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CHAPTER EIGHT        THE  HAWXHURST  LINE  

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  Branches: Alling,  Cock, Cole, Feake,  Fones, Harcutt, Hawxhurst, Hallock, King, Oakley,  Potter , Powell, Prior, Ruddock, Smith, Swazey, Townsend, Underhill, Washburne, Willets, Wood.

This branch of the family is mainly from Long Island, many of them Quakers. It is a group of very independent people, a strange mixture of rebels and reactionaries. There is considerable intermarrying between the different families of this line. So many references will be to articles that have been published in Long Island Families, a collection of articles published in the New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, that I shall just refer to them by the surname of the author and LIF.  Similarly, Quakers listed in the Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy, will have as reference EAQ.

Hawxhurst Family

1. CHRISTOPHER1 HAWXHURST was born in Nuneaton, Warwick. England at an unknown time, probably about 1620, and died after 1683 in Oyster Bay, Long Island. He married about 1655, MARY RUDDOCK, who was born in Providence, Rhode Island about 1638, and died in Oyster Bay after 1678, daughter of Henry and Mabel (Burroughs) Ruddock. (The date of his birth is approximated by me from the date of his marriage). He was the second son of Samson Hawxhurst who was the Vicar of Nuneaton in 1626. Samson was the son of another Christopher, also a Vicar, of St. Chad, Shrewsbury, Shropshire who had been appointed to this position on the accession of Queen Elizabeth.

Not being the eldest son, our Christopher did not enter the ministry, but instead struck out for America, arriving sometime before 1643. At that time he was named as one of a commission to pick up escaped prisoners, Gortonites, at Shawomet, .now Warwick, Rhode Island. (See about Gorton under Porter Family.) He was the brother of Mary Hawxhurst, the second wife of Robert Cole. He must have been impressed by Gorton's friends for by 1655 he had joined the group at Warwick who were living with Gorton after his return from prison. That year he was made freeman, elected deputy to the Rhode Island General Court, and also married. Christopher and Mary stayed in Warwick for ten years, then moved with Richard Townsend to Oyster Bay on Long Island; where he bought lot number 60, seventy acres at Matinecock. (Miller, LIF, 1:478-9)

Children of Christopher and Mary:

i. WILLIAM2 HAWXHURST, b. Warwick, RI ca. 1657; children: Sarah and William.

ii. MARY HAWKHURST, b Warwick. ca. 1660; m. 17 Nov. 1684, GEORGE3 TOWNSEND.

iii. JANE HAWXHURST, b. Warwick ca 1663; m. JARVIS MUDGE, children: Jarvis, Elizabeth, Mary, Jane, and Charity.

iv. SARAH HAWXHURST, b. Oyster Bay ca. 1667; m. WILLIAM CROOKER, children: Robert, William, Samson, Sarah, Benjamin, and Abigail.

2   v. SAMSON, b. Oyster Bay ca. 1670.

2. SAMSON2 (Christopher1) HAWXHIURST, was born in Oyster Bay, Long Island, New York about 1670; and died there 25 January, 1733, aged sixty-two according to his tombstone. He married there 18 January 1698, HANNAH4 TOWNSEND,  born about 1680 and died about 1757, daughter of Mill John and Johanna (Forman) Townsend. He was a member of the Oyster Bay Militia. Hannah was given 180 acres at Cedar Swamp by her father as a wedding present. (Miller, LIF, 1:480) His will was dated 23 October 1732, and probated at New York 21  November of that year.

Children of Samson and Hannah, born Oyster Bay:

i. JOANNA3 HAWXHURST, b. ca. 1700, d. 14 April 1758; m. 29 Jan.1727 DANIEL BIRDSALL, children: Sarah, Mary, Amy, and Daniel.

ii. SARAH HAWXHURST, b. 28 March 1702; d. 11 April 1728.

iii. WILLIAM HAWXHURST, b. 1703-4; d. 26 Oct. 1790; m. (bond) 5 April 1736 ANNE PRATT. He moved to New York City, where he had business interests about 1753. One interest was in the Sterling Iron Works, which constructed the Iron Chain across the Hudson, just below West Point, during the Revolution. He was buried in Oyster Bay, children: Hannah, Sarah, Ann, and Amy.

 3   iv. SAMSON HAWXHURST, b. ca. 1698.

v. JOSEPH HAWXHURST, d. between Oct 1797 and June 1801; m. (1), children Jacob and Jesse; m. (2); m. (3) SARAH MOTT, children: Sarah, Hannah, Elizabeth, and William.

vi. AMY HAWXHURST.

vii. BENJAMIN HAWKHURST, b. 1720; m. HANNAH PEARSALL, children: Mary, Sarah, Martha, Hannah, James, and Nathaniel (in EAQ, p. 414).

viii. DANIEL HAWXHURST, b. 1723; .d. 1770; moved to New York in 1756; m. SARAH SEAMAN, children: Seaman, Phebe. Thomas, William, Philadelphia, and Daniel. He is listed in the EAQ .p. 414.

3. SAMSON3 ( Samson2, Christopher1) HAWXHURST, was born in Oyster Bay, Long Island about 1698, and died in North Hempstead, Long Island in 1790. He married, at the First Church in Huntington, Long Island, (1) 1 May 1733 AMY WRIGHT and (2) 26 August 1739 JERUSHA SMITH, of Huntington. The only thing that has been found about Jerusha is in the will of an Elizabeth Smith of Huntington, in which she refers to her sisters, Jerusha Hawxhurst and Mary Noakes ,and brother James Smith. Neither Elizabeth , Mary nor James has been identified further. It is interesting to note that none of this Samson's children were baptized until Jerusha took all of them born to date to be baptized with Mary. Samson's will was probated at Jamaica, Long Island 9 Aug. 1790 (Miller, LIF, 1:484).

Children of Samson and Amy, born in Hempstead:

i. HOSEA4 HAWXHURST, bap. 1742; m. MARY SAULT.

ii. SAMSON HAWXHURST, b. 1737, bap. 1742.

Children of Samson and Jerusha, born in Hempstead:

iii. JOTHAM HAWXHURST, b. 1740; bap. 1742; d. bef. 1740; m. PHEBE OAKLEY. Of Westchester Co. and moved there, children: Phillip, Isaac, and Jotham. He was a "Provincial" soldier. See Mill John Townsend and Esther for another Jotham.

iv. MARY HAWXHURST, bap. 1742; m. SOLOMON WRIGHT of Westchester Co.

v. JOEL HAWXHURST, bap. 3 Oct 1743.

vi. SIMEON HAWXHURST, bap. 1 Oct. 1744; m. LYDIA ROGERS, children: Jotham,. Elizabeth, David, Walter, George, Esther, Catherine, Phebe, Deborah, and Sarah.

 4   vii. JOHN HAWXHURST, b. 17 Dec, 1746; d. 16 Aug. 1823.

viii. JANE HAWXHURST, m. (--) SEAMAN.

ix. SUSANNAH HAWXHURST, m. HENRY ADDINGTON.

x. HENRY HAWXHURST, b. 10 Oct. 1753; d. 1800; m. ESTHER TOWNSEND, children: Jerusha, Anna, Townsend, Mary, Daniel, and Philadelphia.

4. JOHN4 (Samson3,2, Christopher1) HAWXHURST was born in Hempstead, Long Island 17 December 1746 and died in Newton, Long Island 16 August 1823. His will was probated at Jamaica 18 August 1823. He married (1) the widow PENELOPE (COCKS) LOINES born 27 March 1741 and died 23 Jan 1807, daughter of Samuel and Marth (Alling) Cocks, and widow of Steven Loines. He married (2) 17 May 1812, SARAH SKIDMORE. His will was probated in Jamaica, 18 August 1823  (Miller, LIF, p. 484).

Children of John and Penelope:

i. ROSANNA5 HAWXHURST, b. Feb, 26, 1770.

ii. ANNA HAWXHURST, b. 17 July 1771.

iii. DANIEL HAWXHURST, b. 28 July 1772.

iv. ANNA HAWXHURST , b. 17 Feb 1774; m. 24 Oct. 1791 CHARLES BURT, children : Anna, John, Elizabeth, and Susan.

5   v. JAMES HAWXHURST, b. 28 May, 1775.

vi. PHEBE HAWXHURST, b. 8 Aug. 1776.

vii. CLARK HAWXHURST, b. Oct, 9 1779.

5. JAMES5 ( John4, Samson3,2, Christopher1) HAWXHURST was born on Long Island, 28 May 1775. He married 30 October 1799 SARAH POWELL, who was born 27 September 1769, daughter of John and Elizabeth (Underhill) Powell. James, Sarah and their last three children are listed in Flushing Branch of EAQ, p.381. An enquiry was made to the Quaker record keeper as to why the two eldest children were not listed; she answered that they had probably not joined the chapter until after they were born.

Children of James and Sarah:

i. WILLIAM 6 HAWXHURST, b.18 July 1801.

6   ii. ELIZABETH HAWXHURST, b. in Oyster Bay. 9 June 1803.

iii. STEPHEN HAWXHURST, b. 16 Jan. 1806.

iv. PENELOPE HAWXHURST, b. 12 Dec. 1808.

v. CHARLES HAWXHURST, b. 2 June 1812.

6. ELIZABETH6 (James5, John4, Samson3,2, Christopher1) Hawxhurst was born in Oyster Bay, Long Island 9 June 1803, and died in Brooklyn, New York, 3 September 1881.  She married in an unknown place about 1821 GILBERT MOTT.

  Surmise only: If our records are correct, they were both 17 when they married; it could not have been with the blessing of her Quaker family, and she would have been dimissed from the church, so they probably eloped.  In spite of this, the marriage lasted over fifty years and she continued, according to ATB, with her Quaker devotions.

ATB was slightly worried about her identification; he said the records at the cemetery said her age at death was 77 years 11 months and 3 days, which would not agree exactly with her birth date. I think that if he had seen the cemetery record he would not have worried; there is a large ink blot over the month space and her age could easily be 77 years 7 months.

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Ruddock Family

1. HENRY1 RUDDOCK (or Reddough) was one of the group in Warwick, Rhode Island who were friends of the Gortonites. He married twice, the name of his first wife is not known; he married , a second time in Providence, Rhode Island, 2 June 1656, MABEL BURROUGHS. Both Henry and Mabel died in Oyster Bay, Long Island about 1673.

Children of Henry and Mabel:

2.  i. MARY2 RUDDOCK, m. in Warwick, Rhode Island about 1655 CHRISTOPHER HAWXHURST.

ii. JANE RUDDOCK m. in Oyster Bay, LI 16 Oct, 1577, JAMES3 TOWNSEND, son of John and Elizabeth (Montgomery) Townsend.

iii. ELIZABETH RUDDOCK, m. ca. 1673 in Oyster Bay, SAMUEL WEEKS.

iv. HANNAH RUDDUCK, m. ca 1667 JOSEPH WEEKS.

