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What is A Voyageur?

Voyageurs came to the colony, known as New France, having traveled by sea from the country of France in Europe. They made good money as a voyageur . They learned quickly about the First Nation tribes and their unique cultures and languages. There are many challenges that shared in this wild rugged country with other voyageurs, the coureurs de bois, First Nation tribes, and the English, Scottish and French explorers. Co-operating, they created new trails in the wilderness that lead to all corners of this new land called Canada.


In the late 1700's, over 54 percent of the male population of Trois Rivieres was, or had been, a voyageur. Most of the voyageurs were either young single men from France or were born in New France. Being a voyageur was an honourable job. They were from families of craftsmen, military background, and farmers. The coureurs de bois, on the other hand, are mostly young jobless men who were either soldiers or hired men.


As a voyageur, they had to be a skilled navigator and have a curious, risk-taking nature. They were brave but, at the same time, respectful of nature's power in the wild frontier. At the beginning of their trips on the Great Lakes they would throw little trinkets into the waters out of respect for the power of nature. Tobacco, beads, or brass buttons were offered to Old Lady Wind, known as La Vielle, as they asked for safe passage. Many canoes, their cargo, and their crew were lost to sudden storms.


To learn more about Voyageurs visit this website:

http://www.l2ed.com/new/v_ger/indexE.htm

Our Matte Voyageurs

These records were discovered in the Hudson Bay Trading Company Files. All of these men have been linked to the Mate tree.

Record 1

Date

1735-08-19

Last Name

MATTE

First Name

PIERRE

Parish

 

Commerçant

LOUIS NOLAN

Destination

POSTE DES SIOUX

Notary

LEPALLIEUR

Parents

 


Record 2

Date

1804-09-06

Last Name

MATTE

First Name

ANTOINE

Parish

SOREL

Commerçant

ALEXANDER MACKENZIE

Destination

LAC DE LA PLUIE

Notary

GRAY- JONATHAN A.

Parents

 

 

 


Record 3

Date

1809-03-03

Last Name

MATTE

First

LOUIS

Parish

LANORAIE

Commerçant

MESSRS DE LA CIE DE MICHILIMAKINAC

Destination

MICHILIMAKINAC

Notary

CHABOILLEZ, LOUIS

Parents

 


Record 4

Date

1811-12-30

Nom

MATTE

Prénom

ANTOINE

Paroisse

SOREL

Commerçant

MCTAVISH, MCGILLIVRAY & CO.

Destination

FORT WILLIAM

Notaire

BEEK, J.-G.


Donnée 5

Date

1814-01-03

Nom

MATTE

Prénom

ANTOINE

Paroisse

SOREL

Commerçant

MCTAVISH, MCGILLIVRAY & CO.

Destination

FORT WILLIAM

Notaire

BEEK, J.-G.


Donnée 6

Date

1814-06-08

Nom

MATTEKARINHISH ???

Prénom

LOUIS

Paroisse

SAULT ST-LOUIS

Commerçant

MCTAVISH, MCGILLIVRAY & CO.

Destination

FORT WILLIAM

Notaire

BEEK, J.-G.


Donnée 7

Date

1814-10-29

Nom

MATTE

Prénom

PIERRE

Paroisse

SOREL

Commerçant

MCTAVISH, MICGILLIVRAY & CO.

Destination

FORT WILLIAM

Notaire

 


Donnée 8

Date

1815-12-20

Nom

MATTE

Prénom

ANTOINE

Paroisse

LANORAIE

Commerçant

MCTAVISH, MCGILLIVRAY & CO.

Destination

FORT WILLIAM

Notaire

BEEK, J.-G.


Donnée 9

Date

1818-05-07

Nom

MATTE

Prénom

JOSEPH

Paroisse

SOREL

Commerçant

NORBERT PROVENCHER SEVERE DUMOULIN

Destination

RIVIERE-ROUGE

Notaire

DOUCET, NICOLAS B.


Donnée 10

Date

1819-12-06

Nom

MATTE

Prénom

PIERRE

Paroisse

SOREL

Commerçant

HUDSON'S BAY COMPANY

Destination

TEL POSTE QUI LUI SERA INDIQUE

Notaire

DOUCET, NICOLAS B.


Donnée 11

Date

1822-05-06

Nom

MATTE

Prénom

ANTOINE

Paroisse

SOREL

Commerçant

THOMAS THAIN

Destination

FORT WILLIAM ET RIVIERE ROUGE

Notaire

BEEK, J.-G.

 

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