CLANS AND TARTANS
City Librarian, Glasgow
Foreword by His Grace
THE DUKE OF MONTROSE, C.B., C.V.O.
LONDON AND GLASGOW
Toronto New York Sydney Auckland
First Published, July 1938
CAMBELL OF ARGYLL
Known as the race of’ Diarmid, the Clan Campbell was for centuries a most powerful influence in Argyll aid the West of Scotland. In the thirteenth century Archibald Campbell obtained the Lordship of Lochow through his marriage with the daughter of the King’s Treasurer, aid for a long period thereafter the Campbells of Lochow formed one of the chief branches of the clan.
Sir Cohn, of Lochow, the progenitor of the Campbells of Argyll, was knighted in 1280, and from him the chiefs of the Argyll family received the designation, MacCailean Mor, retained by the Dukes of Argyll till the present day. His descendent Sir Duncan was created a peer by King James II. in 1445, and Duncan’s grandson Colin was created Earl of Argyll in 1457. Archibald, his son, who was Lord High Chancellor, was killed at Flodden in 1513.
Archibald, 5th Earl, although a prominent Reformer, commanded the army of Queen Mary at the Battle of Langside, while his brother Cohn supported the young king. Archibald, 7th Earl, commanded the army which was defeated by the Earls of Huntly and Errol in 1594. His son was the leader of the Covenanters. He was created Marquis in 1641, but in spite of his loyalty was beheaded in 1661. His son Archiblad was also beheaded for his part in the Monmouth rebellion. Archibald, 10th Earl, returned with William of Orange, and by him was elevated to a Dukedom. John, 2nd Duke of Argyll, was created Duke of Greenwich in the peerage of the United Kingdom.
The present chief of the clan is Sir Niall Diarmid Campbell, 10th - Duke of Argyll.
Crest: A boar’s head, fesswise, couped or. Badge: Fir club moss, Bog myrtle. War Cry: Cruachan. Pipe music: Baile Ionaraora (“The Campbell’s are coming”).
There is a Clan Campbell Society with headquarters in Glasgow.
The progenitor of this ancient clan is alleged to be Nachtan Mor who lived about tenth century. The clan is supposed to be one of those transferred from the province of Moray to the crown lands in Strathtay by Malcolm TV. About a century later they possessed lands bordering on Loch Awe and Loch Fyne, and in 1267 Gilchrist MacNaughtan and his heirs were apnointed by Alexander III. keepers of the Castle of Fraoch Eilean in Loch Awe. The MacNaughtans also held the castles of Dubh-Loch in Glen Shira, and Dunderave on Loch Fyne.
Donald MacNaughtan opposed Bruce and lost most of his possessions, but in the reign of David II. the fortunes of the MacNaughtans were somewhat restored by the grant of lands in Lewis. Alexander, chief of the clan, who was knighted by James IV., was killed at the Battle of Flodden in 1513. The MacNaughtans remained loyal to the Stuarts and after the Restoration, the chief, Alexander, was knighted by Charles II. He died in London, and his son, John, fought at Killiecrankie in 1698. The estates passed out of the family about 1691.
At a meeting of the clan held in 1878 it was resolved that Sir Francis E. MacNaughten of Dunderawe, Bushmills, Ireland, was the lineal descendant of the family of the chief through Shane Dubh, the grandson of Sir Alexander MacNaughtan, who fell at Flodden and who went to Ireland. 1580. The present chief is Sir Francis, 8th Baronet.
Crest: A castle embattled, gules. Badge: Trailing azalea. War Cry: Fraoch Eileen (Heathery island).
THE SCOTTISH CLANS AND THEIR TARTANS: History of EachClan and Full List of Septs 24th Ed. W. & A. K.Johnston, Ltd. Edinburgh and London 1935. Printed in Edinburgh, Scotland.
Naclaughton Gaelic, MacNeachdian; O.G., Nectan (p.21)
MacVicar, Gaelic, MacBhiocair, “Son of Vicar” 22)
A List of Clan Septs and Dependents
Macknight MacNaughton 46)
MacVicar MacNaughton 50)
Weir MacNaughton, MacFarlane 55)
MacNuir MacNaughton 48)
MacNiven Cumin, Mackintosh, MacNaughton 48)
MacNauchton MacNaughton 48)
MacNaughtan MacNaughton 48)
MacNaughton MacNaughton 48)
MacNair MacFarlane, MacNaughton 48)
MacNachdan MacNaughton 48)
MacNachton MacNaughton 48)
MacNaghten MacNaughton 48)
MacHendrie MacNaughton 44)
MacBrayne MacNaughton 39)
Kendrick MacNaughton 37)
Hendrie MacNaughton 36)
Hendry MacNaughton 36)
THE CLAN MLCNAUGHTON: WarCry: “Fraoch Eilean” (“The Heathery Isle,” Loch Awe). Badge: Lus Albanach (Trailing Azalea).
The earliest authentic reference to the Clan MacNaughton connects them with
Strathtay and Argyllshir. The name Nectan is Pictish, and in the 12th century the
Clan MacNaughton were proprietors of Strathtay, and were styled Toiseachs or Thanes
of Lochtay. In the 13th century we find them possessing land in Argyllshire.
These possessions extended over the upper part of Locbawe, Glenara, Glenshira, and
Loch Fyne. Their strongholds were ‘Fraoch Eilean” Castle, Loch Awe, Castle
Dubh-Loch in Glenara, and the more modern castle of Dundarave on Loch Fyne.
Alexander III. in 1267 granted to Gillichrist MacNachdan the keeping of his castle of Fraoch Eilean (Heathery Isle), Loch Awe, so that they should causeit to be built and repaired at the King’s expense, as often as needful, and keep it safely for the King’s necessity; and that as often as he should come to it, the castle, well furnished, should be delivered to him to lodge and dwell there at his pleasure. Between the years 1390 and 1406 Robert III. confirmed Maurice MacNaughtane a grant by Colin Campbell of Lochow, in heritage of various lands in Over-Lochow.
In 1691 the MacNaughton estates were forfeited.. The last of the MacNaughtons of Dundarave was John, who married about 1700 a daughter of Sir James Campbell, the last of the Campbells of Ardkinglass in the direct male line. It is said thatArdkinglass, Laban-like, deceived Maclaughton, who found himself married to the eldest daughter instead of the second. Local tradition saysthat the following day MacNaughton and. the second daughter fled to Ireland, leaving his wife lamenting. Sir Francis MacNaughton of Dundarave, Bushmills, Antrim, 8th Baronet, is the present Chief.
On the right hand page to the above text (left hand page) isthe tartan
Books on Scottish History, Topography, Family History, Genealogy, etc., William Brown (W. Brown Bookseller, Ltd.), 18a George Street, Edinburgh, Scotland. (Established 1877).
Scottish Books... History, Family History and Genealogy, etc. John Orr, Bookseller and. Printseller, 74 George Street, Edinburgh (Book from which above is compiled borrowed from Public Library, Iowa City, Ia.)
[A00173 Transcribed from JRM notes by James B. McVicker 5/14/2005]