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Townsend Family

The main source of information about this family is the book  A Memorial of John, Henry and Richard Townsend published by W. A. Townsend; it is based on documents which are quoted. The documents themselves have not been seen by me.

1. THOMAS1 TOWNSEND was born in Warwick, England and died at Lynn, Massachusetts 22 December 1677. He was made freeman at Lynn in 1639. He is thought to be the father of the three Townsend brothers, John, Richard and Henry, who were early settlers on Long Island (Savage). That they were brothers is certain: Elizabeth, widow of John, says in her will that she is acting with the advice of her husbands two brothers Henry and Richard Townsend. but the Memorial makes no mention of Thomas. Because of the large difference in ages between John and his younger siblings it seems logical to suppose Thomas had two wives.

Children of Thomas: given in order of approximate dates of marriage:

2   i. JOHN2 TOWNSEND, m. in England ca. 1633 ELIZABETH MONTGOMERY .

3   ii RICHARD TOWNSEND; m. in Warwick,  RI ca. 1650 DELIVERANCE COLE.

4   iii. HENRY TOWNSEND, m. in Warwick, ca. 1653 ANN COLE.

2. JOHN2 (Thomas1) TOWNSEND was the eldest of the three brothers; he was born in England probably about 1610, and married there ELIZABETH (----), thought to be Elizabeth MONTGOMERY. He was probably the John  Townsend of Lynn, Massachusetts who was in the artillery company in 1641.(Savage). He died in Oyster Bay in 1668, His widow divided his estate among the children in September 1671, mentioning them all by name. As early as 1645 Governor Kieft of New Amsterdam gave a patent for the Town of Flushing to John Townsend and others; he was joined there by his brother Henry. The next Governor Stuyvesant, however, did not approve of them and John was summoned to appear in 1648 before the Dutch Council to explain why he didn't contribute his share for maintenance of Christian Ministers and why he resisted the Ditch mode of choosing Sheriff. The Townsends were Quakers  and took the cvourse of least resistance, removing to Warwick, Rhode Island where the Gorton group was more tolerant. All three brothers were well liked there, all serving as members of the Provincial Assembly.. In 1656 they tried Long Island again, this time in Jamaica..

Henry continued to get in trouble all his life, because he couldn't stop trying to "spread the Light;." he was arrested and imprisoned several times. John was also a Quaker, but a quiet one, and bailed him out .When Rhode Island passed a law banning Quakers in 1658, they all moved back to Long Island.

Children of John and Elizabeth:

i. JOHN3.TOWNSEND, b. ca. 1635 ; d. after 1715; m. (1) SUSANNAH HARCOURT, children: Solomon, James, Thomas, Elizabeth, and Nathaniel.; m. (2) PHEBE (--). He was called John, Sr., to distinguish him from his younger cousin called Mill John who was the son of Henry2.

ii. THOMAS TOWNSEND, b. 1643  was Constable,Surveyor, Recorder and Justice of the Peace. He m. (1) SARAH COLE, children: Patience, Sylvanus, Freelove, Sarah, and John (called Justice John); and (2) MARY ALMY.

iii. ELIZABETH TOWNSEND, m.(1) ca. 1670 GIDEON WRIGHT; son of Peter, children: Peter, Anthony, Sylvanus, John, Gideon, Elizabeth, Hannah, and Tabitha; m. (2) 3 Aug. 1697 GERSHOM LOCKWOOD..

iv. JAMES TOWNSEND; b. 1646; d. ca. 1697; m. (1) (----) WRIGHT, daughter of Peter, children, Jamea:; m (2) 16 Oct. 1677 JANE RUDDUCK; m.(3) DELIVERED (--).

v. ROSE TOWNSEND, m. (1) ca, 1671 JOHN WICKS of Warwick, son of John Wicks who was a prisoner with Gorton, children: John, Thomas, Robert, and Sarah; (2) SAMUEL HAYDEN.

vi. ANNE TOWNSEND. No further information.

vii SARAH TOWNSEND. NFI

5.   viii. GEORGE TOWNSEND, b. in Oyster Bay 1661.

ix. DANIEL TOWNSEND; d. 1702; m: SUSANNAH FORMAN.

3. RICHARD 2 (Thomas1) TOWNSEND married first in Warwick, RI about 1650 DELIVERANCE COLE, daughter of Robert Cole and sister of the wife of Richard's brother Henry . After her death he married ELIZABETH WICKS ( or WEEKS) whose brother John married Rose, daughter of John Townsend. Richard died in 1670, and his wife distributed his estate in 1671.

Children of Richard and Deliverance:

i. DINAH 3 TOWNSEND m. WILLETTS.

ii. LEAH TOWNSEND.

Children of Richard and Elizabeth:

iii. JOHN TOWNSEND , he removed to Cape May New Jersey about 1698, where he died ca. 1715; m. (1) PHEBE WILLIAMS, children: Richard, John, Sylvanus, and Hannah; m (2) MERCY (--).

iv. HANNAH TOWNSEND; m. HENRY STILES, children: Edith, George, Roaned, Abigail, and Joshua.

v. DELIVERANCE TOWNSEND.

vi. MARY TOWNSEND.

vii. RICHARD TOWNSEND, 12 weeks old in May 1671.; settled in Salem, New Jersey.; children: Sarah, David, Catherine, Jacob, and Judith.

4. HENRY2 ( Thomas1) TOWNSEND died in Oyster Bay Long Island the 6th of February.u and the 30 March 1695, survived by his wife Anne. He married about 1653 ANN COLE, daughter of Robert, who was born about 1635 . Henry and Anne settled in Oyster Bay in 1661.

Henry appears to be most interesting of the brothers, he never stopped trying to convert the world to the Quaker faith, and he was very nice about it, a true Friend who really cared about other people. In 1663 he received a legacy (the story does not mention why) from a Richard Grassmore of Jamaica for his wife and children. A large legacy, with "housing and lands...with meadows and accomodations" plus 176 pounds in money. He gave it away "unto the poor, viz., poor widows and children, persons blind or aged, that are unable to get their living, or any that shall suffer by fire whose necessity shall call for relief " And this was to the town from which he and his brothers had been forced to leave. Henry was not just a rich philanthropist, he was a hard working man. The Townsend Memorial said he seened to have had occupation enough for two men. He ran both a grist and saw mill, held the position of Town Clerk, "made many surveys and was employed, with his nephew Thomas, in all public business, such as adjusting boundaries, procuring patents and buying lands of the Indians." He helped his sisters-in-law settle their estates; he was appointed by Captain John Underhill to look after his children in case his widow married again

In 1683 he had six acres on a hill, laid out to him on which he built a house for himself, and then gave everything else away to his children, He died in the winter of 1695, and was buried upon his hill. Quite a guy.

Children of Henry and Anne, dates of birth unknown:

i. HENRY3 TOWNSEND, m. DEBORAH2 UNDERHILL,children: Henry, Robert, and a daughter.

6   ii. JOHN TOWNSEND, called MILL JOHN.

iii. ROSE TOWNSEND,m. CAPTAIN JOSEPH DICKENSON, children: James and Zebulon. She is reputed, when nine years old, to have fed her father through the bars of his prison cell

iv. SUSANNAH TOWNSEND; m. AARON FURMAN, children: Aaron and Jacob.

v. MARY TOWNSEND, m. JOHN WRIGHT, children Rose, Eliphal, and Mary .

vi. ELIZABETH TOWNSEND, died unmarried.

vii. ROBERT TOWNSEND, born 3 June 1667; died unmarried about 1687. He left a will "that being upon a journney, not knowing how Providence may dispose of me......if it should so happen any otherwise that well in my return,.....that then my said land ...shall return unto my father."

5. GEORGE3 (John2, Thomas1) TOWNSEND was born in Oyster Bay in 1661, and died "in the great sickness" in 1697. He married 17 Nov. 1684, MARY2 HAWXHURST, who was born  iniWarwick,  Rhode Island 1660, daughter of Christopher and Mary (Ruddock) Hawkshurst.

Children of George and Mary:

i. SARAH TOWNSEND, m. THOMAS WEEKS.

ii. GEORGE TOWNSEND, b. 18 Oct. 1687; m. Rosannah Cole, children: Rosannah, William, and George.

iii. RICHARD TOWNSEND, b. 1680; m. SUSANNAH WEEKS, children: John and George.

iv. SAMUEL TOWNSEND b. 1692; m. SARAH COOPER; children: Isaac, Samuel, Daniel, Phebe, Sarah, Mercy, and Daniel.

6. MILL JOHN3 ( Henry2, Thomas1) TOWNSEND, d. 9 May 1705; m (1) JOHANNA (----); m. (2) ESTHER SMITH . He owned and operated the grist and saw mills his father had started, having bought out his brother Henry and sister Rose, and because of this was called Mill John to distinguish him from his older cousin called John, Sr., who was the son of John2 Townsend. He was one of the town surveyors. His second wife, Esther Smith, " a shirt, stout woman:" outlived him by many years, being still alive in 1749. She outfitted and ran a sloop for trading (mostly cider) up and down the coast (Memorial).

Child of Mill John and Johanna:

7   i. HANNAH4 TOWNSEND.

Children of Mill John and Esther:

ii. HETTY TOWNSEND.

iii. SARAH TOWNSEND.

iv. ZERVIAH TOWNSEND, m. DR. MATTHEW PARISH, children: Esther. Elizabeth, Daniel, John and Townsend..

v. JOTHAM   TOWNSEND. m. (1) MARTHA COLE, children: Freelove and John; m. (2) ANNE KISSAM.  Note name Jotham.

vi. MICAJAH TOWNSEND, b. 1699; d. 9 Nov. 1781; m. (1) 1732 ELIZABETH PLATT, children: Platt, Epenetus, Jotham, and Micah; m. (2). 1760 MERIBAH TOWNSEND, widow of Joshua; m. (3) 1763 ANNE FROST. He was a "decided" Whig.

vii. JONADAB TOWNSEND, b. ca. 1701.

viii. JOHN TOWNSEND , b. 1703; m. 1738; m. SARAH WRIGHT, children: Ethelinda, Mary, Ephraim, and Israel. He was a good Whig..

7. HANNAH4 (Mill John3, Henry2, Thomas1) THOMAS, was born and died; she married SAMSON HAWXHURST 2

Smith Family

    A suggestion about the origin of Jerusha is given below.  The trouble with this is the unknown birth date of Jerusha; the date generally supposed would have to be pushed up about 15 years.  This information come from the book "The Family of Richard Smith of Smithtown, Long Island", by Frederick K. Smith.

1. RICHARD1 SMITH appeared in Southhampton 26 October 1643.  He was the patentee and founder of Smithtown, and was usually called "Bull" Smith, because he used to ride one on his trips.  He married, by 1648 SARAH (? FOLGER);. he died about 1692, and she 1708.

2. JOB2 (Richard1) SMITH, was born about 1648, and died after1719 .  He married ELIZABETH  THOMPSON, and they had many children.

