Descendants of Richard Hough
Generation No. 1
1. RICHARD1 HOUGH was born Abt. 1650 in Macclesfield, Cheshire, England, and died March 25, 1705 in Bucks County, Pennsylvania. He married MARGERY CLOWES March 17, 1683/84 in Middleton MM, Bucks County, Pennsylvania, daughter of JOHN CLOWES and MARGERY ?.
Notes for RICHARD HOUGH: Richard Hough - born abt. 1645 Macclesfield Cheshire, England; died May 25, 1705 Bucks Co. PA; married March 17, 1684 Margery Clowes. Will dated May 1, 1704; proved June 11, 1705. (More notes on the life of Richard Hough, the Emigrant.)
Children of RICHARD HOUGH and MARGERY CLOWES are:
Generation No. 2
2. JOHN2 HOUGH (RICHARD1) was born September 18, 1693 in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, and died 1761 in Bucks County, Pennsylvania. He married ELIZABETH TAYLOR March 04, 1718/19 in Falls Mm, Bucks County, Pennsylvania, daughter of PHILIP TAYLOR and JULIANNA LYDDON.
Notes for JOHN HOUGH: John Hough born September 18, 1693 Bucks County, Pennsylvania; died 1761; married June 1, 1719 Elizabeth Taylor.
John Hough, the father of those Houghs who removed to Loudoun County, Virginia, was born in Bucks Co., September 18, 1693. He inherited his father's upper tract adjacent to the Manor of the Highlands, and which was later included in the new township of upper Makefield. He, too, built a stone house here, which he called "Houghton."
He married Elizabeth Taylor probably in May of 1719 (he was reported married at Falls Meeting held June 1, 1719). Over the next 20 years they had eleven children.
John Hough, located in Loudoun County. John, Jr. in 1744, Joseph in 1768, Benjamin, though he remained in Pa., had a son Benjamin who removed to Loudoun about 1810; Isaac, too, remained in Pa., but he owned land in Loudoun, and his son John and daughters Elizabeth Gilbert and Eleanor Craven went to Loudoun; Samuel, through inference, is suspected to have gone to Loudoun County; William also is believed to have removed from Buckingham Township, Bucks County Pennsylvania to Loudoun County, Virginia in 1775 with his family.
John Hough died in 1761 intestate, and , oddly, there seems to have been no administration of his estate. None of his children are known to have lived there; yet some years later Bernard Taylor, nephew of Elizabeth Taylor who married John Hough, acquired this land, which passed to his son Benjamin, and later to his son Mahlon Kirkbride Taylor, who founded the town of Taylorsville on this "upper tract." It is possible there were deeds, unrecorded, from John to the Taylors, but there is also a possibility that he lost his land; even possibly prior to his death.
In 1723 a General Loan Office of Pa. was opened. Among the first applicants for a loan on their land were Richard Hough, Jr., and John. John on May 1, 1723 hocked his 340 acres for 100 pounds at 5% interest. Richard, Jr. did likewise on the same date, but on Richard's mortgage there is a notation "Satisfied April 5, 1728 by Mortgagor," while John's mortgage lacks any indication that it was ever paid. An examination of the books of the General Loan Office might provide the answer as to what happened to this land.
Children of JOHN HOUGH and ELIZABETH TAYLOR are:
Generation No. 3
3. JOHN3 HOUGH (JOHN2, RICHARD1) was born January 03, 1719/20 in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, and died April 1797 in Loudoun County, Virginia. He married SARAH JANNEY September 03, 1742 in Makefield, Bucks County, Pennsylvania, daughter of JOSEPH JANNEY and REBECKAH BILES.
Notes for JOHN HOUGH: John Hough, Jr. - Born January 3, 1720 Bucks County, Pa.; died April 1797 Loudoun County, Virginia; married 1742 Sarah Janney. Will dated February 21, 1797; proved April 10, 1797.
