, Births.
130. 1900 U.S. census, Wayne County, Michigan, population schedule, National Archives micropublication T623, roll 752.
131. 1910 U.S. census, Wayne County, Michigan, population schedule, National Archives micropublication T624, roll 686.
132. cause of death: coronary thrombosis; ae 84 yrs.
133. Acacia Park Cemetery, Birmingham, (Oakland County), Michigan.
134. Section D, Lot S/2-117, Grave 8.
135. 1870 U.S. census, Saginaw County, Michigan, population schedule, National Archives micropublication M593, roll 701.
136. 1880 U.S. census, Iosco County, Michigan, population schedule, National Archives micropublication T9, roll 584.
137. cause of death: endocarditis, J.L. Waldner, physician.
138. 1920 U.S. census, Lucas County, Ohio, population schedule, National Archives micropublication T625, roll 1409.
139. Aldeneau T Southard, 28, b & res/Toledo, OH, salesman, pts: James T Southard & Eliza Fisher and Cora E Gifford, 19, b/Leslie, res/Roscommon, housekeeper, pts: Benjamin S Gifford & Julia B Rappleye; wits: Wm & Eliza Holland [marriage license 8 May 1893].
140. Information from "Ohio Death Certificate Index" by the Ohio Historical Society, <http://www.ohiohistory.org/dindex/index.cfm>, accessed 29 Sep 2001; Alderma[n] T. Southard, d. 6/17/1935, Lucas County Deaths, vol. 7856, cert. no. 38348.
141. Social Security Administration, Social Security Death Benefit Records, 1937 through December 1993., CD-ROM 110 (n.p.: Automated Research, Inc., September 1994). Hereinafter cited as Social Security Death Index.
142. Social Security Death Index, online http://ssdi.genealogy.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/ssdi.cgi. Hereinafter cited as SSDI.
143. The license application, dated 27 April 1895, gives the following information: Fred M. Davis, of Richmond, age 25, farmer, son of Plin and Julia A. Davis to Cora Estella Baynes, of Richmond, age 25, teacher, daughter of John T. and Elizabeth Baynes, married 1 May 1895, Mansfield, Pennsylvania.
144. Davis stone reads "Fred M.// born// June 20, 1869// died// Jan. 19, 1950// wife// Cora E.// born// Mar. 25, 1870// died// Feb. 29, 1968."
145. Davis stone reads "Fred M.// born// June 20, 1869// died// Jan. 19, 1950// wife// Cora E.// born// Mar. 25, 1870// died// Feb. 23, 1968."
146. FRALIC, DIANA (CONKLEY) 2/7/1865 D:8/13/1937 BUFFALO, N.Y. BORN: MICHIGAN, FATHER: SAMUEL CONKLEY, MOTHER: SOPHIA NORTHRUP [note there are no other Fralic/Fralick names in the Orleans Co., Cemetery Index].
147. cause of death: consumption of six months' duration, age 24 years 1 month 9 days. He was a farmer, born and died in Sullivan twp., buried in Mainesburg Cemetery.
148. Tioga County, Pennsylvania, Index of Deaths, 1893--, County Recorder's Office, Wellsboro, PA. Hereinafter cited as Tioga Co., PA, Deaths (Index).
149. The tomstone was transcribed as "Matilda, his daughter [D. Clark Rumsey], 1893-1911."
150. Michigan State Library, Michigan Pioneer Records, Family data sheets, 1964; Library of Michigan, Lansing, Michigan. Hereinafter cited as Michigan Pioneer Records.
151. Grand Traverse County Clerk's Office, Grand Traverse County [Michigan] Death and Marriage Records Index, online http://www.tcnet.org/gtcounty/index.html, downloaded 2001. Hereinafter cited as Grand Traverse Co., MI, Vital Records.
152. 1910 U.S. census, Benzie County, Michigan, population schedule, National Archives micropublication T624, roll 637.
153. HIRAM GIFFORD 12 Sep 1901 Nov 1976 48915 (Lansing, Ingham, MI) (none specified) 384-38-2316 Michigan from Social Security Death Index, <http://ssdi.genealogy.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/ssdi.cgi>, accessed 30 Sep 2001.
154. GIFFORD, CHRISTINE G d. 04-24-1961, accessed September 2001; not in SSDI.
155. GRAY, LEWIS md. GIFFORD, EUNICE 1934 Liber 5, page 017 from Grand Traverse County, Michigan, Records Index, <http://www.tcnet.org/gtcounty/index.html>, accessed 30 Sep 2001.
156. GRAY, EUNICE CHRISTINE d. 07-20-1997 from Grand Traverse County, Michigan, Records Index, <http://www.tcnet.org/gtcounty/index.html>, accessed 30 Sep 2001
EUNICE GRAY 14 Apr 1911 20 Jul 1997 49686 (Traverse City, Grand Traverse, MI) (none specified) 378-48-4300 Michigan from Social Security Death Index, <http://ssdi.genealogy.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/ssdi.cgi>, accessed 30 Sep 2001.
157. BLACKMAN, SHIRLEY d. 04-02-1985 from Grand Traverse County, Michigan, Records Index, <http://www.tcnet.org/gtcounty/index.html>, accessed 30 Sep 2001
SHIRLEY BLACKMAN 01 Jun 1896 Apr 1985 49684 (Traverse City, Grand Traverse, MI) (none specified) 381-52-2329 Michigan from Social Security Death Index, <http://ssdi.genealogy.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/ssdi.cgi>, accessed 30 Sep 2001.
158. 1920 U.S. census, Inyo County, California, population schedule, National Archives micropublication T625, roll 94.
159. Roscommon County Centennial, 1875-1975, no author, n.d., n. pub.
160. Letter from Lorene (Gifford) Goss (8431 Mammoth Ave., Panorama City, CA) to Judith Lorene Goss, 4 March 1966; Papers of Susan (Goss) Johnston (3535 Falling Run Rd., Laurel, MD).
161. 1910 U.S. census, Wayne County, Michigan, population schedule, National Archives micropublication T624, roll 680.
162. "unknown subject," e-mail message from Merv Goss to Susan Goss Johnston. Hereinafter cited as "Devon Goss Families".
163. RootsWeb, California Birth Records, online <http://vitals.rootsweb.com/ca/birth/search.cgi>. Hereinafter cited as CA Online Birth Records.
164. Files searched by Elizabeth I. Johnston, July 2001, include an Index to Marriages 1904-1906 and Re-recorded Marriages 1860-1973.
165. Photograph of company employees, reverse.
166. Brother's Keeper Files of Virginia Wright Software (n.p.: Parrot, Virginia Wright). Hereinafter cited as Brother's Keeper Files.
167. Letter from Virginia Lynn Wright (unknown author address) to unknown recipient, 4 June 1992; Virginia Lynn Wright (unknown repository address). Lorene Gifford & Leslie Allen Goss descendants to 1992; most complete on Malcolm Wright Goss family.
168. Vermont State Archives, Montpelier, VT.
169. Interview with Arthur Gifford Goss (Tucson, Arizona), by Susan Goss Johnston, 1980. Papers of Susan (Goss) Johnston.
170. The Caledonian Record, St. Johnsbury, Vermont. Hereinafter cited as Caledonian.