3. JAMES3 (Job2, Richard1) SMITH was born about 1688 and married, about 1720, JERUSHA TOPPING, the daughter of Elnathan Topping Jr, son of Captaiin Elnathan Topping of Wethersfield, Milford amd Southhampton.

They are listed with eleven children, of which JERUSHA is the last.  However there are very few dates given and if Jerusha had really been the first child, she would probably be our Jerusha.

This cannot be taken as fact, just a possibility.

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Cole Family

The spelling of this family name varies with generation, place of residence and recorder, being either Cole or Coles. I shall stick to Cole throughout.

1. ROBERT COLE was born in England; time and place so far unknown, probably in the early 1600s; (Anderson, in the Great Migration Begins,. guesses 1605), and died in Warwick, Rhode Island between April and October of 1655. It is now thought he married twice, the first time in Roxbury, Massachusetts in 16 30 to MARY (----); the second time in Roxbury by 1637 to MARY HAWXHURST, sister of Christopher, daughter of Samson Hawkshurst, Vicar in England. Until very recently it has been supposed that Robert had just one wife, but now, due to the reasoning of Harriet Beach, because of the wording in the settlement of the estate of Robert and the reference of his son John to Mary Hawxhurst as his "mother-in-law:", it has been decided that there were two (Anderson, !:437) .The fact that he had two wives  would also  either explain, or follow from, his change of behavior.

Robert came to America in the Winthrop fleet of 1630 with a group from Essex under the leadership of William Pynchon of Springfield who was an early backer of the Massachusetts Bay Company. He was called Mister when he applied to be made freeman in October in 1630.and was sufficiently well educated to write his name, but he got off to a very bad start. For his first years in this country Robert was a drunk; a real one, even forced to wear a large red "D"on a placard which he had to hang around his neck went he went outdoors. He was first fined for drinking in August of 1631; again in March 1632, once more in Septembeer 1633, this time for "abusing himself shamefully in drink and enticimg John Shotswell his wife to incontiency", culminating in the shameful penaltly of the red D in March In March of 1634 he was disfranchised and ordered to wear the "D" for a year. This was all duly recorded in the Records of the Governor and Company of the Massachusetts Bay in New England. His wife was not much better.  The minister of their church, Reverend Eliot said "after her husband's excommunication  & falls she did too much favor his ways, she lived an afflicted life." (Anderson) One possibility is that he had picked her up in a tavern and that they reenforced each other's carousing, another is that she was an innocent victim.

Before his punishment had run more than a few months, he was one of ten men given permission to settle at Ipswich with John Winthrop, Jr. (Savage says maybe the Boston authorities just wanted to get rid of him) and there he was given 200 acres of farm land. He seems to have been of a discontented, restless disposition", said Rodney MacDonough in MacDonough/Hackstaff Ancestry. We know he had three children between about 1630 and 1636, because they were no longer minors when he died in about Oct 1654 and his property was distributed., and then his wife must have died. After that he made a surprising change; he went to Providence, Rhode Island and joined forces with the saintly Roger Williams; this was when he must have married Mary Hawxhurst, and after that his behavior, at least in public, was exemplary, although it should be mentioned that he was the one who sent the complaint to Boston about Samuel Gorton that resulted in troops being sent to take him to prison.. They. had four children before he died in 1655. Mary then married Mattthias Harvey and accompanied him to Long Island with her unmarried children.

Children of Robert and first wife Mary, dates approximations:

i. JOHN2 COLE, b. ca, 1631; m. ANNE (----). Died Oyster Bay.

ii. DELIVERANCE COLE, b. ca, 1632; m. RICHARD2 TOWNSEND.

iii. ANN COLE, b. ca. 1634; m. HENRY2 TOWNSEND.

Children of Robert and Mary Hawxhurst; Anderson's approximations:

iv. DANIEL COLE, b. ca. 1637; m. ca. 1662 Mahershallalhashbaz Gorton, daughter of Samuel. It must have taken great courage to have married a girl with a father and a name like that.

v. NATHANIEL COLE, b. ca. 1642; m. (1) Oyster Bay 30 Aug 1667 MARTHA JACKSON; m. (2) DEBORAH WRIGHT; m. (3) SARAH HARCUTT.

vi. ROBERT COLE, b, ca. 1644; m. MERCY WRIGHT.

vii. SARAH COLE, b. ca. 1646; m. THOMAS TOWNSEND.(MacDonough).



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Cock Family

1. JAMES1 COCK was born about 1630 in Emgland, and died in Oyster Bay, Long Island about 1699. He married, about 1654, Sarah Clark, whose parentage remain unknown. They started in Setauket, Long Island (Bunker and EAQ) There is a wonderful story about his arrival in America.. A "tradition that the vessel on which James came over encountered a severe storm and was obliged to put into Bermuda for repairs; that during the storm when everything seemed disastrous, s severe shock was felt as of striking a rock, and the vessel leaked badly; but the united and persistent prayers of the passengers so prevailed that the ship was brought to land and on being "hove out" it was discovered that its side had been penetrated by the weapon of a great sword fish, which was broken by the shock and remained therein imbedded." (Shotwell, Colonial Ancestors) They were Quakers.

Children of James and Sarah, born in Oyster Bay:(Shotwell):

i. MARY2 COCK, b. 1855; m. JOHN BOWNE, children: Ann and Ruth.

ii. THOMAS COCK, b. 1858; m. ESTHER WILLIAMS,children John and Charity.

iii. MARTHA COCK, died young.

iv. JOHN COCK, b. 1666; m. (1 )-----, children: Thomas and Hannah; m (2) DOROTHY HARCUTT, children: Jane, Daniel, Martha, Hezekiah, James, and John.

v. HANNAH COCK, b. 1669; m. JAMES DELAPLAINE; removed to Philadelphia.

vi. SARAH COCK, b. 1672; m. HENRY FRANKLIN, children: Matthew, Sarah, Henry, Thomas, and Elizabeth.

   2   vii. JAMES COCK, b. 1674.

viii. HENRY COCK, b. b. 1678; m. (1) MARY FEAKE, children: Joseph, Benjamn, John, James, Amey, Mary, Henry, Sarah, and Elizabeth; m. (2) MARTHA PEARSALL, children: Thomas, and Samuel.

ix. MARTHA COCK, b. 1680.; m. (?) ISAAC DAVIS, children: Thomas, Joseph, Abraham, and Mary.

2. JAMES2 (James1) COCK was born in Oyster Bay, Long Island 4 April 1674 and died 3 May 1728 m Locust Valley, Long Island; he married 1 December 1698 HANNAH FEAKE., who was born 8 October 1675, daughter of John and Elizabeth Feake.(Bunker and EAQ).

Children of James and Hannah:

i. SARAH3 COCK, b. 24 Feb. 1701.

  3.   ii. SAMUEL COCK, b. 20 July 1702.

iii. JOSHUA COCK, b. 2 Sept. 1704; died young.

iv. ELIZABETH COCK, b. 22 Nov. 1706.

v. ISAIAH COCK, b. 17 March 1709; m. REBECCA FROST, children: Jesse, Deborah, Jacob, George, Isaac, and Rhoda; then moved to Westchester Co. and had 3 more.

iv. MARTHA COCK, m. JOSEPH FROST.

v. MARY COCK, m. ISAAC FROST.

3. SAMUEL3 (James2,1 ) COCK was born 20 July 1702 and died in Locust Valley. Long Island 20 September 1741. He married 26 March 1729 MARTHA ALLING, who was born in Oyster Bay in 1702, daughter of Abraham Alling They were members of the Westbury Quakers (Bunker and EAQ).

Children of Samuel and Martha

i. HANNAH4 COCK, b. 4 Apr. 1731; m. JOSEPH COLES, 10 children..

ii. SAMUEL, b. 13 Aug.1734, m. (1) ELIZABETH TITUS; m. (2) JEMIMA POWELL, children: Mary, Richard, Elizabeth, Isaac and Samuel.. It looks as if Samuel5 was expelled for obeying a requisition to cart hay for the army in 1779 (EAQ}.

iii. ANN, b.23 Feb. 1737; m. JAMES TITUS, children, John and 4 others.

iv. CLARK, b. 14 Oct. 1738; m ELIZABETH PIERCE; children: Freelove, Samuel, and Joshua..

   4   v. PENELOPE COCK, b. 27 March 1741.

4. PENELOPE4 (Samuel3, James2.1) COCK was born in Buckram, Long Island 27 March 1741 and died in Flushing, Long Island,.23 of January 1807. She married twice: first about 1657 when she was just 16 to STEPHEN LOINES, and had a child Stephen; this was the child of which ATB questioned the legitimacy; Bunker, however has it as a marriage. Her second marriage, after 1770, was to John HAW XHURST, children given under Hawxhurst.

Child of Penelope and Steven:

i. STEPHEN LOINES, b. near Bethpage1757; d. 1845; m.(1) 28 Jan.1778 MARTHA UNDERHILL, children: Joshua, Freelove, John, Samuel, Joseph, James, Jacob, William, and Sally Ann; m. (2) ANNE (PEARSALL) ALLEN, child: Martha.

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Feake Family

1. ROBERT1 FEAKE was born in London, England about 1602, the son of a wealthy goldsmith and died in Watertown, Massachusetts 1 February 1661, deranged and poverty stricken. He married about December 1631, ELIZABETH           ( FONES) WINTHROP, widow of Henry Winthrop, and daughter-in-law of Governor John Winthrop of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay.

He was well educated and had apprenticed for eight years (1615-1623) to his father James in the goldsmith trade, and would probably have lived a successful and happy life if he had stayed in London, but he chose to try his luck in America and came in the Winthrop fleet of 1630, to settle in Watertown, Massachusetts. He was a just an ordinary man , perhaps a little on the weak side, not forceful enough to deal with the very strong characters he had to live among.

He was admitted freeman 18 May 1631, as Mr. Roberte Feakes, and must have appeared to Governor Winthrop to be a good candidate for the husband of his widowed daughter-in-law, in any case they were married within a few months of her arrival in the Boston area. Being now such a close relation of the Governor, Robert received special attention and was chosen lieutenant to Captain Daniel Patrick 4 September 1632. This was a very, very strange appointment and probably his undoing, Captain Patrick shared the defense of the Colony with Captain John Underhill; he was a rough spoken and rough mannered professional soldier, and could easily walk over the mild ex- goldsmith. Robert was elected three times to the Couirt of Deputies, and then things began to change. Captain Patrick persuaded him to buy some land on the extreme frontier, in Greenwich, in 1640. This land was taken over by the Dutch in 1642, the act of submission being signed by Patrick and Elizabeth Feake, because Robert was ill and beginning to get more and more erratic; a man called William Hallett, was put in charge of the Feake affairs in Greenwich. George McCracken, a genealogist, writing about the Feake family in the NYGBReview , put it this way: "It may well be that his mental instability was a partial cause for his wife's looking elsewhere for manly protection, or the fact that his wife did not take her marital vows very seriously may have contributed to his mental downfall: at this late date we cannot be sure which (LIF)." Daniel Patrick was assassinated in 1644;. Elizabeth left her husband for William Hallett, and Feake went back to England in 1647 where he was pardoned by the House of Commons in March of 1650 for an "unstated offense." He did not return until about 1654, single, to settle again at Watertown where he died in 1661, alone, a pauper, taken care of by the town

Children of Robert and Elizabeth:

i. ELIZABETH FEAKE2, b. Watertown ca. 1633; m. by 1650 as second wife JOHN1 UNDERHILL

ii. HANNAH FEAKE, b. June 1637; m. JOHN BOWNE, children: John, Elizabeth. Mary, Abigail, Hannah, Samuel, Dorothy, and Martha.