John Hough, Jr., the eldest son of John Hough of "Houghton" "the upper tract" in Bucks Co., Pa., and Elizabeth Taylor, his wife, was born in Bucks County, January 3, 1720. He married in 1742 in Bucks County, Pa., Sarah Janney. They were probably married at Falls Meeting, though not mentioned in the records. As good Quakers, they were given a certificate to Kennett MM. in 1743, and almost immediately moved to Loudoun County, Va., where they were received at Hopewell Meeting July 1744 on a certificate from Newark dated July 14, 1744. Fairfax Meeting had not been started and Loudoun was within the verge of Hopewell in Frederick County, Va.
He obtained from the proprietaries some 17 land grants between 1752 and 1796, for a total of 6459 acres. (Two of these, maybe more, might have been granted to another John Hough.) (See Appendix: North Neck Land Grants.) He also purchased much land prior to the creation of Loudoun County in 1757 from Fairfax County, which was mentioned in deeds disposing of such purchased land. Much of this he farmed with hired help, such as Ambrose Coffee, Samuel, Robert Neal, James and Peter Pickler, for whom he was taxed (see Appendix: Tithables 1765-1799).
John, as we shall call John, Jr. for that (with few exceptions) is what he was called in Loudoun County, continued to buy land and grist mills, selling other unproductive land, generally paying cash, but accepting bonds at interest on his sales. (See Appendix: Deeds.)
He also entered into several partnerships; one with Joseph Janney of Leesburg, which included a store in Leesburg, and another with Abraham Barnes Thompson Mason, his son-in-law, in land and milling.
John Hough, in addition to being, as he called himself, a farmer, was also a Surveyor. Although tradition and published material claim he was a surveyor for Lord Fairfax, there are no records of such an appointment. Since he bought several "spreads" from George William Fairfax, it is likely that he surveyed these parcels. He was, however, employed by Nicholas Minor to lay out the town of Georgetown, later known as Leesburg, and together with Minor, Ludlow Lee and others, was one of the first Trustees of the town. He also designed and possibly built, the famous still-used Laurel Brigade Inn in Leesburg. He was once referred to in deeds as "gentleman."
Such wheeling and dealing brought John a sizable fortune, of which he wisely disposed by his Will to his children and his orphaned grandchildren. One might suppose the distribution of such wealth would bring happiness and harmony to his descendants, but this was not to be, as will be seen.
He built, and probably completed before 1750, his home which he called "Cordy Hall." This beautiful red brick mansion (which John called his "Mansion House") built with brick said to have been brought from England as ballast for ships, is still standing and occupied. It is about 2 miles northwest of Waterford, just across Catocton Creek. Near the road is a bronze marker set in a large boulder: "Cordy Hall. Built 1744 by John Hough (b. 1720, d. 1797) George Washington was his guest June 1 and 2, 1788 (see Washington's Diary). Erected by descendants of John Hough under the auspices of Thomas Nelson Chapter, D.A.R. April 1938."
John Hough was also involved in Washington's scheme to provide ship transportation above the Great Falls of the Potomac, by providing a canal with locks. John Hough was on of the managers of the company in 1770 and in 1774 was a trustee of the company, along with George Washington, his partner Joseph Janney and others. (Md. Hist. Mag: 14: 346)
Contrary to good Quaker discipline, which forbade bringing suit in a Court of Law, John Hough remained in good standing while bringing suits against his creditors for debt, suing in a single day as many as ten different creditors.
John Hough served as Sergeant in Capt. William Sanford's Co., 2nd Regiment, Continental Forces, Commanded by Alexander Spotswood, Esq. (M.D. DAR). This was not mentioned in Fairfax minutes, nor was John condemned for this military and non-Quaker activity.
So, what with farming and surveying his farms, surveying townsites, designing and building buildings and canals, acting as Town and Company Trustee, buying and selling land, suing his neighbors, John Hough must have been a busy man.
But not too busy to (with an assist from Sarah) have nine children. He obviously also had a large hand in their education, since at least three of his sons (William, Amos, and Mahlon) were well-trained surveyors, a profession which they practiced in addition to farming and land development.
There must have been a spark of love and generosity in John, for he gave several gifts of land, not equitably, but no doubt where most needed. His first was to son Samuel in 1788 (Samuel was then age 35 with at least 2 children), a part of his lot #13 in Leesburg for "love and affection;" the second gift to son Mahlon in 1788 "for love and affection and 20 pounds sterling," 150 acres of land (Mahlon was then 32, married and with several children); the third to his son William in 1790 also "for love and affection and 20 pounds," 415 acres adjacent to the land of his deceased son John Hough, Jr. (William was then age 46, married with ten children and the eleventh on the way); fourth to his nephew William (called the Third), son of brother Joseph "for good will and affection, and for his future support," and 10 pounds, 124 acres.
John probably also doled out small sums of cash to his children and grandchildren, but these were not gifts, for he kept books on every cash outlay, and ordered in his Will that any such advances shown in his books be deducted from their inheritance.
John Hough died in early April 1797. His Will, "wrote by my own hand," was dated February 21, 1797 and proved April 10, 1797. He provided for all his children (except Joseph died 1769 and Elizabeth died 1774, and John Jr. (3rd) died 1789) and some of his grandchildren: Elizabeth (Nicklin), Mary, Rachel, Sarah and Samuel, children of John, Jr. (3rd). Not mentioned specifically was Isaac, eldest son of John, Jr., by then quite prosperous in his own right. He also provided for Benjamin Hough Canby, but did not mention John Hough Canby, his brother. However, both Isaac Hough and John Hough Canby did inherit by virtue of the distribution of a residue from certain sources, though omitted by name. His estate was not settled until After April 1830, over 33 years after his death.
No record exists for the date of Sarah's death, but she did survive John, and was to have been provided for by Jonah, which explains why Jonah was the only legatee to receive full inheritance at once from the executors. Sarah probably died between 1797 and 1804, when Jonah removed to Goose Creek MM without his mother.
Sarah Janney, born about 1722 was the daughter of Joseph and Rebecca (Biles) Janney who were married June 18, 1703 Falls MM. Joseph Janney born March 26, 1675 was the son of Thomas Janney born 1632 Styall, England, to America on the "Endeavor" 1683 with Richard Hough, and who was a Provincian Counsellor; this Thomas being son of Thomas 4, Randle3, Thomas2, Randle1 Janney of Styall Parish, Wilmslowe, Cheshire, England. Sarah's mother was Rebecca Biles, daughter of William Biles, also of Cheshire and a Provincial Counsellor. There are many good articles on Janney and Biles in Pa. Mag., Quaker records, etc.
Children of JOHN HOUGH and SARAH JANNEY are:
Generation No. 4
4. WILLIAM4 HOUGH (JOHN3, JOHN2, RICHARD1) was born November 24, 1744 in Loudoun County, Virginia, and died April 18, 1815 in Waterford, Fairfax County, Virginia. He married ELEANOR HITE December 17, 1766 in Loudoun County, Virginia.
Children of WILLIAM HOUGH and ELEANOR HITE are:
Generation No. 5
5. JOHN5 HOUGH (WILLIAM4, JOHN3, JOHN2, RICHARD1) was born September 08, 1767, and died March 1817. He married JANE BRADEN Bef. August 24, 1788 in Loudoun County, Virginia.
Children of JOHN HOUGH and JANE BRADEN are:
iv. ANN NANCY HOUGH1, b. 1791; d. 1840, Loudoun County, Virginia1; m. ELIJAH PEACOCK.
v. ELIZABETH HOUGH, b. Abt. 1793.
vi. HARRIET HOUGH, b. Abt. 1795.
vii. REBECCA HOUGH, b. Abt. 1797.
viii. JOHN HOUGH, b. Abt. 1800.
ix. WILLIAM T. HOUGH, b. December 25, 1811.
6. ELIZABETH5 HOUGH (WILLIAM4, JOHN3, JOHN2, RICHARD1) was born December 11, 1777, and died May 22, 1848 in Loudoun County, Virginia. She married JOHN SCHOOLEY June 01, 1796 in Fairfax Meeting House, Loudoun County, Virginia.
Children of ELIZABETH HOUGH and JOHN SCHOOLEY are:
Richard HOUGH - Margery CLOWES | John HOUGH - Elizabeth TAYLOR | John HOUGH - Sarah JANNEY | William HOUGH - Elizabeth HITE | John HOUGH - Jane BRADEN | Ann Nancy HOUGH - Elijah PEACOCK
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