     2.  iii. JOHN FEAKE, born Watertown, ca. 1639, m. ELIZABETH PRIOR.   

iv. ROBERT FEAKE, bap. New York Dutch Church, 17 July 1642; m. SARAH (--).

v. SARAH FEAKE, bap. 14 April 1647, died within a year.

2. JOHN2 (Robert1 ) FEAKE was born in Watertown, Massachusetts about 1639, and died in Killingworth, Oyster Bay, Long Island May 1724; he married in Killingworth 15 September 1673 ELIZABETH PRIOR, who was born in England August 1656 and died in Killingworth, 25 January 1702, daughter of Matthew and Mary Prior. Both John and Elizabeth were Quakers; meetings were held at his house in Killingworth, Long Island. The Quaker book calls John Feake an "ancient Friend." (Bunker,EAQ, and LIF)

Children of John and Elizabeth:

i.ELIZABETH3 FEAKE, b. 9 June 1674; m. BENJAMIN FIELD.

    3    ii HANNAH FEAKE, b. 6 Oct. 1675.

iii. MARY FEAKE, b.30 April 1678; m. HENRY2 COCK,

iv. JOHN FEAKE, b.10 July 1679; died young.

     4   v. ROBERT FEAKE, b. 22 June 1683.

vi. SARAH FEAKE, b.17 Feb 1686.

vii. MARTHA FEAKE, b. 27 Oct.1688; m. JOHN CARPENTER

viii. ABIGAIL FEAKE, b.7 Aug. 1691; m. JOSIAH COGGESHALL.

ix. DEBORAH FEAKE, b.6 Jan. 1696; m. THOMAS WHITSON.

3. HANNAH3 (John2, Robert1) FEAKE was born in Killingworth, Long Island 6 October 1675 and died in Oyster Bay, Long Island 28 April 1750; she married 1698 JAMES2  COCK.

4. ROBERT3 FEAKE was born in Killingworth, Long Islansd 22 Jun2 1683, and died in Locust Valley Long Island April 1773. He married about 1704 the widow CLEMENCE LUDLAM. He was a farmer, blacksmith, mill owner and specially was pastor of the Baptist Church at Oyster Bay, having been converted to that faith by a traveling minister. "According to tradition John Feake came to the water's edge and protested against Robert's baptism while the ceremony was being performed. (LIF)." This Robert was also the father of another Robert Feake a celebrated portrait painter.

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Fones Family

The easiest method of showing the rather complicated relationship of Elizabeth Fones to the Winthrop family is the following self explanatory drop chart. Her story has been told in the historical novel, The Winthrop Woman, by Anya Seton.

                                                        Adam Winthrop married Anne Browne

                                                            |                                                |                                                           

       Mary Forth m. Governor John Winthrop (MA)                     Ann Winthrop m .Thomas Fones

                 |                                |                                                            |                    |

                 |               Governor John Winthrop (CT)          m.        Martha Fones         |

                 |                                                                                                                 |  

       Edward Winthrop                                          married                               Elizabeth Fones

ELIZABETH FONES was born in England about 1610, daughter of Thomas and Ann Fones, and died in Long Island about 1667. She married three times:

1) Her first marriage was to her cousin Henry, second son of the great John Winthrop, in London 25 April 1629. When the Winthrop Fleet sailed in the spring of 1630, Henry was taken along to assist his father, because John, the eldest and most reliable son needed to stay at home to mind the family and business there. Elizabeth also stayed home, because she was pregnant; she was waiting until the child was born and old enough to travel before she joined Henry in America. The baby was born 9 May 1630 and christened Martha Joanna. Then Henry drowned .A diarist, Hubbard, is quoted in the footnotes to Winthrop's History; "A sprightly and hopeful young gentleman he was, who, though he escaped the danger of the main sea, was unhappily drowned in a small creek, not long after he came ashore, even the very next day, July the 2nd." He was a strong swimmer, but a. got a cramp and died very close to his friends who were unable to help him because none of them could swim. .

2) Elizabeth came later, bringing the baby, on the ship Lyon, landing 2 November 1631. Governor Winthrop quickly married her off to Robert Feake, in Watertown, Massachusetts, 2 months later. The Feakes stayed in Watertown for several years, and Robert was appointed lieutenant and elected deputy and selectman. Then his commanding officer, Captain Patrick persuaded them to by some property from the Indians in Greenwich, Connecticut.There are many stories about Elizabeth and Patrick; she was undoubtedly a flirt, undoubtedly bored with Robert, and probably did have an affair with him, and equally probably Robert was well aware of it.. Then Patrick was assassinated in Greenwich in 1644; and W illiam Hallett was put in charge of the Greenwich property because Robert was ill and then was away.

3) In the meantime Elizabeth and William Hallett had become a pair. Again.it not quite clear what happened. Because of Robert's insanity, Elizabeth obtained some kind of a divorce in New Amsterdam. She had another child, William Hallett's, towards the end of 1648..A "legal separation" was supposedly granted by the Dutch, but at least until May of 1649, no marriage had taken place between William and Elizabeth.. The council in Fort Amsterdam on 9 March 1649, banished William from Dutch lands, so they had to flee to New London in Connecticut where her cousin John Winthrop was deputy governor. When it looked as if they would be charged there too for adultery, they fled again, this time to Long Island. To quote McCracken:"We have found no evidence of how William Hallett and his "wife" Elizabeth finally made their peace with the authorities." Governor Eaton wrote to John Winthrop Jr., "it is possible that William Hallett and she that was Mr. Feakes his wife, are marryed; though not only the lawfulness and validity of such a marriage but the reality and truth is by some questioned (LIF)." Jacobus studied the documents and said he thought it was a legitimate marriage.(LIF) Whatever the truth was, Elizabeth had another Hallett baby, Samuel, born sometime around 1652.

William Hallett became Sheriff of Flushing, Long Island. While holding that office he permitted William Wickenden, "the famous Baptist evangelist of Rhode Island" to hold services at his house, and this so angered Governor Stuyvesant that he again banished William, but that was somehow smoothed over. Elizabeth died before 1669; after the death of Elizabeth,William married Susanna (Booth) Thorn as her second husband .But that marriage did not work out and a separation was arranged. A third wife, Katherine, is on record in 1684 and in 1686 a fourth wife, Rebecca, widow of John Bayliss. William Hallett died at Hell Gate, Long Island in 1706.

.Child of Elizabeth and Edward:Winthrop:

i. MARTHA JOHANNA WINTHROP, b. London 1630; d. Greenwich, CT ca.1690 ; m. ca. 1648 THOMAS LYON., child Mary married (1) Joseph Stedwell and (2) John Wilson.

Children of Elizabeth and Robert Feake, listed under Feake,

Children of Elizabeth and William Hallet:

vii. CAPT. WILLIAM HALLETT, b. in the fall 1648; d. 1719; m. Newton, LI, ca. 1669 SARAH WOOLSEY; child William killed by slaves when age 27. (Torrey).

viii. SAMUEL HALLETT, b. 1652; died 27 Dec. 1724.

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Prior Family

1. MATTHEW PRIOR was born in England, and he died in Long Island about 1692. The first record of him is when he had a grant of land in Salem in 1638 , but bigoted Salem was not a place where a Quaker would be happy or welcome and he removed to Brookhaven Long Island by 1665.(Savage) He married, about 1650 MARY (------). It was at Matthew's house in Killingworth (Matinecock) in 1671 that plans were drawn up to construct a strong and sufficient frame for the Quaker Meeting house in Oyster Bay, to be built by Samuel Andrews and John Feake.(Shotwell).

Children of Matthew and Mary:

i. JOHN PRIOR, b. 1651; d. 1698; m. 1678 ELIZABETH BOWNE, children: John, Hannah, Elizabeth, Mary, Matthew, Samuel, and Joseph

ii. MARY PRIOR, b. 1652. m. in Oyster Bay 11 Oct 1668 JOHN UNDERHILL  (See Underhill Family).

2 iii. ELIZABETH PRIOR, b. 1656.

iv. SARAH PRIOR, b. 1664; d. 1714; m. (1) JOHN GOULD); m (2) 1711 as his fourth wife, GOVERNOR WALTER CLARK, of Rhode Island.Prior Family

1. MATTHEW PRIOR was born in England, and he died in Long Island about 1692. The first record of him is when he had a grant of land in Salem in 1638 , but bigoted Salem was not a place where a Quaker would be happy or welcome and he removed to Brookhaven Long Island by 1665.(Savage) He married, about 1650 MARY (------). It was at Matthew's house in Killingworth (Matinecock) in 1671 that plans were drawn up to construct a strong and sufficient frame for the Quaker Meeting house in Oyster Bay, to be built by Samuel Andrews and John Feake.(Shotwell).

Children of Matthew and Mary:

i. JOHN PRIOR, b. 1651; d. 1698; m. 1678 ELIZABETH BOWNE, children: John, Hannah, Elizabeth, Mary, Matthew, Samuel, and Joseph

ii. MARY PRIOR, b. 1652. m. in Oyster Bay 11 Oct 1668 JOHN UNDERHILL  (See Underhill Family).

2 iii. ELIZABETH PRIOR, b. 1656.

iv. SARAH PRIOR, b. 1664; d. 1714; m. (1) JOHN GOULD); m (2) 1711 as his fourth wife, GOVERNOR WALTER CLARK, of Rhode Island.

v. MARTHA PRIOR, b. 1672; m. SIMON COOPER, children: Simon, Mary, Rovert, and Joseph..

2. ELIZABETH PRIOR was born in England August 1656 and died in Oyster Bay, Long Island 25 January 1702. She married JOHN2 FEAKE.

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Alling Family

1. ABRAHAM1 ALLING was born about 1645, and died at Oyster Bay, Long Island after 1711. He married about 1672, MARY (------). In 1677, the town of Oyster Bay, being dissatisfied with their current blacksmith, was looking around for another. At that time it was customary for a town to grant freeland and sometimes a house to a blacksmith and his family in exchange for his professional services, "supplying of the inhabitants such tolles and necessaries needful according to his capassitie." Abraham was hired, and not only gave satisfactory service but was accepted into the boson of that tightly bound community. He acquired considerable land, but left no will, nor did hizs wife. Instead he made deeds during his lifetime:; On 28 April 1698 he left land asnd his smith tools to his edest son; and more land to his younger son. The year before that Peter Townsend began his apprenticeship with Abraham; he was married to one of Abraham's granddaughters, so this business was not going to leave the family  (Allen, "Abraham Alling of Oyster Bay," Ancestry).

Children of Abraham and Mary:

i. THOMAS2 ALLING, b. ca. 1660; m. Oyster Bay, ELIZABETH WEEKS, children: Thomas, Sarah, and Isabella.

2 ii. ABRAHAM ALLING, b. ca. 1663; m. MERIBAH HARCUTT.

iii. MARY ALLING, b. Oyster Bay ca. 1672; m. DANIEL: WEEKS, children Abraham, Rose, and Solomon.

iv. PENELOPE ALLING, b. Oyster Bay, ca. 1696; m. SAMUEL YOUNGS, children: Thomas, Daniel, Rosannah.

v. SUSANNAH ALLING, b. Oyster Bay, m. HENRY WEEKS; children: Jacob, Silas, Sarah, Robert, Abraham, Rachel, and Freelove.



2. ABRAHAM2 ( Abraham1) ALLING was born about 1663 and died at Oyster Bay 27 March 1736. He married there, after 19 May 1698, the widow MERIBAH (HARCUTT) TOWNSEND who was born there about 1666 and died there after 1736, daughter of Robert and Elizabeth (Potter) Harcutt.

Children of Abraham and Meribah:, all born Oyster Bay:

i. ABRAHAM3 ALLING, b. ca. 1698, m. ABIAH (-----).

ii. JOHN ALLING, b. ca. 1700; d.12 Oct. 1762; m. VIOLETTA McCOUN, children: Samuel, Daniel, Robert, John, and Violetta.

3 iii. MARTHA ALLING, b. ca. 1702.

iv. PENELOPE ALLING, b. ca. 1704; m at Oyster Bay PETER UNDERHILL, blacksmith, children: Deborah, Hannah, Daniel, Joseph, Theodosia, and Peter.

v. FREELOVE ALLING, b. ca. 1706; m. THOMAS UNDERHILL, child:Freelove.

3. MARTHA3 (Abraham2,1) ALLING was born in Oyster Bay about 1702; she married there 26 March 1729, SAMUEL3 COCK

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Harcutt Family

1. RICHARD1 HARCUTT (also Harker, Harhkett and Harcot, Harcourt etc.)was born in England about 1623 and died in Oyster Bay, Long Island in 1696. was among the first freemen of Warwick, Rhode Island. He married (1)in Warwick about 1651 ELIZABETH POTTER, who was born abut 1636, daughter of Robert and Isabel (Anthony) Potter, and (2) on Long Island about 1683 MIRIAM (HOYT) FORMAN. He is thought to have been a son of a sister of Francis Weston, because he succeeded to Weston's estate. (Francis Weston was a freeman in Salem in 1633, he was a friend of Roger Williams, and later an adherent of Gorton and sent to prison with him.(Richard Baldwin ,"Dinah, Wife of Richard Hallock," LIF)

Children of Richard and Elizabeth: ( Baldwin)

i. SUSANNA2 HARCUTT, b. ca. 1652; m(1) JOSEPH HALSTED, children: Isabel, Abigail,, Hannah, and

James; m. (2) PETER STRINGHAM.

ii. ELIZABETH HARCUTT, b. ca. 1654 m THOMAS YOUNG.

iii. MERCY HARCUTT, b. ca. 1656; m. EDWARD KETCHUM.

iv. DANIEL HARCUTT, b. ca, 1658; m. SARAH FORMAN.

v. BENJAMIN HARCUTT, b. ca. 1659; m. Mercy DICKINSON.

vi. ISABEL HARCUTT, b. 1662;, m. THOMAS WEEKS.

vii. SARAH HARCUTT, b, ca. 1664; m.(1) NATHANIEL2 COLE; m. (2) JOHN ROGERS.

      2   viii. MERIBAH HARCUTT , b. ca. 1667; m.(1) GEORGE3 TOWNSEND; m (2) 1697 ABRAHAM2 ALLING.

ix. DOROTHY HARCUTT, b, ca. 1670; m. JOHN2 COCK

x. MARY HARCUTT, b. ca. 1674; m. (1) MAURICE SHADBOLT; m. (2) ROBERT3 COLE.

2. MERIBAH2 (Richard1) HARCUTT was born in Oyster Bay, Long Island about 1667, and died there. She married twice, first in 1669 GEORGE3 TOWNSEND, son of John, who died in 1795; and second, about 1697 ABRAHAM ALLING.

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Potter Family

1. ROBERT1 POTTER came to America in 1634, on the same ship as the Reverend Nathaniel Ward, afterwards minister of Ipswich, who said that during the voyage he acted with " so much honesty and godliness as gained my good opinion and affection towards him." (Trask) He married in England or very soon after arrival, ISABELL ANTHONY, thought by some to have been the daughter of John and Susanna Anthony. They settled in Roxbury, where he and his wife are noted in the church records. Because he espoused the views of Anne Hutchinson, that men and women can seek their salvation without the need of ministers, he was banished from Massachusetts and took refuge in Rhode Island in 1638. He became friends with Samuel Gorton, and with him and ten others purchased the land that was called Shawomett and later would be called Warwick. A book by Charles Potter Genealogies of Potter Families says "Gorton, Potter and their associates seem to have been religious agitators," and that Gorton was " the great religious disturber." This is an understatement.

NOTE: The following brief history of SAMUEL GORTON is included because he had such a great influence on several of our ancestors, and he is not generally known.

Gorton was difficult; he did not even get along with the patient Roger Williams. Winthrop says in his Journal "those of Providence, being all anabaptists were divided in judgement; some were only against baptizing infants; others denied all magistracy and churches, of which Gorton, who had lately been whipped at Aquiday, was their instructor and captain.." Winthrop goes on to describe what happened to him (Winthrop, 2:137)

September 1643. Upon the complaint of the English at Patuxet near Providence, who had submitted to our jurisdiction, and the two Indian sachems there, of the continual injuries offered them by Gorton and his company, the general court sent for them , by letter only, not in way of command, to come answer the complaints, and sent them, letters of safe conduct. But they answered our messengers disdainfully, refused ro come, but sent two letters full of blasphemy against the churches and magistracy...so having sent three times we determined to proceed with them by force (They sent Commissioners with a sufficient armed guard) They had put themselves all into one house which they had made musketproof. (Cites 5 reasons for not accepting arbitration). 1) that they would never offer us any terms of peace before we had sent our soldiers..., 3) they were no state but a few fugitives living without law or government...5)their blasphemies and reviling writings etc., were not matters fit to be compounded by arbitrament, but to be purged away only by repentance and public satisfaction, or else by public punishment.
(So they stormed the house and tried to burn it and at last they surrendered....3 escaped and ran away the rest were brought to Boston and imprisoned.) (Gorton was allowed to speak after the sermon, and far from being intimidated among other things "reviled magistracy, calling it an idol, alleging that a man might as well be a slave to his belly as to his own species.") They excel the Jesuits in the art of equivocation, and regard not how false they speak to all other men's apprehensions, so they keep to the rules of their own meaning...the were all illiterate men, the ablest of them could not write true English, no not common words, yet they would take upon them the interpretation of the most difficult places of scripture and wrest them any way to serve their own terms....The court began to consult about their sentence,,,,the judgement of the elders also had been demanded...their answer was that if they should maintain...their offense deserved death...all the magistrates but three were of the opinion that Gorton ought to die, but the greatest numers of the deputies dissenting, that vote did not pass...in the end, the sentence for 7 of them (including Potter) to be dispursed into 7 different towns, kept to work for their living, wear irons on one leg, not depart town, refrain from blasphemous writing or speech......About a week after, we sent men to fetch so many of their cattle as might defray our charges, both the soldiers and the court, which spend many days about them, and for their expenses in prison....in all about 160 pounds.
March 1644. The court, finding that Gorton and his company did harm in the towns where they were confined. and not knowing what to do with them, at length agree to set them at liberty and gave them 15 days to depart out of our juriadiction in all parts and no more might come into it on pain of death."

Then Gorton and two others made their way to England, pled their cause and got their lands reinstated.

A more favorable account of Gorton was given by one of his disciples:

"The Friends had come out of the world in some ways, but were still in darkness or twilight, but that Gorton was far beyond them, high..way up to the dispensation of light. The Quakers were in no way to be compared with him...he said Gorton was a holy man; wept day and night for the sins and blindness of the world; his eyes were a fountain of tears and always full of tears...a man full of thought and study....had a long walk out through the trees or woods by his house, where he constantly walked morning and evening, and even in the depth of night, alone by himself, for contemplation and enjoyment of the dispensation of light. He was universally beloved by all his neighbors and the Indians, who esteemed him not only as a friend, but one high in communion with God, and indeed he lived in Heaven."

What about the families meanwhile, while the men were in prison? The History of Warwick by Fuller says, "When the Massachusetts soldiers came to arrest the settlers soon after their occupancy of the land, Mrs. Potter, with some of the other women sought refuge in the woods and soon afterwards died from exposure and fright." In all, three of the women died, but none of the children. One account said the women would not eat, so that the children could have enough.

Potter remarried, probably to get someone to take care of the four little children. He opened a Tavern in Warwick in 1645 and ran it till his death in 1655. He died heavily in debt His children all married people from his colony.

Children of Robert and Isabel, from Potter:

   2  .i. Elizabeth2 Potter, b.ca 1635; m. Richard Harcutt.

ii. DELIVERANCE POTTER, b. ca. 1637. ; m. JAMES GREENE, children: James, Mary, Rlisha, and Sarah.

iii. ISABEL POTTER, b. ca. 1638; m. (1) ( ----) MOSS; m. (2) WILLIAM BURTON.

iv. JOHN POTTER, b. ca. 1639 ; m. (1) RUTH FISHER, children: Robert, Fisher, John, William, Samuel, Isabella, Ruth, Edward, and Content; m. (2) SARAH COLLINS.

2. ELIZABETH2 (  Robert1  ) POTTER, b. ca. 1635, m. in Warwick, Richard Harcutt.

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Powell Family

There is not much to be found on this family. The main sources are Bunker, which is well documented, and the Encyclopedia of Quaker Genealogy. Bunker thought Thomas Powell came from Wales and. probably came, like Richard Willets, in his early twenties

1. THOMAS1 POWELL was born in November 1641 (eighth month, old style); and died in Westbury, Long Island 28 February 1722, aged 80 years and four months.. He married (1) in 1663, ABIGAIL WOOD, and (2) 9 May 1690 the widow ELIZABETH (TOWNSEND) PHILLIPS ( EAQ, Westbury, p.437).  Both of these marriages are given in Torrey.   Abigail was the daughter of Jonas Wood and Joanna Strickland, (see Wood Family), and Elizabeth the daughter of John3 Townsend, and.widow of Theophilus Phillips.

He testified at a Court held in Huntington in July 29, 1662; saying that he had been serving his Master Jonas Wood Hal for nine years up to the time of his drowning in 1660. There is a record of a deed in which Thomas purchased land from John Westcoat in 1663. Huntington records show he was made Town Recorder, a position which he held for 20 years; this means he could read, write and do accounts, so he was very well educated for the time. In 1667 he was made constable, having been chosen from the list of Overseers (selectmen);  for this positio he had to attend Court, make arrests, carry a staff 6 feet long, an imposing figure in general; .all at 26.

An interesting thing is that when he was chosen Constable in 1682, he refused to serve, because of the oath required, to swear to levy and collect the Church Rates; i.e., although Bunker doesn't day so, he had either become a Quaker or was very close to becoming one     ( In 1681 he owed church rates from 1676). In 1695 he bought the property since called Bethpage from the Indians. Quakers were always very careful to pay the Indians for the land they occupied, believing the Indians were the original owners. Part of the deed reads "We Marinus, Sowamicus, William Choppy and others, for 140 pounds, sold to Thomas Powell, Sen., land Beginning at the west Corner, at a dirty hole upon the brushy plains near Mannetto hill,....along the east side of the hollow that goes to the east branch of Marsepequa the head of the swamp being the south east corner...the Indians reserving unto themselves liberty of hunting, and gathering huckleberries." The site was roughly five miles north to south and three and a half miles east to west, plenty of room for everyone in his family. In 1700 he built his house at Bethpage on this property; his descedants were still living on the land as late as 1895.

In the Quaker book (EAQ, New York, p.258) he is  listed as Thomas of Bethpage, Oyster Bay, and called an active member since 1685. Their last record of  him is of his death "being well respected as a worthy Friend- and died in unity with Friends."(Bunker)

Children of Thomas and Abigail: (EAQ)

i. THOMAS2 POWELL, m. MARY WILLETS; children: Thomas, Deborah, Abigail, Mary, Wait, Amy, Moses, Richard, Elizabeth, Hannah, Joshua, and Martha.

ii. ABIGAIL POWELL, b. 18 July 1668; m. RICHARD WILLETS, children:Abigail, Mary, Martha, Jacob, Phebe, and Elizabeth.

iii. ELIZABETH POWELL; m SAMUEL TITUS, children: Phebe, Temperance, Martha, and Samuel.

      2   iv. JOHN POWELL, m. MARGARET HALLECK.

v. JONAS POWELL, m. ANNA (----). Anna was distinguished by being able to write her name.

vi. CALEB POWELL, m. SARAH (-----).

vii. WAIT POWELL.

viii. ELISHA POWELL, m. REBECCA (----) .

Children of Thomas and Elizabeth  (EAQ):

ix. HANNAH POWELL, b. 28 Aug. 1691; m. WILLIAM WILLIS, children: Mary, Hannah, Elizabeth, Rachel, Jacob, Samuel, Amy. Mordecai, Silas, Martha, William, and Joseph.

x. PHEBE POWELL, b. 1603; m. HENRY WILLIS, children: Mary, Silas, Phebe, and Henry.

xii. RACHEL POWELL, m. THOMAS WILLETS, moved to Pennsylvania.

xiii. MERCY POWELL, b. 1702; m.. JACOB SEAMAN.

xiv. SOLOMON POWELL, m. RUTH CARMAN.

xv SARAH POWELL, m. NATHANIEL SEAMAN.

xvi. AMY POWELL.

2. JOHN2 (Thomas1) POWELL lived and died in Bethpage, Long Island; he married in January 1705, Margaret, daughter of John and Abigail (Swaze) Halleck.

Children of John and Abigail:

    3.   i. JOHN3 POWELL, b, 25 Jan 1706; m 11 Jan 1739, MARTHA OAKLEY.

ii. PHILINA POWELL, b. 12 Jan. 1708; not married.

iii. CLEMENT POWELL, b. 27 March 1710; m. DAVID WHITSON., children:Ruth, Mary, Amy, Soloman, David and Clement.

iv MARY POWELL, b. 22 Nov. 1713; m. DANIEL POWELL, children: Jacab. Deborah, Margaret, Jonas, Daniel, Rachel, and Mary.

v. PHEBE POWELL, b. 13 Sept. 1716; m. JOHN HICKS..

vi. AMY POWELL; b. 6 April 1718; m. DANIEL WILLETS.

vii. RACHEL POWELL, b. 1 Aug. 1720; m. THOMAS PEARSALL, children: Phebe and Charity..

viii. SARAH POWELL, b. 10 May 1723; m. THOMAS UNDERHILL.

ix. HANNAH POWELL, b. 17 Sept. 1725; m. JACOB WILLETS, children: John, Job, Jacob, Daniel, Henry, James, Thomas, Phebe, George, and Samuel..

3. JOHN3 ( John2, Thomas1) POWELL was born in Bethpage, Long Iosland, 24 January 1706 and died after 1748; he married at Bethpage, 11 January 1739, MARTHA OAKLEY who was born in 1706, daughter of John and Martha Oakley.

Children of John and Martha:

      4   i. JOHN4 POWELL, b. 1740; m. (1) ELIZABETH UNDERHILL; m (2) PHEBE POST

ii. ISAAC POWELL, b. 1744; m. MARGARET POWELL, daughter Daniel and Mary. They were dismissed from the Quakers for marrying cousins.

iii. MARTHA POWELL, died young.

iv. WILLIAM POWELL

v. SARAH POWELL, m JOSEPH WALTERS.

4. JOHN4 ( John3,2, Thomas1) POWELL was born in Bethpage, Long Island 27 December 1740 and died 31 August 1828. He married twice: (1) in 1766 his cousin ELIZABETH UNDERHILL, who was born 13 June 1745, daughter of Thomas and Sarah3 (Powell) Underhill; and (2) PHE BE POST.

Children of John and Elizabeth:

i. MARTHA5 POWELL

     5   ii. SARAH POWELL

iii. ANN POWELL.

iv. JEFFREY POWELL.

v. EZRA POWELL.

vi. THOMAS POWELL.

Children of John and Phebe:

vii. WILLIAM POWELL

viii. ELIZA POWELL

iv. JOHN POWELL

5. SARAH5 (John4,3,2, Thomas1) POWELL was born on Long Island 27 June 1769 and married in Oyster Bay, 30 October 1799 JAMES HAWXHURST.

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Wood Family

1. JONAS1 WOOD was born in Fairfax, Yorkshire, England about 1615 (TAG, 11:199-204.).  He was an adherent of the Reverend Richard Denton,. who had studied at Cambridge and then been a Minster at Halifax before he came to this country, going first to Wethersfield and then because of the "dissension" about. Rev, Henry Smith, removed about 1644 to Stamford (see DICKINSON FAMILY) and then in 1657 to Hempstead where he died in 1663. He was blind in one eye. It is probable that Jonas followed Rev. Denton as far as Stamford. There he married Joanna Strickland probably about about 1644 (my assumption).On July 30, 1656 Jonas Wood and two others bought the land that is now Huntington from the Indians. In Bunker, p. 19 it says that Joanna Wood was widow and administrtix to Jonas Wood. After the death of Jonas Wood, Thomas Powell testified that he had worked for Jonas nine years. So he would be well acquainted with his daughter.

. Child of Jonas and Joanna Wood:

     2.   ABIGAIL2 ( Jonas1 )WOOD was born about 1645 and married in Hempstead about 1664 Thomas1 Powell.



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Hallock Family

1. PETER1 HALLOCK, of unknown origin, some suggest Dorsetshire, was one of the 13 original settlers in the Southold area (Eastern End) of Long Island, purchasing land from the Indians in 1641. (His original purchase was three miles long east to west.) Once he was settled, he returned to England to get his wife. The story is that his wife, the former widow Mrs. Howell with two daughters, held out until he promised to give her daughters a large parcel of land; this took a couple of years to settle and by the time they got back to Long Island, the Indians had resold the land..Once settled, the family stayed for "hundreds of years"(Jacobson).

2. WILLIAM2 (Peter1) HALLOCK ( he called himself William Hollyoake) was born in England about 1634, the son of Peter Halleck and his wife the widow Howell., and died in Southold, Long Island about 1689..

He married in Southold about 1654 MARGARET (-----)..

His will (10 February 1684) stipulated the usual division of property between his three sons (Thomas, Peter and William) and daughters (Mary, Martha, Sarah, Elizabeth and Abigail, but with the following vitriolic provision, that if at any time any heir should "Apostate from the protestant Doctrine and faith of the Church of England as it is their (sic) now by law Established ...or if any of them shall at any time take upon him or them or any of them any profession of Such Doctrine and fath whereby they or any of them Shall be drawn away from attendance upon the Publique Worship of God Practized in this Place and Warranted by holy Scripture Suitable to the Protestaint doctrine & faith Abovesaid.....or of (any my sons or their successors} shall Espouse and Contract Marriage with any Quaquer or to the son or daughter of any Quaquer....I doe hereby fully and absolutely Disowne and doe disinherit.......Utterly Casting every one of them out of any of my lands." Lacking is any mention of his eldest John.(MacDonough- Hackstaff Ancestry) This action was in great contrast to that of Thomas Prence of Plymouth colony in similar circumstances.

Children of William and Margaret:

    3   i. JOHN3 HALLOCK, m. ABIGAIL SWAZEY

ii. THOMAS HALLOCK.

iii. MARY HALLOCK.

iv. MARTHA HALLOCK.

v. SARAH HALLOCK.

vi. PETER HALLOCK, d. 1756, children:Major Peter (the DAR has him a private) and Noah.

vii. WILLIAM HALLOCK, m. MARY (----)

viii. ELIZABETH HALLOCK, m (2) 1675 RICHARD HOWELL..

ix. ABIGAIL HALLOCK, m. CALEB HORTON.

3. JOHN3 (William 2, Peter1) HALLOCK was born in Southold, Long Island about 1658,and died in Westvbury, Long Island 25 May 1737. He married in 1679 ABIGAIL SWAZEY, who was born about 1661 in Setauket, Long Island and died in Westbury 23 March 1737, daughter of John and Katherine (King) Swazey.

The Swazey family were Friends, Quakers, and when John's father heard his eldest son was even looking at a Quaker girl, he must have started to rant. In spite of this and in spite of the prospective loss of a considerable estate, John married Abigail with the blessing of her parents ( and perhaps some financial aid) went to live in Westbury, where they were surrounded by Quakers and far enough removed from his father to have some peace. William, as is shown above, wrote his will as if John had never existed.

A nice sequel to this is that one of John's descendants, many years later, when writing his own will, gave only a little to any of his children who did not marry a Quaker(Bunker)

Children of John and Abigail:

i. JOHN4 HALLOCK, b. 1680; m. HANNAH (----), children: John, Sarah, Abigail, Hannah, Catherine, Edward, Phebe, Clement, Samuel, and Almy.

     4   ii. MARGARET HALLOCK, b, 1682; m. Oct.1704 JOHN POWELL

iii ABIDAIL HALLOCK, b. 1688; died unmarried.

iv. BENJAMIN HALLOCK, b. m. SARAH (--),

v. CATHERINE HALLOCK, m. THOMAS WILLETS.

vi. SARAH HALLOCK, m. RICHARD WILLETS.

vii. MARY HALLOCK, m. AMOS WILLETS.

viii. CLEMENT HALLOCK, m. ISAAC WILLETS.

ix. PETER HALLOCK, m. ABIGAIL3 POWELL, d.. Thomas2 and Mary Willets.

x. WILLIAM HALLOCK.

4. MARGARET4 (John3, William2, Peter1 ) HALLOCK was born in Westbury, Long Island in 1682, and died in (bethpage ?) ; she married in Bethpage, Long Island 27 October 1704 JOHN2 POWELL.

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Swazey Fanily

1. JOHN1 SWAZEY ( also SWEEZEY) was born in England about 1619, and died in Long Island 25 May 1706. He married in Salem, Massachusetts about 1649, KATHERINE KING, who was born in England about 1625 and died 10 June 1692, daughter of William and Dorothy (Hayne) King. He owned land in both Salem, Massachusetts and Southold, Long Island.

Children of John and Katherine.; all mentioned in father's wil. (Akerly, LAF).

i. JOHN2 SWAZEY.

ii. JOSEPH SWAZEY.

iii..SAMUEL SWAZEY.

     2.   iv. ABIGAIL SWAZEY.

v. MEHITABLE SWAZEY; m. PETER ALDRICH.

vi. SARAH SWAZEY.

vii. MARY SWAZEY.

2. ABIGAIL2 (John1) SWAZEY was born about 1661 in Setauket, Long Island, and died in Westbury, Long Island 23 March 1737. She married JOHN3 HALLOCK.

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King Family

1. WILLIAM1 KING was born in England in 1595 and died in Salem, Massachusetts about 1650; he was probably the William King who married in Sherbourne, Dorset, England 17 February 1617 DOROTHY HAYNE, who was born 1601, and died on Long Island. They emigrated Weymouth, England 20 March 1635, and settled in Salem, Massachusetts. In 1637 William identified himself with the Antinomians, and was told to have nothing more to do with them or be disarmed; he gave up his gun. He died about 1650, his estate being administered by his wife Dorothy. She decided to move to Long Island and in 1652 bought the house and land of John Swazey (Akerly, LIF).

Children of William and Dorothy:

i. MARY2 KING, b. England ca. 1623; m. ca. 1642 JOHN SCUDDER ,moved to L.I., children Samuel, John, Mary, Elizabeth and Hannah.

2   ii. KATHERINE KING, b. England ca. 1625.

iii WILLIAM KING, b. England ca. 1628; m.in Salem ca. 1642 KATHERINE SHAFFLIN, daughter of Michael. He was a grand juror in 1651, but by 1650 he was attached to the Quakers, fined, lashed and banished from the Colony.

iv. HANNAH KING, b. in England about 1629; m. Lt. Richard Brown of Southold, one of the largest landholders there. Children Richard and Abigail who married their cousins, children of Samuel King.

v. SAMUEL KING, b. in England about 1633, died Southold 29 Nov. 1721 He married in Southold 10 Oct. 1660 FRANCES LUDLAM, children: William, Dorothy. Hannah. Mary, Samuel, John, and Abigail.

vi. MEHITABLE KING.

vii. JOHN KING, bap. Salem 1638; m. ELIZABETH GOLDTHWAIT.

viii. DELIVERENCE KING, bap. Salem 1641; m. JOHN TUTHILL.

2. KATHERINE2 (William1) KING was born in England about 1625 and died Southold 10 June 1692 in Southold, Long Island. She married before 12 June 1650 JOHN SWAZEY; she is mentioned as Katherine Swazey in the distribution of her father's estate.

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Oakley Family

Most of the information on the Oakleys is from a manuscript in the New York Genealogical and Biographical Society's Library by Grenville C. MacKensie.

1.MILES1OAKLEY (OKELEY) was born 15 July 1645 in  the parish of Oakley Grove, Cumberland, England and  died  in West Chester, New York 16 May 1682 (this information is from his tombstone). Bunker claims he was the son of John Okie, who came from England in 1651 settled in Flatbush, NY, bringing with him two sons, Thomas, who settled  on Long Island ,and Miles, who settled in Westchester.  Miles married, supposedly as his fourth wife, in 1669 MARY WILMOT, born about 1638, daughter of Captain John Wilmot of Great Neck , Long Island.  After the death of Miles, his widow Mary married John Cromwell, son of Colonel John Cromwell, a first cousin of Protector Oliver Cromwell; after John's death she married Abraham Brown.

    Children of Miles and Mary:

i EDWARD OAKLEY, b. 11 Dec.1669; died young..

ii. JESSE OAKLEY, b. 4 May 1671.

iii. MILES OAKLEY, b. 23 Dec. 1671; m. MERCY GARDNER, children: Miles, William, Jonathan,Mercy, and Mary.

iv. BRIDGET OAKLEY, b. 11 Nov. 1675; m. JOHN GARRETSON..

   2    v. JOHN OAKLEY, b. 22 Oct. 1678.

vi. THOMAS OAKLEY, b. 1680; m. ABIGAIL FARRINGTON.; children: Thomas, Jemima, Elisha, Abigail, Edward, and Nehemiah.

        vii. MARY OAKLEY, b. 1682; m. NATHANIEL HOPKINS..

2. JOHN2 (Miles1) OAKLEY was born in West Chester, New York 22 October 1678, and died on Long Island 1722. He married in 1705, MARTHA (-----).

Children of John and Martha:

      3   i. MARTHA3 OAKLEY, b. 1706.

ii. MARY OAKLEY, b. 1707.
iii. SARAH OAKLEY, b. 8 May 1711; m. LUKE HAVILAND, children: John, Elizabeth, Martha, William, Mary, Benjamin, and Sarah.

iv. JOHN OAKLEY, b. 1713; m. SARAH PUGSLEY; children: John, James, Sarah, Elizabeth, Mary, Phebe, Stephen, and Ann.

v. ELIZABETH OAKLEY, b. 1718, m. 1741 CORNELIUS WILLET.

vi. ISAAC OAKLEY, b. 1720, m. (1) ELIZABETH (--), children: Isaac, Elizabeth, Rachel, John, and Cornelius; m (2) SARAH HAVILAND.

vii. RACHEL OAKLEY, b. 1720.

3.MARTHA3 (John2, Miles1) OAKLEY was born about 1706. She married at Bethpage, Long Island, 24 December 1739 JOHN3 POWELL.

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Underhill Family

1. CAPTAIN JOHN1 UNDERHILL was born in the Netherlands of an English family from Warwickshire, in 1597 and died in Oyster Bay, Long Island 21 July 1672. He married twice, first in the Hague, Netherlands 12 December 1628 Helena de Hooch (Helena Kruger) who was his wife for nearly thirty years.  After her death by 1658 he married Elizabeth Feake, daughter of Robert Feake and the notorious Elizabeth Fones Winthrop Feake Hallet, who was about half his age ( he was forty-nine , she was twenty-five). She was a Quaker and converted him before he died (Shelley, Henry C., John Underhill.)

People who have written about him agreed upon only two things.. his great charisma and his excellent military leadership. He was no doubt one of the most controversial figures of his day. He was Captain Underhill, in charge of the defense of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, like Miles Standish was for Plymouth Colony. He is often given credit both for ending the Pequot War and saving New Amsterdam from being overrun by the Indians. He was at one time Governor of Dover,(now New Hampshire);and later sheriff of Oyster Bay, Long Island.

Captain John's greatgrandfather Hugh Underhill was Keeper of the Wardrobe for Queen Elizabeth at Greenwich; his grandfather Thomas held the same position for Elizabeth's favorite the Earl of Leicester at Killingworth or Kenilworth. His father, John Underhill was a retainer of Robert Dudley, the earl's "base born" (illegitimate) son by Lady Douglas Sheffield, new owner of Killingworth manor, and is thought to have accompanied him on a trip to the West Indies . He probably also took part in the 1596 capture of Cadiz and then spent the years 1597 to 1605 at Killingworth with his wife Honor Pawley, and it was there that John was born in 1597. Then the family moved to the Netherlands where in December 1597 John (sr.) was Sergeant in Captain Roget Orme's Company. He died there in1608. but Honor stayed on at The Hague. Her son, our Captain John appears in 1628 as "John, the son of Jon Onderhiel, cadet in the guard of the Prince of Orange, betrothed to Heyltgen, daughter of William de Hooch, young maiden from Gorinchem.

He came to America in 1630, probably with Winthrop in the Arbella, was #57 listed in the church, and was sworn freeman 18 May 1630 and served as deputy at the first court. Soon after returning from the Pequot war, he was the first to be disarmed for antinomial heresy in Nov. 1737. In addition, although this is not mentioned by Savage and dismissed as scandal and lies by his biographer Henry C. Shelley, he was convicted of adultery. The combination was enough to cause him to be excommunicated and banished. Then he went to New Hampshire where he was chosen Governor at Dover. Chased from there he went to the Dutch, freed New Amsterdam from an Indian threat and was given land on Long Island. He died in 1671, having rejoined the English.

A good example of the virulence Underhill could inspire is given by James Hosmer in a footnote to his edition of Winthrop's Journal.

"Captain John Underhill often appears in Winthrop's narrative...a forceful personality, sometimes serviceable, as in the Pequot war, but often troublesome and dangerous. We find him hypocritical and licentious, under a religious mask practicing evil. He was subjected to meritous punishment." Winthrop himself is kinder, but not much... " The next Lord's day, the same Captain Underhill, having been privately dealt with upon suspicion of incontinency with a neighbor's wife, and not harkening to it, was publickly questioned and put under admonition. The matter was, for that the woman being young, and beautiful, and withal of a jovial spirit and behavior, he did daily frequent her house, and was divers times found there alone with her, the door being locked on the inside. He confessed it was ill, because it had an appearance of evil in it; but his excuse was, that the woman was in great trouble of mind, and sore temptations and he resorted to her to comfort her; and that when the door was found locked upon them, they were in private prayer together."

Another passage makes you feel almost on the scene

: "Captain Underhill being brought, by the blessing of God in this church's censure of excommunication, to remorse for his foul sins, obtained...a safe conduct (this is during his stay in NH)..... to repair to the church. He came at the time of the court of assistants, and upon the lecture day, after sermon, the pastor called him forth and declared the occasion, and then gave him him leave to speak; and indeed it was a spectacle that caused many weeping eyes, though it afforded matter of much rejoicing to behold the power of the Lord Jesus in his own ordinances, when they are dispensed in his own way, holding forth the authority of his regal splendor in the simplicity of the gospel. He came in his worst clothes (being accustomed to take a great pride in his bravery and neatness) without a band [collar], in a foul linen cap pulled close to his eyes; and standing on a form he did with many deep sighs and abundance of tears lay open his wicked course, his adultery, his hypocrisy, his persecution of God's people here, and especially his pride ( as the root of all, which caused God to give him over to his other sinful courses) and contempt of the magistrates...He declared what power Satan had of him since the casting out of the church, how his presumptuous laying hold of mercy and pardon before God gave it, did then fail him when the terrors of God came upon him, so as he could have no rest....till the Lord, after a long time and great afflictions had broken his heart, and brought him to humble himself night and day with prayers and tears until his strength was wasted...and yet he could find no peace therefore he was now come to seek it in this ordinance of God.. He spake well, save that his blubbering, etc interrupted him...and all along he discovered a broken and melting heart.....He confessed also in the congregation that although he was very familiar with that woman, and had gained her affection, etc., yet she withstood him six months against all his solicitations (which he thought no woman could have resisted) before he could overcome her chastity, but being once overcome she was wholly at his will. And to make his peace the more sound he went to her husband (being a cooper) and fell upon his knees and confessed the wrong he had done him, and besought him to forgive him, which he did very freely."

Another passage:

" Yet all his confessions were mixed with such excuses and extenuations, as did not give satisfaction of the truth of his repentance, so as it seemed to be done rather out of policy and to pacify the sting of his conscience, than in sincerity."

He was involved in another scandal when Captain Daniel Patrick, a guest in his house, was assasinated, and the assasin perhaps "allowed" to escape. This has never been settled. Whittier's Poem "John Underhill" speaks of his sins and banishment in a veiled manner, ending

"Frailest and bravest! the Bay State still

Counts with her worthies John Underhill."

His last years, on Long Island, were more peaceful and dignified. He was made Sheriff "of the North Riding of Long Island." He continued to father children until he was seventy-five.

Children of John and Helena:

i. DEBORAH2 UNDERHILL, b. ca. 1629; d. by 1658.

ii. ELIZABETH UNDERHILL, bapt. 1636; died young.

     2   iii. JOHN UNDERHILL, b. 11 April 1642.

Children of John and Elizabeth, (All in EAQ) :

iv. DEBORAH UNDERHILL, b. 29 Nov.1659; m. HENRY TOWNSEND.

v. NATHANIEL UNDERHILL, b .22 Feb. 1663; m. MARY FERRIS, children: Nathaniel, Benjamin. Abraham, and Thomas.

vi. HANNAH UNDERHILL, b. 2 Dec. 1666; m. RICHARD ALSOP.

vii. ELIZABETH UNDERHILL ,b. 2 July 1669; m. ISAAC SMITH.

viii. DAVID UNDERHILL, b, April 1672; m. HANNAH (----).

2. JOHN2 (John1) UNDERHILL was born in Boston, Massachusetts, 11 April 1642 and died in Oyster Bay, Long Island 25 December 1692. He married 8 October1668 MARY PRIOR, who was born in Killingworth, Long Island 1 Jan 1652 and died in Oyster Bay about 29 March 1698, daughter of Matthew and Mary Prior. They were Quakers (EAQ).

Children of John and Mary:

     3.   i. JOHN3 UNDERHILL, b. 1 July 1670.

ii .DANIEL UNDERHILL, b. 3 Nov. 1672.

iii. SAMUEL UNDERHILL, 18 Feb, 1675; died young.

iv. MARY UNDERHILL, 26 April 1677; m. WRIGHT FROST.

v. ABRAHAM UNDERHILL, 28 Aug. 1679,d. 27 Jan 1714.

vi. DEBORAH UNDERHILL, 11 April 1682.

vii. SAMUEL UNDERHILL, b, 1685; m. HANNAH WILLETS; children; Amy, Dinah, Samuel, and Abraham.

viii. SARAH UNDERHILL, 17 Aug. 1687; m THOMAS PEARSAL, child: Thomas.

ix. JACOB UNDERHILL, 16 Dec. 1689; died young.

x HANNAH UNDERHILL, 23 March 1691; m THOMAS BOWNE, child:Thomas.

3. JOHN3 (John2,1) UNDERHILL was born in Oyster Bay 1 July 1670 and died there in 1728. He married there first in 1698 ELIZABETH WILLETS, who was born 1674 in Oyster Bay and died there 1713, daughter of Thomas and Dinah (Townsend) Willets; and second SUSANNAH BIRDSALL. From the vital records it looks as if neither John nor Elizabeth ever went outside of Oyster Bay.

Children of John and Elizabeth:

i. DANIEL4 UNDERHILL, b. 1700; m. ABIGAIL CRUGER.

ii AMOS UNDERHILL, m. 1729 ELIZABETH SEAMAN.

iii. ISAAC UNDERHILL, d. 1723.

iv. DEBORAH UNDERHILL, m. JOSEPH PRIOR..

v. MARY UNDERHILL.

      4   vi THOMAS UNDERHILL.

4. THOMAS3 (John2,1) UNDERHILL was born about 1712 in Oyster Bay, Long Island; he married there in 1755 SARAH POWELL,who was born in Bethpage, Long Island 10 February and died 1792 in Oyster Bay.

Children of Thomas and Sarah:

i. ADONIJAH5 UNDERHILL m. PHEBE WILLETS.

ii JACOB UNDERHILL m. CATHERINE WILLETS.

     5   iii. ELIZABETH UNDERHILL, b. 15 June 1745.

iv. JOHN UNDERHILL m. a PRIOR.

v. FREELOVE m. PENN FROST.

5. ELIZABETH4 (Thomas3., John2,1) UNDERHILL was born probably in Oyster Bay 15 June 1745; she married about 1766 JOHN4 POWELL.

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Willets Family

1. RICHARD1 WILLETS, was born in England about 1622 and died in Hempstead, Long Island about 1665. He married in Hempstead about 1648 MARY WASHBURNE, a daughter of William1 and Jane Washburne, who died 17 March 1714 aged 85; working backwards this would give her a birth date of 1629.

He was said to have come from the west of England, and was at Hempstead in 1657, probably he was there at a much earlier date as he then had 6 gates,6 cattle, 6 milch cows and twenty acres of land.  "Only 12 men in the town paid more taxes for publics than he did, and none paid twice as much" (Bunker).  An article by Arthur Wardwell in LIF says he was one of the 50 original proprietors of Hempstead, which was founded in 1644, with a patent known as the Kieft Patent and that he was probably about 22 when he emigrated not long before this, or born about 1622.He was an assistant Magistrate in 1657-8, and in 1661 was chosen one of the townsmen. Strangely, he was connected with the court that enforced laws against Quakers.

After his death Mary removed to Oyster Bay with the children, becoming a Quaker and a minister. Her widowhood lasted nearly 50 years and she outlived all her children; she became a special friend of her daughter-in-law ABIGAIL BOWNE, who became a widow in 1703; both being very active Friends.

Children of Richard and Mary:

    2   i. THOMAS2 WILLETS, b. March 1650.

ii. HOPE WILLETSm b.Sept. 1652; m. MARY LANGDON, he died March 1703, and his family moved to New Jersey.

iii. JOHN WILLETS, b.July 1655.

iv. RICHARD WILLETS, b. Dec. 1660; m.(1) ABIGAIL BOWNE, child: Hannah; m. (2) Clemence Hallock; children: Abigail, Mary,Martha, Jacob, Phebe, and Elizabeth. Abigail lived to be 95 and saw her granddaughter's grandchild and had her understanding and memory to the last (Bunker).

v. MARY WILLETS, b. April 1663; m. JOHN FRY.

2. THOMAS (Richard) WILLETS was born in Hempstead, Long Island about 1650 and died in Oyster Bay Long Island in 1710. He married in Oyster Bay about 1670 DINAH TOWNSEND. Three of his sons married sisters, daughters of John Hallock.

Children of Thomas and Dinah:

i. MARY2 WILLETS, b. 1671 m. THOMAS2 POWELL.

      3   ii. ELIZABETH WILLETS, b. 1673; m. JOHN2 UNDERHILL.

iii. HANNAH WILLETS, b. 1676; m. SAMUEL2 UNDERHILL.

iv. SARAH WILLETS, b. 1678. No further information.

v. RICHARD WILLETS, b. 1680; d. 1783; farmer and blacksmith; m, (1) 1708 widow DEBORAH (UNDERHILL) COLES, daughter of John2Underhill and first wife Mary Prior, and widow of Robert3 Coles, children Sarah, Thomas, Richard, Daniel and Jacob, twins; Deborah, Phebe, and Jane; m. (2) 1740 widow MARGARET (HALLOCK) POWELL, daughter of John2 and Abigail (Swazey) Hallock, and widow of John2 Powell.

vi. THOMAS WILLETS, b. 1683 m. (1) 1706 CATHERINE HALLOCK, (sister of his brother Richard's second wife), children: Clement, Hannah, Jesse, Amy, and John.; m. (2) RACHEL2 POWELL, children: Isaiah, Elizabeth, and Isaac.

vii. AMOS WILLETS, b. 1685; m. (1) 1713 MARY4 HALLOCK, another sister, children: Mary, Samuel, Ruth, Jacob, Amos, Joseph. Jemima, Martha, Hannah, Thomas, and Catherine; m.(2) REBECCA WHITSUN, children Mary and Sarah.

viii. ISAAC WILLETS, b. 1688; m 1710. CLEMENCE HALLOCK, David, Dinah, Sarah, Catherine, and Zebulon.

ix. DINAH, b. 1690.No further information, although some historians say she married William4 Hallock, brother to the girls above  ( Baldwin, LIF p. 472).

This family is extraordinary!. The four Willets brothers married four of the Halleck sisters; two of the five Willets sisters married Underhill Brothers,.the first and eldest Willets girl married a Powell who was brother to the Powell girl who married one of her brothers. Bunker has this, and also Wardwell in LIF. A Quaker was dismissed from his of her church if they married soneone outside their faith, which in these sparsely pop[ulated districts necessitated intermarriage; but they were also dismissed for marrying a first cousins. We descend in one case from Sarah Powell, the child of cousins:

                                    John Powell married Margaret Hallock

                                                      children

Thomas Underhill m Sarah Powel       and              John Powell m Martha Oakley

                         child                                                              child

              Elizabeth Underhill                 m                       John4 Powell

                                                   their child,

                                                 Sarah Powell

3. ELIZABETH3 ( Thomas2, Richard1) WILLETS was born 1693 and died in 1713 She married in 1895 JOHN2 UNDERHILL.

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Washburne Family

1. WILLIAM1 WASHBURNE was another of the original inhabitants of Hempstead. He and his wife were members of the early Quaker group there. William was originally at Stratford (Savage).

Children of William and Mary:

i. AGNES WASHBURNE, m. ROBERT JOHNSON.

    2. ii. MARY WASHBURNE

iii. JOHN WASHBURNE.

iv. MARTHA WASHBURNE, b. ca.1737; m EDMUND TITUS, children: Samuel, Phebe, Marrtha, Mary, Hannah, Jane, John, Peter, Silas, Patience, and Temperance.

2. MARY2 (William1 ) WASHBURN was born about 1629, daughter of William and Jane Washburne and died in Hempstead, Long Island 17 March 1714. . She married in Hempstead about 1648 RICHARD1 WILLETS.

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